Census Profile, 2016 Census
British Columbia [Province] and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic British Columbia

[Province]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , British Columbia [Province]  Map : British Columbia [Province] Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 691,390 355,400 335,985 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 220,625 113,355 107,275 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 236,900 122,070 114,830 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 233,860 119,975 113,885 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 258,980 133,000 125,985 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 287,560 147,615 139,945 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 303,000 151,585 151,415 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 313,750 155,035 158,715 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 293,590 143,070 150,520 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 295,045 141,930 153,115 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 322,365 155,325 167,040 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 354,375 172,065 182,310 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 354,925 171,210 183,715 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 324,095 156,450 167,645 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 848,985 395,560 453,425 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 287,520 139,490 148,035 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 201,785 97,675 104,110 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 145,225 68,715 76,510 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 105,255 48,645 56,610 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 109,190 41,035 68,155 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 67,510 27,930 39,575 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 31,815 10,615 21,205 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 8,545 2,215 6,330 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 1,325 275 1,050 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.9 15.6 14.2 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 66.9 67.0 66.7 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 18.3 17.4 19.1 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.8 2.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.3 41.5 43.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.0 41.9 44.0 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 1,925,345 959,690 965,645 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 371,985 186,485 185,505 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 1,659,335 776,660 882,675 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 1,076,085 582,975 493,110 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 105,700 45,225 60,475 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 263,870 103,475 160,395 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 213,685 44,990 168,700 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 882,895 418,495 464,405 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,810 820 985 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 314,925 140,650 174,275 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 153,910 63,795 90,115 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 55,325 27,680 27,640 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 18,000 8,315 9,685 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 151,760 62,720 89,040 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 64,325 31,840 32,480 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.4 1.4 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 57,425 28,615 28,810 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 1,267,460 591,400 676,060 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 8,435 3,940 4,490 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 1,050 445 605 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 40 5 35 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 840 375 465 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 5 5 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 315 125 190
Plains Cree 150 60 85 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 25 15 10 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 60 25 35 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 585 270 320 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 10 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 5 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 155 55 105 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 5 5 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 135 50 90 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 2,310 1,045 1,260 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,295 1,045 1,250 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 55 110 55 60
Beaver 160 75 85 190 85 105
Carrier 1,005 460 550 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 650 295 355 660 295 360
Dene 90 35 50 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 15 5 10 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 5 80 25 50
Sekani 85 40 45 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 75 30 45 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 5 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 20 5 15 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 50 25 30 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 105 45 50 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 15 10 5 180 90 90
Tahltan 90 40 50 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 5 0 5 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 5 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 5 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 50 20 35
Haida 70 30 40 75 35 40
Inuit languages 80 30 55 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 50 20 30 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 15 10 5 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 10 5 5 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 100 55 50 105 55 55
Michif 35 20 10 465 230 235
Salish languages 2,270 1,115 1,155 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 80 45 40 80 45 40
Halkomelem 475 230 245 475 225 245
Lillooet 315 155 160 315 155 155
Okanagan 270 135 135 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 435 220 215 445 225 220
Squamish 35 20 20 40 20 20
Straits 80 40 40 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 330 150 185 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 255 135 125
Siouan languages 45 25 20 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 30 15 20 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 5 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 30 15 15 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 1,460 715 740 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 875 435 445 880 435 445
Nisga'a 385 195 190 400 200 200
Tsimshian 195 90 110 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 795 365 435 805 370 435
Haisla 90 40 55 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 100 45 55 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 320 140 180 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 275 135 140 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 190 80 110 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,259,025 587,455 671,570 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,870 13,405 11,465 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 115 75 45 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 40 30 15 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 80 45 30 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 1,505 765 740 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 5 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 205 115 95 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,270 640 640 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 365 195 170
Semitic languages 23,195 12,540 10,655 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 1,370 670 700 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 17,480 9,595 7,890 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 650 315 330 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 440 245 200 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 20 5 15 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 2,065 1,125 940 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 215 100 115 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 805 395 405 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 80 65 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 28,740 13,170 15,575 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,560 710 850 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 27,150 12,440 14,710 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 96,535 38,765 57,770 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 375 165 215 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 4,065 1,565 2,505 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 470 240 230 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 1,470 550 920 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 5,240 2,055 3,190 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 20 10 15 1,430 665 760
Malay 3,895 1,675 2,220 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 700 320 380 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 295 130 170 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 78,770 31,550 47,220 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 215 85 135 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,015 435 580 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 840 440 400 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 500 255 245 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 7,500 3,995 3,510 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 280 150 135 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 2,385 1,260 1,130 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 3,615 1,875 1,740 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 1,175 695 480 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 140 75 70 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 588,175 286,135 302,035 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 1,465 765 705 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 1,195 600 600 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 83,110 38,595 44,515 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 1,070 485 585 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 565 255 300 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 505 225 280 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 82,040 38,110 43,930 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 95 45 50 810 385 430
Bosnian 1,360 675 685 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 2,025 955 1,070 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 7,475 3,655 3,820 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 5,920 2,850 3,070 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 325 160 165 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 16,910 7,875 9,035 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 25,955 11,640 14,310 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 7,045 3,600 3,450 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 1,395 670 725 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 3,400 1,525 1,870 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,160 545 615 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 8,630 3,730 4,900 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 345 175 170 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 615 325 290 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 240 130 110 1,090 540 550
Welsh 280 145 135 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 530 295 235
Germanic languages 101,725 48,350 53,380 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 3,260 1,655 1,610 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 4,665 2,280 2,385 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 21,020 10,130 10,895 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 295 145 145 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 66,885 31,525 35,360 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 275 135 145 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 2,005 970 1,035 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 2,520 1,100 1,420 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 445 220 225 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 290 150 140 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 65 45 25 525 280 240
Greek 6,115 3,245 2,870 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 297,800 147,830 149,970 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 251,000 124,260 126,740 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 3,180 1,665 1,510 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 6,895 3,290 3,605 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 26,720 12,910 13,810 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 65 35 25 565 300 265
Konkani 255 130 125 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 620 325 295 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 1,155 620 540 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 70 35 35 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 198,805 98,525 100,285 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 1,675 780 895 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,675 845 830 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 9,885 5,090 4,795 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 46,390 23,355 23,035 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 1,765 945 825 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 1,155 615 535 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 43,470 21,795 21,675 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 410 220 195 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 96,135 46,430 49,710 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 160 85 75 865 440 425
Italian 22,680 11,445 11,230 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 17,450 8,240 9,210 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 8,730 4,250 4,480 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 47,010 22,335 24,675 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 720 380 340
Japanese 21,350 7,195 14,150 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 85 50 35 1,715 910 805
Georgian 85 50 40 1,715 910 805
Korean 52,160 23,495 28,670 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 360 150 205 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 360 155 210 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 3,725 1,875 1,850 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 495 275 220 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 10 5 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 85 50 35 1,670 770 900
Ewe 85 45 35 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 25 20 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 45 20 25 920 445 470
Ganda 90 45 45 1,295 625 665
Igbo 245 145 105 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 80 30 45 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 115 50 60 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 155 70 80 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 215 100 115 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 805 400 405 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 50 25 25 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 330 185 150 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 885 410 480 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 340 175 165 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 105 60 45 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 240 115 125 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 1,155 610 545 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 470 230 240 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 690 380 305 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 410,920 187,725 223,190 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 408,415 186,455 221,960 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 193,530 89,325 104,210 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 2,325 1,010 1,315 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 186,325 84,370 101,955 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 230 105 120 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 11,210 4,995 6,215 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 4,540 1,995 2,545 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 10,050 4,570 5,480 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 205 85 120 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,500 1,265 1,230 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 1,125 580 545 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 815 395 425 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 330 175 160 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 230 120 110 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 3,985 1,335 2,650 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 1,100 550 550 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 2,865 775 2,090 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 80 35 55
Turkic languages 4,140 2,295 1,845 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 530 290 235 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 3,145 1,790 1,360 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 170 85 85 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 105 50 55 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 190 80 110 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 13,490 6,285 7,205 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 705 295 410 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 3,760 1,555 2,200 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 9,025 4,435 4,590 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 500 280 225 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 103,415 49,625 53,795 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 10,065 4,815 5,250 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 89,135 42,820 46,315 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 2,100 1,040 1,065 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 2,115 950 1,165 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 16,795 8,195 8,605 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 717,375 337,200 380,180 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 1,565 765 795 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 105 50 55 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 5 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 85 40 45 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 15 10 10 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 5 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 60 30 30 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 15 5 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 610 290 320 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 605 290 315 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 20 10 10 15 10 10
Beaver 40 20 20 50 30 20
Carrier 245 110 130 245 115 130
Chilcotin 260 125 130 255 125 130
Dene 15 5 10 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 15 10 5 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 10 5 5 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 5 5 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 5 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 5 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 5 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 10 5 5 10 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 10 0 5 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 15 10 5 15 10 5
Michif 0 5 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 275 130 150 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 50 20 30 45 20 25
Lillooet 25 15 15 25 15 10
Okanagan 85 35 45 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 50 30 20 55 30 20
Squamish 5 5 0 5 0 5
Straits 25 10 15 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 25 15 10
Siouan languages 15 10 5 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 10 10 5 255 140 120
Stoney 5 5 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 405 215 195 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 310 155 155 315 155 155
Nisga'a 70 45 25 70 40 30
Tsimshian 25 15 10 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 75 40 35 75 45 35
Haisla 20 10 15 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 5 5 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 25 10 10 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 10 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 45 15 25 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 715,815 336,435 379,380 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,990 7,065 6,920 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 45 25 20 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 20 10 15 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 770 355 415 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 90 50 45 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 665 300 360 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 185 85 95
Semitic languages 13,155 6,680 6,475 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 600 275 320 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 10,415 5,335 5,080 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 405 195 210 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 310 165 145 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 10 5 5 735 335 400
Hebrew 900 465 440 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 15 5 10 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 410 190 225 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,870 8,305 9,560 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 800 375 420 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 17,055 7,920 9,130 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 40,605 17,945 22,660 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 75 30 35 290 140 155
Cebuano 1,305 585 715 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 110 65 55 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 415 175 240 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 1,615 695 930 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 10 5 10 435 220 210
Malay 1,120 510 605 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 150 70 80 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 55 25 30 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35,375 15,600 19,770 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 55 25 35 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 310 150 160 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 335 150 180 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 235 105 130 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 3,940 1,995 1,940 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 110 55 60 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 1,225 615 605 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 2,055 1,025 1,030 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 535 295 240 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 55 25 30 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 282,090 137,135 144,955 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 695 335 360 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 545 240 305 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 31,640 15,150 16,490 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 210 90 115 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 80 30 50 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 125 60 65 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 31,430 15,060 16,370 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 15 5 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 595 300 300 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 1,035 485 550 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 2,235 1,055 1,180 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 1,595 800 795 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 150 75 75 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 5,690 2,720 2,970 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 13,310 6,290 7,020 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 3,695 1,870 1,825 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 500 235 265 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 1,000 480 520 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 65 85 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 1,430 665 765 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 670 310 360
Celtic languages 70 40 30 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 35 20 10 185 105 80
Welsh 25 10 10 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 50 30
Germanic languages 14,430 6,870 7,555 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 1,475 715 760 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 305 145 160 855 410 445
Dutch 1,895 890 1,005 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 10 5 5 185 95 90
German 10,085 4,795 5,295 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 75 35 35 270 120 150
Norwegian 140 60 80 345 145 200
Swedish 360 170 195 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 30 20 355 170 185
Yiddish 10 10 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 1,625 820 810
Greek 2,010 975 1,035 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 194,590 95,380 99,215 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 164,185 80,610 83,575 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 1,815 895 920 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 2,970 1,320 1,645 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 12,310 5,890 6,425 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 10 5 5 135 70 70
Konkani 40 25 25 720 355 370
Marathi 270 140 130 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 665 345 320 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 139,080 68,565 70,515 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 615 270 345 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 675 330 340 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 5,705 2,825 2,880 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 30,205 14,665 15,540 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 1,080 540 535 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 700 350 350 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 28,420 13,765 14,660 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 100 100 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 38,110 18,145 19,970 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 65 35 35 355 165 190
Italian 5,200 2,245 2,955 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 6,725 3,140 3,580 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 3,800 1,830 1,970 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 22,310 10,900 11,410 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 180 85 95
Japanese 9,860 4,070 5,790 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 30 15 10 1,040 565 475
Georgian 30 15 15 1,035 565 475
Korean 38,605 17,785 20,820 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 170 80 90 910 440 470
Mongolian 165 80 85 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 960 430 530 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 150 80 65 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 5 5 5 340 180 160
Edo 15 10 10 415 175 240
Ewe 20 5 10 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 5 10 825 400 425
Ga 5 5 0 250 105 140
Ganda 10 5 5 345 160 185
Igbo 40 20 15 1,000 485 510
Lingala 35 15 20 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 40 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 25 35 1,530 670 865
Shona 65 25 40 1,035 475 560
Swahili 200 90 115 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 20 10 10 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 60 30 35 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 200 85 120 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 140 60 75 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 55 30 20 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 85 30 55 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 1,535 850 685 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 455 230 225 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,080 615 460 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 299,420 137,555 161,865 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 297,675 136,670 161,000 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 137,075 62,545 74,525 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 700 295 410 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 146,435 67,695 78,740 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 65 25 35 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,820 2,185 2,630 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,595 1,195 1,400 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,885 2,680 3,205 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 105 45 55 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,745 885 865 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 720 375 350 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 725 355 370 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 205 110 90 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 1,380 595 785 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 460 225 235 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 920 370 545 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 30 15 15
Turkic languages 1,695 880 815 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 195 105 95 1,245 640 610
Turkish 1,310 685 630 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 95 50 50 610 315 290
Uzbek 45 25 20 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 455 230 225
Uralic languages 3,005 1,415 1,590 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 95 40 55 975 365 610
Finnish 725 325 400 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 2,185 1,050 1,130 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 232,540 110,375 122,165 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 6,155 2,970 3,185 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 222,670 105,750 116,920 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 650 290 360 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 3,065 1,365 1,700 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 274,535 132,990 141,545 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 41,020 18,435 22,590 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 340,930 158,590 182,345 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 7,985 3,765 4,215 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 332,945 154,820 178,125 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 1,195 545 650 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 5,660 2,655 3,005 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 3,765 1,745 2,020 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 100 45 50 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,012 40,370 27,543 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,783 35,383 25,659 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,585 39,557 25,304 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,592 3,717 4,920 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,713 39,186 26,034 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,616 54,797 36,901 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,922 44,282 31,874 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,933 54,787 35,271 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,207 7,255 7,171 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,339 52,171 34,149 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,147,070 652,115 494,950 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,940 61,004 47,039 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,625 72,840 53,801 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 91.7 84.9 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.8 74.4 65.8 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 8.3 15.1 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 142,970 67,370 75,600 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.4 96.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 573,315 240,120 333,195 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 653,915 262,225 391,685 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 503,290 209,095 294,195 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 424,330 188,860 235,470 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 366,220 173,020 193,200 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 286,310 148,095 138,215 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 222,975 129,400 93,580 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 171,625 103,795 67,830 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 134,090 83,100 50,990 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 96,825 62,825 34,005 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 294,475 214,980 79,500 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 198,355 142,260 56,095 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 96,115 72,715 23,405 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 138,350 63,495 74,855 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.4 96.6 96.2 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 597,310 253,480 343,835 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 686,510 280,490 406,015 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 593,490 252,075 341,415 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 495,200 226,080 269,120 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 402,535 200,565 201,965 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 293,450 167,870 125,585 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 210,085 128,000 82,080 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 151,775 95,230 56,545 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 301,635 215,590 86,045 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 94,700 64,330 30,370 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 59,050 42,050 17,000 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 147,885 109,215 38,670 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 1,095,320 467,570 627,745 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 71.7 75.2 68.4 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 441,080 204,275 236,810 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 212,715 90,015 122,705 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 371,875 160,350 211,525 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 309,470 135,945 173,525 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 282,045 126,870 155,180 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 253,810 118,870 134,935 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 203,885 107,605 96,280 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 163,740 98,205 65,535 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 132,340 82,120 50,220 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 404,040 291,050 112,990 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 106,680 67,815 38,860 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 76,470 51,990 24,480 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 220,890 171,245 49,645 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 768,855 373,390 395,465 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,255 33,342 29,674 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,320 29,815 27,221 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 766,660 371,595 395,060 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,666 44,615 38,892 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,191 37,100 33,395 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 537,405 258,275 279,140 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 449,395 205,320 244,075 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 420,355 198,845 221,510 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 422,805 203,710 219,095 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 435,290 212,555 222,735 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 442,070 218,225 223,845 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 451,795 226,240 225,555 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 462,900 233,935 228,970 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 473,535 241,165 232,375 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 464,685 239,235 225,450 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 822,390 422,685 399,710 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 260,110 133,670 126,445 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 778,990 369,345 409,645 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 694,960 325,015 369,940 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 151,880 78,110 73,770 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 46,920 24,035 22,885 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 427,085 198,475 228,615 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 115,990 48,430 67,560 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.5 14.8 16.2 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 18.5 18.5 18.5 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 18.0 18.0 18.1 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 14.1 15.5 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 14.9 13.1 16.5 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 491,645 236,430 255,215 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 99,330 50,890 48,450 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 29,250 14,930 14,315 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 345,345 165,740 179,605 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 46,965 19,805 27,165 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.0 10.8 11.2 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.0 12.1 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 11.2 11.2 11.3 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 11.8 12.2 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 6.0 5.4 6.6 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 314,225 140,085 174,140 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 1,546,550 727,200 819,355 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 17,190 8,115 9,075 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 1,950 905 1,045 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 35 0 35 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,600 795 805 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 15 0 10 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 545 225 320
Plains Cree 345 160 180 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 55 25 30 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 80 45 40 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 1,090 560 525 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 20 10 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 10 10 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 25 15 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 310 100 205 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 20 0 15 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 275 95 180 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 15 0 15 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 4,375 2,050 2,330 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 4,345 2,035 2,315 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 200 100 95 210 105 100
Beaver 255 130 130 340 180 165
Carrier 2,045 940 1,110 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 1,130 525 605 1,150 535 610
Dene 130 55 80 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 185 85 100 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 125 60 75 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 10 0 10 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 25 15 10 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 45 60 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 290 155 130 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 35 20 15 365 205 170
Tahltan 250 135 120 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 10 0 10 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 10 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 85 35 50
Haida 455 195 255 465 205 260
Inuit languages 170 70 95 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 20 10 10 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 120 50 70 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 30 10 15 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 25 10 15 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 170 95 80 175 95 80
Michif 110 50 60 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 5,660 2,690 2,970 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 185 75 105 185 75 110
Halkomelem 1,045 470 570 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 790 405 385 790 405 385
Okanagan 805 360 445 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,280 630 650 1,305 640 665
Squamish 280 125 155 285 125 155
Straits 360 160 200 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 440 220 220 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 540 280 260 565 295 270
Siouan languages 55 20 35 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 30 15 15 1,760 870 890
Stoney 10 10 10 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 140 70 70
Tlingit 60 40 20 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 2,685 1,330 1,350 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,275 635 645 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 1,035 535 500 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 405 180 230 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 1,460 670 795 1,490 680 805
Haisla 175 65 105 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 120 50 70 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 590 275 315 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 560 265 295 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 240 105 135 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,529,635 719,190 810,440 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 35,115 18,585 16,530 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 145 95 45 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 65 40 25 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 80 60 20 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 2,070 955 1,120 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 20 10 15 1,085 625 470
Oromo 245 140 110 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 1,800 815 985 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 480 220 265
Semitic languages 33,110 17,660 15,460 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 2,095 1,050 1,045 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 24,230 13,180 11,050 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 760 370 390 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 570 285 285 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 55 35 20 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 5,450 2,805 2,645 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 315 155 155 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 1,055 560 495 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 300 160 140 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 170 85 85 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 35,915 17,130 18,785 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,875 850 1,020 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 34,140 16,295 17,840 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 125,425 51,215 74,210 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 530 215 310 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 5,365 2,000 3,370 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 1,095 655 440 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 1,685 710 975 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 6,450 2,480 3,970 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 25 15 10 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 7,495 3,480 4,010 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 855 365 495 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 480 205 275 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 113,265 45,455 67,805 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 320 130 195 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,515 740 775 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 2,485 1,320 1,165 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 135 55 75 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 1,310 730 585 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,055 540 515 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 10,390 5,485 4,905 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 510 250 265 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 3,350 1,795 1,550 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 5,445 2,830 2,610 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 1,720 970 750 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 85 30 55 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 165 85 80 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 764,815 371,760 393,060 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 1,640 840 795 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 1,680 845 835 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 94,050 44,710 49,340 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 1,030 515 520 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 555 290 265 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 475 220 250 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 93,235 44,305 48,940 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 245 115 125 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 2,075 1,020 1,050 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 2,430 1,105 1,325 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 10,685 5,255 5,430 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 7,480 3,665 3,815 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 400 220 185 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 19,175 8,980 10,190 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 33,990 15,850 18,135 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 9,110 4,625 4,485 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 1,525 770 750 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 4,270 2,045 2,225 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,375 610 760 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 10,740 4,835 5,905 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 420 215 205 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 1,855 990 865 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 660 395 265 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 345 145 195 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 860 450 410 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 136,685 65,350 71,335 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 7,670 3,875 3,800 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 5,510 2,490 3,020 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 24,060 11,520 12,550 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 465 230 240 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 95,005 45,840 49,165 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 405 210 195 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 2,845 1,425 1,415 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 4,825 2,125 2,695 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 545 270 275 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 505 225 280 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 155 95 60 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 9,095 4,725 4,370 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 363,205 181,340 181,865 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 311,955 155,465 156,490 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 3,670 1,885 1,785 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 11,500 5,455 6,050 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 81,330 39,950 41,380 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 60 30 25 905 490 420
Konkani 415 215 200 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 1,475 780 695 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 1,485 725 760 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 70 40 30 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 244,485 122,450 122,035 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 3,300 1,415 1,885 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,430 1,265 1,170 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 16,750 8,840 7,915 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 52,300 26,435 25,870 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 2,225 1,185 1,040 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 1,660 940 725 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 49,835 25,135 24,690 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 935 490 450 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 177,685 83,505 94,185 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 395 210 180 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 37,475 18,075 19,400 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 23,260 11,060 12,200 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 10,045 4,945 5,105 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 115,115 53,215 61,900 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 380 245 140 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 36,990 15,955 21,040 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 115 55 60 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 115 55 55 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 57,490 26,310 31,180 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 370 170 200 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 370 165 195 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 8,025 4,130 3,895 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 630 350 280 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 30 20 15 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 145 80 60 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 135 90 45 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 30 70 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 150 95 50 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 165 80 85 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 425 240 185 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 280 125 150 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 45 75 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 290 125 165 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 415 220 195 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 3,365 1,785 1,575 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 50 25 30 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 885 455 435 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,835 840 1,000 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 405 210 200 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 85 50 35 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 325 155 165 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 7,545 2,865 4,680 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 3,860 1,280 2,575 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 3,780 1,615 2,160 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 457,595 211,220 246,375 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 454,885 209,850 245,030 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 234,445 108,485 125,960 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 2,715 1,290 1,430 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 265,635 119,995 145,640 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 130 55 75 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 16,410 7,230 9,185 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,600 2,445 3,155 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 10,380 4,725 5,650 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 200 75 120 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 3,000 1,500 1,505 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 1,490 730 755 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 955 485 465 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 375 205 165 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 330 150 180 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 5,635 2,190 3,450 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 1,630 735 890 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 4,275 1,535 2,740 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 6,785 3,685 3,095 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 945 510 435 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 5,585 3,025 2,555 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 115 60 55 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 170 95 75 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 275 140 130 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 15,280 7,095 8,185 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 780 350 425 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 4,030 1,640 2,385 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 10,495 5,100 5,395 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,045 575 470 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 790,485 406,970 383,510 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 421,935 199,205 222,735 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,292,675 603,800 688,875 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 356,155 171,330 184,825 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 152,220 70,475 81,750 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 287,505 132,190 155,315 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 321,240 147,250 173,985 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 147,735 67,425 80,305 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 173,505 79,825 93,680 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 175,555 82,555 92,995 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 100,405 49,385 51,020 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,292,670 603,800 688,875 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 112,665 56,495 56,175 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 212,710 108,975 103,730 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 279,495 126,690 152,805 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 537,500 242,185 295,310 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 150,305 69,455 80,845 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,292,675 603,800 688,875 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 110,850 50,515 60,330 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 3,800 1,545 2,260 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 3,915 1,720 2,195 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 5,425 2,710 2,715 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 1,305 600 710 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 570 250 315 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 3,505 1,770 1,735 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 10,375 4,425 5,945 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 3,265 1,330 1,930 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 2,620 1,205 1,415 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 57,780 26,425 31,355 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 18,295 8,530 9,765 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 319,885 156,975 162,915 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,570 2,230 2,345 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 5,780 2,945 2,830 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 5,700 2,895 2,805 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 35,045 16,835 18,210 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 3,630 1,965 1,670 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 6,175 3,145 3,030 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 5,890 3,090 2,795 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 15,405 8,050 7,355 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 18,225 9,365 8,855 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 15,115 6,965 8,145 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 8,215 4,125 4,090 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 8,995 4,400 4,595 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 10,920 4,700 6,215 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 4,480 2,225 2,260 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 7,500 3,520 3,980 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 123,810 60,975 62,835 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 40,425 19,545 20,880 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 42,805 21,500 21,310 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 485 310 175 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 2,705 1,480 1,225 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 2,070 1,015 1,060 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 4,705 2,175 2,535 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 985 535 455 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 1,740 925 815 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 1,080 515 570 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 13,375 6,700 6,675 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 15,645 7,840 7,800 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 788,055 359,835 428,220 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 5,040 2,550 2,490 51,955 26,030