Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Saskatchewan [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Saskatchewan

[Province]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,098,352  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,033,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 495,582  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 588,243.54  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 1,098,350 545,785 552,565
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 215,685 110,410 105,275
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 73,130 37,335 35,795
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 74,460 38,155 36,305
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 68,095 34,920 33,175
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 712,240 358,110 354,130
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 67,660 34,675 32,980
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 70,060 36,075 33,985
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 77,525 39,290 38,235
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 77,520 38,610 38,915
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 71,590 35,940 35,650
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 64,950 32,515 32,440
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 63,580 31,780 31,795
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 75,245 37,230 38,015
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 76,195 38,070 38,125
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 67,915 33,935 33,985
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 170,425 77,265 93,160
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 53,230 26,285 26,945
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 37,740 18,225 19,510
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 29,400 13,415 15,985
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 23,115 9,945 13,170
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 26,940 9,395 17,550
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 16,280 6,305 9,975
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 8,000 2,515 5,485
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 2,290 520 1,760
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 375 50 325
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 19.6 20.2 19.1
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 64.8 65.6 64.1
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 15.5 14.2 16.9
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.5 1.7 3.2
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 39.1 38.2 40.0
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 37.8 36.9 38.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 314,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 153,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,070,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 882,670 435,375 447,290
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 520,430 261,075 259,355
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 437,875 219,800 218,075
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 82,550 41,270 41,280
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 362,240 174,310 187,930
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 242,070 133,750 108,325
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 19,795 8,945 10,855
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 47,180 20,985 26,200
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 53,190 10,635 42,555
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 187,765 95,550 92,210
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 285,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 1,023,400 511,940 511,460
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 535 255 280
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 51,360 23,290 28,065
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 7,945 3,620 4,325
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 1,060,225 528,155 532,075
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 13,555 6,590 6,960
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 1,770 890 885
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 7,685 3,475 4,220
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 14,435 7,035 7,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 1,064,675 530,145 534,530
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 907,715 452,955 454,760
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 892,615 445,635 446,985
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 15,100 7,320 7,775
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 156,960 77,195 79,770
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 28,340 13,685 14,660
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 19,965 9,640 10,325
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 19,015 9,190 9,825
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 0 0 0
Moose Cree 100 50 55 5 0 0
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 5 0 0
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 30 15 10
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 2,080 975 1,105
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 5 5 5
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 250 115 135
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 780 370 410
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 15,860 7,710 8,155
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 5 0 5
Malecite 305 140 160 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 5 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 935 445 490
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 0 0 0
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 925 440 485
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 7,860 3,800 4,060
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 7,860 3,805 4,055
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 0 0 0
Chilcotin 660 295 360 0 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 7,855 3,800 4,055
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 0 0 0
Gwich'in 260 110 145 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 0
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 0 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 5 0 0
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 35 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 5 5 0
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 20 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 5 0 5
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 0 0 5
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 235 110 125
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 5 5 0
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 5 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 5 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 230 110 120
Dakota 1,215 570 635 195 85 105
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 35 20 15
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 0
Nisga'a 400 200 200 5 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 5 5 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 0
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 128,620 63,510 65,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 6,770 3,560 3,215
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 10 5 0
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 10 5 0
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 1,050 505 545
Bilen 805 455 350 55 25 30
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 195 100 90
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 775 355 415
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 25 15 10
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 5,685 3,035 2,650
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 290 140 155
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 4,040 2,200 1,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 305 160 145
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 150 75 75
Harari 1,320 635 685 5 0 0
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 75 45 30
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 10 5 5
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 680 340 340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 130 65 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 25 15 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 2,560 1,250 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 135 70 70
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 2,420 1,180 1,235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 23,415 11,130 12,280
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 85 40 40
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 1,545 685 855
Fijian 745 400 345 25 20 5
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 255 120 140
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 790 370 415
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 0 0 0
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 125 55 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 175 80 95
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 40 15 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 20,045 9,590 10,455
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 60 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 265 125 140
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 220 105 120
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 150 70 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 65 30 35
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 1,560 865 700
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 60 35 30
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 850 455 395
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 350 200 150
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 285 165 120
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 10 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 73,170 36,230 36,930
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 380 190 190
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 70 40 30
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 18,460 8,490 9,970
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 175 85 90
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 100 45 50
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 75 40 35
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 18,285 8,400 9,885
Belarusan 810 385 430 0 0 0
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 225 110 120
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 65 35 30
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 455 240 220
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 235 115 125
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 55 30 30
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 1,865 850 1,015
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 3,045 1,460 1,580
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 465 235 225
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 120 60 65
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 115 60 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 80 40 45
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 11,270 5,035 6,230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 290 145 145
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 60 30 30
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 10 5 5
Welsh 1,075 495 575 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 25 10 5
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 24,455 11,710 12,745
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 880 450 430
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 255 145 110
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 1,385 685 700
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 30 20 10
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 21,320 10,150 11,170
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 55 20 25
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 310 140 165
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 60 25 35
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 5 5 0
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 935 490 445
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 22,335 12,065 10,270
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 19,995 10,780 9,210
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 2,795 1,495 1,300
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 2,510 1,420 1,090
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 1,545 880 665
Kashmiri 565 300 265 20 10 10
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 35 15 10
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 140 80 55
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 770 400 370
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 25 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 5,250 2,890 2,360
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 120 65 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 270 130 135
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 6,520 3,380 3,135
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 2,065 1,130 940
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 145 80 65
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 555 315 235
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 1,370 735 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 275 155 120
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 6,470 3,225 3,250
Catalan 865 440 425 5 0 0
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 705 365 340
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 615 265 350
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 850 425 430
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 4,290 2,165 2,125
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 10 5 5
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 320 100 220
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 5 5 5
Georgian 1,715 910 805 5 0 5
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 1,670 800 865
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 40 20 25
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 40 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 2,310 1,235 1,075
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 190 115 75
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 0 0 5
Edo 1,670 770 900 35 20 15
Ewe 1,760 950 805 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 25 15 5
Ga 920 445 470 20 15 5
Ganda 1,295 625 665 35 15 20
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 215 125 90
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 30 20 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 145 85 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 115 55 60
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 90 55 40
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 425 220 205
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 20 10 10
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 465 240 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 430 220 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 335 195 140
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 115 70 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 220 120 100
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 200 100 100
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 65 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 135 70 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 13,500 6,700 6,795
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 12,460 6,165 6,290
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 3,775 1,830 1,950
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 35 20 15
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 7,230 3,600 3,630
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 210 110 100
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 60 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 1,135 570 565
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 1,040 530 505
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 180 115 65
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 810 395 415
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 35 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 525 235 290
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 345 175 170
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 180 55 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 360 185 175
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 25 10 10
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 290 155 130
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 5 0 5
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 30 5 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 15 10 10
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 1,555 735 820
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 20 10 10
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 205 85 120
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 1,330 650 685
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 100 55 45
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 18,560 8,955 9,605
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 2,045 985 1,060
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 15,925 7,675 8,245
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 315 150 165
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 280 145 135
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 1,049,130 522,390 526,740
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 968,625 481,845 486,780
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 964,640 479,915 484,730
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 3,985 1,930 2,050
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 80,505 40,540 39,960
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 16,605 8,355 8,245
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 10,145 5,185 4,960
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 10,000 5,105 4,895
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 1,195 580 610
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 95 40 55
Woods Cree 800 410 390 180 100 85
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 8,525 4,380 4,145
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 0 0 0
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 140 75 65
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 145 80 70
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 6,360 3,130 3,235
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 6,365 3,130 3,230
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 6,360 3,130 3,230
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 45 20 25
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 50 25 20
Dakota 255 140 120 35 15 10
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 15 5 10
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 63,905 32,185 31,720
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 4,625 2,340 2,290
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 0 0 0
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 720 335 380
Bilen 620 330 285 30 15 15
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 140 75 70
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 530 245 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 15 5 5
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 3,900 1,995 1,905
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 150 75 70
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 2,890 1,500 1,390
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 225 105 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 115 60 55
Harari 735 335 400 0 0 0
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 25 10 15
Maltese 1,130 525 605 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 430 205 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 70 40 30
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 1,740 850 895
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 40 20 25
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 1,700 830 865
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 12,515 6,210 6,300
Bikol 290 140 155 15 5 10
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 580 280 295
Fijian 195 105 90 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 110 60 50
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 240 115 120
Malagasy 435 220 210 0 0 0
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 35 20 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 70 35 35
Pangasinan 240 110 135 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 11,345 5,630 5,715
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 95 50 45
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 95 35 65
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 65 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 35 10 20
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 845 440 410
Kannada 1,630 825 800 20 10 10
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 525 265 260
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 155 90 65
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 145 75 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 31,235 15,915 15,325
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 205 100 100
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 45 25 20
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 5,170 2,560 2,610
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 80 35 45
Latvian 1,255 530 725 40 20 20
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 40 15 25
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 5,090 2,525 2,560
Belarusan 230 105 120 0 0 0
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 85 45 40
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 35 20 15
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 170 85 85
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 30 20 15
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 35 15 15
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 480 220 255
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 1,725 875 840
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 270 140 130
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 45 20 25
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 5 5 0
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 2,010 985 1,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 170 80 90
Celtic languages 360 205 155 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 5 0 5
Welsh 95 50 45 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 0 5 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 8,110 3,990 4,120
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 530 275 250
Danish 855 410 445 10 5 0
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 200 110 95
Frisian 185 95 90 5 0 0
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 7,290 3,565 3,725
Icelandic 270 120 150 0 0 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 10 5 10
Swedish 1,045 500 545 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 0 0 5
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 45 25 20
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 395 190 205
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 14,385 7,560 6,825
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 12,960 6,820 6,140
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 1,915 980 930
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 1,585 865 720
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 880 490 390
Kashmiri 135 70 70 5 0 0
Konkani 720 355 370 10 5 5
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 55 30 30
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 570 290 275
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 3,485 1,885 1,605
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 55 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 140 70 70
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 4,265 2,180 2,080
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 1,280 660 615
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 65 40 30
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 345 185 160
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 865 435 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 150 80 65
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 2,920 1,480 1,435
Catalan 355 165 190 0 0 0
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 155 80 75
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 220 100 115
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 315 165 150
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 2,220 1,130 1,085
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 10 0 5
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 120 45 75
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 0 0 0
Georgian 1,035 565 475 0 0 0
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 1,180 590 595
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 25 10 10
Mongolian 910 435 470 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 735 350 380
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 55 30 25
Bamanankan 340 180 160 0 0 0
Edo 415 175 240 10 0 5
Ewe 410 185 225 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 20 10 10
Ga 250 105 140 0 0 0
Ganda 345 160 185 10 5 5
Igbo 1,000 485 510 40 15 20
Lingala 1,045 455 590 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 85 45 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 35 15 25
Shona 1,035 475 560 35 25 15
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 200 90 110
Wolof 1,380 745 635 0 5 0
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 115 55 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 100 45 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 135 65 70
Dinka 1,130 580 550 65 30 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 70 35 40
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 285 175 105
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 50 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 230 150 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 9,700 4,835 4,865
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 8,925 4,450 4,475
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 2,400 1,140 1,265
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 5 0 0
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 5,645 2,865 2,780
Min Dong 345 150 195 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 80 45 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 30 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 760 385 380
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 775 380 395
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 115 65 55
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 640 310 335
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 190 85 105
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 125 60 60
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 70 25 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 195 100 95
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 5 5 5
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 170 90 85
Uyghur 610 315 290 0 0 0
Uzbek 990 505 490 10 5 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 5 0 5
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 240 125 120
Estonian 975 365 610 10 0 5
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 15 10 5
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 215 110 105
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 45 25 20
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 34,110 16,720 17,395
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 1,210 575 635
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 32,250 15,810 16,435
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 150 85 70
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 495 250 250
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 1,083,235 539,100 544,130
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 983,935 490,490 493,450
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 41,920 21,045 20,875
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 9,340 4,085 5,255
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 46,495 22,705 23,785
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 13,490 6,445 7,050
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 33,005 16,265 16,740
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 170 85 85
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 860 440 420
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 495 245 255
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 857,270 424,245 433,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 822,620 407,715 414,905
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 38,299 46,117 31,978
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 822,745 407,730 415,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 34,570 40,492 29,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 750,515 378,290 372,225
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 36,883 45,587 29,314
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 550,165 236,760 313,405
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 5,340 4,200 5,870
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 636,955 331,975 304,970
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 36,612 44,551 30,027
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 857,300 424,265 433,030
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 822,545 407,840 414,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 49,409 58,791 40,184
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 822,655 407,855 414,800
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 40,933 47,453 34,523
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 750,475 378,445 372,035
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 48,491 58,779 38,026
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 549,500 236,590 312,910
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 7,734 7,322 8,045
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 636,950 331,745 305,205
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 46,853 55,728 37,207
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 857,295 424,260 433,030
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 302,780 173,250 129,525
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 55,368 62,070 48,579
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 64,855 72,366 54,808
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 89.5 92.8 84.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 73.2 76.8 68.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 10.5 7.2 15.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 34,645 16,530 18,120
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 822,620 407,715 414,905
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 105,780 47,325 58,455
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 118,380 46,195 72,180
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 107,890 42,345 65,545
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 95,605 41,315 54,295
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 89,285 42,260 47,025
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 70,395 36,950 33,450
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 53,855 31,055 22,795
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 41,930 25,290 16,645
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 34,305 20,750 13,560
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 26,165 16,100 10,060
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 79,030 58,125 20,905
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 56,160 40,025 16,140
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 22,870 18,100 4,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 34,520 16,515 18,010
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 822,745 407,730 415,015
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 108,310 48,150 60,160
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 123,690 48,420 75,275
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 125,285 50,160 75,125
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 119,460 54,365 65,100
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 103,250 52,900 50,350
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 73,855 42,315 31,540
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 53,925 32,645 21,280
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 38,615 23,385 15,235
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 76,345 55,395 20,950
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 24,935 16,370 8,560
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 16,260 11,815 4,445
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 35,155 27,210 7,945
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 220,320 92,270 128,055
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 636,950 331,980 304,970
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 74.3 78.3 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 82,210 38,805 43,410
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 46,620 20,310 26,310
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 77,480 33,900 43,575
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 68,175 29,285 38,885
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 66,120 29,825 36,295
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 61,800 29,930 31,870
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 51,075 27,565 23,510
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 39,805 23,605 16,195
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 32,265 20,015 12,255
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 111,405 78,745 32,665
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 28,240 17,220 11,020
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 21,415 13,645 7,770
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 61,750 47,885 13,870
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,656  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,749  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,031  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,889  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,718  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 161,805 82,400 79,405
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 35,875 40,000 32,247
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 32,415 35,306 29,777
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 161,560 82,510 79,050
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 45,756 49,739 41,598
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 38,229 40,766 35,581
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 506,055 243,040 263,010
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 111,770 55,530 56,245
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 104,900 46,610 58,285
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 94,035 44,535 49,500
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 96,045 47,015 49,030
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 99,300 49,350 49,950
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 564,505 290,345 274,160
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 104,200 52,705 51,495
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 109,400 55,670 53,725
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 115,215 59,255 55,965
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 121,965 62,875 59,085
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 113,730 59,840 53,885
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 1,014,605 505,225 509,380
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 230,205 117,925 112,275
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 79,345 40,700 38,645
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 631,280 316,125 315,155
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 153,120 71,180 81,950
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 130,220 60,375 69,845
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 41,010 20,960 20,050
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 15,420 7,850 7,575
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 67,080 31,315 35,765
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 22,130 8,100 14,025
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 12.8 12.0 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 17.8 17.8 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 19.4 19.3 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 10.6 9.9 11.3
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 14.5 11.4 17.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 59,440 29,890 29,545
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 17,870 9,140 8,735
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 7,005 3,540 3,465
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 38,775 19,470 19,305
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 2,795 1,280 1,510
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 5.9 5.9 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 7.8 7.8 7.8
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 8.8 8.7 9.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 6.1 6.2 6.1
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 1,070,560 533,385 537,175
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 1,062,885 529,920 532,965
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 1,062,275 529,630 532,645
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 51,325 23,600 27,725
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 187,450 91,805 95,645
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 38,110 18,390 19,720
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 28,270 13,675 14,590
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 10 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 27,065 13,115 13,950
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 0 0 0
Moose Cree 195 80 115 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 40 30 15
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 3,665 1,770 1,900
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 470 185 285
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 1,260 570 695
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 21,870 10,695 11,175
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 0 0 0
Malecite 755 370 390 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 1,310 620 695
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 0 0 0
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 1,300 610 690
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 9,120 4,350 4,770
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 9,105 4,345 4,760
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 0 0 0
Beaver 340 180 165 0 0 0
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 0 0 0
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 0 0 0
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 9,105 4,350 4,755
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 0 0 0
Gwich'in 360 165 200 10 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 0 0 0
Sekani 185 85 100 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 0 0 0
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 0 0 0
Tahltan 270 140 130 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 10 0 10
Haida 465 205 260 10 0 10
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 0 0 0
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 10 10 10
Cayuga 125 40 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 10 0 10
Oneida 180 60 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 0 0 0
Kutenai 175 95 80 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 585 625 505 240 260
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 0 0 0
Comox 185 75 110 0 0 0
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 0 0 0
Lillooet 790 405 385 0 0 0
Okanagan 820 370 450 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 0 0 0
Squamish 285 125 155 0 0 0
Straits 360 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 510 255 250
Dakota 1,760 870 890 415 205 210
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 10 10 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 90 50 45
Tlingit 260 140 120 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 0 0 0
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 0 0 0
Tsimshian 410 180 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 0 0 0
Haisla 175 65 110 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 30 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 149,475 73,470 76,000
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 8,595 4,585 4,015
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 40 35 0
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 30 25 0
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 1,305 620 690
Bilen 1,085 625 470 85 40 45
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 160 70 90
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 1,090 520 570
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 0 0 0
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 7,500 4,075 3,425
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 545 255 290
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 5,605 3,165 2,435
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 505 240 265
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 195 95 100
Harari 1,710 855 860 0 0 0
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 470 245 230
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 0 0 0
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 705 350 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 245 120 125
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 70 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 3,315 1,685 1,635
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 210 105 105
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 3,105 1,580 1,525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 29,705 14,065 15,640
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 90 30 55
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 2,115 945 1,170
Fijian 1,660 955 705 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 285 130 150
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 785 365 415
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 10 0 0
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 215 95 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 265 130 135
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 45 25 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 28,655 13,575 15,080
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 35 25 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585 2,540 3,040 300 145 155
Creole languages 155,615 70,545 85,070 495 230 270
Haitian Creole 6,850 3,140 3,710 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 133,045 59,890 73,160 240 95 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 16,635 7,955 8,675 250 125 120
Dravidian languages 250,180 126,220 123,960 2,190 1,205 980
Kannada 8,245 4,180 4,065 115 65 55
Malayalam 37,810 19,410 18,400 1,170 625 540
Tamil 189,860 94,640 95,220 635 345 290
Telugu 23,160 12,770 10,390 435 270 165
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 790 385 405 15 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 870 435 435 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555 81,985 40,685 41,300
Albanian 31,930 16,140 15,790 560 275 285
Armenian 41,295 19,980 21,315 115 65 45
Balto-Slavic languages 817,315 384,960 432,350 20,395 9,470 10,925
Baltic languages 14,675 6,470 8,205 225 120 110
Latvian 6,500 2,960 3,540 135 60 70
Lithuanian 8,185 3,510 4,675 95 60 35
Slavic languages 805,915 379,965 425,945 20,265 9,400 10,860
Belarusan 2,265 1,070 1,195 20 0 15
Bosnian 18,265 9,055 9,215 325 155 165
Bulgarian 22,425 10,920 11,505 75 40 35
Croatian 69,840 34,515 35,325 605 355 250
Czech 28,720 13,675 15,050 300 155 150
Macedonian 23,075 11,190 11,880 65 35 35
Polish 214,965 99,365 115,600 2,185 1,040 1,145
Russian 269,645 127,055 142,595 5,275 2,585 2,690
Serbian 73,775 37,040 36,740 790 410 385
Serbo-Croatian 11,275 5,525 5,750 80 30 50
Slovak 21,470 10,215 11,255 125 85 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 11,495 5,205 6,290 105 50 50
Ukrainian 132,115 58,820 73,300 13,090 5,770 7,325
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,000 1,590 1,405 345 205 140
Celtic languages 9,165 4,705 4,455 165 105 65
Scottish Gaelic 3,980 2,010 1,975 55 35 25
Welsh 1,690 830 860 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 3,590 1,915 1,680 70 45 20
Germanic languages 695,535 337,215 358,320 21,275 10,435 10,840
Afrikaans 23,410 11,795 11,610 1,455 750 705
Danish 15,745 7,320 8,425 320 195 125
Dutch 120,865 57,885 62,990 1,510 720 790
Frisian 2,910 1,515 1,395 25 15 15
German 502,730 245,745 256,985 17,390 8,525 8,870
Icelandic 1,780 830 945 70 40 30
Norwegian 8,120 3,860 4,260 415 180 235
Swedish 14,140 6,510 7,635 230 95 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 4,400 1,945 2,455 80 25 50
Yiddish 20,985 10,435 10,550 75 35 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 8,710 4,425 4,285 265 135 125
Greek 150,965 75,510 75,455 1,470 725 745
Indo-Iranian languages 1,658,220 840,850 817,365 27,395 14,650 12,740
Indo-Aryan languages 1,387,805 704,370 683,435 25,355 13,530 11,825
Bengali 91,220 46,935 44,285 3,520 1,895 1,620
Gujarati 149,045 74,765 74,285 3,320 1,760 1,555
Hindi 433,365 221,665 211,700 8,040 4,480 3,560
Kashmiri 905 490 420 40 25 20
Konkani 6,790 3,185 3,605 40 30 15
Marathi 15,570 8,200 7,365 185 120 70
Nepali 21,380 10,915 10,470 835 435 400
Oriya (Odia) 1,535 755 775 25 15 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 668,240 341,450 326,790 8,300 4,635 3,665
Sindhi 20,260 9,310 10,945 180 105 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 27,825 13,970 13,855 355 205 150
Urdu 322,220 164,685 157,535 9,455 4,815 4,635
Iranian languages 281,715 142,030 139,680 2,285 1,240 1,040
Kurdish 15,290 8,290 7,000 145 90 60
Pashto 23,180 12,465 10,715 555 315 240
Persian (Farsi) 252,320 126,565 125,755 1,630 870 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,875 4,715 4,155 275 135 140
Italic (Romance) languages 1,897,630 898,530 999,100 12,660 6,085 6,570
Catalan 2,035 1,145 890 0 10 0
Italian 574,725 278,500 296,225 1,360 670 690
Portuguese 295,955 144,465 151,485 885 380 505
Romanian 115,050 55,275 59,770 1,105 525 575
Spanish 995,255 460,250 535,010 9,605 4,635 4,965
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,680 1,610 1,075 40 30 10
Japanese 83,090 36,760 46,335 1,205 540 665
Kartvelian languages 2,150 1,075 1,075 15 0 15
Georgian 2,150 1,080 1,070 15 0 10
Korean 172,755 80,170 92,590 1,930 850 1,080
Mongolic languages 2,090 960 1,130 55 20 30
Mongolian 2,090 960 1,130 60 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 177,215 88,135 89,080 4,125 2,245 1,885
Akan (Twi) 22,145 10,810 11,340 355 185 170
Bamanankan 3,190 1,660 1,530 0 0 10
Edo 3,220 1,510 1,705 20 0 20
Ewe 3,000 1,685 1,315 100 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 4,725 2,460 2,260 60 45 15
Ga 2,250 1,140 1,110 45 25 15
Ganda 2,495 1,175 1,320 20 10 10
Igbo 8,850 4,710 4,140 625 325 300
Lingala 17,010 7,865 9,145 140 70 65
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,590 4,075 4,515 280 150 130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,860 3,600 4,260 125 65 55
Shona 5,425 2,530 2,905 150 90 55
Swahili 38,680 19,565 19,115 950 570 380
Wolof 8,240 4,455 3,785 40 25 15
Yoruba 22,420 11,475 10,940 965 470 495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40,760 20,375 20,385 815 480 335
Nilo-Saharan languages 7,015 3,520 3,495 300 150 145
Dinka 2,475 1,280 1,190 100 65 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 4,555 2,240 2,315 195 90 105
Sign languages 48,115 18,985 29,130 1,565 585 985
American Sign Language 21,930 7,780 14,155 650 215 435
Quebec Sign Language 4,665 1,665 3,005 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 22,275 9,835 12,440 915 365 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430,440 672,100 758,340 14,580 7,115 7,470
Chinese languages 1,413,110 663,465 749,640 13,630 6,625 7,005
Cantonese 699,125 325,840 373,285 4,675 2,245 2,435
Hakka 12,445 5,555 6,890 30 10 20
Mandarin 814,450 377,635 436,815 8,995 4,335 4,660
Min Dong 1,045 440 600 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 42,840 19,005 23,835 260 125 135
Wu (Shanghainese) 16,530 7,490 9,040 45 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,690 19,995 21,690 1,245 620 630
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 590 250 340 10 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 18,270 9,100 9,175 960 495 460
Burmese 4,995 2,490 2,500 315 185 130
Karenic languages 4,895 2,425 2,475 635 310 325
Tibetan 7,050 3,555 3,490 30 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,160 1,220 70 25 40
Tai-Kadai languages 30,400 13,210 17,195 635 245 385
Lao 17,235 8,240 8,990 410 170 240
Thai 15,390 5,875 9,520 275 105 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60,530 31,585 28,945 640 365 285
Azerbaijani 5,450 2,885 2,565 25 20 10
Turkish 50,775 26,605 24,165 530 310 220
Uyghur 1,385 685 700 0 0 0
Uzbek 2,465 1,230 1,235 60 25 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,870 905 965 25 10 15
Uralic languages 94,810 44,270 50,545 1,765 850 915
Estonian 6,070 2,750 3,315 20 15 10
Finnish 17,595 7,540 10,050 360 170 190
Hungarian 71,285 34,005 37,280 1,385 670 715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 9,730 5,375 4,355 340 210 135
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 998,035 496,635 501,395
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 237,720 121,535 116,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 760,310 375,105 385,210
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 72,525 36,750 35,780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 1,070,560 533,385 537,170
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 945,810 470,790 475,025
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 112,490 55,800 56,690
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 16,650 8,190 8,465
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 5,545 2,670 2,875
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 9,315 4,645 4,665
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 33,045 16,410 16,635
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 8,670 4,165 4,505
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 24,370 12,245 12,130
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 47,935 23,880 24,055
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 12,255 6,800 5,455
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 112,495 55,795 56,695
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 12,060 6,100 5,965
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 21,295 11,015 10,280
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 19,295 8,990 10,305
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 50,945 25,060 25,890
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 8,895 4,635 4,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 112,490 55,800 56,690
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 10,765 5,010 5,760
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 185 65 120
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 555 275 280
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 630 290 340
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 155 75 85
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 65 45 20
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 815 425 395
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 1,330 665 665
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 165 60 100
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 210 105 110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 4,845 2,045 2,800
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 1,805 955 845
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 23,640 11,900 11,740
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 455 215 245
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 445 280 165
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 215 90 125
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 2,575 1,280 1,295
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 605 325 280
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 395 215 180
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 845 490 355
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 570 305 265
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 1,220 585 635
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 1,395 690 705
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 220 105 120
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 695 335 360
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 805 345 460
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 585 305 280
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 3,280 1,630 1,650
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 7,020 3,520 3,505
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 2,320 1,195 1,125
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 10,285 5,360 4,925
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 50 35 15
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 435 230 205
Ethiopia 32,790 15,980 16,810 635 285 355
Kenya 27,150 12,810 14,340 425 225 200
Morocco 69,655 36,120 33,535 180 95 80
Nigeria 42,430 21,830 20,600 1,695 845 855
Somalia 27,230 12,070 15,160 635 335 300
South Africa, Republic of 44,660 22,205 22,460 1,775 920 855
Other places of birth in Africa 264,320 133,450 130,870 4,455 2,390 2,065
Asia 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175 67,120 33,175 33,945
Afghanistan 51,955 26,030 25,930 515 230