Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Newfoundland and Labrador [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Newfoundland and Labrador

[Province]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Newfoundland and Labrador [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,716  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 514,536  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 265,739  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 218,673  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 370,514.08  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 519,715 253,930 265,790
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 74,440 38,200 36,240
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 22,365 11,430 10,930
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 26,040 13,430 12,605
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 26,035 13,340 12,700
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 344,245 168,555 175,695
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 27,255 13,980 13,275
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 27,700 13,915 13,785
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 28,245 14,095 14,150
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 29,405 14,185 15,215
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 30,740 14,555 16,185
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 34,505 16,745 17,765
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 38,665 18,740 19,920
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 42,620 20,730 21,890
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 43,080 21,035 22,045
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 42,025 20,570 21,460
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 101,025 47,170 53,855
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 37,485 18,310 19,180
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 26,170 12,720 13,445
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 16,950 8,015 8,935
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 11,060 4,885 6,175
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 9,360 3,245 6,125
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 6,175 2,300 3,875
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 2,485 790 1,695
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 610 140 475
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 90 20 75
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 14.3 15.0 13.6
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 66.2 66.4 66.1
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 19.4 18.6 20.3
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 1.8 1.3 2.3
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 43.7 42.9 44.4
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 46.0 45.4 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 218,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 218,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 512,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 445,275 215,720 229,550
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 277,300 138,640 138,660
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 230,815 115,460 115,355
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 46,485 23,180 23,305
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 167,980 77,085 90,895
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 107,650 57,545 50,105
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 8,570 3,760 4,815
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 22,225 9,535 12,685
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 29,530 6,245 23,285
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 80,020 36,715 43,315
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 218,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 515,680 252,315 263,370
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 488,800 241,310 247,490
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 120 60 60
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 25,940 10,580 15,365
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 820 365 455
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 515,680 252,315 263,365
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 512,350 250,610 261,740
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 2,255 1,205 1,050
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 350 180 165
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 725 315 410
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 2,425 1,295 1,135
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 0.5 0.5 0.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 515,680 252,310 263,370
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 513,980 251,490 262,495
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 502,060 245,305 256,760
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 499,710 244,065 255,645
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 2,350 1,240 1,115
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 11,920 6,190 5,735
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 2,620 1,270 1,350
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 2,130 1,030 1,100
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 2,120 1,025 1,095
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 1,505 725 780
Moose Cree 100 50 55 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 605 295 310
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 0 0 0
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 0 0 0
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 5 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 5 0 5
Malecite 305 140 160 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 5 5 0
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 0 0 0
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 0 0 0
Chilcotin 660 295 360 0 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 0 0 0
Gwich'in 260 110 145 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 0
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 0 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 0 0 0
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 490 235 255
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 435 205 230
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 50 30 20
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 0 0 0
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 0 0 0
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 0 0 0
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 0 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 0 0 0
Dakota 1,215 570 635 0 0 0
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 0
Nisga'a 400 200 200 0 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 0
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 9,300 4,920 4,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 1,295 730 565
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 0 5 0
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 45 20 20
Bilen 805 455 350 10 5 5
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 35 15 15
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 0 5 0
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 1,245 700 545
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 25 10 15
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 1,140 645 490
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 0 0 0
Harari 1,320 635 685 0 0 0
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 5 5 0
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 5 5 0
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 65 30 35
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 60 30 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 5 0 5
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 1,120 475 645
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 5 5 0
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 60 15 40
Fijian 745 400 345 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 5 5 5
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 25 10 15
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 0 5 0
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 25 15 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 10 10 5
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 970 415 560
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 10 5 5
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 35 20 15
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 25 10 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 15 5 5
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 275 150 120
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 15 5 10
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 100 55 45
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 115 70 45
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 50 25 20
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 4,020 2,265 1,760
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 85 45 40
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 5 5 0
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 585 310 275
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 10 10 5
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 10 10 5
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 0 0 0
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 575 300 270
Belarusan 810 385 430 0 5 0
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 15 10 5
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 65 35 30
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 30 20 15
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 35 20 15
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 5 5 5
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 105 55 50
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 220 120 100
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 30 15 15
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 10 5 5
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 10 5 5
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 40 15 25
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 0 5 0
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 20 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 10 10 0
Welsh 1,075 495 575 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 10 5 0
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 715 425 290
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 55 30 25
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 55 30 20
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 110 70 40
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 0 0 0
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 380 210 170
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 30 20 10
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 55 45 15
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 20 10 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 5 0 0
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 10 5 0
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 55 40 15
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 1,640 965 670
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 1,325 800 530
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 325 220 105
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 70 45 25
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 175 100 70
Kashmiri 565 300 265 0 5 0
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 0 0 0
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 30 15 10
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 135 75 55
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 5 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 215 130 90
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 70 35 40
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 285 165 120
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 280 145 130
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 10 10 5
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 30 10 15
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 235 125 110
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 30 25 10
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 915 465 455
Catalan 865 440 425 0 0 0
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 105 60 45
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 165 90 70
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 45 15 30
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 595 290 305
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 5 5 0
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 45 15 30
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Georgian 1,715 910 805 5 0 0
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 125 50 80
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 0 0 0
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 320 170 145
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 30 20 10
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 0 0 0
Edo 1,670 770 900 5 5 0
Ewe 1,760 950 805 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 0 0 0
Ga 920 445 470 0 0 0
Ganda 1,295 625 665 10 5 5
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 30 20 10
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 10 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 10 0 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 5 0 5
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 30 15 15
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 55 25 25
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 5 5 5
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 60 40 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 65 35 35
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 35 20 15
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 25 15 15
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 125 70 55
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 50 25 20
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 75 45 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 1,620 830 790
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 1,590 815 775
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 360 195 165
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 10 5 5
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 990 495 490
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 35 15 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 15 5 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 190 100 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 30 10 15
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 10 0 10
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 10 5 0
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 5 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 50 20 30
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 5 5 5
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 45 20 25
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 70 40 25
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 10 5 0
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 45 35 15
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 5 0 5
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 90 20 70
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 20 10 10
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 20 5 20
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 55 10 40
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 20 15 5
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 1,700 820 880
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 585 250 335
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 1,025 530 500
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 60 30 30
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 25 15 15
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 515,675 252,310 263,370
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 513,025 250,995 262,030
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 506,485 247,615 258,865
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 505,550 247,155 258,395
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 935 465 475
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 6,545 3,380 3,160
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 1,910 950 960
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 1,800 890 910
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 1,800 890 910
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 1,200 600 605
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 600 295 310
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 0 0 0
Woods Cree 800 410 390 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 0 5 0
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 0 0 0
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 105 55 50
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 105 55 50
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 0 0 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 0 0 0
Dakota 255 140 120 0 0 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 4,635 2,430 2,205
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 830 425 410
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 5 0 0
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 5 0 5
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 40 20 20
Bilen 620 330 285 10 5 0
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 30 20 15
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 0 0 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 0 0 0
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 790 400 390
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 10 5 5
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 725 375 355
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 0 0 0
Harari 735 335 400 0 0 0
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 0 0 0
Maltese 1,130 525 605 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 50 20 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 40 20 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 0 0 0
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 40 20 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 500 235 265
Bikol 290 140 155 0 0 0
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 15 5 10
Fijian 195 105 90 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 5 0 0
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 5 5 0
Malagasy 435 220 210 0 0 0
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 5 5 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 5 5 5
Pangasinan 240 110 135 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 475 225 245
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 0 0 0
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 15 10 5
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 10 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 10 5 5
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 120 65 55
Kannada 1,630 825 800 0 0 5
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 35 15 15
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 55 30 25
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 25 15 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 1,620 890 730
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 30 20 15
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 5 5 0
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 195 100 100
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 0 0 0
Latvian 1,255 530 725 0 0 0
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 0 0 0
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 195 100 95
Belarusan 230 105 120 0 0 0
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 5 5 0
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 30 15 15
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 0 0 5
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 5 5 0
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 0 0 0
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 30 15 15
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 95 50 45
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 0 0 0
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 0 0 0
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 10 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 0 0 0
Celtic languages 360 205 155 0 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 0 0 0
Welsh 95 50 45 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 0 0 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 155 85 70
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 15 5 10
Danish 855 410 445 25 10 10
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 15 10 5
Frisian 185 95 90 0 0 0
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 65 30 25
Icelandic 270 120 150 15 10 10
Norwegian 345 145 200 20 10 5
Swedish 1,045 500 545 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 0 0 0
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 0 0 0
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 10 10 5
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 860 505 360
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 685 410 275
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 150 105 45
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 20 10 10
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 75 45 30
Kashmiri 135 70 70 0 0 0
Konkani 720 355 370 0 0 0
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 10 5 5
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 95 55 40
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 145 80 60
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 10 10 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 45 25 20
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 130 70 60
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 155 85 75
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 5 0 5
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 10 5 0
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 145 75 65
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 365 175 190
Catalan 355 165 190 5 0 0
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 20 10 10
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 50 25 25
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 10 5 5
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 275 130 145
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 0 0 0
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 20 5 10
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 0 0 0
Georgian 1,035 565 475 0 0 0
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 60 30 35
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 0 0 0
Mongolian 910 435 470 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 105 50 55
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 5 0 0
Bamanankan 340 180 160 0 0 0
Edo 415 175 240 0 0 0
Ewe 410 185 225 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 0 0 0
Ga 250 105 140 0 0 0
Ganda 345 160 185 5 0 5
Igbo 1,000 485 510 0 5 0
Lingala 1,045 455 590 5 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 10 0 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 0 0 0
Shona 1,035 475 560 5 5 0
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 45 20 25
Wolof 1,380 745 635 0 0 0
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 20 10 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 5 10 0
Dinka 1,130 580 550 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 5 5 0
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 210 120 90
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 60 30 30
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 155 85 70
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 1,040 545 495
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 1,030 535 490
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 190 100 90
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 0 0 0
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 705 365 335
Min Dong 345 150 195 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 15 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 120 65 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 10 5 5
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 5 0 5
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 0 0 0
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 10 5 5
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 5 0 0
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 30 15 15
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 0 0 0
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 15 5 10
Uyghur 610 315 290 0 0 0
Uzbek 990 505 490 10 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 5 0 0
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 25 10 10
Estonian 975 365 610 10 5 5
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 0 5 0
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 10 5 5
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 5 5 0
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 2,655 1,320 1,340
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 400 185 215
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 2,175 1,095 1,080
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 30 15 15
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 55 25 30
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 515,680 252,310 263,365
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 505,060 247,185 257,870
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 3,190 1,655 1,535
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 3,160 1,305 1,855
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 4,135 2,095 2,035
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 685 315 370
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 3,450 1,785 1,670
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 20 10 5
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 45 25 25
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 65 35 35
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 5 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 437,940 212,785 225,150
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 422,335 205,915 216,425
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 31,754 40,880 25,314
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 422,475 205,925 216,550
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 28,883 36,040 23,623
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 350,685 178,440 172,240
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 30,580 39,940 23,812
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 320,165 142,895 177,270
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 9,208 10,950 8,142
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 299,155 154,695 144,455
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 31,528 41,659 24,445
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 437,935 212,780 225,155
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 422,695 206,060 216,630
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 45,210 56,724 34,259
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 422,850 206,070 216,780
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 37,105 45,371 29,247
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 350,865 178,415 172,450
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 45,500 56,985 33,617
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 320,275 143,070 177,205
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 9,823 10,636 9,166
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 299,155 154,695 144,460
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 46,153 57,421 34,087
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 437,935 212,785 225,150
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 127,135 65,460 61,670
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 55,696 64,859 46,313
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 67,716 80,565 54,077
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 83.5 86.9 78.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 72.0 75.7 66.2
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 16.5 13.1 21.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 437,940 212,785 225,155
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 15,600 6,875 8,730
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 422,335 205,910 216,420
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.4 96.8 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 54,190 20,040 34,150
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 80,625 30,610 50,015
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 66,445 26,040 40,410
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 50,800 24,220 26,585
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 40,710 20,675 20,030
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 28,815 16,365 12,450
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 22,170 13,390 8,790
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 16,585 9,950 6,640
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 14,525 8,380 6,140
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 11,570 7,230 4,345
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 35,890 29,020 6,870
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 24,160 19,130 5,030
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 11,730 9,890 1,845
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 437,935 212,790 225,150
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 15,465 6,865 8,600
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 422,475 205,920 216,550
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.5 96.8 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 55,965 20,310 35,650
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 84,935 32,255 52,675
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 77,570 31,835 45,730
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 60,145 30,005 30,140
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 42,845 23,560 19,285
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 29,740 18,000 11,735
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 21,810 12,880 8,925
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 16,275 10,280 5,995
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 33,195 26,780 6,410
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 9,910 7,385 2,525
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 6,785 5,580 1,205
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 16,495 13,810 2,685
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 437,940 212,785 225,150
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 138,785 58,090 80,695
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 299,155 154,695 144,460
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 68.3 72.7 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 41,945 19,065 22,885
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 25,185 9,870 15,315
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 43,245 18,425 24,820
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 34,575 14,615 19,960
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 26,880 13,045 13,840
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 25,000 12,240 12,755
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 19,620 11,050 8,570
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 16,510 9,855 6,655
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 12,995 7,755 5,240
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 53,195 38,785 14,415
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 12,605 7,075 5,530
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 9,920 6,290 3,635
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 30,660 25,415 5,245
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 218,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,272  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,593  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 164,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 218,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,684  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,968  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 164,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,281  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,058  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 218,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 218,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 159,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,589  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,513  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120,644  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,926  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 159,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,559  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,251  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,066  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,501  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 69,430 32,260 37,175
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 26,545 30,718 24,334
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 24,852 27,806 23,469
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 69,470 32,190 37,280
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 39,398 45,493 34,137
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 32,455 36,753 28,743
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 512,255 250,910 261,340
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 254,565 119,495 135,070
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 45,825 21,025 24,800
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 62,600 27,510 35,090
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 49,300 23,290 26,015
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 48,540 23,710 24,825
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 48,295 23,955 24,340
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 257,685 131,420 126,270
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 49,765 24,975 24,790
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 50,430 25,400 25,035
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 52,970 26,900 26,075
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 55,005 28,170 26,840
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 49,510 25,975 23,535
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 509,340 249,445 259,895
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 89,425 45,880 43,545
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 26,950 13,780 13,170
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 324,715 158,305 166,410
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 95,200 45,265 49,935
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 78,595 34,740 43,850
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 15,920 8,110 7,810
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 5,205 2,670 2,530
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 40,420 17,430 22,990
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 22,250 9,200 13,055
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 15.4 13.9 16.9
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 17.8 17.7 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 19.3 19.4 19.2
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 12.4 11.0 13.8
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 23.4 20.3 26.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 29,200 13,915 15,285
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 6,065 3,095 2,970
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 2,035 1,080 955
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 21,880 10,305 11,570
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 1,255 510 750
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 5.7 5.6 5.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 6.8 6.7 6.8
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 7.6 7.8 7.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 6.7 6.5 7.0
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 1.3 1.1 1.5
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 512,250 250,910 261,340
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 511,220 250,445 260,775
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 511,100 250,390 260,705
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 25,965 10,395 15,575
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 17,245 8,800 8,445
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 3,035 1,425 1,610
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 2,270 1,085 1,180
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 2,220 1,070 1,150
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 1,575 765 810
Moose Cree 195 80 115 10 0 10
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 665 315 350
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 0 0 0
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 10 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 50 15 35
Malecite 755 370 390 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 50 15 35
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 0 10 0
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 0 0 0
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 0 0 0
Beaver 340 180 165 0 0 0
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 0 0 0
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 0 0 0
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 0 0 0
Gwich'in 360 165 200 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 0 0 0
Sekani 185 85 100 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 0 0 0
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 0 0 0
Tahltan 270 140 130 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 0 0 0
Haida 465 205 260 0 0 0
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 765 340 425
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 0 0 0
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 690 290 400
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 75 50 25
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 0 0 0
Cayuga 125 40 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 0 0 0
Oneida 180 60 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 0 0 0
Kutenai 175 95 80 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 585 625 0 0 0
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 0 0 0
Comox 185 75 110 0 0 0
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 0 0 0
Lillooet 790 405 385 0 0 0
Okanagan 820 370 450 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 0 0 0
Squamish 285 125 155 0 0 0
Straits 360 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 0 0 0
Dakota 1,760 870 890 0 0 0
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 0 0 0
Tlingit 260 140 120 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 0 0 0
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 0 0 0
Tsimshian 410 180 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 0 10 0
Haisla 175 65 110 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 10 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 14,220 7,380 6,840
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 1,705 930 770
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 20 10 15
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 20 0 10
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 35 10 25
Bilen 1,085 625 470 0 0 0
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 15 10 10
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 20 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 0 0 0
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 1,640 900 735
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 50 35 20
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 1,560 860 700
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 0 0 0
Harari 1,710 855 860 0 0 0
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 10 10 10
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 10 10 10
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 25 20 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 35 15 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 55 30 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 0 0 0
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 50 25 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 1,315 530 785
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 0 0 0
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 95 30 75
Fijian 1,660 955 705 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 0 0 0
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 35 10 30
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 0 0 0
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 110 70 40
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 0 0 0
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 1,170 450 715
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585 2,540 3,040 15 10 10
Creole languages 155,615 70,545 85,070 60 30 25
Haitian Creole 6,850 3,140 3,710 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 133,045 59,890 73,160 35 15 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 16,635 7,955 8,675 25 15 10
Dravidian languages 250,180 126,220 123,960 450 245 210
Kannada 8,245 4,180 4,065 35 10 25
Malayalam 37,810 19,410 18,400 150 75 80
Tamil 189,860 94,640 95,220 245 145 100
Telugu 23,160 12,770 10,390 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 790 385 405 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 870 435 435 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555 7,080 3,835 3,245
Albanian 31,930 16,140 15,790 125 70 60
Armenian 41,295 19,980 21,315 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 817,315 384,960 432,350 855 450 405
Baltic languages 14,675 6,470 8,205 15 0 10
Latvian 6,500 2,960 3,540 10 0 10
Lithuanian 8,185 3,510 4,675 0 0 0
Slavic languages 805,915 379,965 425,945 845 450 400
Belarusan 2,265 1,070 1,195 0 0 0
Bosnian 18,265 9,055 9,215 20 15 10
Bulgarian 22,425 10,920 11,505 60 25 35
Croatian 69,840 34,515 35,325 65 45 20
Czech 28,720 13,675 15,050 50 25 25
Macedonian 23,075 11,190 11,880 10 10 10
Polish 214,965 99,365 115,600 125 85 40
Russian 269,645 127,055 142,595 515 250 265
Serbian 73,775 37,040 36,740 15 20 0
Serbo-Croatian 11,275 5,525 5,750 10 0 0
Slovak 21,470 10,215 11,255 15 15 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 11,495 5,205 6,290 0 0 0
Ukrainian 132,115 58,820 73,300 120 55 70
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,000 1,590 1,405 0 0 0
Celtic languages 9,165 4,705 4,455 115 75 35
Scottish Gaelic 3,980 2,010 1,975 30 30 0
Welsh 1,690 830 860 40 30 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 3,590 1,915 1,680 50 20 25
Germanic languages 695,535 337,215 358,320 1,765 965 800
Afrikaans 23,410 11,795 11,610 85 50 40
Danish 15,745 7,320 8,425 100 55 45
Dutch 120,865 57,885 62,990 150 80 75
Frisian 2,910 1,515 1,395 0 0 0
German 502,730 245,745 256,985 1,270 685 580
Icelandic 1,780 830 945 50 35 20
Norwegian 8,120 3,860 4,260 130 75 55
Swedish 14,140 6,510 7,635 55 40 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 4,400 1,945 2,455 0 10 0
Yiddish 20,985 10,435 10,550 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 8,710 4,425 4,285 0 0 0
Greek 150,965 75,510 75,455 95 55 40
Indo-Iranian languages 1,658,220 840,850 817,365 2,070 1,230 840
Indo-Aryan languages 1,387,805 704,370 683,435 1,760 1,070 690
Bengali 91,220 46,935 44,285 370 240 125
Gujarati 149,045 74,765 74,285 60 35 20
Hindi 433,365 221,665 211,700 595 355 240
Kashmiri 905 490 420 0 0 0
Konkani 6,790 3,185 3,605 10 0 0
Marathi 15,570 8,200 7,365 25 10 15
Nepali 21,380 10,915 10,470 175 110 60
Oriya (Odia) 1,535 755 775 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 668,240 341,450 326,790 485 305 180
Sindhi 20,260 9,310 10,945 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 27,825 13,970 13,855 80 45 35
Urdu 322,220 164,685 157,535 405 255 145
Iranian languages 281,715 142,030 139,680 275 150 130
Kurdish 15,290 8,290 7,000 25 25 0
Pashto 23,180 12,465 10,715 50 35 15
Persian (Farsi) 252,320 126,565 125,755 205 90 110
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,875 4,715 4,155 70 45 30
Italic (Romance) languages 1,897,630 898,530 999,100 2,450 1,240 1,210
Catalan 2,035 1,145 890 10 10 0
Italian 574,725 278,500 296,225 360 190 165
Portuguese 295,955 144,465 151,485 395 215 180
Romanian 115,050 55,275 59,770 55 30 25
Spanish 995,255 460,250 535,010 1,820 895 930
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,680 1,610 1,075 20 10 15
Japanese 83,090 36,760 46,335 155 45 110
Kartvelian languages 2,150 1,075 1,075 0 0 0
Georgian 2,150 1,080 1,070 0 0 0
Korean 172,755 80,170 92,590 130 50 75
Mongolic languages 2,090 960 1,130 0 0 10
Mongolian 2,090 960 1,130 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 177,215 88,135 89,080 795 445 345
Akan (Twi) 22,145 10,810 11,340 60 55 10
Bamanankan 3,190 1,660 1,530 0 0 0
Edo 3,220 1,510 1,705 10 10 0
Ewe 3,000 1,685 1,315 10 10 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 4,725 2,460 2,260 0 0 0
Ga 2,250 1,140 1,110 0 0 0
Ganda 2,495 1,175 1,320 55 35 20
Igbo 8,850 4,710 4,140 90 45 45
Lingala 17,010 7,865 9,145 10 10 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,590 4,075 4,515 10 10 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,860 3,600 4,260 25 15 20
Shona 5,425 2,530 2,905 105 35 75
Swahili 38,680 19,565 19,115 180 110 70
Wolof 8,240 4,455 3,785 0 0 0
Yoruba 22,420 11,475 10,940 200 115 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40,760 20,375 20,385 130 75 60
Nilo-Saharan languages 7,015 3,520 3,495 55 35 20
Dinka 2,475 1,280 1,190 35 25 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 4,555 2,240 2,315 20 10 15
Sign languages 48,115 18,985 29,130 710 315 395
American Sign Language 21,930 7,780 14,155 350 130 215
Quebec Sign Language 4,665 1,665 3,005 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 22,275 9,835 12,440 370 190 180
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430,440 672,100 758,340 1,870 1,025 840
Chinese languages 1,413,110 663,465 749,640 1,820 995 820
Cantonese 699,125 325,840 373,285 395 230 165
Hakka 12,445 5,555 6,890 0 0 0
Mandarin 814,450 377,635 436,815 1,265 665 595
Min Dong 1,045 440 600 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 42,840 19,005 23,835 35 25 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 16,530 7,490 9,040 10 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,690 19,995 21,690 265 160 110
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 590 250 340 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 18,270 9,100 9,175 50 30 20
Burmese 4,995 2,490 2,500 25 15 10
Karenic languages 4,895 2,425 2,475 35 25 10
Tibetan 7,050 3,555 3,490 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,160 1,220 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 30,400 13,210 17,195 65 30 35
Lao 17,235 8,240 8,990 15 10 0
Thai 15,390 5,875 9,520 55 25 30
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60,530 31,585 28,945 80 50 30
Azerbaijani 5,450 2,885 2,565 0 0 0
Turkish 50,775 26,605 24,165 60 45 15
Uyghur 1,385 685 700 0 0 0
Uzbek 2,465 1,230 1,235 20 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,870 905 965 10 0 10
Uralic languages 94,810 44,270 50,545 120 35 80
Estonian 6,070 2,750 3,315 25 15 10
Finnish 17,595 7,540 10,050 15 0 10
Hungarian 71,285 34,005 37,280 85 25 65
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 9,730 5,375 4,355 40 20 20
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 512,250 250,910 261,335
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 503,160 245,925 257,240
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 88,805 45,585 43,220
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 414,355 200,335 214,020
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 9,090 4,990 4,100
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 512,255 250,910 261,340
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 496,410 242,465 253,940
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 12,080 6,230 5,850
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 3,430 1,765 1,660
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 905 455 450
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 1,210 625 585
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 2,860 1,490 1,370
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 995 500 495
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 1,865 990 875
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 3,675 1,890 1,780
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 3,770 2,215 1,550
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 12,075 6,230 5,845
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 1,535 745 790
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 2,095 1,090 1,005
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 2,090 1,035 1,050
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 5,420 2,840 2,580
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 940 515 425
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 12,080 6,230 5,850
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 2,280 1,080 1,205
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 30 15 15
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 110 50 65
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 10 10 0
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 30 15 10
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 0 10 0
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 110 45 70
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 90 35 55
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 20 0 15
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 30 15 15
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 1,535 730 805
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 300 155 145
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 4,215 2,325 1,885
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 45 20 25
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 10 10 0
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 160 95 70
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 365 210 155
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 30 20 10
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 40 10 30
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 180 95 85
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 80 60 20
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 95 55 40
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 75 50 30
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 140 80 60
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 55 15 35
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 165 90 70
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 10 10 0
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 85 25 60
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 2,215 1,215 1,000
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 465 270 195
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 1,215 655 560
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 30 20 0
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 215 135 80
Ethiopia 32,790 15,980 16,810 50 30 25
Kenya 27,150 12,810 14,340 25 10 20
Morocco 69,655 36,120 33,535 25 20 0
Nigeria 42,430 21,830 20,600 185 105 80
Somalia 27,230 12,070 15,160 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 44,660 22,205 22,460 135 55 80
Other places of birth in Africa 264,320 133,450 130,870 535 280 260
Asia 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175 4,295 2,145 2,150
Afghanistan 51,955 26,030 25,930 45 15 25
Bangladesh 58,735 29,875 28,865 165 95 70
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 649,260 290,800 358,460 835 405 425
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 208,940 98,020 110,915 80 60 25
India 668,565 334,030 334,540 640 355 285
Iran