Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,278,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,208,268  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 552,370.99  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 331,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 164,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,240,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 242,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 323,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 1,485 680 800
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 5 0 0
Moose Cree 100 50 55 0 0 5
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 30 5 20
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 745 305 440
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 10 5 5
Malecite 305 140 160 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 0 0 0
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 0 0 0
Chilcotin 660 295 360 0 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 0 0 0
Gwich'in 260 110 145 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 0
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 0 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 5 0 5
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 5 0 0
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 0 0 5
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 5 0 0
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 80 40 40
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 0 0 0
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 0 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 630 305 330
Dakota 1,215 570 635 630 305 325
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 0 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 0
Nisga'a 400 200 200 0 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 5 0 0
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 40 25 15
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 1,750 875 875
Bilen 805 455 350 155 85 70
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 345 175 170
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 10 10 0
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 1,770 885 885
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 0 0 0
Harari 1,320 635 685 0 0 0
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 545 320 225
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 40 20 25
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 280 135 145
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 175 80 95
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 1,245 565 675
Fijian 745 400 345 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 390 170 220
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 0 0 5
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 655 315 340
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 150 70 85
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 1,565 825 735
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 95 50 40
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 790 410 380
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 480 255 230
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 350 170 180
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 165 65 95
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 80 35 45
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 85 35 45
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 810 385 430 40 20 25
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 575 285 290
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 140 70 65
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 1,030 505 530
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 615 310 310
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 145 70 75
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 240 110 130
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 270 130 140
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 75 40 30
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 50 25 20
Welsh 1,075 495 575 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 10 10 0
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 420 220 205
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 280 145 135
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 55 30 25
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 475 210 260
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 115 45 65
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 310 125 180
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 25 10 10
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 565 300 265 5 5 5
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 35 20 15
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 135 80 50
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 670 345 320
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 415 210 200
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 865 440 425 0 0 5
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 645 310 335
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 15 5 10
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 15 10 10
Georgian 1,715 910 805 15 5 5
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 20 5 15
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 150 90 65
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 75 25 45
Edo 1,670 770 900 40 20 15
Ewe 1,760 950 805 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 65 35 30
Ga 920 445 470 15 10 5
Ganda 1,295 625 665 50 20 30
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 280 155 130
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 250 125 120
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 110 50 60
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 870 420 455
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 75 50 25
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 395 215 180
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 225 125 100
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 440 230 210
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 55 30 25
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 575 295 285
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 85 50 30
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 430 215 220
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 1,120 525 595
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 875 445 430
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 5 0 0
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 30 20 15
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 210 120 95
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 10 5 10
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 40 25 20
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 1,440 655 790
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 30 10 15
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 225 85 135
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 155 85 70
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 10 5 0
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 120 45 75
Woods Cree 800 410 390 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 0 0 0
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 5 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 5
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 10 5 10
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 35 25 10
Dakota 255 140 120 35 25 10
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 20 15 5
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 1,185 550 630
Bilen 620 330 285 120 65 55
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 210 95 115
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 5 10 0
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 1,045 520 525
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 0 0 0
Harari 735 335 400 0 0 0
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 355 195 160
Maltese 1,130 525 605 10 5 5
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 125 55 70
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 290 140 155 30 15 15
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 495 250 245
Fijian 195 105 90 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 125 55 75
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 390 190 200
Malagasy 435 220 210 0 0 0
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 245 120 130
Pangasinan 240 110 135 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 30 15 15
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 800 400 400
Kannada 1,630 825 800 45 25 25
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 405 195 205
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 240 120 120
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 155 80 75
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 25 10 15
Latvian 1,255 530 725 15 5 5
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 10 5 5
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 230 105 120 0 5 0
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 285 145 140
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 65 30 30
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 320 145 180
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 115 55 60
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 85 35 45
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 90 40 50
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 55 20 30
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 10 5 5
Celtic languages 360 205 155 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 5 5 0
Welsh 95 50 45 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 0 0 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 200 100 100
Danish 855 410 445 10 5 5
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 270 135 130
Frisian 185 95 90 10 5 5
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 270 120 150 35 15 20
Norwegian 345 145 200 10 5 5
Swedish 1,045 500 545 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 15 5 10
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 465 240 225
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 690 390 305
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 135 70 70 0 0 0
Konkani 720 355 370 10 5 5
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 40 25 20
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 360 190 170
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 275 135 140
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 355 165 190 0 0 0
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 235 110 125
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 0 0 0
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 10 5 0
Georgian 1,035 565 475 10 5 5
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 5 0 5
Mongolian 910 435 470 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 45 30 20
Bamanankan 340 180 160 15 5 5
Edo 415 175 240 5 5 0
Ewe 410 185 225 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 35 15 15
Ga 250 105 140 5 0 0
Ganda 345 160 185 5 0 0
Igbo 1,000 485 510 75 40 35
Lingala 1,045 455 590 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 105 55 50
Shona 1,035 475 560 10 5 10
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 500 240 265
Wolof 1,380 745 635 25 20 10
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 130 60 70
Dinka 1,130 580 550 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 55 30 25
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 560 310 255
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 25 10 15
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 345 150 195 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 465 235 225
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 55 30 25
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 370 190 180
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 535 250 280
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 430 210 220
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 10 5 10
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 65 35 35
Uyghur 610 315 290 0 0 0
Uzbek 990 505 490 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 25 10 15
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 305 140 165
Estonian 975 365 610 0 0 0
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 35 15 15
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 40 25 20
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 305 150 150
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,147  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,093  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,532  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,154  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,044  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,902  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,583  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,743  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 0 0 0
Moose Cree 195 80 115 0 0 10
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 85 25 55
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 10 10 0
Malecite 755 370 390 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 10 0 0
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 0 0 0
Beaver 340 180 165 0 0 0
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 0 0 0
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 0 0 0
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 0 0 0
Gwich'in 360 165 200 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 0 0 0
Sekani 185 85 100 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 0 0 0
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 0 0 0
Tahltan 270 140 130 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 10 10 0
Haida 465 205 260 0 0 0
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 10 10 0
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 15 10 10
Cayuga 125 40 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 15 10 10
Oneida 180 60 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 0 0 10
Kutenai 175 95 80 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 585 625 210 115 95
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 0 0 10
Comox 185 75 110 0 0 0
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 10 0 10
Lillooet 790 405 385 0 0 0
Okanagan 820 370 450 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 0 0 0
Squamish 285 125 155 0 0 0
Straits 360 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 760 365 395
Dakota 1,760 870 890 760 360 400
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 0 10 0
Tlingit 260 140 120 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 0 0 0
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 0 0 0
Tsimshian 410 180 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 10 0 10
Haisla 175 65 110 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 85 50 40
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 1,085 625 470 210 120 85
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 535 275 260
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 15 15 10
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 10 0 0
Harari 1,710 855 860 0 10 0
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 65 30 35
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 335 185 150
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 225 100 125
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 1,615 805 810
Fijian 1,660 955 705 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 425 180 245
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 0 0 0
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 945 415 530
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585 2,540 3,040 200 80 120
Creole languages 155,615 70,545 85,070 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 6,850 3,140 3,710 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 133,045 59,890 73,160 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 16,635 7,955 8,675 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 250,180 126,220 123,960 1,840 945 895
Kannada 8,245 4,180 4,065 175 95 80
Malayalam 37,810 19,410 18,400 830 400 430
Tamil 189,860 94,640 95,220 655 330 325
Telugu 23,160 12,770 10,390 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 790 385 405 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 870 435 435 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 31,930 16,140 15,790 390 195 195
Armenian 41,295 19,980 21,315 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 817,315 384,960 432,350 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 14,675 6,470 8,205 230 90 140
Latvian 6,500 2,960 3,540 115 45 70
Lithuanian 8,185 3,510 4,675 120 50 65
Slavic languages 805,915 379,965 425,945 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 2,265 1,070 1,195 65 25 45
Bosnian 18,265 9,055 9,215 835 405 430
Bulgarian 22,425 10,920 11,505 155 95 60
Croatian 69,840 34,515 35,325 1,595 765 825
Czech 28,720 13,675 15,050 735 335 395
Macedonian 23,075 11,190 11,880 140 75 60
Polish 214,965 99,365 115,600 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 269,645 127,055 142,595 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 73,775 37,040 36,740 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 11,275 5,525 5,750 190 75 115
Slovak 21,470 10,215 11,255 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 11,495 5,205 6,290 275 100 175
Ukrainian 132,115 58,820 73,300 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,000 1,590 1,405 70 35 30
Celtic languages 9,165 4,705 4,455 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 3,980 2,010 1,975 90 65 25
Welsh 1,690 830 860 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 3,590 1,915 1,680 45 15 25
Germanic languages 695,535 337,215 358,320 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 23,410 11,795 11,610 715 330 385
Danish 15,745 7,320 8,425 270 120 150
Dutch 120,865 57,885 62,990 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 2,910 1,515 1,395 90 65 30
German 502,730 245,745 256,985 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 1,780 830 945 560 225 335
Norwegian 8,120 3,860 4,260 290 115 175
Swedish 14,140 6,510 7,635 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 4,400 1,945 2,455 270 120 155
Yiddish 20,985 10,435 10,550 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 8,710 4,425 4,285 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 150,965 75,510 75,455 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 1,658,220 840,850 817,365 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 1,387,805 704,370 683,435 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 91,220 46,935 44,285 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 149,045 74,765 74,285 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 433,365 221,665 211,700 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 905 490 420 20 15 10
Konkani 6,790 3,185 3,605 40 30 10
Marathi 15,570 8,200 7,365 275 170 105
Nepali 21,380 10,915 10,470 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 1,535 755 775 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 668,240 341,450 326,790 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 20,260 9,310 10,945 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 27,825 13,970 13,855 920 500 420
Urdu 322,220 164,685 157,535 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 281,715 142,030 139,680 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 15,290 8,290 7,000 600 295 305
Pashto 23,180 12,465 10,715 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 252,320 126,565 125,755 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,875 4,715 4,155 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 1,897,630 898,530 999,100 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 2,035 1,145 890 15 10 10
Italian 574,725 278,500 296,225 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 295,955 144,465 151,485 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 115,050 55,275 59,770 785 395 390
Spanish 995,255 460,250 535,010 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,680 1,610 1,075 60 45 15
Japanese 83,090 36,760 46,335 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 2,150 1,075 1,075 10 0 15
Georgian 2,150 1,080 1,070 15 0 15
Korean 172,755 80,170 92,590 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 2,090 960 1,130 55 20 35
Mongolian 2,090 960 1,130 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 177,215 88,135 89,080 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 22,145 10,810 11,340 260 165 95
Bamanankan 3,190 1,660 1,530 160 95 65
Edo 3,220 1,510 1,705 95 60 30
Ewe 3,000 1,685 1,315 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 4,725 2,460 2,260 50 25 25
Ga 2,250 1,140 1,110 30 10 15
Ganda 2,495 1,175 1,320 230 110 120
Igbo 8,850 4,710 4,140 665 345 325
Lingala 17,010 7,865 9,145 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,590 4,075 4,515 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,860 3,600 4,260 305 155 155
Shona 5,425 2,530 2,905 250 110 140
Swahili 38,680 19,565 19,115 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 8,240 4,455 3,785 150 85 70
Yoruba 22,420 11,475 10,940 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40,760 20,375 20,385 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 7,015 3,520 3,495 410 225 185
Dinka 2,475 1,280 1,190 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 4,555 2,240 2,315 225 120 105
Sign languages 48,115 18,985 29,130 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 21,930 7,780 14,155 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 4,665 1,665 3,005 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 22,275 9,835 12,440 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430,440 672,100 758,340 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 1,413,110 663,465 749,640 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 699,125 325,840 373,285 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 12,445 5,555 6,890 50 30 20
Mandarin 814,450 377,635 436,815 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 1,045 440 600 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 42,840 19,005 23,835 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 16,530 7,490 9,040 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,690 19,995 21,690 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 590 250 340 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 18,270 9,100 9,175 675 310 370
Burmese 4,995 2,490 2,500 185 115 70
Karenic languages 4,895 2,425 2,475 465 200 265
Tibetan 7,050 3,555 3,490 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,160 1,220 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 30,400 13,210 17,195 1,565 730 835
Lao 17,235 8,240 8,990 1,120 520 600
Thai 15,390 5,875 9,520 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 10 10 0
Turkic languages 60,530 31,585 28,945 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 5,450 2,885 2,565 50 25 30
Turkish 50,775 26,605 24,165 365 180 185
Uyghur 1,385 685 700 30 15 10
Uzbek 2,465 1,230 1,235 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,870 905 965 45 15 30
Uralic languages 94,810 44,270 50,545 1,550 730 815
Estonian 6,070 2,750 3,315 45 20 25
Finnish 17,595 7,540 10,050 265 105 160
Hungarian 71,285 34,005 37,280 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 9,730 5,375 4,355 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 435 170 265
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 1,135 515 620
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 155 75 80
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 1,810 835 970
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 1,055 530 525
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 975 445 535
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 795 425 365
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 820 445 375
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 650 310 340
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 720 345 375
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 355 175 175
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 115 60 55
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 980 525 455
Ethiopia 32,790 15,980 16,810 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 27,150 12,810 14,340 935 470 465
Morocco 69,655 36,120 33,535 250 140 110
Nigeria 42,430 21,830 20,600 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 27,230 12,070 15,160 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 44,660 22,205 22,460 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 264,320 133,450 130,870 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175 120,230 58,215 62,015