Census Program key indicators by geography

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Canada  N.L.  P.E.I.  N.S.  N.B.  Que.  Ont. 
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Census Program key indicators: Quebec
Indicator 2016 value
Population, 2016 8,164,361
2011 to 2016 population change (%) 3.3
Population density per km2 6.0
Total private dwellings 3,858,943
Population share (%) 23.2
Proportion (%) 65 years and over 18.3
% change 65 years and over (2011 to 2016) 18.9
Proportion (%) less than 15 years 16.3
Proportion (%) 15 to 64 years 65.4
Male/female ratio (number of males per 100 females) 96.8
Average age 41.9
% of occupied private dwellings that are single-detached houses 45.4
Number of persons living in collective dwellings 198,035
% of people aged 85 and over living in collective dwellings 41.1
% of occupied private dwellings in buildings with five or more storeys 5.3
One-person households (%) 33.3
Common-law couples (%) 39.9
Couples with children (%) 48.3
Young adults 20 to 34 living with their parents (%) 30.3
English–French bilingualism rate (%) 44.5
Population with more than one language spoken at home (%) 19.0
Official language minority (%) 13.7
Population with a mother tongue other than English or French 1,173,340
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,822
Median employment income in 2015 of persons 25 to 54 ($) 39,856
Proportion (%) of total income from government transfers in 2015 15.6
Proportion (%) of population in low income in 2015 14.6
% change in median total income of households (2005 to 2015) 8.9
% change in median employment income of persons 25 to 54 (2005 to 2015) 6.4
Difference in the proportion of total income from government transfers (2005 to 2015) 1.7
Difference in the proportion of the population in low income (2005 to 2015) - 0.7
Proportion (%) of persons younger than 18 in low income in 2015 14.3
Difference in the proportion of persons younger than 18 in low income (2005 to 2015) - 1.9
Proportion (%) of seniors in low income in 2015 18.7
Difference in the proportion of seniors in low income (2005 to 2015) 2.5
Aboriginal population, 2016 182,890
2006 to 2016 Aboriginal population change (%) 66.1
Average age of the Aboriginal population 36.4
Immigrants (%) 13.7
Second generation population (%) 9.9
Visible minority population (%) 13.0
Number of recent immigrants (landed between 2011 and 2016) 215,170
Homeownership rate (%) 61.3
% of households spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs (shelter-cost-to-income-ratio) 21.0
Households in unsuitable housing – rate 3.8
Households living in dwellings in need of major repairs – rate 6.4
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 19.8
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a college diploma 19.0
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor's degree or higher 25.5
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a college diploma who studied STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) 20.0
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor's degree or higher who studied STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) 22.9
Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 who obtained their highest postsecondary qualification in their province or territory of residence 86.1
Proportion of adults aged 25 to 54 years who worked full year, full time in 2015 48.4
Number of workers employed in the manufacturing sector 436,045
Number of workers employed in the Public administration 255,760
Number of employed women who are family physicians 6,940
Number of employed women who are police officers 4,570
% using public transit to get to work, 2016 13.7
Average commuting duration, in minutes, 2016 25.8
% of workers using English or French at work 99.7
% of workers using more than one language at work 38.6
Alternative table view: Compare Canada, provinces and territories for a single indicator
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