Census Profile, 2016 Census
Manitoba [Province] and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Manitoba

[Province]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Manitoba [Province]  Map : Manitoba [Province] Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,278,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,208,268  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 539,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 552,370.99  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,278,365 631,400 646,970 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 243,820 125,110 118,710 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 81,065 41,710 39,355 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 83,375 42,565 40,805 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 79,380 40,835 38,545 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 835,580 417,260 418,320 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 82,440 42,555 39,890 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 86,760 44,465 42,295 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 86,695 43,570 43,125 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 85,185 42,210 42,975 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 81,105 39,885 41,215 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 79,325 39,530 39,795 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 79,350 39,220 40,130 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 89,840 44,485 45,355 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 87,765 43,555 44,210 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 77,110 37,780 39,325 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 198,965 89,025 109,945 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 64,905 31,280 33,625 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 45,980 21,940 24,040 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 33,555 15,250 18,305 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 25,315 10,740 14,575 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 29,210 9,810 19,395 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 17,335 6,460 10,875 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 8,945 2,710 6,230 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 2,520 580 1,940 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 415 60 350 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.1 19.8 18.3 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 65.4 66.1 64.7 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.6 14.1 17.0 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.2 38.2 40.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.3 37.2 39.4 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 331,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 39,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 108,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 15,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 17,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 67,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 135,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 164,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 71,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 66,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 50,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 1,240,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,034,545 506,280 528,260 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 593,615 297,280 296,335 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 503,390 252,210 251,175 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 90,230 45,075 45,155 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 440,925 209,000 231,930 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 300,415 162,440 137,980 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 24,845 11,080 13,765 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 54,860 22,780 32,080 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 60,805 12,700 48,100 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 171,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 71,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 65,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 37,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 287,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 242,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 45,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 45,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 13,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 287,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 137,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 150,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 55,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 59,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 34,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 34,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 15,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 8,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 212,415 104,435 107,980 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 323,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 130,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 192,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 154,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,261,620 624,095 637,520 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 1,135,395 566,980 568,410 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,485 680 800 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 108,460 49,205 59,255 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 16,285 7,235 9,050 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,261,620 624,100 637,520 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 1,203,025 596,475 606,550 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 39,200 18,880 20,325 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 3,545 1,755 1,790 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 15,840 6,985 8,860 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 40,975 19,760 21,215 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.2 3.3 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,261,620 624,095 637,520 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 1,230,115 608,820 621,300 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 941,130 468,430 472,705 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 900,610 448,960 451,645 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 40,520 19,465 21,055 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 288,985 140,395 148,590 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 29,710 14,265 15,440 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 28,070 13,505 14,565 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 5 0 5 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,820 7,085 7,740 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 5 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 30 5 20 315 125 190
Plains Cree 70 25 40 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 745 305 440 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 65 20 40 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 13,915 6,725 7,195 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 5 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 13,235 6,410 6,825 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 6,730 3,180 3,550 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 6,505 3,235 3,265 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 815 375 445 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 815 380 440 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 810 375 435 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 80 20 60 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 65 20 45 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 80 40 40 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 5 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 630 305 330 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 630 305 325 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 5 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 259,280 126,130 133,155 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,700 5,580 5,120 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 40 25 15 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 35 15 10 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 1,750 875 875 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 155 85 70 805 455 350
Oromo 345 175 170 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,245 610 640 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 8,840 4,640 4,200 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 1,770 885 885 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 4,695 2,500 2,190 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 545 320 225 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 40 20 25 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 1,770 905 865 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,180 1,970 2,205 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 280 135 145 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 3,895 1,840 2,060 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 52,905 24,685 28,220 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 175 80 95 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 1,245 565 675 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 35 15 15 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 390 170 220 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 1,365 630 730 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 175 65 105 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 655 315 340 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 135 65 70 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 48,530 22,670 25,855 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 50 30 25 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 570 275 305 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 290 140 145 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 265 120 145 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 1,565 825 735 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 95 50 40 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 790 410 380 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 480 255 230 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 195 115 80 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 158,350 77,605 80,750 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 350 170 180 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 65 35 30 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 34,450 15,845 18,605 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 165 65 95 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 80 35 45 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 85 35 45 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 34,280 15,775 18,510 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 40 20 25 810 385 430
Bosnian 575 285 290 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 140 70 65 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 1,030 505 530 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 615 310 310 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 145 70 75 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 6,455 2,905 3,545 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 9,130 4,495 4,640 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 655 335 320 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 240 110 130 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 405 175 225 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 130 140 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 14,505 6,325 8,180 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 115 60 55 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 50 25 20 1,090 540 550
Welsh 60 30 30 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 68,670 33,310 35,360 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 420 220 205 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 280 145 135 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 2,675 1,335 1,335 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 55 30 25 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 63,825 30,940 32,890 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 475 210 260 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 115 45 65 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 135 70 70 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 310 125 180 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 355 175 180 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 525 280 240
Greek 1,285 665 615 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 32,325 17,135 15,195 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 29,520 15,700 13,820 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 1,170 675 495 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 3,115 1,660 1,455 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 2,270 1,215 1,060 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 5 5 5 565 300 265
Konkani 35 20 15 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 135 80 50 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 720 355 365 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 18,320 9,650 8,670 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 60 30 30 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 670 345 320 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 3,015 1,655 1,355 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 2,705 1,365 1,335 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 415 210 200 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 275 130 150 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 2,020 1,030 990 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 60 40 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 21,100 10,385 10,710 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 5 865 440 425
Italian 3,840 1,910 1,930 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 6,585 3,190 3,390 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 645 310 335 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 10,005 4,965 5,040 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 720 380 340
Japanese 540 185 350 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 1,715 910 805
Georgian 15 5 5 1,715 910 805
Korean 3,760 1,810 1,950 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 20 5 15 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 3,895 1,965 1,930 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 150 90 65 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 75 25 45 1,535 815 720
Edo 40 20 15 1,670 770 900
Ewe 30 20 10 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 65 35 30 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 15 10 5 920 445 470
Ganda 50 20 30 1,295 625 665
Igbo 280 155 130 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 75 30 40 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 60 65 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 250 125 120 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 110 50 60 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 870 420 455 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 75 50 25 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 1,030 525 505 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 640 315 325 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 395 215 180 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 175 90 80 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 225 125 100 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 440 230 210 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 240 125 115 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 100 95 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,880 9,320 9,565 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 18,305 9,025 9,280 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 6,625 3,140 3,485 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 55 30 25 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 10,170 5,110 5,060 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 5 5 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 325 150 165 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 55 50 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 530 475 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 575 295 285 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 85 50 30 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 430 215 220 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 10 5 5 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 1,120 525 595 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 875 445 430 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 240 85 165 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 340 190 150 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 30 20 15 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 210 120 95 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 10 5 10 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 40 25 15 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 1,440 655 790 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 30 10 15 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 225 85 135 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 1,185 550 635 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 31,505 15,280 16,220 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 4,365 2,140 2,230 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 25,965 12,530 13,440 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 695 380 315 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 470 230 245 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,261,620 624,100 637,520 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 1,197,145 593,020 604,120 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 1,052,345 521,280 531,065 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 1,035,475 513,465 522,010 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 16,865 7,815 9,055 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 144,800 71,740 73,060 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 15,770 8,020 7,750 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 15,070 7,675 7,390 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 7,570 3,860 3,715 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 10 5 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 10 5 5 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 120 45 75 330 140 190
Woods Cree 15 10 5 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 7,415 3,790 3,620 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 7,495 3,820 3,675 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 2,505 1,280 1,225 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 4,990 2,545 2,455 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 635 305 330 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 635 305 330 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 630 305 330 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 15 5 10 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 10 5 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 10 5 10 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 35 25 10 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 35 25 10 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 129,035 63,725 65,310 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,875 3,475 3,400 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 20 15 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 15 10 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 1,185 550 630 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 120 65 55 620 330 285
Oromo 210 95 115 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 845 385 460 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 5,650 2,895 2,750 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 1,045 520 525 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 3,105 1,600 1,505 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 355 195 160 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 10 5 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 1,135 580 555 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,900 1,370 1,530 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 70 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 2,775 1,315 1,460 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 27,215 13,065 14,155 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 30 15 15 290 140 155
Cebuano 495 250 245 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 15 5 10 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 125 55 75 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 390 190 200 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 55 25 30 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 245 120 130 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 30 15 15 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25,790 12,375 13,420 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 290 120 165 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 165 75 85 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 800 400 400 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 45 25 25 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 405 195 205 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 240 120 120 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 110 60 50 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 70,820 35,325 35,495 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 155 80 75 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 20 10 5 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 11,685 5,670 6,015 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 25 10 15 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 15 5 5 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 10 5 5 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 11,660 5,660 6,000 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 5 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 285 145 140 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 65 30 30 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 320 145 180 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 115 55 60 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 85 35 45 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 2,010 910 1,105 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 5,530 2,780 2,745 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 335 170 170 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 70 35 35 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 20 30 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 2,690 1,285 1,405 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 670 310 360
Celtic languages 20 15 10 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 10 5 5 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 25,825 12,700 13,125 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 200 100 100 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 10 5 5 855 410 445
Dutch 270 135 130 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 10 5 5 185 95 90
German 24,795 12,185 12,615 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 35 15 20 270 120 150
Norwegian 10 5 5 345 145 200
Swedish 10 5 5 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 355 170 185
Yiddish 10 5 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 465 240 225 1,625 820 810
Greek 535 255 280 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 22,810 11,920 10,890 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 21,010 11,055 9,950 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 690 390 305 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 2,100 1,095 1,005 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 1,335 715 620 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 10 5 5 720 355 370
Marathi 40 25 20 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 540 265 280 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 14,000 7,330 6,670 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 30 10 15 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 360 190 170 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 1,895 1,035 860 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 1,755 835 920 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 275 135 140 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 165 70 95 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 1,315 635 685 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 9,765 4,670 5,090 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 1,035 450 590 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 2,800 1,305 1,500 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 235 110 125 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 5,695 2,810 2,885 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 175 75 105 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 10 5 5 1,035 565 475
Korean 2,915 1,430 1,490 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 910 440 470
Mongolian 5 5 5 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 1,410 695 720 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 45 30 20 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 15 5 5 340 180 160
Edo 5 5 0 415 175 240
Ewe 5 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 15 15 825 400 425
Ga 5 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 5 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 75 40 35 1,000 485 510
Lingala 40 20 20 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 35 35 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 55 50 1,530 670 865
Shona 10 5 10 1,035 475 560
Swahili 500 240 265 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 25 20 10 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 345 175 170 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 125 50 75 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 60 70 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 80 35 45 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 560 310 255 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 255 135 120 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 305 170 135 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,910 6,920 6,985 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 13,445 6,685 6,765 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 4,455 2,105 2,350 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 25 10 15 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 8,080 4,105 3,975 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 5 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 135 65 70 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 675 365 315 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 465 235 225 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 55 30 25 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 370 190 180 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 5 0 5 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 535 250 280 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 430 210 220 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 105 40 65 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 135 70 65 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 10 5 10 1,245 640 610
Turkish 65 35 35 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 35 20 15 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 455 230 225
Uralic languages 305 140 165 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 35 15 15 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 270 125 145 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 64,475 31,080 33,400 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 3,090 1,440 1,645 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 60,090 28,995 31,090 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 415 215 205 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 885 420 455 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,261,615 624,095 637,520 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 1,079,050 535,990 543,065 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 76,350 37,795 38,550 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 20,200 9,130 11,075 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 83,315 39,860 43,455 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 16,105 7,590 8,515 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 67,215 32,275 34,940 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 305 150 150 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 1,610 815 790 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 770 345 420 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,001,305 491,590 509,715 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 954,035 467,790 486,250 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,188 40,379 29,220 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 954,205 467,820 486,390 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,465 35,150 26,561 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 859,545 431,145 428,400 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,592 39,229 26,692 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 701,840 309,530 392,310 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,268 1,890 5,434 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 722,785 374,850 347,935 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,677 39,365 28,679 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,001,305 491,580 509,725 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 953,960 467,575 486,385 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,767 51,068 36,747 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 954,175 467,605 486,565 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,957 41,013 31,097 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 859,575 431,035 428,540 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,776 50,803 34,704 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 701,830 308,940 392,890 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,099 6,411 7,640 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 722,785 374,535 348,250 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,551 49,417 35,168 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,001,310 491,580 509,725 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 350,580 201,335 149,245 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,026 54,580 44,818 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,523 65,410 51,581 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.0 91.7 83.1 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.6 77.4 68.6 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.0 8.3 16.9 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,001,310 491,585 509,720 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 47,270 23,800 23,470 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 954,040 467,790 486,245 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.2 95.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 137,700 62,550 75,150 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 150,320 58,320 91,995 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 136,510 54,950 81,560 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 123,685 55,805 67,885 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 109,710 54,650 55,060 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 80,625 45,170 35,460 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 58,785 35,250 23,535 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 43,365 26,465 16,895 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 34,000 20,100 13,905 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 21,980 13,545 8,440 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 57,355 40,985 16,370 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 40,870 28,585 12,285 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 16,490 12,395 4,090 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,001,305 491,585 509,720 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 47,100 23,770 23,330 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 954,205 467,820 486,390 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.2 95.4 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 142,035 63,525 78,510 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 161,865 63,410 98,460 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 165,880 68,985 96,895 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 153,680 73,335 80,350 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 116,415 63,755 52,660 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 78,105 46,940 31,160 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 53,870 32,165 21,705 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 31,690 19,680 12,010 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 50,655 36,025 14,630 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 18,025 12,260 5,760 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 10,325 7,305 3,015 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 22,305 16,460 5,850 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,001,305 491,590 509,720 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 278,525 116,740 161,775 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 722,785 374,845 347,940 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 72.2 76.3 68.3 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 90,045 42,675 47,375 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 54,560 23,875 30,690 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 94,460 41,920 52,535 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 89,540 39,650 49,895 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 88,340 41,905 46,440 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 77,755 40,205 37,550 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 58,900 34,355 24,550 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 44,085 27,115 16,970 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 34,450 21,375 13,075 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 90,650 61,780 28,865 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 28,365 16,860 11,505 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 17,635 11,355 6,275 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 44,650 33,560 11,095 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,147  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,093  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 353,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,532  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,154  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 135,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 353,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,044  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 9,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 21,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 19,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 21,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 21,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 21,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 40,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 37,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 34,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 31,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 27,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 144,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 52,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 34,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 34,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 22,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 9,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 24,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 26,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 25,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 25,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 48,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 44,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 38,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 32,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 26,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 97,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 26,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 341,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 127,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 150,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,902  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 52,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 341,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 127,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,583  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,743  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 150,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 52,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 175,270 86,935 88,335 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,927 35,568 30,818 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,429 31,130 28,062 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 174,945 86,380 88,565 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,853 43,332 38,434 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,961 35,291 32,663 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,240,700 614,440 626,260 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 687,930 332,640 355,290 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 151,750 74,825 76,930 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 135,485 62,035 73,450 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 135,395 64,805 70,590 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 132,755 65,185 67,575 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 132,540 65,790 66,750 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 552,770 281,805 270,965 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 127,575 64,305 63,265 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 123,505 62,770 60,735 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 116,805 59,460 57,350 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 104,820 53,835 50,980 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 80,070 41,435 38,640 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,175,720 581,585 594,135 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 260,905 134,075 126,830 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 85,935 44,240 41,695 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 737,035 365,965 371,070 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 177,780 81,540 96,235 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 180,880 85,185 95,690 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 57,185 29,390 27,790 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 21,325 10,970 10,355 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 98,920 46,630 52,285 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 24,785 9,165 15,615 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.4 14.6 16.1 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 21.9 21.9 21.9 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 24.8 24.8 24.8 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.4 12.7 14.1 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 13.9 11.2 16.2 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 115,965 56,255 59,705 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 33,260 17,040 16,220 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 12,310 6,325 5,985 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 73,655 35,895 37,760 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 9,045 3,325 5,725 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.9 9.7 10.0 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.7 12.7 12.8 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 14.3 14.4 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 9.8 10.2 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,240,700 614,440 626,260 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 1,224,985 607,375 617,605 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 1,223,665 606,760 616,905 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 108,560 49,435 59,130 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 340,250 165,150 175,100 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 40,465 19,410 21,050 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 38,305 18,375 19,930 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 10 0 10 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 20,975 10,025 10,955 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 10 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 85 25 55 545 225 320
Plains Cree 190 90 100 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 1,140 505 640 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 130 65 65 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 19,435 9,340 10,095 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 10 10 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 17,710 8,520 9,185 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 10 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 9,685 4,560 5,125 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 8,045 3,975 4,070 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 1,120 525 595 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,110 520 590 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 1,110 520 595 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 110 55 55 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 80 35 45 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 15 10 10 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 210 115 95 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 10 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 10 0 10 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 760 365 395 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 760 360 400 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 10 0 10 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 0 10 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 15 20 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 299,900 145,795 154,110 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,730 8,320 7,410 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 85 50 40 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 45 25 20 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 50 35 10 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 2,300 1,195 1,105 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 210 120 85 1,085 625 470
Oromo 535 275 260 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 1,550 790 760 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 10 480 220 265
Semitic languages 13,685 7,300 6,390 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 2,475 1,370 1,105 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 6,650 3,590 3,055 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 10 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 3,370 1,735 1,635 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 65 30 35 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 2,225 1,175 1,050 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 80 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,230 2,545 2,685 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 335 185 150 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 4,905 2,370 2,535 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 65,305 30,220 35,090 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 225 100 125 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 1,615 805 810 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 65 35 30 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 425 180 245 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 1,875 880 990 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 375 180 195 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 945 415 530 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 205 100 110 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 64,165 29,640 34,520 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 115 55 55 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 200 80 120 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 1,310 605 705 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 635 310 315 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 680 305 375 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 1,840 945 895 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 175 95 80 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 830 400 430 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 655 330 325 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 255 150 110 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 175,950 86,435 89,510 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 390 195 195 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 65 50 15 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 39,530 18,780 20,745 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 230 90 140 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 115 45 70 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 120 50 65 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 39,360 18,720 20,640 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 65 25 45 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 835 405 430 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 155 95 60 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 1,595 765 825 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 735 335 395 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 140 75 60 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 7,655 3,625 4,035 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 13,455 6,715 6,740 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 870 470 400 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 190 75 115 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 480 215 260 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 275 100 175 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 17,095 7,795 9,305 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 225 125 100 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 90 65 25 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 90 45 45 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 68,285 33,250 35,035 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 715 330 385 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 270 120 150 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 3,120 1,555 1,565 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 90 65 30 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 61,760 30,170 31,600 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 560 225 335 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 290 115 175 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 270 125 150 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 270 120 155 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 545 235 315 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,490 1,285 1,205 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 2,010 1,015 1,000 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 38,760 20,480 18,280 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 35,830 18,990 16,835 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 1,520 885 635 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 3,905 2,065 1,840 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 12,900 6,900 6,000 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 20 15 10 905 490 420
Konkani 40 30 10 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 275 170 105 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 600 285 315 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 22,900 12,035 10,865 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 150 85 65 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 920 500 420 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 4,600 2,540 2,060 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 3,035 1,525 1,515 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 600 295 305 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 290 135 150 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 2,295 1,175 1,120 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 230 125 105 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 34,360 16,630 17,735 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 15 10 10 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 5,350 2,610 2,735 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 8,460 4,125 4,335 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 785 395 390 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 20,605 9,910 10,695 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 45 15 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 1,160 550 605 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 10 0 15 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 15 0 15 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 4,240 2,100 2,145 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 55 20 35 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 55 20 30 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 7,970 4,125 3,845 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 260 165 95 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 160 95 65 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 95 60 30 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 50 30 20 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 25 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 30 10 15 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 230 110 120 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 665 345 325 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 655 315 345 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 205 105 105 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 305 155 155 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 250 110 140 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 1,930 1,020 905 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 150 85 70 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 2,630 1,330 1,295 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,440 765 680 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 410 225 185 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 180 105 75 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 225 120 105 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 2,670 985 1,685 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 1,710 625 1,090 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 975 365 610 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,130 10,490 10,650 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 20,475 10,185 10,285 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 8,310 3,920 4,390 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 50 30 20 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 12,825 6,460 6,365 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 480 230 250 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 185 95 85 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,115 600 510 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 675 310 370 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 185 115 70 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 465 200 265 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 145 60 80 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,565 730 835 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 1,120 520 600 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 575 270 305 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 510 250 265 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 365 180 185 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 30 15 10 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 40 20 15 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 1,550 730 815 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 45 20 25 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 265 105 160 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 1,235 600 635 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 445 290 150 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,240,700 614,440 626,260 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,133,080 560,165 572,920 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 266,225 136,640 129,585 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 866,855 423,520 443,335 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 107,620 54,280 53,340 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,240,700 614,445 626,255 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 996,860 494,285 502,570 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 227,465 111,095 116,365 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 50,025 23,340 26,680 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 20,205 10,190 10,010 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 23,040 11,165 11,875 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 70,985 35,305 35,680 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 22,570 11,195 11,370 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 48,415 24,110 24,305 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 63,210 31,095 32,120 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 16,375 9,055 7,320 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 227,470 111,100 116,370 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 25,595 12,975 12,625 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 45,570 23,305 22,265 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 44,585 20,820 23,770 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 93,700 45,160 48,540 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 18,010 8,845 9,170 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 227,465 111,095 116,365 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 31,980 15,285 16,700 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 435 170 265 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 1,050 510 545 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 2,480 1,325 1,155 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 1,135 515 620 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 155 75 80 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 1,810 835 970 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 6,655 3,330 3,320 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 235 85 150 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,505 785 720 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,100 3,100 4,000 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 9,425 4,550 4,875 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 56,705 27,815 28,890 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,055 530 525 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 975 445 535 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 795 425 365 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 10,390 5,215 5,175 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 820 445 375 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 815 435 375 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 650 310 340 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 2,755 1,405 1,350 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 2,250 1,185 1,060 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 5,280 2,455 2,820 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 4,380 2,170 2,210 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 720 345 375 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 4,245 2,035 2,210 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 355 175 175 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 4,765 2,250 2,515 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,665 5,655 6,015 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 4,790 2,325 2,470 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 17,975 9,495 8,485 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 115 60 55 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 980 525 455 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 2,525 1,360 1,165 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 935 470 465 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 250 140 110 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 3,820 2,070 1,750 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 755 350 415 27,230 12,070 15,160