Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by marital status - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 5 5 5
Moose Cree 100 50 55 85 40 45
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 55 25 30
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 355 135 225
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 90 40 50
Malecite 305 140 160 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 65 30 35
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 5 0 5
Chilcotin 660 295 360 5 0 5
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 5 5 5
Gwich'in 260 110 145 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 10 0 5
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 0 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 5 0 5
Haida 75 35 40 0 5 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 5 5 5
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 710 300 410
Cayuga 45 20 20 40 20 20
Mohawk 980 430 555 590 255 335
Oneida 55 20 40 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 20 5 15
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 25 15 15
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 5 0 5
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 5 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 10 5 5
Dakota 1,215 570 635 5 5 5
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 10 5 5
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 5
Nisga'a 400 200 200 5 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 5
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 725 405 320
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 805 455 350 250 140 110
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 1,445 720 730
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 225 115 110
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 1,320 635 685 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 595 260 330
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 745 400 345 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 100 45 55
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 810 385 430 515 230 280
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 450 210 240
Welsh 1,075 495 575 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 225 120 110
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 1,240 630 620
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 210 100 110
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 940 405 540
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 170 80 85
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 565 300 265 345 170 175
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 865 440 425 285 150 135
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 420 200 215
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 1,200 635 565
Georgian 1,715 910 805 1,200 635 565
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 405 180 220
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 140 60 80
Edo 1,670 770 900 1,140 475 670
Ewe 1,760 950 805 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 365 180 185
Ga 920 445 470 600 275 325
Ganda 1,295 625 665 760 360 400
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 1,330 545 785
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 1,455 660 790
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 290 145 150
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 1,610 810 800
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 25 10 15
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 515 255 260
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 640 295 345
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 5 5 5
Moose Cree 10 5 5 10 10 5
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 20 10 15
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 105 50 55
Woods Cree 800 410 390 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 5 5 5
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 370 170 200 5 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 5 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 5
Gwich'in 45 25 25 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 5 5 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 5 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 5
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 210 90 120
Cayuga 10 0 5 5 5 5
Mohawk 255 115 140 185 80 100
Oneida 15 5 10 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 5 5 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 5 0 5
Dakota 255 140 120 5 5 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 5
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 345 175 170
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 620 330 285 170 80 85
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 805 380 425
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 110 50 65
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 735 335 400 555 250 305
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 1,130 525 605 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 290 140 155 90 35 55
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 195 105 90 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 910 385 530
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 435 220 210 35 15 20
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 445 200 250
Pangasinan 240 110 135 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 380 175 200
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 1,630 825 800 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 1,255 530 725 860 350 515
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 230 105 120 175 80 90
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 355 160 190
Celtic languages 360 205 155 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 60 30 25
Welsh 95 50 45 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 35 20 15
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 755 365 390
Danish 855 410 445 280 135 150
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 185 95 90 90 45 45
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 270 120 150 45 20 30
Norwegian 345 145 200 70 30 40
Swedish 1,045 500 545 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 145 60 85
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 655 315 340
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 135 70 70 65 30 35
Konkani 720 355 370 540 260 280
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 355 165 190 135 60 75
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 110 50 60
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 770 420 355
Georgian 1,035 565 475 775 420 355
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 225 115 110
Mongolian 910 435 470 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 340 180 160 25 15 15
Edo 415 175 240 305 120 180
Ewe 410 185 225 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 110 55 55
Ga 250 105 140 175 80 100
Ganda 345 160 185 195 85 110
Igbo 1,000 485 510 540 265 275
Lingala 1,045 455 590 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 420 160 260
Shona 1,035 475 560 455 210 245
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 1,380 745 635 130 65 65
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 550 260 290
Dinka 1,130 580 550 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 425 195 225
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 345 150 195 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 10 5 10
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 770 385 380
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 610 315 290 290 150 140
Uzbek 990 505 490 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 250 130 120
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 975 365 610 790 290 500
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 465 245 225
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 33,946 39,490 29,413
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 22 100 100 100 100 100 100
Market income (%)Census data footnote 23 88.3 91.6 83.7 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 24 72.0 75.2 67.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 25 11.7 8.4 16.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 26 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 29 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 30 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 31,890 34,483 29,801 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 28,959 30,746 27,495 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 5.1 4.2 5.8

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. Canada [Country] and Ontario [Province] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released September 13, 2017.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 20, 2017).

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