Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,067,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,645,257  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,654,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 640,330.46  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 946,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 471,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 223,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 524,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 245,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 233,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,978,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by marital status - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 540,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 235,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 793,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 443,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 509,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 213,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,039,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 414,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 625,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 451,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 0 5 0
Moose Cree 100 50 55 10 0 5
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 50 15 35
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 50 20 35
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 30 15 15
Malecite 305 140 160 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 550 235 315
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 5 0 5
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 35 15 15
Carrier 1,025 465 565 15 0 15
Chilcotin 660 295 360 5 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 40 10 30
Gwich'in 260 110 145 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 70 20 45
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 10 5 10
South Slavey 945 455 495 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 10 0 10
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 25 5 10
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 10 10 5
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 5 5 5
Oneida 55 20 40 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 5
Kutenai 105 55 55 5 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 80 45 35
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 15 5 10
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 5 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 5 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 5 0 5
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 1,215 570 635 350 165 185
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 0 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 0
Nisga'a 400 200 200 10 5 5
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 5 5 5
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 340 190 145
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 805 455 350 315 185 130
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 40 20 20
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 145 80 65
Harari 1,320 635 685 260 135 120
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 960 505 460
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 75 30 40
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 425 205 225
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 745 400 345 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 35 10 25
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 765 370 390
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 980 430 550
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 535 270 265
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 1,010 475 535
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 415 195 220
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 600 285 315
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 810 385 430 65 30 30
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 1,545 790 755
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 360 185 175
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 970 480 485
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 695 320 370
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 215 120 100
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 135 70 65
Welsh 1,075 495 575 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 65 40 25
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 360 200 160
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 115 55 60
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 815 370 445
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 320 150 170
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 55 30 25
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 565 300 265 105 60 50
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 370 190 185
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 1,510 775 730
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 1,550 845 705
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 865 440 425 75 30 45
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 35 20 15
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 230 130 105
Georgian 1,715 910 805 230 130 100
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 545 255 290
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 35 20 15
Edo 1,670 770 900 275 155 120
Ewe 1,760 950 805 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 230 120 100
Ga 920 445 470 145 80 65
Ganda 1,295 625 665 280 145 135
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 1,165 625 540
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 805 405 400
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 1,100 545 555
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 280 165 110
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 830 440 390
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 990 465 530
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 630 305 330
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 430 230 200
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 795 415 380
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 1,020 485 535
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 20 10 15
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 365 215 155
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 130 70 60
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 215 95 120
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 190 90 105
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 810 330 480
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 690 415 280
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 20 10 10
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 5 0 5
Woods Cree 800 410 390 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 5 5 5
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 190 95 95
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 10 5 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 5 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 5 5 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 5 0 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 10 5 5
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 255 140 120 175 85 85
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 200 105 95
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 620 330 285 280 160 115
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 15 5 10
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 95 50 40
Harari 735 335 400 165 80 85
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 460 235 225
Maltese 1,130 525 605 15 10 10
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 960 460 500
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 290 140 155 70 40 35
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 195 105 90 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 470 215 255
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 435 220 210 20 10 10
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 220 110 110
Pangasinan 240 110 135 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 280 120 155
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 1,630 825 800 210 105 105
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 1,060 570 485
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 410 210 200
Latvian 1,255 530 725 165 85 80
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 250 125 120
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 230 105 120 15 10 5
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 785 400 385
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 825 415 405
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 1,800 905 895
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 875 440 430
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 175 90 85
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 315 160 155
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 150 70 75
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 55 30 25
Celtic languages 360 205 155 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 15 15 5
Welsh 95 50 45 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 10 5 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 1,705 835 875
Danish 855 410 445 150 75 75
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 185 95 90 60 30 30
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 270 120 150 30 15 15
Norwegian 345 145 200 60 20 35
Swedish 1,045 500 545 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 60 30 25
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 425 215 210
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 135 70 70 50 20 25
Konkani 720 355 370 75 40 40
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 845 440 405
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 1,480 750 730
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 850 440 410
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 355 165 190 35 10 20
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 10 5 5
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 160 85 70
Georgian 1,035 565 475 160 85 70
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 335 160 175
Mongolian 910 435 470 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 845 415 430
Bamanankan 340 180 160 10 10 0
Edo 415 175 240 70 35 35
Ewe 410 185 225 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 105 55 45
Ga 250 105 140 40 20 20
Ganda 345 160 185 95 50 50
Igbo 1,000 485 510 265 125 145
Lingala 1,045 455 590 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 350 175 170
Shona 1,035 475 560 410 190 225
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 1,090 530 565
Wolof 1,380 745 635 170 95 75
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 1,525 765 755
Dinka 1,130 580 550 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 725 350 375
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 315 135 185
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 345 150 195 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 340 175 165
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 1,500 770 730
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 280 145 130
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 665 340 320
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 1,130 505 625
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 465 215 245
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 10 5 10
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 155 90 75
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 610 315 290 80 45 40
Uzbek 990 505 490 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 70 35 25
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 975 365 610 25 10 15
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 105 50 50
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 240 140 95
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 42,679 54,361 32,982
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 22 100 100 100 100 100 100
Market income (%)Census data footnote 23 88.3 91.6 83.7 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 24 72.0 75.2 67.7 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 25 11.7 8.4 16.3 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 26 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 29 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,948  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,161,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 30 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 712,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 184,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 142,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 240,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,588  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 407,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,283  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 511,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 133,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,951  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,909  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 31,890 34,483 29,801 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 28,959 30,746 27,495 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 3.3 2.8 3.7

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. Canada [Country] and Alberta [Province] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released September 13, 2017.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 21, 2017).

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