Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Prince Edward Island [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Prince Edward Island

[Province]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Prince Edward Island [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 142,907  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,204  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,686.03  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 142,910 69,305 73,605
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 22,685 11,570 11,115
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 7,005 3,645 3,360
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 7,905 3,985 3,925
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 7,775 3,940 3,830
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 92,510 45,090 47,420
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 8,645 4,435 4,215
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 8,620 4,390 4,225
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 7,650 3,700 3,945
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 7,760 3,735 4,025
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 8,180 3,885 4,295
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 8,820 4,235 4,585
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 9,560 4,650 4,910
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 11,250 5,425 5,825
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 11,330 5,420 5,915
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 10,685 5,215 5,475
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 27,710 12,640 15,070
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 9,940 4,830 5,110
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 6,625 3,170 3,455
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 4,695 2,180 2,520
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 3,370 1,440 1,930
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 3,080 1,020 2,060
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 1,895 715 1,180
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 910 260 650
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 250 45 210
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 30 5 25
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 15.9 16.7 15.1
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 64.7 65.1 64.4
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 19.4 18.2 20.5
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.2 1.5 2.8
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 42.7 41.7 43.6
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 44.5 43.6 45.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by marital status - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 120,220 57,735 62,490
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 71,650 35,815 35,835
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 60,895 30,465 30,430
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 10,760 5,355 5,405
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 48,570 21,920 26,655
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 30,750 16,290 14,460
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 3,500 1,470 2,025
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 6,620 2,665 3,955
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 7,700 1,495 6,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 23,270 10,455 12,810
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 141,015 68,540 72,480
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 121,815 60,290 61,525
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 115 55 65
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 17,840 7,540 10,295
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 1,250 650 600
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 141,015 68,535 72,485
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 135,015 65,690 69,320
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 4,550 2,105 2,445
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 235 105 130
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 1,225 630 590
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 4,665 2,160 2,510
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 3.3 3.2 3.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 141,020 68,535 72,480
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 140,020 68,085 71,935
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 132,870 64,475 68,390
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 128,005 62,235 65,765
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 4,865 2,245 2,620
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 7,155 3,605 3,550
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 50 25 20
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 40 20 20
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 5 0 0
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 0 0 0
Moose Cree 100 50 55 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 5 5 0
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 0 0 0
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 40 20 15
Malecite 305 140 160 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 5 0 0
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 0 0 0
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 0 0 0
Chilcotin 660 295 360 0 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 0 0 0
Gwich'in 260 110 145 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 0
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 0 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 0 0 0
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 5 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 0 0 0
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 0 0 0
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 0 0 0
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 0 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 0 0 0
Dakota 1,215 570 635 0 0 0
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 0
Nisga'a 400 200 200 0 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 0
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 7,110 3,580 3,525
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 655 365 295
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 0 0 0
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 50 25 25
Bilen 805 455 350 0 0 0
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 0 0 0
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 50 25 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 0 0 0
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 610 340 270
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 5 5 5
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 575 315 260
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 0 0 0
Harari 1,320 635 685 0 0 0
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 25 15 10
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 0 5 0
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 115 65 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 0 0 0
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 120 65 55
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 395 155 240
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 0 0 0
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 15 5 10
Fijian 745 400 345 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 0 0 0
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 5 0 5
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 0 0 0
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 0 0 0
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 365 140 220
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 5 5 0
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 15 5 10
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 10 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 110 60 50
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 15 5 5
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 55 30 25
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 20 5 10
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 20 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 2,575 1,320 1,260
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 95 55 45
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 5 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 385 190 195
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 5 5 0
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 5 5 0
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 0 0 5
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 380 190 195
Belarusan 810 385 430 0 0 0
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 30 15 10
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 10 5 5
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 25 15 10
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 15 10 10
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 0 0 0
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 70 30 40
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 140 70 70
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 20 10 10
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 10 5 5
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 5 5 5
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 45 20 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 5 5 0
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 20 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 10 0 5
Welsh 1,075 495 575 10 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 5 5 5
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 900 460 435
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 20 15 10
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 20 15 5
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 465 240 220
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 35 20 15
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 320 155 165
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 0 5 0
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 5 0 0
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 10 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 20 10 15
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 0 0 0
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 10 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 685 340 345
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 500 240 260
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 40 25 15
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 5 5 5
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 50 25 20
Kashmiri 565 300 265 0 0 0
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 0 0 0
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 0 0 0
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 205 80 120
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 105 55 50
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 45 25 25
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 50 25 30
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 180 90 85
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 0 0 0
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 180 90 85
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 475 250 230
Catalan 865 440 425 0 0 0
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 65 40 25
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 80 40 40
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 25 15 10
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 305 150 150
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 0 0 0
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 95 25 75
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Georgian 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 120 50 65
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 0 0 0
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 85 45 40
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 0 0 0
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 0 0 0
Edo 1,670 770 900 0 0 0
Ewe 1,760 950 805 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 0 0 0
Ga 920 445 470 0 0 0
Ganda 1,295 625 665 0 0 0
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 5 5 0
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 10 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 0 0 0
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 0 0 0
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 20 10 10
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 0 0 0
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 0 0 0
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 0 0 0
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 15 10 10
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 2,790 1,420 1,365
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 2,740 1,400 1,340
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 210 95 110
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 0 0 0
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 2,165 1,170 995
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 20 10 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 45 25 25
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 295 100 190
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 45 20 25
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 20 10 10
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 20 15 10
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 20 0 15
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 0 0 0
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 20 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 20 10 10
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 0 0 0
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 20 10 10
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 5 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 0 0 0
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 90 50 40
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 5 5 0
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 20 10 10
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 65 35 25
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 10 5 5
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 995 450 540
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 485 210 275
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 460 220 240
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 30 15 15
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 20 10 10
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 141,015 68,535 72,485
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 139,500 67,810 71,690
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 134,930 65,480 69,445
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 132,670 64,445 68,225
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 2,260 1,035 1,225
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 4,575 2,325 2,245
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 10 5 0
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 5 0 0
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 0 0 0
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 0 0 0
Woods Cree 800 410 390 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 5 0 5
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 0 0 0
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 0 0 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 0 0 0
Dakota 255 140 120 0 0 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 4,565 2,325 2,245
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 435 235 205
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 0 0 0
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 30 15 15
Bilen 620 330 285 0 0 0
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 0 0 0
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 30 15 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 0 0 0
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 410 215 190
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 0 0 0
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 395 210 185
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 0 0 0
Harari 735 335 400 0 0 0
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 15 10 10
Maltese 1,130 525 605 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 95 55 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 0 0 0
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 95 55 45
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 235 100 135
Bikol 290 140 155 0 0 0
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 5 0 0
Fijian 195 105 90 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 0 0 0
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 0 5 0
Malagasy 435 220 210 0 0 0
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 0 0 0
Pangasinan 240 110 135 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 230 100 130
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 0 0 0
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 0 5 0
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 65 35 25
Kannada 1,630 825 800 10 5 5
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 40 25 15
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 0 5 0
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 5 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 0 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 1,115 560 555
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 45 30 20
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 175 85 90
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 0 0 0
Latvian 1,255 530 725 0 0 0
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 0 0 0
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 180 85 90
Belarusan 230 105 120 0 0 0
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 20 10 10
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 5 5 0
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 5 5 5
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 5 0 0
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 0 0 0
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 20 5 10
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 85 40 45
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 5 5 5
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 5 0 5
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 15 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 0 0 0
Celtic languages 360 205 155 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 0 0 0
Welsh 95 50 45 0 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 0 0 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 200 100 100
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 5 5 5
Danish 855 410 445 5 0 5
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 75 40 40
Frisian 185 95 90 10 5 5
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 100 50 50
Icelandic 270 120 150 0 0 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 0 0 0
Swedish 1,045 500 545 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 0 0 0
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 0 0 0
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 5 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 460 225 240
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 320 150 170
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 25 10 10
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 5 5 0
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 10 5 5
Kashmiri 135 70 70 0 0 0
Konkani 720 355 370 0 0 0
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 0 0 0
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 170 70 100
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 65 35 30
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 30 15 10
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 20 10 10
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 135 70 65
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 0 0 0
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 135 70 65
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 0 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 215 120 95
Catalan 355 165 190 0 0 0
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 15 10 5
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 25 10 10
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 15 5 5
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 165 95 70
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 0 0 0
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 45 15 25
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 0 0 0
Georgian 1,035 565 475 0 0 0
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 80 35 40
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 0 0 0
Mongolian 910 435 470 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 15 5 5
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 0 0 0
Bamanankan 340 180 160 0 0 0
Edo 415 175 240 0 0 0
Ewe 410 185 225 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 0 0 0
Ga 250 105 140 0 0 0
Ganda 345 160 185 0 0 0
Igbo 1,000 485 510 0 0 0
Lingala 1,045 455 590 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 5 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 0 0 0
Shona 1,035 475 560 0 0 0
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 5 0 5
Wolof 1,380 745 635 0 0 0
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 0 0 0
Dinka 1,130 580 550 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 0 0 0
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 15 10 5
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 15 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 2,395 1,240 1,160
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 2,370 1,225 1,145
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 115 50 65
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 0 0 0
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 1,925 1,070 855
Min Dong 345 150 195 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 15 5 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 35 15 20
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 270 85 190
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 30 10 20
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 15 5 10
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 10 5 5
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 10 0 10
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 0 0 0
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 0 0 0
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 15 5 5
Uyghur 610 315 290 0 0 0
Uzbek 990 505 490 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 0 0 0
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 40 20 25
Estonian 975 365 610 0 5 5
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 0 0 0
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 35 20 20
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 5 0 0
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 1,520 725 790
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 350 140 205
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 1,150 575 575
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 15 5 10
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 141,015 68,540 72,480
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 133,895 65,280 68,610
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 2,550 1,215 1,335
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 2,850 1,205 1,650
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 1,635 795 840
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 25 10 15
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 1,605 785 825
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 15 0 10
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 30 15 15
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 40 15 25
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 5 0 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 117,055 56,365 60,690
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 113,480 54,635 58,845
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 31,744 36,021 28,065
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 113,500 54,635 58,860
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 28,298 31,453 25,484
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 102,410 50,325 52,080
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 26,979 31,133 23,501
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 87,220 38,945 48,280
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 8,232 8,959 7,645
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 86,035 43,395 42,640
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 26,851 29,875 24,280
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 22 100 100 100 100 100 100
Market income (%)Census data footnote 23 88.3 91.6 83.7 82.5 85.1 79.4
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 24 72.0 75.2 67.7 68.1 70.4 65.2
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 25 11.7 8.4 16.3 17.5 14.9 20.6
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 26 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 117,055 56,365 60,690
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 3,570 1,725 1,845
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 113,485 54,635 58,845
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 97.0 96.9 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 14,190 6,250 7,940
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 20,695 8,245 12,450
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 18,775 7,895 10,880
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 16,825 8,085 8,745
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 13,650 7,035 6,610
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 9,365 5,095 4,270
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 6,135 3,490 2,645
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 4,580 2,515 2,065
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 3,005 1,625 1,375
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 1,725 1,085 645
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 4,525 3,320 1,205
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 3,220 2,310 910
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 1,305 1,010 295
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 117,050 56,365 60,690
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 3,555 1,725 1,830
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 113,500 54,635 58,860
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 97.0 96.9 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 14,850 6,410 8,435
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 22,520 9,115 13,405
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 23,185 10,240 12,940
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 19,990 10,010 9,985
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 13,485 7,175 6,305
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 8,060 4,550 3,510
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 4,980 2,625 2,355
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 2,435 1,570 865
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 3,995 2,945 1,040
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 1,360 960 395
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 825 595 230
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 1,815 1,395 415
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 117,055 56,365 60,690
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 31,015 12,970 18,050
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 86,035 43,395 42,640
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 73.5 77.0 70.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 11,240 5,470 5,775
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 8,730 3,810 4,920
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 15,030 7,035 7,995
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 11,410 5,440 5,970
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 10,230 4,910 5,325
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 8,635 4,475 4,155
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 6,355 3,565 2,790
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 4,180 2,325 1,855
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 3,420 1,785 1,630
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 6,795 4,580 2,225
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 2,240 1,205 1,030
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 1,240 805 435
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 3,320 2,565 760
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 29 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,434  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,861  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 30 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,607  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,071  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,078  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,702  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,712  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,073  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,468  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 21,050 9,545 11,505
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 31,890 34,483 29,801 27,886 29,448 26,731
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 28,959 30,746 27,495 25,260 26,181 24,551
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 139,685 67,895 71,790
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 82,130 38,970 43,160
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 14,010 6,555 7,455
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 18,400 8,230 10,170
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 16,875 8,095 8,780
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 16,630 8,135 8,495
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 16,215 7,960 8,255
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 57,555 28,925 28,630
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 15,765 7,885 7,880
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 14,160 7,130 7,035
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 11,940 5,970 5,970
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 9,550 4,840 4,715
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 6,140 3,100 3,035
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 139,090 67,610 71,480
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 27,505 14,040 13,465
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 8,435 4,385 4,055
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 85,800 41,555 44,240
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 25,780 12,010 13,775
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 23,460 10,585 12,870
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 5,980 3,015 2,965
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 2,030 1,025 1,000
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 12,380 5,625 6,755
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 5,100 1,945 3,155
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 16.9 15.7 18.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 21.7 21.5 22.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 24.1 23.4 24.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 14.4 13.5 15.3
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 19.8 16.2 22.9
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 8,730 4,215 4,515
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 2,045 1,045 1,000
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 670 335 340
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 6,210 2,995 3,220
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 480 180 300
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 6.3 6.2 6.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 7.4 7.4 7.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 7.9 7.6 8.4
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 7.2 7.2 7.3
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 1.9 1.5 2.2

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. Canada [Country] and Prince Edward Island [Province] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released September 13, 2017.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2017).

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