Census Program key indicators by geography

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Census Program key indicators: Canada
Indicator 2016 value
Population, 2016 35,151,728
2011 to 2016 population change (%) 5.0
Population density per km2 3.9
Total private dwellings 15,412,443
Population share (%) 100.0
Proportion (%) 65 years and over 16.9
% change 65 years and over (2011 to 2016) 20.0
Proportion (%) less than 15 years 16.6
Proportion (%) 15 to 64 years 66.5
Male/female ratio (number of males per 100 females) 96.5
Average age 41.0
% of occupied private dwellings that are single-detached houses 53.6
Number of persons living in collective dwellings 685,480
% of people aged 85 and over living in collective dwellings 32.0
% of occupied private dwellings in buildings with five or more storeys 9.9
One-person households (%) 28.2
Common-law couples (%) 21.3
Couples with children (%) 51.1
Young adults 20 to 34 living with their parents (%) 34.7
English–French bilingualism rate (%) 17.9
Population with more than one language spoken at home (%) 19.4
Official language minority (%) 22.8
Population with a mother tongue other than English or French 7,974,370
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336
Median employment income in 2015 of persons 25 to 54 ($) 43,349
Proportion (%) of total income from government transfers in 2015 11.7
Proportion (%) of population in low income in 2015 14.2
% change in median total income of households (2005 to 2015) 10.8
% change in median employment income of persons 25 to 54 (2005 to 2015) 6.4
Difference in the proportion of total income from government transfers (2005 to 2015) 0.7
Difference in the proportion of the population in low income (2005 to 2015) 0.2
Proportion (%) of persons younger than 18 in low income in 2015 17.0
Difference in the proportion of persons younger than 18 in low income (2005 to 2015) - 0.1
Proportion (%) of seniors in low income in 2015 14.5
Difference in the proportion of seniors in low income (2005 to 2015) 2.5
Aboriginal population, 2016 1,673,785
2006 to 2016 Aboriginal population change (%) 42.5
Average age of the Aboriginal population 32.1
Immigrants (%) 21.9
Second generation population (%) 17.7
Visible minority population (%) 22.3
Number of recent immigrants (landed between 2011 and 2016) 1,212,075
Homeownership rate (%) 67.8
% of households spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs (shelter-cost-to-income-ratio) 24.1
Households in unsuitable housing – rate 4.9
Households living in dwellings in need of major repairs – rate 6.5
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 10.8
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a college diploma 22.4
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor's degree or higher 28.5
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a college diploma who studied STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) 16.7
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor's degree or higher who studied STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) 24.7
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 who obtained their highest postsecondary qualification in their province or territory of residence 72.7
Proportion of adults aged 25 to 54 years who worked full year, full time in 2015 49.8
Number of workers employed in the manufacturing sector 1,508,870
Number of workers employed in the Public administration 1,088,855
Number of employed women who are family physicians 26,525
Number of employed women who are police officers 17,775
% using public transit to get to work, 2016 12.4
Average commuting duration, in minutes, 2016 26.2
% of workers using English or French at work 99.2
% of workers using more than one language at work 15.4
Alternative table view: Compare Canada, provinces and territories for a single indicator
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