Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and Québec Pension Plan (QPP) ‒ Retirement benefits

Release date: May 3, 2017 Updated on: September 13, 2017


Retirement benefits received during the reference period from the Canada Pension Plan or Québec Pension Plan.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

Statistical unit(s)



Not applicable

Reported in

2016 (100% data).

Reported for

Population aged 15 years and over in private households

Question number(s)

Variable derived based on administrative tax and benefit records received from the Canada Revenue Agency.


Positive dollar value or nil


See 'Remarks' under total income.

This variable is a component of Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and Québec Pension Plan (QPP) benefits. See also income sources.

For more information, please refer to Appendix 4.1, Components of income in 2015.

For additional information about data collection method, coverage, reference period, concepts, data quality and intercensal comparability of the income data, refer to the Income Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

Date modified: