Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province] Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 650 115 535 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 946,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 86,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 116,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 524,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 245,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 233,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 158,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 540,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 235,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 227,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 111,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 793,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 160,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 123,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 37,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 443,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 509,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 190,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 213,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 105,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 97,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 45,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 451,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 10 0 5 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 315 125 190
Plains Cree 720 280 435 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 910 430 480 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 5 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 5 0 5 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 525 230 300 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 35 15 15 190 85 105
Carrier 15 0 15 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 5 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 1,470 710 760 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 15 5 10 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 765 365 400
South Slavey 155 70 80 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 120 35 85 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 60 20 45 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 5 5 980 430 555
Oneida 0 5 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 35 15 20
Kutenai 5 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 80 45 35 465 230 235
Salish languages 15 5 10 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 5 5 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 5 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 255 135 125
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 350 165 185 1,215 570 635
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 5 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 10 5 5 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 340 190 145 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 165 90 75 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 315 185 130 805 455 350
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 365 195 170
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 260 135 120 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 960 505 460 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 75 30 40 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 425 205 225 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 125 75 50 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 35 10 25 1,430 665 760
Malay 1,460 615 845 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 290 115 175 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 535 270 265 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 500 250 245 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 415 195 220 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 600 285 315 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 65 30 30 810 385 430
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 360 185 175 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 370 200 170 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 1,090 540 550
Welsh 175 85 80 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 530 295 235
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 360 200 160 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 115 55 60 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 815 370 445 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 875 405 470 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 140 70 70 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 525 280 240
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 105 60 50 565 300 265
Konkani 370 190 185 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 1,510 775 730 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 75 30 45 865 440 425
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 720 380 340
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 1,715 910 805
Georgian 230 130 100 1,715 910 805
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 540 255 290 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 35 20 15 1,535 815 720
Edo 275 155 120 1,670 770 900
Ewe 245 145 100 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 145 80 65 920 445 470
Ganda 280 145 135 1,295 625 665
Igbo 1,165 625 540 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 270 130 140 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 1,100 545 555 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 280 165 110 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 1,345 705 640 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 830 440 390 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 335 165 165 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 990 465 530 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 115 50 65 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 430 230 200 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 795 415 380 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 575 295 275 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 1,020 485 535 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 80 35 55
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 130 70 60 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 205 115 90 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 190 90 105 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 810 330 480 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 110 55 60
Plains Cree 125 60 60 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 330 140 190
Woods Cree 600 300 295 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 185 90 95 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 10 5 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 540 280 260 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 5 0 5 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 55 30 25 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 10 5 5 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 175 85 85 255 140 120
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 200 105 95 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 90 45 40 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 280 160 115 620 330 285
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 185 85 95
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 165 80 85 735 335 400
Hebrew 460 235 225 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 15 10 10 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 70 40 35 290 140 155
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 45 25 20 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 20 10 10 435 220 210
Malay 405 205 195 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 45 20 30 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 970 495 475 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 210 105 105 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 1,245 635 615 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 1,060 570 485 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 215 115 105 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 410 210 200 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 165 85 80 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 250 125 120 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 15 10 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 785 400 385 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 825 415 405 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 1,800 905 895 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 875 440 430 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 175 90 85 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 710 345 365 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 670 310 360
Celtic languages 40 25 15 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 185 105 80
Welsh 15 5 5 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 150 75 75 855 410 445
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 60 30 30 185 95 90
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 30 15 15 270 120 150
Norwegian 60 20 35 345 145 200
Swedish 145 65 80 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 355 170 185
Yiddish 15 5 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 1,625 820 810
Greek 1,015 490 525 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 50 20 25 135 70 70
Konkani 75 40 40 720 355 370
Marathi 845 440 405 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 850 440 410 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 1,640 845 795 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 35 10 20 355 165 190
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 180 85 95
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 1,040 565 475
Georgian 160 85 70 1,035 565 475
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 910 440 470
Mongolian 335 155 175 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 10 10 0 340 180 160
Edo 70 35 35 415 175 240
Ewe 80 45 35 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 825 400 425
Ga 40 20 20 250 105 140
Ganda 95 50 50 345 160 185
Igbo 265 125 145 1,000 485 510
Lingala 85 35 45 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 1,530 670 865
Shona 410 190 225 1,035 475 560
Swahili 1,090 530 565 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 170 95 75 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 690 340 350 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 800 420 380 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 325 170 155 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 315 135 185 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 20 5 10 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 280 145 130 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 665 340 320 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 420 220 200 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 465 215 245 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 655 285 370 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 30 15 15
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 1,245 640 610
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 80 45 40 610 315 290
Uzbek 135 70 65 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 455 230 225
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 25 10 15 975 365 610
Finnish 105 50 50 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 1,535 775 760 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 21,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 712,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 202,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 23,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 565,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 240,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 25 0 15 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 545 225 320
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 10 10 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 925 415 505 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 210 105 100
Beaver 85 50 35 340 180 165
Carrier 45 10 35 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 20 15 10 1,150 535 610
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 10 0 10 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 190 90 100 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 85 35 50
Haida 10 0 10 465 205 260
Inuit languages 135 50 80 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 60 20 35 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 10 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 35 25 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 145 75 70 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 50 25 25 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 10 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 15 10 10 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 10 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 530 285 245 1,760 870 890
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 140 70 70
Tlingit 10 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 15 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 540 335 205 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 225 125 90 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 370 235 135 1,085 625 470
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 480 220 265
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 340 150 185 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 145 85 55 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 330 150 180 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 340 195 145 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 80 40 40 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 445 190 250 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 1,035 520 515 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 530 255 275 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 590 300 290 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 775 360 415 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 200 95 105 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 535 270 265 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 315 180 130 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 475 275 205 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 160 70 95 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 1,635 800 835 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 250 130 115 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 125 80 45 905 490 420
Konkani 625 300 320 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 170 95 80 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 230 130 100 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 800 370 430 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 60 30 30 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 620 325 290 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 335 170 165 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 345 190 155 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 610 305 305 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 1,240 640 605 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 1,810 850 960 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 600 365 235 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 1,655 825 825 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 1,180 515 660 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 85 50 40 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 605 305 295 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 805 415 390 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 860 430 430 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 1,520 730 795 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 115 50 65
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 290 135 155 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 425 200 225 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 185 85 105 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 1,045 455 590 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 1,270 675 600 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 1,340 715 625 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765