Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ontario [Province] and Division No. 19, Census division [Census division], Manitoba

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

[Province]
Division No. 19, CDR
Manitoba
[Census division]
Data quality , Ontario [Province]  Map : Ontario [Province] Data quality : Division No. 19, Census division [Census division], Manitoba  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,518  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,984  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,817  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 0.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,074.94  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105 16,515 8,370 8,150
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350 5,160 2,645 2,515
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055 1,775 870 905
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765 1,865 970 895
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530 1,525 810 715
15 to 64 years 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750 10,065 5,035 5,025
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,945 1,440 700 735
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570 1,260 635 630
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010 1,080 525 555
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965 920 465 455
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585 815 395 420
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415 905 445 465
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275 965 510 450
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175 1,045 530 515
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180 915 465 450
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640 720 370 355
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000 1,295 690 610
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270 540 285 250
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185 330 175 155
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195 215 120 95
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360 130 65 60
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985 85 45 40
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425 65 35 30
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990 20 5 10
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060 0 0 5
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520 5 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 31.2 31.6 30.9
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.3 66.4 60.9 60.2 61.7
65 years and over 16.7 15.5 17.9 7.8 8.2 7.5
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 0.5 0.5 0.5
Average age of the population 41.0 40.0 41.9 31.0 31.2 30.8
Median age of the population 41.3 40.2 42.4 26.7 26.7 26.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750 11,360 5,725 5,635
Married or living common law 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795 5,415 2,715 2,700
Married 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655 3,310 1,660 1,645
Living common law 906,155 455,015 451,145 2,105 1,050 1,050
Not married and not living common law 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955 5,950 3,010 2,935
Never married 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605 4,700 2,490 2,210
Separated 328,675 138,140 190,535 300 150 150
Divorced 653,835 252,900 400,935 380 190 195
Widowed 637,150 128,265 508,880 560 180 375
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300 2,415 1,390 1,030
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 16,370 8,280 8,090
English only 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665 16,205 8,195 8,015
French only 40,040 17,340 22,705 5 0 0
English and French 1,490,390 665,850 824,540 120 70 55
Neither English nor French 326,935 130,850 196,085 45 25 20
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995 16,375 8,280 8,090
English 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355 16,285 8,230 8,055
French 504,130 236,875 267,250 45 25 15
English and French 92,940 42,910 50,030 5 0 0
Neither English nor French 321,480 128,125 193,355 45 20 20
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 550,600 258,330 292,270 45 25 15
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.1 4.0 4.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990 16,370 8,285 8,090
Single responses 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330 16,120 8,160 7,965
Official languages 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520 13,065 6,560 6,510
English 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110 13,015 6,525 6,485
French 490,715 231,310 259,410 50 30 20
Non-official languages 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810 3,055 1,600 1,455
Aboriginal languages 22,765 10,815 11,950 2,840 1,485 1,355
Algonquian languages 21,235 10,175 11,060 2,820 1,480 1,350
Blackfoot 10 5 5 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,080 2,485 2,595 435 215 215
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 85 40 45 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 55 25 30 0 0 0
Plains Cree 35 5 30 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 355 135 225 5 0 5
Woods Cree 15 10 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 4,500 2,255 2,245 425 215 210
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 40 50 0 0 0
Malecite 10 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 85 35 50 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 16,025 7,620 8,400 2,390 1,260 1,130
Algonquin 65 30 35 0 0 0
Ojibway 9,505 4,515 4,985 2,375 1,250 1,120
Oji-Cree 6,310 3,015 3,300 20 10 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 65 80 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 60 20 40 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dene 20 10 10 5 5 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 475 165 305 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 425 145 280 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 710 300 410 0 0 0
Cayuga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 590 255 335 0 0 0
Oneida 55 15 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 15 5 0 5
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Dakota 5 5 5 10 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 130 105 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865 215 115 105
Afro-Asiatic languages 253,830 127,720 126,110 5 5 0
Berber languages 725 405 320 0 0 0
Kabyle 425 225 200 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 180 120 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 24,605 10,730 13,870 0 0 0
Bilen 250 140 110 0 0 0
Oromo 1,445 720 730 0 0 0
Somali 22,680 9,755 12,925 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225 115 110 0 0 0
Semitic languages 227,985 116,320 111,665 5 5 0
Amharic 10,720 4,960 5,760 0 0 0
Arabic 171,370 88,400 82,965 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 14,555 7,135 7,420 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 4,795 2,365 2,425 0 0 0
Harari 1,030 485 545 0 0 0
Hebrew 11,575 6,220 5,350 0 0 0
Maltese 5,175 2,575 2,600 0 0 0
Tigrigna 7,345 3,470 3,870 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,435 705 730 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 520 265 250 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 78,125 35,880 42,240 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,355 3,330 4,020 0 0 0
Vietnamese 70,690 32,520 38,165 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 30 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 194,380 76,060 118,315 10 0 5
Bikol 595 260 330 0 0 0
Cebuano 6,545 2,500 4,045 0 0 5
Fijian 80 45 40 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,750 1,030 1,725 0 0 0
Ilocano 11,285 4,430 6,860 0 0 0
Malagasy 100 45 55 0 0 0
Malay 5,760 2,520 3,240 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,505 670 840 0 0 0
Pangasinan 535 215 315 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 163,415 63,665 99,755 5 0 0
Waray-Waray 405 140 270 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,400 550 850 0 0 0
Creole languages 11,255 5,095 6,165 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 630 290 340 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,025 3,580 4,440 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,605 1,225 1,380 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 148,605 73,530 75,075 0 0 0
Kannada 2,670 1,365 1,305 0 0 0
Malayalam 17,140 8,795 8,350 0 0 0
Tamil 117,630 57,310 60,320 0 0 0
Telugu 10,820 5,895 4,925 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 525 250 270 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165 190 100 95
Albanian 19,045 9,535 9,510 0 0 0
Armenian 15,070 7,305 7,765 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 410,725 188,695 222,025 40 20 20
Baltic languages 9,080 3,785 5,295 0 0 0
Latvian 3,910 1,650 2,260 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5,175 2,135 3,035 0 0 0
Slavic languages 401,645 184,915 216,730 40 15 15
Belarusan 515 230 280 0 0 0
Bosnian 6,370 3,125 3,245 0 0 0
Bulgarian 9,095 4,355 4,740 0 0 0
Croatian 31,875 15,460 16,410 0 0 0
Czech 10,670 4,930 5,740 0 0 0
Macedonian 15,635 7,470 8,165 0 0 0
Polish 121,075 54,675 66,405 5 0 5
Russian 101,100 45,630 55,470 0 0 0
Serbian 41,740 20,585 21,150 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,875 2,310 2,570 0 0 0
Slovak 10,280 4,710 5,565 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 6,740 2,995 3,745 0 0 0
Ukrainian 40,375 17,760 22,610 30 20 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,310 670 635 0 0 0
Celtic languages 1,110 505 605 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 450 210 240 0 0 0
Welsh 435 180 260 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 110 0 0 0
Germanic languages 200,640 94,475 106,165 150 80 70
Afrikaans 2,295 1,125 1,170 0 0 0
Danish 4,265 2,010 2,250 5 0 0
Dutch 51,720 24,875 26,840 5 5 0
Frisian 1,240 630 620 0 0 0
German 131,525 61,520 70,005 145 70 75
Icelandic 210 100 110 0 0 0
Norwegian 940 405 540 0 0 0
Swedish 2,395 1,040 1,350 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,150 925 1,225 0 0 0
Yiddish 3,735 1,765 1,970 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85 0 0 0
Greek 55,415 27,305 28,110 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 707,845 357,350 350,495 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages 565,600 285,720 279,875 0 0 0
Bengali 46,810 23,615 23,195 0 0 0
Gujarati 76,675 38,740 37,940 0 0 0
Hindi 58,735 29,805 28,930 0 0 0
Kashmiri 345 170 175 0 0 0
Konkani 2,510 1,195 1,315 0 0 0
Marathi 5,490 2,805 2,685 0 0 0
Nepali 7,870 3,915 3,960 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 715 380 335 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 197,060 100,160 96,895 0 0 0
Sindhi 6,840 3,225 3,615 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10,165 4,925 5,235 0 0 0
Urdu 152,385 76,795 75,595 0 0 0
Iranian languages 139,675 70,270 69,405 0 0 0
Kurdish 6,665 3,615 3,050 0 0 0
Pashto 10,950 5,630 5,315 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 122,070 61,025 61,040 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,565 1,350 1,215 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 614,525 295,030 319,490 10 5 5
Catalan 285 150 135 0 0 0
Italian 231,040 112,440 118,600 0 5 0
Portuguese 150,000 72,280 77,715 5 5 5
Romanian 41,755 19,565 22,190 0 0 0
Spanish 191,025 90,390 100,630 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 420 200 215 0 0 0
Japanese 13,260 4,590 8,670 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 1,200 635 565 0 0 0
Georgian 1,200 635 565 0 0 0
Korean 69,775 32,035 37,740 0 0 0
Mongolic languages 405 180 220 0 0 0
Mongolian 405 180 225 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 35,760 16,705 19,050 0 5 0
Akan (Twi) 9,695 4,510 5,190 0 0 0
Bamanankan 140 60 80 0 0 0
Edo 1,140 475 670 0 0 0
Ewe 560 270 295 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 365 180 185 0 0 0
Ga 600 275 325 0 0 0
Ganda 760 360 400 0 0 0
Igbo 2,090 1,080 1,010 0 5 0
Lingala 850 365 485 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,430 640 785 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,330 545 785 0 0 0
Shona 1,455 660 790 0 0 0
Swahili 5,525 2,540 2,985 0 0 0
Wolof 290 145 150 0 0 0
Yoruba 4,365 2,260 2,105 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,155 2,345 2,810 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,610 810 800 0 0 0
Dinka 345 170 175 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,260 635 625 0 0 0
Sign languages 3,030 1,570 1,455 0 0 0
American Sign Language 1,305 640 670 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,700 925 780 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 611,795 284,865 326,935 0 0 0
Chinese languages 602,610 280,340 322,270 0 0 0
Cantonese 275,315 128,090 147,220 5 0 0
Hakka 6,985 3,140 3,840 0 0 0
Mandarin 283,735 132,275 151,460 0 0 0
Min Dong 855 405 450 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,545 6,240 7,300 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,300 2,825 3,470 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 15,645 7,235 8,410 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 9,185 4,520 4,660 0 0 0
Burmese 1,640 775 865 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,730 865 860 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,115 2,530 2,585 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 700 345 350 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 8,485 3,535 4,945 5 0 0
Lao 5,190 2,480 2,710 0 0 0
Thai 3,270 1,045 2,220 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,615 11,745 10,870 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,070 920 0 0 0
Turkish 18,415 9,610 8,810 0 0 0
Uyghur 515 255 260 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,055 515 545 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 640 295 345 0 0 0
Uralic languages 50,670 23,095 27,570 0 0 0
Estonian 4,205 1,810 2,400 0 0 0
Finnish 9,720 4,140 5,580 0 0 0
Hungarian 36,740 17,150 19,590 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,475 780 690 0 0 0
Multiple responses 365,910 176,250 189,660 250 130 125
English and French 54,045 25,165 28,880 15 10 10
English and non-official language 288,285 140,345 147,940 230 115 115
French and non-official language 12,565 5,735 6,830 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language 11,010 5,000 6,005 0 5 0
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 16,375 8,280 8,090
Single responses 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085 16,095 8,140 7,955
Official languages 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300 14,695 7,375 7,315
English 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800 14,685 7,370 7,315
French 277,045 129,540 147,500 10 5 0
Non-official languages 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780 1,405 765 640
Aboriginal languages 9,210 4,600 4,610 1,275 700 580
Algonquian languages 8,685 4,370 4,320 1,270 695 570
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,370 1,205 1,165 165 85 80
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 10 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 105 50 55 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 2,220 1,135 1,085 160 85 75
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 6,305 3,155 3,145 1,105 610 495
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 3,315 1,695 1,620 1,100 610 490
Oji-Cree 2,905 1,420 1,490 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 160 60 90 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 140 60 80 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 210 90 120 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 185 80 100 0 0 0
Oneida 20 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Dakota 5 5 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 120 55 65 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170 130 65 60
Afro-Asiatic languages 138,460 66,865 71,590 0 0 0
Berber languages 345 175 170 0 0 0
Kabyle 255 125 130 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 14,460 6,100 8,360 0 0 0
Bilen 170 80 85 0 0 0
Oromo 805 380 425 0 0 0
Somali 13,370 5,590 7,780 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 0 0 0
Semitic languages 123,410 60,475 62,940 0 0 0
Amharic 5,625 2,540 3,085 0 0 0
Arabic 94,195 46,505 47,695 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,515 4,595 4,920 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,915 1,410 1,500 0 0 0
Harari 555 250 305 0 0 0
Hebrew 4,850 2,505 2,345 0 0 0
Maltese 1,090 505 580 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,920 1,805 2,115 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 755 360 395 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 115 125 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 50,245 23,105 27,140 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,770 1,650 2,120 0 0 0
Vietnamese 46,435 21,435 25,000 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 85,370 36,525 48,845 5 0 0
Bikol 90 35 55 0 0 0
Cebuano 2,325 1,020 1,315 0 0 0
Fijian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 910 385 530 0 0 0
Ilocano 4,100 1,780 2,320 0 0 0
Malagasy 35 15 20 0 0 0
Malay 1,810 860 945 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 200 250 0 0 0
Pangasinan 90 40 50 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75,070 31,965 43,105 0 0 0
Waray-Waray 90 35 55 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 175 200 0 0 0
Creole languages 5,325 2,355 2,970 5 0 0
Haitian Creole 355 165 190 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,995 1,735 2,255 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 975 455 520 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 96,250 46,575 49,680 0 0 0
Kannada 1,060 540 520 0 0 0
Malayalam 8,760 4,460 4,295 0 0 0
Tamil 80,600 38,460 42,140 0 0 0
Telugu 5,705 3,050 2,655 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 200 95 105 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 978,300 469,640 508,670 125 60 65
Albanian 9,190 4,580 4,605 0 0 0
Armenian 8,630 4,065 4,560 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 192,945 90,585 102,365 5 5 5
Baltic languages 2,305 950 1,355 0 0 0
Latvian 860 350 515 0 0 0
Lithuanian 1,440 600 840 0 0 0
Slavic languages 190,645 89,635 101,005 5 0 0
Belarusan 175 80 90 0 0 0
Bosnian 3,220 1,595 1,620 0 0 0
Bulgarian 4,830 2,350 2,480 0 0 0
Croatian 11,125 5,275 5,855 0 0 0
Czech 3,070 1,480 1,595 0 0 0
Macedonian 6,255 2,965 3,285 0 0 0
Polish 52,555 24,510 28,045 0 5 0
Russian 63,570 29,655 33,920 0 0 0
Serbian 23,175 11,335 11,840 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,925 920 1,010 0 0 0
Slovak 3,520 1,680 1,845 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,465 645 815 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15,415 6,995 8,420 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 355 160 190 0 0 0
Celtic languages 120 65 55 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 0 0 0
Welsh 30 10 15 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Germanic languages 44,515 21,630 22,880 120 60 60
Afrikaans 755 365 390 0 0 0
Danish 280 135 150 0 0 0
Dutch 4,450 2,145 2,305 0 0 0
Frisian 90 45 45 0 0 0
German 37,255 18,140 19,120 120 60 60
Icelandic 45 20 30 0 0 0
Norwegian 70 30 40 0 0 0
Swedish 385 190 190 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 145 60 85 0 0 0
Yiddish 370 190 185 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 655 315 340 0 0 0
Greek 21,700 10,160 11,535 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 435,835 215,755 220,080 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages 344,050 171,125 172,920 0 0 0
Bengali 29,590 14,595 14,995 0 0 0
Gujarati 45,445 22,410 23,035 0 0 0
Hindi 28,960 14,485 14,475 0 0 0
Kashmiri 65 30 35 0 0 0
Konkani 540 260 280 0 0 0
Marathi 2,420 1,230 1,190 0 0 0
Nepali 5,640 2,815 2,820 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 325 160 165 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,135 66,410 65,725 0 0 0
Sindhi 2,880 1,320 1,560 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,595 2,250 2,345 0 0 0
Urdu 91,450 45,160 46,295 0 0 0
Iranian languages 90,730 44,090 46,640 0 0 0
Kurdish 3,675 1,900 1,770 0 0 0
Pashto 6,750 3,360 3,395 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 80,305 38,830 41,475 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,050 540 515 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 265,375 122,790 142,585 0 0 0
Catalan 135 60 75 0 0 0
Italian 72,960 31,195 41,770 0 0 0
Portuguese 67,415 32,065 35,355 0 0 0
Romanian 19,920 9,380 10,535 0 0 0
Spanish 104,820 50,035 54,785 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 0 0 0
Japanese 6,040 2,590 3,450 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 770 420 355 0 0 0
Georgian 775 420 355 0 0 0
Korean 48,540 22,685 25,855 0 0 0
Mongolic languages 225 115 110 0 0 0
Mongolian 230 120 110 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 12,120 5,400 6,725 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 4,415 1,915 2,495 0 0 0
Bamanankan 25 15 15 0 0 0
Edo 305 120 180 0 0 0
Ewe 135 60 80 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 0 0 0
Ga 175 80 100 0 0 0
Ganda 195 85 110 0 0 0
Igbo 540 265 275 0 0 0
Lingala 225 100 130 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 475 230 240 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 420 160 260 0 0 0
Shona 455 210 245 0 0 0
Swahili 2,085 925 1,160 0 0 0
Wolof 130 65 65 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,300 625 675 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,120 500 625 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 550 260 290 0 0 0
Dinka 120 60 65 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 195 225 0 0 0
Sign languages 4,425 2,485 1,940 0 0 0
American Sign Language 1,605 830 770 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 2,795 1,640 1,150 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 448,200 210,560 237,640 0 0 0
Chinese languages 441,615 207,305 234,310 0 0 0
Cantonese 198,745 91,545 107,200 0 0 0
Hakka 2,870 1,305 1,575 0 0 0
Mandarin 220,535 105,360 115,175 0 0 0
Min Dong 265 115 145 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,775 2,635 3,140 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,690 1,735 1,955 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,630 4,565 5,070 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,580 3,250 3,330 0 0 0
Burmese 1,010 480 530 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,360 685 675 0 0 0
Tibetan 3,875 1,925 1,945 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 165 170 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,865 1,845 2,020 0 0 0
Lao 2,535 1,220 1,315 0 0 0
Thai 1,315 615 695 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 12,435 6,200 6,230 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 770 385 380 0 0 0
Turkish 10,545 5,245 5,300 0 0 0
Uyghur 290 150 140 0 0 0
Uzbek 585 290 295 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15,330 6,990 8,340 0 0 0
Estonian 790 290 500 0 0 0
Finnish 1,835 780 1,050 0 0 0
Hungarian 12,700 5,915 6,790 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 465 245 225 0 0 0
Multiple responses 790,825 379,925 410,905 275 140 135
English and French 45,655 20,895 24,755 5 5 0
English and non-official language 719,595 347,730 371,865 270 135 130
French and non-official language 6,725 2,930 3,795 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 18,855 8,365 10,490 0 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 16,370 8,285 8,090
None 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000 13,720 6,910 6,810
English 896,170 437,015 459,155 825 455 375
French 243,970 108,390 135,580 20 15 5
Non-official language 1,056,960 501,315 555,645 1,790 900 890
Aboriginal 14,315 6,580 7,735 1,745 880 870
Non-Aboriginal 1,042,645 494,735 547,910 40 25 20
English and French 8,150 3,755 4,395 0 0 0
English and non-official language 19,105 9,370 9,735 0 0 5
French and non-official language 16,435 7,165 9,270 10 5 10
English, French and non-official language 415 205 215 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 11,155 5,620 5,540
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475 10,210 5,110 5,100
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,539 39,889 28,676 15,702 13,461 17,319
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975 10,210 5,110 5,100
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,641 35,753 26,585 15,613 13,360 17,258
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675 6,580 3,450 3,130
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,871 39,831 27,012 13,698 12,998 14,490
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770 9,350 4,635 4,715
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,206 2,034 5,463 4,734 1,292 7,688
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 6,050 3,215 2,840
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,946 39,490 29,413 14,016 12,896 15,944
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 11,160 5,625 5,530
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580 10,195 5,105 5,085
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,915 56,780 39,585 21,367 19,091 23,651
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210 10,195 5,105 5,085
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,318 45,443 33,564 20,422 17,983 22,870
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415 6,555 3,415 3,140
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,890 57,511 38,459 22,284 20,911 23,777
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475 9,315 4,620 4,695
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,346 6,763 7,815 7,700 5,646 9,722
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985 6,050 3,190 2,865
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,369 55,263 39,057 22,299 20,434 24,373
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 11,155 5,625 5,530
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900 1,930 945 985
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,121 60,345 49,713 34,358 32,240 36,201
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,628 76,536 58,676 40,567 36,559 44,404
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.1 84.7 67.2 74.0 61.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.9 76.0 68.7 61.2 66.6 56.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.9 15.3 32.8 26.0 38.6
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 11,155 5,620 5,535
Without total income 481,500 227,390 254,115 945 505 440
With total income 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475 10,210 5,115 5,100
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 91.5 91.0 92.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,615,790 711,105 904,685 3,980 2,285 1,695
$10,000 to $19,999 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645 2,190 975 1,210
$20,000 to $29,999 1,410,760 589,975 820,785 1,405 650 755
$30,000 to $39,999 1,147,510 519,550 627,955 970 410 565
$40,000 to $49,999 1,021,880 489,595 532,285 610 275 335
$50,000 to $59,999 809,115 415,950 393,165 360 190 170
$60,000 to $69,999 630,635 348,525 282,110 215 95 115
$70,000 to $79,999 479,890 277,725 202,165 175 80 95
$80,000 to $89,999 378,185 222,095 156,095 130 60 70
$90,000 to $99,999 324,810 181,815 142,995 70 35 35
$100,000 and over 909,005 616,420 292,585 105 60 50
$100,000 to $149,999 600,995 394,410 206,590 95 50 45
$150,000 and over 308,010 222,010 86,000 15 10 5
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 11,155 5,615 5,535
Without after-tax income 478,635 227,025 251,610 945 505 440
With after-tax income 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980 10,210 5,115 5,100
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.8 95.6 91.5 91.1 92.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,659,280 722,040 937,235 3,990 2,285 1,705
$10,000 to $19,999 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540 2,225 1,000 1,230
$20,000 to $29,999 1,623,230 690,290 932,940 1,450 680 770
$30,000 to $39,999 1,377,100 642,645 734,450 975 410 570
$40,000 to $49,999 1,166,040 585,490 580,555 655 320 340
$50,000 to $59,999 845,305 464,610 380,700 320 170 150
$60,000 to $69,999 604,005 354,015 249,985 250 110 140
$70,000 to $79,999 465,485 268,140 197,345 150 70 80
$80,000 and over 912,490 611,260 301,230 195 75 115
$80,000 to $89,999 299,315 183,410 115,905 80 30 50
$90,000 to $99,999 174,110 116,330 57,785 45 15 25
$100,000 and over 439,070 311,525 127,540 75 30 40
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 11,160 5,620 5,540
Without employment income 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245 5,105 2,405 2,700
With employment income 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 6,050 3,210 2,840
Percentage with employment income 70.6 74.8 66.6 54.2 57.1 51.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,094,860 546,920 547,940 1,845 995 850
$5,000 to $9,999 635,305 281,135 354,165 745 435 310
$10,000 to $19,999 1,027,910 464,445 563,465 925 515 410
$20,000 to $29,999 827,805 372,185 455,625 870 440 435
$30,000 to $39,999 767,840 351,925 415,910 590 275 310
$40,000 to $49,999 709,775 341,320 368,450 340 190 150
$50,000 to $59,999 588,220 310,155 278,065 235 130 105
$60,000 to $69,999 465,670 263,430 202,240 170 75 95
$70,000 to $79,999 369,085 218,570 150,515 140 65 75
$80,000 and over 1,304,210 848,245 455,970 195 100 100
$80,000 to $89,999 307,660 182,660 125,005 85 40 45
$90,000 to $99,999 280,530 156,440 124,090 50 25 30
$100,000 and over 716,015 509,140 206,875 60 35 25
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,221  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,362  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,291  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,448  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,212  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,008  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,753  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,769  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,457  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,789  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,277  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,088  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,024  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,324  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,766  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,621  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,818,815 867,175 951,640 1,255 755 500
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,097 33,925 30,753 17,091 16,160 17,267
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,417 30,678 28,442 17,058 15,952 17,261
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,814,575 864,020 950,555 1,250 750 495
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,298 46,765 42,057 21,870 18,826 26,484
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,874 38,228 35,644 19,992 17,455 23,838
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955 16,225 8,215 8,015
In the bottom half of the distribution 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895 13,955 7,045 6,920
In the bottom decile 1,346,645 651,310 695,335 7,355 3,735 3,620
In the second decile 1,280,675 581,380 699,290 2,780 1,415 1,365
In the third decile 1,237,415 583,840 653,575 1,715 845 875
In the fourth decile 1,223,510 589,740 633,770 1,175 590 580
In the fifth decile 1,246,925 610,000 636,930 925 455 470
In the top half of the distribution 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060 2,270 1,170 1,100
In the sixth decile 1,279,095 629,635 649,465 745 360 385
In the seventh decile 1,321,220 655,840 665,375 530 290 240
In the eighth decile 1,382,795 691,630 691,165 465 245 220
In the ninth decile 1,464,415 736,030 728,385 355 190 160
In the top decile 1,459,465 742,795 716,670 180 85 90
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130 2,660 1,335 1,325
0 to 17 years 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630 725 375 345
0 to 5 years 835,000 428,025 406,975 250 120 130
18 to 64 years 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345 1,485 715 765
65 years and over 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155 455 245 210
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445 1,055 520 535
0 to 17 years 489,905 251,830 238,080 410 215 190
0 to 5 years 165,140 84,825 80,310 175 90 85
18 to 64 years 1,155,315 538,535 616,780 520 235 290
65 years and over 253,755 96,170 157,585 130 75 55
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 39.7 39.0 40.4
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.5 18.4 56.6 57.3 55.1
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.8 19.7 70.0 75.0 65.4
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.1 14.3 35.0 32.9 37.9
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.9 13.8 28.6 30.6 26.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,298,590 627,935 670,650 330 165 165
0 to 17 years 304,390 156,575 147,815 100 55 45
0 to 5 years 102,750 52,810 49,935 45 25 20
18 to 64 years 887,640 430,545 457,095 220 105 115
65 years and over 106,555 40,815 65,740 5 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.7 9.9 12.4 12.4 12.5
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.5 11.4 13.8 14.7 13.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.3 18.0 20.8 15.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 14.8 14.7 15.0
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.2 5.8 1.1 0.0 0.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925 16,225 8,210 8,015
Official languages 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145 16,185 8,190 7,995
English 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825 16,180 8,185 7,990
French 1,521,020 677,505 843,510 110 60 50
Non-official languages 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760 3,820 2,000 1,820
Aboriginal languages 33,855 15,815 18,035 3,705 1,930 1,780
Algonquian languages 30,630 14,505 16,125 3,695 1,920 1,770
Blackfoot 15 15 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 6,560 3,160 3,395 685 355 335
Atikamekw 10 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 145 70 75 0 0 0
Naskapi 25 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 65 25 45 0 0 0
Plains Cree 105 50 50 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 605 255 350 15 10 10
Woods Cree 45 25 25 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,620 2,760 2,865 670 345 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 95 85 0 0 0
Malecite 20 20 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 160 75 85 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 23,980 11,285 12,690 3,100 1,615 1,485
Algonquin 205 95 105 0 0 0
Ojibway 16,220 7,600 8,630 3,075 1,595 1,470
Oji-Cree 7,515 3,585 3,935 30 15 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 200 105 100 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 25 65 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 0 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 10 0 0 0
Dene 45 20 30 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 840 320 525 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 730 285 445 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 105 35 70 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 1,940 810 1,125 0 0 0
Cayuga 120 35 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 1,625 710 915 0 0 0
Oneida 180 55 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 180 65 110 0 0 10
Salish languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 40 10 30 10 0 0
Dakota 20 10 10 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 10 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 210 100 110 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865 125 75 45
Afro-Asiatic languages 362,645 183,050 179,595 10 10 0
Berber languages 925 505 415 0 0 0
Kabyle 530 280 255 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 390 225 165 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 34,160 15,155 19,000 0 0 0
Bilen 355 200 160 0 0 0
Oromo 2,075 905 1,175 0 0 0
Somali 31,535 13,925 17,610 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 370 170 205 0 0 0
Semitic languages 330,315 168,750 161,570 0 0 0
Amharic 16,010 7,565 8,445 0 0 0
Arabic 246,015 127,015 119,000 0 10 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,825 8,775 9,050 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,185 3,045 3,140 0 0 0
Harari 1,310 660 645 0 0 0
Hebrew 43,255 22,165 21,090 0 0 0
Maltese 7,020 3,455 3,570 0 0 0
Tigrigna 9,385 4,320 5,065 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,985 1,010 975 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,125 535 590 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 99,830 46,210 53,620 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,045 4,490 5,550 0 0 0
Vietnamese 90,265 41,965 48,300 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 10 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 249,435 98,295 151,150 15 0 10
Bikol 755 340 425 0 0 0
Cebuano 9,475 3,650 5,830 0 0 0
Fijian 110 40 65 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 3,110 1,205 1,910 0 0 0
Ilocano 15,235 5,940 9,295 0 0 0
Malagasy 215 115 100 0 0 0
Malay 9,780 4,500 5,280 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,935 855 1,080 0 0 0
Pangasinan 565 245 320 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 232,935 91,110 141,820 10 0 10
Waray-Waray 410 125 285 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,785 755 1,030 0 0 0
Creole languages 30,260 13,525 16,735 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 1,430 605 830 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 19,375 8,480 10,895 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,685 4,525 5,155 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 196,315 97,975 98,335 0 0 0
Kannada 5,775 2,930 2,845 0 0 0
Malayalam 22,880 11,535 11,345 0 0 0
Tamil 157,700 77,975 79,730 0 0 0
Telugu 16,315 8,925 7,390 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 495 250 240 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 545 265 280 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525 90 60 30
Albanian 22,375 11,180 11,195 0 0 0
Armenian 18,435 8,860 9,575 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 473,565 221,450 252,120 45 30 10
Baltic languages 10,545 4,495 6,050 0 0 0
Latvian 4,675 2,070 2,610 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5,875 2,430 3,445 0 0 0
Slavic languages 465,170 217,885 247,285 40 30 10
Belarusan 1,360 680 680 0 0 0
Bosnian 9,915 4,905 5,010 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10,410 5,060 5,350 0 0 0
Croatian 46,580 22,880 23,700 0 0 0
Czech 14,045 6,615 7,430 0 0 0
Macedonian 21,505 10,365 11,140 0 0 0
Polish 142,985 65,415 77,575 0 0 0
Russian 138,735 64,355 74,380 0 0 0
Serbian 53,250 26,725 26,525 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5,815 2,845 2,965 0 0 0
Slovak 12,035 5,550 6,490 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,935 3,550 4,390 0 0 0
Ukrainian 54,615 24,125 30,490 40 30 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,750 935 815 0 0 0
Celtic languages 3,800 1,880 1,920 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 1,480 720 765 0 0 0
Welsh 685 300 390 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,650 870 785 0 0 0
Germanic languages 274,305 130,610 143,700 35 20 15
Afrikaans 7,360 3,625 3,735 0 0 0
Danish 5,440 2,455 2,980 10 0 0
Dutch 63,410 29,875 33,535 0 0 0
Frisian 1,655 820 835 0 0 0
German 189,035 90,730 98,305 30 20 15
Icelandic 285 130 155 10 0 0
Norwegian 2,140 975 1,165 0 0 0
Swedish 5,125 2,345 2,785 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,275 1,050 1,225 0 0 0
Yiddish 7,175 3,535 3,640 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 3,290 1,645 1,645 0 0 0
Greek 80,690 40,105 40,590 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 915,765 463,175 452,585 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages 759,390 384,940 374,450 0 0 0
Bengali 59,685 30,420 29,265 0 0 0
Gujarati 103,890 52,380 51,510 0 0 0
Hindi 250,095 127,765 122,335 0 0 0
Kashmiri 600 300 300 0 0 0
Konkani 5,490 2,515 2,975 0 0 0
Marathi 10,360 5,380 4,980 0 0 0
Nepali 10,245 5,115 5,135 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 1,090 515 570 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 282,065 145,050 137,015 0 0 0
Sindhi 11,515 5,385 6,130 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,555 9,230 9,330 0 0 0
Urdu 231,500 117,305 114,190 0 0 0
Iranian languages 163,490 81,710 81,785 0 0 0
Kurdish 8,795 4,755 4,040 0 0 0
Pashto 15,315 8,145 7,170 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 145,465 72,275 73,190 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,665 2,495 2,175 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 880,330 418,225 462,105 15 0 0
Catalan 515 275 240 0 0 0
Italian 333,645 161,190 172,455 0 0 0
Portuguese 193,520 93,885 99,635 0 0 0
Romanian 49,635 23,205 26,430 0 0 0
Spanish 337,615 156,040 181,580 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,355 745 605 0 0 0
Japanese 25,675 11,535 14,140 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 1,555 775 780 0 0 0
Georgian 1,555 770 785 0 0 0
Korean 79,175 36,930 42,245 0 0 0
Mongolic languages 515 225 285 0 0 0
Mongolian 515 225 285 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 70,570 33,620 36,945 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 15,950 7,520 8,435 0 0 0
Bamanankan 385 195 185 0 0 0
Edo 2,130 930 1,195 0 0 0
Ewe 880 435 445 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 700 320 375 0 0 0
Ga 1,340 645 695 0 0 0
Ganda 1,225 550 675 0 0 0
Igbo 4,025 2,105 1,920 0 0 0
Lingala 4,885 2,165 2,720 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,555 1,080 1,475 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,220 885 1,330 0 0 0
Shona 2,350 1,055 1,300 0 0 0
Swahili 16,750 8,110 8,640 0 0 0
Wolof 730 355 375 0 0 0
Yoruba 10,495 5,345 5,150 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 11,210 5,255 5,950 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,025 1,020 1,010 0 0 0
Dinka 415 220 200 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,615 805 810 0 0 0
Sign languages 18,865 7,645 11,220 0 0 0
American Sign Language 10,220 3,695 6,525 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 235 60 180 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 8,690 4,005 4,680 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 689,145 324,575 364,565 0 0 0
Chinese languages 679,170 319,635 359,530 0 0 0
Cantonese 341,875 159,280 182,600 0 0 0
Hakka 7,865 3,445 4,420 0 0 0
Mandarin 385,395 179,890 205,510 0 0 0
Min Dong 810 330 480 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 16,980 7,650 9,330 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,305 3,860 4,440 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,455 7,710 8,745 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,460 5,200 5,260 0 0 0
Burmese 2,215 1,055 1,165 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,820 905 920 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,695 2,845 2,850 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,245 645 605 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 11,120 4,945 6,180 0 0 0
Lao 6,740 3,215 3,520 0 0 0
Thai 5,195 2,065 3,135 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages 33,335 17,310 16,025 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,710 1,550 0 0 0
Turkish 27,850 14,510 13,340 0 0 0
Uyghur 700 350 345 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,405 700 705 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 915 450 465 0 0 0
Uralic languages 58,370 27,060 31,310 0 10 0
Estonian 4,785 2,155 2,625 0 0 0
Finnish 11,145 4,865 6,280 0 0 0
Hungarian 42,545 20,070 22,480 10 10 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,950 1,725 10 0 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 0 0 0
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705 0 0 0
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255 0 0 0
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445 0 0 0
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,019,095 484,880 534,215 0 0 0
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 0 0 0
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545 0 0 0
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 0 0 0
Before 1981 1,077,745 507,500 570,240 0 0 0
1981 to 1990 513,995 246,235 267,755 0 0 0
1991 to 2000 834,510 390,315 444,195 0 0 0
2001 to 2010 953,730 446,895 506,835 0 0 0
2001 to 2005 490,560 230,950 259,610 0 0 0
2006 to 2010 463,170 215,945 247,225 0 0 0
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 472,170 223,715 248,450 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 201,200 102,305 98,895 0 0 0
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485 0 0 0
Under 5 years 369,955 184,255 185,705 0 0 0
5 to 14 years 685,085 345,865 339,225 0 0 0
15 to 24 years 855,475 381,025 474,450 0 0 0
25 to 44 years 1,579,500 741,340 838,160 0 0 0
45 years and over 362,130 162,180 199,945 0 0 0
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 0 0 0
Americas 598,950 265,930 333,025 0 0 0
Brazil 14,705 6,700 8,010 0 0 0
Colombia 28,815 13,085 15,730 0 0 0
El Salvador 20,920 10,165 10,750 0 0 0
Guyana 79,745 35,325 44,420 0 0 0
Haiti 10,195 4,410 5,785 0 0 0
Jamaica 119,840 51,320 68,525 0 0 0
Mexico 30,075 13,895 16,185 0 0 0
Peru 10,550 4,660 5,895 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 52,810 23,515 29,300 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 109,005 47,170 61,830 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 122,280 55,685 66,600 0 0 0
Europe 1,144,295 546,250 598,050 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,300 10,655 10,645 0 0 0
Croatia 27,330 13,495 13,835 0 0 0
France 13,385 6,310 7,070 0 0 0
Germany 63,460 29,685 33,775 0 0 0
Greece 36,575 18,225 18,350 0 0 0
Hungary 22,085 10,495 11,590 0 0 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15,275 7,415 7,860 0 0 0
Italy 157,815 78,510 79,305 0 0 0
Netherlands 47,400 23,910 23,490 0 0 0
Poland 96,000 43,155 52,845 0 0 0
Portugal 103,025 50,240 52,785 0 0 0
Romania 42,720 19,720 23,000 0 0 0
Russian Federation 42,980 18,540 24,440 0 0 0
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 23,695 11,610 12,085 0 0 0
Ukraine 39,945 18,150 21,795 0 0 0
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 264,125 125,730 138,390 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 127,190 60,395 66,790 0 0 0
Africa 226,770 109,585 117,185 0 0 0
Algeria 2,925 1,480 1,450 0 0 0
Egypt 34,510 18,000 16,510 0 0 0
Ethiopia 15,570 7,230 8,340 0 0 0
Kenya 14,940 6,910 8,025 0 0 0
Morocco 5,485 2,690 2,795 0 0 0
Nigeria 20,630 10,285 10,345 0 0 0
Somalia 16,970 6,845 10,125 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 19,390 9,545 9,840 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 96,355 46,610 49,745 0 0 0
Asia 1,869,805