Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 5 5 5
Moose Cree 100 50 55 85 40 45
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 55 25 30
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 355 135 225
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 90 40 50
Malecite 305 140 160 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 65 30 35
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 5 0 5
Chilcotin 660 295 360 5 0 5
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 5 5 5
Gwich'in 260 110 145 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 10 0 5
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 0 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 5 0 5
Haida 75 35 40 0 5 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 5 5 5
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 710 300 410
Cayuga 45 20 20 40 20 20
Mohawk 980 430 555 590 255 335
Oneida 55 20 40 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 20 5 15
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 25 15 15
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 5 0 5
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 5 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 10 5 5
Dakota 1,215 570 635 5 5 5
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 10 5 5
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 5
Nisga'a 400 200 200 5 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 5
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 725 405 320
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 805 455 350 250 140 110
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 1,445 720 730
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 225 115 110
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 1,320 635 685 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 595 260 330
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 745 400 345 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 100 45 55
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 810 385 430 515 230 280
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 450 210 240
Welsh 1,075 495 575 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 225 120 110
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 1,240 630 620
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 210 100 110
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 940 405 540
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 170 80 85
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 565 300 265 345 170 175
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 865 440 425 285 150 135
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 420 200 215
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 1,200 635 565
Georgian 1,715 910 805 1,200 635 565
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 405 180 220
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 140 60 80
Edo 1,670 770 900 1,140 475 670
Ewe 1,760 950 805 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 365 180 185
Ga 920 445 470 600 275 325
Ganda 1,295 625 665 760 360 400
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 1,330 545 785
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 1,455 660 790
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 290 145 150
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 1,610 810 800
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 25 10 15
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 515 255 260
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 640 295 345
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 5 5 5
Moose Cree 10 5 5 10 10 5
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 20 10 15
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 105 50 55
Woods Cree 800 410 390 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 5 5 5
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 370 170 200 5 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 5 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 5
Gwich'in 45 25 25 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 5 5 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 5 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 5
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 210 90 120
Cayuga 10 0 5 5 5 5
Mohawk 255 115 140 185 80 100
Oneida 15 5 10 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 5 5 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 5 0 5
Dakota 255 140 120 5 5 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 5
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 345 175 170
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 620 330 285 170 80 85
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 805 380 425
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 110 50 65
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 735 335 400 555 250 305
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 1,130 525 605 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 290 140 155 90 35 55
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 195 105 90 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 910 385 530
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 435 220 210 35 15 20
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 445 200 250
Pangasinan 240 110 135 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 380 175 200
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 1,630 825 800 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 1,255 530 725 860 350 515
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 230 105 120 175 80 90
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 355 160 190
Celtic languages 360 205 155 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 60 30 25
Welsh 95 50 45 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 35 20 15
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 755 365 390
Danish 855 410 445 280 135 150
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 185 95 90 90 45 45
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 270 120 150 45 20 30
Norwegian 345 145 200 70 30 40
Swedish 1,045 500 545 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 145 60 85
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 655 315 340
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 135 70 70 65 30 35
Konkani 720 355 370 540 260 280
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 355 165 190 135 60 75
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 110 50 60
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 770 420 355
Georgian 1,035 565 475 775 420 355
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 225 115 110
Mongolian 910 435 470 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 340 180 160 25 15 15
Edo 415 175 240 305 120 180
Ewe 410 185 225 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 110 55 55
Ga 250 105 140 175 80 100
Ganda 345 160 185 195 85 110
Igbo 1,000 485 510 540 265 275
Lingala 1,045 455 590 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 420 160 260
Shona 1,035 475 560 455 210 245
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 1,380 745 635 130 65 65
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 550 260 290
Dinka 1,130 580 550 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 425 195 225
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 345 150 195 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 10 5 10
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 770 385 380
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 610 315 290 290 150 140
Uzbek 990 505 490 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 250 130 120
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 975 365 610 790 290 500
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 465 245 225
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 10 0 10
Moose Cree 195 80 115 145 70 75
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 65 25 45
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 605 255 350
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 180 95 85
Malecite 755 370 390 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 205 95 105
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 10 0 0
Beaver 340 180 165 0 0 0
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 10 0 10
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 10 0 10
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 10 0 10
Gwich'in 360 165 200 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 0 0 0
Sekani 185 85 100 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 0 0 0
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 0 0 0
Tahltan 270 140 130 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 0 0 0
Haida 465 205 260 0 0 0
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 10 0 10
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 125 40 85 120 35 85
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 1,625 710 915
Oneida 180 60 125 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 50 25 25
Kutenai 175 95 80 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 585 625 180 65 110
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 10 0 10
Comox 185 75 110 0 0 0
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 0 0 0
Lillooet 790 405 385 0 0 0
Okanagan 820 370 450 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 0 0 0
Squamish 285 125 155 0 0 0
Straits 360 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 10 0 10
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 40 10 30
Dakota 1,760 870 890 20 10 10
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 20 0 15
Tlingit 260 140 120 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 10 0 10
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 0 0 0
Tsimshian 410 180 235 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 10 10 0
Haisla 175 65 110 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 925 505 415
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 1,085 625 470 355 200 160
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 370 170 205
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 1,710 855 860 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 755 340 425
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 1,660 955 705 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 215 115 100
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585 2,540 3,040 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 155,615 70,545 85,070 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 6,850 3,140 3,710 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 133,045 59,890 73,160 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 16,635 7,955 8,675 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 250,180 126,220 123,960 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 8,245 4,180 4,065 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 37,810 19,410 18,400 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 189,860 94,640 95,220 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 23,160 12,770 10,390 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 790 385 405 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 870 435 435 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 31,930 16,140 15,790 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 41,295 19,980 21,315 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 817,315 384,960 432,350 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 14,675 6,470 8,205 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 6,500 2,960 3,540 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 8,185 3,510 4,675 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 805,915 379,965 425,945 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 2,265 1,070 1,195 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 18,265 9,055 9,215 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 22,425 10,920 11,505 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 69,840 34,515 35,325 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 28,720 13,675 15,050 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 23,075 11,190 11,880 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 214,965 99,365 115,600 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 269,645 127,055 142,595 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 73,775 37,040 36,740 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 11,275 5,525 5,750 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 21,470 10,215 11,255 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 11,495 5,205 6,290 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 132,115 58,820 73,300 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,000 1,590 1,405 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 9,165 4,705 4,455 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 3,980 2,010 1,975 1,480 720 765
Welsh 1,690 830 860 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 3,590 1,915 1,680 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 695,535 337,215 358,320 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 23,410 11,795 11,610 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 15,745 7,320 8,425 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 120,865 57,885 62,990 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 2,910 1,515 1,395 1,655 820 835
German 502,730 245,745 256,985 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 1,780 830 945 285 130 155
Norwegian 8,120 3,860 4,260 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 14,140 6,510 7,635 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 4,400 1,945 2,455 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 20,985 10,435 10,550 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 8,710 4,425 4,285 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 150,965 75,510 75,455 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 1,658,220 840,850 817,365 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 1,387,805 704,370 683,435 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 91,220 46,935 44,285 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 149,045 74,765 74,285 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 433,365 221,665 211,700 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 905 490 420 600 300 300
Konkani 6,790 3,185 3,605 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 15,570 8,200 7,365 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 21,380 10,915 10,470 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 1,535 755 775 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 668,240 341,450 326,790 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 20,260 9,310 10,945 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 27,825 13,970 13,855 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 322,220 164,685 157,535 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 281,715 142,030 139,680 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 15,290 8,290 7,000 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 23,180 12,465 10,715 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 252,320 126,565 125,755 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,875 4,715 4,155 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 1,897,630 898,530 999,100 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 2,035 1,145 890 515 275 240
Italian 574,725 278,500 296,225 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 295,955 144,465 151,485 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 115,050 55,275 59,770 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 995,255 460,250 535,010 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,680 1,610 1,075 1,355 745 605
Japanese 83,090 36,760 46,335 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 2,150 1,075 1,075 1,555 775 780
Georgian 2,150 1,080 1,070 1,555 770 785
Korean 172,755 80,170 92,590 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 2,090 960 1,130 515 225 285
Mongolian 2,090 960 1,130 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 177,215 88,135 89,080 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 22,145 10,810 11,340 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 3,190 1,660 1,530 385 195 185
Edo 3,220 1,510 1,705 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 3,000 1,685 1,315 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 4,725 2,460 2,260 700 320 375
Ga 2,250 1,140 1,110 1,340 645 695
Ganda 2,495 1,175 1,320 1,225 550 675
Igbo 8,850 4,710 4,140 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 17,010 7,865 9,145 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,590 4,075 4,515 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,860 3,600 4,260 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 5,425 2,530 2,905 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 38,680 19,565 19,115 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 8,240 4,455 3,785 730 355 375
Yoruba 22,420 11,475 10,940 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40,760 20,375 20,385 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 7,015 3,520 3,495 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 2,475 1,280 1,190 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 4,555 2,240 2,315 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 48,115 18,985 29,130 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 21,930 7,780 14,155 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 4,665 1,665 3,005 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 22,275 9,835 12,440 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430,440 672,100 758,340 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 1,413,110 663,465 749,640 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 699,125 325,840 373,285 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 12,445 5,555 6,890 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 814,450 377,635 436,815 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 1,045 440 600 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 42,840 19,005 23,835 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 16,530 7,490 9,040 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,690 19,995 21,690 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 590 250 340 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 18,270 9,100 9,175 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 4,995 2,490 2,500 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 4,895 2,425 2,475 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 7,050 3,555 3,490 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,160 1,220 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 30,400 13,210 17,195 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 17,235 8,240 8,990 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 15,390 5,875 9,520 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 30 10 20
Turkic languages 60,530 31,585 28,945 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 5,450 2,885 2,565 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 50,775 26,605 24,165 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 1,385 685 700 700 350 345
Uzbek 2,465 1,230 1,235 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,870 905 965 915 450 465
Uralic languages 94,810 44,270 50,545 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 6,070 2,750 3,315 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 17,595 7,540 10,050 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 71,285 34,005 37,280 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 9,730 5,375 4,355 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 32,790 15,980 16,810 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 27,150 12,810 14,340 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 69,655 36,120 33,535 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 42,430 21,830 20,600 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 27,230 12,070 15,160 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 44,660 22,205 22,460 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 264,320 133,450 130,870