Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Nunavut [Territory]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Nunavut

[Territory]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Nunavut [Territory]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,906  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,433  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,819  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 0.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,877,778.53  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 35,945 18,390 17,550
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 11,685 5,975 5,710
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 4,155 2,130 2,025
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 4,120 2,130 1,985
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 3,415 1,720 1,700
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 22,895 11,710 11,190
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 3,140 1,600 1,535
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 3,045 1,535 1,510
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 3,185 1,610 1,580
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 2,815 1,390 1,425
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 2,385 1,210 1,180
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 2,030 1,065 965
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 2,065 1,055 1,005
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 1,840 955 890
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 1,405 750 655
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 975 535 440
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 1,360 710 655
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 655 340 310
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 345 180 165
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 205 110 100
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 105 50 50
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 55 25 25
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 40 20 25
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 10 5 5
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 5 5 5
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 32.5 32.5 32.5
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 63.7 63.7 63.8
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 3.8 3.9 3.7
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 0.2 0.1 0.1
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 27.7 27.8 27.5
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 25.1 25.2 25.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 24,260 12,415 11,840
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 12,895 6,480 6,420
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 6,625 3,350 3,280
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 6,270 3,130 3,140
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 11,360 5,935 5,425
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 9,790 5,345 4,450
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 405 185 215
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 440 190 255
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 720 220 505
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 4,475 2,555 1,915
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 35,690 18,200 17,490
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 32,065 16,345 15,715
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 60 35 20
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 1,525 795 725
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 2,045 1,025 1,025
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 35,690 18,200 17,490
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 32,990 16,795 16,195
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 580 340 240
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 90 50 40
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 2,025 1,015 1,015
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 625 365 260
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 1.8 2.0 1.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 35,695 18,200 17,490
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 34,960 17,830 17,130
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 11,615 6,085 5,530
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 11,020 5,740 5,280
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 595 350 240
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 23,345 11,740 11,605
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 22,610 11,360 11,250
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 15 5 10
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 0 0 0
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 0 0 0
Moose Cree 100 50 55 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 0 0 0
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 0 0 0
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 5 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 5 5 0
Malecite 305 140 160 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 0 0 0
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 0 0 0
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 0 0 0
Chilcotin 660 295 360 0 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 0 0 5
Gwich'in 260 110 145 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 0
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 0 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 0 0 0
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 22,600 11,355 11,245
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 495 220 275
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 22,070 11,125 10,945
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 30 10 20
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 0 0 0
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 0 0 0
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 0 0 0
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 0 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 0 0 0
Dakota 1,215 570 635 0 0 0
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 0
Nisga'a 400 200 200 0 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 0
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 735 380 350
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 75 60 20
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 0 0 0
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 5 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 10 10 0
Bilen 805 455 350 0 0 0
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 5 5 0
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 10 5 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 0 0 0
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 60 45 15
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 20 10 5
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 40 30 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 0 0 0
Harari 1,320 635 685 0 0 0
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 0 0 0
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 0 0 0
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 5 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 5 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 0 5 0
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 175 65 105
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 0 0 0
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 5 5 5
Fijian 745 400 345 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 5 5 5
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 20 5 10
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 0 0 0
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 0 0 0
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 135 50 80
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 0 0 0
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 0 0 5
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 20 10 10
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 0 0 0
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 5 0 0
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 15 10 5
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 270 145 120
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 0 0 0
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 40 30 15
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 0 0 0
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 0 0 0
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 0 0 0
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 45 30 15
Belarusan 810 385 430 0 0 0
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 0 0 0
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 0 5 0
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 0 0 0
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 5 0 0
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 0 0 0
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 15 15 0
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 10 5 5
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 0 0 0
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 0 0 0
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 5 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 0 0 0
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 0 0 0
Welsh 1,075 495 575 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 0 0 0
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 70 40 30
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 0 0 0
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 5 5 0
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 15 5 5
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 0 0 0
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 35 20 15
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 0 0 0
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 10 5 5
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 0 0 0
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 5 0 0
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 85 45 45
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 80 40 35
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 25 15 15
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 5 0 0
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 5 5 5
Kashmiri 565 300 265 0 0 0
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 0 0 0
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 0 0 5
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 5 5 0
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 0 0 5
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 25 15 15
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 10 5 5
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 0 5 0
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 10 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 60 30 30
Catalan 865 440 425 0 0 0
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 5 5 5
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 5 5 0
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 10 0 5
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 45 20 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 0 0 0
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 0 0 5
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Georgian 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 10 0 5
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 0 0 0
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 75 50 30
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 5 5 0
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 0 0 0
Edo 1,670 770 900 0 0 0
Ewe 1,760 950 805 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 0 0 0
Ga 920 445 470 0 0 0
Ganda 1,295 625 665 0 0 0
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 5 0 0
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 0 0 0
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 15 10 5
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 5 0 0
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 0 0 0
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 30 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 0 0 0
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 0 0 0
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 20 10 10
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 50 20 30
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 50 20 30
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 15 5 10
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 0 0 0
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 10 5 5
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 20 10 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 5 0 0
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 0 0 0
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 0 0 0
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 0 0 5
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 0 0 0
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 5 0 5
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 0 0 0
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 5 0 0
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 0 0 0
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 20 10 5
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 0 0 0
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 5 5 5
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 10 5 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 5 0 5
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 735 370 365
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 25 10 15
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 685 355 335
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 10 5 10
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 10 5 5
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 35,695 18,200 17,490
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 35,085 17,895 17,185
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 17,030 8,660 8,370
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 16,685 8,470 8,215
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 345 190 155
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 18,055 9,240 8,815
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 17,735 9,070 8,665
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 5 5 0
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 0 0 0
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 0 0 0
Woods Cree 800 410 390 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 5 0 0
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 5 5 0
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 17,735 9,070 8,665
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 110 45 60
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 17,600 9,015 8,590
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 20 10 15
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 0 0 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 0 0 0
Dakota 255 140 120 0 0 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 320 165 150
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 30 20 15
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 0 0 0
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 5 5 0
Bilen 620 330 285 0 0 0
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 0 5 0
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 0 0 0
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 25 15 10
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 15 5 5
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 15 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 0 0 0
Harari 735 335 400 0 0 0
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 0 0 0
Maltese 1,130 525 605 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 0 0 0
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 120 55 60
Bikol 290 140 155 0 0 0
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 0 0 0
Fijian 195 105 90 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 0 0 0
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 0 0 0
Malagasy 435 220 210 0 0 0
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 0 0 0
Pangasinan 240 110 135 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 110 55 60
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 0 0 0
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 5 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 15 10 5
Kannada 1,630 825 800 0 0 0
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 0 0 0
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 15 10 5
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 85 50 35
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 0 0 0
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 5 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 10 5 5
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 0 0 0
Latvian 1,255 530 725 0 0 0
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 0 0 0
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 10 5 5
Belarusan 230 105 120 0 0 0
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 0 0 0
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 0 0 0
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 0 0 0
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 0 0 0
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 0 0 0
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 5 0 0
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 5 0 0
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 0 5 0
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 0 0 0
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 0 0 0
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 0 5 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 0 0 0
Celtic languages 360 205 155 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 0 0 0
Welsh 95 50 45 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 0 0 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 5 5 5
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 0 0 0
Danish 855 410 445 0 0 0
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 0 0 0
Frisian 185 95 90 0 0 0
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 0 5 0
Icelandic 270 120 150 0 0 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 0 0 0
Swedish 1,045 500 545 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 0 0 0
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 0 0 0
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 45 25 20
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 45 25 20
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 20 15 10
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 0 0 0
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 0 0 0
Kashmiri 135 70 70 0 0 0
Konkani 720 355 370 0 0 0
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 5 0 0
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 0 5 0
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 0 0 0
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 15 5 5
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 5 5 0
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 0 0 0
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 25 15 10
Catalan 355 165 190 0 0 0
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 0 0 0
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 0 0 0
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 0 5 0
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 0 0 0
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 0 0 0
Georgian 1,035 565 475 0 0 0
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 0 0 0
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 0 0 0
Mongolian 910 435 470 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 20 10 10
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 0 5 0
Bamanankan 340 180 160 0 0 0
Edo 415 175 240 0 0 0
Ewe 410 185 225 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 0 0 0
Ga 250 105 140 0 0 0
Ganda 345 160 185 0 0 0
Igbo 1,000 485 510 5 5 5
Lingala 1,045 455 590 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 0 0 0
Shona 1,035 475 560 5 0 0
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 0 0 0
Wolof 1,380 745 635 0 0 0
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 0 0 0
Dinka 1,130 580 550 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 0 0 0
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 35 20 15
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 25 15 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 15 5 10
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 15 5 10
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 5 0 5
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 0 0 0
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 5 0 5
Min Dong 345 150 195 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 5 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 0 0 0
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 0 0 0
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 0 0 0
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 0 0 0
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 0 0 0
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 0 0 0
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 0 0 0
Uyghur 610 315 290 0 0 0
Uzbek 990 505 490 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 0 0 0
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 0 0 0
Estonian 975 365 610 0 0 0
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 0 0 0
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 610 305 305
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 20 10 10
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 585 290 295
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 5 5 0
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 5 5 5
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 35,690 18,205 17,490
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 17,430 8,995 8,435
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 9,555 4,885 4,670
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 240 130 110
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 8,425 4,175 4,250
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 7,990 3,960 4,025
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 435 215 220
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 0 0 0
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 20 15 10
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 15 5 10
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 23,930 12,180 11,755
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 22,435 11,345 11,090
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 29,743 28,817 30,326
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 22,435 11,345 11,090
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 28,635 27,517 29,403
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 19,220 9,910 9,315
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 30,583 31,667 29,517
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 21,890 11,040 10,840
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 2,524 1,275 4,682
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 18,590 9,605 8,985
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 29,724 30,603 28,640
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 23,935 12,175 11,755
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 22,435 11,345 11,090
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 50,689 50,882 50,492
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 22,435 11,345 11,090
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 43,247 42,937 43,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 19,225 9,905 9,310
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 52,115 53,453 50,693
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 21,885 11,045 10,845
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 6,191 4,314 8,103
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 18,590 9,605 8,980
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 51,195 52,454 49,849
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 23,930 12,175 11,755
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 7,580 3,925 3,655
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 90,230 88,548 91,332
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 88,321 89,311 87,259
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 88.1 91.8 84.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 83.7 87.2 80.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 11.9 8.3 15.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 23,930 12,180 11,755
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 1,495 830 665
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 22,435 11,345 11,095
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 93.8 93.1 94.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 5,320 3,165 2,155
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 3,350 1,480 1,870
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 2,610 1,135 1,475
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 1,810 840 965
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 1,190 575 610
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 810 400 410
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 730 375 360
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 735 370 365
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 820 440 380
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 835 375 460
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 4,230 2,185 2,045
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 3,215 1,570 1,645
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 1,010 615 400
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 23,930 12,180 11,755
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 1,495 835 665
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 22,435 11,345 11,095
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 93.8 93.1 94.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 5,335 3,165 2,170
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 3,410 1,530 1,880
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 2,825 1,250 1,570
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 1,920 915 1,005
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 1,270 605 665
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 980 500 485
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 1,015 505 510
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 1,085 555 530
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 4,595 2,315 2,280
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 1,095 500 590
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 1,025 480 550
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 2,475 1,335 1,145
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 23,930 12,180 11,755
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 5,340 2,575 2,770
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 18,590 9,600 8,985
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 77.7 78.8 76.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 3,930 1,925 2,000
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 1,800 875 925
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 2,150 1,135 1,015
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 1,440 815 620
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 1,025 580 445
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 815 430 380
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 710 350 360
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 655 355 295
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 680 360 320
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 5,390 2,775 2,615
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 755 410 345
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 805 345 460
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 3,830 2,020 1,810
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,184  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,778  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,823  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,818  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,262  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,267  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,628  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 162,304  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,476  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,481  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 162,943  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,556  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,126  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,121  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 2,705 1,580 1,130
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 61,995 50,048 78,080
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 54,496 45,227 66,918
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 2,705 1,585 1,130
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 74,013 68,372 81,933
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 61,196 56,528 67,748
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 35,580 18,135 17,440
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 19,105 9,740 9,360
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 5,315 2,730 2,590
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 4,460 2,250 2,210
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 3,725 1,915 1,815
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 2,865 1,470 1,395
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 2,725 1,380 1,355
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 16,475 8,390 8,085
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 2,285 1,195 1,085
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 2,420 1,250 1,175
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 2,555 1,290 1,260
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 3,180 1,635 1,550
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 6,035 3,020 3,015
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 0 0 0
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 0 0 0
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 0 0 0
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 35,580 18,135 17,445
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 33,535 17,120 16,420
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 33,485 17,080 16,400
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 1,565 820 745
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 28,440 14,375 14,065
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 27,345 13,815 13,530
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 30 15 15
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 15 10 10
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 0 0 0
Moose Cree 195 80 115 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 0 0 0
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 15 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 0 10 0
Malecite 755 370 390 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 10 0 0
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 0 0 0
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 10 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 0 0 0
Beaver 340 180 165 0 0 0
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 0 0 0
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 0 0 0
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 0 0 0
Gwich'in 360 165 200 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 0 0 0
Sekani 185 85 100 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 0 0 0
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 0 0 0
Tahltan 270 140 130 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 0 0 0
Haida 465 205 260 0 0 0
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 27,320 13,805 13,520
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 1,135 525 615
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 26,215 13,305 12,910
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 35 15 20
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 0 0 0
Cayuga 125 40 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 0 0 0
Oneida 180 60 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 0 0 0
Kutenai 175 95 80 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 585 625 0 0 0
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 0 0 0
Comox 185 75 110 0 0 0
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 0 0 0
Lillooet 790 405 385 0 0 0
Okanagan 820 370 450 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 0 0 0
Squamish 285 125 155 0 0 0
Straits 360 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 0 0 0
Dakota 1,760 870 890 0 0 0
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 0 0 0
Tlingit 260 140 120 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 0 0 0
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 0 0 0
Tsimshian 410 180 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 0 0 0
Haisla 175 65 110 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 1,235 625 605
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 120 80 40
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 0 0 0
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 25 15 0
Bilen 1,085 625 470 0 0 0
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 0 0 0
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 25 15 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 0 0 0
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 85 60 30
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 20 20 0
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 55 45 20
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 0 0 0
Harari 1,710 855 860 0 0 0
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 10 10 10
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 0 0 0
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 10 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 10 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 10 10 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 0 0 0
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 215 80 130
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 10 0 0
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 0 0 0
Fijian 1,660 955 705 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 0 0 0
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 15 10 10
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 0 0 0
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 0 10 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 10 10 0
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 200 80 125
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585 2,540 3,040 0 0 0
Creole languages 155,615 70,545 85,070 15 0 10
Haitian Creole 6,850 3,140 3,710 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 133,045 59,890 73,160 10 0 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 16,635 7,955 8,675 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 250,180 126,220 123,960 20 10 10
Kannada 8,245 4,180 4,065 0 0 0
Malayalam 37,810 19,410 18,400 0 0 0
Tamil 189,860 94,640 95,220 20 15 0
Telugu 23,160 12,770 10,390 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 790 385 405 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 870 435 435 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555 565 290 275
Albanian 31,930 16,140 15,790 10 0 0
Armenian 41,295 19,980 21,315 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 817,315 384,960 432,350 75 40 35
Baltic languages 14,675 6,470 8,205 0 0 0
Latvian 6,500 2,960 3,540 0 0 0
Lithuanian 8,185 3,510 4,675 0 0 0
Slavic languages 805,915 379,965 425,945 75 45 35
Belarusan 2,265 1,070 1,195 0 0 0
Bosnian 18,265 9,055 9,215 0 10 0
Bulgarian 22,425 10,920 11,505 10 10 0
Croatian 69,840 34,515 35,325 0 0 0
Czech 28,720 13,675 15,050 0 10 0
Macedonian 23,075 11,190 11,880 0 0 0
Polish 214,965 99,365 115,600 25 15 10
Russian 269,645 127,055 142,595 35 15 20
Serbian 73,775 37,040 36,740 10 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 11,275 5,525 5,750 0 0 0
Slovak 21,470 10,215 11,255 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 11,495 5,205 6,290 0 0 0
Ukrainian 132,115 58,820 73,300 10 0 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,000 1,590 1,405 0 0 0
Celtic languages 9,165 4,705 4,455 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 3,980 2,010 1,975 0 0 0
Welsh 1,690 830 860 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 3,590 1,915 1,680 0 0 0
Germanic languages 695,535 337,215 358,320 150 70 75
Afrikaans 23,410 11,795 11,610 15 10 10
Danish 15,745 7,320 8,425 15 0 0
Dutch 120,865 57,885 62,990 15 0 10
Frisian 2,910 1,515 1,395 0 0 0
German 502,730 245,745 256,985 105 50 55
Icelandic 1,780 830 945 0 0 0
Norwegian 8,120 3,860 4,260 10 0 0
Swedish 14,140 6,510 7,635 10 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 4,400 1,945 2,455 0 0 10
Yiddish 20,985 10,435 10,550 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 8,710 4,425 4,285 0 0 0
Greek 150,965 75,510 75,455 10 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,658,220 840,850 817,365 100 55 45
Indo-Aryan languages 1,387,805 704,370 683,435 95 50 40
Bengali 91,220 46,935 44,285 30 15 15
Gujarati 149,045 74,765 74,285 10 0 0
Hindi 433,365 221,665 211,700 30 20 10
Kashmiri 905 490 420 0 0 0
Konkani 6,790 3,185 3,605 0 0 0
Marathi 15,570 8,200 7,365 0 0 0
Nepali 21,380 10,915 10,470 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 1,535 755 775 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 668,240 341,450 326,790 15 10 10
Sindhi 20,260 9,310 10,945 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 27,825 13,970 13,855 0 0 10
Urdu 322,220 164,685 157,535 35 20 15
Iranian languages 281,715 142,030 139,680 10 10 0
Kurdish 15,290 8,290 7,000 0 0 0
Pashto 23,180 12,465 10,715 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 252,320 126,565 125,755 10 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,875 4,715 4,155 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,897,630 898,530 999,100 255 125 130
Catalan 2,035 1,145 890 0 0 0
Italian 574,725 278,500 296,225 40 20 20
Portuguese 295,955 144,465 151,485 10 10 0
Romanian 115,050 55,275 59,770 10 0 0
Spanish 995,255 460,250 535,010 210 105 105
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,680 1,610 1,075 0 0 0
Japanese 83,090 36,760 46,335 10 0 0
Kartvelian languages 2,150 1,075 1,075 0 0 0
Georgian 2,150 1,080 1,070 0 0 0
Korean 172,755 80,170 92,590 10 0 0
Mongolic languages 2,090 960 1,130 0 0 0
Mongolian 2,090 960 1,130 10 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 177,215 88,135 89,080 110 70 40
Akan (Twi) 22,145 10,810 11,340 10 0 0
Bamanankan 3,190 1,660 1,530 0 0 0
Edo 3,220 1,510 1,705 0 0 0
Ewe 3,000 1,685 1,315 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 4,725 2,460 2,260 0 0 0
Ga 2,250 1,140 1,110 0 0 0
Ganda 2,495 1,175 1,320 10 0 10
Igbo 8,850 4,710 4,140 0 0 0
Lingala 17,010 7,865 9,145 10 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,590 4,075 4,515 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,860 3,600 4,260 0 0 0
Shona 5,425 2,530 2,905 20 15 0
Swahili 38,680 19,565 19,115 20 15 10
Wolof 8,240 4,455 3,785 0 0 0
Yoruba 22,420 11,475 10,940 15 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40,760 20,375 20,385 50 35 20
Nilo-Saharan languages 7,015 3,520 3,495 0 0 0
Dinka 2,475 1,280 1,190 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 4,555 2,240 2,315 0 0 0
Sign languages 48,115 18,985 29,130 135 60 75
American Sign Language 21,930 7,780 14,155 70 35 40
Quebec Sign Language 4,665 1,665 3,005 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 22,275 9,835 12,440 70 30 40
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430,440 672,100 758,340 80 40 40
Chinese languages 1,413,110 663,465 749,640 75 40 40
Cantonese 699,125 325,840 373,285 25 10 15
Hakka 12,445 5,555 6,890 0 0 0
Mandarin 814,450 377,635 436,815 30 10 15
Min Dong 1,045 440 600 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 42,840 19,005 23,835 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 16,530 7,490 9,040 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,690 19,995 21,690 30 15 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 590 250 340 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 18,270 9,100 9,175 10 0 0
Burmese 4,995 2,490 2,500 10 0 0
Karenic languages 4,895 2,425 2,475 0 0 0
Tibetan 7,050 3,555 3,490 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,160 1,220 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 30,400 13,210 17,195 0 0 10
Lao 17,235 8,240 8,990 0 0 0
Thai 15,390 5,875 9,520 0 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60,530 31,585 28,945 10 0 10
Azerbaijani 5,450 2,885 2,565 0 0 0
Turkish 50,775 26,605 24,165 10 10 0
Uyghur 1,385 685 700 0 0 0
Uzbek 2,465 1,230 1,235 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,870 905 965 0 0 0
Uralic languages 94,810 44,270 50,545 20 10 10
Estonian 6,070 2,750 3,315 0 0 0
Finnish 17,595 7,540 10,050 10 10 0
Hungarian 71,285 34,005 37,280 10 10 10
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 9,730 5,375 4,355 15 10 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 35,580 18,140 17,440
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 35,285 17,990 17,290
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 13,480 6,915 6,560
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 21,805 11,080 10,725
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 300 145 155
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 35,580 18,140 17,445
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 34,600 17,630 16,980
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 915 485 435
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 155 95 55
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 100 60 40
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 160 85 75
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 335 170 165
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 165 90 70
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 175 80 95
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 165 75 90
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 55 25 35
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 920 485 430
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 100 50 55
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 160 95 65
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 165 85 75
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 435 225 215
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 55 35 25
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 920 485 430
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 160 75 85
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 0 0 0
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 0 0 0
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 0 0 0
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 10 0 0
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 0 0 0
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 25 10 15
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 0 10 0
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 10 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 10 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 65 30 35
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 45 25 25
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 195 120 70
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 0 0 0
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 0 0 0
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 10 0 10
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 25 15 10
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 0 0 0
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 0 10 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 0 0 0
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 10 0 10
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 10 0 0
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 15 10 0
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 0 10 0
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 10 0 0
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 10 0 10
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 10 0 0
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 10 10 0
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 80 50 30
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 30 15 10
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 190 110 80
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 0 0 0
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 0 0 0
Ethiopia 32,790 15,980 16,810 20 10 10