2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Detailed Mother Tongue (158), Generation Status (4), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Number of Non-Official Languages Spoken (5), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2011 National Household Survey

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :99-010-X2011034
Release date :May 8, 2013
Topic :Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Confidentiality disclosure control for the National Household Survey (NHS)

Disclosure control rules have been applied to data tables available from the National Household Survey (NHS). The number of actual records used to derive any number in a table must meet a minimum criterion. For a table cell where this criterion is not met, the number is replaced by a zero. Due to this disclosure control, subtotals will not necessarily aggregate to the total. As well, users should note that random rounding has also been applied to the data.

Note: Differences between the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates and census counts

The 2011 Census of Population and the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) both provide information on the Canadian population for various levels of geography and for numerous common topics (e.g., demography, marital status, family and language) including characteristics associated to these topics. It is possible that differences exist between the 2011 Census count and the NHS estimate. Two reasons can explain these differences:

- The definition of the population of each data source: the target population for the 2011 Census includes usual residents in collective dwellings and persons living abroad, whereas the target population for the NHS excludes them.

- The variability of the estimates for the NHS: the NHS estimates are derived from a sample survey and are therefore subject to sampling error; they are also subject to potentially higher non-response error than in the census due to the survey's voluntary nature.


Note: The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates - quality indicators

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.


Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details detailed mother tongue , generation status , knowledge of official languages , number of non-official languages spoken , age groups and sex for the population in private households in CanadaFootnote 1
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 26.1 %
Detailed mother tongue (158) Generation status (4)
Total - Generation status First generationFootnote 3 Second generationFootnote 4 Third generation or moreFootnote 5
Total - Detailed mother tongue 32,852,325 7,217,300 5,702,725 19,932,300
Single responses 32,369,375 6,989,065 5,520,185 19,860,130
English 18,850,405 1,694,640 3,994,255 13,161,510
French 6,967,455 259,465 336,750 6,371,245
Non-official languages 6,551,520 5,034,965 1,189,180 327,375
Aboriginal languages 193,860 1,010 1,580 191,265
Romance languages 1,096,130 822,770 256,180 17,180
Italian 403,425 250,235 140,280 12,910
Portuguese 207,980 160,750 45,625 1,605
Romanian 84,100 75,620 8,240 235
Spanish 399,810 335,465 61,935 2,410
Catalan 560 525 35 0
Romance languages, n.i.e. 260 175 60 25
Germanic languages 536,790 342,875 127,990 65,925
Dutch 110,250 90,220 16,855 3,175
Flemish 4,865 3,550 1,160 155
Frisian 2,460 2,160 280 0
German 366,960 210,720 94,950 61,290
Yiddish 14,930 5,560 8,905 460
Scandinavian languages 28,405 22,510 5,095 795
Danish 14,320 12,515 1,710 95
Icelandic 1,430 615 375 435
Norwegian 5,180 3,600 1,485 100
Swedish 7,480 5,785 1,530 170
Afrikaans 8,525 7,790 715 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 390 370 25 0
Celtic languages 2,960 2,360 280 325
Gaelic languages 1,640 1,125 195 320
Welsh 1,170 1,135 40 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 95 45 0
Slavic languages 668,185 488,730 148,110 31,350
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 685 560 120 0
Bosnian 11,380 10,160 1,200 0
Bulgarian 18,125 16,550 1,545 30
Croatian 47,700 34,995 11,880 820
Czech 22,010 18,375 3,460 170
Macedonian 16,200 11,820 4,245 135
Polish 187,450 143,695 41,475 2,280
Russian 162,340 142,535 15,660 4,140
Serbian 53,625 43,910 9,580 130
Serbo-Croatian 9,840 8,780 1,020 40
Slovak 15,935 11,875 3,920 140
Slovenian 10,585 7,625 2,910 50
Ukrainian 108,590 34,800 50,545 23,255
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,720 3,045 535 145
Baltic languages 13,320 8,570 4,385 370
Latvian 5,990 3,970 1,900 120
Lithuanian 7,330 4,595 2,485 245
Greek 111,405 64,705 40,705 5,995
Armenian 30,510 23,045 7,230 235
Albanian 23,475 20,975 2,455 50
Georgian 775 735 40 0
Finno-Ugric languages 84,770 60,730 22,100 1,935
Estonian 6,055 3,870 1,980 200
Finnish 15,495 8,865 5,745 885
Hungarian 63,220 47,995 14,380 855
Turkic languages 35,755 30,250 5,475 25
Azerbaijani 2,695 2,580 115 0
Turkish 29,975 24,925 5,020 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 3,090 2,745 345 0
Mongolian 1,085 1,060 35 0
Afro-Asiatic languages 442,740 374,475 67,280 985
Berber languages (Kabyle) 6,120 5,595 525 0
Cushitic languages 42,440 33,655 8,770 20
Oromo 11,995 10,685 1,305 0
Somali 30,450 22,970 7,465 15
Semitic languages 392,145 333,340 57,835 965
Amharic 18,045 16,480 1,540 20
Arabic 323,125 273,230 49,165 730
Hebrew 18,105 14,875 3,080 150
Maltese 5,940 5,280 600 60
Tigrigna 9,350 8,680 665 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 17,570 14,785 2,780 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,035 1,885 155 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,084,045 867,665 213,555 2,830
Indo-Aryan languages 885,520 693,690 189,210 2,620
Bengali 58,900 49,645 9,220 40
Gujarati 91,310 77,100 14,175 35
Hindi 93,190 80,405 12,560 225
Konkani 2,830 2,790 45 0
Marathi 5,920 5,475 445 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 433,280 313,820 117,490 1,970
Sindhi 10,330 8,915 1,400 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,555 13,725 815 10
Urdu 165,375 132,355 32,710 310
Nepali 9,820 9,475 345 0
Iranian languages 192,130 168,330 23,610 195
Kurdish 10,055 8,130 1,885 40
Pashto 12,525 9,800 2,730 0
Persian (Farsi) 169,545 150,400 19,000 145
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 6,400 5,645 735 20
Dravidian languages 176,515 145,585 30,775 150
Kannada 2,770 2,540 235 0
Malayalam 17,695 16,325 1,370 0
Tamil 146,710 118,100 28,455 150
Telugu 8,940 8,250 695 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 395 375 0 0
Japanese 40,180 29,915 9,470 795
Korean 137,215 126,365 10,755 90
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,079,360 909,945 167,145 2,270
Chinese languages 1,066,950 898,310 166,390 2,255
Cantonese 381,575 299,400 81,065 1,105
Chaochow (Teochow) 2,920 2,270 645 0
Fukien 6,510 6,160 345 0
Hakka 4,975 4,360 610 0
Mandarin 252,295 225,970 26,095 240
Shanghainese 3,075 2,870 200 0
Taiwanese 9,655 9,205 440 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 405,945 348,080 56,980 880
Tibetan languages 4,850 4,420 425 0
Burmese 3,430 3,295 115 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 4,130 3,910 215 0
Tai languages 21,490 18,625 2,795 70
Lao 13,890 11,385 2,440 65
Thai 7,595 7,240 355 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,660 135,645 40,495 515
Khmer (Cambodian) 21,750 17,260 4,445 40
Vietnamese 154,910 118,380 36,050 475
Malayo-Polynesian languages 430,725 413,255 17,055 410
Bisayan languages 18,315 18,065 235 15
Ilocano 19,665 19,215 430 25
Malay 10,960 10,540 415 0
Pampango 3,045 2,865 170 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 371,500 355,590 15,560 345
Bikol 1,380 1,365 0 0
Malagasy 1,190 1,135 55 0
Fijian 1,155 1,040 115 0
Pangasinan 1,095 1,080 0 0
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 2,420 2,350 55 0
Niger-Congo languages 73,565 68,545 4,825 195
Akan (Twi) 13,440 11,665 1,685 90
Bantu languages 33,905 32,190 1,640 70
Lingala 3,735 3,545 185 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 4,530 4,425 105 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 4,060 3,915 135 0
Shona 2,725 2,625 100 0
Swahili 10,000 9,145 820 35
Ganda 1,050 1,005 50 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 7,800 7,530 250 0
Edo 1,140 1,080 55 0
Igbo 3,105 2,960 140 0
Wolof 2,645 2,540 105 0
Bamanankan 1,045 955 85 0
Ewe 1,500 1,470 30 0
Ga 985 900 80 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15,815 14,780 1,000 35
African languages, n.i.e. 9,915 8,325 1,585 0
Creoles 71,070 65,745 5,220 100
Non-verbal languages 6,380 855 1,245 4,285
American Sign Language 1,795 200 240 1,355
Quebec Sign Language 410 35 15 360
Sign languages, n.i.e. 4,175 625 985 2,570
Other languages 2,635 2,225 400 15
Multiple responses 482,945 228,230 182,545 72,175
English and French 57,820 3,745 10,630 43,445
English and non-official language 353,530 180,115 148,310 25,110
French and non-official language 65,315 41,840 20,620 2,855
English, French and non-official language 6,280 2,530 2,985 760

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 4

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 5

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011034.

Map – Canada

Map : Canada
Source: Statistics Canada, Geography Division, 2011 Census of Population

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