Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and New Brunswick [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 10 5 5
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 0 0 0
Moose Cree 100 50 55 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 0 0 0
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 0 0 0
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 305 140 160 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 10 5 5
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 0 0 0
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 0 0 0
Chilcotin 660 295 360 0 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 0 0 0
Gwich'in 260 110 145 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 0
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 0 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 5 0 5
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 0 0 0
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 0 0 0
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 0 0 0
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 0 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 0 0 0
Dakota 1,215 570 635 0 0 0
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 0
Nisga'a 400 200 200 0 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 0
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 40 25 15
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 30 15 20
Bilen 805 455 350 0 0 0
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 5 5 5
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 0 0 0
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 65 35 25
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 0 0 0
Harari 1,320 635 685 0 0 0
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 170 90 80
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 0 0 5
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 10 5 10
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 1,375 510 865
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 5 0 5
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 105 35 65
Fijian 745 400 345 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 15 5 10
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 50 15 35
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 15 5 10
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 5 0 5
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 15 5 10
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 285 155 130
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 20 15 10
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 40 15 20
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 105 60 50
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 50 25 25
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 55 30 30
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 25 10 10
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 35 15 15
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 810 385 430 5 5 0
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 50 25 25
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 20 10 10
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 75 35 40
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 55 25 25
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 15 10 5
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 230 105 125
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 880 440 435
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 35 15 20
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 15 10 10
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 0 0 0
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 15 5 10
Welsh 1,075 495 575 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 0 5 0
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 50 30 25
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 125 55 75
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 885 470 410
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 35 25 10
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 5 0 0
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 40 25 20
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 20 10 10
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 5 0 0
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 1,175 655 525
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 205 120 85
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 75 40 30
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 225 135 95
Kashmiri 565 300 265 0 0 0
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 10 5 5
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 50 20 25
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 125 75 50
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 30 15 15
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 240 140 100
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 655 355 305
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 55 30 25
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 865 440 425 5 5 0
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 400 225 175
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 260 130 130
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 485 250 240
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 5 0 0
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Georgian 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 5 5 0
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 25 10 10
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 60 35 25
Edo 1,670 770 900 0 0 0
Ewe 1,760 950 805 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 40 30 15
Ga 920 445 470 5 5 5
Ganda 1,295 625 665 10 0 0
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 30 20 10
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 40 20 20
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 20 10 10
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 135 65 70
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 25 20 10
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 5 0 0
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 5 0 0
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 145 75 70
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 440 225 210
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 20 10 10
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 30 15 15
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 0 0 5
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 25 15 10
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 60 15 50
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 5 0 0
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 5 5 5
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 75 50 30
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 10 5 5
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 250 115 135
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 20 5 10
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 45 15 30
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 25 10 10
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 820 395 420
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 0 5 0
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 0 0 0
Woods Cree 800 410 390 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 815 395 420
Malecite 55 30 30 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 0 0 0
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 5 0 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 0 0 0
Dakota 255 140 120 0 0 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 0 0 0
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 20 10 10
Bilen 620 330 285 0 0 0
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 0 0 0
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 0 0 0
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 20 10 10
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 0 0 0
Harari 735 335 400 0 0 0
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 130 60 70
Maltese 1,130 525 605 0 0 5
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 5 5 0
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 510 235 270
Bikol 290 140 155 0 0 0
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 40 15 25
Fijian 195 105 90 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 0 0 0
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 0 0 0
Malagasy 435 220 210 5 0 5
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 0 0 0
Pangasinan 240 110 135 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 0 0 5
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 110 60 45
Kannada 1,630 825 800 5 0 0
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 20 5 10
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 35 20 20
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 30 15 10
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 975 505 470
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 35 20 15
Latvian 1,255 530 725 10 5 5
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 25 15 10
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 935 480 455
Belarusan 230 105 120 0 0 0
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 25 15 10
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 5 5 0
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 25 10 15
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 5 0 5
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 0 0 0
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 55 25 30
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 620 320 305
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 5 5 5
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 0 0 0
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 0 0 0
Celtic languages 360 205 155 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 5 0 5
Welsh 95 50 45 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 0 0 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 640 320 320
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 35 15 20
Danish 855 410 445 5 5 5
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 150 80 75
Frisian 185 95 90 5 0 5
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 425 215 210
Icelandic 270 120 150 0 0 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 5 0 5
Swedish 1,045 500 545 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 10 5 5
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 0 0 0
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 655 335 325
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 130 70 60
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 40 15 20
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 115 60 50
Kashmiri 135 70 70 0 0 0
Konkani 720 355 370 5 5 0
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 20 10 10
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 50 25 25
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 5 5 5
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 140 75 70
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 470 255 220
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 35 25 10
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 1,305 705 600
Catalan 355 165 190 5 5 0
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 85 40 45
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 110 50 60
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 290 145 140
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 0 0 0
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 0 0 0
Georgian 1,035 565 475 0 0 0
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 5 0 0
Mongolian 910 435 470 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 10 5 10
Bamanankan 340 180 160 20 15 5
Edo 415 175 240 0 0 0
Ewe 410 185 225 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 10 10 5
Ga 250 105 140 5 0 0
Ganda 345 160 185 0 0 0
Igbo 1,000 485 510 5 5 0
Lingala 1,045 455 590 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 10 5 5
Shona 1,035 475 560 5 0 5
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 80 35 45
Wolof 1,380 745 635 5 5 0
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 0 0 0
Dinka 1,130 580 550 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 0 0 0
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 200 115 85
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 260 130 130
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 5 0 0
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 345 150 195 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 25 15 10
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 5 0 0
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 20 10 10
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 10 0 5
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 0 0 0
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 0 0 0
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 25 15 5
Uyghur 610 315 290 0 0 0
Uzbek 990 505 490 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 0 0 0
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 70 35 40
Estonian 975 365 610 5 0 0
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 5 5 5
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 180 90 90
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 300 160 145
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 10 0 10
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 0 0 0
Moose Cree 195 80 115 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 0 0 10
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 755 370 390 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 15 15 0
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 0 10 0
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 0 0 0
Beaver 340 180 165 0 0 0
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 0 0 0
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 0 0 0
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 0 0 0
Gwich'in 360 165 200 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 0 0 0
Sekani 185 85 100 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 0 0 0
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 0 0 0
Tahltan 270 140 130 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 0 0 0
Haida 465 205 260 0 0 0
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 0 0 0
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 10 0 10
Cayuga 125 40 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 10 0 10
Oneida 180 60 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 0 0 0
Kutenai 175 95 80 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 585 625 10 10 0
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 0 10 0
Comox 185 75 110 0 0 0
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 0 0 0
Lillooet 790 405 385 0 0 0
Okanagan 820 370 450 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 0 0 0
Squamish 285 125 155 0 0 0
Straits 360 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 0 0 0
Dakota 1,760 870 890 0 0 0
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 0 0 0
Tlingit 260 140 120 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 0 0 0
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 0 0 0
Tsimshian 410 180 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 0 0 0
Haisla 175 65 110 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 80 40 35
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 15 10 0
Bilen 1,085 625 470 0 0 0
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 0 0 0
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 0 0 0
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 165 100 65
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 0 0 0
Harari 1,710 855 860 0 0 0
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 435 205 230
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 0 10 0
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 10 0 0
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 10 0 10
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 185 70 115
Fijian 1,660 955 705 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 35 10 30
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 50 10 45
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 25 10 15
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 0 0 0
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585 2,540 3,040 20 15 0
Creole languages 155,615 70,545 85,070 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 6,850 3,140 3,710 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 133,045 59,890 73,160 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 16,635 7,955 8,675 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 250,180 126,220 123,960 435 245 195
Kannada 8,245 4,180 4,065 60 30 25
Malayalam 37,810 19,410 18,400 55 35 25
Tamil 189,860 94,640 95,220 190 115 75
Telugu 23,160 12,770 10,390 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 790 385 405 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 870 435 435 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 31,930 16,140 15,790 80 45 35
Armenian 41,295 19,980 21,315 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 817,315 384,960 432,350 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 14,675 6,470 8,205 55 40 20
Latvian 6,500 2,960 3,540 20 10 10
Lithuanian 8,185 3,510 4,675 30 20 10
Slavic languages 805,915 379,965 425,945 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 2,265 1,070 1,195 10 0 0
Bosnian 18,265 9,055 9,215 75 40 40
Bulgarian 22,425 10,920 11,505 45 15 35
Croatian 69,840 34,515 35,325 95 45 55
Czech 28,720 13,675 15,050 115 65 45
Macedonian 23,075 11,190 11,880 35 25 10
Polish 214,965 99,365 115,600 320 165 160
Russian 269,645 127,055 142,595 1,200 630 570
Serbian 73,775 37,040 36,740 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 11,275 5,525 5,750 40 30 10
Slovak 21,470 10,215 11,255 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 11,495 5,205 6,290 15 10 0
Ukrainian 132,115 58,820 73,300 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,000 1,590 1,405 10 10 10
Celtic languages 9,165 4,705 4,455 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 3,980 2,010 1,975 95 20 75
Welsh 1,690 830 860 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 3,590 1,915 1,680 40 20 20
Germanic languages 695,535 337,215 358,320 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 23,410 11,795 11,610 130 70 60
Danish 15,745 7,320 8,425 155 60 95
Dutch 120,865 57,885 62,990 1,185 560 625
Frisian 2,910 1,515 1,395 50 40 15
German 502,730 245,745 256,985 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 1,780 830 945 10 10 0
Norwegian 8,120 3,860 4,260 130 65 65
Swedish 14,140 6,510 7,635 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 4,400 1,945 2,455 40 20 25
Yiddish 20,985 10,435 10,550 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 8,710 4,425 4,285 0 0 0
Greek 150,965 75,510 75,455 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 1,658,220 840,850 817,365 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 1,387,805 704,370 683,435 1,570 875 695
Bengali 91,220 46,935 44,285 225 150 80
Gujarati 149,045 74,765 74,285 110 45 65
Hindi 433,365 221,665 211,700 790 430 355
Kashmiri 905 490 420 0 0 0
Konkani 6,790 3,185 3,605 0 0 0
Marathi 15,570 8,200 7,365 55 20 30
Nepali 21,380 10,915 10,470 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 1,535 755 775 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 668,240 341,450 326,790 205 130 75
Sindhi 20,260 9,310 10,945 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 27,825 13,970 13,855 35 10 20
Urdu 322,220 164,685 157,535 355 215 140
Iranian languages 281,715 142,030 139,680 805 430 375
Kurdish 15,290 8,290 7,000 130 65 60
Pashto 23,180 12,465 10,715 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 252,320 126,565 125,755 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,875 4,715 4,155 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,897,630 898,530 999,100 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 2,035 1,145 890 15 10 0
Italian 574,725 278,500 296,225 825 405 420
Portuguese 295,955 144,465 151,485 450 250 200
Romanian 115,050 55,275 59,770 555 290 265
Spanish 995,255 460,250 535,010 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,680 1,610 1,075 10 0 10
Japanese 83,090 36,760 46,335 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 2,150 1,075 1,075 0 0 0
Georgian 2,150 1,080 1,070 0 0 0
Korean 172,755 80,170 92,590 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 2,090 960 1,130 10 10 10
Mongolian 2,090 960 1,130 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 177,215 88,135 89,080 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 22,145 10,810 11,340 35 15 25
Bamanankan 3,190 1,660 1,530 155 70 85
Edo 3,220 1,510 1,705 0 0 0
Ewe 3,000 1,685 1,315 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 4,725 2,460 2,260 100 85 15
Ga 2,250 1,140 1,110 10 10 0
Ganda 2,495 1,175 1,320 10 10 0
Igbo 8,850 4,710 4,140 60 50 15
Lingala 17,010 7,865 9,145 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,590 4,075 4,515 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,860 3,600 4,260 70 40 30
Shona 5,425 2,530 2,905 40 15 25
Swahili 38,680 19,565 19,115 355 185 170
Wolof 8,240 4,455 3,785 70 45 25
Yoruba 22,420 11,475 10,940 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40,760 20,375 20,385 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 7,015 3,520 3,495 10 0 0
Dinka 2,475 1,280 1,190 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 4,555 2,240 2,315 0 0 0
Sign languages 48,115 18,985 29,130 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 21,930 7,780 14,155 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 4,665 1,665 3,005 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 22,275 9,835 12,440 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430,440 672,100 758,340 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 1,413,110 663,465 749,640 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 699,125 325,840 373,285 610 285 320
Hakka 12,445 5,555 6,890 0 0 0
Mandarin 814,450 377,635 436,815 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 1,045 440 600 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 42,840 19,005 23,835 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 16,530 7,490 9,040 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,690 19,995 21,690 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 590 250 340 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 18,270 9,100 9,175 70 30 40
Burmese 4,995 2,490 2,500 0 0 0
Karenic languages 4,895 2,425 2,475 65 25 45
Tibetan 7,050 3,555 3,490 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,160 1,220 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 30,400 13,210 17,195 85 20 65
Lao 17,235 8,240 8,990 10 0 10
Thai 15,390 5,875 9,520 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60,530 31,585 28,945 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 5,450 2,885 2,565 0 0 0
Turkish 50,775 26,605 24,165 165 105 60
Uyghur 1,385 685 700 0 0 0
Uzbek 2,465 1,230 1,235 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,870 905 965 10 0 10
Uralic languages 94,810 44,270 50,545 270 130 140
Estonian 6,070 2,750 3,315 20 15 0
Finnish 17,595 7,540 10,050 35 15 20
Hungarian 71,285 34,005 37,280 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 9,730 5,375 4,355 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 55 20 30
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 215 85 130
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 115 85 30
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 80 40 45
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 170 70 100
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 120 85 40
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 160 50 110
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 715 355 360
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 100 55 50
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 60 35 25
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 760 425 340
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 1,615 740 880
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 95 60 40
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 160 75 85
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 210 125 85
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 975 505 465
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 195 90 100
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 130 85 45
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 485 245 240
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 30 25 10
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 970 455 515
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 165 90 75
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 120 75 45
Ethiopia 32,790 15,980 16,810 120 65 60
Kenya 27,150 12,810 14,340 60 30 30
Morocco 69,655 36,120 33,535 200 120 75
Nigeria 42,430 21,830 20,600 115 65 50
Somalia 27,230 12,070 15,160 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 44,660 22,205 22,460 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 264,320 133,450