Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 721,599  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 713,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 248,469  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 240,913  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,467.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 292.43  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 721,600 351,930 369,670 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 120,925 61,900 59,030 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 35,460 17,880 17,585 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 41,485 21,220 20,270 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 43,980 22,805 21,180 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 498,890 243,785 255,105 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 49,205 25,670 23,535 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 53,645 27,795 25,850 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 47,170 23,710 23,460 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 44,695 21,520 23,175 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 45,050 20,660 24,390 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 48,505 22,445 26,060 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 54,770 25,905 28,865 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 59,925 29,200 30,720 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 53,435 26,160 27,275 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 42,485 20,715 21,770 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 101,780 46,245 55,535 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 34,385 16,430 17,955 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 24,400 11,425 12,970 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 18,130 8,360 9,765 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 12,775 5,600 7,175 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 12,100 4,435 7,665 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 7,780 3,130 4,650 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 3,395 1,080 2,315 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 805 195 610 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 120 30 90 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.6 16.0 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 69.1 69.3 69.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 14.1 13.1 15.0 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.6 38.8 40.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.0 38.7 41.1 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 240,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 90,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 63,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 86,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 26,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 34,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 240,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 44,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 63,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 46,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 49,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 36,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 715,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 600,670 290,030 310,645 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 345,335 172,300 173,035 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 319,385 159,320 160,060 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 25,950 12,975 12,970 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 255,335 117,735 137,605 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 181,745 96,235 85,510 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 14,875 5,810 9,060 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 29,690 10,370 19,320 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 29,030 5,320 23,710 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 202,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 77,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 50,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 51,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 22,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 202,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 167,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 154,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 12,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 34,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 28,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 6,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 167,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 57,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 110,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 40,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 48,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 21,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 34,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 20,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 10,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 83,770 37,040 46,730 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 240,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 176,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 47,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 129,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 12,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 52,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 44,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 717,855 350,700 367,155 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 639,595 318,480 321,110 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 645 270 375 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 51,935 22,270 29,665 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 25,680 9,680 16,000 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 717,855 350,700 367,155 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 676,440 333,965 342,470 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 8,265 3,690 4,580 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 7,885 3,570 4,310 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 25,265 9,475 15,795 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,210 5,470 6,735 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 717,855 350,695 367,155 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 679,815 332,140 347,680 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 337,005 167,670 169,335 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 329,990 164,525 165,465 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 7,015 3,145 3,870 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 342,810 164,470 178,345 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 45 20 20 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 20 5 15 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 5 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 5 5 5 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 10 10 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 10 10 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 342,765 164,445 178,320 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 33,875 17,000 16,870 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 45 25 25 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 35 15 15 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 850 345 505 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 25 15 15 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 815 330 485 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 32,920 16,610 16,310 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 355 155 195 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 29,900 15,150 14,745 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,185 575 605 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 30 15 15 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 65 40 25 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 865 405 460 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 225 110 110 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,065 4,665 5,400 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 90 40 50 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 9,955 4,625 5,330 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 23,365 9,805 13,560 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 55 20 30 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 580 245 335 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 5 5 5 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 250 90 160 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 655 275 385 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 5 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 1,105 500 600 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 100 115 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 45 20 25 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,325 8,495 11,830 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 35 20 20 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 865 425 440 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 555 280 275 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 290 135 155 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 15,705 7,795 7,910 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 595 280 310 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 2,930 1,480 1,455 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 9,930 4,850 5,080 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 2,150 1,140 1,015 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 203,910 99,145 104,765 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 2,375 1,215 1,165 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 515 265 250 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 54,050 25,490 28,565 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 725 295 425 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 135 50 80 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 590 245 345 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 53,330 25,195 28,135 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 25 10 15 810 385 430
Bosnian 1,105 550 560 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 1,165 570 595 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 4,935 2,440 2,495 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 645 300 345 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 1,245 615 635 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 26,610 12,390 14,220 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 4,930 2,235 2,700 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 3,895 1,915 1,975 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 510 255 255 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 800 385 420 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 850 390 460 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 6,510 3,095 3,410 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 30 5 25 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 15 1,090 540 550
Welsh 5 0 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 530 295 235
Germanic languages 4,305 1,885 2,420 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 90 40 45 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 165 75 95 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 715 325 390 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 5 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 3,140 1,365 1,775 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 5 0 5 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 25 15 10 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 115 40 70 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 20 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 5 5 5 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 525 280 240
Greek 2,460 1,235 1,220 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 92,655 46,610 46,040 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 85,525 43,010 42,510 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 3,815 1,895 1,925 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 7,770 3,810 3,960 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 9,830 4,895 4,935 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 60 35 30 565 300 265
Konkani 780 375 405 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 1,335 670 665 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 795 405 395 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 140 75 65 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20,235 10,340 9,900 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 985 475 515 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,200 575 625 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 38,575 19,480 19,100 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 6,760 3,405 3,355 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 185 110 75 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 1,165 610 555 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 5,420 2,690 2,730 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 365 190 175 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 47,520 22,440 25,080 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 10 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 12,685 6,225 6,460 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 15,985 7,510 8,470 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 2,830 1,365 1,470 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 15,995 7,325 8,670 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 720 380 340
Japanese 895 345 550 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 40 25 15 1,715 910 805
Georgian 45 25 20 1,715 910 805
Korean 4,745 2,235 2,505 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 25 10 15 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 2,345 1,050 1,290 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 705 300 405 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 5 0 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 65 30 35 1,670 770 900
Ewe 75 35 40 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 10 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 70 35 35 920 445 470
Ganda 35 15 20 1,295 625 665
Igbo 200 105 95 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 20 10 10 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 20 30 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 25 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 95 45 50 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 260 110 145 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 20 10 10 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 405 200 210 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 290 120 170 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 25 20 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 5 5 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 165 90 80 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 60 35 25 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 55 50 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 43,050 20,115 22,930 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 42,745 19,980 22,770 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 16,450 7,655 8,795 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 315 145 170 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 23,275 10,945 12,325 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 30 15 20 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,150 510 640 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 560 245 315 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 955 450 500 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 305 140 165 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 115 45 65 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 170 85 85 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 305 105 200 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 150 60 85 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 160 45 115 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 1,365 670 690 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 55 30 30 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 1,150 570 585 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 80 40 35 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 40 20 20 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 1,905 875 1,030 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 140 70 70 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 150 55 95 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 1,615 745 865 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 38,040 18,560 19,475 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 1,935 880 1,055 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 34,040 16,775 17,265 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 880 390 490 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 1,185 520 665 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 717,855 350,695 367,155 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 627,540 306,695 320,845 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 439,270 216,685 222,585 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 435,940 215,140 220,795 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 3,330 1,545 1,790 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 188,275 90,015 98,255 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 5 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 10 5 5 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 188,255 90,005 98,245 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,640 9,120 9,525 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 15 5 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 5 5 5 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 400 170 230 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 10 5 5 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 390 170 225 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 18,200 8,930 9,275 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 155 70 85 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 16,810 8,275 8,535 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 725 350 375 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 45 55 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 15 5 10 735 335 400
Hebrew 10 10 5 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 220 100 120 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 85 40 45 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,795 3,140 3,660 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 6,770 3,130 3,640 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 10 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 9,945 4,420 5,520 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 175 80 95 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 70 30 40 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 200 85 110 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 420 195 225 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 40 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 5 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,985 3,990 5,000 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 495 240 255 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 370 185 185 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 9,215 4,480 4,735 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 250 125 125 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 1,495 745 750 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 6,315 3,000 3,310 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 1,125 600 530 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 105,695 50,915 54,775 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 1,220 610 610 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 225 110 120 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 29,070 13,825 15,250 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 250 105 140 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 30 15 15 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 220 90 125 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 28,825 13,715 15,105 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 5 0 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 615 300 315 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 700 345 355 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 2,045 1,000 1,045 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 230 115 115 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 625 315 310 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 14,985 7,065 7,915 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 3,075 1,435 1,645 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 2,290 1,115 1,180 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 210 100 110 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 255 115 140 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 95 105 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 3,555 1,705 1,855 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 0 10 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 80 50 30
Germanic languages 445 195 245 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 20 5 10 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 10 5 5 855 410 445
Dutch 35 15 15 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 345 150 195 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 25 15 15 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 5 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 830 385 445 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 53,150 26,255 26,895 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 49,150 24,340 24,810 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 2,185 1,070 1,120 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 4,100 1,965 2,130 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 4,790 2,375 2,415 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 15 5 5 135 70 70
Konkani 160 70 85 720 355 370
Marathi 605 310 300 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 520 255 265 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 60 30 30 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,890 6,455 6,435 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 435 210 225 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 500 255 245 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 22,890 11,340 11,545 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 3,865 1,850 2,010 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 100 65 45 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 600 300 300 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 3,160 1,495 1,670 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 20,750 9,545 11,205 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 3,460 1,460 2,005 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 6,460 3,030 3,430 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 1,400 660 740 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 9,415 4,390 5,030 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 180 85 95
Japanese 490 230 265 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 1,040 565 475
Georgian 20 10 10 1,035 565 475
Korean 3,250 1,570 1,680 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 910 440 470
Mongolian 10 5 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 725 315 415 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 315 120 190 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 25 10 15 415 175 240
Ewe 30 15 10 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 825 400 425
Ga 30 15 15 250 105 140
Ganda 10 5 5 345 160 185
Igbo 25 10 15 1,000 485 510
Lingala 5 5 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 1,530 670 865
Shona 40 25 20 1,035 475 560
Swahili 80 40 40 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 10 10 5 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 105 40 60 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 265 155 110 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 115 65 50 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 155 90 60 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,200 14,700 16,500 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 31,000 14,605 16,400 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 11,415 5,210 6,205 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 75 35 35 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 18,080 8,705 9,375 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 10 5 5 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 485 210 270 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 150 190 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 585 275 305 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 200 100 105 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 70 35 35 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 130 65 65 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 105 50 55 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 60 25 30 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 45 25 20 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 705 330 380 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 1,245 640 610
Turkish 610 285 325 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 55 30 25 610 315 290
Uzbek 20 10 5 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 455 230 225
Uralic languages 650 315 335 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 15 5 10 975 365 610
Finnish 20 10 15 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 615 295 320 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 90,315 43,995 46,315 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 1,640 730 915 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 86,500 42,350 44,155 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 360 160 195 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 1,805 760 1,045 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 717,855 350,700 367,155 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 521,835 255,570 266,270 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 86,080 42,675 43,405 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 5,470 2,235 3,235 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 100,820 48,500 52,320 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 20 5 10 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 100,805 48,495 52,310 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 660 300 360 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 1,935 940 990 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 1,025 460 570 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 30 15 15 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 594,765 288,005 306,760 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 560,950 272,120 288,830 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,311 36,591 27,188 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 561,055 272,140 288,910 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,899 33,199 25,442 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 495,880 248,020 247,860 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,051 37,572 27,213 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 399,965 177,830 222,135 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,089 972 3,661 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 420,840 216,600 204,240 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,727 39,128 30,639 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 594,765 288,065 306,700 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 561,270 272,395 288,880 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,267 52,779 38,184 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 561,375 272,425 288,955 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,373 42,619 32,427 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 495,780 248,425 247,355 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,223 54,022 38,391 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 399,800 177,835 221,965 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,230 5,378 6,913 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 420,845 217,140 203,705 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,176 53,938 39,968 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 594,765 288,065 306,700 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 201,835 112,220 89,615 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,892 59,310 50,214 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,998 74,886 59,374 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.2 93.3 86.1 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.0 81.2 73.8 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.8 6.7 13.9 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 594,760 288,005 306,760 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 33,815 15,890 17,925 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 560,950 272,120 288,830 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 94.3 94.5 94.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,435 45,555 57,880 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 97,920 41,015 56,910 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 70,805 31,470 39,335 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 57,810 26,820 30,985 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 51,670 24,500 27,170 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 41,440 20,630 20,815 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 31,980 17,175 14,810 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 24,635 14,005 10,630 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 19,475 11,275 8,200 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 15,945 8,900 7,045 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 45,830 30,780 15,055 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 30,420 19,760 10,665 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 15,410 11,020 4,385 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 594,765 288,005 306,760 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 33,715 15,865 17,845 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 561,055 272,140 288,910 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 94.3 94.5 94.2 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 105,010 46,035 58,985 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 101,705 42,820 58,885 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 81,820 36,660 45,155 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 69,315 32,750 36,570 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 60,410 29,495 30,915 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 43,010 22,920 20,095 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 30,780 17,730 13,050 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 23,155 13,220 9,935 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 45,845 30,510 15,335 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 14,960 9,115 5,840 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 8,815 5,825 2,985 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 22,075 15,570 6,505 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 594,765 288,005 306,755 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 173,920 71,405 102,515 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 420,845 216,600 204,240 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 70.8 75.2 66.6 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 53,260 25,320 27,940 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 34,430 15,570 18,860 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 57,240 27,505 29,735 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 45,025 21,180 23,840 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 42,775 20,375 22,400 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 40,135 19,455 20,675 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 33,080 16,985 16,100 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 25,895 14,165 11,725 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 20,380 11,890 8,490 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 68,620 44,150 24,465 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 16,715 9,845 6,865 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 14,080 7,925 6,155 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 37,825 26,375 11,445 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 240,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,018  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,657  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 44,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,716  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 195,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,286  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 240,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 105,462  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 44,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 195,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 240,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 4,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 96,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 28,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 24,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 22,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 240,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 4,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 16,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 75,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 28,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 28,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 192,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 45,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,141  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 110,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,337  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 30,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,297  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,951  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 191,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 117,277  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,759  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 45,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,497  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 110,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,024  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,016  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,619  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 63,005 29,945 33,060 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,448 37,766 33,436 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,994 33,711 30,540 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 62,875 29,840 33,030 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,188 48,318 44,263 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,394 39,555 37,345 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 715,470 349,790 365,685 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 336,735 161,880 174,855 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 71,455 34,640 36,810 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 69,020 32,360 36,665 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 64,625 30,820 33,810 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 64,885 31,455 33,430 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 66,745 32,595 34,145 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 378,740 187,910 190,825 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 68,865 33,660 35,200 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 71,765 35,200 36,565 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 75,750 37,460 38,290 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 82,020 40,935 41,085 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 80,340 40,655 39,685 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 715,475 349,795 365,685 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 149,080 76,605 72,480 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 43,115 21,805 21,305 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 469,290 228,355 240,940 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 97,100 44,835 52,265 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 105,250 49,985 55,265 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 31,625 16,400 15,220 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 9,730 4,975 4,750 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 62,215 29,055 33,160 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 11,415 4,525 6,885 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.7 14.3 15.1 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 21.2 21.4 21.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.6 22.8 22.3 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 12.7 13.8 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.1 13.2 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 84,125 40,515 43,600 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 24,450 12,680 11,775 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 7,530 3,840 3,690 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 52,425 25,095 27,335 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 7,245 2,745 4,500 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.8 11.6 11.9 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.4 16.6 16.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 17.5 17.6 17.3 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 11.2 11.0 11.3 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 7.5 6.1 8.6 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 715,475 349,790 365,685 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 689,895 340,160 349,735 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 689,295 339,930 349,370 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 52,230 22,515 29,715 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 426,200 205,655 220,545 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 60 25 35 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 40 10 30 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 10 10 10 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 0 15 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 10 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 10 0 15 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 426,145 205,630 220,510 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,490 22,540 21,945 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 40 20 15 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 20 10 10 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 1,440 625 815 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 10 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 50 25 25 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 1,360 590 775 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 480 220 265
Semitic languages 43,130 21,945 21,190 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 520 225 290 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 39,960 20,450 19,515 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,570 805 765 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 285 130 155 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 50 20 30 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 430 265 165 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 1,095 500 590 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 305 135 170 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 80 130 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,705 6,085 6,615 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 55 50 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 12,605 6,035 6,570 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 29,535 12,430 17,105 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 55 20 35 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 980 405 575 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 10 10 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 355 125 230 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 885 350 530 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 1,615 760 860 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 270 125 145 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 45 20 20 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 27,510 11,495 16,015 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 45 20 25 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 2,760 1,350 1,415 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 45 25 20 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 1,810 895 920 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 915 440 470 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 21,940 11,115 10,820 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 1,420 705 720 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 3,925 1,950 1,975 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 14,755 7,420 7,330 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 3,215 1,725 1,485 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 170 100 75 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 261,700 128,070 133,625 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 2,625 1,350 1,280 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 555 290 265 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 61,980 29,670 32,315 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 845 375 470 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 170 70 95 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 680 305 375 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 61,325 29,380 31,945 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 105 60 45 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 1,550 770 780 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 1,395 720 675 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 6,900 3,365 3,535 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 915 440 480 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 1,665 840 820 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 31,745 15,080 16,665 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 8,730 4,255 4,475 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 5,005 2,505 2,500 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 490 240 255 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 1,095 555 545 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,030 445 585 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 8,885 4,145 4,740 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 115 35 75 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 50 15 35 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 10 10 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 7,475 3,580 3,895 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 375 195 185 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 185 75 115 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 975 485 490 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 10 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 5,745 2,750 2,995 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 95 35 60 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 225 100 125 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 10 10 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 3,825 1,990 1,830 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 126,180 63,505 62,670 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 119,000 59,950 59,050 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 4,855 2,410 2,440 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 10,950 5,280 5,675 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 39,365 19,915 19,455 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 110 55 55 905 490 420
Konkani 2,080 895 1,185 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 2,680 1,375 1,300 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 910 440 470 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 225 115 115 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 34,345 17,725 16,620 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 1,630 775 860 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,135 1,080 1,050 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 55,805 28,350 27,455 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 8,310 4,095 4,220 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 220 125 95 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 1,580 825 755 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 6,800 3,315 3,480 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 690 390 295 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 63,075 29,710 33,360 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 25 10 15 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 18,370 8,865 9,505 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 20,385 9,600 10,785 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 3,285 1,620 1,660 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 23,485 10,785 12,705 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 1,475 680 790 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 70 35 35 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 5,330 2,495 2,840 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 45 20 25 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 45 15 30 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 5,070 2,360 2,705 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 1,275 565 720 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 35 10 25 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 150 90 65 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 80 25 60 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 35 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 120 60 55 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 85 35 50 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 400 170 235 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 195 85 115 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 10 35 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 15 40 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 125 50 75 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 1,155 570 590 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 60 20 40 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 980 500 480 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 680 320 355 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 40 10 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 10 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 540 210 325 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 290 90 200 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 260 130 130 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 48,905 22,900 26,005 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 48,520 22,710 25,810 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 20,915 9,685 11,230 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 325 155 170 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 30,545 14,205 16,340 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 65 25 40 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,535 695 835 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 730 355 375 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 975 420 550 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 405 205 200 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 120 55 65 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 230 125 110 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 420 165 255 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 180 80 95 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 270 95 175 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 1,810 920 895 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 60 30 30 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 1,590 820 770 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 125 45 75 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 35 20 15 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 2,085 940 1,145 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 170 80 90 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 200 95 105 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 1,715 770 950 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 715,475 349,790 365,685 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 620,045 303,715 316,330 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 132,175 67,575 64,600 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 487,870 236,140 251,730 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 95,435 46,075 49,355 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 715,475 349,790 365,685 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 320,750 160,730 160,020 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 381,730 182,445 199,285 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 77,125 36,250 40,875 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 50,500 24,260 26,240 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 90,385 43,510 46,875 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 110,310 52,585 57,730 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 59,235 28,400 30,835 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 51,080 24,185 26,900 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 53,410 25,845 27,570 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,990 6,615 6,375 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 381,730 182,445 199,285 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 34,375 17,135 17,240 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 66,605 34,445 32,165 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 76,645 34,345 42,300 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 164,845 78,135 86,710 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 39,260 18,390 20,870 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 381,730 182,445 199,285 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 48,660 21,830 26,830 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 1,060 480 580 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 3,625 1,680 1,945 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 880 425 455 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 6,680 3,060 3,625 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 150 80 75 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 11,595 4,965 6,625 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 1,275 510 765 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 1,355 615 745 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 6,340 2,800 3,545 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,520 2,655 2,870 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 10,175 4,575 5,600 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 88,515 41,985 46,530 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,605 1,325 1,280 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 3,505 1,705 1,795 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 605 295 310 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 2,710 1,200 1,510 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 1,740 885 860 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 890 410 480 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,025 420 600 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 8,695 4,365 4,335 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 665 330 335 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 21,685 10,080 11,605 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 11,925 5,580 6,345 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 2,810 1,335 1,475 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 2,185 990 1,190 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,110 1,035 1,075 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 4,470 2,060 2,410 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,060 5,210 5,850 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 9,825 4,745 5,080 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 24,290 11,875 12,415 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 235 120 115 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 9,095 4,670 4,425 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 510 215 300 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 1,835 765 1,070 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 340 160 175 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 2,180 1,140 1,040 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 720 260 460 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 1,095 485 610 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 8,275 4,060 4,215 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 219,420 106,355 113,060 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 2,595 1,310 1,285 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 2,600 1,270 1,330 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 23,110 10,655