Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ontario [Province] and Division No. 7, Census division [Census division], Manitoba

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

[Province]
Division No. 7, CDR
Manitoba
[Census division]
Data quality , Ontario [Province]  Map : Ontario [Province] Data quality : Division No. 7, Census division [Census division], Manitoba  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,746  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,084 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,333  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,632  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,309.28  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105 68,745 33,655 35,090
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350 13,430 6,950 6,485
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055 4,655 2,450 2,205
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765 4,555 2,315 2,240
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530 4,220 2,180 2,045
15 to 64 years 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750 44,630 22,100 22,530
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,945 4,085 2,040 2,045
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570 4,785 2,380 2,405
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010 5,175 2,565 2,610
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965 4,995 2,515 2,480
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585 4,825 2,380 2,450
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415 4,450 2,255 2,195
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275 3,820 1,900 1,920
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175 4,345 2,075 2,270
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180 4,365 2,135 2,225
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640 3,785 1,850 1,930
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000 10,685 4,610 6,075
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270 3,280 1,525 1,745
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185 2,335 1,045 1,290
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195 1,820 820 1,005
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360 1,390 585 805
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985 1,860 630 1,225
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425 1,060 400 660
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990 580 180 405
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060 190 50 135
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520 30 5 25
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 19.5 20.7 18.5
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.3 66.4 64.9 65.7 64.2
65 years and over 16.7 15.5 17.9 15.5 13.7 17.3
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.7 1.9 3.5
Average age of the population 41.0 40.0 41.9 38.7 37.5 39.9
Median age of the population 41.3 40.2 42.4 36.9 35.8 38.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750 55,310 26,705 28,605
Married or living common law 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795 32,745 16,435 16,310
Married 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655 27,150 13,625 13,530
Living common law 906,155 455,015 451,145 5,595 2,810 2,780
Not married and not living common law 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955 22,565 10,275 12,295
Never married 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605 14,750 7,865 6,890
Separated 328,675 138,140 190,535 1,265 565 700
Divorced 653,835 252,900 400,935 3,115 1,195 1,925
Widowed 637,150 128,265 508,880 3,435 650 2,785
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300 12,375 5,990 6,385
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 67,665 33,240 34,425
English only 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665 62,790 30,935 31,860
French only 40,040 17,340 22,705 45 25 25
English and French 1,490,390 665,850 824,540 3,565 1,665 1,890
Neither English nor French 326,935 130,850 196,085 1,265 610 655
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995 67,665 33,240 34,425
English 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355 65,320 32,065 33,250
French 504,130 236,875 267,250 980 520 465
English and French 92,940 42,910 50,030 145 70 75
Neither English nor French 321,480 128,125 193,355 1,215 585 635
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 550,600 258,330 292,270 1,055 550 505
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.1 4.0 4.3 1.6 1.7 1.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990 67,665 33,240 34,425
Single responses 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330 66,790 32,795 33,990
Official languages 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520 56,390 27,580 28,800
English 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110 55,320 27,030 28,285
French 490,715 231,310 259,410 1,065 550 520
Non-official languages 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810 10,400 5,215 5,185
Aboriginal languages 22,765 10,815 11,950 250 95 160
Algonquian languages 21,235 10,175 11,060 190 70 120
Blackfoot 10 5 5 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,080 2,485 2,595 95 35 60
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 85 40 45 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 55 25 30 5 0 0
Plains Cree 35 5 30 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 355 135 225 30 10 20
Woods Cree 15 10 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 4,500 2,255 2,245 55 25 35
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 40 50 0 0 0
Malecite 10 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 85 35 50 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 16,025 7,620 8,400 95 40 60
Algonquin 65 30 35 0 0 0
Ojibway 9,505 4,515 4,985 90 30 55
Oji-Cree 6,310 3,015 3,300 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 65 80 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 60 20 40 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dene 20 10 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 475 165 305 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 425 145 280 5 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 710 300 410 0 0 0
Cayuga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 590 255 335 0 0 0
Oneida 55 15 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 15 5 5 5
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 50 20 30
Dakota 5 5 5 50 20 30
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 130 105 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865 10,150 5,120 5,030
Afro-Asiatic languages 253,830 127,720 126,110 410 230 180
Berber languages 725 405 320 0 0 0
Kabyle 425 225 200 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 180 120 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 24,605 10,730 13,870 30 20 10
Bilen 250 140 110 20 10 10
Oromo 1,445 720 730 5 5 0
Somali 22,680 9,755 12,925 0 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225 115 110 0 0 0
Semitic languages 227,985 116,320 111,665 375 210 170
Amharic 10,720 4,960 5,760 225 115 105
Arabic 171,370 88,400 82,965 100 55 40
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 14,555 7,135 7,420 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 4,795 2,365 2,425 0 0 0
Harari 1,030 485 545 0 0 0
Hebrew 11,575 6,220 5,350 5 0 0
Maltese 5,175 2,575 2,600 0 0 0
Tigrigna 7,345 3,470 3,870 50 30 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,435 705 730 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 520 265 250 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 78,125 35,880 42,240 55 20 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,355 3,330 4,020 5 5 0
Vietnamese 70,690 32,520 38,165 50 20 30
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 30 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 194,380 76,060 118,315 480 220 260
Bikol 595 260 330 0 0 0
Cebuano 6,545 2,500 4,045 40 20 25
Fijian 80 45 40 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,750 1,030 1,725 10 5 5
Ilocano 11,285 4,430 6,860 10 5 5
Malagasy 100 45 55 0 0 0
Malay 5,760 2,520 3,240 10 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,505 670 840 10 0 5
Pangasinan 535 215 315 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 163,415 63,665 99,755 395 185 215
Waray-Waray 405 140 270 0 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,400 550 850 5 5 0
Creole languages 11,255 5,095 6,165 100 50 50
Haitian Creole 630 290 340 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,025 3,580 4,440 85 40 45
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,605 1,225 1,380 20 15 10
Dravidian languages 148,605 73,530 75,075 75 45 30
Kannada 2,670 1,365 1,305 0 0 0
Malayalam 17,140 8,795 8,350 45 25 20
Tamil 117,630 57,310 60,320 20 10 5
Telugu 10,820 5,895 4,925 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 525 250 270 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165 7,020 3,565 3,460
Albanian 19,045 9,535 9,510 0 0 0
Armenian 15,070 7,305 7,765 5 5 0
Balto-Slavic languages 410,725 188,695 222,025 1,105 520 585
Baltic languages 9,080 3,785 5,295 15 5 5
Latvian 3,910 1,650 2,260 5 0 5
Lithuanian 5,175 2,135 3,035 5 5 0
Slavic languages 401,645 184,915 216,730 1,095 515 580
Belarusan 515 230 280 0 0 0
Bosnian 6,370 3,125 3,245 10 5 5
Bulgarian 9,095 4,355 4,740 0 0 5
Croatian 31,875 15,460 16,410 10 5 5
Czech 10,670 4,930 5,740 15 5 5
Macedonian 15,635 7,470 8,165 5 0 0
Polish 121,075 54,675 66,405 110 45 65
Russian 101,100 45,630 55,470 235 115 115
Serbian 41,740 20,585 21,150 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,875 2,310 2,570 0 0 0
Slovak 10,280 4,710 5,565 0 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 6,740 2,995 3,745 0 5 0
Ukrainian 40,375 17,760 22,610 705 335 370
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,310 670 635 0 0 0
Celtic languages 1,110 505 605 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 450 210 240 5 5 0
Welsh 435 180 260 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 110 0 0 0
Germanic languages 200,640 94,475 106,165 2,520 1,275 1,245
Afrikaans 2,295 1,125 1,170 115 55 55
Danish 4,265 2,010 2,250 20 10 10
Dutch 51,720 24,875 26,840 110 55 55
Frisian 1,240 630 620 5 0 0
German 131,525 61,520 70,005 2,230 1,130 1,100
Icelandic 210 100 110 10 5 5
Norwegian 940 405 540 10 5 5
Swedish 2,395 1,040 1,350 0 5 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,150 925 1,225 15 5 10
Yiddish 3,735 1,765 1,970 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85 0 0 0
Greek 55,415 27,305 28,110 30 20 10
Indo-Iranian languages 707,845 357,350 350,495 1,050 580 465
Indo-Aryan languages 565,600 285,720 279,875 1,010 565 450
Bengali 46,810 23,615 23,195 25 20 5
Gujarati 76,675 38,740 37,940 590 330 260
Hindi 58,735 29,805 28,930 60 35 25
Kashmiri 345 170 175 0 0 0
Konkani 2,510 1,195 1,315 0 0 0
Marathi 5,490 2,805 2,685 0 5 0
Nepali 7,870 3,915 3,960 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 715 380 335 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 197,060 100,160 96,895 205 110 95
Sindhi 6,840 3,225 3,615 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10,165 4,925 5,235 15 10 5
Urdu 152,385 76,795 75,595 110 55 60
Iranian languages 139,675 70,270 69,405 35 15 20
Kurdish 6,665 3,615 3,050 5 0 5
Pashto 10,950 5,630 5,315 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 122,070 61,025 61,040 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,565 1,350 1,215 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 614,525 295,030 319,490 2,315 1,165 1,150
Catalan 285 150 135 0 0 0
Italian 231,040 112,440 118,600 45 25 20
Portuguese 150,000 72,280 77,715 35 15 20
Romanian 41,755 19,565 22,190 10 5 5
Spanish 191,025 90,390 100,630 2,225 1,120 1,105
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 420 200 215 5 0 0
Japanese 13,260 4,590 8,670 10 0 10
Kartvelian languages 1,200 635 565 0 0 0
Georgian 1,200 635 565 0 0 0
Korean 69,775 32,035 37,740 175 80 90
Mongolic languages 405 180 220 0 0 0
Mongolian 405 180 225 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 35,760 16,705 19,050 140 70 70
Akan (Twi) 9,695 4,510 5,190 5 0 0
Bamanankan 140 60 80 0 0 0
Edo 1,140 475 670 0 0 5
Ewe 560 270 295 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 365 180 185 0 0 0
Ga 600 275 325 0 0 0
Ganda 760 360 400 5 0 0
Igbo 2,090 1,080 1,010 5 5 0
Lingala 850 365 485 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,430 640 785 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,330 545 785 10 5 5
Shona 1,455 660 790 0 0 0
Swahili 5,525 2,540 2,985 10 5 0
Wolof 290 145 150 0 0 0
Yoruba 4,365 2,260 2,105 100 50 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,155 2,345 2,810 10 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,610 810 800 5 0 0
Dinka 345 170 175 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,260 635 625 0 0 0
Sign languages 3,030 1,570 1,455 15 10 10
American Sign Language 1,305 640 670 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,700 925 780 10 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 611,795 284,865 326,935 1,595 800 795
Chinese languages 602,610 280,340 322,270 1,590 800 795
Cantonese 275,315 128,090 147,220 355 175 180
Hakka 6,985 3,140 3,840 5 0 0
Mandarin 283,735 132,275 151,460 1,145 580 570
Min Dong 855 405 450 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,545 6,240 7,300 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,300 2,825 3,470 5 0 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 15,645 7,235 8,410 75 35 40
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 9,185 4,520 4,660 0 0 0
Burmese 1,640 775 865 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,730 865 860 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,115 2,530 2,585 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 700 345 350 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 8,485 3,535 4,945 15 5 10
Lao 5,190 2,480 2,710 5 0 5
Thai 3,270 1,045 2,220 10 5 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,615 11,745 10,870 15 10 10
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,070 920 0 0 0
Turkish 18,415 9,610 8,810 10 10 5
Uyghur 515 255 260 5 0 0
Uzbek 1,055 515 545 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 640 295 345 0 0 0
Uralic languages 50,670 23,095 27,570 35 15 20
Estonian 4,205 1,810 2,400 0 0 0
Finnish 9,720 4,140 5,580 10 0 10
Hungarian 36,740 17,150 19,590 25 10 15
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,475 780 690 10 5 5
Multiple responses 365,910 176,250 189,660 875 440 435
English and French 54,045 25,165 28,880 120 65 60
English and non-official language 288,285 140,345 147,940 685 335 350
French and non-official language 12,565 5,735 6,830 30 20 15
English, French and non-official language 11,010 5,000 6,005 35 20 15
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 67,660 33,240 34,425
Single responses 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085 65,990 32,420 33,575
Official languages 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300 59,070 28,910 30,160
English 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800 58,690 28,695 29,995
French 277,045 129,540 147,500 385 215 170
Non-official languages 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780 6,920 3,505 3,410
Aboriginal languages 9,210 4,600 4,610 45 25 20
Algonquian languages 8,685 4,370 4,320 35 15 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,370 1,205 1,165 20 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 10 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 0 0 5
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 105 50 55 10 0 10
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 2,220 1,135 1,085 10 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 6,305 3,155 3,145 15 10 5
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 3,315 1,695 1,620 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 2,905 1,420 1,490 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 160 60 90 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 140 60 80 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 210 90 120 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 185 80 100 0 0 0
Oneida 20 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5 10 5 0
Dakota 5 5 0 10 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 120 55 65 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170 6,875 3,485 3,390
Afro-Asiatic languages 138,460 66,865 71,590 295 155 145
Berber languages 345 175 170 0 0 0
Kabyle 255 125 130 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 14,460 6,100 8,360 20 10 10
Bilen 170 80 85 20 10 10
Oromo 805 380 425 0 0 0
Somali 13,370 5,590 7,780 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 0 0 0
Semitic languages 123,410 60,475 62,940 275 140 135
Amharic 5,625 2,540 3,085 165 85 80
Arabic 94,195 46,505 47,695 70 30 35
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,515 4,595 4,920 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,915 1,410 1,500 0 0 0
Harari 555 250 305 0 0 0
Hebrew 4,850 2,505 2,345 0 0 0
Maltese 1,090 505 580 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,920 1,805 2,115 45 30 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 755 360 395 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 115 125 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 50,245 23,105 27,140 35 15 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,770 1,650 2,120 0 0 0
Vietnamese 46,435 21,435 25,000 35 10 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 85,370 36,525 48,845 240 115 125
Bikol 90 35 55 0 0 0
Cebuano 2,325 1,020 1,315 25 10 15
Fijian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 910 385 530 0 0 0
Ilocano 4,100 1,780 2,320 0 5 0
Malagasy 35 15 20 0 0 0
Malay 1,810 860 945 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 200 250 0 0 5
Pangasinan 90 40 50 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75,070 31,965 43,105 200 95 105
Waray-Waray 90 35 55 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 175 200 5 0 5
Creole languages 5,325 2,355 2,970 85 40 50
Haitian Creole 355 165 190 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,995 1,735 2,255 70 30 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 975 455 520 15 5 5
Dravidian languages 96,250 46,575 49,680 45 25 25
Kannada 1,060 540 520 0 0 0
Malayalam 8,760 4,460 4,295 25 15 10
Tamil 80,600 38,460 42,140 5 5 5
Telugu 5,705 3,050 2,655 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 200 95 105 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 978,300 469,640 508,670 4,510 2,300 2,215
Albanian 9,190 4,580 4,605 0 0 0
Armenian 8,630 4,065 4,560 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 192,945 90,585 102,365 450 235 215
Baltic languages 2,305 950 1,355 0 5 5
Latvian 860 350 515 0 0 0
Lithuanian 1,440 600 840 5 0 0
Slavic languages 190,645 89,635 101,005 445 235 215
Belarusan 175 80 90 0 0 0
Bosnian 3,220 1,595 1,620 5 0 5
Bulgarian 4,830 2,350 2,480 0 0 0
Croatian 11,125 5,275 5,855 5 0 0
Czech 3,070 1,480 1,595 5 0 5
Macedonian 6,255 2,965 3,285 0 0 0
Polish 52,555 24,510 28,045 20 15 10
Russian 63,570 29,655 33,920 160 75 80
Serbian 23,175 11,335 11,840 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,925 920 1,010 0 0 0
Slovak 3,520 1,680 1,845 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,465 645 815 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15,415 6,995 8,420 255 140 115
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 355 160 190 0 0 0
Celtic languages 120 65 55 0 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 0 0 0
Welsh 30 10 15 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Germanic languages 44,515 21,630 22,880 1,470 740 735
Afrikaans 755 365 390 65 30 35
Danish 280 135 150 0 0 0
Dutch 4,450 2,145 2,305 10 5 5
Frisian 90 45 45 0 0 0
German 37,255 18,140 19,120 1,390 700 695
Icelandic 45 20 30 0 0 0
Norwegian 70 30 40 5 5 5
Swedish 385 190 190 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 145 60 85 0 0 0
Yiddish 370 190 185 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 655 315 340 0 0 0
Greek 21,700 10,160 11,535 5 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages 435,835 215,755 220,080 775 425 355
Indo-Aryan languages 344,050 171,125 172,920 760 415 345
Bengali 29,590 14,595 14,995 10 5 0
Gujarati 45,445 22,410 23,035 475 265 210
Hindi 28,960 14,485 14,475 40 25 20
Kashmiri 65 30 35 0 0 0
Konkani 540 260 280 0 0 0
Marathi 2,420 1,230 1,190 0 0 0
Nepali 5,640 2,815 2,820 5 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 325 160 165 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,135 66,410 65,725 145 80 70
Sindhi 2,880 1,320 1,560 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,595 2,250 2,345 5 5 5
Urdu 91,450 45,160 46,295 85 45 40
Iranian languages 90,730 44,090 46,640 15 5 10
Kurdish 3,675 1,900 1,770 0 0 0
Pashto 6,750 3,360 3,395 5 0 5
Persian (Farsi) 80,305 38,830 41,475 5 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,050 540 515 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 265,375 122,790 142,585 1,800 895 910
Catalan 135 60 75 0 0 0
Italian 72,960 31,195 41,770 5 5 0
Portuguese 67,415 32,065 35,355 10 5 5
Romanian 19,920 9,380 10,535 0 0 0
Spanish 104,820 50,035 54,785 1,785 890 900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 0 0 0
Japanese 6,040 2,590 3,450 5 0 0
Kartvelian languages 770 420 355 0 0 0
Georgian 775 420 355 0 0 0
Korean 48,540 22,685 25,855 135 65 70
Mongolic languages 225 115 110 0 0 0
Mongolian 230 120 110 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 12,120 5,400 6,725 55 30 35
Akan (Twi) 4,415 1,915 2,495 0 0 0
Bamanankan 25 15 15 0 0 0
Edo 305 120 180 0 0 0
Ewe 135 60 80 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 0 0 0
Ga 175 80 100 0 0 0
Ganda 195 85 110 0 0 0
Igbo 540 265 275 0 0 5
Lingala 225 100 130 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 475 230 240 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 420 160 260 5 0 5
Shona 455 210 245 0 0 0
Swahili 2,085 925 1,160 10 5 5
Wolof 130 65 65 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,300 625 675 35 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,120 500 625 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 550 260 290 0 0 0
Dinka 120 60 65 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 195 225 0 0 0
Sign languages 4,425 2,485 1,940 25 15 15
American Sign Language 1,605 830 770 5 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 2,795 1,640 1,150 15 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 448,200 210,560 237,640 1,425 730 695
Chinese languages 441,615 207,305 234,310 1,425 730 690
Cantonese 198,745 91,545 107,200 315 160 155
Hakka 2,870 1,305 1,575 0 0 0
Mandarin 220,535 105,360 115,175 1,035 530 505
Min Dong 265 115 145 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,775 2,635 3,140 5 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,690 1,735 1,955 5 0 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,630 4,565 5,070 60 30 30
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,580 3,250 3,330 0 0 0
Burmese 1,010 480 530 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,360 685 675 0 0 0
Tibetan 3,875 1,925 1,945 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 165 170 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,865 1,845 2,020 5 5 5
Lao 2,535 1,220 1,315 5 5 5
Thai 1,315 615 695 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 12,435 6,200 6,230 5 5 5
Azerbaijani 770 385 380 0 0 0
Turkish 10,545 5,245 5,300 10 5 5
Uyghur 290 150 140 0 0 0
Uzbek 585 290 295 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15,330 6,990 8,340 5 5 0
Estonian 790 290 500 0 0 0
Finnish 1,835 780 1,050 0 0 0
Hungarian 12,700 5,915 6,790 5 0 5
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 465 245 225 0 5 5
Multiple responses 790,825 379,925 410,905 1,675 820 850
English and French 45,655 20,895 24,755 75 40 35
English and non-official language 719,595 347,730 371,865 1,550 755 795
French and non-official language 6,725 2,930 3,795 10 10 5
English, French and non-official language 18,855 8,365 10,490 35 20 20
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 67,665 33,240 34,425
None 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000 61,880 30,390 31,490
English 896,170 437,015 459,155 2,935 1,500 1,440
French 243,970 108,390 135,580 630 275 355
Non-official language 1,056,960 501,315 555,645 2,125 1,025 1,105
Aboriginal 14,315 6,580 7,735 215 80 135
Non-Aboriginal 1,042,645 494,735 547,910 1,910 945 965
English and French 8,150 3,755 4,395 25 10 15
English and non-official language 19,105 9,370 9,735 50 25 20
French and non-official language 16,435 7,165 9,270 15 15 5
English, French and non-official language 415 205 215 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 52,875 25,660 27,215
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475 51,100 24,800 26,300
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,539 39,889 28,676 37,456 45,440 30,885
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975 51,110 24,805 26,305
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,641 35,753 26,585 32,757 38,785 27,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675 47,715 23,615 24,100
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,871 39,831 27,012 34,781 43,291 26,872
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770 37,120 16,040 21,080
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,206 2,034 5,463 4,430 2,007 5,425
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 40,685 20,845 19,840
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,946 39,490 29,413 35,368 43,192 28,197
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 52,875 25,655 27,220
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580 51,085 24,780 26,300
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,915 56,780 39,585 45,201 53,902 37,004
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210 51,100 24,785 26,315
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,318 45,443 33,564 36,828 42,772 31,229
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415 47,655 23,625 24,035
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,890 57,511 38,459 42,990 52,255 33,885
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475 37,155 16,065 21,090
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,346 6,763 7,815 7,004 6,306 7,536
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985 40,680 20,820 19,865
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,369 55,263 39,057 42,511 51,024 33,588
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 52,875 25,660 27,220
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900 20,280 11,725 8,560
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,121 60,345 49,713 50,207 55,995 43,173
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,628 76,536 58,676 57,956 64,675 48,752
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.1 84.7 88.7 92.4 83.6
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.9 76.0 68.7 74.9 79.3 68.9
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.9 15.3 11.3 7.6 16.4
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 52,875 25,660 27,220
Without total income 481,500 227,390 254,115 1,775 855 920
With total income 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475 51,100 24,800 26,300
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 96.6 96.6 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,615,790 711,105 904,685 5,660 2,265 3,400
$10,000 to $19,999 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645 7,535 2,705 4,830
$20,000 to $29,999 1,410,760 589,975 820,785 7,245 2,675 4,570
$30,000 to $39,999 1,147,510 519,550 627,955 6,950 3,030 3,925
$40,000 to $49,999 1,021,880 489,595 532,285 6,570 3,235 3,335
$50,000 to $59,999 809,115 415,950 393,165 4,680 2,690 1,995
$60,000 to $69,999 630,635 348,525 282,110 3,655 2,370 1,285
$70,000 to $79,999 479,890 277,725 202,165 2,630 1,655 970
$80,000 to $89,999 378,185 222,095 156,095 1,985 1,200 785
$90,000 to $99,999 324,810 181,815 142,995 1,255 810 445
$100,000 and over 909,005 616,420 292,585 2,930 2,170 765
$100,000 to $149,999 600,995 394,410 206,590 2,125 1,555 570
$150,000 and over 308,010 222,010 86,000 805 615 195
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 52,875 25,660 27,215
Without after-tax income 478,635 227,025 251,610 1,760 855 910
With after-tax income 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980 51,110 24,805 26,310
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.8 95.6 96.7 96.7 96.7
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,659,280 722,040 937,235 5,895 2,315 3,585
$10,000 to $19,999 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540 8,235 3,000 5,235
$20,000 to $29,999 1,623,230 690,290 932,940 8,930 3,430 5,495
$30,000 to $39,999 1,377,100 642,645 734,450 9,005 4,200 4,810
$40,000 to $49,999 1,166,040 585,490 580,555 6,895 3,940 2,960
$50,000 to $59,999 845,305 464,610 380,700 4,725 3,020 1,705
$60,000 to $69,999 604,005 354,015 249,985 3,220 1,965 1,260
$70,000 to $79,999 465,485 268,140 197,345 1,720 1,090 630
$80,000 and over 912,490 611,260 301,230 2,480 1,850 630
$80,000 to $89,999 299,315 183,410 115,905 915 665 250
$90,000 to $99,999 174,110 116,330 57,785 530 400 125
$100,000 and over 439,070 311,525 127,540 1,035 780 255
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 52,875 25,655 27,215
Without employment income 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245 12,195 4,815 7,380
With employment income 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 40,685 20,845 19,840
Percentage with employment income 70.6 74.8 66.6 76.9 81.3 72.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,094,860 546,920 547,940 4,620 2,000 2,615
$5,000 to $9,999 635,305 281,135 354,165 3,035 1,170 1,860
$10,000 to $19,999 1,027,910 464,445 563,465 5,120 2,070 3,050
$20,000 to $29,999 827,805 372,185 455,625 4,865 2,010 2,860
$30,000 to $39,999 767,840 351,925 415,910 5,230 2,425 2,810
$40,000 to $49,999 709,775 341,320 368,450 4,680 2,450 2,235
$50,000 to $59,999 588,220 310,155 278,065 3,335 2,005 1,325
$60,000 to $69,999 465,670 263,430 202,240 2,825 1,930 895
$70,000 to $79,999 369,085 218,570 150,515 2,085 1,355 735
$80,000 and over 1,304,210 848,245 455,970 4,890 3,440 1,450
$80,000 to $89,999 307,660 182,660 125,005 1,635 1,005 625
$90,000 to $99,999 280,530 156,440 124,090 1,010 670 340
$100,000 and over 716,015 509,140 206,875 2,245 1,760 485
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,374  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,418  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,581  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,564  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,109  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,683  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,843  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,233  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,122  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,999  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,126  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,556  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,083  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,267  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,853  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 117,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,349  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,133  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,551  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,818,815 867,175 951,640 11,010 5,345 5,665
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,097 33,925 30,753 34,739 39,280 30,955
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,417 30,678 28,442 30,565 33,704 27,788
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,814,575 864,020 950,555 10,950 5,250 5,695
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,298 46,765 42,057 42,315 47,628 37,418
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,874 38,228 35,644 34,865 38,027 31,951
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955 65,840 32,375 33,465
In the bottom half of the distribution 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895 35,550 16,780 18,775
In the bottom decile 1,346,645 651,310 695,335 6,480 2,955 3,530
In the second decile 1,280,675 581,380 699,290 6,590 2,835 3,750
In the third decile 1,237,415 583,840 653,575 7,270 3,480 3,790
In the fourth decile 1,223,510 589,740 633,770 7,510 3,645 3,865
In the fifth decile 1,246,925 610,000 636,930 7,695 3,860 3,835
In the top half of the distribution 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060 30,285 15,595 14,690
In the sixth decile 1,279,095 629,635 649,465 7,380 3,785 3,595
In the seventh decile 1,321,220 655,840 665,375 7,185 3,770 3,415
In the eighth decile 1,382,795 691,630 691,165 6,490 3,295 3,195
In the ninth decile 1,464,415 736,030 728,385 5,545 2,850 2,695
In the top decile 1,459,465 742,795 716,670 3,690 1,895 1,795
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130 65,840 32,375 33,465
0 to 17 years 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630 15,295 7,870 7,430
0 to 5 years 835,000 428,025 406,975 5,345 2,815 2,525
18 to 64 years 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345 41,160 20,325 20,830
65 years and over 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155 9,385 4,180 5,205
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445 9,380 4,190 5,185
0 to 17 years 489,905 251,830 238,080 3,160 1,585 1,575
0 to 5 years 165,140 84,825 80,310 1,210 605 600
18 to 64 years 1,155,315 538,535 616,780 5,045 2,230 2,815
65 years and over 253,755 96,170 157,585 1,175 380 795
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 14.2 12.9 15.5
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.5 18.4 20.7 20.1 21.2
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.8 19.7 22.6 21.5 23.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.1 14.3 12.3 11.0 13.5
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.9 13.8 12.5 9.1 15.3
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,298,590 627,935 670,650 4,905 2,280 2,625
0 to 17 years 304,390 156,575 147,815 1,495 755 740
0 to 5 years 102,750 52,810 49,935 605 295 310
18 to 64 years 887,640 430,545 457,095 3,225 1,445 1,785
65 years and over 106,555 40,815 65,740 180 80 100
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.7 9.9 7.4 7.0 7.8
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.5 11.4 9.8 9.6 10.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.3 11.3 10.5 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 7.8 7.1 8.6
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.2 5.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925 65,840 32,375 33,465
Official languages 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145 64,625 31,770 32,845
English 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825 64,570 31,745 32,825
French 1,521,020 677,505 843,510 3,570 1,740 1,830
Non-official languages 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760 10,990 5,450 5,540
Aboriginal languages 33,855 15,815 18,035 490 200 290
Algonquian languages 30,630 14,505 16,125 340 130 215
Blackfoot 15 15 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 6,560 3,160 3,395 180 65 115
Atikamekw 10 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 145 70 75 0 0 0
Naskapi 25 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 65 25 45 0 0 10
Plains Cree 105 50 50 20 0 15
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 605 255 350 50 20 30
Woods Cree 45 25 25 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,620 2,760 2,865 105 35 70
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 95 85 0 0 0
Malecite 20 20 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 160 75 85 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 23,980 11,285 12,690 170 70 105
Algonquin 205 95 105 0 0 0
Ojibway 16,220 7,600 8,630 160 70 90
Oji-Cree 7,515 3,585 3,935 10 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 200 105 100 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 25 65 10 0 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 0 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 10 0 0 0
Dene 45 20 30 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 840 320 525 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 730 285 445 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 105 35 70 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 1,940 810 1,125 0 0 0
Cayuga 120 35 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 1,625 710 915 0 0 0
Oneida 180 55 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 180 65 110 30 20 0
Salish languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 40 10 30 115 45 70
Dakota 20 10 10 110 45 70
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 10 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 210 100 110 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865 10,505 5,255 5,250
Afro-Asiatic languages 362,645 183,050 179,595 495 295 205
Berber languages 925 505 415 10 0 0
Kabyle 530 280 255 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 390 225 165 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 34,160 15,155 19,000 50 30 20
Bilen 355 200 160 45 25 20
Oromo 2,075 905 1,175 10 10 0
Somali 31,535 13,925 17,610 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 370 170 205 0 0 0
Semitic languages 330,315 168,750 161,570 450 270 180
Amharic 16,010 7,565 8,445 275 170 105
Arabic 246,015 127,015 119,000 160 80 80
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,825 8,775 9,050 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,185 3,045 3,140 0 0 0
Harari 1,310 660 645 0 0 0
Hebrew 43,255 22,165 21,090 15 15 0
Maltese 7,020 3,455 3,570 0 0 0
Tigrigna 9,385 4,320 5,065 65 40 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,985 1,010 975 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,125 535 590 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 99,830 46,210 53,620 60 25 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,045 4,490 5,550 10 0 0
Vietnamese 90,265 41,965 48,300 50 25 30
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 10 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 249,435 98,295 151,150 575 265 310
Bikol 755 340 425 0 0 0
Cebuano 9,475 3,650 5,830 40 15 25
Fijian 110 40 65 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 3,110 1,205 1,910 25 15 10
Ilocano 15,235 5,940 9,295 0 0 0
Malagasy 215 115 100 0 0 0
Malay 9,780 4,500 5,280 35 15 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,935 855 1,080 10 0 0
Pangasinan 565 245 320 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 232,935 91,110 141,820 530 240 285
Waray-Waray 410 125 285 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,785 755 1,030 30 15 15
Creole languages 30,260 13,525 16,735 190 90 100
Haitian Creole 1,430 605 830 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 19,375 8,480 10,895 145 65 75
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,685 4,525 5,155 45 20 25
Dravidian languages 196,315 97,975 98,335 120 90 35
Kannada 5,775 2,930 2,845 0 0 0
Malayalam 22,880 11,535 11,345 60 45 20
Tamil 157,700 77,975 79,730 45 35 15
Telugu 16,315 8,925 7,390 15 10 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 495 250 240 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 545 265 280 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525 6,955 3,470 3,480
Albanian 22,375 11,180 11,195 0 0 0
Armenian 18,435 8,860 9,575 10 10 0
Balto-Slavic languages 473,565 221,450 252,120 1,185 520 665
Baltic languages 10,545 4,495 6,050 15 0 15
Latvian 4,675 2,070 2,610 15 0 15
Lithuanian 5,875 2,430 3,445 0 0 0
Slavic languages 465,170 217,885 247,285 1,170 520 655
Belarusan 1,360 680 680 0 0 0
Bosnian 9,915 4,905 5,010 15 10 10
Bulgarian 10,410 5,060 5,350 0 0 0
Croatian 46,580 22,880 23,700 0 0 0
Czech 14,045 6,615 7,430 0 0 0
Macedonian 21,505 10,365 11,140 10 10 0
Polish 142,985 65,415 77,575 125 55 75
Russian 138,735 64,355 74,380 415 190 220
Serbian 53,250 26,725 26,525 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5,815 2,845 2,965 0 0 0
Slovak 12,035 5,550 6,490 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,935 3,550 4,390 0 0 0
Ukrainian 54,615 24,125 30,490 805 350 450
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,750 935 815 0 0 0
Celtic languages 3,800 1,880 1,920 35 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 1,480 720 765 20 0 10
Welsh 685 300 390 10 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,650 870 785 15 10 10
Germanic languages 274,305 130,610 143,700 1,575 810 770
Afrikaans 7,360 3,625 3,735 175 70 105
Danish 5,440 2,455 2,980 10 0 10
Dutch 63,410 29,875 33,535 170 80 90
Frisian 1,655 820 835 10 10 0
German 189,035 90,730 98,305 1,165 625 540
Icelandic 285 130 155 20 0 15
Norwegian 2,140 975 1,165 25 15 10
Swedish 5,125 2,345 2,785 10 0 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,275 1,050 1,225 15 10 10
Yiddish 7,175 3,535 3,640 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 3,290 1,645 1,645 10 0 0
Greek 80,690 40,105 40,590 40 20 15
Indo-Iranian languages 915,765 463,175 452,585 1,285 710 575
Indo-Aryan languages 759,390 384,940 374,450 1,255 690 565
Bengali 59,685 30,420 29,265 35 25 10
Gujarati 103,890 52,380 51,510 650 355 300
Hindi 250,095 127,765 122,335 635 350 285
Kashmiri 600 300 300 0 0 0
Konkani 5,490 2,515 2,975 0 0 0
Marathi 10,360 5,380 4,980 25 20 0
Nepali 10,245 5,115 5,135 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 1,090 515 570 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 282,065 145,050 137,015 255 145 110
Sindhi 11,515 5,385 6,130 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,555 9,230 9,330 15 10 0
Urdu 231,500 117,305 114,190 180 85 100
Iranian languages 163,490 81,710 81,785 35 20 15
Kurdish 8,795 4,755 4,040 0 0 0
Pashto 15,315 8,145 7,170 25 10 10
Persian (Farsi) 145,465 72,275 73,190 15 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,665 2,495 2,175 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 880,330 418,225 462,105 2,960 1,460 1,500
Catalan 515 275 240 0 0 0
Italian 333,645 161,190 172,455 85 30 55
Portuguese 193,520 93,885 99,635 55 35 20
Romanian 49,635 23,205 26,430 25 10 15
Spanish 337,615 156,040 181,580 2,825 1,400 1,425
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,355 745 605 0 0 0
Japanese 25,675 11,535 14,140 20 0 15
Kartvelian languages 1,555 775 780 0 0 0
Georgian 1,555 770 785 0 0 0
Korean 79,175 36,930 42,245 130 65 65
Mongolic languages 515 225 285 0 0 0
Mongolian 515 225 285 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 70,570 33,620 36,945 255 155 100
Akan (Twi) 15,950 7,520 8,435 15 10 0
Bamanankan 385 195 185 0 0 0
Edo 2,130 930 1,195 0 0 0
Ewe 880 435 445 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 700 320 375 0 0 0
Ga 1,340 645 695 0 0 0
Ganda 1,225 550 675 35 25 10
Igbo 4,025 2,105 1,920 20 10 0
Lingala 4,885 2,165 2,720 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,555 1,080 1,475 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,220 885 1,330 0 0 0
Shona 2,350 1,055 1,300 10 0 0
Swahili 16,750 8,110 8,640 35 25 15
Wolof 730 355 375 0 0 0
Yoruba 10,495 5,345 5,150 135 75 60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 11,210 5,255 5,950 50 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,025 1,020 1,010 0 0 0
Dinka 415 220 200 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,615 805 810 0 0 0
Sign languages 18,865 7,645 11,220 110 25 80
American Sign Language 10,220 3,695 6,525 55 10 50
Quebec Sign Language 235 60 180 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 8,690 4,005 4,680 50 20 35
Sino-Tibetan languages 689,145 324,575 364,565 1,770 885 885
Chinese languages 679,170 319,635 359,530 1,770 880 885
Cantonese 341,875 159,280 182,600 355 175 180
Hakka 7,865 3,445 4,420 0 0 0
Mandarin 385,395 179,890 205,510 1,370 690 685
Min Dong 810 330 480 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 16,980 7,650 9,330 35 20 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,305 3,860 4,440 20 0 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,455 7,710 8,745 145 80 65
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,460 5,200 5,260 10 0 0
Burmese 2,215 1,055 1,165 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,820 905 920 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,695 2,845 2,850 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,245 645 605 10 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 11,120 4,945 6,180 30 20 10
Lao 6,740 3,215 3,520 15 0 0
Thai 5,195 2,065 3,135 25 15 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages 33,335 17,310 16,025 15 0 10
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,710 1,550 0 0 0
Turkish 27,850 14,510 13,340 0 0 0
Uyghur 700 350 345 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,405 700 705 10 10 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 915 450 465 0 0 0
Uralic languages 58,370 27,060 31,310 15 0 10
Estonian 4,785 2,155 2,625 0 0 0
Finnish 11,145 4,865 6,280 15 0 10
Hungarian 42,545 20,070 22,480 10 0 10
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,950 1,725 10 10 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 65,840 32,375 33,465
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705 59,955 29,440 30,520
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255 14,145 7,325 6,825
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445 45,810 22,115 23,690
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,019,095 484,880 534,215 5,880 2,935 2,945
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 65,840 32,375 33,465
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545 56,645 27,720 28,925
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 8,585 4,345 4,240
Before 1981 1,077,745 507,500 570,240 1,050 485 560
1981 to 1990 513,995 246,235 267,755 310 170 145
1991 to 2000 834,510 390,315 444,195 540 265 275
2001 to 2010 953,730 446,895 506,835 3,915 2,085 1,830
2001 to 2005 490,560 230,950 259,610 735 435 305
2006 to 2010 463,170 215,945 247,225 3,180 1,650 1,530
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 472,170 223,715 248,450 2,770 1,345 1,430
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 201,200 102,305 98,895 605 305 300
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485 8,585 4,345 4,240
Under 5 years 369,955 184,255 185,705 785 430 360
5 to 14 years 685,085 345,865 339,225 1,700 850 855
15 to 24 years 855,475 381,025 474,450 1,445 695 755
25 to 44 years 1,579,500 741,340 838,160 4,135 2,110 2,035
45 years and over 362,130 162,180 199,945 515 270 240
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 8,585 4,345 4,240
Americas 598,950 265,930 333,025 2,475 1,205 1,270
Brazil 14,705 6,700 8,010 0 0 0
Colombia 28,815 13,085 15,730 435 235 195
El Salvador 20,920 10,165 10,750 905 485 425
Guyana 79,745 35,325 44,420 10 10 0
Haiti 10,195 4,410 5,785 0 0 0
Jamaica 119,840 51,320 68,525 25 15 15
Mexico 30,075 13,895 16,185 95 40 55
Peru 10,550 4,660 5,895 10 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 52,810 23,515 29,300 35 20 15
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 109,005 47,170 61,830 315 130 180
Other places of birth in Americas 122,280 55,685 66,600 640 280 360
Europe 1,144,295 546,250 598,050 1,995 995 1,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,300 10,655 10,645 20 10 10
Croatia 27,330 13,495 13,835 0 0 0
France 13,385 6,310 7,070 25 0 20
Germany 63,460 29,685 33,775 370 240 130
Greece 36,575 18,225 18,350 15 15 0
Hungary 22,085 10,495 11,590 0 0 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15,275 7,415 7,860 55 25 25
Italy 157,815 78,510 79,305 35 10 30
Netherlands 47,400 23,910 23,490 140 65 75
Poland 96,000 43,155 52,845 70 35 35
Portugal 103,025 50,240 52,785 10 0 10
Romania 42,720 19,720 23,000 10 0 0
Russian Federation 42,980 18,540 24,440 70 40 35
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 23,695 11,610 12,085 0 0 0
Ukraine 39,945 18,150 21,795 360 175 190
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 264,125 125,730 138,390 700 330 370
Other places of birth in Europe 127,190 60,395 66,790 125 65 55
Africa 226,770 109,585 117,185 900 505 395
Algeria 2,925 1,480 1,450 10 10 0
Egypt 34,510 18,000 16,510 25 10 15
Ethiopia 15,570 7,230 8,340 185 115 65
Kenya 14,940 6,910 8,025 15 20 0
Morocco 5,485 2,690 2,795 0 0 0
Nigeria 20,630 10,285 10,345 145 85 65
Somalia 16,970 6,845 10,125 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 19,390 9,545 9,840 145 60 85
Other places of birth in Africa 96,355 46,610 49,745 380 215 165
Asia 1,869,805 886,570 983,240 3,190 1,625 1,570
Afghanistan 33,145 16,490 16,655 0 0 0
Bangladesh 39,410