Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Appendix 2.0 Census of Population and National Household Survey questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation

Release date: February 8, 2017
Appendix 2.0
Census of Population and National Household Survey questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation
Table summary
This table displays the results of Census of Population and National Household Survey questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation. First time in census before 1981, Census of Population, National Household Survey 2011 and Census of Population 2016 (appearing as column headers).
  First time in census before 1981 Census of Population National Household Survey
2011
Census of Population
2016
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011
Demographic characteristics  
Name 1871 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Date of birth 1871 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Age (in addition to date of birth) Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Sex 1871 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Marital status 1871 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Legal marital status Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Common-law status Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Mobility – Place of residence one year ago Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Mobility – Place of residence five years ago 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Number of moves since previous census 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Date of first marriage 1941 Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Number of children ever born 1941 Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Ethno-cultural and language characteristics  
Knowledge of official languages 1901 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Knowledge of non-official languages Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Home language 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Mother tongue 1901 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Language of work Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Place of birth 1871 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Place of birth of parents 1891 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Generation status 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Citizenship 1901 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Landed immigrant status Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Period/year of immigration 1901 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Age at immigration Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Ethnic origin 1871 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Registered or Treaty Indian status Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Membership in a First Nation or Indian band Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Aboriginal group Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Aboriginal identity Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Visible minority Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Population group Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Religion 1871 Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included
Activity limitations  
Long-term difficulties with daily living activities Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Activity limitations: at home Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included
Activity limitations: at school or at work Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included
Activity limitations: in other activities Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included
Education  
School attendance 1871 Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Highest grade of elementary or secondary schooling 1941 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Years of schooling (university) 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Years of schooling (other) 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Total years of schooling 1941 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Highest level of schooling 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalent 1976 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Completion of full-time vocational course 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Non-university certificate or diploma 1976 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Registered apprenticeship or other trades certificate or diploma 1981 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
College certificates or diplomas 1981 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
University certificates, diplomas, degrees 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Highest certificate, diploma or degree 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Major field of study Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Province of elementary or secondary schooling (or outside Canada) 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Province, territory or country where highest certificate, diploma, degree (above high school) was completed Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Household activities  
Unpaid housework Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Caring for children without pay Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Providing unpaid care/assistance to seniors Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Labour market activities  
Actual hours worked last week 1951 Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Usual hours worked each week 1911 Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Last date of work 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Industry 1901 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Occupation 1871 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Class of worker 1891 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Weeks worked in reference year 1911 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Full-time/part-time work 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Temporary lay-off/absent from job 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
New job to start in four weeks or less Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Looked for work in past four weeks 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Availability for work Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Incorporation status 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Journey to work  
Place of work 1971 Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Main mode of commuting Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Income characteristics  
Income in year previous to census year 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Wages and salaries 1901 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Net non-farm self-employment income 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Net farm self-employment income 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Family allowances 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Federal Child Tax Credits / child benefits Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Old Age Security pension (OAS) and Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Benefits from Canada or Québec Pension Plan (CPP/QPP) 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Benefits from Employment Insurance 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Other income from government sources 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Interest, dividends and other investment income 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Retirement pensions, superannuation, annuities 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Other money income 1961 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Income tax paid Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Family and household characteristics  
Agricultural operator Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Household maintainer(s) Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Relationship to Person 1 or head of household 1891 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Family head (in addition to household head) 1921 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Tenure (owned/rented) 1921 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Tenure (condominium) – owner household Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Tenure (condominium) – renter household Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Tenure (band housing) Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Presence of mortgage 1941 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Who holds first mortgage 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Number of persons per household 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Shelter costs – renter household 1941 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Reduction in rent (e.g., reduced rent by government subsidy) 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Subsidized housing – renter household Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Automobiles available for personal use 1941 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Vacation home ownership 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Major home appliances 1931 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Yearly payments of electricity 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Yearly payments of natural gas, oil, coal, wood, etc. 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Yearly payments of water and other municipal services 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Shelter costs – owner household Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Mortgage payments – owner household Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Property taxes – owner household Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Condominium fees – owner household living in a condominium Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Dwelling characteristics  
Number of rooms 1941 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Number of bedrooms 1971 Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Number of bathrooms N Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Period of construction 1941 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Condition of dwelling Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Structural type of dwelling 1941 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Value of dwelling 1941 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Number of dwellings in the building 1941 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Garage 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Piped running water in the dwelling 1941 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Bath or shower 1941 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Use of flush toilet in building 1941 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Unoccupied dwelling, reason for 1976 Note N: not included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Seasonal/marginal dwelling Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Length of occupancy 1941 Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Source of water supply 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Method of sewage disposal 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Principal type of heating equipment 1941 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Principal fuel used for cooking 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Principal fuel used for heating 1941 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Principal fuel used for water heating 1971 Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Coverage  
Did you leave anyone out? 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Household roster 1971 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Number of temporary residents 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Number of usual residents 1971 Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
Other  
Wartime service 1951 Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included
Access to personal information 92 years after collection Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note N: not included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included Note Y: included
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