Products and services, 2016 Census of population
The Geography Catalogue describes the geographic products and services available from the 2016 Census. In addition, it provides highlights of what is new about geographic products, a glossary of geographic terms, and other diagrams and tables.
The Illustrated Glossary presents geographic definitions and concepts as well as illustrations and links to online tutorials for selected levels of geography. The Illustrated Glossary will be released within the 2016 Census release cycle – precise date yet to be determined.
Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status and Name
The interim list provides a summary of the changes to census subdivisions (e.g., municipal boundary changes) that came into effect from January 2, 2011 to January 1, 2016.
Reference maps illustrate the location of selected 2016 Census standard geographic areas for which data are disseminated. Over 6,000 reference maps are available for the 2016 Census.
Thematic maps provide a visual overview of 2016 Census data for various topics. A thematic map focuses on the spatial variability of a specific distribution or theme (such as population density or average annual income).
GeoSearch is an interactive mapping application that makes it easy to find geographic areas in Canada for which census data are available. To find a specific place of interest, users can click and zoom in on a map of Canada or they can search by place name or postal code. Links to data products, analytical products and maps that are available for the selected area are listed below the map.
The 2016 Census boundary files depict boundaries of 2016 Census standard geographic areas for which census data are available. Boundary files provide a framework for mapping and spatial analysis. They are available for download in two types: cartographic and digital. Cartographic boundary files depict the 2016 Census standard geographic areas with the shoreline of the major land mass of Canada and its coastal islands. Digital boundary files depict the full extent of the 2016 Census standard geographic areas, including the coastal water area.
Population Ecumene Census Division Cartographic Boundary File
The 2016 Census Population Ecumene Census Division Cartographic Boundary File represents Canada's population ecumene. Ecumene, a word derived from the Greek root 'oixos' meaning inhabited and 'nenon' meaning space, is a term used by geographers to indicate inhabited land. Statistics Canada applies the definition of the population ecumene as land where people have made their permanent home.
Road Network File
The 2016 Census Road Network File depicts the digital road line coverage for Canada and contains information such as street name, type, direction, address range and class. User applications of these files may include mapping, geocoding, geographic searching, area delineation and database maintenance as a source for street names and locations.
GeoSuite is powerful search tool based on 2016 Census standard geographic areas. With GeoSuite, users may retrieve and query data, explore the links between geographic areas, obtain information on those areas and output data in tabular format. The information available includes 2016 population counts, 2016 dwelling counts, representative point coordinates, land area, geographic codes, names, and in some cases, 2011 Census population counts.
- GeoSuite (downloadable version) includes tables packaged in a Microsoft Access database, along with a user interface, which are available in a single zipped file.
- GeoSuite (web version) is an interactive application that has most of the functionalities of GeoSuite (downloadable version), but in a GUI interface.
Note: We recommend that you get acquainted with GeoSuite (web version) since the downloadable version of this application will not be available for 2021.
Geographic Attribute File
The 2016 Census Geographic Attribute File contains information at the dissemination block level, based on 2016 Census standard geographic areas. The data available include population counts, dwelling counts and land area. In addition, the 2016 Census Geographic Attribute File contains higher-level standard geographic codes, names, and where applicable, types and classes. Data for higher-level standard geographic areas can be derived by aggregating dissemination block-level data. The dissemination area representative point coordinates are also included.
The 2016 Census correspondence files include three files that provide users with tabular data that describe the correspondence between two vintages of geographic areas. The dissemination area correspondence file describes the relationship between the 2016 dissemination area and the 2011 dissemination area. The dissemination area and land area correspondence file describes the percentage of the 2016 dissemination area's land area within the boundaries of the 2011 dissemination area. The dissemination block correspondence file describes the relationship between the 2016 dissemination block and the 2011 dissemination block.
Custom area creation
The geography custom area creation service allows users to define their own geographic areas for census data tabulations. Custom geographic areas are produced from the aggregation of standard geographic areas or block faces, where available. Confidentiality constraints apply.
Custom product creation
The custom product creation service is available to produce non-standard geographic products that satisfy clients' individual requirements. Clients may require various custom geographic files, special data retrievals, manipulations of geographic data or combinations of data from a variety of sources.
A print-on-demand service is available for maps.
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