Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by marital status - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 1,810 820 985
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 840 375 465
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 0 0 0
Moose Cree 100 50 55 5 5 0
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 10 0 10
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 25 15 10
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 10 5 10
Malecite 305 140 160 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 155 55 105
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 5 5 0
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 110 55 55
Beaver 190 85 105 160 75 85
Carrier 1,025 465 565 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 660 295 360 650 295 355
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 5 0 0
Gwich'in 260 110 145 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 5
Sekani 90 45 45 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 5 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 15 10 5
Tahltan 95 40 50 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 15 5 10
Haida 75 35 40 70 30 40
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 10 0 10
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 15 10 5
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 10 5 5
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Kutenai 105 55 55 100 55 50
Michif 465 230 235 35 20 10
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 80 45 40 80 45 40
Halkomelem 475 225 245 475 230 245
Lillooet 315 155 155 315 155 160
Okanagan 270 135 135 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 435 220 215
Squamish 40 20 20 35 20 20
Straits 80 40 40 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 250 130 120
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 45 25 20
Dakota 1,215 570 635 30 15 20
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 5 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 875 435 445
Nisga'a 400 200 200 385 195 190
Tsimshian 200 90 110 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 795 365 435
Haisla 90 40 50 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 115 75 45
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 1,505 765 740
Bilen 805 455 350 5 0 0
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 205 115 95
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 20 10 15
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 1,370 670 700
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 440 245 200
Harari 1,320 635 685 20 5 15
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 215 100 115
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 375 165 215
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 745 400 345 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 20 10 15
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 700 320 380
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 280 150 135
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 1,465 765 705
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 1,070 485 585
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 565 255 300
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 505 225 280
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 810 385 430 95 45 50
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 325 160 165
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 1,395 670 725
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 345 175 170
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 240 130 110
Welsh 1,075 495 575 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 95 50 45
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 295 145 145
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 275 135 145
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 445 220 225
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 65 45 25
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 565 300 265 65 35 25
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 255 130 125
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 620 325 295
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 1,675 845 830
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 1,765 945 825
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 865 440 425 160 85 75
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 105 65 40
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 85 50 35
Georgian 1,715 910 805 85 50 40
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 360 150 205
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 495 275 220
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 10 5 5
Edo 1,670 770 900 85 50 35
Ewe 1,760 950 805 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 45 25 20
Ga 920 445 470 45 20 25
Ganda 1,295 625 665 90 45 45
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 245 145 105
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 155 70 80
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 215 100 115
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 805 400 405
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 50 25 25
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 340 175 165
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 240 115 125
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 815 395 425
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 1,100 550 550
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 20 10 15
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 530 290 235
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 170 85 85
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 190 80 110
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 705 295 410
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 500 280 225
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 105 50 55
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 85 40 45
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 0 0 0
Woods Cree 800 410 390 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 5 0 0
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 10 5 5
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 20 10 10
Beaver 50 30 20 40 20 20
Carrier 245 115 130 245 110 130
Chilcotin 255 125 130 260 125 130
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 15 10 5
Michif 85 40 45 0 5 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 50 20 30
Lillooet 25 15 10 25 15 15
Okanagan 85 35 45 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 50 30 20
Squamish 5 0 5 5 5 0
Straits 20 10 15 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 20 10 10
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 15 10 5
Dakota 255 140 120 10 10 5
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 310 155 155
Nisga'a 70 40 30 70 45 25
Tsimshian 25 15 15 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 75 40 35
Haisla 20 10 15 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 45 25 20
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 770 355 415
Bilen 620 330 285 0 0 0
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 90 50 45
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 15 5 10
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 600 275 320
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 310 165 145
Harari 735 335 400 10 5 5
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 900 465 440
Maltese 1,130 525 605 15 5 10
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 800 375 420
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 290 140 155 75 30 35
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 1,305 585 715
Fijian 195 105 90 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 415 175 240
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 435 220 210 10 5 10
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 150 70 80
Pangasinan 240 110 135 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 310 150 160
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 1,630 825 800 110 55 60
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 1,225 615 605
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 695 335 360
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 210 90 115
Latvian 1,255 530 725 80 30 50
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 125 60 65
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 230 105 120 15 5 5
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 595 300 300
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 1,035 485 550
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 150 75 75
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 500 235 265
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 145 65 85
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 40 20 20
Celtic languages 360 205 155 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 35 20 10
Welsh 95 50 45 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 5 5 5
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 1,475 715 760
Danish 855 410 445 305 145 160
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 185 95 90 10 5 5
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 270 120 150 75 35 35
Norwegian 345 145 200 140 60 80
Swedish 1,045 500 545 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 50 30 20
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 15 5 5
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 135 70 70 10 5 5
Konkani 720 355 370 40 25 25
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 270 140 130
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 675 330 340
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 1,080 540 535
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 355 165 190 65 35 35
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 20 5 10
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 30 15 10
Georgian 1,035 565 475 30 15 15
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 170 80 90
Mongolian 910 435 470 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 150 80 65
Bamanankan 340 180 160 5 5 5
Edo 415 175 240 15 10 10
Ewe 410 185 225 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 20 5 10
Ga 250 105 140 5 5 0
Ganda 345 160 185 10 5 5
Igbo 1,000 485 510 40 20 15
Lingala 1,045 455 590 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 60 25 35
Shona 1,035 475 560 65 25 40
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 200 90 115
Wolof 1,380 745 635 20 10 10
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 140 60 75
Dinka 1,130 580 550 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 85 30 55
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 700 295 410
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 345 150 195 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 1,745 885 865
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 720 375 350
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 725 355 370
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 1,380 595 785
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 460 225 235
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 10 5 5
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 195 105 95
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 610 315 290 95 50 50
Uzbek 990 505 490 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 40 20 25
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 975 365 610 95 40 55
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 725 325 400
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 31,713 39,186 26,034
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 22 100 100 100 100 100 100
Market income (%)Census data footnote 23 88.3 91.6 83.7 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 24 72.0 75.2 67.7 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 25 11.7 8.4 16.3 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 26 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 29 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 30 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 31,890 34,483 29,801 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 28,959 30,746 27,495 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 6.0 5.4 6.6

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. Canada [Country] and British Columbia [Province] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released September 13, 2017.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 24, 2017).

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