Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Time leaving for work

Release date: May 3, 2017


'Time leaving for work' refers to the time of day at which a person usually leaves home to go to their place of work.

Statistical unit(s)

Employed person
Experienced labour force person
Person with recent work experience


Time leaving for work

Reported in

2016 (25% sample); 2011Note 1 (30% sample).

Reported for

Population aged 15 years and over, in private households, who worked at some time since January 1, 2015, and who reported having a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address. The variable usually relates to the individual's job held during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016. However, if the person did not work during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 2015, the information relates to the job held the longest during that period.

Early enumeration was conducted in remote, isolated parts of the provinces and territories in February, March and April 2016. When enumeration has taken place before May 2016, the reference date used is the date on which the household was enumerated.

Question number(s)

Direct variable: Question 44a)


Not applicable


Two variables have been derived: PWLEAVE and PWLEAVENUM.

PWLEAVE was created using a standard format, i.e., 815 for 8:15 a.m. and 1315 for 1:15 p.m.

The variable PWLEAVENUM is formatted to display the time in number of minutes past midnight. For example, midnight would be 0 and subsequent departure times would have values displayed in the following format: 60 for 1:00 a.m. and 495 for 8:15 a.m. This variable enables the calculation of averages and medians.


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