Census Profile, 2016 Census
Nova Scotia [Province] and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nova Scotia

[Province]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : Nova Scotia [Province] Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 923,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 921,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 458,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 17.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 52,942.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 923,600 446,885 476,715 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 133,825 68,370 65,455 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 42,005 21,365 20,640 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 45,980 23,650 22,330 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 45,845 23,350 22,490 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 605,950 295,100 310,845 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 51,255 26,240 25,015 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 56,160 28,150 28,010 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 53,725 26,790 26,940 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 51,730 25,130 26,600 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 52,010 24,560 27,450 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 57,050 27,245 29,805 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 61,890 29,720 32,170 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 75,675 36,615 39,065 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 76,505 36,925 39,580 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 69,960 33,735 36,225 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 183,820 83,415 100,405 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 63,710 30,810 32,905 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 45,005 21,520 23,485 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 31,545 14,520 17,030 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 21,915 9,425 12,495 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 21,645 7,140 14,505 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 13,205 4,845 8,360 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 6,320 1,830 4,485 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,855 415 1,430 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 270 45 225 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.5 15.3 13.7 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.0 65.2 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 19.9 18.7 21.1 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 43.5 42.5 44.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 45.5 44.5 46.4 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 263,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 102,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 20,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 10,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 12,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 58,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 156,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 60,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 44,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 21,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 908,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 789,770 378,515 411,255 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 454,970 227,220 227,750 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 369,695 184,705 184,990 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 85,275 42,515 42,760 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 334,800 151,295 183,505 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 209,455 110,175 99,280 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 24,105 10,450 13,655 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 48,835 19,715 29,115 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 52,405 10,955 41,455 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 157,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 56,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 41,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 15,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 181,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 42,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 9,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 128,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 95,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 43,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 14,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 29,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 12,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 175,575 81,140 94,435 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 260,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 124,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 136,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 136,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 118,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 912,300 442,470 469,830 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 813,480 398,950 414,530 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 705 305 400 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 95,380 41,925 53,460 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 2,735 1,295 1,440 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 912,295 442,470 469,830 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 879,465 426,535 452,930 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 28,490 13,890 14,600 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 1,760 825 930 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 2,585 1,215 1,365 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 29,370 14,300 15,070 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.2 3.2 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 912,295 442,470 469,830 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 904,240 438,550 465,690 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 859,690 416,245 443,445 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 830,220 401,980 428,240 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 29,465 14,265 15,205 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 44,550 22,305 22,245 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 4,290 2,020 2,270 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 4,210 1,985 2,225 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 5 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 5 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 4,190 1,975 2,215 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 10 5 5 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 4,185 1,970 2,215 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 10 0 10 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 5 5 5 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 5 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 60 30 35 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 55 30 30 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 5 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,260 20,285 19,975 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,760 4,275 3,480 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 10 10 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 5 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 130 65 65 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 5 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 60 30 25 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 50 20 30 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 7,615 4,205 3,415 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 115 50 65 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 7,110 3,950 3,165 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 210 115 95 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 15 10 5 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 140 65 80 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 505 245 260 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 490 240 250 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 2,235 940 1,300 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 5 5 5 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 150 60 90 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 55 15 40 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 5 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 55 25 35 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 5 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,905 810 1,090 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 95 60 35 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 10 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 1,010 595 420 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 40 20 15 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 365 205 165 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 315 185 130 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 285 180 110 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 18,590 9,320 9,270 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 275 130 140 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 35 30 10 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 3,470 1,645 1,830 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 100 35 60 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 50 20 30 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 45 15 30 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 3,375 1,610 1,765 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 5 5 5 810 385 430
Bosnian 120 60 65 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 55 25 30 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 225 105 115 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 205 105 100 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 20 10 15 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 795 365 435 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 1,285 615 670 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 115 60 65 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 40 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 100 45 55 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 15 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 320 155 170 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 185 80 100 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 145 65 85 1,090 540 550
Welsh 30 10 15 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 5,700 2,800 2,900 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 120 55 60 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 160 105 60 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 1,620 815 805 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 35 20 15 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 3,435 1,645 1,790 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 45 20 20 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 110 60 50 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 110 45 65 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 10 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 20 10 5 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 525 280 240
Greek 760 390 365 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 4,835 2,650 2,190 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 3,385 1,895 1,490 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 475 290 185 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 195 125 70 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 745 445 300 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 10 5 5 565 300 265
Konkani 5 5 5 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 70 35 35 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 530 255 275 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 585 310 270 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 20 10 5 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 165 85 85 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 575 330 245 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 1,425 740 690 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 115 65 50 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 80 45 35 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 1,230 630 605 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 3,335 1,605 1,730 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 10 5 5 865 440 425
Italian 745 400 340 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 520 245 270 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 225 110 120 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 1,830 840 985 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 720 380 340
Japanese 360 100 260 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 5 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 1,095 475 620 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 5 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 630 325 305 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 40 25 25 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 15 5 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 5 0 5 1,670 770 900
Ewe 40 25 10 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 10 5 5 920 445 470
Ganda 20 5 15 1,295 625 665
Igbo 45 20 20 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 5 0 5 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 5 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 15 30 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 30 15 15 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 135 65 70 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 10 10 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 65 35 30 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 40 40 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 20 10 10 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 190 90 100 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 85 40 50 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 50 55 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,665 3,335 3,330 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 6,635 3,320 3,315 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 1,145 535 610 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 20 5 15 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 4,640 2,325 2,315 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 50 70 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 30 20 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 645 365 280 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 15 5 10 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 5 0 5 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 155 55 100 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 10 0 5 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 150 50 100 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 445 240 205 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 305 165 140 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 5 5 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 110 60 50 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 415 180 235 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 40 20 25 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 95 30 60 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 275 130 150 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 8,060 3,920 4,140 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 3,445 1,600 1,850 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 4,180 2,110 2,070 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 225 115 105 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 210 90 120 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 912,300 442,470 469,830 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 900,755 436,755 464,000 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 878,015 425,220 452,795 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 863,550 418,315 445,240 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 14,460 6,910 7,560 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 22,740 11,540 11,205 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 2,570 1,285 1,295 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 2,565 1,280 1,285 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,560 1,280 1,280 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 2,560 1,275 1,280 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 5 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 5 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 0 5 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,170 10,255 9,915 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,630 2,450 2,180 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 85 40 45 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 5 0 5 620 330 285
Oromo 45 20 25 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 25 10 15 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 4,540 2,405 2,130 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 55 25 30 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 4,260 2,270 1,990 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 5 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 125 70 55 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 95 40 55 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 160 165 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 330 165 170 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 1,140 550 585 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 55 20 35 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 15 5 5 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 0 0 5 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,065 520 545 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 35 20 20 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 425 240 185 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 15 5 10 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 140 75 60 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 140 80 60 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 125 80 50 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 7,410 3,715 3,690 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 110 60 55 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 15 10 10 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 1,405 680 720 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 30 10 15 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 10 5 10 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 15 5 10 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 1,375 675 700 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 65 30 30 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 25 15 10 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 65 25 40 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 45 25 20 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 235 105 125 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 785 385 390 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 60 25 35 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 10 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 20 10 15 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 55 30 20 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 60 35 30 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 60 35 30 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 1,490 725 760 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 30 15 15 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 15 0 15 855 410 445
Dutch 135 70 70 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 0 0 185 95 90
German 1,225 600 625 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 30 10 15 270 120 150
Norwegian 20 5 10 345 145 200
Swedish 15 5 5 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 5 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,625 820 810
Greek 270 135 130 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 2,815 1,475 1,335 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 1,850 995 860 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 250 135 115 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 100 60 35 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 310 190 120 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 5 5 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 30 15 15 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 475 235 240 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 125 125 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 5 5 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 50 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 340 175 165 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 960 475 480 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 85 50 40 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 45 20 20 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 825 405 420 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,240 595 645 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 5 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 165 70 85 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 195 90 105 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 70 35 35 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 810 390 420 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 110 35 70 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 710 330 385 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 165 80 85 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 15 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 5 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 5 0 5 345 160 185
Igbo 15 5 5 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 5 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 60 30 35 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 20 10 10 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 20 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 10 5 10 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 285 145 140 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 110 55 60 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 175 90 80 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,550 2,345 2,200 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 4,545 2,345 2,200 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 640 335 310 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 5 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 3,410 1,740 1,675 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 25 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 415 235 180 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 35 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 0 0 0 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 55 15 35 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 215 110 105 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 140 70 75 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 70 40 30 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 75 35 40 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 5 5 5 975 365 610
Finnish 15 10 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 55 25 30 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 11,540 5,715 5,825 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 2,180 995 1,185 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 8,970 4,515 4,450 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 75 40 30 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 315 155 160 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 912,295 442,470 469,825 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 861,780 418,525 443,260 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 17,005 8,480 8,525 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 16,390 7,210 9,175 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 16,275 7,850 8,420 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 2,135 930 1,205 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 14,135 6,920 7,220 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 150 70 80 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 220 105 115 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 470 230 245 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 774,750 372,455 402,290 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,260 358,055 386,205 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,813 38,379 26,750 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,545 358,085 386,455 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,627 33,642 24,590 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 648,960 320,380 328,580 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,938 36,363 24,497 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 554,985 243,860 311,130 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,438 8,175 6,961 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 523,020 264,375 258,645 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,979 35,676 25,405 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 774,750 372,455 402,295 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,275 357,820 386,455 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,479 49,413 34,132 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,560 357,855 386,710 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,175 39,776 28,993 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 648,910 320,370 328,540 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,299 48,457 32,345 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 555,740 243,445 312,295 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,495 8,859 8,211 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 523,020 264,475 258,545 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,522 46,606 32,275 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 774,750 372,455 402,295 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 245,425 131,095 114,325 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,665 53,785 42,236 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,820 63,886 48,717 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.6 87.7 80.7 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.9 69.7 63.3 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.4 12.3 19.3 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 774,750 372,455 402,295 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 30,485 14,395 16,090 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 744,265 358,060 386,205 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 104,125 43,575 60,545 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 134,355 50,310 84,050 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 114,855 47,195 67,660 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 98,325 45,040 53,280 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 79,435 39,605 39,830 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 57,255 32,255 25,000 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 41,715 25,830 15,885 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 33,195 19,945 13,250 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 25,500 14,900 10,605 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 15,530 10,095 5,435 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 39,965 29,300 10,665 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 28,130 20,205 7,925 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 11,835 9,095 2,745 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 774,750 372,455 402,295 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 30,205 14,370 15,840 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 744,540 358,085 386,455 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 108,630 44,435 64,195 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 142,975 54,160 88,815 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 138,435 58,900 79,535 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 119,130 56,990 62,145 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 84,245 46,675 37,565 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 56,235 34,590 21,645 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 39,320 23,195 16,125 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 21,210 13,950 7,260 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 34,360 25,185 9,170 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 11,615 8,185 3,430 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 6,825 4,950 1,875 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 15,915 12,050 3,860 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 774,745 372,455 402,295 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 251,730 108,080 143,650 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 523,020 264,370 258,640 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 67.5 71.0 64.3 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 72,940 34,125 38,820 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 45,820 19,475 26,350 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 76,685 33,555 43,130 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 66,155 29,385 36,770 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 60,485 27,455 33,035 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 49,395 24,470 24,925 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 37,685 21,735 15,955 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 28,695 17,955 10,740 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 24,970 14,750 10,220 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 60,175 41,470 18,705 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 20,175 11,645 8,535 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 11,685 7,975 3,715 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 28,310 21,850 6,460 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,377  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 283,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,136  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,797  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 118,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 283,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 20,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 100,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 38,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 23,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 14,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 23,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 23,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 22,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 21,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 40,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 64,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 16,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 269,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,529  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 121,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 97,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 43,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 269,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,027  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,371  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 121,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 97,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 43,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,587  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 157,715 73,825 83,890 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,180 30,235 26,673 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,848 27,176 24,859 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 157,410 73,440 83,970 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,847 38,945 35,012 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,893 31,946 29,973 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 908,340 440,700 467,640 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 519,830 244,725 275,105 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 105,810 49,730 56,080 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 112,825 49,900 62,920 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 102,515 48,345 54,175 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 100,645 48,515 52,130 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 98,030 48,235 49,800 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 388,510 195,975 192,540 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 94,350 47,240 47,110 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 89,765 45,260 44,505 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 83,140 41,815 41,330 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 69,850 35,450 34,400 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 51,410 26,210 25,195 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 898,345 435,895 462,450 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 159,820 81,670 78,150 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 49,595 25,280 24,310 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 565,395 274,120 291,275 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 173,125 80,100 93,025 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 154,955 70,415 84,540 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 35,525 18,145 17,380 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 12,740 6,470 6,275 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 88,355 40,375 47,985 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 31,075 11,890 19,185 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.2 16.2 18.3 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.2 22.2 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 25.7 25.6 25.8 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.7 16.5 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 17.9 14.8 20.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 70,745 34,290 36,460 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 15,285 7,805 7,485 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 5,645 2,870 2,775 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 52,220 25,185 27,030 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 3,240 1,295 1,945 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.6 9.6 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.4 11.4 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.2 9.2 9.3 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.1 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 908,340 440,730 467,605 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 905,700 439,525 466,180 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 905,020 439,215 465,805 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 95,740 42,150 53,585 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 64,100 31,380 32,725 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,685 2,960 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 5,575 2,635 2,935 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 10 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 5,550 2,625 2,920 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 10 0 10 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 5,540 2,625 2,920 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 10 0 10 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 15 15 10 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 10 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 10 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 10 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 10 10 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 35 25 15 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 30 15 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 0 10 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 10 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,490 28,715 29,770 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,730 5,745 4,985 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 25 15 15 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 25 15 15 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 155 65 95 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 20 15 10 1,085 625 470
Oromo 40 15 20 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 75 25 55 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 480 220 265
Semitic languages 10,635 5,715 4,925 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 260 135 120 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 9,685 5,185 4,500 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 630 370 260 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 25 0 25 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 140 65 70 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 575 260 310 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 555 255 300 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 3,035 1,275 1,760 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 10 0 10 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 185 80 100 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 10 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 45 20 30 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 70 20 55 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 10 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 80 25 60 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,835 1,195 1,635 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 360 185 175 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 120 60 65 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 210 115 100 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 1,365 785 580 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 75 45 35 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 560 310 250 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 450 260 190 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 350 215 135 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 30,820 15,070 15,755 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 405 185 215 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 80 45 30 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 4,095 1,935 2,160 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 110 35 80 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 50 15 35 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 55 15 40 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 4,010 1,910 2,105 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 10 0 10 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 145 60 80 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 75 35 35 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 275 105 165 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 210 95 110 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 90 55 30 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 900 410 490 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 1,945 970 970 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 180 85 95 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 115 70 50 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 145 70 75 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 20 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 425 180 245 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 1,070 495 580 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 910 400 505 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 35 25 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 9,225 4,490 4,740 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 320 140 175 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 235 125 110 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 2,105 935 1,165 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 60 30 30 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 6,335 3,180 3,155 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 100 40 60 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 150 105 40 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 245 115 130 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 30 15 15 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 125 45 85 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 1,315 670 645 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 6,535 3,635 2,900 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 4,935 2,790 2,140 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 625 350 275 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 240 150 90 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 2,270 1,300 975 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 15 0 10 905 490 420
Konkani 15 15 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 135 85 45 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 620 315 305 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 15 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,010 570 445 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 10 0 0 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 245 125 120 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 1,090 660 425 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 1,625 865 755 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 185 110 75 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 85 55 30 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 1,385 725 660 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 9,365 4,270 5,100 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 15 10 10 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 1,665 845 820 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 910 480 430 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 240 140 105 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 6,990 3,020 3,970 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 55 20 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 865 335 530 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 10 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 1,530 685 850 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 1,340 715 620 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 65 40 30 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 10 10 10 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 10 10 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 80 50 30 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 30 15 20 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 60 15 40 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 70 45 30 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 30 15 15 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 130 65 65 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 65 40 35 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 370 200 175 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 35 15 20 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 250 125 125 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 300 175 130 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 30 20 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 10 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 30 10 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 1,605 555 1,045 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 795 235 555 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 815 325 495 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,135 3,615 3,515 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 7,115 3,610 3,500 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 1,555 730 820 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 45 25 25 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 5,435 2,720 2,710 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 75 120 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 30 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 340 245 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 20 10 15 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 240 110 130 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 20 0 10 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 220 100 120 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 620 320 300 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 480 225 255 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 15 0 10 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 105 60 40 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 430 200 230 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 50 25 20 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 120 55 70 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 255 115 140 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 908,340 440,735 467,605 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 878,415 425,340 453,070 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 159,440 81,575 77,870 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 718,970 343,770 375,200 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 29,930 15,395 14,535 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 908,340 440,730 467,605 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 842,760 407,740 435,015 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 55,675 27,270 28,405 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 19,200 9,335 9,865 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 4,800 2,330 2,470 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 6,705 3,140 3,560 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 13,185 6,540 6,645 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 5,105 2,500 2,600 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 8,080 4,035 4,045 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,790 5,925 5,865 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,900 5,720 4,185 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 55,675 27,270 28,410 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 7,280 3,495 3,785 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 10,445 5,240 5,205 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 10,170 4,670 5,500 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 22,980 11,315 11,660 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 4,800 2,550 2,250 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 55,680 27,270 28,410 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 10,610 4,830 5,780 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 175 75 100 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 175 90 85 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 95 50 45 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 170 85 90 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 55 30 30 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 480 210 275 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 325 155 175 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 105 35 75 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 220 120 100 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,375 3,320 4,055 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 1,430 675 750 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 22,110 11,195 10,920 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 210 115 100 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 180 75 105 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 610 330 280 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 2,600 1,270 1,330 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 505 270 235 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 110 40 65 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 475 225 255 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 525 310 215 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 1,645 790 855 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 630 265 365 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 220 140 80 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 180 100 80 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 585 270 315 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 90 45 45 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 335 145 195 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,275 5,815 5,460 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 1,930 985 945 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 3,525 1,855 1,675 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 25 15 15 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 770 395 370 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 185 105 85 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 125 75 50 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 80 50 30 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 350 185 165 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 65 30 35 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 460 205 250 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 1,465 790 675 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 18,955 9,100 9,855 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 100 40 60 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 315 180 135 58,735