2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Income and Sociocultural Characteristics (109), Income Statistics in 2010 (3) and Income Sources (16) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details selected demographic, income and sociocultural characteristics , income statistics in 2010 and income sources for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in New Brunswick / Nouveau-Brunswick
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 28.6 %
Selected demographic, income and sociocultural characteristics (109) Income sources (16)
Total incomeFootnote 3   Market incomeFootnote 4     Employment incomeFootnote 5       Wages and salariesFootnote 6       Self-employment incomeFootnote 7     Investment incomeFootnote 8     Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuitiesFootnote 9     Other money incomeFootnote 10   Government transfer paymentsFootnote 11     Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefitsFootnote 12     Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income SupplementFootnote 13     Employment Insurance benefitsFootnote 14     Child benefitsFootnote 15     Other income from government sourcesFootnote 16   Income tax paidFootnote 17   After-tax incomeFootnote 18
Total - Sex and age groupsFootnote 19 100.0 83.5 71.2 68.3 2.9 2.5 8.1 1.7 16.5 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
15 to 24 years 100.0 85.8 81.0 80.3 0.7 1.9 0.0 2.9 14.2 0.5 0.0 7.9 1.9 3.9 6.5 93.5
25 to 54 years 100.0 91.0 87.9 84.6 3.3 1.7 0.5 0.9 9.0 0.5 0.0 4.5 2.3 1.7 15.9 84.1
25 to 34 years 100.0 87.5 86.2 83.9 2.3 0.6 0.0 0.6 12.5 0.1 0.0 6.6 3.9 2.0 13.6 86.4
35 to 44 years 100.0 91.3 88.4 84.7 3.7 1.9 0.2 0.8 8.7 0.3 0.0 3.9 3.0 1.5 16.2 83.8
45 to 54 years 100.0 92.7 88.4 84.9 3.5 2.2 1.0 1.1 7.3 1.0 0.0 3.8 0.8 1.7 17.0 83.0
55 to 64 years 100.0 87.3 66.2 62.6 3.6 3.1 14.4 3.7 12.7 6.2 0.6 3.8 0.1 2.0 16.7 83.3
65 years and over 100.0 49.7 11.4 9.8 1.5 4.9 31.7 1.7 50.3 20.1 27.3 1.0 0.0 1.9 8.7 91.3
65 to 74 years 100.0 54.4 16.8 14.7 2.1 4.5 31.0 2.1 45.6 18.5 24.1 1.5 0.0 1.6 10.0 90.0
75 years and over 100.0 42.2 2.6 1.9 0.6 5.6 32.9 1.1 57.8 22.8 32.5 0.1 0.0 2.4 6.7 93.3
Male 100.0 86.8 74.2 70.6 3.6 2.3 8.9 1.4 13.2 4.2 3.2 4.1 0.1 1.6 16.1 83.9
15 to 24 years 100.0 88.0 84.0 83.4 0.6 1.6 0.0 2.5 12.0 0.4 0.0 8.7 0.1 2.7 8.2 91.8
25 to 54 years 100.0 93.7 90.7 86.8 3.9 1.7 0.6 0.7 6.3 0.4 0.0 4.4 0.2 1.4 17.8 82.2
25 to 34 years 100.0 92.6 91.5 89.0 2.5 0.5 0.0 0.6 7.4 0.0 0.0 5.8 0.2 1.4 15.4 84.6
35 to 44 years 100.0 94.4 91.7 87.0 4.7 1.8 0.3 0.6 5.6 0.2 0.0 4.0 0.3 1.1 18.2 81.8
45 to 54 years 100.0 93.7 89.5 85.6 3.9 2.2 1.2 0.8 6.3 0.6 0.0 4.1 0.1 1.5 18.7 81.4
55 to 64 years 100.0 88.8 68.8 64.5 4.3 2.7 14.2 3.2 11.2 5.2 0.1 4.0 0.0 1.8 17.7 82.3
65 years and over 100.0 57.5 15.4 13.1 2.4 4.6 35.8 1.6 42.5 18.9 20.6 1.4 0.0 1.7 9.7 90.3
65 to 74 years 100.0 61.2 21.2 18.3 3.0 4.5 33.5 1.9 38.8 17.0 18.4 2.0 0.0 1.5 11.0 89.0
75 years and over 100.0 50.3 4.1 2.8 1.3 4.9 40.3 1.1 49.7 22.6 24.9 0.2 0.0 2.0 7.3 92.7
Female 100.0 78.9 67.2 65.2 2.0 2.7 7.1 2.0 21.1 5.4 6.1 3.8 3.4 2.3 12.3 87.7
15 to 24 years 100.0 82.8 77.0 76.1 0.9 2.3 0.0 3.4 17.2 0.6 0.0 6.7 4.4 5.5 4.3 95.7
25 to 54 years 100.0 87.4 84.2 81.7 2.5 1.8 0.3 1.1 12.6 0.8 0.0 4.6 5.0 2.2 13.5 86.5
25 to 34 years 100.0 81.8 80.2 78.3 2.0 0.8 0.1 0.7 18.2 0.1 0.0 7.5 8.0 2.6 11.6 88.4
35 to 44 years 100.0 87.3 84.1 81.7 2.4 2.1 0.1 1.0 12.7 0.4 0.0 3.9 6.5 2.0 13.6 86.4
45 to 54 years 100.0 91.2 86.9 84.0 2.9 2.2 0.7 1.5 8.8 1.5 0.0 3.4 1.8 2.0 14.7 85.3
55 to 64 years 100.0 84.8 61.7 59.3 2.4 3.7 14.8 4.7 15.2 7.9 1.4 3.5 0.2 2.2 14.9 85.1
65 years and over 100.0 39.7 6.2 5.7 0.5 5.3 26.4 1.8 60.3 21.7 35.9 0.4 0.0 2.2 7.5 92.5
65 to 74 years 100.0 44.1 10.1 9.3 0.8 4.5 27.1 2.3 55.9 20.7 32.7 0.8 0.0 1.7 8.6 91.4
75 years and over 100.0 34.0 1.1 1.0 0.0 6.4 25.5 1.1 66.0 23.0 40.1 0.0 0.0 2.8 6.0 94.0
Total - Population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeFootnote 20 100.0 83.5 71.2 68.3 2.9 2.5 8.1 1.7 16.5 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 100.0 66.3 55.6 53.5 2.1 1.1 8.1 1.6 33.7 8.7 10.0 7.1 3.4 4.5 7.9 92.1
In bottom decile 100.0 30.2 25.5 25.1 0.4 1.1 1.2 2.5 69.8 10.6 5.4 6.3 16.7 30.7 3.6 96.4
In second decile 100.0 41.9 36.4 34.4 2.0 0.7 3.5 1.3 58.1 12.6 26.7 8.0 4.9 6.0 2.6 97.4
In third decile 100.0 64.7 54.4 52.1 2.3 0.9 7.9 1.5 35.3 10.4 10.1 8.6 3.1 3.1 6.3 93.7
In fourth decile 100.0 76.0 63.5 61.2 2.3 1.1 9.8 1.5 24.0 7.3 5.6 7.3 1.8 2.0 9.5 90.5
In fifth decile 100.0 81.9 67.7 65.7 2.1 1.3 11.1 1.7 18.1 5.9 4.3 5.6 1.2 1.1 11.9 88.1
In top half of the Canadian distribution 100.0 92.7 79.6 76.2 3.4 3.3 8.1 1.7 7.3 2.6 1.4 2.3 0.5 0.5 18.0 82.0
In sixth decile 100.0 85.9 72.6 70.3 2.4 1.4 10.3 1.6 14.1 4.5 3.0 4.8 0.8 1.1 13.6 86.4
In seventh decile 100.0 89.8 76.6 74.9 1.7 1.6 10.3 1.4 10.2 3.6 2.2 3.1 0.6 0.7 15.2 84.8
In eighth decile 100.0 92.8 80.9 78.8 2.1 1.6 8.8 1.5 7.2 2.5 1.3 2.3 0.5 0.6 17.1 82.9
In ninth decile 100.0 95.1 83.7 81.1 2.6 2.3 7.5 1.5 4.9 1.9 0.9 1.5 0.4 0.3 18.9 81.1
In top decile 100.0 97.7 82.2 74.9 7.3 8.2 4.9 2.4 2.3 1.1 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.1 23.5 76.5
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 21 100.0 83.5 71.2 68.3 2.9 2.5 8.1 1.7 16.5 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
No certificate, diploma or degree 100.0 58.6 46.2 44.0 2.2 1.8 9.2 1.4 41.4 11.2 16.1 7.2 1.6 5.4 8.9 91.1
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 22 100.0 82.4 70.9 68.4 2.5 2.2 7.5 1.8 17.6 4.7 3.6 4.8 1.9 2.5 12.5 87.5
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 23 100.0 89.4 76.8 73.6 3.3 2.8 8.1 1.7 10.6 3.3 2.1 3.0 1.3 0.9 16.5 83.5
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 24 100.0 85.8 74.5 72.4 2.1 2.1 7.5 1.7 14.2 4.2 2.9 4.1 1.6 1.3 14.6 85.4
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 100.0 94.2 80.0 75.2 4.8 3.7 8.9 1.6 5.8 2.1 1.0 1.5 0.9 0.3 19.0 81.0
Total - Population by Aboriginal identity 100.0 83.5 71.2 68.3 2.9 2.5 8.1 1.7 16.5 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
Aboriginal identityFootnote 25 100.0 78.0 71.6 70.3 1.3 0.9 4.0 1.6 22.0 3.1 3.9 6.2 4.1 4.7 9.7 90.3
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 26 100.0 75.9 70.7 69.0 1.7 0.7 3.1 1.5 24.1 3.0 3.9 6.2 5.7 5.2 7.5 92.6
Métis single identity 100.0 79.2 72.5 71.5 1.1 0.6 4.5 1.6 20.7 3.3 4.1 6.9 1.7 4.6 12.7 87.3
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 100.0 85.9 69.9 70.8 -1.9 12.8 0.0 0.0 13.5 1.4 0.0 4.6 4.0 2.8 12.9 87.0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 27 100.0 88.3 84.6 79.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.3 14.6 81.3
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 28 100.0 86.9 74.6 74.2 0.4 0.5 9.9 1.3 13.4 3.4 4.1 4.3 0.5 1.1 15.7 84.4
Non-Aboriginal identity 100.0 83.6 71.2 68.3 3.0 2.5 8.2 1.7 16.4 4.8 4.4 3.9 1.4 1.8 14.6 85.4
Total - Population by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 29 100.0 83.5 71.2 68.3 2.9 2.5 8.1 1.7 16.5 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 30 100.0 75.9 70.7 70.0 0.7 0.4 3.6 1.1 24.1 2.6 4.6 6.2 6.0 4.7 6.9 93.1
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 100.0 83.6 71.2 68.3 3.0 2.5 8.2 1.7 16.4 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.4 1.9 14.6 85.4
Total - Population by Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 31 100.0 83.5 71.2 68.3 2.9 2.5 8.1 1.7 16.5 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 32 100.0 80.7 74.3 71.9 2.4 1.0 3.9 1.5 19.3 3.0 3.1 5.8 3.4 4.1 11.9 88.1
First Nations (North American Indian) ancestryFootnote 33 100.0 79.9 73.7 71.1 2.6 1.0 3.7 1.5 20.0 3.0 3.2 5.8 3.7 4.3 11.4 88.6
Métis ancestry 100.0 84.2 75.8 74.7 1.2 1.4 5.4 1.6 15.8 2.6 2.5 5.7 1.8 3.2 13.9 86.1
Inuit ancestry 100.0 88.7 84.2 80.6 3.0 -0.3 4.4 0.6 11.4 2.4 1.8 3.9 2.0 1.5 14.3 86.7
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyFootnote 34 100.0 83.6 71.1 68.2 3.0 2.6 8.3 1.7 16.4 4.8 4.5 3.9 1.4 1.8 14.6 85.4
Total - Generation statusFootnote 35 100.0 83.5 71.2 68.3 2.9 2.5 8.1 1.7 16.5 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
First generationFootnote 36 100.0 86.8 70.3 64.8 5.4 4.9 9.6 2.0 13.2 4.4 3.9 2.1 1.5 1.4 15.8 84.2
Second generationFootnote 37 100.0 83.8 66.7 63.9 2.8 3.5 11.7 1.9 16.3 5.9 5.2 2.6 1.2 1.4 14.6 85.4
Third generation or moreFootnote 38 100.0 83.3 71.6 68.8 2.8 2.3 7.8 1.6 16.7 4.7 4.4 4.2 1.5 2.0 14.4 85.6
Total - Population by visible minorityFootnote 39 100.0 83.5 71.2 68.3 2.9 2.5 8.1 1.7 16.5 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
Total visible minority populationFootnote 40 100.0 89.9 80.1 74.4 5.7 4.1 3.4 2.1 10.2 1.8 1.4 2.5 2.5 2.0 16.2 83.8
South AsianFootnote 41 100.0 92.1 77.0 72.1 5.1 7.8 5.2 2.0 7.9 2.3 1.1 2.4 1.3 0.8 21.2 78.8
Chinese 100.0 92.6 82.8 78.9 3.9 5.9 2.0 1.9 7.4 1.1 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.6 15.7 84.3
Black 100.0 83.7 72.6 71.4 1.3 4.8 4.4 1.6 16.3 3.0 2.8 3.6 3.1 3.8 11.7 88.3
Filipino 100.0 93.7 87.6 86.0 1.1 0.5 5.0 1.0 6.3 1.6 0.0 1.4 1.7 1.1 16.8 83.2
Latin American 100.0 89.2 85.9 80.9 4.6 0.6 1.7 2.0 10.1 0.8 0.0 3.3 3.4 2.3 12.9 87.2
Arab 100.0 90.2 82.2 55.7 26.5 1.1 1.4 6.3 9.1 0.7 0.6 3.0 2.4 2.4 19.5 80.3
Southeast AsianFootnote 42 100.0 90.8 86.8 82.2 3.6 0.6 1.6 1.5 9.9 0.8 0.7 2.7 3.3 2.3 18.9 81.3
West AsianFootnote 43 100.0 94.8 90.7 92.1 1.7 0.5 0.0 0.8 4.1 0.0 0.0 1.1 1.0 1.9 20.4 81.3
Korean 100.0 85.1 80.6 74.0 6.5 2.3 1.2 0.9 14.7 1.2 0.0 2.3 8.8 2.3 7.9 92.4
Japanese 100.0 91.4 85.3 84.8 0.0 2.3 0.0 1.2 7.4 2.8 0.0 0.0 2.4 0.4 13.2 86.8
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 44 100.0 84.3 76.4 77.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 13.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.5 9.4 84.6
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 45 100.0 83.6 74.0 65.6 0.0 0.8 0.0 4.4 16.6 5.2 5.0 2.9 1.8 1.6 12.7 89.0
Not a visible minorityFootnote 46 100.0 83.4 71.1 68.2 2.9 2.5 8.2 1.7 16.6 4.8 4.5 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 47 100.0 83.5 71.2 68.3 2.9 2.5 8.1 1.7 16.5 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
Non-immigrantsFootnote 48 100.0 83.4 71.3 68.5 2.8 2.4 8.0 1.6 16.6 4.7 4.4 4.1 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
ImmigrantsFootnote 49 100.0 86.3 68.6 62.7 6.0 5.1 10.6 1.9 13.8 4.8 4.3 1.9 1.5 1.3 15.9 84.1
Before 1981 100.0 81.7 56.4 51.2 5.3 5.7 17.4 2.1 18.3 8.1 7.5 1.2 0.6 0.9 15.7 84.3
1981 to 1990 100.0 91.5 79.9 74.6 5.0 5.1 3.8 2.9 8.4 1.8 1.4 2.4 1.8 1.0 16.3 83.7
1991 to 2000 100.0 92.3 82.4 79.0 3.6 6.0 2.6 1.1 7.9 0.9 0.9 3.0 1.8 1.3 15.6 84.3
2001 to 2009 100.0 91.4 84.3 74.9 9.4 3.4 2.4 1.3 8.7 0.5 0.0 2.7 3.4 2.1 16.5 83.5
2001 to 2005 100.0 92.9 85.1 70.0 15.0 4.0 2.4 1.1 7.2 0.4 0.0 2.4 2.4 2.1 18.5 81.5
2006 to 2009 100.0 89.9 83.4 79.6 3.8 2.7 2.3 1.5 10.1 0.5 0.0 3.1 4.3 2.2 14.6 85.4
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 50 100.0 83.5 71.2 68.3 2.9 2.5 8.1 1.7 16.5 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
English 100.0 84.8 71.7 68.9 2.8 2.6 8.7 1.8 15.2 4.8 4.1 3.0 1.5 1.8 14.7 85.3
French 100.0 80.6 70.1 67.2 3.0 1.9 7.2 1.4 19.4 4.7 5.1 6.1 1.3 2.1 14.1 85.9
Non-official language 100.0 86.3 73.1 66.7 6.4 4.9 6.2 2.1 13.7 3.2 3.6 2.3 2.6 2.0 14.9 85.1
Aboriginal 100.0 70.3 67.6 67.1 0.8 0.4 1.6 1.0 29.5 2.1 8.5 7.0 7.7 4.1 1.7 98.3
Non-Aboriginal 100.0 87.8 73.7 66.7 7.0 5.4 6.6 2.2 12.1 3.3 3.1 1.8 2.1 1.8 16.3 83.7
English and French 100.0 81.0 62.9 60.6 2.5 13.0 4.2 0.8 18.9 4.3 4.9 5.9 1.4 2.5 15.9 84.1
English and non-official language 100.0 89.2 81.0 73.1 7.2 5.4 2.4 0.4 10.9 2.2 3.1 2.5 2.1 1.1 13.7 86.3
French and non-official language 100.0 81.3 81.3 81.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 17.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.4 3.5 8.6 91.4
English, French and non-official language 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total - First official language spokenFootnote 51 100.0 83.5 71.2 68.3 2.9 2.5 8.1 1.7 16.5 4.7 4.4 4.0 1.5 1.9 14.5 85.5
English 100.0 84.8 71.7 68.8 2.9 2.7 8.6 1.8 15.2 4.7 4.1 3.0 1.6 1.8 14.7 85.3
French 100.0 80.7 70.2 67.1 3.0 2.0 7.2 1.4 19.3 4.7 5.1 6.2 1.3 2.1 14.1 85.9
English and French 100.0 85.5 74.4 70.3 4.7 3.6 6.3 1.4 14.5 2.5 3.7 3.4 2.6 2.3 13.7 85.9
Neither English nor French 100.0 57.5 47.1 47.8 0.0 1.1 6.9 1.0 43.4 9.4 13.7 3.4 7.2 9.6 6.7 92.1

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area.

Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income.






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Footnote 4

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.







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Footnote 5

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.








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Footnote 6

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.








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Footnote 7

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.








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Footnote 8

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.









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Footnote 9

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.










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Footnote 10

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.










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Footnote 11

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in:
- the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor
- benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan
- benefits from Employment Insurance
- child benefits
- other income from government sources.









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Footnote 12

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan (for example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.











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Footnote 13

Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.











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Footnote 14

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.











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Footnote 15

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 16

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.













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Footnote 17

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.















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Footnote 18

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.














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Footnote 19

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 20

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size.
For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family.

Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 21

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 22

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 23

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 24

'Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level' includes persons who have obtained a college, CEGEP or university certificate or diploma below the bachelor level and who have not obtained any higher degrees, certificates or diplomas. It also includes persons who received an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma.

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Footnote 25

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 26

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.


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Footnote 27

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 28

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 29

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.

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Footnote 30

Registered or Treaty Indian Status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 31

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the NHS.

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Footnote 32

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.'
Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 33

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.

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Footnote 34

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 35

Generation status
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 36

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 37

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 38

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 39

Visible minority
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable


Part B - Detailed definition
Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

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Footnote 40

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 41

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 42

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 43

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 44

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 45

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 46

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 47

Immigrant status refers to whether the respondent is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status.

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Non-permanent residents are not included elsewhere in this table.

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Footnote 48

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 49

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently.
Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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The income data for the National Household Survey are for the year 2010. By agreement, landed immigrants who arrived in Canada between January 1, 2011 and May 10, 2011 have an income equal to zero. It is also possible that landed immigrants who arrived during the course of the year 2010 did not have a complete year of applicable revenues. Consequently, these two groups of immigrants are excluded from the detailed distribution by period of immigration. They are, however included in the category 'Immigrants.'

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Footnote 50

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 51

First official language spoken
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable

Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to a variable specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011032.

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