Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ontario [Province] and Portage--Lisgar [Federal electoral district], Manitoba

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

[Province]
Portage--Lisgar
Manitoba
[Federal electoral district]
Data quality , Ontario [Province]  Map : Ontario [Province] Data quality : Portage--Lisgar [Federal electoral district], Manitoba  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,019  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,539  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,877  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,509.09  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105 97,355 48,550 48,805
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350 22,765 11,730 11,030
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055 7,770 4,000 3,765
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765 7,740 3,995 3,745
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530 7,255 3,735 3,520
15 to 64 years 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750 60,515 30,420 30,095
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,945 7,210 3,815 3,400
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570 6,270 3,290 2,980
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010 5,870 2,915 2,955
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965 5,970 2,965 3,005
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585 5,680 2,765 2,915
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415 5,635 2,815 2,815
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275 5,700 2,835 2,865
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175 6,455 3,185 3,275
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180 6,390 3,180 3,210
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640 5,325 2,650 2,685
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000 14,070 6,405 7,670
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270 4,340 2,180 2,160
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185 3,230 1,540 1,685
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195 2,595 1,200 1,395
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360 1,745 765 975
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985 2,165 710 1,450
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425 1,270 450 820
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990 670 205 465
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060 190 45 145
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520 30 10 25
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 23.4 24.2 22.6
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.3 66.4 62.2 62.7 61.7
65 years and over 16.7 15.5 17.9 14.5 13.2 15.7
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.2 1.5 3.0
Average age of the population 41.0 40.0 41.9 37.2 36.1 38.2
Median age of the population 41.3 40.2 42.4 35.5 34.3 36.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750 74,590 36,820 37,770
Married or living common law 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795 47,445 23,755 23,690
Married 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655 43,060 21,575 21,485
Living common law 906,155 455,015 451,145 4,385 2,180 2,205
Not married and not living common law 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955 27,145 13,065 14,085
Never married 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605 18,990 10,495 8,495
Separated 328,675 138,140 190,535 1,410 635 775
Divorced 653,835 252,900 400,935 2,600 1,150 1,450
Widowed 637,150 128,265 508,880 4,145 780 3,365
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300 11,120 5,370 5,750
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 96,220 48,090 48,130
English only 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665 87,525 43,965 43,565
French only 40,040 17,340 22,705 75 30 40
English and French 1,490,390 665,850 824,540 6,885 3,250 3,635
Neither English nor French 326,935 130,850 196,085 1,735 840 890
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995 96,220 48,090 48,130
English 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355 91,105 45,525 45,585
French 504,130 236,875 267,250 3,285 1,685 1,600
English and French 92,940 42,910 50,030 125 55 70
Neither English nor French 321,480 128,125 193,355 1,700 825 875
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 550,600 258,330 292,270 3,350 1,710 1,635
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.1 4.0 4.3 3.5 3.6 3.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990 96,220 48,090 48,125
Single responses 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330 94,650 47,330 47,320
Official languages 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520 68,070 34,180 33,890
English 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110 64,585 32,410 32,175
French 490,715 231,310 259,410 3,480 1,775 1,710
Non-official languages 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810 26,585 13,150 13,430
Aboriginal languages 22,765 10,815 11,950 380 155 225
Algonquian languages 21,235 10,175 11,060 335 130 205
Blackfoot 10 5 5 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,080 2,485 2,595 35 15 20
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 85 40 45 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 55 25 30 5 0 5
Plains Cree 35 5 30 5 5 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 355 135 225 10 0 10
Woods Cree 15 10 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 4,500 2,255 2,245 20 5 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 40 50 0 0 0
Malecite 10 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 85 35 50 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 16,025 7,620 8,400 300 120 185
Algonquin 65 30 35 0 0 0
Ojibway 9,505 4,515 4,985 295 115 180
Oji-Cree 6,310 3,015 3,300 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 65 80 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 60 20 40 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dene 20 10 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 475 165 305 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 425 145 280 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 710 300 410 0 0 0
Cayuga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 590 255 335 0 0 0
Oneida 55 15 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 15 5 0 0
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 35 20 15
Dakota 5 5 5 35 20 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 130 105 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865 26,210 12,995 13,210
Afro-Asiatic languages 253,830 127,720 126,110 175 100 75
Berber languages 725 405 320 0 0 0
Kabyle 425 225 200 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 180 120 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 24,605 10,730 13,870 10 10 5
Bilen 250 140 110 5 5 0
Oromo 1,445 720 730 0 5 0
Somali 22,680 9,755 12,925 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225 115 110 0 0 0
Semitic languages 227,985 116,320 111,665 160 90 75
Amharic 10,720 4,960 5,760 10 5 5
Arabic 171,370 88,400 82,965 135 75 65
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 14,555 7,135 7,420 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 4,795 2,365 2,425 0 0 0
Harari 1,030 485 545 0 0 0
Hebrew 11,575 6,220 5,350 10 5 0
Maltese 5,175 2,575 2,600 0 0 0
Tigrigna 7,345 3,470 3,870 10 10 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,435 705 730 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 520 265 250 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 78,125 35,880 42,240 10 5 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,355 3,330 4,020 5 0 0
Vietnamese 70,690 32,520 38,165 10 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 30 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 194,380 76,060 118,315 670 335 335
Bikol 595 260 330 0 0 0
Cebuano 6,545 2,500 4,045 40 15 20
Fijian 80 45 40 10 5 5
Hiligaynon 2,750 1,030 1,725 5 0 0
Ilocano 11,285 4,430 6,860 15 5 5
Malagasy 100 45 55 0 0 0
Malay 5,760 2,520 3,240 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,505 670 840 5 0 5
Pangasinan 535 215 315 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 163,415 63,665 99,755 595 300 295
Waray-Waray 405 140 270 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,400 550 850 0 5 0
Creole languages 11,255 5,095 6,165 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 630 290 340 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,025 3,580 4,440 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,605 1,225 1,380 0 5 0
Dravidian languages 148,605 73,530 75,075 90 45 45
Kannada 2,670 1,365 1,305 0 5 0
Malayalam 17,140 8,795 8,350 65 35 30
Tamil 117,630 57,310 60,320 15 10 5
Telugu 10,820 5,895 4,925 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 525 250 270 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165 24,830 12,290 12,545
Albanian 19,045 9,535 9,510 10 5 5
Armenian 15,070 7,305 7,765 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 410,725 188,695 222,025 2,140 1,080 1,065
Baltic languages 9,080 3,785 5,295 5 5 5
Latvian 3,910 1,650 2,260 10 5 5
Lithuanian 5,175 2,135 3,035 0 0 0
Slavic languages 401,645 184,915 216,730 2,135 1,075 1,060
Belarusan 515 230 280 0 5 0
Bosnian 6,370 3,125 3,245 5 0 5
Bulgarian 9,095 4,355 4,740 0 0 0
Croatian 31,875 15,460 16,410 20 10 10
Czech 10,670 4,930 5,740 20 10 10
Macedonian 15,635 7,470 8,165 0 0 0
Polish 121,075 54,675 66,405 75 40 35
Russian 101,100 45,630 55,470 1,600 825 780
Serbian 41,740 20,585 21,150 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,875 2,310 2,570 0 0 0
Slovak 10,280 4,710 5,565 5 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 6,740 2,995 3,745 0 0 0
Ukrainian 40,375 17,760 22,610 395 180 215
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,310 670 635 0 0 0
Celtic languages 1,110 505 605 5 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 450 210 240 5 5 0
Welsh 435 180 260 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 110 0 0 0
Germanic languages 200,640 94,475 106,165 21,820 10,760 11,065
Afrikaans 2,295 1,125 1,170 45 25 20
Danish 4,265 2,010 2,250 10 5 5
Dutch 51,720 24,875 26,840 355 180 180
Frisian 1,240 630 620 10 5 5
German 131,525 61,520 70,005 21,300 10,500 10,800
Icelandic 210 100 110 15 10 10
Norwegian 940 405 540 5 5 5
Swedish 2,395 1,040 1,350 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,150 925 1,225 70 25 45
Yiddish 3,735 1,765 1,970 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85 10 5 0
Greek 55,415 27,305 28,110 15 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 707,845 357,350 350,495 345 185 160
Indo-Aryan languages 565,600 285,720 279,875 310 170 140
Bengali 46,810 23,615 23,195 15 10 5
Gujarati 76,675 38,740 37,940 35 25 15
Hindi 58,735 29,805 28,930 20 10 5
Kashmiri 345 170 175 0 0 0
Konkani 2,510 1,195 1,315 0 0 0
Marathi 5,490 2,805 2,685 0 0 0
Nepali 7,870 3,915 3,960 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 715 380 335 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 197,060 100,160 96,895 180 95 90
Sindhi 6,840 3,225 3,615 5 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10,165 4,925 5,235 5 5 0
Urdu 152,385 76,795 75,595 50 25 20
Iranian languages 139,675 70,270 69,405 30 15 15
Kurdish 6,665 3,615 3,050 5 5 5
Pashto 10,950 5,630 5,315 5 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 122,070 61,025 61,040 15 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,565 1,350 1,215 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 614,525 295,030 319,490 490 245 245
Catalan 285 150 135 0 0 0
Italian 231,040 112,440 118,600 45 25 15
Portuguese 150,000 72,280 77,715 55 25 30
Romanian 41,755 19,565 22,190 20 5 5
Spanish 191,025 90,390 100,630 380 190 190
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 420 200 215 0 0 0
Japanese 13,260 4,590 8,670 5 5 5
Kartvelian languages 1,200 635 565 0 0 0
Georgian 1,200 635 565 0 0 0
Korean 69,775 32,035 37,740 80 45 35
Mongolic languages 405 180 220 0 0 0
Mongolian 405 180 225 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 35,760 16,705 19,050 50 30 25
Akan (Twi) 9,695 4,510 5,190 5 0 0
Bamanankan 140 60 80 0 0 0
Edo 1,140 475 670 0 0 0
Ewe 560 270 295 0 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 365 180 185 0 0 0
Ga 600 275 325 0 0 0
Ganda 760 360 400 0 0 0
Igbo 2,090 1,080 1,010 0 0 0
Lingala 850 365 485 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,430 640 785 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,330 545 785 0 0 0
Shona 1,455 660 790 5 0 0
Swahili 5,525 2,540 2,985 25 10 15
Wolof 290 145 150 0 0 0
Yoruba 4,365 2,260 2,105 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,155 2,345 2,810 10 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,610 810 800 10 5 5
Dinka 345 170 175 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,260 635 625 10 10 0
Sign languages 3,030 1,570 1,455 25 15 10
American Sign Language 1,305 640 670 15 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,700 925 780 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 611,795 284,865 326,935 155 75 85
Chinese languages 602,610 280,340 322,270 145 65 80
Cantonese 275,315 128,090 147,220 45 25 20
Hakka 6,985 3,140 3,840 0 0 0
Mandarin 283,735 132,275 151,460 70 25 40
Min Dong 855 405 450 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,545 6,240 7,300 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,300 2,825 3,470 0 0 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 15,645 7,235 8,410 30 15 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 9,185 4,520 4,660 15 10 5
Burmese 1,640 775 865 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,730 865 860 15 10 5
Tibetan 5,115 2,530 2,585 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 700 345 350 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 8,485 3,535 4,945 35 20 15
Lao 5,190 2,480 2,710 25 15 15
Thai 3,270 1,045 2,220 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,615 11,745 10,870 10 10 5
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,070 920 0 0 0
Turkish 18,415 9,610 8,810 0 0 0
Uyghur 515 255 260 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,055 515 545 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 640 295 345 10 5 5
Uralic languages 50,670 23,095 27,570 30 15 15
Estonian 4,205 1,810 2,400 0 0 0
Finnish 9,720 4,140 5,580 5 5 5
Hungarian 36,740 17,150 19,590 25 15 15
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,475 780 690 5 5 5
Multiple responses 365,910 176,250 189,660 1,565 755 805
English and French 54,045 25,165 28,880 260 125 135
English and non-official language 288,285 140,345 147,940 1,290 615 675
French and non-official language 12,565 5,735 6,830 15 5 5
English, French and non-official language 11,010 5,000 6,005 5 0 5
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 96,220 48,090 48,130
Single responses 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085 92,975 46,540 46,435
Official languages 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300 79,890 40,015 39,875
English 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800 78,460 39,295 39,160
French 277,045 129,540 147,500 1,430 720 710
Non-official languages 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780 13,085 6,525 6,560
Aboriginal languages 9,210 4,600 4,610 60 20 35
Algonquian languages 8,685 4,370 4,320 55 20 35
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,370 1,205 1,165 0 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 10 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 105 50 55 5 0 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 2,220 1,135 1,085 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 6,305 3,155 3,145 50 20 30
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 3,315 1,695 1,620 45 20 30
Oji-Cree 2,905 1,420 1,490 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 160 60 90 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 140 60 80 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 210 90 120 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 185 80 100 0 0 0
Oneida 20 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5 5 5 0
Dakota 5 5 0 10 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 120 55 65 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170 13,025 6,500 6,525
Afro-Asiatic languages 138,460 66,865 71,590 135 85 55
Berber languages 345 175 170 0 5 0
Kabyle 255 125 130 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 0 5 0
Cushitic languages 14,460 6,100 8,360 5 5 0
Bilen 170 80 85 5 5 0
Oromo 805 380 425 0 0 0
Somali 13,370 5,590 7,780 5 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 0 0 0
Semitic languages 123,410 60,475 62,940 125 75 50
Amharic 5,625 2,540 3,085 5 0 5
Arabic 94,195 46,505 47,695 110 70 45
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,515 4,595 4,920 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,915 1,410 1,500 0 0 0
Harari 555 250 305 0 0 0
Hebrew 4,850 2,505 2,345 5 5 0
Maltese 1,090 505 580 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,920 1,805 2,115 5 5 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 755 360 395 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 115 125 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 50,245 23,105 27,140 5 5 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,770 1,650 2,120 0 0 0
Vietnamese 46,435 21,435 25,000 5 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 85,370 36,525 48,845 355 205 155
Bikol 90 35 55 0 0 0
Cebuano 2,325 1,020 1,315 20 15 10
Fijian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 910 385 530 0 0 0
Ilocano 4,100 1,780 2,320 0 0 0
Malagasy 35 15 20 0 0 0
Malay 1,810 860 945 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 200 250 0 0 0
Pangasinan 90 40 50 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75,070 31,965 43,105 335 190 145
Waray-Waray 90 35 55 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 175 200 0 0 0
Creole languages 5,325 2,355 2,970 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 355 165 190 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,995 1,735 2,255 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 975 455 520 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 96,250 46,575 49,680 55 30 25
Kannada 1,060 540 520 5 0 0
Malayalam 8,760 4,460 4,295 30 15 15
Tamil 80,600 38,460 42,140 10 10 5
Telugu 5,705 3,050 2,655 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 200 95 105 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 978,300 469,640 508,670 12,235 6,065 6,165
Albanian 9,190 4,580 4,605 5 0 5
Armenian 8,630 4,065 4,560 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 192,945 90,585 102,365 1,115 575 540
Baltic languages 2,305 950 1,355 5 0 5
Latvian 860 350 515 5 5 0
Lithuanian 1,440 600 840 0 0 0
Slavic languages 190,645 89,635 101,005 1,110 575 535
Belarusan 175 80 90 0 0 0
Bosnian 3,220 1,595 1,620 0 0 0
Bulgarian 4,830 2,350 2,480 0 0 0
Croatian 11,125 5,275 5,855 15 10 5
Czech 3,070 1,480 1,595 0 0 0
Macedonian 6,255 2,965 3,285 0 0 0
Polish 52,555 24,510 28,045 15 10 5
Russian 63,570 29,655 33,920 970 505 470
Serbian 23,175 11,335 11,840 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,925 920 1,010 0 0 0
Slovak 3,520 1,680 1,845 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,465 645 815 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15,415 6,995 8,420 105 50 55
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 355 160 190 0 0 0
Celtic languages 120 65 55 5 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 5 5 5
Welsh 30 10 15 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Germanic languages 44,515 21,630 22,880 10,555 5,195 5,360
Afrikaans 755 365 390 25 10 10
Danish 280 135 150 0 0 0
Dutch 4,450 2,145 2,305 60 30 30
Frisian 90 45 45 5 0 0
German 37,255 18,140 19,120 10,055 4,935 5,120
Icelandic 45 20 30 0 0 0
Norwegian 70 30 40 0 0 0
Swedish 385 190 190 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 145 60 85 5 0 5
Yiddish 370 190 185 0 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 655 315 340 410 205 195
Greek 21,700 10,160 11,535 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 435,835 215,755 220,080 255 135 120
Indo-Aryan languages 344,050 171,125 172,920 235 125 105
Bengali 29,590 14,595 14,995 10 5 5
Gujarati 45,445 22,410 23,035 25 15 10
Hindi 28,960 14,485 14,475 10 5 10
Kashmiri 65 30 35 0 0 0
Konkani 540 260 280 0 0 0
Marathi 2,420 1,230 1,190 0 0 0
Nepali 5,640 2,815 2,820 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 325 160 165 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,135 66,410 65,725 150 75 70
Sindhi 2,880 1,320 1,560 0 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,595 2,250 2,345 0 0 5
Urdu 91,450 45,160 46,295 35 20 20
Iranian languages 90,730 44,090 46,640 20 5 15
Kurdish 3,675 1,900 1,770 5 5 5
Pashto 6,750 3,360 3,395 5 0 5
Persian (Farsi) 80,305 38,830 41,475 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,050 540 515 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 265,375 122,790 142,585 300 160 140
Catalan 135 60 75 0 0 0
Italian 72,960 31,195 41,770 5 5 5
Portuguese 67,415 32,065 35,355 30 15 15
Romanian 19,920 9,380 10,535 5 0 0
Spanish 104,820 50,035 54,785 260 135 120
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 0 0 0
Japanese 6,040 2,590 3,450 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 770 420 355 0 0 0
Georgian 775 420 355 0 0 0
Korean 48,540 22,685 25,855 70 35 35
Mongolic languages 225 115 110 0 0 0
Mongolian 230 120 110 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 12,120 5,400 6,725 25 10 15
Akan (Twi) 4,415 1,915 2,495 0 0 0
Bamanankan 25 15 15 0 0 0
Edo 305 120 180 0 0 0
Ewe 135 60 80 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 0 0 0
Ga 175 80 100 0 0 0
Ganda 195 85 110 0 0 0
Igbo 540 265 275 0 0 0
Lingala 225 100 130 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 475 230 240 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 420 160 260 0 0 0
Shona 455 210 245 0 0 0
Swahili 2,085 925 1,160 20 5 10
Wolof 130 65 65 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,300 625 675 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,120 500 625 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 550 260 290 0 0 0
Dinka 120 60 65 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 195 225 5 0 5
Sign languages 4,425 2,485 1,940 25 10 15
American Sign Language 1,605 830 770 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 2,795 1,640 1,150 15 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 448,200 210,560 237,640 100 50 55
Chinese languages 441,615 207,305 234,310 85 35 45
Cantonese 198,745 91,545 107,200 25 15 10
Hakka 2,870 1,305 1,575 0 0 0
Mandarin 220,535 105,360 115,175 45 20 25
Min Dong 265 115 145 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,775 2,635 3,140 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,690 1,735 1,955 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,630 4,565 5,070 20 10 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,580 3,250 3,330 15 10 5
Burmese 1,010 480 530 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,360 685 675 15 10 5
Tibetan 3,875 1,925 1,945 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 165 170 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,865 1,845 2,020 15 10 10
Lao 2,535 1,220 1,315 10 5 5
Thai 1,315 615 695 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 12,435 6,200 6,230 5 5 5
Azerbaijani 770 385 380 0 0 0
Turkish 10,545 5,245 5,300 0 0 0
Uyghur 290 150 140 0 0 0
Uzbek 585 290 295 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 5 0 5
Uralic languages 15,330 6,990 8,340 5 0 0
Estonian 790 290 500 0 0 0
Finnish 1,835 780 1,050 0 0 0
Hungarian 12,700 5,915 6,790 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 465 245 225 0 0 0
Multiple responses 790,825 379,925 410,905 3,245 1,550 1,695
English and French 45,655 20,895 24,755 180 85 95
English and non-official language 719,595 347,730 371,865 3,035 1,445 1,590
French and non-official language 6,725 2,930 3,795 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language 18,855 8,365 10,490 10 10 0
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 96,215 48,090 48,130
None 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000 80,670 40,345 40,325
English 896,170 437,015 459,155 6,405 3,210 3,200
French 243,970 108,390 135,580 1,520 750 770
Non-official language 1,056,960 501,315 555,645 7,430 3,685 3,740
Aboriginal 14,315 6,580 7,735 400 185 215
Non-Aboriginal 1,042,645 494,735 547,910 7,025 3,500 3,525
English and French 8,150 3,755 4,395 5 5 5
English and non-official language 19,105 9,370 9,735 165 85 80
French and non-official language 16,435 7,165 9,270 25 10 15
English, French and non-official language 415 205 215 5 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 70,235 34,850 35,390
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475 67,175 33,365 33,810
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,539 39,889 28,676 33,344 41,373 26,249
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975 67,185 33,365 33,815
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,641 35,753 26,585 29,738 36,032 24,173
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675 61,605 31,750 29,855
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,871 39,831 27,012 31,359 39,429 23,273
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770 47,395 20,780 26,615
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,206 2,034 5,463 5,102 2,055 6,286
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 52,425 28,215 24,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,946 39,490 29,413 31,948 39,225 24,394
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 70,220 34,775 35,440
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580 67,010 33,085 33,915
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,915 56,780 39,585 40,917 48,492 33,527
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210 67,015 33,090 33,925
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,318 45,443 33,564 34,229 39,738 28,855
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415 61,595 31,505 30,095
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,890 57,511 38,459 38,934 46,762 30,737
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475 47,330 20,560 26,770
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,346 6,763 7,815 7,258 6,383 7,930
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985 52,435 28,010 24,420
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,369 55,263 39,057 38,454 45,624 30,231
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 70,215 34,775 35,440
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900 26,255 16,590 9,660
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,121 60,345 49,713 46,143 49,319 40,148
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,628 76,536 58,676 53,566 58,198 45,611
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.1 84.7 87.5 91.8 81.2
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.9 76.0 68.7 73.5 78.9 65.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.9 15.3 12.5 8.2 18.8
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 70,240 34,850 35,390
Without total income 481,500 227,390 254,115 3,065 1,485 1,575
With total income 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475 67,175 33,365 33,810
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,615,790 711,105 904,685 8,945 3,465 5,475
$10,000 to $19,999 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645 11,285 3,950 7,330
$20,000 to $29,999 1,410,760 589,975 820,785 10,160 3,995 6,160
$30,000 to $39,999 1,147,510 519,550 627,955 9,325 4,555 4,770
$40,000 to $49,999 1,021,880 489,595 532,285 8,560 4,960 3,600
$50,000 to $59,999 809,115 415,950 393,165 5,705 3,595 2,110
$60,000 to $69,999 630,635 348,525 282,110 3,825 2,475 1,345
$70,000 to $79,999 479,890 277,725 202,165 2,885 1,920 965
$80,000 to $89,999 378,185 222,095 156,095 2,050 1,285 770
$90,000 to $99,999 324,810 181,815 142,995 1,235 805 430
$100,000 and over 909,005 616,420 292,585 3,200 2,355 845
$100,000 to $149,999 600,995 394,410 206,590 2,260 1,630 630
$150,000 and over 308,010 222,010 86,000 940 725 220
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 70,235 34,850 35,390
Without after-tax income 478,635 227,025 251,610 3,055 1,480 1,570
With after-tax income 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980 67,185 33,365 33,815
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.8 95.6 95.7 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,659,280 722,040 937,235 9,240 3,545 5,690
$10,000 to $19,999 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540 12,120 4,340 7,780
$20,000 to $29,999 1,623,230 690,290 932,940 12,545 5,175 7,365
$30,000 to $39,999 1,377,100 642,645 734,450 11,600 6,260 5,340
$40,000 to $49,999 1,166,040 585,490 580,555 8,410 5,220 3,195
$50,000 to $59,999 845,305 464,610 380,700 5,120 3,325 1,790
$60,000 to $69,999 604,005 354,015 249,985 3,470 2,195 1,270
$70,000 to $79,999 465,485 268,140 197,345 1,840 1,195 645
$80,000 and over 912,490 611,260 301,230 2,840 2,110 730
$80,000 to $89,999 299,315 183,410 115,905 980 705 270
$90,000 to $99,999 174,110 116,330 57,785 580 430 150
$100,000 and over 439,070 311,525 127,540 1,275 965 310
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 70,235 34,845 35,390
Without employment income 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245 17,810 6,630 11,180
With employment income 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 52,430 28,220 24,210
Percentage with employment income 70.6 74.8 66.6 74.6 81.0 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,094,860 546,920 547,940 6,450 2,795 3,655
$5,000 to $9,999 635,305 281,135 354,165 4,300 1,795 2,510
$10,000 to $19,999 1,027,910 464,445 563,465 7,205 3,105 4,105
$20,000 to $29,999 827,805 372,185 455,625 6,790 2,930 3,865
$30,000 to $39,999 767,840 351,925 415,910 7,060 3,770 3,295
$40,000 to $49,999 709,775 341,320 368,450 6,240 3,860 2,370
$50,000 to $59,999 588,220 310,155 278,065 4,200 2,865 1,340
$60,000 to $69,999 465,670 263,430 202,240 2,885 1,960 925
$70,000 to $79,999 369,085 218,570 150,515 2,215 1,525 690
$80,000 and over 1,304,210 848,245 455,970 5,075 3,615 1,460
$80,000 to $89,999 307,660 182,660 125,005 1,690 1,070 615
$90,000 to $99,999 280,530 156,440 124,090 990 665 325
$100,000 and over 716,015 509,140 206,875 2,395 1,880 515
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,292  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,244  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,934  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,204  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,003  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,461  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,937  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,152  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,566  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,759  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,359  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,932  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,827  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,262  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,818,815 867,175 951,640 9,560 4,615 4,945
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,097 33,925 30,753 31,674 36,224 28,187
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,417 30,678 28,442 28,519 31,364 26,288
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,814,575 864,020 950,555 9,550 4,545 5,005
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,298 46,765 42,057 38,138 41,341 35,230
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,874 38,228 35,644 32,543 34,481 30,782
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955 91,545 45,850 45,690
In the bottom half of the distribution 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895 55,635 27,340 28,295
In the bottom decile 1,346,645 651,310 695,335 8,625 4,270 4,355
In the second decile 1,280,675 581,380 699,290 13,155 6,150 7,005
In the third decile 1,237,415 583,840 653,575 12,435 6,095 6,335
In the fourth decile 1,223,510 589,740 633,770 10,960 5,490 5,465
In the fifth decile 1,246,925 610,000 636,930 10,460 5,335 5,125
In the top half of the distribution 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060 35,915 18,510 17,400
In the sixth decile 1,279,095 629,635 649,465 9,055 4,675 4,380
In the seventh decile 1,321,220 655,840 665,375 8,590 4,420 4,170
In the eighth decile 1,382,795 691,630 691,165 7,525 3,875 3,650
In the ninth decile 1,464,415 736,030 728,385 6,345 3,260 3,090
In the top decile 1,459,465 742,795 716,670 4,400 2,280 2,115
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130 89,735 44,920 44,810
0 to 17 years 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630 24,795 12,860 11,935
0 to 5 years 835,000 428,025 406,975 8,450 4,380 4,065
18 to 64 years 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345 52,350 26,190 26,160
65 years and over 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155 12,590 5,875 6,720
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445 14,340 6,775 7,565
0 to 17 years 489,905 251,830 238,080 5,645 2,920 2,720
0 to 5 years 165,140 84,825 80,310 2,315 1,205 1,110
18 to 64 years 1,155,315 538,535 616,780 6,570 3,090 3,485
65 years and over 253,755 96,170 157,585 2,130 760 1,365
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 16.0 15.1 16.9
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.5 18.4 22.8 22.7 22.8
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.8 19.7 27.4 27.5 27.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.1 14.3 12.6 11.8 13.3
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.9 13.8 16.9 12.9 20.3
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,298,590 627,935 670,650 3,990 1,995 2,000
0 to 17 years 304,390 156,575 147,815 1,255 665 595
0 to 5 years 102,750 52,810 49,935 510 275 240
18 to 64 years 887,640 430,545 457,095 2,505 1,225 1,285
65 years and over 106,555 40,815 65,740 230 105 120
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.7 9.9 4.4 4.4 4.5
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.5 11.4 5.1 5.2 5.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.3 6.0 6.3 5.9
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 4.8 4.7 4.9
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.2 5.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925 91,545 45,825 45,720
Official languages 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145 90,030 45,070 44,960
English 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825 89,960 45,045 44,915
French 1,521,020 677,505 843,510 6,850 3,330 3,520
Non-official languages 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760 26,145 12,955 13,195
Aboriginal languages 33,855 15,815 18,035 710 325 380
Algonquian languages 30,630 14,505 16,125 635 280 355
Blackfoot 15 15 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 6,560 3,160 3,395 85 40 45
Atikamekw 10 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 145 70 75 0 0 0
Naskapi 25 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 65 25 45 10 10 0
Plains Cree 105 50 50 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 605 255 350 20 0 20
Woods Cree 45 25 25 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,620 2,760 2,865 55 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 95 85 0 0 0
Malecite 20 20 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 160 75 85 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 23,980 11,285 12,690 570 250 320
Algonquin 205 95 105 0 0 0
Ojibway 16,220 7,600 8,630 555 245 310
Oji-Cree 7,515 3,585 3,935 20 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 200 105 100 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 25 65 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 0 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 10 0 0 0
Dene 45 20 30 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 840 320 525 0 10 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 730 285 445 0 10 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 105 35 70 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 1,940 810 1,125 0 0 0
Cayuga 120 35 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 1,625 710 915 0 0 0
Oneida 180 55 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 180 65 110 0 10 0
Salish languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 40 10 30 80 45 30
Dakota 20 10 10 75 45 30
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 10 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 210 100 110 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865 25,440 12,625 12,815
Afro-Asiatic languages 362,645 183,050 179,595 280 180 95
Berber languages 925 505 415 0 0 0
Kabyle 530 280 255 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 390 225 165 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 34,160 15,155 19,000 15 15 0
Bilen 355 200 160 15 15 0
Oromo 2,075 905 1,175 0 0 0
Somali 31,535 13,925 17,610 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 370 170 205 0 0 0
Semitic languages 330,315 168,750 161,570 275 180 100
Amharic 16,010 7,565 8,445 0 0 0
Arabic 246,015 127,015 119,000 200 125 75
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,825 8,775 9,050 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,185 3,045 3,140 0 0 0
Harari 1,310 660 645 0 0 0
Hebrew 43,255 22,165 21,090 55 35 20
Maltese 7,020 3,455 3,570 0 0 0
Tigrigna 9,385 4,320 5,065 15 15 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,985 1,010 975 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,125 535 590 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 99,830 46,210 53,620 10 10 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,045 4,490 5,550 0 0 0
Vietnamese 90,265 41,965 48,300 10 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 10 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 249,435 98,295 151,150 890 450 435
Bikol 755 340 425 0 0 0
Cebuano 9,475 3,650 5,830 50 35 15
Fijian 110 40 65 10 10 0
Hiligaynon 3,110 1,205 1,910 0 0 0
Ilocano 15,235 5,940 9,295 10 0 0
Malagasy 215 115 100 0 0 0
Malay 9,780 4,500 5,280 15 10 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,935 855 1,080 0 0 0
Pangasinan 565 245 320 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 232,935 91,110 141,820 865 440 430
Waray-Waray 410 125 285 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,785 755 1,030 0 0 0
Creole languages 30,260 13,525 16,735 15 10 10
Haitian Creole 1,430 605 830 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 19,375 8,480 10,895 10 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,685 4,525 5,155 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 196,315 97,975 98,335 140 85 55
Kannada 5,775 2,930 2,845 10 0 10
Malayalam 22,880 11,535 11,345 85 55 30
Tamil 157,700 77,975 79,730 15 10 10
Telugu 16,315 8,925 7,390 35 20 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 495 250 240 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 545 265 280 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525 23,710 11,710 12,005
Albanian 22,375 11,180 11,195 15 10 10
Armenian 18,435 8,860 9,575 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 473,565 221,450 252,120 2,850 1,400 1,455
Baltic languages 10,545 4,495 6,050 0 0 0
Latvian 4,675 2,070 2,610 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5,875 2,430 3,445 0 0 0
Slavic languages 465,170 217,885 247,285 2,850 1,395 1,455
Belarusan 1,360 680 680 0 0 0
Bosnian 9,915 4,905 5,010 10 0 10
Bulgarian 10,410 5,060 5,350 0 0 0
Croatian 46,580 22,880 23,700 20 10 10
Czech 14,045 6,615 7,430 20 15 10
Macedonian 21,505 10,365 11,140 0 0 0
Polish 142,985 65,415 77,575 90 65 25
Russian 138,735 64,355 74,380 2,435 1,210 1,225
Serbian 53,250 26,725 26,525 10 0 10
Serbo-Croatian 5,815 2,845 2,965 0 0 0
Slovak 12,035 5,550 6,490 0 10 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,935 3,550 4,390 0 0 0
Ukrainian 54,615 24,125 30,490 520 230 290
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,750 935 815 0 0 0
Celtic languages 3,800 1,880 1,920 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 1,480 720 765 0 0 0
Welsh 685 300 390 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,650 870 785 0 0 0
Germanic languages 274,305 130,610 143,700 21,115 10,420 10,695
Afrikaans 7,360 3,625 3,735 85 40 40
Danish 5,440 2,455 2,980 20 10 10
Dutch 63,410 29,875 33,535 380 195 185
Frisian 1,655 820 835 10 10 0
German 189,035 90,730 98,305 19,800 9,740 10,060
Icelandic 285 130 155 20 10 15
Norwegian 2,140 975 1,165 0 0 0
Swedish 5,125 2,345 2,785 20 20 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,275 1,050 1,225 30 10 20
Yiddish 7,175 3,535 3,640 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 3,290 1,645 1,645 1,970 1,000 970
Greek 80,690 40,105 40,590 30 15 15
Indo-Iranian languages 915,765 463,175 452,585 395 195 205
Indo-Aryan languages 759,390 384,940 374,450 375 180 190
Bengali 59,685 30,420 29,265 20 10 10
Gujarati 103,890 52,380 51,510 15 10 10
Hindi 250,095 127,765 122,335 205 110 95
Kashmiri 600 300 300 0 0 0
Konkani 5,490 2,515 2,975 0 0 0
Marathi 10,360 5,380 4,980 10 10 0
Nepali 10,245 5,115 5,135 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 1,090 515 570 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 282,065 145,050 137,015 160 75 90
Sindhi 11,515 5,385 6,130 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,555 9,230 9,330 0 0 0
Urdu 231,500 117,305 114,190 55 20 35
Iranian languages 163,490 81,710 81,785 25 15 10
Kurdish 8,795 4,755 4,040 0 0 0
Pashto 15,315 8,145 7,170 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 145,465 72,275 73,190 25 10 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,665 2,495 2,175 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 880,330 418,225 462,105 1,560 925 635
Catalan 515 275 240 0 0 0
Italian 333,645 161,190 172,455 40 20 15
Portuguese 193,520 93,885 99,635 110 45 60
Romanian 49,635 23,205 26,430 0 0 0
Spanish 337,615 156,040 181,580 1,430 860 565
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,355 745 605 0 0 10
Japanese 25,675 11,535 14,140 15 10 10
Kartvelian languages 1,555 775 780 0 0 0
Georgian 1,555 770 785 0 0 0
Korean 79,175 36,930 42,245 150 85 65
Mongolic languages 515 225 285 0 0 0
Mongolian 515 225 285 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 70,570 33,620 36,945 125 80 40
Akan (Twi) 15,950 7,520 8,435 10 10 0
Bamanankan 385 195 185 0 0 0
Edo 2,130 930 1,195 0 0 0
Ewe 880 435 445 10 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 700 320 375 0 0 0
Ga 1,340 645 695 0 0 0
Ganda 1,225 550 675 0 0 0
Igbo 4,025 2,105 1,920 0 0 0
Lingala 4,885 2,165 2,720 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,555 1,080 1,475 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,220 885 1,330 0 0 0
Shona 2,350 1,055 1,300 15 10 10
Swahili 16,750 8,110 8,640 40 25 15
Wolof 730 355 375 0 0 0
Yoruba 10,495 5,345 5,150 40 25 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 11,210 5,255 5,950 25 20 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,025 1,020 1,010 0 0 0
Dinka 415 220 200 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,615 805 810 0 0 0
Sign languages 18,865 7,645 11,220 140 45 100
American Sign Language 10,220 3,695 6,525 65 20 45
Quebec Sign Language 235 60 180 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 8,690 4,005 4,680 70 20 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 689,145 324,575 364,565 90 40 50
Chinese languages 679,170 319,635 359,530 90 40 50
Cantonese 341,875 159,280 182,600 30 15 15
Hakka 7,865 3,445 4,420 0 10 0
Mandarin 385,395 179,890 205,510 30 10 20
Min Dong 810 330 480 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 16,980 7,650 9,330 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,305 3,860 4,440 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,455 7,710 8,745 30 10 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,460 5,200 5,260 0 0 0
Burmese 2,215 1,055 1,165 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,820 905 920 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,695 2,845 2,850 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,245 645 605 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 11,120 4,945 6,180 40 15 25
Lao 6,740 3,215 3,520 25 10 15
Thai 5,195 2,065 3,135 20 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages 33,335 17,310 16,025 25 10 10
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,710 1,550 0 0 0
Turkish 27,850 14,510 13,340 10 10 10
Uyghur 700 350 345 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,405 700 705 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 915 450 465 10 0 10
Uralic languages 58,370 27,060 31,310 35 25 10
Estonian 4,785 2,155 2,625 0 0 0
Finnish 11,145 4,865 6,280 15 10 10
Hungarian 42,545 20,070 22,480 20 20 10
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,950 1,725 10 10 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 91,550 45,825 45,720
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705 84,860 42,420 42,445
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255 24,000 12,470 11,525
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445 60,865 29,945 30,920
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,019,095 484,880 534,215 6,685 3,410 3,280
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 91,545 45,825 45,725
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545 77,505 38,725 38,775
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 13,250 6,650 6,595
Before 1981 1,077,745 507,500 570,240 2,610 1,255 1,365
1981 to 1990 513,995 246,235 267,755 1,085 570 515
1991 to 2000 834,510 390,315 444,195 1,600 830 775
2001 to 2010 953,730 446,895 506,835 5,115 2,515 2,605
2001 to 2005 490,560 230,950 259,610 1,900 980 925
2006 to 2010 463,170 215,945 247,225 3,215 1,535 1,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 472,170 223,715 248,450 2,835 1,485 1,345
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 201,200 102,305 98,895 795 445 345
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485 13,250 6,650 6,600
Under 5 years 369,955 184,255 185,705 2,270 1,185 1,085
5 to 14 years 685,085 345,865 339,225 3,760 1,900 1,860
15 to 24 years 855,475 381,025 474,450 2,420 1,180 1,235
25 to 44 years 1,579,500 741,340 838,160 3,845 1,875 1,970
45 years and over 362,130 162,180 199,945 955 505 445
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 13,250 6,650 6,600
Americas 598,950 265,930 333,025 6,050 2,990 3,055
Brazil 14,705 6,700 8,010 10 0 0
Colombia 28,815 13,085 15,730 15 10 0
El Salvador 20,920 10,165 10,750 15 10 10
Guyana 79,745 35,325 44,420 10 10 0
Haiti 10,195 4,410 5,785 30 20 15
Jamaica 119,840 51,320 68,525 20 10 10
Mexico 30,075 13,895 16,185 4,355 2,210 2,145
Peru 10,550 4,660 5,895 10 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 52,810 23,515 29,300 15 0 10
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 109,005 47,170 61,830 620 225 395
Other places of birth in Americas 122,280 55,685 66,600 955 495 465
Europe 1,144,295 546,250 598,050 4,455 2,260 2,195
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,300 10,655 10,645 10 0 10
Croatia 27,330 13,495 13,835 10 0 0
France 13,385 6,310 7,070 105 60 50
Germany 63,460 29,685 33,775 2,020 1,000 1,015
Greece 36,575 18,225 18,350 0 0 0
Hungary 22,085 10,495 11,590 10 10 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15,275 7,415 7,860 25 15 10
Italy 157,815 78,510 79,305 10 10 10
Netherlands 47,400 23,910 23,490 265 140 125
Poland 96,000 43,155 52,845 50 30 15
Portugal 103,025 50,240 52,785 35 10 20
Romania 42,720 19,720 23,000 0 0 0
Russian Federation 42,980 18,540 24,440 1,025 510 520
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 23,695 11,610 12,085 0 0 0
Ukraine 39,945 18,150 21,795 260 145 120
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 264,125 125,730 138,390 405 205 200
Other places of birth in Europe 127,190 60,395 66,790 225 135 90
Africa 226,770 109,585 117,185 290 180 105
Algeria 2,925 1,480 1,450 0 0 0
Egypt 34,510 18,000 16,510 15 15 0
Ethiopia 15,570 7,230 8,340 35 25 10
Kenya 14,940 6,910 8,025 20 10 10
Morocco 5,485 2,690 2,795 10 10 0
Nigeria 20,630 10,285 10,345 40 30 15
Somalia 16,970