Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ontario [Province] and Division No. 9, Census division [Census division], Manitoba

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

[Province]
Division No. 9, CDR
Manitoba
[Census division]
Data quality , Ontario [Province]  Map : Ontario [Province] Data quality : Division No. 9, Census division [Census division], Manitoba  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,489  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,807  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,169  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,987.91  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105 24,390 12,015 12,375
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350 5,230 2,670 2,560
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055 1,840 940 900
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765 1,765 895 875
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530 1,620 835 785
15 to 64 years 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750 15,185 7,565 7,615
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,945 1,655 905 750
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570 1,435 765 675
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010 1,495 730 765
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965 1,445 730 715
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585 1,315 595 720
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415 1,365 675 690
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275 1,375 670 705
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175 1,710 845 860
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180 1,850 910 935
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640 1,540 735 805
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000 3,980 1,780 2,195
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270 1,260 625 635
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185 960 455 510
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195 715 320 395
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360 475 210 265
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985 570 170 395
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425 360 130 230
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990 160 40 120
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060 45 0 40
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520 5 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 21.4 22.2 20.7
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.3 66.4 62.3 63.0 61.5
65 years and over 16.7 15.5 17.9 16.3 14.8 17.7
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.3 1.4 3.2
Average age of the population 41.0 40.0 41.9 39.0 37.8 40.2
Median age of the population 41.3 40.2 42.4 38.5 36.7 40.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750 19,160 9,350 9,815
Married or living common law 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795 10,775 5,385 5,390
Married 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655 8,985 4,500 4,490
Living common law 906,155 455,015 451,145 1,790 885 905
Not married and not living common law 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955 8,385 3,960 4,425
Never married 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605 5,615 3,075 2,540
Separated 328,675 138,140 190,535 495 225 265
Divorced 653,835 252,900 400,935 965 380 585
Widowed 637,150 128,265 508,880 1,310 280 1,030
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300 3,830 1,850 1,985
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 23,850 11,755 12,095
English only 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665 21,795 10,750 11,045
French only 40,040 17,340 22,705 20 10 10
English and French 1,490,390 665,850 824,540 1,895 915 985
Neither English nor French 326,935 130,850 196,085 140 80 60
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995 23,850 11,755 12,095
English 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355 22,900 11,245 11,650
French 504,130 236,875 267,250 795 420 375
English and French 92,940 42,910 50,030 20 10 10
Neither English nor French 321,480 128,125 193,355 135 80 55
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 550,600 258,330 292,270 805 425 380
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.1 4.0 4.3 3.4 3.6 3.1
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990 23,850 11,750 12,095
Single responses 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330 23,485 11,570 11,915
Official languages 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520 20,570 10,145 10,430
English 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110 19,715 9,695 10,015
French 490,715 231,310 259,410 860 445 410
Non-official languages 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810 2,915 1,430 1,485
Aboriginal languages 22,765 10,815 11,950 295 125 170
Algonquian languages 21,235 10,175 11,060 255 100 160
Blackfoot 10 5 5 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,080 2,485 2,595 25 10 15
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 85 40 45 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 55 25 30 0 0 5
Plains Cree 35 5 30 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 355 135 225 10 0 5
Woods Cree 15 10 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 4,500 2,255 2,245 15 10 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 40 50 0 0 0
Malecite 10 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 85 35 50 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 16,025 7,620 8,400 230 90 140
Algonquin 65 30 35 0 0 0
Ojibway 9,505 4,515 4,985 225 90 140
Oji-Cree 6,310 3,015 3,300 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 65 80 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 60 20 40 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dene 20 10 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 475 165 305 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 425 145 280 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 710 300 410 0 0 0
Cayuga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 590 255 335 0 0 0
Oneida 55 15 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 15 0 5 0
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 30 20 10
Dakota 5 5 5 30 20 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 130 105 0 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865 2,620 1,300 1,315
Afro-Asiatic languages 253,830 127,720 126,110 10 10 5
Berber languages 725 405 320 0 0 0
Kabyle 425 225 200 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 180 120 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 24,605 10,730 13,870 0 0 0
Bilen 250 140 110 0 0 0
Oromo 1,445 720 730 0 5 0
Somali 22,680 9,755 12,925 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225 115 110 0 0 0
Semitic languages 227,985 116,320 111,665 10 5 0
Amharic 10,720 4,960 5,760 0 0 0
Arabic 171,370 88,400 82,965 10 5 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 14,555 7,135 7,420 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 4,795 2,365 2,425 0 0 0
Harari 1,030 485 545 0 0 0
Hebrew 11,575 6,220 5,350 5 5 0
Maltese 5,175 2,575 2,600 0 0 0
Tigrigna 7,345 3,470 3,870 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,435 705 730 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 520 265 250 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 78,125 35,880 42,240 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,355 3,330 4,020 0 0 0
Vietnamese 70,690 32,520 38,165 0 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 30 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 194,380 76,060 118,315 210 100 115
Bikol 595 260 330 0 0 0
Cebuano 6,545 2,500 4,045 5 5 5
Fijian 80 45 40 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,750 1,030 1,725 5 5 5
Ilocano 11,285 4,430 6,860 0 0 0
Malagasy 100 45 55 0 0 0
Malay 5,760 2,520 3,240 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,505 670 840 0 0 0
Pangasinan 535 215 315 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 163,415 63,665 99,755 195 90 105
Waray-Waray 405 140 270 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,400 550 850 0 0 5
Creole languages 11,255 5,095 6,165 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 630 290 340 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,025 3,580 4,440 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,605 1,225 1,380 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 148,605 73,530 75,075 65 35 30
Kannada 2,670 1,365 1,305 5 0 5
Malayalam 17,140 8,795 8,350 55 30 25
Tamil 117,630 57,310 60,320 10 0 5
Telugu 10,820 5,895 4,925 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 525 250 270 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165 2,225 1,105 1,115
Albanian 19,045 9,535 9,510 0 0 0
Armenian 15,070 7,305 7,765 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 410,725 188,695 222,025 190 80 110
Baltic languages 9,080 3,785 5,295 0 0 0
Latvian 3,910 1,650 2,260 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5,175 2,135 3,035 0 5 0
Slavic languages 401,645 184,915 216,730 185 80 110
Belarusan 515 230 280 5 0 0
Bosnian 6,370 3,125 3,245 0 0 0
Bulgarian 9,095 4,355 4,740 0 0 0
Croatian 31,875 15,460 16,410 0 0 0
Czech 10,670 4,930 5,740 5 5 5
Macedonian 15,635 7,470 8,165 0 0 0
Polish 121,075 54,675 66,405 20 10 10
Russian 101,100 45,630 55,470 35 15 15
Serbian 41,740 20,585 21,150 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,875 2,310 2,570 0 0 0
Slovak 10,280 4,710 5,565 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 6,740 2,995 3,745 5 5 0
Ukrainian 40,375 17,760 22,610 125 50 75
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,310 670 635 0 0 0
Celtic languages 1,110 505 605 5 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 450 210 240 0 5 5
Welsh 435 180 260 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 110 0 0 0
Germanic languages 200,640 94,475 106,165 1,810 895 910
Afrikaans 2,295 1,125 1,170 5 5 0
Danish 4,265 2,010 2,250 0 0 5
Dutch 51,720 24,875 26,840 110 55 55
Frisian 1,240 630 620 5 0 5
German 131,525 61,520 70,005 1,675 830 845
Icelandic 210 100 110 10 5 5
Norwegian 940 405 540 0 0 0
Swedish 2,395 1,040 1,350 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,150 925 1,225 5 0 0
Yiddish 3,735 1,765 1,970 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85 0 0 0
Greek 55,415 27,305 28,110 5 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages 707,845 357,350 350,495 95 50 45
Indo-Aryan languages 565,600 285,720 279,875 90 45 40
Bengali 46,810 23,615 23,195 10 5 5
Gujarati 76,675 38,740 37,940 15 5 5
Hindi 58,735 29,805 28,930 5 5 0
Kashmiri 345 170 175 0 0 0
Konkani 2,510 1,195 1,315 0 0 0
Marathi 5,490 2,805 2,685 0 0 0
Nepali 7,870 3,915 3,960 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 715 380 335 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 197,060 100,160 96,895 25 10 15
Sindhi 6,840 3,225 3,615 5 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10,165 4,925 5,235 0 0 0
Urdu 152,385 76,795 75,595 30 20 10
Iranian languages 139,675 70,270 69,405 10 0 5
Kurdish 6,665 3,615 3,050 0 0 0
Pashto 10,950 5,630 5,315 5 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 122,070 61,025 61,040 5 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,565 1,350 1,215 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 614,525 295,030 319,490 125 70 55
Catalan 285 150 135 0 0 0
Italian 231,040 112,440 118,600 10 10 5
Portuguese 150,000 72,280 77,715 10 5 5
Romanian 41,755 19,565 22,190 5 5 5
Spanish 191,025 90,390 100,630 90 55 35
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 420 200 215 0 0 0
Japanese 13,260 4,590 8,670 5 5 5
Kartvelian languages 1,200 635 565 0 0 0
Georgian 1,200 635 565 0 0 0
Korean 69,775 32,035 37,740 20 10 10
Mongolic languages 405 180 220 0 0 0
Mongolian 405 180 225 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 35,760 16,705 19,050 10 5 5
Akan (Twi) 9,695 4,510 5,190 0 0 0
Bamanankan 140 60 80 0 0 0
Edo 1,140 475 670 0 0 0
Ewe 560 270 295 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 365 180 185 0 0 0
Ga 600 275 325 0 0 0
Ganda 760 360 400 0 0 0
Igbo 2,090 1,080 1,010 0 0 0
Lingala 850 365 485 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,430 640 785 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,330 545 785 0 0 0
Shona 1,455 660 790 0 0 0
Swahili 5,525 2,540 2,985 0 0 0
Wolof 290 145 150 0 0 0
Yoruba 4,365 2,260 2,105 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,155 2,345 2,810 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,610 810 800 0 0 0
Dinka 345 170 175 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,260 635 625 5 0 0
Sign languages 3,030 1,570 1,455 5 5 0
American Sign Language 1,305 640 670 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,700 925 780 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 611,795 284,865 326,935 25 10 15
Chinese languages 602,610 280,340 322,270 25 10 15
Cantonese 275,315 128,090 147,220 5 0 5
Hakka 6,985 3,140 3,840 0 0 0
Mandarin 283,735 132,275 151,460 15 5 5
Min Dong 855 405 450 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,545 6,240 7,300 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,300 2,825 3,470 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 15,645 7,235 8,410 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 9,185 4,520 4,660 0 0 0
Burmese 1,640 775 865 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,730 865 860 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,115 2,530 2,585 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 700 345 350 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 8,485 3,535 4,945 30 20 10
Lao 5,190 2,480 2,710 25 15 10
Thai 3,270 1,045 2,220 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,615 11,745 10,870 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,070 920 0 0 0
Turkish 18,415 9,610 8,810 0 0 0
Uyghur 515 255 260 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,055 515 545 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 640 295 345 0 5 0
Uralic languages 50,670 23,095 27,570 15 5 5
Estonian 4,205 1,810 2,400 0 0 0
Finnish 9,720 4,140 5,580 0 5 0
Hungarian 36,740 17,150 19,590 5 5 5
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,475 780 690 0 0 0
Multiple responses 365,910 176,250 189,660 365 185 180
English and French 54,045 25,165 28,880 90 50 40
English and non-official language 288,285 140,345 147,940 275 130 140
French and non-official language 12,565 5,735 6,830 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 11,010 5,000 6,005 0 0 0
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 23,850 11,755 12,095
Single responses 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085 23,335 11,500 11,835
Official languages 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300 21,775 10,725 11,055
English 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800 21,460 10,565 10,890
French 277,045 129,540 147,500 315 155 160
Non-official languages 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780 1,560 775 780
Aboriginal languages 9,210 4,600 4,610 50 25 30
Algonquian languages 8,685 4,370 4,320 45 15 25
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,370 1,205 1,165 0 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 10 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 105 50 55 5 0 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 2,220 1,135 1,085 5 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 6,305 3,155 3,145 45 15 25
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 3,315 1,695 1,620 40 15 25
Oji-Cree 2,905 1,420 1,490 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 160 60 90 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 140 60 80 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 210 90 120 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 185 80 100 0 0 0
Oneida 20 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5 5 5 0
Dakota 5 5 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 120 55 65 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170 1,505 755 755
Afro-Asiatic languages 138,460 66,865 71,590 0 0 0
Berber languages 345 175 170 0 5 0
Kabyle 255 125 130 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 14,460 6,100 8,360 0 0 0
Bilen 170 80 85 0 0 0
Oromo 805 380 425 0 0 0
Somali 13,370 5,590 7,780 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 0 0 0
Semitic languages 123,410 60,475 62,940 0 0 0
Amharic 5,625 2,540 3,085 0 0 0
Arabic 94,195 46,505 47,695 5 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,515 4,595 4,920 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,915 1,410 1,500 0 0 0
Harari 555 250 305 0 0 0
Hebrew 4,850 2,505 2,345 0 0 0
Maltese 1,090 505 580 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,920 1,805 2,115 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 755 360 395 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 115 125 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 50,245 23,105 27,140 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,770 1,650 2,120 0 0 0
Vietnamese 46,435 21,435 25,000 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 85,370 36,525 48,845 105 60 50
Bikol 90 35 55 0 0 0
Cebuano 2,325 1,020 1,315 0 0 0
Fijian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 910 385 530 0 0 0
Ilocano 4,100 1,780 2,320 0 0 0
Malagasy 35 15 20 0 0 0
Malay 1,810 860 945 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 200 250 0 0 0
Pangasinan 90 40 50 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75,070 31,965 43,105 105 55 50
Waray-Waray 90 35 55 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 175 200 0 0 0
Creole languages 5,325 2,355 2,970 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 355 165 190 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,995 1,735 2,255 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 975 455 520 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 96,250 46,575 49,680 35 20 15
Kannada 1,060 540 520 5 5 0
Malayalam 8,760 4,460 4,295 30 20 15
Tamil 80,600 38,460 42,140 5 0 0
Telugu 5,705 3,050 2,655 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 200 95 105 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 978,300 469,640 508,670 1,295 645 650
Albanian 9,190 4,580 4,605 0 0 0
Armenian 8,630 4,065 4,560 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 192,945 90,585 102,365 40 20 25
Baltic languages 2,305 950 1,355 0 0 0
Latvian 860 350 515 0 0 0
Lithuanian 1,440 600 840 0 0 0
Slavic languages 190,645 89,635 101,005 35 20 20
Belarusan 175 80 90 0 0 0
Bosnian 3,220 1,595 1,620 0 0 0
Bulgarian 4,830 2,350 2,480 0 0 0
Croatian 11,125 5,275 5,855 0 0 0
Czech 3,070 1,480 1,595 0 0 0
Macedonian 6,255 2,965 3,285 0 0 0
Polish 52,555 24,510 28,045 0 0 0
Russian 63,570 29,655 33,920 25 15 10
Serbian 23,175 11,335 11,840 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,925 920 1,010 0 0 0
Slovak 3,520 1,680 1,845 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,465 645 815 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15,415 6,995 8,420 10 0 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 355 160 190 0 0 0
Celtic languages 120 65 55 5 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 5 0 0
Welsh 30 10 15 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Germanic languages 44,515 21,630 22,880 1,125 550 570
Afrikaans 755 365 390 0 0 0
Danish 280 135 150 0 0 0
Dutch 4,450 2,145 2,305 15 5 5
Frisian 90 45 45 0 5 0
German 37,255 18,140 19,120 1,105 540 565
Icelandic 45 20 30 0 0 0
Norwegian 70 30 40 0 0 0
Swedish 385 190 190 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 145 60 85 0 0 0
Yiddish 370 190 185 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 655 315 340 5 5 0
Greek 21,700 10,160 11,535 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 435,835 215,755 220,080 55 30 25
Indo-Aryan languages 344,050 171,125 172,920 50 30 20
Bengali 29,590 14,595 14,995 5 5 0
Gujarati 45,445 22,410 23,035 5 5 5
Hindi 28,960 14,485 14,475 0 0 5
Kashmiri 65 30 35 0 0 0
Konkani 540 260 280 5 0 0
Marathi 2,420 1,230 1,190 0 0 0
Nepali 5,640 2,815 2,820 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 325 160 165 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,135 66,410 65,725 10 5 5
Sindhi 2,880 1,320 1,560 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,595 2,250 2,345 0 0 0
Urdu 91,450 45,160 46,295 20 10 10
Iranian languages 90,730 44,090 46,640 5 5 5
Kurdish 3,675 1,900 1,770 0 0 0
Pashto 6,750 3,360 3,395 5 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 80,305 38,830 41,475 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,050 540 515 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 265,375 122,790 142,585 75 40 30
Catalan 135 60 75 0 0 0
Italian 72,960 31,195 41,770 0 5 0
Portuguese 67,415 32,065 35,355 5 5 5
Romanian 19,920 9,380 10,535 5 5 0
Spanish 104,820 50,035 54,785 65 40 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 0 0 0
Japanese 6,040 2,590 3,450 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 770 420 355 0 0 0
Georgian 775 420 355 0 0 0
Korean 48,540 22,685 25,855 15 10 10
Mongolic languages 225 115 110 0 0 0
Mongolian 230 120 110 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 12,120 5,400 6,725 5 5 0
Akan (Twi) 4,415 1,915 2,495 0 0 0
Bamanankan 25 15 15 0 0 0
Edo 305 120 180 0 0 0
Ewe 135 60 80 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 0 0 0
Ga 175 80 100 0 0 0
Ganda 195 85 110 0 0 0
Igbo 540 265 275 0 0 0
Lingala 225 100 130 0 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 475 230 240 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 420 160 260 0 0 0
Shona 455 210 245 0 0 0
Swahili 2,085 925 1,160 0 0 0
Wolof 130 65 65 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,300 625 675 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,120 500 625 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 550 260 290 0 0 0
Dinka 120 60 65 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 195 225 0 0 0
Sign languages 4,425 2,485 1,940 10 5 5
American Sign Language 1,605 830 770 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 2,795 1,640 1,150 0 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 448,200 210,560 237,640 20 10 10
Chinese languages 441,615 207,305 234,310 20 10 10
Cantonese 198,745 91,545 107,200 0 0 0
Hakka 2,870 1,305 1,575 0 0 0
Mandarin 220,535 105,360 115,175 10 0 5
Min Dong 265 115 145 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,775 2,635 3,140 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,690 1,735 1,955 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,630 4,565 5,070 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,580 3,250 3,330 0 0 0
Burmese 1,010 480 530 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,360 685 675 0 0 0
Tibetan 3,875 1,925 1,945 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 165 170 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,865 1,845 2,020 15 10 10
Lao 2,535 1,220 1,315 10 5 5
Thai 1,315 615 695 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 12,435 6,200 6,230 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 770 385 380 0 0 0
Turkish 10,545 5,245 5,300 0 0 0
Uyghur 290 150 140 0 0 0
Uzbek 585 290 295 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15,330 6,990 8,340 0 5 0
Estonian 790 290 500 0 0 0
Finnish 1,835 780 1,050 0 0 0
Hungarian 12,700 5,915 6,790 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 465 245 225 0 0 0
Multiple responses 790,825 379,925 410,905 515 250 265
English and French 45,655 20,895 24,755 45 15 25
English and non-official language 719,595 347,730 371,865 470 230 240
French and non-official language 6,725 2,930 3,795 5 5 0
English, French and non-official language 18,855 8,365 10,490 0 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 23,850 11,755 12,100
None 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000 21,705 10,700 11,000
English 896,170 437,015 459,155 910 455 460
French 243,970 108,390 135,580 435 220 215
Non-official language 1,056,960 501,315 555,645 780 370 415
Aboriginal 14,315 6,580 7,735 325 140 185
Non-Aboriginal 1,042,645 494,735 547,910 455 225 230
English and French 8,150 3,755 4,395 0 0 0
English and non-official language 19,105 9,370 9,735 5 5 5
French and non-official language 16,435 7,165 9,270 5 5 0
English, French and non-official language 415 205 215 5 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 17,615 8,595 9,020
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475 16,915 8,240 8,675
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,539 39,889 28,676 33,575 39,453 29,337
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975 16,920 8,240 8,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,641 35,753 26,585 29,899 34,393 26,720
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675 15,060 7,530 7,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,871 39,831 27,012 31,387 37,805 25,798
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770 12,440 5,450 6,990
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,206 2,034 5,463 6,232 4,115 7,105
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 12,415 6,465 5,955
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,946 39,490 29,413 32,775 38,568 28,105
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 17,615 8,570 9,040
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580 16,855 8,165 8,685
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,915 56,780 39,585 39,722 44,835 34,915
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210 16,855 8,165 8,685
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,318 45,443 33,564 33,498 37,121 30,091
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415 15,025 7,470 7,555
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,890 57,511 38,459 37,921 43,798 32,114
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475 12,325 5,325 7,000
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,346 6,763 7,815 8,088 7,344 8,653
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985 12,415 6,365 6,055
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,369 55,263 39,057 38,158 43,408 32,639
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 17,615 8,575 9,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900 6,170 3,485 2,685
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,121 60,345 49,713 47,818 52,362 42,951
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,628 76,536 58,676 52,991 57,624 46,977
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.1 84.7 85.2 89.7 79.6
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.9 76.0 68.7 70.6 75.7 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.9 15.3 14.9 10.3 20.4
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 17,615 8,600 9,015
Without total income 481,500 227,390 254,115 700 360 340
With total income 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475 16,915 8,240 8,675
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 96.0 95.8 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,615,790 711,105 904,685 2,350 1,135 1,215
$10,000 to $19,999 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645 2,685 1,040 1,640
$20,000 to $29,999 1,410,760 589,975 820,785 2,585 1,030 1,555
$30,000 to $39,999 1,147,510 519,550 627,955 2,240 950 1,290
$40,000 to $49,999 1,021,880 489,595 532,285 2,190 1,065 1,130
$50,000 to $59,999 809,115 415,950 393,165 1,595 910 680
$60,000 to $69,999 630,635 348,525 282,110 980 610 370
$70,000 to $79,999 479,890 277,725 202,165 770 510 260
$80,000 to $89,999 378,185 222,095 156,095 515 325 195
$90,000 to $99,999 324,810 181,815 142,995 290 175 115
$100,000 and over 909,005 616,420 292,585 710 490 220
$100,000 to $149,999 600,995 394,410 206,590 555 375 175
$150,000 and over 308,010 222,010 86,000 155 115 40
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 17,615 8,600 9,020
Without after-tax income 478,635 227,025 251,610 700 355 340
With after-tax income 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980 16,915 8,240 8,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.8 95.6 96.0 95.8 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,659,280 722,040 937,235 2,425 1,155 1,270
$10,000 to $19,999 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540 2,895 1,150 1,745
$20,000 to $29,999 1,623,230 690,290 932,940 3,165 1,275 1,890
$30,000 to $39,999 1,377,100 642,645 734,450 2,885 1,320 1,565
$40,000 to $49,999 1,166,040 585,490 580,555 2,265 1,270 995
$50,000 to $59,999 845,305 464,610 380,700 1,360 840 525
$60,000 to $69,999 604,005 354,015 249,985 845 525 325
$70,000 to $79,999 465,485 268,140 197,345 450 275 175
$80,000 and over 912,490 611,260 301,230 615 430 185
$80,000 to $89,999 299,315 183,410 115,905 235 155 80
$90,000 to $99,999 174,110 116,330 57,785 155 110 45
$100,000 and over 439,070 311,525 127,540 230 165 60
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 17,615 8,595 9,020
Without employment income 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245 5,195 2,135 3,060
With employment income 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 12,420 6,460 5,955
Percentage with employment income 70.6 74.8 66.6 70.5 75.2 66.0
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,094,860 546,920 547,940 1,555 735 815
$5,000 to $9,999 635,305 281,135 354,165 930 440 490
$10,000 to $19,999 1,027,910 464,445 563,465 1,630 730 905
$20,000 to $29,999 827,805 372,185 455,625 1,630 705 925
$30,000 to $39,999 767,840 351,925 415,910 1,585 720 860
$40,000 to $49,999 709,775 341,320 368,450 1,495 775 720
$50,000 to $59,999 588,220 310,155 278,065 1,085 690 395
$60,000 to $69,999 465,670 263,430 202,240 735 465 270
$70,000 to $79,999 369,085 218,570 150,515 575 400 175
$80,000 and over 1,304,210 848,245 455,970 1,195 805 390
$80,000 to $89,999 307,660 182,660 125,005 440 265 175
$90,000 to $99,999 280,530 156,440 124,090 240 150 85
$100,000 and over 716,015 509,140 206,875 520 380 135
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,636  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,247  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,013  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,572  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,327  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,822  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,713  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,757  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,068  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,527  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,634  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,853  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,853  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,558  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,548  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,097  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,344  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,818,815 867,175 951,640 3,255 1,580 1,685
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,097 33,925 30,753 32,357 35,296 30,563
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,417 30,678 28,442 28,987 30,528 27,856
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,814,575 864,020 950,555 3,225 1,550 1,680
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,298 46,765 42,057 37,096 39,078 35,268
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,874 38,228 35,644 31,812 32,963 30,750
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955 22,375 11,025 11,350
In the bottom half of the distribution 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895 13,490 6,420 7,075
In the bottom decile 1,346,645 651,310 695,335 3,250 1,555 1,690
In the second decile 1,280,675 581,380 699,290 2,680 1,195 1,485
In the third decile 1,237,415 583,840 653,575 2,565 1,215 1,345
In the fourth decile 1,223,510 589,740 633,770 2,530 1,230 1,300
In the fifth decile 1,246,925 610,000 636,930 2,470 1,220 1,250
In the top half of the distribution 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060 8,880 4,610 4,270
In the sixth decile 1,279,095 629,635 649,465 2,315 1,200 1,110
In the seventh decile 1,321,220 655,840 665,375 2,175 1,110 1,060
In the eighth decile 1,382,795 691,630 691,165 1,935 1,010 930
In the ninth decile 1,464,415 736,030 728,385 1,615 840 770
In the top decile 1,459,465 742,795 716,670 850 445 400
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130 20,910 10,270 10,640
0 to 17 years 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630 5,070 2,620 2,450
0 to 5 years 835,000 428,025 406,975 1,760 905 860
18 to 64 years 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345 12,315 6,045 6,270
65 years and over 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155 3,525 1,610 1,910
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445 3,590 1,600 1,985
0 to 17 years 489,905 251,830 238,080 1,295 655 645
0 to 5 years 165,140 84,825 80,310 535 275 260
18 to 64 years 1,155,315 538,535 616,780 1,730 750 980
65 years and over 253,755 96,170 157,585 560 195 360
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 17.2 15.6 18.7
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.5 18.4 25.5 25.0 26.3
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.8 19.7 30.4 30.4 30.2
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.1 14.3 14.0 12.4 15.6
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.9 13.8 15.9 12.1 18.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,298,590 627,935 670,650 1,340 620 720
0 to 17 years 304,390 156,575 147,815 435 195 240
0 to 5 years 102,750 52,810 49,935 205 95 110
18 to 64 years 887,640 430,545 457,095 845 400 445
65 years and over 106,555 40,815 65,740 55 25 30
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.7 9.9 6.4 6.0 6.8
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.5 11.4 8.6 7.4 9.8
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.3 11.6 10.5 12.8
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 6.9 6.6 7.1
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.2 5.8 1.6 1.6 1.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925 22,375 11,025 11,350
Official languages 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145 22,315 10,985 11,335
English 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825 22,305 10,980 11,325
French 1,521,020 677,505 843,510 1,910 940 970
Non-official languages 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760 2,310 1,155 1,160
Aboriginal languages 33,855 15,815 18,035 560 255 305
Algonquian languages 30,630 14,505 16,125 495 215 285
Blackfoot 15 15 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 6,560 3,160 3,395 55 25 30
Atikamekw 10 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 145 70 75 0 0 0
Naskapi 25 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 65 25 45 0 0 0
Plains Cree 105 50 50 0 10 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 605 255 350 20 0 20
Woods Cree 45 25 25 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,620 2,760 2,865 30 10 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 95 85 0 0 0
Malecite 20 20 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 160 75 85 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 23,980 11,285 12,690 460 200 260
Algonquin 205 95 105 0 0 0
Ojibway 16,220 7,600 8,630 445 195 245
Oji-Cree 7,515 3,585 3,935 20 10 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 200 105 100 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 25 65 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 0 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 10 0 0 0
Dene 45 20 30 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 840 320 525 0 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 730 285 445 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 105 35 70 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 1,940 810 1,125 0 0 0
Cayuga 120 35 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 1,625 710 915 0 0 0
Oneida 180 55 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 180 65 110 10 10 0
Salish languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 40 10 30 70 40 30
Dakota 20 10 10 70 40 25
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 10 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 210 100 110 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865 1,755 900 855
Afro-Asiatic languages 362,645 183,050 179,595 40 25 15
Berber languages 925 505 415 0 10 0
Kabyle 530 280 255 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 390 225 165 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 34,160 15,155 19,000 0 0 0
Bilen 355 200 160 0 0 0
Oromo 2,075 905 1,175 0 0 0
Somali 31,535 13,925 17,610 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 370 170 205 0 0 0
Semitic languages 330,315 168,750 161,570 35 25 10
Amharic 16,010 7,565 8,445 0 0 0
Arabic 246,015 127,015 119,000 10 10 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,825 8,775 9,050 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,185 3,045 3,140 0 0 0
Harari 1,310 660 645 0 0 0
Hebrew 43,255 22,165 21,090 25 15 10
Maltese 7,020 3,455 3,570 0 0 0
Tigrigna 9,385 4,320 5,065 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,985 1,010 975 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,125 535 590 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 99,830 46,210 53,620 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,045 4,490 5,550 0 0 0
Vietnamese 90,265 41,965 48,300 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 10 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 249,435 98,295 151,150 270 125 145
Bikol 755 340 425 0 0 0
Cebuano 9,475 3,650 5,830 20 15 0
Fijian 110 40 65 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 3,110 1,205 1,910 0 0 0
Ilocano 15,235 5,940 9,295 0 0 0
Malagasy 215 115 100 0 0 0
Malay 9,780 4,500 5,280 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,935 855 1,080 0 0 0
Pangasinan 565 245 320 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 232,935 91,110 141,820 265 125 145
Waray-Waray 410 125 285 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,785 755 1,030 0 0 0
Creole languages 30,260 13,525 16,735 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 1,430 605 830 0 0 10
Creole, n.o.s. 19,375 8,480 10,895 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,685 4,525 5,155 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 196,315 97,975 98,335 115 70 45
Kannada 5,775 2,930 2,845 10 0 0
Malayalam 22,880 11,535 11,345 80 50 30
Tamil 157,700 77,975 79,730 15 10 10
Telugu 16,315 8,925 7,390 10 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 495 250 240 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 545 265 280 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525 1,280 650 625
Albanian 22,375 11,180 11,195 0 0 0
Armenian 18,435 8,860 9,575 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 473,565 221,450 252,120 220 95 130
Baltic languages 10,545 4,495 6,050 0 0 0
Latvian 4,675 2,070 2,610 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5,875 2,430 3,445 0 0 0
Slavic languages 465,170 217,885 247,285 220 95 130
Belarusan 1,360 680 680 0 0 0
Bosnian 9,915 4,905 5,010 10 0 0
Bulgarian 10,410 5,060 5,350 0 0 0
Croatian 46,580 22,880 23,700 0 0 0
Czech 14,045 6,615 7,430 0 0 0
Macedonian 21,505 10,365 11,140 0 0 0
Polish 142,985 65,415 77,575 15 10 10
Russian 138,735 64,355 74,380 90 50 35
Serbian 53,250 26,725 26,525 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5,815 2,845 2,965 0 0 0
Slovak 12,035 5,550 6,490 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,935 3,550 4,390 0 0 0
Ukrainian 54,615 24,125 30,490 140 55 85
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,750 935 815 0 0 0
Celtic languages 3,800 1,880 1,920 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 1,480 720 765 0 0 0
Welsh 685 300 390 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,650 870 785 0 0 0
Germanic languages 274,305 130,610 143,700 860 450 410
Afrikaans 7,360 3,625 3,735 0 0 0
Danish 5,440 2,455 2,980 0 0 10
Dutch 63,410 29,875 33,535 135 70 60
Frisian 1,655 820 835 0 0 10
German 189,035 90,730 98,305 705 365 340
Icelandic 285 130 155 10 0 0
Norwegian 2,140 975 1,165 0 0 0
Swedish 5,125 2,345 2,785 10 10 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,275 1,050 1,225 10 10 0
Yiddish 7,175 3,535 3,640 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 3,290 1,645 1,645 20 10 10
Greek 80,690 40,105 40,590 0 0 10
Indo-Iranian languages 915,765 463,175 452,585 130 75 55
Indo-Aryan languages 759,390 384,940 374,450 130 75 50
Bengali 59,685 30,420 29,265 0 0 0
Gujarati 103,890 52,380 51,510 10 0 10
Hindi 250,095 127,765 122,335 90 50 40
Kashmiri 600 300 300 0 0 0
Konkani 5,490 2,515 2,975 0 0 0
Marathi 10,360 5,380 4,980 10 0 10
Nepali 10,245 5,115 5,135 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 1,090 515 570 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 282,065 145,050 137,015 25 25 0
Sindhi 11,515 5,385 6,130 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,555 9,230 9,330 0 0 0
Urdu 231,500 117,305 114,190 25 15 10
Iranian languages 163,490 81,710 81,785 10 0 0
Kurdish 8,795 4,755 4,040 0 0 0
Pashto 15,315 8,145 7,170 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 145,465 72,275 73,190 10 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,665 2,495 2,175 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 880,330 418,225 462,105 110 55 55
Catalan 515 275 240 0 0 0
Italian 333,645 161,190 172,455 10 0 0
Portuguese 193,520 93,885 99,635 10 10 0
Romanian 49,635 23,205 26,430 0 0 0
Spanish 337,615 156,040 181,580 95 45 50
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,355 745 605 0 0 0
Japanese 25,675 11,535 14,140 15 10 0
Kartvelian languages 1,555 775 780 0 0 0
Georgian 1,555 770 785 0 0 0
Korean 79,175 36,930 42,245 60 35 25
Mongolic languages 515 225 285 0 0 0
Mongolian 515 225 285 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 70,570 33,620 36,945 25 15 10
Akan (Twi) 15,950 7,520 8,435 10 0 0
Bamanankan 385 195 185 0 0 0
Edo 2,130 930 1,195 0 0 0
Ewe 880 435 445 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 700 320 375 0 0 0
Ga 1,340 645 695 0 0 0
Ganda 1,225 550 675 0 0 0
Igbo 4,025 2,105 1,920 0 0 0
Lingala 4,885 2,165 2,720 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,555 1,080 1,475 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,220 885 1,330 0 0 0
Shona 2,350 1,055 1,300 0 0 0
Swahili 16,750 8,110 8,640 0 0 0
Wolof 730 355 375 0 0 0
Yoruba 10,495 5,345 5,150 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 11,210 5,255 5,950 15 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,025 1,020 1,010 0 0 0
Dinka 415 220 200 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,615 805 810 0 0 0
Sign languages 18,865 7,645 11,220 20 15 10
American Sign Language 10,220 3,695 6,525 15 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 235 60 180 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 8,690 4,005 4,680 10 0 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 689,145 324,575 364,565 10 0 10
Chinese languages 679,170 319,635 359,530 10 10 0
Cantonese 341,875 159,280 182,600 0 0 0
Hakka 7,865 3,445 4,420 0 0 0
Mandarin 385,395 179,890 205,510 0 0 0
Min Dong 810 330 480 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 16,980 7,650 9,330 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,305 3,860 4,440 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,455 7,710 8,745 10 10 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,460 5,200 5,260 0 0 0
Burmese 2,215 1,055 1,165 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,820 905 920 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,695 2,845 2,850 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,245 645 605 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 11,120 4,945 6,180 15 10 0
Lao 6,740 3,215 3,520 15 10 10
Thai 5,195 2,065 3,135 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages 33,335 17,310 16,025 0 0 10
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,710 1,550 0 0 0
Turkish 27,850 14,510 13,340 10 0 0
Uyghur 700 350 345 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,405 700 705 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 915 450 465 0 0 0
Uralic languages 58,370 27,060 31,310 10 10 0
Estonian 4,785 2,155 2,625 0 0 0
Finnish 11,145 4,865 6,280 0 0 0
Hungarian 42,545 20,070 22,480 10 0 10
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,950 1,725 0 0 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 22,370 11,025 11,350
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705 21,580 10,615 10,965
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255 5,635 2,960 2,670
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445 15,945 7,645 8,290
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,019,095 484,880 534,215 795 410 385
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 22,375 11,025 11,350
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545 20,915 10,275 10,645
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 1,280 645 630
Before 1981 1,077,745 507,500 570,240 430 220 210
1981 to 1990 513,995 246,235 267,755 105 45 55
1991 to 2000 834,510 390,315 444,195 70 40 35
2001 to 2010 953,730 446,895 506,835 320 155 160
2001 to 2005 490,560 230,950 259,610 75 30 45
2006 to 2010 463,170 215,945 247,225 245 130 115
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 472,170 223,715 248,450 360 185 175
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 201,200 102,305 98,895 175 105 75
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485 1,280 645 635
Under 5 years 369,955 184,255 185,705 170 120 50
5 to 14 years 685,085 345,865 339,225 220 110 115
15 to 24 years 855,475 381,025 474,450 300 135 165
25 to 44 years 1,579,500 741,340 838,160 505 245 265
45 years and over 362,130 162,180 199,945 85 40 40
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 1,280 645 635
Americas 598,950 265,930 333,025 235 110 125
Brazil 14,705 6,700 8,010 0 0 0
Colombia 28,815 13,085 15,730 0 0 0
El Salvador 20,920 10,165 10,750 10 10 10
Guyana 79,745 35,325 44,420 0 10 0
Haiti 10,195 4,410 5,785 0 0 0
Jamaica 119,840 51,320 68,525 0 0 0
Mexico 30,075 13,895 16,185 50 40 10
Peru 10,550 4,660 5,895 10 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 52,810 23,515 29,300 10 0 10
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 109,005 47,170 61,830 125 45 80
Other places of birth in Americas 122,280 55,685 66,600 25 15 10
Europe 1,144,295 546,250 598,050 535 270 265
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,300 10,655 10,645 0 0 0
Croatia 27,330 13,495 13,835 0 0 0
France 13,385 6,310 7,070 45 30 15
Germany 63,460 29,685 33,775 110 70 40
Greece 36,575 18,225 18,350 10 0 0
Hungary 22,085 10,495 11,590 0 0 10
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15,275 7,415 7,860 10 0 0
Italy 157,815 78,510 79,305 0 0 0
Netherlands 47,400 23,910 23,490 75 30 45
Poland 96,000 43,155 52,845 10 10 10
Portugal 103,025 50,240 52,785 0 10 0
Romania 42,720 19,720 23,000 0 0 0
Russian Federation 42,980 18,540 24,440 25 15 15
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 23,695 11,610 12,085 0 0 0
Ukraine 39,945 18,150 21,795 40 20 25
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 264,125 125,730 138,390 170 80 85
Other places of birth in Europe 127,190 60,395 66,790 30 0 20
Africa 226,770 109,585 117,185 45 35 10
Algeria 2,925 1,480 1,450 0 0 0
Egypt 34,510 18,000 16,510 10 10 0
Ethiopia 15,570 7,230 8,340 10 10 0
Kenya 14,940 6,910 8,025 0 0 0
Morocco 5,485 2,690 2,795 0 10 0
Nigeria 20,630 10,285 10,345 10 10 0
Somalia 16,970 6,845 10,125 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 19,390 9,545 9,840 10 10 0
Other places of birth in Africa 96,355 46,610 49,745 0 10 0
Asia 1,869,805 886,570 983,240 460 220 240
Afghanistan 33,145 16,490 16,655 0 0 10
Bangladesh 39,410 19,970 19,440 0 0 0
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 317,225 143,705 173,515 10 10 10
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 108,030 50,945 57,090 0 0 0
India 360,540 179,950 180,590 115 60 55
IranCensus data footnote 61 86,810