2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Sociocultural and Labour Characteristics (168), Income Statistics in 2010 (3B) and Total Income Groups (7) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details selected demographic, sociocultural and labour characteristics , income statistics in 2010 and total income groups for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in New Brunswick / Nouveau-Brunswick
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 28.6 %
Selected demographic, sociocultural and labour characteristics (168) Total income groups (7)
Total - Total income groupsFootnote 3 Lowest 90 percentFootnote 4 Highest 10 percent Lowest 95 percentFootnote 5 Highest 5 percent Lowest 99 percentFootnote 6 Highest 1 percent
Total - SexFootnote 7 622,440 586,400 36,035 605,760 16,680 619,555 2,880
Male 301,865 274,905 26,960 288,480 13,390 299,435 2,430
Female 320,570 311,495 9,075 317,275 3,295 320,120 455
Total - Age groupsFootnote 8 622,435 586,400 36,035 605,760 16,680 619,550 2,885
15 to 24 years 89,210 89,110 95 89,175 30 89,210 0
25 to 54 years 306,540 281,940 24,600 295,415 11,130 304,720 1,820
25 to 34 years 84,635 82,030 2,600 83,705 930 84,535 100
35 to 44 years 98,605 89,255 9,355 94,545 4,065 97,830 775
45 to 54 years 123,300 110,650 12,640 117,160 6,135 122,350 945
55 to 64 years 112,295 103,840 8,455 108,075 4,215 111,520 775
65 years and over 114,395 111,510 2,885 113,090 1,300 114,105 290
65 to 74 years 66,915 64,905 2,010 65,920 995 66,715 195
75 years and over 47,480 46,605 875 47,175 305 47,395 85
Population in private households by marital statusFootnote 9 622,435 586,400 36,035 605,755 16,680 619,555 2,880
Married or living with a common-law partner 380,820 350,585 30,235 366,285 14,530 378,325 2,490
Married (and not separated) 309,100 282,550 26,555 296,075 13,030 306,890 2,215
Living common law 71,715 68,040 3,680 70,215 1,500 71,440 270
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 241,620 235,815 5,805 239,465 2,150 241,230 395
Single (never legally married) 153,640 151,150 2,485 152,790 845 153,505 135
Separated 19,725 18,830 895 19,335 395 19,645 75
Divorced 32,185 30,490 1,700 31,530 655 32,040 150
Widowed 36,070 35,340 730 35,815 255 36,035 30
Total - Household living arrangementsFootnote 10 622,440 586,400 36,035 605,755 16,680 619,555 2,885
Total persons in households with at least one census family 513,510 481,500 32,010 498,300 15,215 510,910 2,605
Married spouses, common-law partners 378,205 348,100 30,105 363,720 14,480 375,740 2,470
Lone parents 35,460 34,215 1,245 34,970 495 35,365 95
Children in families with two parents present 61,575 61,340 240 61,505 75 61,560 0
Children in families with one parent present 25,695 25,505 190 25,595 95 25,685 0
Persons not in census families, living with relativesFootnote 11 7,210 7,120 90 7,180 30 7,200 20
Persons not in census families, living with non-relatives only 5,365 5,220 145 5,335 35 5,365 0
Total persons in non-census family households 108,925 104,900 4,025 107,455 1,470 108,645 280
Living with relativesFootnote 12 6,055 5,970 85 6,015 45 6,050 0
Living with non-relatives only 21,320 20,955 365 21,195 125 21,305 0
Living alone 81,550 77,980 3,575 80,245 1,305 81,285 260
Total - Economic family status and economic family structureFootnote 13 622,440 586,400 36,040 605,760 16,680 619,555 2,885
Economic family persons 514,200 482,250 31,950 498,985 15,220 511,590 2,605
Couple family 444,420 414,060 30,355 429,865 14,550 441,940 2,480
Couple only 192,005 180,815 11,195 186,590 5,420 191,025 985
Couple with children 245,355 226,415 18,940 236,315 9,040 243,880 1,475
Couple with other relatives only 7,055 6,835 220 6,965 95 7,035 20
Lone-parent family 56,985 55,590 1,400 56,415 570 56,880 105
Female-parent family 44,875 44,065 810 44,580 295 44,835 40
Female-parent family with no other relatives 43,420 42,635 785 43,130 290 43,385 35
Male-parent family 12,110 11,520 590 11,835 275 12,045 70
Male-parent family with no other relatives 11,675 11,105 565 11,415 260 11,615 55
Other economic familyFootnote 14 12,795 12,600 195 12,700 95 12,775 20
Persons not in an economic family 108,235 104,150 4,085 106,775 1,460 107,965 275
Total - Population by Aboriginal identity 622,440 586,395 36,035 605,755 16,680 619,555 2,885
Aboriginal identityFootnote 15 16,910 16,465 445 16,735 175 16,900 15
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 16 11,595 11,410 185 11,545 50 11,595 0
Métis single identity 4,010 3,835 175 3,935 75 4,005 0
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 295 270 0 280 0 295 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 17 95 80 0 95 0 95 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 18 915 865 45 875 40 910 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 605,530 569,935 35,590 589,025 16,505 602,660 2,870
Total - Population by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 19 622,435 586,400 36,035 605,755 16,680 619,555 2,880
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 20 8,595 8,430 165 8,525 75 8,580 10
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 613,840 577,970 35,870 597,235 16,605 610,970 2,870
Total - Population by Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 21 622,435 586,400 36,035 605,755 16,680 619,555 2,885
Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 22 28,310 27,345 970 27,845 470 28,245 65
First Nations (North American Indian) ancestryFootnote 23 24,020 23,275 740 23,680 340 23,965 55
Métis ancestry 4,185 3,970 215 4,060 125 4,180 0
Inuit ancestry 520 480 40 490 30 520 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyFootnote 24 594,125 559,055 35,070 577,920 16,210 591,310 2,820
Total - Generation statusFootnote 25 622,435 586,400 36,035 605,755 16,680 619,555 2,880
First generationFootnote 26 29,985 27,390 2,595 28,570 1,415 29,625 360
Second generationFootnote 27 36,380 33,820 2,560 35,070 1,310 36,180 200
Third generation or moreFootnote 28 556,070 525,190 30,885 542,120 13,955 553,750 2,325
Total - Population by visible minorityFootnote 29 622,440 586,400 36,040 605,760 16,680 619,550 2,885
Total visible minority populationFootnote 30 12,695 11,845 850 12,185 510 12,545 150
South AsianFootnote 31 1,860 1,570 285 1,650 205 1,795 65
Chinese 1,945 1,785 165 1,825 120 1,935 0
Black 3,240 3,120 125 3,200 40 3,230 0
Filipino 850 795 55 850 0 850 0
Latin American 1,040 1,020 20 1,040 0 1,045 0
Arab 1,055 985 65 1,000 55 1,020 30
Southeast AsianFootnote 32 550 495 55 510 35 540 0
West AsianFootnote 33 275 245 35 265 0 265 0
Korean 1,300 1,285 20 1,295 0 1,295 0
Japanese 235 225 0 225 0 235 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 34 75 75 0 70 0 75 0
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 35 265 250 15 255 0 265 0
Not a visible minorityFootnote 36 609,740 574,555 35,190 593,570 16,170 607,005 2,730
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 37 622,440 586,400 36,035 605,755 16,680 619,555 2,885
Non-immigrantsFootnote 38 593,840 560,175 33,670 578,445 15,400 591,310 2,530
ImmigrantsFootnote 39 25,895 23,600 2,295 24,650 1,240 25,550 345
Before 1981 12,310 11,085 1,225 11,645 665 12,150 170
1981 to 1990 2,835 2,460 375 2,625 215 2,815 25
1991 to 2000 2,865 2,575 290 2,735 130 2,835 30
2001 to 2009 6,180 5,820 370 5,985 200 6,080 105
2001 to 2005 2,480 2,255 230 2,355 135 2,415 70
2006 to 2009 3,700 3,560 140 3,630 70 3,665 30
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 40 622,435 586,400 36,035 605,760 16,680 619,555 2,885
English 403,380 377,870 25,505 391,220 12,155 401,365 2,015
French 200,855 191,475 9,380 196,960 3,890 200,205 645
Non-official language 14,700 13,690 1,010 14,160 540 14,505 195
Aboriginal 2,185 2,155 30 2,180 0 2,185 0
Non-Aboriginal 12,515 11,530 985 11,980 535 12,320 195
English and French 2,665 2,565 95 2,610 50 2,650 0
English and non-official language 715 680 45 680 40 705 0
French and non-official language 115 115 0 115 0 115 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - First official language spokenFootnote 41 622,440 586,400 36,035 605,760 16,680 619,555 2,885
English 419,995 393,420 26,580 407,230 12,765 417,790 2,210
French 201,025 191,635 9,395 197,150 3,880 200,360 665
English and French 1,005 945 60 975 35 1,000 0
Neither English nor French 405 400 0 405 0 405 0
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 42 622,440 586,400 36,035 605,755 16,680 619,550 2,885
No certificate, diploma or degree 154,895 153,400 1,490 154,170 720 154,730 160
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 43 167,820 163,510 4,310 165,980 1,840 167,530 290
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 44 299,725 269,490 30,230 285,610 14,120 297,290 2,430
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 204,125 191,575 12,545 199,035 5,085 203,700 425
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 45 69,775 65,600 4,175 68,040 1,735 69,625 150
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 116,465 109,465 7,005 113,740 2,725 116,255 210
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 46 17,885 16,510 1,370 17,260 625 17,815 60
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 95,605 77,915 17,685 86,570 9,035 93,590 2,010
Bachelor's degree 66,430 56,780 9,650 62,030 4,405 65,700 730
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 47 29,170 21,135 8,030 24,540 4,630 27,895 1,275
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 48 622,435 586,400 36,040 605,755 16,680 619,550 2,880
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 49 322,710 316,910 5,805 320,150 2,560 322,260 450
Education 27,755 25,800 1,960 27,245 515 27,700 60
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,195 5,985 205 6,105 90 6,190 0
Humanities 13,210 12,030 1,180 12,700 515 13,165 45
Social and behavioural sciences and law 19,570 17,165 2,400 18,260 1,310 19,310 260
Business, management and public administration 67,935 61,775 6,160 64,700 3,235 67,375 560
Physical and life sciences and technologies 7,395 6,185 1,205 6,850 540 7,315 80
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 10,930 9,740 1,185 10,535 390 10,910 20
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 69,105 59,955 9,145 64,835 4,270 68,610 495
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 6,930 6,385 540 6,735 200 6,915 15
Health and related fieldsFootnote 50 46,425 41,555 4,865 43,950 2,475 45,580 845
Personal, protective and transportation services 24,115 22,740 1,375 23,530 580 24,055 60
Other fields of studyFootnote 51 170 170 0 165 0 170 0
Total - Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 52 622,435 586,400 36,040 605,760 16,680 619,550 2,885
Industry - Not applicableFootnote 53 193,645 191,800 1,850 192,990 660 193,555 85
All industriesFootnote 54 428,790 394,600 34,185 412,770 16,020 425,995 2,795
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 17,925 17,440 485 17,645 285 17,830 100
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 5,315 3,695 1,620 4,560 755 5,190 125
22 Utilities 4,475 2,705 1,770 3,600 875 4,415 60
23 Construction 32,265 29,820 2,445 31,150 1,115 32,055 210
31-33 Manufacturing 36,040 32,570 3,470 34,295 1,745 35,885 155
41 Wholesale trade 12,895 11,470 1,420 12,010 885 12,795 100
44-45 Retail trade 51,660 49,915 1,750 50,760 900 51,435 230
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 20,675 19,345 1,325 19,920 745 20,550 125
51 Information and cultural industries 8,045 7,145 900 7,680 365 8,020 30
52 Finance and insurance 13,880 12,320 1,560 13,055 825 13,705 170
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,580 4,160 425 4,435 150 4,565 20
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 17,770 14,895 2,875 16,150 1,625 17,410 360
55 Management of companies and enterprises 285 230 60 265 20 285 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 21,405 20,970 440 21,180 220 21,375 30
61 Educational services 29,875 27,200 2,670 28,815 1,055 29,815 55
62 Health care and social assistance 53,460 49,480 3,980 51,490 1,975 52,690 770
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 7,630 7,380 245 7,540 85 7,615 0
72 Accommodation and food services 27,885 27,680 200 27,830 50 27,855 30
81 Other services (except public administration) 19,985 19,110 870 19,580 400 19,930 50
91 Public administration 42,740 37,065 5,675 40,815 1,925 42,565 175
Total - Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011Footnote 55 622,440 586,400 36,035 605,755 16,680 619,555 2,885
Occupation - Not applicableFootnote 56 193,650 191,800 1,850 192,990 660 193,560 90
All occupationsFootnote 57 428,785 394,600 34,185 412,770 16,020 425,995 2,795
0 Management occupations 37,940 28,815 9,125 33,025 4,920 36,840 1,100
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 60,460 57,300 3,160 59,030 1,430 60,220 245
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 22,625 18,440 4,185 20,755 1,870 22,490 140
3 Health occupations 30,665 26,810 3,855 28,595 2,070 29,895 770
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 53,245 48,385 4,865 51,380 1,870 53,065 180
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 8,925 8,630 290 8,840 85 8,920 0
6 Sales and service occupations 107,540 105,605 1,930 106,620 915 107,445 90
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 70,365 65,830 4,535 68,520 1,845 70,145 215
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 16,405 15,665 745 16,125 285 16,385 0
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 20,620 19,115 1,505 19,880 735 20,585 30

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, Old Age Security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employers contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excluded gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions, as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

Exceptionally, in this table, median income is calculated from all the individuals in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) either with or without income.

Average income of individuals - Exceptionally, in this table, refers to the weighted mean total income of all individuals aged 15 and over whether they reported income for 2010 or not.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated in this table for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age whether they have an income (positive or negative) or not.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, Old Age Security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

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The percentiles of the distribution were calculated for the population aged 15 years and over in private households of Canada with income and without income (with an income of zero). The total income groups are such that the indicated percentage of the Canadian population aged 15 years and over in private households is in each group.

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Footnote 4

A total income of less than $80,420 is required to be in the lowest 90 percent.

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Footnote 5

A total income of less than $102,305 is required to be in the lowest 95 percent.

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Footnote 6

A total income of less than $191,147 is required to be in the lowest 99 percent.

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Footnote 7

Sex
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable

Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to whether the person is male or female.

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Footnote 8

Age
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable

Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 9

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 10

Household living arrangements
Part A - Short definition
Refers to the classification of persons as members of a family household or of a non-family household, and whether they are family persons or persons not in a census family.

Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the classification of persons as members of a family household or of a non-family household, that is, whether or not they are living in a household that contains at least one census family, and whether they are members of a census family or not in a census family. Persons not in census families are further classified as living with relatives, living with non-relatives (only) or living alone.

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Footnote 11

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 12

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 13

Economic family status - Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not the persons are members of an economic family.

Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families.

Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person.

Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person.

Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 14

This category includes economic families where the reference person does not have a spouse or partner, nor a child in the family, only other relatives.

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Footnote 15

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 16

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.


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Footnote 17

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 18

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 19

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.

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Footnote 20

Registered or Treaty Indian Status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 21

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the NHS.

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Footnote 22

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.'
Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 23

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.

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Footnote 24

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 25

Generation status
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 26

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 27

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 28

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 29

Visible minority
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups:  South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

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Footnote 30

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 31

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 33

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 34

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 35

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 36

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 37

Immigrant status refers to whether the respondent is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status.

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Non-permanent residents are not included elsewhere in this table.

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Footnote 38

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 39

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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The income data for the National Household Survey are for the year 2010. By agreement, landed immigrants who arrived in Canada between January 1, 2011 and May 10, 2011 have an income equal to zero. It is also possible that landed immigrants who arrived during the course of the year 2010 did not have a complete year of applicable revenues. Consequently, these two groups of immigrants are excluded from the detailed distribution by period of immigration. They are, however included in the category 'Immigrants.'

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Footnote 40

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 41

First official language spoken
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable

Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to a variable specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act.

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Footnote 42

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 43

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 44

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 45

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 46

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' category with caution.

For any other comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 47

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 48

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.

For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.

We recommend that users not make comparisons between categories of the CIP Canada 2011 and the CIP Canada 2000 classification systems on the basis of their labels. Even though many entries in the two classifications are similar, direct comparison could be inappropriate, given the numerous changes made at the detailed level to update the classification.

For comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 49

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 50

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 51

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 52

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 53

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 54

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 55

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011.

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Footnote 56

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 57

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011036.

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