Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saskatchewan [Province] and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saskatchewan

[Province]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : Saskatchewan [Province] Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,098,352  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,033,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 495,582  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 432,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 588,243.54  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,098,350 545,785 552,565 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 215,685 110,410 105,275 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 73,130 37,335 35,795 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 74,460 38,155 36,305 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 68,095 34,920 33,175 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 712,240 358,110 354,130 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 67,660 34,675 32,980 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 70,060 36,075 33,985 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 77,525 39,290 38,235 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 77,520 38,610 38,915 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 71,590 35,940 35,650 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 64,950 32,515 32,440 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 63,580 31,780 31,795 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 75,245 37,230 38,015 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 76,195 38,070 38,125 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 67,915 33,935 33,985 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 170,425 77,265 93,160 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 53,230 26,285 26,945 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 37,740 18,225 19,510 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 29,400 13,415 15,985 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 23,115 9,945 13,170 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 26,940 9,395 17,550 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 16,280 6,305 9,975 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 8,000 2,515 5,485 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 2,290 520 1,760 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 375 50 325 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.6 20.2 19.1 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 64.8 65.6 64.1 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.5 14.2 16.9 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.1 38.2 40.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 37.8 36.9 38.7 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 314,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 98,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 12,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 18,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 57,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 9,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 153,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 60,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 56,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 41,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 1,070,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 882,670 435,375 447,290 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 520,430 261,075 259,355 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 437,875 219,800 218,075 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 82,550 41,270 41,280 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 362,240 174,310 187,930 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 242,070 133,750 108,325 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 19,795 8,945 10,855 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 47,180 20,985 26,200 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 53,190 10,635 42,555 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 157,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 58,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 54,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 32,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 252,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 211,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 41,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 49,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 38,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 11,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 252,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 129,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 123,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 45,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 49,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 29,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 49,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 28,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 13,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 8,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 187,765 95,550 92,210 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 285,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 124,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 161,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 138,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,083,240 539,100 544,130 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 1,023,400 511,940 511,460 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 535 255 280 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 51,360 23,290 28,065 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 7,945 3,620 4,325 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,083,240 539,105 544,135 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 1,060,225 528,155 532,075 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 13,555 6,590 6,960 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 1,770 890 885 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 7,685 3,475 4,220 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 14,435 7,035 7,405 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,083,240 539,105 544,135 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 1,064,675 530,145 534,530 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 907,715 452,955 454,760 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 892,615 445,635 446,985 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 15,100 7,320 7,775 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 156,960 77,195 79,770 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 28,340 13,685 14,660 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 19,965 9,640 10,325 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 10 5 5 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 19,015 9,190 9,825 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 5 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 5 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 30 15 10 315 125 190
Plains Cree 2,080 975 1,105 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 5 5 5 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 250 115 135 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 780 370 410 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 15,860 7,710 8,155 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 935 445 490 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 925 440 485 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 7,860 3,800 4,060 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 7,860 3,805 4,055 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 7,855 3,800 4,055 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 35 10 20 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 20 10 15 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 5 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 235 110 125 465 230 235
Salish languages 5 5 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 5 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 5 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 230 110 120 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 195 85 105 1,215 570 635
Stoney 5 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 5 5 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 128,620 63,510 65,110 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,770 3,560 3,215 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 10 5 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 5 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 1,050 505 545 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 55 25 30 805 455 350
Oromo 195 100 90 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 775 355 415 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 365 195 170
Semitic languages 5,685 3,035 2,650 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 290 140 155 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 4,040 2,200 1,840 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 305 160 145 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 5 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 75 45 30 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 10 5 5 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 680 340 340 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,560 1,250 1,305 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 70 70 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 2,420 1,180 1,235 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 23,415 11,130 12,280 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 85 40 40 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 1,545 685 855 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 25 20 5 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 255 120 140 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 790 370 415 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 125 55 70 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 175 80 95 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 40 15 25 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,045 9,590 10,455 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 60 30 35 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 265 125 140 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 220 105 120 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 150 70 80 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 1,560 865 700 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 60 35 30 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 850 455 395 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 350 200 150 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 285 165 120 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 73,170 36,230 36,930 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 380 190 190 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 70 40 30 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 18,460 8,490 9,970 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 175 85 90 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 100 45 50 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 75 40 35 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 18,285 8,400 9,885 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 225 110 120 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 65 35 30 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 455 240 220 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 235 115 125 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 55 30 30 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 1,865 850 1,015 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 3,045 1,460 1,580 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 465 235 225 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 120 60 65 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 115 60 55 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 40 45 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 11,270 5,035 6,230 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 290 145 145 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 60 30 30 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 30 10 15 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 24,455 11,710 12,745 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 880 450 430 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 255 145 110 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 1,385 685 700 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 30 20 10 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 21,320 10,150 11,170 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 55 20 25 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 310 140 165 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 150 60 90 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 25 35 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 25 10 10 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 525 280 240
Greek 935 490 445 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 22,335 12,065 10,270 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 19,995 10,780 9,210 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 2,795 1,495 1,300 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 2,510 1,420 1,090 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 1,545 880 665 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 20 10 10 565 300 265
Konkani 35 15 10 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 140 80 55 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 770 400 370 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 10 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,250 2,890 2,360 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 120 65 55 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 270 130 135 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 6,520 3,380 3,135 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 2,065 1,130 940 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 145 80 65 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 555 315 235 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 1,370 735 635 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 155 120 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 6,470 3,225 3,250 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 5 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 705 365 340 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 615 265 350 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 850 425 430 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 4,290 2,165 2,125 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 720 380 340
Japanese 320 100 220 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 1,715 910 805
Georgian 5 0 5 1,715 910 805
Korean 1,670 800 865 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 40 20 25 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 40 20 25 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 2,310 1,235 1,075 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 190 115 75 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 35 20 15 1,670 770 900
Ewe 50 30 20 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 5 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 20 15 5 920 445 470
Ganda 35 15 20 1,295 625 665
Igbo 215 125 90 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 30 20 15 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 145 85 65 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 55 60 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 90 55 40 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 425 220 205 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 20 10 10 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 465 240 220 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 430 220 215 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 335 195 140 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 115 70 45 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 120 100 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 200 100 100 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 65 35 35 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 70 65 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,500 6,700 6,795 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 12,460 6,165 6,290 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 3,775 1,830 1,950 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 35 20 15 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 7,230 3,600 3,630 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 5 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 210 110 100 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 25 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,135 570 565 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,040 530 505 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 180 115 65 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 810 395 415 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 15 5 10 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 525 235 290 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 345 175 170 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 180 55 125 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 360 185 175 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 25 10 10 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 290 155 130 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 5 0 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 30 5 15 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 1,555 735 820 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 20 10 10 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 205 85 120 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 1,330 650 685 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 18,560 8,955 9,605 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 2,045 985 1,060 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 15,925 7,675 8,245 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 315 150 165 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 280 145 135 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,083,240 539,100 544,130 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 1,049,130 522,390 526,740 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 968,625 481,845 486,780 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 964,640 479,915 484,730 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 3,985 1,930 2,050 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 80,505 40,540 39,960 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 16,605 8,355 8,245 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 10,145 5,185 4,960 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 10,000 5,105 4,895 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 1,195 580 610 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 95 40 55 330 140 190
Woods Cree 180 100 85 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 8,525 4,380 4,145 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 140 75 65 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 145 80 70 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 6,360 3,130 3,235 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 6,365 3,130 3,230 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 6,360 3,130 3,230 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 5 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 45 20 25 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 50 25 20 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 35 15 10 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 63,905 32,185 31,720 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,625 2,340 2,290 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 5 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 720 335 380 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 30 15 15 620 330 285
Oromo 140 75 70 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 530 245 290 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 3,900 1,995 1,905 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 150 75 70 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 2,890 1,500 1,390 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 225 105 120 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 115 60 55 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 25 10 15 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 430 205 220 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,740 850 895 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 20 25 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 1,700 830 865 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 12,515 6,210 6,300 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 15 5 10 290 140 155
Cebuano 580 280 295 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 110 60 50 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 240 115 120 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 35 20 15 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 35 35 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 10 5 5 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,345 5,630 5,715 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 95 35 65 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 40 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 845 440 410 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 20 10 10 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 525 265 260 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 155 90 65 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 145 75 70 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 31,235 15,915 15,325 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 205 100 100 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 45 25 20 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 5,170 2,560 2,610 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 80 35 45 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 40 20 20 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 40 15 25 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 5,090 2,525 2,560 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 85 45 40 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 35 20 15 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 170 85 85 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 30 20 15 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 35 15 15 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 480 220 255 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 1,725 875 840 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 270 140 130 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 25 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 30 15 15 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 2,010 985 1,025 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 5 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 185 105 80
Welsh 5 0 5 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 8,110 3,990 4,120 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 530 275 250 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 10 5 0 855 410 445
Dutch 200 110 95 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 0 0 185 95 90
German 7,290 3,565 3,725 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 10 5 10 345 145 200
Swedish 10 5 10 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 5 0 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,625 820 810
Greek 395 190 205 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 14,385 7,560 6,825 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 12,960 6,820 6,140 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 1,915 980 930 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 1,585 865 720 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 880 490 390 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 5 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 10 5 5 720 355 370
Marathi 55 30 30 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 570 290 275 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,485 1,885 1,605 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 55 25 25 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 70 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 4,265 2,180 2,080 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 1,280 660 615 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 65 40 30 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 345 185 160 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 865 435 430 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 65 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,920 1,480 1,435 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 155 80 75 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 220 100 115 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 315 165 150 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 2,220 1,130 1,085 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 180 85 95
Japanese 120 45 75 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 1,180 590 595 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 910 440 470
Mongolian 25 10 10 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 735 350 380 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 55 30 25 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 10 0 5 415 175 240
Ewe 5 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 10 5 5 345 160 185
Igbo 40 15 20 1,000 485 510
Lingala 15 10 10 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 85 45 40 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 25 1,530 670 865
Shona 35 25 15 1,035 475 560
Swahili 200 90 110 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 5 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 115 55 55 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 65 70 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 65 30 30 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 285 175 105 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 50 30 20 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 230 150 85 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,700 4,835 4,865 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 8,925 4,450 4,475 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 2,400 1,140 1,265 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 5 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 5,645 2,865 2,780 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 45 35 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 760 385 380 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 775 380 395 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 115 65 55 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 640 310 335 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 10 0 5 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 190 85 105 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 125 60 60 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 70 25 45 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 195 100 95 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 1,245 640 610
Turkish 170 90 85 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 10 5 10 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 455 230 225
Uralic languages 240 125 120 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 10 0 5 975 365 610
Finnish 15 10 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 215 110 105 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 34,110 16,720 17,395 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 1,210 575 635 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 32,250 15,810 16,435 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 150 85 70 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 495 250 250 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,083,235 539,100 544,130 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 983,935 490,490 493,450 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 41,920 21,045 20,875 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 9,340 4,085 5,255 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 46,495 22,705 23,785 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 13,490 6,445 7,050 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 33,005 16,265 16,740 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 170 85 85 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 860 440 420 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 495 245 255 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 857,270 424,245 433,025 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 822,620 407,715 414,905 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,299 46,117 31,978 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 822,745 407,730 415,015 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,570 40,492 29,564 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 750,515 378,290 372,225 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,883 45,587 29,314 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 550,165 236,760 313,405 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,340 4,200 5,870 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 636,955 331,975 304,970 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,612 44,551 30,027 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 857,300 424,265 433,030 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,545 407,840 414,705 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,409 58,791 40,184 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,655 407,855 414,800 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,933 47,453 34,523 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 750,475 378,445 372,035 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,491 58,779 38,026 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 549,500 236,590 312,910 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,734 7,322 8,045 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 636,950 331,745 305,205 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,853 55,728 37,207 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 857,295 424,260 433,030 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 302,780 173,250 129,525 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,368 62,070 48,579 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,855 72,366 54,808 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.5 92.8 84.8 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.2 76.8 68.0 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.5 7.2 15.2 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 857,270 424,245 433,025 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 34,645 16,530 18,120 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 822,620 407,715 414,905 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 105,780 47,325 58,455 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 118,380 46,195 72,180 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 107,890 42,345 65,545 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 95,605 41,315 54,295 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 89,285 42,260 47,025 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 70,395 36,950 33,450 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 53,855 31,055 22,795 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 41,930 25,290 16,645 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 34,305 20,750 13,560 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 26,165 16,100 10,060 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 79,030 58,125 20,905 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 56,160 40,025 16,140 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 22,870 18,100 4,770 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 857,270 424,245 433,025 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 34,520 16,515 18,010 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 822,745 407,730 415,015 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 108,310 48,150 60,160 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 123,690 48,420 75,275 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 125,285 50,160 75,125 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 119,460 54,365 65,100 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 103,250 52,900 50,350 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 73,855 42,315 31,540 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 53,925 32,645 21,280 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 38,615 23,385 15,235 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 76,345 55,395 20,950 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 24,935 16,370 8,560 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 16,260 11,815 4,445 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 35,155 27,210 7,945 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 857,270 424,245 433,025 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 220,320 92,270 128,055 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 636,950 331,980 304,970 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 74.3 78.3 70.4 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 82,210 38,805 43,410 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 46,620 20,310 26,310 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 77,480 33,900 43,575 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 68,175 29,285 38,885 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 66,120 29,825 36,295 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 61,800 29,930 31,870 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 51,075 27,565 23,510 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 39,805 23,605 16,195 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 32,265 20,015 12,255 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 111,405 78,745 32,665 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 28,240 17,220 11,020 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 21,415 13,645 7,770 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 61,750 47,885 13,870 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 311,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 121,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 311,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 17,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 17,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 16,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 23,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 154,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 48,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 35,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 40,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 30,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 20,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 20,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 20,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 32,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 114,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 47,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 29,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 36,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 299,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 122,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 124,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,656  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 44,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,749  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 299,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,031  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 123,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,889  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 124,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,718  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 44,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 161,805 82,400 79,405 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,875 40,000 32,247 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,415 35,306 29,777 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 161,560 82,510 79,050 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,756 49,739 41,598 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,229 40,766 35,581 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,070,555 533,385 537,175 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 506,055 243,040 263,010 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 111,770 55,530 56,245 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 104,900 46,610 58,285 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 94,035 44,535 49,500 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 96,045 47,015 49,030 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 99,300 49,350 49,950 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 564,505 290,345 274,160 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 104,200 52,705 51,495 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 109,400 55,670 53,725 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 115,215 59,255 55,965 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 121,965 62,875 59,085 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 113,730 59,840 53,885 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,014,605 505,225 509,380 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 230,205 117,925 112,275 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 79,345 40,700 38,645 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 631,280 316,125 315,155 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 153,120 71,180 81,950 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 130,220 60,375 69,845 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 41,010 20,960 20,050 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 15,420 7,850 7,575 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 67,080 31,315 35,765 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 22,130 8,100 14,025 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.0 13.7 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.9 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.4 19.3 19.6 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 9.9 11.3 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 14.5 11.4 17.1 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 59,440 29,890 29,545 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 17,870 9,140 8,735 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 7,005 3,540 3,465 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 38,775 19,470 19,305 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 2,795 1,280 1,510 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.9 5.9 5.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.8 7.8 7.8 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 8.7 9.0 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.2 6.1 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.8 1.8 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,070,560 533,385 537,175 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 1,062,885 529,920 532,965 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 1,062,275 529,630 532,645 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 51,325 23,600 27,725 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 187,450 91,805 95,645 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 38,110 18,390 19,720 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 28,270 13,675 14,590 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 10 10 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 27,065 13,115 13,950 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 40 30 15 545 225 320
Plains Cree 3,665 1,770 1,900 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 470 185 285 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 1,260 570 695 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 21,870 10,695 11,175 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,310 620 695 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 1,300 610 690 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 9,120 4,350 4,770 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 9,105 4,345 4,760 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 9,105 4,350 4,755 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 10 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 85 35 50
Haida 10 0 10 465 205 260
Inuit languages 10 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 10 10 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 0 10 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 505 240 260 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 510 255 250 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 415 205 210 1,760 870 890
Stoney 10 10 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 20 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 149,475 73,470 76,000 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,595 4,585 4,015 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 40 35 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 10 10 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 1,305 620 690 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 85 40 45 1,085 625 470
Oromo 160 70 90 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 1,090 520 570 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 7,500 4,075 3,425 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 545 255 290 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 5,605 3,165 2,435 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 505 240 265 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 195 95 100 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 470 245 230 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 705 350 355 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 245 120 125 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,315 1,685 1,635 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 210 105 105 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 3,105 1,580 1,525 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 29,705 14,065 15,640 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 90 30 55 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 2,115 945 1,170 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 20 10 10 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 285 130 150 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 785 365 415 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 10 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 215 95 115 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 265 130 135 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 45 25 20 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,655 13,575 15,080 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 35 25 10 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 300 145 155 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 495 230 270 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 240 95 145 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 250 125 120 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 2,190 1,205 980 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 115 65 55 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 1,170 625 540 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 635 345 290 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 435 270 165 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 81,985 40,685 41,300 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 560 275 285 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 115 65 45 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 20,395 9,470 10,925 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 225 120 110 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 135 60 70 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 95 60 35 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 20,265 9,400 10,860 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 20 0 15 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 325 155 165 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 75 40 35 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 605 355 250 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 300 155 150 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 65 35 35 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 2,185 1,040 1,145 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 5,275 2,585 2,690 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 790 410 385 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 80 30 50 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 125 85 40 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 50 50 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 13,090 5,770 7,325 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 345 205 140 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 165 105 65 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 55 35 25 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 50 30 20 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70 45 20 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 21,275 10,435 10,840 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 1,455 750 705 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 320 195 125 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 1,510 720 790 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 25 15 15 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 17,390 8,525 8,870 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 70 40 30 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 415 180 235 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 230 95 130 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 25 50 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 75 35 30 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 265 135 125 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 1,470 725 745 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 27,395 14,650 12,740 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 25,355 13,530 11,825 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 3,520 1,895 1,620 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 3,320 1,760 1,555 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 8,040 4,480 3,560 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 40 25 20 905 490 420
Konkani 40 30 15 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 185 120 70 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 835 435 400 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 25 15 10 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,300 4,635 3,665 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 180 105 75 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 355 205 150 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 9,455 4,815 4,635 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 2,285 1,240 1,040 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 145 90 60 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 555 315 240 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 1,630 870 760 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 135 140 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 12,660 6,085 6,570 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 10 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 1,360 670 690 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 885 380 505 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 1,105 525 575 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 9,605 4,635 4,965 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 1,205 540 665 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 15 0 15 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 15 0 10 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 1,930 850 1,080 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 55 20 30 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 60 25 30 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 4,125 2,245 1,885 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 355 185 170 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 10 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 20 0 20 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 100 45 55 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 45 15 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 45 25 15 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 20 10 10 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 625 325 300 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 140 70 65 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 150 130 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 65 55 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 150 90 55 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 950 570 380 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 40 25 15 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 965 470 495 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 815 480 335 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 300 150 145 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 100 65 40 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 195 90 105 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 1,565 585 985 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 650 215 435 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 915 365 545 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,580 7,115 7,470 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 13,630 6,625 7,005 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 4,675 2,245 2,435 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 30 10 20 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 8,995 4,335 4,660 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 260 125 135 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 30 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,245 620 630 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 960 495 460 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 315 185 130 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 635 310 325 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 30 15 10 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 635 245 385 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 410 170 240 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 275 105 170 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 640 365 285 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 25 20 10 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 530 310 220 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 60 25 35 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 1,765 850 915 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 20 15 10 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 360 170 190 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 1,385 670 715 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 210 135 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,070,555 533,385 537,175 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 998,035 496,635 501,395 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 237,720 121,535 116,185 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 760,310 375,105 385,210 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 72,525 36,750 35,780 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,070,560 533,385 537,170 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 945,810 470,790 475,025 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 112,490 55,800 56,690 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 16,650 8,190 8,465 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 5,545 2,670 2,875 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 9,315 4,645 4,665 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 33,045 16,410 16,635 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 8,670 4,165 4,505 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 24,370 12,245 12,130 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 47,935 23,880 24,055 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,255 6,800 5,455 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 112,495 55,795 56,695 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 12,060 6,100 5,965 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 21,295 11,015 10,280 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 19,295 8,990 10,305 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 50,945 25,060 25,890 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 8,895 4,635 4,260 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 112,490 55,800 56,690 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 10,765 5,010 5,760 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 185 65 120 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 555 275 280 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 630 290 340 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 155 75 85 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 65 45 20 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 815 425 395 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 1,330 665 665 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 165 60 100 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 210 105 110 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,845 2,045 2,800 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 1,805 955 845 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 23,640 11,900 11,740 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 455 215 245 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 445 280 165 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 215 90 125 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 2,575 1,280 1,295 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 605 325 280 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 395 215 180 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 845 490 355 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 570 305 265 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 1,220 585 635 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 1,395 690 705 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 220 105 120 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 695 335 360 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 805 345 460 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 585 305 280 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 3,280 1,630 1,650 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,020 3,520 3,505 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 2,320 1,195 1,125 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 10,285 5,360 4,925 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 50 35 15 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 435 230 205 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 635 285 355 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 425 225 200 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 180 95 80 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 1,695 845 855 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 635 335 300 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 1,775 920 855 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 4,455 2,390 2,065 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 67,120 33,175 33,945 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 515 230 285 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 2,575 1,365 1,210 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59