Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Nova Scotia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Nova Scotia

[Province]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 923,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 921,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 0.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 458,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,942.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 923,600 446,885 476,715
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 133,825 68,370 65,455
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 42,005 21,365 20,640
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 45,980 23,650 22,330
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 45,845 23,350 22,490
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 605,950 295,100 310,845
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 51,255 26,240 25,015
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 56,160 28,150 28,010
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 53,725 26,790 26,940
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 51,730 25,130 26,600
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 52,010 24,560 27,450
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 57,050 27,245 29,805
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 61,890 29,720 32,170
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 75,675 36,615 39,065
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 76,505 36,925 39,580
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 69,960 33,735 36,225
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 183,820 83,415 100,405
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 63,710 30,810 32,905
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 45,005 21,520 23,485
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 31,545 14,520 17,030
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 21,915 9,425 12,495
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 21,645 7,140 14,505
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 13,205 4,845 8,360
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 6,320 1,830 4,485
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 1,855 415 1,430
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 270 45 225
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 14.5 15.3 13.7
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 65.6 66.0 65.2
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 19.9 18.7 21.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 43.5 42.5 44.4
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 45.5 44.5 46.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 263,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 789,770 378,515 411,255
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 454,970 227,220 227,750
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 369,695 184,705 184,990
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 85,275 42,515 42,760
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 334,800 151,295 183,505
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 209,455 110,175 99,280
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 24,105 10,450 13,655
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 48,835 19,715 29,115
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 52,405 10,955 41,455
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 175,575 81,140 94,435
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 912,300 442,470 469,830
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 813,480 398,950 414,530
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 705 305 400
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 95,380 41,925 53,460
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 2,735 1,295 1,440
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 912,295 442,470 469,830
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 879,465 426,535 452,930
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 28,490 13,890 14,600
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 1,760 825 930
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 2,585 1,215 1,365
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 29,370 14,300 15,070
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 912,295 442,470 469,830
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 904,240 438,550 465,690
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 859,690 416,245 443,445
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 830,220 401,980 428,240
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 29,465 14,265 15,205
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 44,550 22,305 22,245
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 4,290 2,020 2,270
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 4,210 1,985 2,225
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 15 10 5
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 0 0 0
Moose Cree 100 50 55 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 0 0 0
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 5 5 0
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 4,190 1,975 2,215
Malecite 305 140 160 10 5 5
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 4,185 1,970 2,215
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 10 5 5
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 0 0 0
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 0 0 0
Chilcotin 660 295 360 0 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 5 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 0 0 0
Gwich'in 260 110 145 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 0
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 0 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 0 0 0
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 0 0 5
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 55 30 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 0 0 0
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 0 0 0
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 5 0 0
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 0 0 0
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 0 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 0 0 0
Dakota 1,215 570 635 0 0 0
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 0
Nisga'a 400 200 200 0 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 0
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 0 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 40,260 20,285 19,975
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 7,760 4,275 3,480
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 10 10 0
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 130 65 65
Bilen 805 455 350 5 0 0
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 60 30 25
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 50 20 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 15 5 5
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 7,615 4,205 3,415
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 115 50 65
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 7,110 3,950 3,165
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 0 0 5
Harari 1,320 635 685 0 0 0
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 210 115 95
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 15 10 5
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 140 65 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 10 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 505 245 260
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 5 5 5
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 490 240 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 2,235 940 1,300
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 5 5 5
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 150 60 90
Fijian 745 400 345 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 25 10 15
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 55 15 40
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 0 5 0
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 55 25 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 15 5 5
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 1,905 810 1,090
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 20 10 15
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 95 60 35
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 35 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 55 35 20
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 1,010 595 420
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 40 20 15
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 365 205 165
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 315 185 130
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 285 180 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 18,590 9,320 9,270
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 275 130 140
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 35 30 10
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 3,470 1,645 1,830
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 100 35 60
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 50 20 30
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 45 15 30
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 3,375 1,610 1,765
Belarusan 810 385 430 5 5 5
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 120 60 65
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 55 25 30
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 225 105 115
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 205 105 100
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 20 10 15
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 795 365 435
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 1,285 615 670
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 115 60 65
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 80 40 40
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 100 45 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 35 15 15
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 320 155 170
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 5 5 5
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 185 80 100
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 145 65 85
Welsh 1,075 495 575 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 10 5 5
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 5,700 2,800 2,900
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 120 55 60
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 160 105 60
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 1,620 815 805
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 35 20 15
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 3,435 1,645 1,790
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 45 20 20
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 110 60 50
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 110 45 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 25 10 10
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 20 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 20 5 15
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 760 390 365
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 4,835 2,650 2,190
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 3,385 1,895 1,490
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 475 290 185
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 195 125 70
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 745 445 300
Kashmiri 565 300 265 10 5 5
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 5 5 5
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 70 35 35
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 530 255 275
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 585 310 270
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 20 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 165 85 85
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 575 330 245
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 1,425 740 690
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 115 65 50
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 80 45 35
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 1,230 630 605
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 3,335 1,605 1,730
Catalan 865 440 425 10 5 5
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 745 400 340
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 520 245 270
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 225 110 120
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 1,830 840 985
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 0 5 0
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 360 100 260
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Georgian 1,715 910 805 5 0 0
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 1,095 475 620
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 5 5 5
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 630 325 305
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 40 25 25
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 15 5 5
Edo 1,670 770 900 5 0 5
Ewe 1,760 950 805 40 25 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 5 5 0
Ga 920 445 470 10 5 5
Ganda 1,295 625 665 20 5 15
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 45 20 20
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 20 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 50 15 30
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 30 15 15
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 135 65 70
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 10 10 0
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 65 35 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 140 75 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 75 40 40
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 55 25 25
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 190 90 100
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 85 40 50
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 105 50 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 6,665 3,335 3,330
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 6,635 3,320 3,315
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 1,145 535 610
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 20 5 15
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 4,640 2,325 2,315
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 120 50 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 50 30 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 645 365 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 30 15 20
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 15 5 10
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 0 0 0
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 155 55 100
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 10 0 5
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 150 50 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 445 240 205
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 10 10 5
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 305 165 140
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 5 5 5
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 110 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 10 10 0
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 415 180 235
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 40 20 25
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 95 30 60
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 275 130 150
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 25 10 15
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 8,060 3,920 4,140
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 3,445 1,600 1,850
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 4,180 2,110 2,070
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 225 115 105
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 210 90 120
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 912,300 442,470 469,830
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 900,755 436,755 464,000
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 878,015 425,220 452,795
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 863,550 418,315 445,240
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 14,460 6,910 7,560
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 22,740 11,540 11,205
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 2,570 1,285 1,295
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 2,565 1,280 1,285
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 0 0 0
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 0 0 0
Woods Cree 800 410 390 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 2,560 1,280 1,280
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 2,560 1,275 1,280
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 0 0 0
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 5 0 5
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 0 0 0
Dakota 255 140 120 0 0 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 20,170 10,255 9,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 4,630 2,450 2,180
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 0 0 0
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 85 40 45
Bilen 620 330 285 5 0 5
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 45 20 25
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 10 10 5
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 4,540 2,405 2,130
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 55 25 30
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 4,260 2,270 1,990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 0 5 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 0 0 0
Harari 735 335 400 5 0 0
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 125 70 55
Maltese 1,130 525 605 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 95 40 55
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 330 160 165
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 0 0 0
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 330 165 170
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 1,140 550 585
Bikol 290 140 155 0 0 0
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 55 20 35
Fijian 195 105 90 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 5 5 5
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 15 5 5
Malagasy 435 220 210 0 0 0
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 0 0 0
Pangasinan 240 110 135 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 1,065 520 545
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 0 0 0
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 35 20 20
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 25 10 15
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 425 240 185
Kannada 1,630 825 800 15 5 10
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 140 75 60
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 140 80 60
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 125 80 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 7,410 3,715 3,690
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 110 60 55
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 1,405 680 720
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 30 10 15
Latvian 1,255 530 725 10 5 10
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 15 5 10
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 1,375 675 700
Belarusan 230 105 120 0 0 0
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 65 30 30
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 25 15 10
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 65 25 40
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 45 25 20
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 0 0 0
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 235 105 125
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 785 385 390
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 30 15 10
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 20 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 0 0 0
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 55 30 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 5 5 0
Celtic languages 360 205 155 60 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 60 35 30
Welsh 95 50 45 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 5 0 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 1,490 725 760
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 30 15 15
Danish 855 410 445 15 0 15
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 135 70 70
Frisian 185 95 90 5 0 0
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 1,225 600 625
Icelandic 270 120 150 30 10 15
Norwegian 345 145 200 20 5 10
Swedish 1,045 500 545 15 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 5 5 5
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 15 5 10
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 270 135 130
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 2,815 1,475 1,335
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 1,850 995 860
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 250 135 115
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 100 60 35
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 310 190 120
Kashmiri 135 70 70 5 5 0
Konkani 720 355 370 0 0 0
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 30 15 15
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 475 235 240
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 250 125 125
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 95 45 50
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 340 175 165
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 960 475 480
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 85 50 40
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 45 20 20
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 825 405 420
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 0 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 1,240 595 645
Catalan 355 165 190 5 0 0
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 165 70 85
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 195 90 105
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 70 35 35
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 810 390 420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 5 0 0
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 110 35 70
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 0 0 0
Georgian 1,035 565 475 0 0 0
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 710 330 385
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 0 0 0
Mongolian 910 435 470 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 165 80 85
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 10 0 10
Bamanankan 340 180 160 0 0 0
Edo 415 175 240 0 0 0
Ewe 410 185 225 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 0 0 0
Ga 250 105 140 5 0 0
Ganda 345 160 185 5 0 5
Igbo 1,000 485 510 15 5 5
Lingala 1,045 455 590 0 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 15 10 10
Shona 1,035 475 560 0 0 0
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 60 30 35
Wolof 1,380 745 635 0 0 0
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 35 20 20
Dinka 1,130 580 550 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 25 10 15
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 285 145 140
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 110 55 60
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 175 90 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 4,550 2,345 2,200
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 4,545 2,345 2,200
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 640 335 310
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 5 0 0
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 3,410 1,740 1,675
Min Dong 345 150 195 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 45 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 415 235 180
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 5 0 5
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 0 0 0
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 0 0 0
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 55 20 35
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 0 0 0
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 55 15 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 215 110 105
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 5 5 0
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 140 70 75
Uyghur 610 315 290 0 0 0
Uzbek 990 505 490 70 40 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 0 5 0
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 75 35 40
Estonian 975 365 610 5 5 5
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 15 10 5
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 55 25 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 5 0 0
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 11,540 5,715 5,825
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 2,180 995 1,185
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 8,970 4,515 4,450
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 75 40 30
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 315 155 160
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 912,295 442,470 469,825
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 861,780 418,525 443,260
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 17,005 8,480 8,525
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 16,390 7,210 9,175
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 16,275 7,850 8,420
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 2,135 930 1,205
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 14,135 6,920 7,220
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 150 70 80
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 220 105 115
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 470 230 245
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 5 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 774,750 372,455 402,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 744,260 358,055 386,205
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 31,813 38,379 26,750
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 744,545 358,085 386,455
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 28,627 33,642 24,590
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 648,960 320,380 328,580
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 29,938 36,363 24,497
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 554,985 243,860 311,130
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 7,438 8,175 6,961
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 523,020 264,375 258,645
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 29,979 35,676 25,405
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 744,275 357,820 386,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 41,479 49,413 34,132
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 744,560 357,855 386,710
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 34,175 39,776 28,993
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 648,910 320,370 328,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 40,299 48,457 32,345
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 555,740 243,445 312,295
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 8,495 8,859 8,211
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 523,020 264,475 258,545
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 39,522 46,606 32,275
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 245,425 131,095 114,325
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 47,665 53,785 42,236
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 56,820 63,886 48,717
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 84.6 87.7 80.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 66.9 69.7 63.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 15.4 12.3 19.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 30,485 14,395 16,090
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 744,265 358,060 386,205
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.1 96.1 96.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 104,125 43,575 60,545
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 134,355 50,310 84,050
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 114,855 47,195 67,660
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 98,325 45,040 53,280
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 79,435 39,605 39,830
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 57,255 32,255 25,000
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 41,715 25,830 15,885
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 33,195 19,945 13,250
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 25,500 14,900 10,605
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 15,530 10,095 5,435
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 39,965 29,300 10,665
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 28,130 20,205 7,925
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 11,835 9,095 2,745
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 30,205 14,370 15,840
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 744,540 358,085 386,455
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.1 96.1 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 108,630 44,435 64,195
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 142,975 54,160 88,815
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 138,435 58,900 79,535
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 119,130 56,990 62,145
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 84,245 46,675 37,565
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 56,235 34,590 21,645
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 39,320 23,195 16,125
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 21,210 13,950 7,260
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 34,360 25,185 9,170
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 11,615 8,185 3,430
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 6,825 4,950 1,875
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 15,915 12,050 3,860
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 774,745 372,455 402,295
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 251,730 108,080 143,650
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 523,020 264,370 258,640
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 67.5 71.0 64.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 72,940 34,125 38,820
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 45,820 19,475 26,350
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 76,685 33,555 43,130
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 66,155 29,385 36,770
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 60,485 27,455 33,035
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 49,395 24,470 24,925
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 37,685 21,735 15,955
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 28,695 17,955 10,740
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 24,970 14,750 10,220
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 60,175 41,470 18,705
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 20,175 11,645 8,535
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 11,685 7,975 3,715
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 28,310 21,850 6,460
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,377  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,136  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,797  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,529  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,027  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,371  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,587  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 157,715 73,825 83,890
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 28,180 30,235 26,673
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 25,848 27,176 24,859
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 157,410 73,440 83,970
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 36,847 38,945 35,012
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 30,893 31,946 29,973
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 908,340 440,700 467,640
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 519,830 244,725 275,105
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 105,810 49,730 56,080
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 112,825 49,900 62,920
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 102,515 48,345 54,175
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 100,645 48,515 52,130
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 98,030 48,235 49,800
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 388,510 195,975 192,540
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 94,350 47,240 47,110
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 89,765 45,260 44,505
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 83,140 41,815 41,330
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 69,850 35,450 34,400
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 51,410 26,210 25,195
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 898,345 435,895 462,450
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 159,820 81,670 78,150
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 49,595 25,280 24,310
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 565,395 274,120 291,275
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 173,125 80,100 93,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 154,955 70,415 84,540
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 35,525 18,145 17,380
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 12,740 6,470 6,275
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 88,355 40,375 47,985
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 31,075 11,890 19,185
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 17.2 16.2 18.3
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 25.7 25.6 25.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 15.6 14.7 16.5
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 17.9 14.8 20.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 70,745 34,290 36,460
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 15,285 7,805 7,485
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 5,645 2,870 2,775
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 52,220 25,185 27,030
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 3,240 1,295 1,945
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 7.9 7.9 7.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 9.6 9.6 9.6
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 11.4 11.4 11.4
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 9.2 9.2 9.3
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 1.9 1.6 2.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 908,340 440,730 467,605
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 905,700 439,525 466,180
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 905,020 439,215 465,805
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 95,740 42,150 53,585
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 64,100 31,380 32,725
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 5,645 2,685 2,960
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 5,575 2,635 2,935
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 20 15 10
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 0 0 0
Moose Cree 195 80 115 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 10 0 0
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 10 10 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 5,550 2,625 2,920
Malecite 755 370 390 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 5,540 2,625 2,920
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 10 0 10
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 0 0 0
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 15 15 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 10 10 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 0 0 0
Beaver 340 180 165 0 0 0
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 0 0 0
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 0 0 0
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 0 10 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 0 0 0
Gwich'in 360 165 200 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 0 0 0
Sekani 185 85 100 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 0 0 10
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 0 0 0
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 0 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 0 0 0
Tahltan 270 140 130 10 10 0
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 0 0 0
Haida 465 205 260 0 0 0
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 35 25 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 0 0 0
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 30 15 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 10 10 0
Cayuga 125 40 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 10 10 0
Oneida 180 60 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 0 0 0
Kutenai 175 95 80 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 585 625 10 0 10
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 10 0 0
Comox 185 75 110 0 0 0
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 0 0 0
Lillooet 790 405 385 0 0 0
Okanagan 820 370 450 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 0 0 0
Squamish 285 125 155 0 0 0
Straits 360 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 10 10 0
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 0 0 0
Dakota 1,760 870 890 0 0 0
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 0 0 0
Tlingit 260 140 120 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 0 0 0
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 0 0 0
Tsimshian 410 180 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 0 0 0
Haisla 175 65 110 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 58,490 28,715 29,770
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 10,730 5,745 4,985
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 25 15 15
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 25 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 155 65 95
Bilen 1,085 625 470 20 15 10
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 40 15 20
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 75 25 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 20 10 10
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 10,635 5,715 4,925
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 260 135 120
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 9,685 5,185 4,500
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 10 10 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 0 0 0
Harari 1,710 855 860 0 0 0
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 630 370 260
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 25 0 25
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 140 65 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 40 20 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 575 260 310
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 15 0 10
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 555 255 300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 3,035 1,275 1,760
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 10 0 10
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 185 80 100
Fijian 1,660 955 705 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 45 20 30
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 70 20 55
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 10 0 0
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 80 25 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 10 10 0
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 2,835 1,195 1,635
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585 2,540 3,040 35 15 20
Creole languages 155,615 70,545 85,070 360 185 175
Haitian Creole 6,850 3,140 3,710 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 133,045 59,890 73,160 120 60 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 16,635 7,955 8,675 210 115 100
Dravidian languages 250,180 126,220 123,960 1,365 785 580
Kannada 8,245 4,180 4,065 75 45 35
Malayalam 37,810 19,410 18,400 560 310 250
Tamil 189,860 94,640 95,220 450 260 190
Telugu 23,160 12,770 10,390 350 215 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 790 385 405 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 870 435 435 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555 30,820 15,070 15,755
Albanian 31,930 16,140 15,790 405 185 215
Armenian 41,295 19,980 21,315 80 45 30
Balto-Slavic languages 817,315 384,960 432,350 4,095 1,935 2,160
Baltic languages 14,675 6,470 8,205 110 35 80
Latvian 6,500 2,960 3,540 50 15 35
Lithuanian 8,185 3,510 4,675 55 15 40
Slavic languages 805,915 379,965 425,945 4,010 1,910 2,105
Belarusan 2,265 1,070 1,195 10 0 10
Bosnian 18,265 9,055 9,215 145 60 80
Bulgarian 22,425 10,920 11,505 75 35 35
Croatian 69,840 34,515 35,325 275 105 165
Czech 28,720 13,675 15,050 210 95 110
Macedonian 23,075 11,190 11,880 90 55 30
Polish 214,965 99,365 115,600 900 410 490
Russian 269,645 127,055 142,595 1,945 970 970
Serbian 73,775 37,040 36,740 180 85 95
Serbo-Croatian 11,275 5,525 5,750 115 70 50
Slovak 21,470 10,215 11,255 145 70 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 11,495 5,205 6,290 35 10 20
Ukrainian 132,115 58,820 73,300 425 180 245
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,000 1,590 1,405 0 0 0
Celtic languages 9,165 4,705 4,455 1,070 495 580
Scottish Gaelic 3,980 2,010 1,975 910 400 505
Welsh 1,690 830 860 35 25 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 3,590 1,915 1,680 155 80 75
Germanic languages 695,535 337,215 358,320 9,225 4,490 4,740
Afrikaans 23,410 11,795 11,610 320 140 175
Danish 15,745 7,320 8,425 235 125 110
Dutch 120,865 57,885 62,990 2,105 935 1,165
Frisian 2,910 1,515 1,395 60 30 30
German 502,730 245,745 256,985 6,335 3,180 3,155
Icelandic 1,780 830 945 100 40 60
Norwegian 8,120 3,860 4,260 150 105 40
Swedish 14,140 6,510 7,635 245 115 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 4,400 1,945 2,455 20 10 15
Yiddish 20,985 10,435 10,550 30 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 8,710 4,425 4,285 125 45 85
Greek 150,965 75,510 75,455 1,315 670 645
Indo-Iranian languages 1,658,220 840,850 817,365 6,535 3,635 2,900
Indo-Aryan languages 1,387,805 704,370 683,435 4,935 2,790 2,140
Bengali 91,220 46,935 44,285 625 350 275
Gujarati 149,045 74,765 74,285 240 150 90
Hindi 433,365 221,665 211,700 2,270 1,300 975
Kashmiri 905 490 420 15 0 10
Konkani 6,790 3,185 3,605 15 15 0
Marathi 15,570 8,200 7,365 135 85 45
Nepali 21,380 10,915 10,470 620 315 305
Oriya (Odia) 1,535 755 775 20 10 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 668,240 341,450 326,790 1,010 570 445
Sindhi 20,260 9,310 10,945 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 27,825 13,970 13,855 245 125 120
Urdu 322,220 164,685 157,535 1,090 660 425
Iranian languages 281,715 142,030 139,680 1,625 865 755
Kurdish 15,290 8,290 7,000 185 110 75
Pashto 23,180 12,465 10,715 85 55 30
Persian (Farsi) 252,320 126,565 125,755 1,385 725 660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,875 4,715 4,155 75 40 35
Italic (Romance) languages 1,897,630 898,530 999,100 9,365 4,270 5,100
Catalan 2,035 1,145 890 15 10 10
Italian 574,725 278,500 296,225 1,665 845 820
Portuguese 295,955 144,465 151,485 910 480 430
Romanian 115,050 55,275 59,770 240 140 105
Spanish 995,255 460,250 535,010 6,990 3,020 3,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,680 1,610 1,075 70 55 20
Japanese 83,090 36,760 46,335 865 335 530
Kartvelian languages 2,150 1,075 1,075 0 0 0
Georgian 2,150 1,080 1,070 0 10 0
Korean 172,755 80,170 92,590 1,530 685 850
Mongolic languages 2,090 960 1,130 10 0 10
Mongolian 2,090 960 1,130 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 177,215 88,135 89,080 1,340 715 620
Akan (Twi) 22,145 10,810 11,340 65 40 30
Bamanankan 3,190 1,660 1,530 10 10 10
Edo 3,220 1,510 1,705 10 10 0
Ewe 3,000 1,685 1,315 80 50 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 4,725 2,460 2,260 10 10 0
Ga 2,250 1,140 1,110 30 15 20
Ganda 2,495 1,175 1,320 60 15 40
Igbo 8,850 4,710 4,140 70 45 30
Lingala 17,010 7,865 9,145 30 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,590 4,075 4,515 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,860 3,600 4,260 130 65 65
Shona 5,425 2,530 2,905 65 40 35
Swahili 38,680 19,565 19,115 370 200 175
Wolof 8,240 4,455 3,785 35 15 20
Yoruba 22,420 11,475 10,940 250 125 125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40,760 20,375 20,385 300 175 130
Nilo-Saharan languages 7,015 3,520 3,495 50 30 20
Dinka 2,475 1,280 1,190 0 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 4,555 2,240 2,315 45 30 10
Sign languages 48,115 18,985 29,130 1,605 555 1,045
American Sign Language 21,930 7,780 14,155 795 235 555
Quebec Sign Language 4,665 1,665 3,005 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 22,275 9,835 12,440 815 325 495
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430,440 672,100 758,340 7,135 3,615 3,515
Chinese languages 1,413,110 663,465 749,640 7,115 3,610 3,500
Cantonese 699,125 325,840 373,285 1,555 730 820
Hakka 12,445 5,555 6,890 45 25 25
Mandarin 814,450 377,635 436,815 5,435 2,720 2,710
Min Dong 1,045 440 600 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 42,840 19,005 23,835 195 75 120
Wu (Shanghainese) 16,530 7,490 9,040 60 35 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,690 19,995 21,690 575 340 245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 590 250 340 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 18,270 9,100 9,175 20 10 15
Burmese 4,995 2,490 2,500 0 0 0
Karenic languages 4,895 2,425 2,475 0 0 0
Tibetan 7,050 3,555 3,490 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,160 1,220 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 30,400 13,210 17,195 240 110 130
Lao 17,235 8,240 8,990 20 0 10
Thai 15,390 5,875 9,520 220 100 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60,530 31,585 28,945 620 320 300
Azerbaijani 5,450 2,885 2,565 20 20 0
Turkish 50,775 26,605 24,165 480 225 255
Uyghur 1,385 685 700 15 0 10
Uzbek 2,465 1,230 1,235 105 60 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,870 905 965 10 10 0
Uralic languages 94,810 44,270 50,545 430 200 230
Estonian 6,070 2,750 3,315 50 25 20
Finnish 17,595 7,540 10,050 120 55 70
Hungarian 71,285 34,005 37,280 255 115 140
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 10 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 9,730 5,375 4,355 75 40 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 908,340 440,735 467,605
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 878,415 425,340 453,070
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 159,440 81,575 77,870
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 718,970 343,770 375,200
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 29,930 15,395 14,535
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 908,340 440,730 467,605
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 842,760 407,740 435,015
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 55,675 27,270 28,405
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 19,200 9,335 9,865
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 4,800 2,330 2,470
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 6,705 3,140 3,560
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 13,185 6,540 6,645
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 5,105 2,500 2,600
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 8,080 4,035 4,045
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 11,790 5,925 5,865
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 9,900 5,720 4,185
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 55,675 27,270 28,410
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 7,280 3,495 3,785
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 10,445 5,240 5,205
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 10,170 4,670 5,500
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 22,980 11,315 11,660
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 4,800 2,550 2,250
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 55,680 27,270 28,410
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 10,610 4,830 5,780
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 175 75 100
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 175 90 85
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 95 50 45
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 170 85 90
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 55 30 30
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 480 210 275
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 325 155 175
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 105 35 75
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 220 120 100
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 7,375 3,320 4,055
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 1,430 675 750
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 22,110 11,195 10,920
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 210 115 100
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 180 75 105
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 610 330 280
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 2,600 1,270 1,330
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 505 270 235
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 110 40 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 475 225 255
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 525 310 215
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 1,645 790 855
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 630 265 365
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 220 140 80
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 180 100 80
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 585 270 315
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 90 45 45
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 335 145 195
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 11,275 5,815 5,460
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 1,930 985 945
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 3,525 1,855 1,675
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 25 15 15
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 770 395 370
Ethiopia 32,790 15,980 16,810 185 105 85
Kenya 27,150 12,810 14,340 125 75 50
Morocco 69,655 36,120 33,535 80 50 30
Nigeria 42,430 21,830 20,600 350 185 165
Somalia 27,230 12,070 15,160 65 30 35
South Africa, Republic of 44,660 22,205 22,460 460 205 250
Other places of birth in Africa 264,320 133,450 130,870 1,465 790 675
Asia 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175 18,955 9,100 9,855
Afghanistan 51,955 26,030 25,930 100 40 60
Bangladesh 58,735 29,875 28,865 315 180 135
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 649,260 290,800 358,460 2,830 1,140 1,685
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 208,940 98,020 110,915 280 130 155
India 668,565 334,030 334,540 2,225 1,190 1,040