Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Yukon [Territory]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Yukon

[Territory]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Yukon [Territory]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,874  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,897  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,987  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 0.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 474,712.68  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 35,875 18,075 17,795
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 6,280 3,355 2,920
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 2,135 1,155 985
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 2,120 1,130 995
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 2,020 1,075 945
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 25,340 12,500 12,835
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 1,935 1,000 930
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 1,965 1,035 930
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 2,550 1,245 1,310
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 2,890 1,395 1,495
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 2,590 1,235 1,355
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 2,540 1,170 1,370
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 2,465 1,210 1,245
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 2,880 1,390 1,495
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 2,995 1,505 1,490
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 2,530 1,315 1,220
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 4,260 2,220 2,040
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 1,845 980 870
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 1,090 605 485
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 645 350 295
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 375 160 215
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 300 125 175
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 195 90 105
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 80 30 50
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 20 5 20
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 17.5 18.6 16.4
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 70.6 69.2 72.1
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 11.9 12.3 11.5
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 0.8 0.7 1.0
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 39.1 38.8 39.4
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 39.5 39.0 39.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 29,595 14,725 14,870
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 16,445 8,210 8,235
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 11,345 5,680 5,670
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 5,095 2,530 2,570
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 13,150 6,515 6,635
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 9,150 4,905 4,245
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 845 370 470
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 2,105 975 1,130
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 1,060 265 795
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 7,505 3,895 3,610
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 35,555 17,895 17,660
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 30,430 15,530 14,895
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 85 40 45
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 4,900 2,260 2,640
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 140 65 75
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 35,555 17,895 17,660
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 33,720 16,960 16,760
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 1,575 815 755
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 125 55 70
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 140 65 75
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 1,635 845 790
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 4.6 4.7 4.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 35,560 17,900 17,660
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 34,885 17,555 17,330
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 30,675 15,585 15,095
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 29,105 14,775 14,335
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 1,570 810 755
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 4,210 1,970 2,235
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 675 295 380
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 25 5 20
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 20 5 20
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 0 0 0
Moose Cree 100 50 55 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 0 0 0
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 0 0 0
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 20 5 20
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 0 0 0
Malecite 305 140 160 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 5 5 0
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 5 0 0
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 560 250 305
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 545 245 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 0 0 0
Chilcotin 660 295 360 0 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 10 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 0 0 0
Gwich'in 260 110 145 80 40 45
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 0
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 5 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 5 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 5 0 5
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 170 85 85
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 165 85 85
Tahltan 95 40 50 5 5 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 285 115 165
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 210 90 125
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 70 30 35
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 15 5 5
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 20 10 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 10 5 5
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 5 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 0 0 0
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 0 0 0
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 5 0 5
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 0 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 0 0 0
Dakota 1,215 570 635 0 0 0
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 65 25 40
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 0
Nisga'a 400 200 200 0 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 0
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 10 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 3,530 1,675 1,860
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 50 25 25
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 0 0 0
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 10 5 5
Bilen 805 455 350 0 0 0
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 0 0 0
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 5 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 0 0 0
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 40 25 20
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 5 0 0
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 35 20 15
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 0 0 0
Harari 1,320 635 685 0 0 0
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 5 0 0
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 0 0 0
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 5 0 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 50 30 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 0 0 0
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 50 25 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 990 415 575
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 0 0 0
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 80 35 45
Fijian 745 400 345 10 5 5
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 40 15 25
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 35 15 20
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 0 0 0
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 15 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 5 5 0
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 805 335 465
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 5 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 10 0 5
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 25 10 15
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 15 5 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 15 0 10
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 55 30 25
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 0 0 0
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 25 10 15
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 25 10 10
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 5 5 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 1,715 885 825
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 5 0 5
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 0 0 5
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 295 150 150
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 5 5 0
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 0 5 0
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 0 0 0
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 290 145 145
Belarusan 810 385 430 0 0 0
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 5 0 5
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 5 0 0
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 5 5 5
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 55 30 25
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 0 0 0
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 65 35 30
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 75 35 45
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 5 5 0
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 5 5 5
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 5 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 15 5 10
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 50 25 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 0 0 0
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 0 5 0
Welsh 1,075 495 575 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 5 0 0
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 945 495 445
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 10 5 5
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 20 10 5
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 115 50 60
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 0 5 0
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 765 415 355
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 5 5 0
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 10 5 5
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 15 10 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 5 0 0
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 0 0 0
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 10 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 215 115 100
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 190 100 95
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 25 5 15
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 20 20 5
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 35 20 15
Kashmiri 565 300 265 0 0 0
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 0 0 0
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 0 0 0
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 0 0 5
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 85 40 45
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 0 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 5 0 5
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 20 10 10
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 25 20 10
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 0 0 0
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 25 20 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 225 105 120
Catalan 865 440 425 5 0 5
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 25 15 10
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 15 5 5
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 10 10 5
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 170 75 95
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 0 0 0
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 95 40 55
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Georgian 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 45 10 30
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 0 0 5
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 25 15 10
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 0 0 0
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 0 0 0
Edo 1,670 770 900 0 0 0
Ewe 1,760 950 805 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 0 0 0
Ga 920 445 470 0 0 0
Ganda 1,295 625 665 0 0 0
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 0 0 0
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 5 0 0
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 0 0 0
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 0 0 0
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 0 0 0
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 0 0 0
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 0 0 0
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 20 10 5
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 5 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 350 150 195
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 350 155 195
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 225 100 120
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 0 0 5
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 95 40 60
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 15 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 0 0 0
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 0 0 0
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 0 0 0
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 30 5 25
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 5 5 5
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 25 5 25
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 0 5 0
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 0 0 0
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 0 0 0
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 0 0 0
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 75 40 35
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 0 0 0
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 25 15 10
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 45 30 20
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 5 0 0
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 675 345 330
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 220 115 100
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 420 210 215
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 15 10 10
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 15 10 10
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 35,560 17,900 17,660
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 34,730 17,510 17,220
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 33,135 16,735 16,400
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 32,270 16,315 15,960
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 860 420 435
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 1,600 775 825
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 75 45 35
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 0 5 5
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 0 0 5
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 0 0 0
Woods Cree 800 410 390 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 5 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 0 0 0
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 0 0 0
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 65 35 35
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 65 35 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 15 10 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 20 10 10
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 20 10 10
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 0 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 0 0 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 0 0 0
Dakota 255 140 120 0 0 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 5 5
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 1,520 730 785
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 30 15 15
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 0 0 0
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 5 5 5
Bilen 620 330 285 0 0 0
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 0 0 0
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 0 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 0 0 0
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 20 10 10
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 5 0 0
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 20 10 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 0 0 0
Harari 735 335 400 0 0 0
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 5 0 5
Maltese 1,130 525 605 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 25 15 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 0 0 0
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 30 15 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 555 255 305
Bikol 290 140 155 0 0 0
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 35 20 15
Fijian 195 105 90 5 0 5
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 20 5 10
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 15 5 10
Malagasy 435 220 210 0 0 0
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 5 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 0 0 0
Pangasinan 240 110 135 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 475 215 260
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 0 0 0
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 5 0 0
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 0 0 5
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 35 20 15
Kannada 1,630 825 800 0 0 0
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 15 10 10
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 15 10 5
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 0 5 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 540 280 260
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 0 0 0
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 85 40 45
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 0 0 0
Latvian 1,255 530 725 0 0 0
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 0 0 0
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 85 40 40
Belarusan 230 105 120 0 0 0
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 0 0 0
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 0 0 0
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 5 0 0
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 15 5 5
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 0 0 0
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 20 15 10
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 30 15 15
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 5 0 0
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 5 0 0
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 0 0 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 0 0 0
Celtic languages 360 205 155 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 0 0 0
Welsh 95 50 45 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 0 0 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 245 125 115
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 10 5 5
Danish 855 410 445 0 0 0
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 10 0 5
Frisian 185 95 90 0 0 0
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 225 115 105
Icelandic 270 120 150 0 0 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 0 0 0
Swedish 1,045 500 545 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 0 0 0
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 0 0 0
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 100 55 45
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 90 45 40
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 15 5 10
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 15 10 0
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 15 10 0
Kashmiri 135 70 70 0 0 0
Konkani 720 355 370 0 0 0
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 0 0 0
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 45 20 25
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 0 0 0
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 10 5 5
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 15 10 5
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 0 0 0
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 15 15 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 110 50 60
Catalan 355 165 190 0 0 0
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 5 0 0
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 0 0 0
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 5 5 5
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 100 45 50
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 0 0 0
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 50 25 25
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 0 0 0
Georgian 1,035 565 475 0 0 0
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 25 10 10
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 0 0 0
Mongolian 910 435 470 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 5 0 0
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 0 0 0
Bamanankan 340 180 160 0 0 0
Edo 415 175 240 0 0 0
Ewe 410 185 225 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 0 0 0
Ga 250 105 140 0 0 0
Ganda 345 160 185 0 0 0
Igbo 1,000 485 510 0 0 0
Lingala 1,045 455 590 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 0 0 0
Shona 1,035 475 560 5 0 0
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 0 0 0
Wolof 1,380 745 635 0 0 0
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 0 0 0
Dinka 1,130 580 550 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 0 0 0
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 15 10 5
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 220 100 120
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 215 95 120
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 155 70 90
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 0 0 0
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 55 25 30
Min Dong 345 150 195 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 5 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 0 0 0
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 0 0 0
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 0 0 0
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 10 0 5
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 5 0 0
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 10 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 0 0 0
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 0 0 0
Uyghur 610 315 290 0 0 0
Uzbek 990 505 490 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 0 0 0
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 10 5 5
Estonian 975 365 610 0 0 0
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 0 0 0
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 10 5 5
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 5 0 0
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 830 385 445
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 120 60 60
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 680 315 370
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 5 0 5
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 15 10 10
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 35,555 17,895 17,660
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 31,490 15,990 15,500
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 1,250 590 660
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 890 425 470
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 1,830 845 985
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 585 275 315
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 1,245 575 675
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 20 10 10
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 35 15 20
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 45 25 25
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 28,895 14,325 14,565
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 27,975 13,845 14,135
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 45,804 48,685 43,192
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 27,975 13,840 14,130
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 41,235 43,240 39,353
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 26,300 13,005 13,295
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 43,961 47,135 40,806
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 17,670 8,205 9,465
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 4,724 4,742 4,708
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 23,940 11,925 12,015
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 43,341 45,938 40,804
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 28,880 14,315 14,565
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 27,920 13,860 14,060
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 53,809 57,649 50,023
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 27,925 13,860 14,065
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 45,994 48,598 43,429
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 26,255 13,035 13,220
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 52,102 56,529 47,736
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 17,700 8,290 9,415
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 7,595 7,499 7,680
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 23,940 11,940 12,005
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 50,089 53,885 46,314
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 28,880 14,315 14,565
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 10,655 5,325 5,330
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 67,699 72,122 64,301
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 70,536 75,141 65,936
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 91.1 92.4 89.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 78.7 79.2 78.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 8.9 7.6 10.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 28,895 14,325 14,570
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 920 485 435
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 27,975 13,840 14,130
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.8 96.6 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 2,875 1,460 1,415
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 3,350 1,575 1,775
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 3,455 1,605 1,845
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 2,815 1,240 1,575
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 2,545 1,195 1,345
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 2,340 1,115 1,225
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 2,370 1,115 1,255
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 2,095 1,010 1,085
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 1,725 885 840
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 1,340 710 630
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 3,065 1,930 1,135
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 2,325 1,410 910
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 740 520 225
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 28,890 14,325 14,565
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 920 485 435
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 27,975 13,840 14,135
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.8 96.6 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 2,935 1,485 1,445
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 3,525 1,660 1,860
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 3,860 1,800 2,065
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 3,285 1,480 1,810
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 3,080 1,450 1,630
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 3,045 1,445 1,600
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 2,685 1,305 1,380
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 2,095 1,085 1,010
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 3,475 2,125 1,345
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 1,285 710 580
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 780 490 290
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 1,405 930 480
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 28,890 14,325 14,570
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 4,950 2,400 2,550
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 23,945 11,930 12,015
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 82.9 83.3 82.5
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 2,715 1,355 1,360
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 1,605 745 860
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 2,635 1,245 1,390
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 2,275 1,050 1,225
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 2,060 995 1,065
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 1,985 940 1,040
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 1,875 855 1,025
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 1,980 885 1,095
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 1,750 845 905
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 5,065 3,015 2,055
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 1,495 810 680
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 1,135 610 530
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 2,435 1,590 845
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,521  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,536  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,664  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,068  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,739  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,861  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 103,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,853  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,567  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,386  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120,618  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,932  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 151,228  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,809  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,133  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 6,685 3,505 3,180
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 39,951 36,718 42,449
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 36,618 33,829 39,148
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 6,705 3,630 3,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 47,879 46,673 49,305
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 41,460 40,111 43,054
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 35,110 17,645 17,470
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 12,840 6,500 6,340
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 2,530 1,440 1,090
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 2,705 1,345 1,360
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 2,315 1,110 1,205
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 2,420 1,145 1,275
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 2,870 1,455 1,415
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 22,270 11,145 11,130
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 3,005 1,500 1,505
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 3,535 1,745 1,790
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 4,495 2,200 2,300
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 5,420 2,755 2,670
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 5,810 2,950 2,860
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 0 0 0
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 0 0 0
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 0 0 0
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 35,110 17,640 17,465
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 35,010 17,605 17,405
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 34,930 17,570 17,365
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 4,910 2,270 2,640
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 6,255 2,970 3,285
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 1,165 535 630
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 40 15 25
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 30 10 15
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 0 0 0
Moose Cree 195 80 115 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 0 0 0
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 25 10 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 0 0 0
Malecite 755 370 390 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 10 10 10
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 0 0 0
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 870 400 470
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 860 395 465
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 0 0 0
Beaver 340 180 165 0 0 0
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 0 0 10
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 0 0 0
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 15 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 0 0 0
Gwich'in 360 165 200 95 45 50
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 0 0 0
Sekani 185 85 100 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 20 10 10
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 0 0 0
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 20 10 15
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 335 185 150
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 330 180 150
Tahltan 270 140 130 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 405 160 245
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 275 115 160
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 135 50 90
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 10 0 10
Haida 465 205 260 0 0 0
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 50 10 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 30 10 25
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 20 10 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 0 0 0
Cayuga 125 40 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 0 0 0
Oneida 180 60 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 0 0 0
Kutenai 175 95 80 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 585 625 0 0 0
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 10 10 10
Comox 185 75 110 0 0 0
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 0 0 0
Lillooet 790 405 385 0 0 0
Okanagan 820 370 450 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 10 10 10
Squamish 285 125 155 0 0 0
Straits 360 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 0 0 0
Dakota 1,760 870 890 0 0 0
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 0 0 0
Tlingit 260 140 120 195 95 100
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 10 0 0
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 0 0 0
Tsimshian 410 180 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 0 0 0
Haisla 175 65 110 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 25 10 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 5,105 2,440 2,665
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 70 50 20
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 0 0 0
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 20 20 0
Bilen 1,085 625 470 0 0 0
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 0 0 0
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 20 20 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 0 0 0
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 50 35 20
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 10 0 10
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 30 25 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 0 0 0
Harari 1,710 855 860 0 0 0
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 15 0 10
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 0 0 0
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 0 0 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 10 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 60 35 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 0 0 0
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 60 30 30
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 1,225 490 730
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 0 0 10
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 115 55 60
Fijian 1,660 955 705 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 20 0 15
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 20 10 15
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 0 0 0
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 35 15 20
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 0 0 0
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 1,095 445 650
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 20 0 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585 2,540 3,040 0 10 0
Creole languages 155,615 70,545 85,070 15 0 10
Haitian Creole 6,850 3,140 3,710 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 133,045 59,890 73,160 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 16,635 7,955 8,675 15 10 10
Dravidian languages 250,180 126,220 123,960 50 25 20
Kannada 8,245 4,180 4,065 0 0 0
Malayalam 37,810 19,410 18,400 10 10 0
Tamil 189,860 94,640 95,220 45 20 20
Telugu 23,160 12,770 10,390 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 790 385 405 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 870 435 435 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555 3,060 1,540 1,515
Albanian 31,930 16,140 15,790 10 0 0
Armenian 41,295 19,980 21,315 15 10 15
Balto-Slavic languages 817,315 384,960 432,350 375 195 185
Baltic languages 14,675 6,470 8,205 0 0 0
Latvian 6,500 2,960 3,540 10 10 0
Lithuanian 8,185 3,510 4,675 0 0 0
Slavic languages 805,915 379,965 425,945 375 190 180
Belarusan 2,265 1,070 1,195 0 0 0
Bosnian 18,265 9,055 9,215 0 0 0
Bulgarian 22,425 10,920 11,505 10 0 10
Croatian 69,840 34,515 35,325 25 20 10
Czech 28,720 13,675 15,050 80 55 25
Macedonian 23,075 11,190 11,880 0 0 0
Polish 214,965 99,365 115,600 50 25 30
Russian 269,645 127,055 142,595 145 65 75
Serbian 73,775 37,040 36,740 10 10 0
Serbo-Croatian 11,275 5,525 5,750 0 0 0
Slovak 21,470 10,215 11,255 15 10 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 11,495 5,205 6,290 30 10 25
Ukrainian 132,115 58,820 73,300 40 25 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,000 1,590 1,405 0 10 0
Celtic languages 9,165 4,705 4,455 20 10 10
Scottish Gaelic 3,980 2,010 1,975 10 10 0
Welsh 1,690 830 860 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 3,590 1,915 1,680 10 10 0
Germanic languages 695,535 337,215 358,320 1,360 715 650
Afrikaans 23,410 11,795 11,610 45 25 25
Danish 15,745 7,320 8,425 10 10 0
Dutch 120,865 57,885 62,990 155 75 75
Frisian 2,910 1,515 1,395 0 0 0
German 502,730 245,745 256,985 1,125 585 540
Icelandic 1,780 830 945 0 0 0
Norwegian 8,120 3,860 4,260 30 15 15
Swedish 14,140 6,510 7,635 25 15 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 4,400 1,945 2,455 0 0 0
Yiddish 20,985 10,435 10,550 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 8,710 4,425 4,285 0 0 0
Greek 150,965 75,510 75,455 10 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,658,220 840,850 817,365 315 190 125
Indo-Aryan languages 1,387,805 704,370 683,435 300 180 120
Bengali 91,220 46,935 44,285 20 10 10
Gujarati 149,045 74,765 74,285 50 45 10
Hindi 433,365 221,665 211,700 170 115 55
Kashmiri 905 490 420 0 0 0
Konkani 6,790 3,185 3,605 0 0 0
Marathi 15,570 8,200 7,365 0 0 0
Nepali 21,380 10,915 10,470 10 10 0
Oriya (Odia) 1,535 755 775 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 668,240 341,450 326,790 150 70 80
Sindhi 20,260 9,310 10,945 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 27,825 13,970 13,855 0 0 0
Urdu 322,220 164,685 157,535 50 25 25
Iranian languages 281,715 142,030 139,680 15 10 0
Kurdish 15,290 8,290 7,000 0 0 0
Pashto 23,180 12,465 10,715 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 252,320 126,565 125,755 15 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,875 4,715 4,155 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,897,630 898,530 999,100 1,130 490 635
Catalan 2,035 1,145 890 0 0 0
Italian 574,725 278,500 296,225 130 45 85
Portuguese 295,955 144,465 151,485 55 30 30
Romanian 115,050 55,275 59,770 15 0 10
Spanish 995,255 460,250 535,010 975 435 535
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,680 1,610 1,075 0 0 0
Japanese 83,090 36,760 46,335 105 55 45
Kartvelian languages 2,150 1,075 1,075 0 0 0
Georgian 2,150 1,080 1,070 0 0 0
Korean 172,755 80,170 92,590 70 20 50
Mongolic languages 2,090 960 1,130 10 0 0
Mongolian 2,090 960 1,130 10 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 177,215 88,135 89,080 65 40 25
Akan (Twi) 22,145 10,810 11,340 0 0 0
Bamanankan 3,190 1,660 1,530 0 0 10
Edo 3,220 1,510 1,705 0 0 0
Ewe 3,000 1,685 1,315 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 4,725 2,460 2,260 0 0 0
Ga 2,250 1,140 1,110 0 0 0
Ganda 2,495 1,175 1,320 0 0 0
Igbo 8,850 4,710 4,140 0 0 0
Lingala 17,010 7,865 9,145 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,590 4,075 4,515 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,860 3,600 4,260 0 0 10
Shona 5,425 2,530 2,905 0 10 0
Swahili 38,680 19,565 19,115 15 10 10
Wolof 8,240 4,455 3,785 0 0 0
Yoruba 22,420 11,475 10,940 10 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40,760 20,375 20,385 30 10 20
Nilo-Saharan languages 7,015 3,520 3,495 0 0 0
Dinka 2,475 1,280 1,190 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 4,555 2,240 2,315 0 0 0
Sign languages 48,115 18,985 29,130 55 25 35
American Sign Language 21,930 7,780 14,155 40 20 15
Quebec Sign Language 4,665 1,665 3,005 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 22,275 9,835 12,440 15 0 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430,440 672,100 758,340 305 150 155
Chinese languages 1,413,110 663,465 749,640 300 145 155
Cantonese 699,125 325,840 373,285 180 105 75
Hakka 12,445 5,555 6,890 0 0 0
Mandarin 814,450 377,635 436,815 185 80 105
Min Dong 1,045 440 600 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 42,840 19,005 23,835 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 16,530 7,490 9,040 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,690 19,995 21,690 10 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 590 250 340 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 18,270 9,100 9,175 0 0 0
Burmese 4,995 2,490 2,500 0 0 0
Karenic languages 4,895 2,425 2,475 0 0 0
Tibetan 7,050 3,555 3,490 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,160 1,220 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 30,400 13,210 17,195 40 25 15
Lao 17,235 8,240 8,990 10 0 0
Thai 15,390 5,875 9,520 40 20 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60,530 31,585 28,945 20 15 10
Azerbaijani 5,450 2,885 2,565 0 0 0
Turkish 50,775 26,605 24,165 10 0 0
Uyghur 1,385 685 700 0 0 0
Uzbek 2,465 1,230 1,235 10 10 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,870 905 965 0 0 0
Uralic languages 94,810 44,270 50,545 115 65 50
Estonian 6,070 2,750 3,315 0 0 0
Finnish 17,595 7,540 10,050 45 15 25
Hungarian 71,285 34,005 37,280 75 45 25
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 9,730 5,375 4,355 0 0 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 35,110 17,640 17,465
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 32,955 16,610 16,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 7,085 3,700 3,390
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 25,875 12,910 12,965
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 2,155 1,035 1,120
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 35,110 17,645 17,465
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 30,260 15,305 14,950
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 4,410 2,075 2,330
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 1,325 695 630
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 385 200 185
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 530 235 295
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 1,055 480 575
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 330 130 205
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 725 350 375
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 1,115 470 645
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 435 255 185
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 4,410 2,080 2,330
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 460 205 255
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 765 375 390
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 915 420 490
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 1,970 935 1,035
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 310 145 160
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 4,410 2,080 2,330
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 700 295 410
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 10 10 10
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 15 10 0
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 10 0 0
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 10 0 10
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 0 0 0
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 15 0 15
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 45 20 20
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 560 235 320
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 45 20 30
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 1,730 945 785
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 10 10 0
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 10 10 0
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 80 50 30
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 440 245 195
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 0 0 0
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 40 25 20
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 35 25 15
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 40 20 15
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 135 70 65
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 35 10 15
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 10 10 0
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 10 0 10
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 25 10 20
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 0 0 0
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 0 0 0
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 520 260 250
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 355 215 140
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 175 125 50
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 10 0 0
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 0