Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ontario [Province] and Brandon--Souris [Federal electoral district], Manitoba

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

[Province]
Brandon--Souris
Manitoba
[Federal electoral district]
Data quality , Ontario [Province]  Map : Ontario [Province] Data quality : Brandon--Souris [Federal electoral district], Manitoba  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,814  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,667  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,779  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,842.36  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105 88,170 43,270 44,895
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350 16,885 8,700 8,185
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055 5,875 3,075 2,800
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765 5,745 2,930 2,815
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530 5,265 2,695 2,570
15 to 64 years 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750 55,860 27,740 28,120
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,945 5,150 2,605 2,545
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570 5,790 2,890 2,900
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010 6,215 3,110 3,105
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965 6,060 3,045 3,015
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585 5,725 2,850 2,870
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415 5,375 2,700 2,680
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275 4,785 2,395 2,390
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175 5,565 2,655 2,910
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180 5,920 2,885 3,040
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640 5,280 2,600 2,680
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000 15,420 6,835 8,585
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270 4,745 2,290 2,455
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185 3,365 1,560 1,805
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195 2,605 1,190 1,410
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360 2,010 850 1,165
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985 2,695 945 1,750
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425 1,575 625 950
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990 825 250 575
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060 265 70 200
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520 35 0 30
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 19.2 20.1 18.2
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.3 66.4 63.4 64.1 62.6
65 years and over 16.7 15.5 17.9 17.5 15.8 19.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 3.1 2.2 3.9
Average age of the population 41.0 40.0 41.9 39.9 38.7 41.0
Median age of the population 41.3 40.2 42.4 38.4 37.2 39.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750 71,280 34,570 36,710
Married or living common law 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795 43,210 21,660 21,545
Married 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655 36,405 18,250 18,155
Living common law 906,155 455,015 451,145 6,800 3,410 3,390
Not married and not living common law 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955 28,080 12,915 15,165
Never married 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605 17,870 9,715 8,155
Separated 328,675 138,140 190,535 1,580 725 860
Divorced 653,835 252,900 400,935 3,865 1,570 2,290
Widowed 637,150 128,265 508,880 4,760 900 3,860
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300 15,475 7,520 7,955
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 86,735 42,745 43,995
English only 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665 81,275 40,200 41,080
French only 40,040 17,340 22,705 40 25 15
English and French 1,490,390 665,850 824,540 4,050 1,865 2,190
Neither English nor French 326,935 130,850 196,085 1,365 660 705
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995 86,735 42,745 43,990
English 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355 84,010 41,405 42,605
French 504,130 236,875 267,250 1,265 640 620
English and French 92,940 42,910 50,030 150 75 75
Neither English nor French 321,480 128,125 193,355 1,315 630 690
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 550,600 258,330 292,270 1,335 680 660
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.1 4.0 4.3 1.5 1.6 1.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990 86,735 42,745 43,990
Single responses 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330 85,805 42,270 43,535
Official languages 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520 73,460 36,120 37,350
English 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110 72,060 35,420 36,640
French 490,715 231,310 259,410 1,400 695 705
Non-official languages 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810 12,345 6,155 6,185
Aboriginal languages 22,765 10,815 11,950 375 150 220
Algonquian languages 21,235 10,175 11,060 195 75 120
Blackfoot 10 5 5 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,080 2,485 2,595 100 40 60
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 85 40 45 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 55 25 30 5 0 5
Plains Cree 35 5 30 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 355 135 225 30 10 20
Woods Cree 15 10 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 4,500 2,255 2,245 65 25 45
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 40 50 0 0 0
Malecite 10 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 85 35 50 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 16,025 7,620 8,400 95 40 55
Algonquin 65 30 35 0 0 0
Ojibway 9,505 4,515 4,985 85 35 55
Oji-Cree 6,310 3,015 3,300 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 65 80 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 60 20 40 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dene 20 10 10 5 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 475 165 305 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 425 145 280 5 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 710 300 410 0 0 0
Cayuga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 590 255 335 0 0 0
Oneida 55 15 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 15 10 5 5
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 165 75 95
Dakota 5 5 5 165 75 90
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 130 105 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865 11,970 6,000 5,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 253,830 127,720 126,110 410 235 180
Berber languages 725 405 320 0 0 0
Kabyle 425 225 200 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 180 120 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 24,605 10,730 13,870 35 20 10
Bilen 250 140 110 20 10 10
Oromo 1,445 720 730 5 5 0
Somali 22,680 9,755 12,925 5 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225 115 110 0 0 0
Semitic languages 227,985 116,320 111,665 375 210 165
Amharic 10,720 4,960 5,760 220 120 100
Arabic 171,370 88,400 82,965 100 60 40
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 14,555 7,135 7,420 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 4,795 2,365 2,425 0 0 0
Harari 1,030 485 545 0 0 0
Hebrew 11,575 6,220 5,350 0 0 0
Maltese 5,175 2,575 2,600 0 0 0
Tigrigna 7,345 3,470 3,870 45 30 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,435 705 730 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 520 265 250 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 78,125 35,880 42,240 55 25 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,355 3,330 4,020 0 0 0
Vietnamese 70,690 32,520 38,165 55 25 30
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 30 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 194,380 76,060 118,315 755 350 410
Bikol 595 260 330 0 0 0
Cebuano 6,545 2,500 4,045 55 20 30
Fijian 80 45 40 5 0 5
Hiligaynon 2,750 1,030 1,725 10 5 5
Ilocano 11,285 4,430 6,860 10 5 5
Malagasy 100 45 55 0 0 0
Malay 5,760 2,520 3,240 10 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,505 670 840 15 5 10
Pangasinan 535 215 315 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 163,415 63,665 99,755 640 300 340
Waray-Waray 405 140 270 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,400 550 850 5 5 0
Creole languages 11,255 5,095 6,165 100 50 55
Haitian Creole 630 290 340 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,025 3,580 4,440 80 40 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,605 1,225 1,380 20 15 5
Dravidian languages 148,605 73,530 75,075 85 50 40
Kannada 2,670 1,365 1,305 0 0 0
Malayalam 17,140 8,795 8,350 55 30 25
Tamil 117,630 57,310 60,320 15 10 10
Telugu 10,820 5,895 4,925 10 10 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 525 250 270 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165 8,495 4,285 4,215
Albanian 19,045 9,535 9,510 0 0 0
Armenian 15,070 7,305 7,765 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 410,725 188,695 222,025 1,200 565 635
Baltic languages 9,080 3,785 5,295 10 5 0
Latvian 3,910 1,650 2,260 5 5 5
Lithuanian 5,175 2,135 3,035 0 0 0
Slavic languages 401,645 184,915 216,730 1,195 560 630
Belarusan 515 230 280 0 0 0
Bosnian 6,370 3,125 3,245 5 0 5
Bulgarian 9,095 4,355 4,740 5 0 0
Croatian 31,875 15,460 16,410 20 5 10
Czech 10,670 4,930 5,740 20 10 10
Macedonian 15,635 7,470 8,165 0 0 0
Polish 121,075 54,675 66,405 115 45 70
Russian 101,100 45,630 55,470 285 140 145
Serbian 41,740 20,585 21,150 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,875 2,310 2,570 0 0 0
Slovak 10,280 4,710 5,565 5 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 6,740 2,995 3,745 5 0 0
Ukrainian 40,375 17,760 22,610 730 355 380
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,310 670 635 0 0 0
Celtic languages 1,110 505 605 15 0 10
Scottish Gaelic 450 210 240 5 0 0
Welsh 435 180 260 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 110 0 0 0
Germanic languages 200,640 94,475 106,165 3,835 1,915 1,925
Afrikaans 2,295 1,125 1,170 130 65 60
Danish 4,265 2,010 2,250 15 10 5
Dutch 51,720 24,875 26,840 145 75 75
Frisian 1,240 630 620 5 0 0
German 131,525 61,520 70,005 3,420 1,715 1,705
Icelandic 210 100 110 15 5 10
Norwegian 940 405 540 5 5 5
Swedish 2,395 1,040 1,350 5 5 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,150 925 1,225 100 40 60
Yiddish 3,735 1,765 1,970 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85 0 0 0
Greek 55,415 27,305 28,110 30 20 10
Indo-Iranian languages 707,845 357,350 350,495 1,075 595 475
Indo-Aryan languages 565,600 285,720 279,875 1,035 580 455
Bengali 46,810 23,615 23,195 25 20 10
Gujarati 76,675 38,740 37,940 595 335 265
Hindi 58,735 29,805 28,930 65 40 25
Kashmiri 345 170 175 0 0 0
Konkani 2,510 1,195 1,315 0 0 0
Marathi 5,490 2,805 2,685 5 5 0
Nepali 7,870 3,915 3,960 0 5 0
Oriya (Odia) 715 380 335 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 197,060 100,160 96,895 215 115 100
Sindhi 6,840 3,225 3,615 5 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10,165 4,925 5,235 20 15 5
Urdu 152,385 76,795 75,595 110 55 55
Iranian languages 139,675 70,270 69,405 35 15 20
Kurdish 6,665 3,615 3,050 5 0 5
Pashto 10,950 5,630 5,315 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 122,070 61,025 61,040 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,565 1,350 1,215 5 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 614,525 295,030 319,490 2,340 1,180 1,160
Catalan 285 150 135 0 0 0
Italian 231,040 112,440 118,600 50 30 20
Portuguese 150,000 72,280 77,715 40 20 25
Romanian 41,755 19,565 22,190 15 5 5
Spanish 191,025 90,390 100,630 2,235 1,130 1,105
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 420 200 215 5 0 0
Japanese 13,260 4,590 8,670 15 0 10
Kartvelian languages 1,200 635 565 0 0 0
Georgian 1,200 635 565 0 0 0
Korean 69,775 32,035 37,740 200 95 105
Mongolic languages 405 180 220 5 0 5
Mongolian 405 180 225 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 35,760 16,705 19,050 145 70 70
Akan (Twi) 9,695 4,510 5,190 5 5 0
Bamanankan 140 60 80 0 0 0
Edo 1,140 475 670 5 0 0
Ewe 560 270 295 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 365 180 185 0 0 0
Ga 600 275 325 0 0 0
Ganda 760 360 400 0 0 0
Igbo 2,090 1,080 1,010 5 5 0
Lingala 850 365 485 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,430 640 785 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,330 545 785 5 0 5
Shona 1,455 660 790 0 0 0
Swahili 5,525 2,540 2,985 10 5 0
Wolof 290 145 150 0 0 0
Yoruba 4,365 2,260 2,105 100 45 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,155 2,345 2,810 10 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,610 810 800 0 5 0
Dinka 345 170 175 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,260 635 625 0 0 0
Sign languages 3,030 1,570 1,455 15 10 10
American Sign Language 1,305 640 670 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,700 925 780 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 611,795 284,865 326,935 1,610 810 800
Chinese languages 602,610 280,340 322,270 1,610 810 800
Cantonese 275,315 128,090 147,220 365 180 185
Hakka 6,985 3,140 3,840 0 0 0
Mandarin 283,735 132,275 151,460 1,150 580 570
Min Dong 855 405 450 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,545 6,240 7,300 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,300 2,825 3,470 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 15,645 7,235 8,410 80 40 40
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 9,185 4,520 4,660 0 0 0
Burmese 1,640 775 865 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,730 865 860 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,115 2,530 2,585 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 700 345 350 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 8,485 3,535 4,945 20 5 10
Lao 5,190 2,480 2,710 5 5 0
Thai 3,270 1,045 2,220 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,615 11,745 10,870 15 10 5
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,070 920 5 0 0
Turkish 18,415 9,610 8,810 10 5 5
Uyghur 515 255 260 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,055 515 545 5 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 640 295 345 0 0 0
Uralic languages 50,670 23,095 27,570 40 15 25
Estonian 4,205 1,810 2,400 0 0 0
Finnish 9,720 4,140 5,580 15 5 10
Hungarian 36,740 17,150 19,590 25 15 10
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,475 780 690 5 0 5
Multiple responses 365,910 176,250 189,660 930 475 455
English and French 54,045 25,165 28,880 150 85 70
English and non-official language 288,285 140,345 147,940 705 345 360
French and non-official language 12,565 5,735 6,830 35 20 15
English, French and non-official language 11,010 5,000 6,005 40 20 15
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 86,735 42,745 43,995
Single responses 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085 84,890 41,850 43,040
Official languages 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300 77,115 37,910 39,200
English 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800 76,705 37,685 39,020
French 277,045 129,540 147,500 410 230 185
Non-official languages 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780 7,775 3,940 3,840
Aboriginal languages 9,210 4,600 4,610 45 25 20
Algonquian languages 8,685 4,370 4,320 30 15 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,370 1,205 1,165 20 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 10 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 105 50 55 5 0 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 2,220 1,135 1,085 5 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 6,305 3,155 3,145 10 10 5
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 3,315 1,695 1,620 10 5 0
Oji-Cree 2,905 1,420 1,490 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 160 60 90 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 140 60 80 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 210 90 120 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 185 80 100 0 0 0
Oneida 20 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5 15 10 5
Dakota 5 5 0 15 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 120 55 65 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170 7,730 3,915 3,820
Afro-Asiatic languages 138,460 66,865 71,590 300 155 145
Berber languages 345 175 170 0 0 0
Kabyle 255 125 130 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 14,460 6,100 8,360 25 15 10
Bilen 170 80 85 20 10 10
Oromo 805 380 425 5 0 0
Somali 13,370 5,590 7,780 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 0 0 0
Semitic languages 123,410 60,475 62,940 275 140 135
Amharic 5,625 2,540 3,085 165 85 80
Arabic 94,195 46,505 47,695 65 30 35
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,515 4,595 4,920 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,915 1,410 1,500 0 0 0
Harari 555 250 305 0 0 0
Hebrew 4,850 2,505 2,345 0 0 0
Maltese 1,090 505 580 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,920 1,805 2,115 45 25 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 755 360 395 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 115 125 0 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 50,245 23,105 27,140 35 10 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,770 1,650 2,120 0 0 0
Vietnamese 46,435 21,435 25,000 35 10 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 85,370 36,525 48,845 375 190 190
Bikol 90 35 55 0 0 5
Cebuano 2,325 1,020 1,315 30 15 15
Fijian 15 10 10 5 0 0
Hiligaynon 910 385 530 0 0 0
Ilocano 4,100 1,780 2,320 5 5 5
Malagasy 35 15 20 0 0 0
Malay 1,810 860 945 5 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 200 250 0 0 5
Pangasinan 90 40 50 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75,070 31,965 43,105 320 165 160
Waray-Waray 90 35 55 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 175 200 5 0 0
Creole languages 5,325 2,355 2,970 85 35 50
Haitian Creole 355 165 190 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,995 1,735 2,255 70 30 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 975 455 520 15 5 10
Dravidian languages 96,250 46,575 49,680 60 30 25
Kannada 1,060 540 520 0 0 0
Malayalam 8,760 4,460 4,295 35 15 20
Tamil 80,600 38,460 42,140 5 0 0
Telugu 5,705 3,050 2,655 15 10 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 200 95 105 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 978,300 469,640 508,670 5,180 2,625 2,550
Albanian 9,190 4,580 4,605 0 0 0
Armenian 8,630 4,065 4,560 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 192,945 90,585 102,365 485 250 240
Baltic languages 2,305 950 1,355 0 0 5
Latvian 860 350 515 0 0 0
Lithuanian 1,440 600 840 0 0 0
Slavic languages 190,645 89,635 101,005 485 245 235
Belarusan 175 80 90 0 0 0
Bosnian 3,220 1,595 1,620 0 5 0
Bulgarian 4,830 2,350 2,480 0 0 0
Croatian 11,125 5,275 5,855 10 5 0
Czech 3,070 1,480 1,595 5 0 0
Macedonian 6,255 2,965 3,285 0 0 0
Polish 52,555 24,510 28,045 15 10 10
Russian 63,570 29,655 33,920 175 80 95
Serbian 23,175 11,335 11,840 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,925 920 1,010 0 0 0
Slovak 3,520 1,680 1,845 0 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,465 645 815 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15,415 6,995 8,420 275 145 125
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 355 160 190 0 0 0
Celtic languages 120 65 55 0 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 0 0 0
Welsh 30 10 15 0 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Germanic languages 44,515 21,630 22,880 2,085 1,045 1,040
Afrikaans 755 365 390 70 30 40
Danish 280 135 150 0 0 0
Dutch 4,450 2,145 2,305 10 5 5
Frisian 90 45 45 0 0 0
German 37,255 18,140 19,120 1,995 1,005 995
Icelandic 45 20 30 5 5 0
Norwegian 70 30 40 0 0 0
Swedish 385 190 190 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 145 60 85 5 0 0
Yiddish 370 190 185 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 655 315 340 0 0 0
Greek 21,700 10,160 11,535 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 435,835 215,755 220,080 800 435 360
Indo-Aryan languages 344,050 171,125 172,920 780 430 355
Bengali 29,590 14,595 14,995 5 0 5
Gujarati 45,445 22,410 23,035 480 265 215
Hindi 28,960 14,485 14,475 40 25 15
Kashmiri 65 30 35 0 0 0
Konkani 540 260 280 0 0 0
Marathi 2,420 1,230 1,190 0 0 0
Nepali 5,640 2,815 2,820 0 5 0
Oriya (Odia) 325 160 165 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,135 66,410 65,725 155 85 70
Sindhi 2,880 1,320 1,560 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,595 2,250 2,345 10 5 5
Urdu 91,450 45,160 46,295 85 40 40
Iranian languages 90,730 44,090 46,640 20 10 10
Kurdish 3,675 1,900 1,770 5 0 0
Pashto 6,750 3,360 3,395 5 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 80,305 38,830 41,475 10 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,050 540 515 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 265,375 122,790 142,585 1,805 895 905
Catalan 135 60 75 0 0 0
Italian 72,960 31,195 41,770 10 5 5
Portuguese 67,415 32,065 35,355 10 0 0
Romanian 19,920 9,380 10,535 0 0 0
Spanish 104,820 50,035 54,785 1,785 885 905
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 0 0 0
Japanese 6,040 2,590 3,450 5 0 0
Kartvelian languages 770 420 355 0 0 0
Georgian 775 420 355 0 0 0
Korean 48,540 22,685 25,855 160 80 85
Mongolic languages 225 115 110 5 0 5
Mongolian 230 120 110 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 12,120 5,400 6,725 60 30 35
Akan (Twi) 4,415 1,915 2,495 0 0 0
Bamanankan 25 15 15 0 0 0
Edo 305 120 180 0 0 0
Ewe 135 60 80 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 0 0 0
Ga 175 80 100 0 0 0
Ganda 195 85 110 0 0 0
Igbo 540 265 275 0 0 0
Lingala 225 100 130 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 475 230 240 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 420 160 260 0 0 5
Shona 455 210 245 0 0 0
Swahili 2,085 925 1,160 10 5 5
Wolof 130 65 65 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,300 625 675 35 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,120 500 625 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 550 260 290 0 0 0
Dinka 120 60 65 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 195 225 0 0 0
Sign languages 4,425 2,485 1,940 25 15 10
American Sign Language 1,605 830 770 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 2,795 1,640 1,150 20 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 448,200 210,560 237,640 1,440 735 695
Chinese languages 441,615 207,305 234,310 1,440 740 700
Cantonese 198,745 91,545 107,200 315 160 155
Hakka 2,870 1,305 1,575 0 0 0
Mandarin 220,535 105,360 115,175 1,045 540 510
Min Dong 265 115 145 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,775 2,635 3,140 5 5 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,690 1,735 1,955 5 5 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,630 4,565 5,070 70 35 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,580 3,250 3,330 0 0 0
Burmese 1,010 480 530 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,360 685 675 0 0 0
Tibetan 3,875 1,925 1,945 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 165 170 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,865 1,845 2,020 5 5 0
Lao 2,535 1,220 1,315 5 5 0
Thai 1,315 615 695 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 12,435 6,200 6,230 5 0 5
Azerbaijani 770 385 380 0 0 0
Turkish 10,545 5,245 5,300 5 5 5
Uyghur 290 150 140 0 0 0
Uzbek 585 290 295 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15,330 6,990 8,340 5 0 5
Estonian 790 290 500 0 0 0
Finnish 1,835 780 1,050 0 0 0
Hungarian 12,700 5,915 6,790 10 5 5
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 465 245 225 0 0 0
Multiple responses 790,825 379,925 410,905 1,845 895 950
English and French 45,655 20,895 24,755 85 40 40
English and non-official language 719,595 347,730 371,865 1,695 815 880
French and non-official language 6,725 2,930 3,795 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language 18,855 8,365 10,490 50 30 20
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 86,735 42,740 43,995
None 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000 79,990 39,420 40,565
English 896,170 437,015 459,155 3,515 1,790 1,730
French 243,970 108,390 135,580 685 285 395
Non-official language 1,056,960 501,315 555,645 2,450 1,195 1,250
Aboriginal 14,315 6,580 7,735 265 105 165
Non-Aboriginal 1,042,645 494,735 547,910 2,180 1,090 1,090
English and French 8,150 3,755 4,395 25 10 15
English and non-official language 19,105 9,370 9,735 55 30 25
French and non-official language 16,435 7,165 9,270 20 10 10
English, French and non-official language 415 205 215 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 67,945 33,160 34,785
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475 65,850 32,135 33,715
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,539 39,889 28,676 36,369 44,009 30,078
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975 65,865 32,135 33,725
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,641 35,753 26,585 31,932 37,707 27,149
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675 61,630 30,625 31,010
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,871 39,831 27,012 33,258 41,573 25,955
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770 47,745 20,785 26,950
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,206 2,034 5,463 5,185 3,245 5,894
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 52,000 26,845 25,155
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,946 39,490 29,413 33,679 40,737 27,042
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 68,020 33,305 34,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580 65,940 32,320 33,620
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,915 56,780 39,585 45,120 52,930 37,611
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210 65,965 32,330 33,630
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,318 45,443 33,564 36,654 42,047 31,469
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415 61,630 30,800 30,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,890 57,511 38,459 42,586 50,869 34,314
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475 47,995 21,045 26,950
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,346 6,763 7,815 7,307 6,856 7,660
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985 52,085 26,950 25,135
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,369 55,263 39,057 42,088 49,176 34,489
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 68,025 33,310 34,715
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900 25,305 15,035 10,270
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,121 60,345 49,713 48,044 53,041 42,494
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,628 76,536 58,676 57,335 61,058 51,886
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.1 84.7 88.1 91.7 83.2
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.9 76.0 68.7 73.1 77.3 67.5
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.9 15.3 11.9 8.3 16.8
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 67,950 33,160 34,785
Without total income 481,500 227,390 254,115 2,090 1,025 1,070
With total income 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475 65,855 32,135 33,715
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 96.9 96.9 96.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,615,790 711,105 904,685 7,310 2,940 4,370
$10,000 to $19,999 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645 10,235 3,815 6,420
$20,000 to $29,999 1,410,760 589,975 820,785 9,735 3,710 6,025
$30,000 to $39,999 1,147,510 519,550 627,955 8,975 3,955 5,025
$40,000 to $49,999 1,021,880 489,595 532,285 8,310 4,160 4,150
$50,000 to $59,999 809,115 415,950 393,165 5,870 3,370 2,505
$60,000 to $69,999 630,635 348,525 282,110 4,495 2,900 1,590
$70,000 to $79,999 479,890 277,725 202,165 3,225 2,025 1,200
$80,000 to $89,999 378,185 222,095 156,095 2,445 1,500 940
$90,000 to $99,999 324,810 181,815 142,995 1,520 980 535
$100,000 and over 909,005 616,420 292,585 3,735 2,780 955
$100,000 to $149,999 600,995 394,410 206,590 2,720 1,990 725
$150,000 and over 308,010 222,010 86,000 1,015 785 225
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 67,945 33,160 34,785
Without after-tax income 478,635 227,025 251,610 2,085 1,020 1,060
With after-tax income 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980 65,860 32,135 33,725
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.8 95.6 96.9 96.9 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,659,280 722,040 937,235 7,630 3,030 4,595
$10,000 to $19,999 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540 11,125 4,185 6,940
$20,000 to $29,999 1,623,230 690,290 932,940 11,895 4,690 7,200
$30,000 to $39,999 1,377,100 642,645 734,450 11,485 5,440 6,050
$40,000 to $49,999 1,166,040 585,490 580,555 8,625 4,890 3,735
$50,000 to $59,999 845,305 464,610 380,700 5,815 3,725 2,095
$60,000 to $69,999 604,005 354,015 249,985 3,995 2,450 1,545
$70,000 to $79,999 465,485 268,140 197,345 2,130 1,375 755
$80,000 and over 912,490 611,260 301,230 3,170 2,360 810
$80,000 to $89,999 299,315 183,410 115,905 1,165 825 340
$90,000 to $99,999 174,110 116,330 57,785 680 520 165
$100,000 and over 439,070 311,525 127,540 1,325 1,020 310
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 67,945 33,155 34,785
Without employment income 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245 15,945 6,315 9,630
With employment income 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 52,000 26,845 25,150
Percentage with employment income 70.6 74.8 66.6 76.5 81.0 72.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,094,860 546,920 547,940 6,370 2,885 3,485
$5,000 to $9,999 635,305 281,135 354,165 4,115 1,675 2,440
$10,000 to $19,999 1,027,910 464,445 563,465 6,860 2,870 3,985
$20,000 to $29,999 827,805 372,185 455,625 6,305 2,645 3,660
$30,000 to $39,999 767,840 351,925 415,910 6,590 3,105 3,485
$40,000 to $49,999 709,775 341,320 368,450 5,840 3,100 2,740
$50,000 to $59,999 588,220 310,155 278,065 4,115 2,485 1,635
$60,000 to $69,999 465,670 263,430 202,240 3,320 2,235 1,090
$70,000 to $79,999 369,085 218,570 150,515 2,540 1,625 910
$80,000 and over 1,304,210 848,245 455,970 5,945 4,220 1,720
$80,000 to $89,999 307,660 182,660 125,005 1,945 1,200 740
$90,000 to $99,999 280,530 156,440 124,090 1,195 800 390
$100,000 and over 716,015 509,140 206,875 2,805 2,215 585
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,843  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,046  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,526  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,716  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,886  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,927  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,604  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,564  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,539  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,872  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,633  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,521  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,791  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,818,815 867,175 951,640 13,860 6,740 7,120
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,097 33,925 30,753 33,903 38,912 29,943
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,417 30,678 28,442 30,005 33,494 27,340
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,814,575 864,020 950,555 13,745 6,690 7,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,298 46,765 42,057 41,251 45,853 36,885
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,874 38,228 35,644 34,057 36,676 31,573
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955 84,060 41,470 42,595
In the bottom half of the distribution 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895 46,180 21,905 24,275
In the bottom decile 1,346,645 651,310 695,335 8,125 3,755 4,370
In the second decile 1,280,675 581,380 699,290 9,120 3,975 5,145
In the third decile 1,237,415 583,840 653,575 9,450 4,505 4,945
In the fourth decile 1,223,510 589,740 633,770 9,625 4,690 4,935
In the fifth decile 1,246,925 610,000 636,930 9,860 4,980 4,885
In the top half of the distribution 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060 37,880 19,560 18,315
In the sixth decile 1,279,095 629,635 649,465 9,230 4,770 4,455
In the seventh decile 1,321,220 655,840 665,375 8,980 4,685 4,295
In the eighth decile 1,382,795 691,630 691,165 8,110 4,120 3,990
In the ninth decile 1,464,415 736,030 728,385 6,855 3,550 3,305
In the top decile 1,459,465 742,795 716,670 4,700 2,435 2,265
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130 83,755 41,320 42,440
0 to 17 years 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630 18,965 9,750 9,220
0 to 5 years 835,000 428,025 406,975 6,680 3,510 3,165
18 to 64 years 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345 51,090 25,320 25,770
65 years and over 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155 13,700 6,250 7,445
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445 12,195 5,500 6,700
0 to 17 years 489,905 251,830 238,080 3,860 1,930 1,925
0 to 5 years 165,140 84,825 80,310 1,480 745 730
18 to 64 years 1,155,315 538,535 616,780 6,330 2,845 3,480
65 years and over 253,755 96,170 157,585 2,010 720 1,290
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 14.6 13.3 15.8
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.5 18.4 20.4 19.8 20.9
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.8 19.7 22.2 21.2 23.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.1 14.3 12.4 11.2 13.5
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.9 13.8 14.7 11.5 17.3
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,298,590 627,935 670,650 5,555 2,580 2,975
0 to 17 years 304,390 156,575 147,815 1,665 825 840
0 to 5 years 102,750 52,810 49,935 645 315 330
18 to 64 years 887,640 430,545 457,095 3,640 1,650 1,995
65 years and over 106,555 40,815 65,740 245 110 140
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.7 9.9 6.6 6.2 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.5 11.4 8.8 8.5 9.1
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.3 9.7 9.0 10.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 7.1 6.5 7.7
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.2 5.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925 84,115 41,565 42,555
Official languages 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145 82,835 40,935 41,905
English 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825 82,795 40,905 41,885
French 1,521,020 677,505 843,510 4,125 1,980 2,155
Non-official languages 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760 12,505 6,190 6,320
Aboriginal languages 33,855 15,815 18,035 575 235 345
Algonquian languages 30,630 14,505 16,125 340 125 215
Blackfoot 15 15 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 6,560 3,160 3,395 185 60 120
Atikamekw 10 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 145 70 75 0 0 0
Naskapi 25 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 65 25 45 10 0 10
Plains Cree 105 50 50 20 0 15
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 605 255 350 55 20 30
Woods Cree 45 25 25 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,620 2,760 2,865 110 35 75
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 95 85 0 0 0
Malecite 20 20 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 160 75 85 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 23,980 11,285 12,690 165 70 100
Algonquin 205 95 105 0 0 0
Ojibway 16,220 7,600 8,630 155 65 85
Oji-Cree 7,515 3,585 3,935 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 200 105 100 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 25 65 10 10 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 0 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 0 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 10 0 0 0
Dene 45 20 30 0 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 840 320 525 0 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 730 285 445 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 105 35 70 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 1,940 810 1,125 0 0 0
Cayuga 120 35 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 1,625 710 915 0 0 0
Oneida 180 55 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 180 65 110 35 25 10
Salish languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 40 10 30 190 80 115
Dakota 20 10 10 190 80 115
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 10 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 210 100 110 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865 11,930 5,950 5,980
Afro-Asiatic languages 362,645 183,050 179,595 495 290 210
Berber languages 925 505 415 10 10 0
Kabyle 530 280 255 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 390 225 165 0 10 0
Cushitic languages 34,160 15,155 19,000 50 30 20
Bilen 355 200 160 45 25 20
Oromo 2,075 905 1,175 0 0 0
Somali 31,535 13,925 17,610 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 370 170 205 0 0 0
Semitic languages 330,315 168,750 161,570 450 260 190
Amharic 16,010 7,565 8,445 275 170 100
Arabic 246,015 127,015 119,000 165 85 85
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,825 8,775 9,050 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,185 3,045 3,140 0 0 0
Harari 1,310 660 645 0 0 0
Hebrew 43,255 22,165 21,090 15 10 0
Maltese 7,020 3,455 3,570 0 0 0
Tigrigna 9,385 4,320 5,065 60 35 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,985 1,010 975 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,125 535 590 15 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 99,830 46,210 53,620 65 25 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,045 4,490 5,550 10 0 0
Vietnamese 90,265 41,965 48,300 60 25 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 10 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 249,435 98,295 151,150 865 380 485
Bikol 755 340 425 0 0 0
Cebuano 9,475 3,650 5,830 55 20 35
Fijian 110 40 65 20 0 20
Hiligaynon 3,110 1,205 1,910 25 10 15
Ilocano 15,235 5,940 9,295 0 0 0
Malagasy 215 115 100 0 0 0
Malay 9,780 4,500 5,280 30 15 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,935 855 1,080 10 0 0
Pangasinan 565 245 320 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 232,935 91,110 141,820 800 360 440
Waray-Waray 410 125 285 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,785 755 1,030 20 10 10
Creole languages 30,260 13,525 16,735 210 95 110
Haitian Creole 1,430 605 830 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 19,375 8,480 10,895 145 65 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,685 4,525 5,155 60 30 30
Dravidian languages 196,315 97,975 98,335 120 85 35
Kannada 5,775 2,930 2,845 0 0 0
Malayalam 22,880 11,535 11,345 65 45 15
Tamil 157,700 77,975 79,730 45 30 10
Telugu 16,315 8,925 7,390 15 10 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 495 250 240 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 545 265 280 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525 7,935 3,960 3,970
Albanian 22,375 11,180 11,195 0 0 0
Armenian 18,435 8,860 9,575 10 10 0
Balto-Slavic languages 473,565 221,450 252,120 1,355 625 730
Baltic languages 10,545 4,495 6,050 15 0 15
Latvian 4,675 2,070 2,610 15 0 10
Lithuanian 5,875 2,430 3,445 0 0 0
Slavic languages 465,170 217,885 247,285 1,355 625 720
Belarusan 1,360 680 680 0 0 0
Bosnian 9,915 4,905 5,010 15 10 10
Bulgarian 10,410 5,060 5,350 0 0 0
Croatian 46,580 22,880 23,700 30 15 15
Czech 14,045 6,615 7,430 25 25 10
Macedonian 21,505 10,365 11,140 10 10 10
Polish 142,985 65,415 77,575 130 60 75
Russian 138,735 64,355 74,380 500 245 255
Serbian 53,250 26,725 26,525 0 10 0
Serbo-Croatian 5,815 2,845 2,965 10 10 0
Slovak 12,035 5,550 6,490 10 0 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,935 3,550 4,390 0 0 0
Ukrainian 54,615 24,125 30,490 845 375 470
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,750 935 815 0 0 0
Celtic languages 3,800 1,880 1,920 35 10 20
Scottish Gaelic 1,480 720 765 10 0 0
Welsh 685 300 390 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,650 870 785 20 10 10
Germanic languages 274,305 130,610 143,700 2,330 1,185 1,145
Afrikaans 7,360 3,625 3,735 215 90 125
Danish 5,440 2,455 2,980 15 0 10
Dutch 63,410 29,875 33,535 240 120 125
Frisian 1,655 820 835 0 0 0
German 189,035 90,730 98,305 1,770 920 850
Icelandic 285 130 155 15 0 10
Norwegian 2,140 975 1,165 10 0 0
Swedish 5,125 2,345 2,785 20 10 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,275 1,050 1,225 100 50 45
Yiddish 7,175 3,535 3,640 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 3,290 1,645 1,645 10 0 0
Greek 80,690 40,105 40,590 35 20 20
Indo-Iranian languages 915,765 463,175 452,585 1,300 720 580
Indo-Aryan languages 759,390 384,940 374,450 1,275 710 565
Bengali 59,685 30,420 29,265 35 25 10
Gujarati 103,890 52,380 51,510 655 355 300
Hindi 250,095 127,765 122,335 655 365 295
Kashmiri 600 300 300 0 0 0
Konkani 5,490 2,515 2,975 0 0 0
Marathi 10,360 5,380 4,980 30 20 10
Nepali 10,245 5,115 5,135 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 1,090 515 570 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 282,065 145,050 137,015 270 155 115
Sindhi 11,515 5,385 6,130 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,555 9,230 9,330 25 15 0
Urdu 231,500 117,305 114,190 160 70 90
Iranian languages 163,490 81,710 81,785 35 20 15
Kurdish 8,795 4,755 4,040 0 0 0
Pashto 15,315 8,145 7,170 20 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 145,465 72,275 73,190 10 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,665 2,495 2,175 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 880,330 418,225 462,105 3,055 1,495 1,560
Catalan 515 275 240 0 0 0
Italian 333,645 161,190 172,455 105 50 65
Portuguese 193,520 93,885 99,635 75 40 40
Romanian 49,635 23,205 26,430 25 10 15
Spanish 337,615 156,040 181,580 2,875 1,415 1,460
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,355 745 605 0 0 0
Japanese 25,675 11,535 14,140 30 10 20
Kartvelian languages 1,555 775 780 0 0 0
Georgian 1,555 770 785 0 0 0
Korean 79,175 36,930 42,245 140 75 65
Mongolic languages 515 225 285 0 0 0
Mongolian 515 225 285 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 70,570 33,620 36,945 265 165 100
Akan (Twi) 15,950 7,520 8,435 20 15 0
Bamanankan 385 195 185 0 0 0
Edo 2,130 930 1,195 0 0 0
Ewe 880 435 445 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 700 320 375 0 0 0
Ga 1,340 645 695 0 0 0
Ganda 1,225 550 675 35 25 15
Igbo 4,025 2,105 1,920 15 15 0
Lingala 4,885 2,165 2,720 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,555 1,080 1,475 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,220 885 1,330 0 0 0
Shona 2,350 1,055 1,300 0 0 10
Swahili 16,750 8,110 8,640 35 25 15
Wolof 730 355 375 0 0 0
Yoruba 10,495 5,345 5,150 135 80 60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 11,210 5,255 5,950 60 40 20
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,025 1,020 1,010 0 0 0
Dinka 415 220 200 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,615 805 810 0 0 0
Sign languages 18,865 7,645 11,220 165 65 105
American Sign Language 10,220 3,695 6,525 100 35 65
Quebec Sign Language 235 60 180 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 8,690 4,005 4,680 70 30 40
Sino-Tibetan languages 689,145 324,575 364,565 1,805 910 900
Chinese languages 679,170 319,635 359,530 1,805 910 895
Cantonese 341,875 159,280 182,600 375 180 195
Hakka 7,865 3,445 4,420 0 10 0
Mandarin 385,395 179,890 205,510 1,380 695 685
Min Dong 810 330 480 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 16,980 7,650 9,330 30 20 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,305 3,860 4,440 20 10 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,455 7,710 8,745 170 95 75
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,460 5,200 5,260 10 0 0
Burmese 2,215 1,055 1,165 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,820 905 920 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,695 2,845 2,850 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,245 645 605 10 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 11,120 4,945 6,180 25 15 10
Lao 6,740 3,215 3,520 15 10 0
Thai 5,195 2,065 3,135 20 10 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages 33,335 17,310 16,025 20 10 15
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,710 1,550 0 0 0
Turkish 27,850 14,510 13,340 10 0 10
Uyghur 700 350 345 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,405 700 705 10 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 915 450 465 0 0 0
Uralic languages 58,370 27,060 31,310 30 10 20
Estonian 4,785 2,155 2,625 0 0 0
Finnish 11,145 4,865 6,280 25 0 20
Hungarian 42,545 20,070 22,480 0 10 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,950 1,725 10 10 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 84,120 41,570 42,550
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705 77,665 38,420 39,240
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255 17,805 9,120 8,685
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445 59,855 29,300 30,560
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,019,095 484,880 534,215 6,455 3,145 3,310
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 84,120 41,570 42,550
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545 73,705 36,390 37,315
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 9,700 4,835 4,860
Before 1981 1,077,745 507,500 570,240 1,310 595 715
1981 to 1990 513,995 246,235 267,755 435 235 200
1991 to 2000 834,510 390,315 444,195 690 325 360
2001 to 2010 953,730 446,895 506,835 4,275 2,235 2,035
2001 to 2005 490,560 230,950 259,610 795 460 335
2006 to 2010 463,170 215,945 247,225 3,485 1,780 1,705
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 472,170 223,715 248,450 2,985 1,440 1,545
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 201,200 102,305 98,895 715 340 375
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485 9,695 4,840 4,860
Under 5 years 369,955 184,255 185,705 960 510 450
5 to 14 years 685,085 345,865 339,225 1,905 935 970
15 to 24 years 855,475 381,025 474,450 1,670 795 880
25 to 44 years 1,579,500 741,340 838,160 4,625 2,315 2,310
45 years and over 362,130 162,180 199,945 530 280 250
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 9,700 4,835 4,860
Americas 598,950 265,930 333,025 2,735 1,315 1,425
Brazil 14,705 6,700 8,010 0 0 0
Colombia 28,815 13,085 15,730 430 235 190
El Salvador 20,920 10,165 10,750 915 480 435
Guyana 79,745 35,325 44,420 15 10 0
Haiti 10,195 4,410 5,785 0 0 0
Jamaica 119,840 51,320 68,525 30 15 15
Mexico 30,075 13,895 16,185 130 55 70
Peru 10,550 4,660 5,895 10 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 52,810 23,515 29,300 35 20 15
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 109,005 47,170 61,830 480 190 285
Other places of birth in Americas 122,280 55,685 66,600 700 310 385
Europe 1,144,295 546,250 598,050 2,500 1,195 1,305
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,300 10,655 10,645 15 10 10
Croatia 27,330 13,495 13,835 0 0 0
France 13,385 6,310 7,070 45 15 30
Germany 63,460 29,685 33,775 410 230 180
Greece 36,575 18,225 18,350 20 10 0
Hungary 22,085 10,495 11,590 0 0 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15,275 7,415 7,860 65 35 30
Italy 157,815 78,510 79,305 45 10 35
Netherlands 47,400 23,910 23,490 165 80 85
Poland 96,000 43,155 52,845 80 35 45
Portugal 103,025 50,240 52,785 15 0 15
Romania 42,720 19,720 23,000 20 10 15
Russian Federation 42,980 18,540 24,440 140 70 70
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 23,695 11,610 12,085 0 0 0
Ukraine 39,945 18,150 21,795 370 180 195
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 264,125 125,730 138,390 900 415 485
Other places of birth in Europe 127,190 60,395 66,790 195 90 105
Africa 226,770 109,585 117,185 945 540 410
Algeria 2,925 1,480 1,450 10 10 0
Egypt 34,510 18,000 16,510 30 10 20
Ethiopia 15,570 7,230 8,340 180 115 70
Kenya 14,940 6,910 8,025 15 15 0
Morocco 5,485 2,690 2,795 0 0 0
Nigeria 20,630 10,285 10,345 145 80 65
Somalia 16,970 6,845 10,125 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 19,390 9,545 9,840 175 80 85
Other places of birth in Africa 96,355 46,610 49,745 400 230 170
Asia