Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,164,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,903,001  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,858,943  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,663  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,356,625.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,602,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 188,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 265,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,154,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,175,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,227,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 426,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 212,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,965,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by marital status - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,257,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,204,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 466,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 412,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 174,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,257,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,878,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,128,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 749,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 379,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 284,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,878,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 970,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 907,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 356,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 384,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 166,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 379,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 234,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,197,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 947,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,250,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,304,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,175,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 100 50 55 0 5 0
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 135 55 80
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 5 5 0
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 485 225 260
Malecite 305 140 160 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 0 0 0
Chilcotin 660 295 360 0 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 0 0 0
Gwich'in 260 110 145 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 5 0 0
Sekani 90 45 45 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 0 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 5 0 0
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 375 165 210
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 365 160 210
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 5 5 5
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 5 5 0
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 5 0 0
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 0 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 5 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 0 0 0
Dakota 1,215 570 635 0 0 0
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 0
Nisga'a 400 200 200 0 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 0
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 1,125 545 580
Bilen 805 455 350 10 10 5
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 15 10 5
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 30 20 10
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 745 340 405
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 15 10 5
Harari 1,320 635 685 0 5 5
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 25 10 15
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 115 35 80
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 885 270 610
Fijian 745 400 345 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 410 125 275
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 1,250 590 660
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 205 90 110
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 320 140 180
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 240 130 110
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 440 235 205
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 850 335 515
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 290 120 175
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 555 215 340
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 810 385 430 80 45 35
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 205 105 95
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 1,805 865 940
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 755 350 405
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 175 90 85
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 20 15 10
Welsh 1,075 495 575 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 90 55 30
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 125 60 65
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 395 190 200
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 10 10 0
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 65 30 35
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 200 100 100
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 540 240 300
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 175 100 75
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 565 300 265 20 15 5
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 110 60 55
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 255 145 110
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 645 310 330
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 985 550 430
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 865 440 425 320 170 150
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 125 75 50
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 170 80 85
Georgian 1,715 910 805 170 80 90
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 190 75 115
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 1,200 655 545
Edo 1,670 770 900 75 45 30
Ewe 1,760 950 805 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 920 445 470 80 40 40
Ganda 1,295 625 665 35 15 20
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 120 70 50
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 85 45 40
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 345 180 165
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 335 170 165
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 470 215 260
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 1,075 465 605
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 345 175 170
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 80 30 50
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 70 40 30
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 10 5 10
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 290 160 130
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 205 100 105
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 185 80 105
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 195 75 120
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 360 125 240
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 685 385 300
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 10 5 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 60 30 30
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 5 5 5
Woods Cree 800 410 390 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 220 115 110
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 370 170 200
Algonquin 370 170 200 360 165 195
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 5 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 70 35 35
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 70 35 30
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 0 0 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 5 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 0 0 0
Dakota 255 140 120 0 0 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 535 240 295
Bilen 620 330 285 5 0 5
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 5 0 0
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 5 5 5
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 340 150 185
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 10 0 5
Harari 735 335 400 5 0 5
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 1,705 880 825
Maltese 1,130 525 605 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 290 140 155 15 5 10
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 230 100 125
Fijian 195 105 90 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 130 55 75
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 740 305 435
Malagasy 435 220 210 360 185 170
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 60 30 30
Pangasinan 240 110 135 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 75 35 35
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 1,630 825 800 150 85 65
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 200 100 100
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 1,615 795 820
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 190 80 105
Latvian 1,255 530 725 75 40 40
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 115 40 70
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 230 105 120 25 15 15
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 965 475 495
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 1,015 475 545
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 460 220 240
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 130 65 65
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 960 470 490
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 225 95 135
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 40 15 25
Celtic languages 360 205 155 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 5 5 0
Welsh 95 50 45 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 15 15 5
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 15 10 10
Danish 855 410 445 50 25 25
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 375 170 205
Frisian 185 95 90 0 0 0
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 270 120 150 30 15 20
Norwegian 345 145 200 20 5 10
Swedish 1,045 500 545 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 70 35 40
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 10 5 5
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 135 70 70 5 0 0
Konkani 720 355 370 30 15 15
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 80 40 40
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 365 185 180
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 510 280 235
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 355 165 190 110 50 60
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 35 20 15
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 70 35 35
Georgian 1,035 565 475 70 40 35
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 145 70 75
Mongolian 910 435 470 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 445 215 235
Bamanankan 340 180 160 265 135 125
Edo 415 175 240 10 5 5
Ewe 410 185 225 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 530 255 280
Ga 250 105 140 15 5 10
Ganda 345 160 185 5 5 5
Igbo 1,000 485 510 15 10 10
Lingala 1,045 455 590 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 530 225 305
Shona 1,035 475 560 20 10 10
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 1,100 535 565
Wolof 1,380 745 635 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 135 70 65
Dinka 1,130 580 550 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 130 65 65
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 155 75 80
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 345 150 195 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 780 355 420
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 215 115 100
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 35 15 20
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 65 40 30
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 100 50 55
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 610 315 290 140 75 70
Uzbek 990 505 490 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 65 30 35
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 975 365 610 30 10 20
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 50 20 30
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 150 90 60
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 31,263 35,627 27,219
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 22 100 100 100 100 100 100
Market income (%)Census data footnote 23 88.3 91.6 83.7 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 24 72.0 75.2 67.7 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 25 11.7 8.4 16.3 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 26 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 29 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,822  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,175,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,574  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,469  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,356,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 30 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 180,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 184,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 313,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 273,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 208,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 860,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 327,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 204,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 231,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 225,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 256,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 208,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 166,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 545,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,261,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,152  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 930,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,224  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 911,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,246  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,844  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 364,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,708  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 31,890 34,483 29,801 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 28,959 30,746 27,495 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 6.6 4.9 8.0

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. Canada [Country] and Quebec [Province] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released September 13, 2017.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2017).

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