Census Profile, 2016 Census
Prince Edward Island [Province] and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Prince Edward Island

[Province]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Prince Edward Island [Province]  Map : Prince Edward Island [Province] Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 142,907  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 140,204  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 71,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 59,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 25.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,686.03  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 142,910 69,305 73,605 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 22,685 11,570 11,115 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 7,005 3,645 3,360 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 7,905 3,985 3,925 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 7,775 3,940 3,830 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 92,510 45,090 47,420 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 8,645 4,435 4,215 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 8,620 4,390 4,225 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 7,650 3,700 3,945 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 7,760 3,735 4,025 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 8,180 3,885 4,295 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 8,820 4,235 4,585 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 9,560 4,650 4,910 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 11,250 5,425 5,825 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 11,330 5,420 5,915 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 10,685 5,215 5,475 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 27,710 12,640 15,070 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 9,940 4,830 5,110 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 6,625 3,170 3,455 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 4,695 2,180 2,520 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 3,370 1,440 1,930 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 3,080 1,020 2,060 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 1,895 715 1,180 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 910 260 650 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 250 45 210 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 30 5 25 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.9 16.7 15.1 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 64.7 65.1 64.4 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 19.4 18.2 20.5 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.5 2.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.7 41.7 43.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 44.5 43.6 45.4 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 41,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 15,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 2,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 16,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 22,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 9,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 139,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 120,220 57,735 62,490 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 71,650 35,815 35,835 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 60,895 30,465 30,430 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 10,760 5,355 5,405 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 48,570 21,920 26,655 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 30,750 16,290 14,460 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 3,500 1,470 2,025 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 6,620 2,665 3,955 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 7,700 1,495 6,210 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 41,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 23,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 41,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 35,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 29,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 5,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 35,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 18,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 16,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 23,270 10,455 12,810 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 40,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 18,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 18,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 16,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 141,015 68,540 72,480 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 121,815 60,290 61,525 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 115 55 65 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 17,840 7,540 10,295 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 1,250 650 600 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 141,015 68,535 72,485 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 135,015 65,690 69,320 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 4,550 2,105 2,445 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 235 105 130 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 1,225 630 590 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,665 2,160 2,510 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.3 3.2 3.5 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 141,020 68,535 72,480 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 140,020 68,085 71,935 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 132,870 64,475 68,390 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 128,005 62,235 65,765 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 4,865 2,245 2,620 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 7,155 3,605 3,550 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 50 25 20 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 40 20 20 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 5 5 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 5 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 40 20 15 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 5 5 0 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 5 5 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,110 3,580 3,525 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 655 365 295 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 0 0 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 50 25 25 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 0 0 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 50 25 20 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 610 340 270 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 5 5 5 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 575 315 260 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 25 15 10 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 0 5 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 0 0 0 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 65 55 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 120 65 55 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 395 155 240 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 0 0 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 15 5 10 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 5 0 5 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 10 0 5 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 365 140 220 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 15 5 10 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 5 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 110 60 50 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 15 5 5 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 55 30 25 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 20 5 10 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 20 10 10 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 2,575 1,320 1,260 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 95 55 45 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 5 0 0 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 385 190 195 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 5 5 0 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 5 5 0 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 0 0 5 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 380 190 195 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 30 15 10 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 10 5 5 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 25 15 10 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 15 10 10 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 0 0 0 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 70 30 40 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 140 70 70 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 20 10 10 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 5 0 0 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 45 20 30 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 20 10 5 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 10 5 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 900 460 435 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 20 15 10 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 20 15 5 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 465 240 220 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 35 20 15 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 320 155 165 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 5 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 5 0 0 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 10 0 0 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 0 0 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 10 5 10 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 685 340 345 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 500 240 260 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 40 25 15 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 5 5 5 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 50 25 20 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 0 0 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 0 0 0 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 205 80 120 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 105 55 50 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 0 0 0 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 25 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 50 25 30 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 180 90 85 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 0 0 0 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 0 0 0 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 180 90 85 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 475 250 230 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 65 40 25 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 80 40 40 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 25 15 10 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 305 150 150 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 95 25 75 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 120 50 65 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 85 45 40 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 0 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 0 0 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 5 5 0 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 0 0 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 5 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 0 0 0 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 20 10 10 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 25 10 10 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 15 10 10 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 0 0 0 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,790 1,420 1,365 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 2,740 1,400 1,340 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 210 95 110 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 0 0 0 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 2,165 1,170 995 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 25 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 295 100 190 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 20 25 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 20 10 10 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 20 15 10 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 0 0 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 20 0 15 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 0 0 0 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 20 0 15 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 20 10 10 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 20 10 10 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 5 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 90 50 40 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 5 5 0 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 20 10 10 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 65 35 25 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 995 450 540 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 485 210 275 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 460 220 240 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 30 15 15 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 141,015 68,535 72,485 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 139,500 67,810 71,690 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 134,930 65,480 69,445 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 132,670 64,445 68,225 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 2,260 1,035 1,225 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 4,575 2,325 2,245 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 10 5 0 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,565 2,325 2,245 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 435 235 205 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 30 15 15 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 30 15 15 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 410 215 190 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 0 0 0 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 395 210 185 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 15 10 10 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 0 0 0 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 95 55 40 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 95 55 45 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 235 100 135 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 5 0 0 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 0 5 0 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 0 0 5 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 230 100 130 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 0 5 0 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 65 35 25 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 10 5 5 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 40 25 15 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 0 5 0 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 5 0 0 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 1,115 560 555 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 45 30 20 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 0 0 0 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 175 85 90 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 0 0 0 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 0 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 180 85 90 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 20 10 10 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 5 5 0 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 5 5 5 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 5 0 0 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 20 5 10 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 85 40 45 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 10 5 5 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 0 0 0 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 15 5 5 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 5 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 5 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 200 100 100 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 5 5 5 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 5 0 5 855 410 445
Dutch 75 40 40 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 10 5 5 185 95 90
German 100 50 50 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 5 0 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 5 0 5 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 460 225 240 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 320 150 170 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 25 10 10 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 5 5 0 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 10 5 5 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 0 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 170 70 100 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 65 35 30 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 10 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 20 10 10 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 135 70 65 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 0 0 0 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 0 0 0 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 135 70 65 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 215 120 95 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 15 10 5 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 25 10 10 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 15 5 5 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 165 95 70 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 45 15 25 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 80 35 40 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 5 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 5 0 5 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 5 5 5 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 15 10 5 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 5 5 0 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,395 1,240 1,160 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 2,370 1,225 1,145 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 115 50 65 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 1,925 1,070 855 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 270 85 190 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 10 20 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 15 5 10 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 10 5 5 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 0 0 0 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 10 0 10 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 10 5 5 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 15 5 5 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 40 20 25 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 5 5 975 365 610
Finnish 0 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 35 20 20 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 1,520 725 790 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 350 140 205 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 1,150 575 575 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 5 0 0 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 15 5 10 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 141,015 68,540 72,480 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 133,895 65,280 68,610 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 2,550 1,215 1,335 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 2,850 1,205 1,650 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 1,635 795 840 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 25 10 15 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 1,605 785 825 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 15 0 10 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 30 15 15 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 40 15 25 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 117,055 56,365 60,690 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 113,480 54,635 58,845 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,744 36,021 28,065 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 113,500 54,635 58,860 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,298 31,453 25,484 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 102,410 50,325 52,080 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,979 31,133 23,501 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,220 38,945 48,280 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,232 8,959 7,645 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,035 43,395 42,640 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,851 29,875 24,280 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 117,055 56,365 60,690 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 113,455 54,690 58,775 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,899 43,979 34,171 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 113,470 54,685 58,785 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,504 36,004 29,249 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 102,480 50,470 52,015 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,474 40,517 30,579 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,040 38,985 48,055 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,938 9,236 8,696 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,035 43,380 42,655 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,919 39,152 30,613 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 117,050 56,360 60,690 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 38,235 19,905 18,330 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,183 48,030 42,618 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 51,473 55,726 46,855 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.5 85.1 79.4 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.1 70.4 65.2 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.5 14.9 20.6 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 117,055 56,365 60,690 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 3,570 1,725 1,845 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 113,485 54,635 58,845 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 97.0 96.9 97.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,190 6,250 7,940 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 20,695 8,245 12,450 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 18,775 7,895 10,880 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 16,825 8,085 8,745 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 13,650 7,035 6,610 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 9,365 5,095 4,270 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 6,135 3,490 2,645 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 4,580 2,515 2,065 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 3,005 1,625 1,375 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 1,725 1,085 645 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 4,525 3,320 1,205 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 3,220 2,310 910 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 1,305 1,010 295 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 117,050 56,365 60,690 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 3,555 1,725 1,830 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 113,500 54,635 58,860 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 97.0 96.9 97.0 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,850 6,410 8,435 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 22,520 9,115 13,405 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 23,185 10,240 12,940 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 19,990 10,010 9,985 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 13,485 7,175 6,305 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 8,060 4,550 3,510 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 4,980 2,625 2,355 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 2,435 1,570 865 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 3,995 2,945 1,040 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 1,360 960 395 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 825 595 230 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 1,815 1,395 415 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 117,055 56,365 60,690 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 31,015 12,970 18,050 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 86,035 43,395 42,640 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 73.5 77.0 70.3 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,240 5,470 5,775 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 8,730 3,810 4,920 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 15,030 7,035 7,995 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 11,410 5,440 5,970 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 10,230 4,910 5,325 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 8,635 4,475 4,155 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 6,355 3,565 2,790 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 4,180 2,325 1,855 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 3,420 1,785 1,630 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 6,795 4,580 2,225 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 2,240 1,205 1,030 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 1,240 805 435 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 3,320 2,565 760 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,434  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,861  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 43,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,396  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,789  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 43,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 14,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 8,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 2,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 41,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,607  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,071  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 18,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,078  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,702  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 84,712  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,073  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,468  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 41,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,477  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,626  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 18,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,333  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,639  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,050 9,545 11,505 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,886 29,448 26,731 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,260 26,181 24,551 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 20,935 9,590 11,340 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,224 36,569 34,087 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,060 30,819 29,418 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 139,685 67,895 71,790 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 82,130 38,970 43,160 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 14,010 6,555 7,455 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 18,400 8,230 10,170 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 16,875 8,095 8,780 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 16,630 8,135 8,495 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 16,215 7,960 8,255 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 57,555 28,925 28,630 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 15,765 7,885 7,880 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 14,160 7,130 7,035 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 11,940 5,970 5,970 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 9,550 4,840 4,715 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 6,140 3,100 3,035 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 139,090 67,610 71,480 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 27,505 14,040 13,465 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 8,435 4,385 4,055 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 85,800 41,555 44,240 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 25,780 12,010 13,775 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 23,460 10,585 12,870 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 5,980 3,015 2,965 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 2,030 1,025 1,000 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 12,380 5,625 6,755 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 5,100 1,945 3,155 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.9 15.7 18.0 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 21.7 21.5 22.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 24.1 23.4 24.7 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.5 15.3 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 19.8 16.2 22.9 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,730 4,215 4,515 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 2,045 1,045 1,000 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 670 335 340 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 6,210 2,995 3,220 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 480 180 300 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.3 6.2 6.3 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.4 7.4 7.4 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 7.9 7.6 8.4 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 7.2 7.2 7.3 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.5 2.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 139,685 67,895 71,785 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 138,860 67,475 71,380 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 138,735 67,430 71,305 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 17,875 7,360 10,515 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 8,685 4,305 4,375 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 80 40 40 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 70 30 40 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 70 30 40 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 70 30 40 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 10 10 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 10 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 10 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,605 4,270 4,340 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 745 430 315 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 0 0 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 15 0 10 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 0 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 15 10 10 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 735 425 310 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 0 0 0 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 650 375 275 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 80 45 40 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 0 0 0 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 30 25 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 55 30 20 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 660 280 375 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 30 10 25 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 0 0 0 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 40 15 25 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 15 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 615 255 355 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 55 35 25 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 30 20 10 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 170 105 70 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 40 20 20 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 105 60 40 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 40 25 15 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 10 10 0 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 3,970 1,940 2,035 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 90 60 35 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 0 0 0 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 490 215 270 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 10 0 0 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 10 10 0 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 0 0 0 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 485 210 275 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 0 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 20 15 10 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 10 0 0 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 40 10 30 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 35 20 15 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 0 0 0 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 80 25 55 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 255 125 135 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 40 20 20 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 0 0 0 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 10 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 25 10 10 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 85 50 35 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 50 25 30 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 30 20 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 1,225 575 655 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 25 15 10 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 60 25 35 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 550 260 285 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 55 30 15 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 570 250 325 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 25 10 15 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 15 0 15 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 20 10 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 40 10 30 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 900 470 430 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 635 320 315 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 25 15 10 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 0 0 0 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 165 95 60 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 0 0 0 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 250 100 150 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 185 95 85 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 0 0 0 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 30 20 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 75 40 35 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 265 145 115 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 0 0 0 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 0 0 0 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 265 150 115 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 1,290 610 680 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 190 100 90 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 175 105 70 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 25 0 15 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 945 420 530 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 125 60 65 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 185 85 100 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 200 90 105 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 15 15 0 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 0 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 0 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 0 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 40 15 25 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 10 0 0 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 0 0 0 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 20 10 15 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 0 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 75 40 40 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 95 45 50 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 25 0 20 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,460 1,260 1,205 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 2,445 1,245 1,200 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 300 115 185 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 0 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 2,105 1,110 990 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 10 30 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 40 65 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 120 75 35 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 10 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 10 10 10 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 10 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 0 0 0 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 20 10 10 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 55 25 30 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 55 30 30 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 105 50 55 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 0 10 0 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 20 10 15 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 80 35 40 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 139,685 67,900 71,785 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 133,655 64,805 68,845 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 26,415 13,440 12,975 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 107,235 51,365 55,875 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,035 3,090 2,940 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 139,685 67,895 71,790 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 129,405 62,795 66,610 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,940 4,375 4,565 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 2,460 1,185 1,275 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 565 240 325 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 670 330 340 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 1,890 950 935 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 560 295 260 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 1,335 650 680 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,360 1,670 1,690 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,340 725 615 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,940 4,375 4,565 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 1,065 515 550 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 1,895 960 935 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 1,410 690 720 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 3,660 1,710 1,950 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 910 505 405 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,940 4,375 4,565 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 1,545 700 850 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 20 15 0 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 60 20 35 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 10 0 0 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 0 0 0 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 25 10 10 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 30 20 10 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 20 0 15 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 15 10 0 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 25 0 20 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,205 550 660 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 150 60 85 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 3,015 1,560 1,455 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 15 20 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 20 0 15 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 55 40 15 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 260 100 155 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 15 10 0 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 65 30 30 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 50 35 10 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 60 35 30 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 470 220 250 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 55 20 35 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 70 35 30 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 15 0 0 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 80 35 45 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 30 20 15 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 45 25 15 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,370 755 615 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 335 180 155 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 340 170 170 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 0 0 0 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 70 45 30 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 0 10 0 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 10 0 0 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 10 10 0 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 70 25 40 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 10 0 10 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 65 25 40 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 110 60 45 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 4,005 1,935 2,075 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 0 0 0 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 10 0 10 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,835 895 940 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 100 50 50 208,940 98,020 110,915
India