2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Religion (19), Age Groups (10), Sex (3), Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force and Educational Characteristics (268) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details religion , age groups , sex , selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics for the population in private households in New Brunswick / Nouveau-Brunswick
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 28.6 %
Selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics (268) Sex (3)
Total - Sex Male Female
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by marital statusFootnote 3 622,435 301,865 320,570
Married or living with a common-law partner 380,820 190,195 190,620
Married (and not separated) 309,105 154,360 154,745
Living common law 71,715 35,835 35,875
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 241,615 111,665 129,950
Single (never legally married) 153,640 83,045 70,595
Separated 19,720 8,450 11,270
Divorced 32,190 13,375 18,815
Widowed 36,070 6,795 29,270
Total - Census family statusFootnote 4 735,830 359,485 376,345
Married spouses 306,490 153,310 153,180
Common-law partners 71,720 35,835 35,875
Lone parents 35,460 7,195 28,265
Children in census families 200,185 107,895 92,290
Persons not in census familiesFootnote 5 121,985 55,255 66,730
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 6 728,980 356,200 372,785
Non-movers 649,895 317,620 332,280
Movers 79,085 38,580 40,505
Non-migrants 45,390 22,125 23,265
Migrants 33,700 16,460 17,240
Internal migrants 31,395 15,390 16,010
Intraprovincial migrants 21,920 10,720 11,200
Interprovincial migrants 9,480 4,670 4,810
External migrants 2,295 1,065 1,230
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 7 699,345 340,780 358,565
Non-movers 469,865 229,835 240,030
Movers 229,475 110,935 118,540
Non-migrants 119,645 57,075 62,565
Migrants 109,835 53,860 55,970
Internal migrants 100,645 49,165 51,475
Intraprovincial migrants 64,510 30,625 33,885
Interprovincial migrants 36,135 18,540 17,595
External migrants 9,185 4,695 4,490
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 8 735,835 359,490 376,345
English 484,185 236,570 247,610
French 230,195 112,130 118,055
Non-official language 16,680 8,290 8,390
English and French 3,475 1,830 1,635
English and non-official language 1,105 535 570
French and non-official language 170 100 65
English, French and non-official language 35 25 0
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 9 735,835 359,490 376,345
English 511,925 250,080 261,840
French 210,610 102,860 107,745
Non-official language 8,385 4,160 4,230
English and French 2,960 1,455 1,505
English and non-official language 1,690 805 880
French and non-official language 200 95 105
English, French and non-official language 70 0 40
Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 10 735,835 359,490 376,345
English only 424,875 211,285 213,590
French only 64,930 30,380 34,545
English and French 245,260 117,505 127,755
Neither English nor French 770 315 455
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 11 428,790 221,775 207,010
English 317,310 168,000 149,315
French 93,970 45,405 48,565
Non-official language 725 390 340
Aboriginal 345 185 165
Non-Aboriginal 385 205 175
English and French 16,395 7,805 8,590
English and non-official language 295 145 155
French and non-official language 10 0 0
English, French and non-official language 70 35 35
Total population by citizenshipFootnote 12 735,835 359,490 376,345
Canadian citizens 722,470 353,115 369,360
Canadian citizens only 716,950 350,505 366,450
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 5,515 2,610 2,905
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 13 13,360 6,370 6,990
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 14 735,835 359,490 376,345
Non-immigrantsFootnote 15 704,235 344,280 359,955
ImmigrantsFootnote 16 28,470 13,660 14,810
Before 1971 6,975 3,105 3,860
1971 to 1980 5,340 2,545 2,800
1981 to 1990 2,835 1,275 1,565
1991 to 2000 3,025 1,450 1,575
2001 to 2011Footnote 17 10,290 5,285 5,005
2001 to 2005 3,140 1,630 1,510
2006 to 2011Footnote 18 7,155 3,660 3,495
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 19 3,135 1,550 1,585
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationFootnote 20 28,470 13,660 14,805
Under 5 years 4,580 2,050 2,530
5 to 14 years 6,255 2,860 3,395
15 to 24 years 5,905 2,745 3,165
25 to 44 years 9,765 4,925 4,845
45 years and over 1,960 1,085 875
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 21 735,835 359,490 376,345
Non-immigrantsFootnote 22 704,235 344,280 359,955
Born in province of residence 588,580 287,655 300,920
Born outside province of residence 115,655 56,625 59,030
ImmigrantsFootnote 23 28,465 13,660 14,810
Americas 10,200 4,640 5,555
United States 8,225 3,655 4,570
Jamaica 55 20 40
Guyana 90 60 30
Haiti 225 160 70
Mexico 175 85 85
Trinidad and Tobago 115 55 60
Colombia 400 155 245
El Salvador 35 25 0
Peru 35 0 30
Chile 50 0 30
Other places of birth in Americas 785 395 390
Europe 10,260 5,085 5,175
United KingdomFootnote 24 5,255 2,440 2,820
Italy 230 130 100
Germany 1,650 835 815
Poland 145 65 80
Portugal 90 50 45
Netherlands 820 435 375
France 410 220 190
Romania 270 140 130
Russian Federation 70 55 15
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 130 50 80
Croatia 80 45 35
Hungary 95 50 45
Bosnia and Herzegovina 105 50 55
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 145 80 70
Other places of birth in Europe 740 435 310
Africa 1,605 855 755
Morocco 120 90 35
Algeria 50 30 20
Egypt 155 80 75
South Africa, Republic of 160 85 70
Nigeria 40 25 10
Ethiopia 70 40 35
Kenya 70 30 40
Other places of birth in Africa 940 480 465
Asia 6,230 2,985 3,240
India 795 425 375
ChinaFootnote 25 1,050 440 610
Philippines 710 220 490
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 105 55 55
Viet NamFootnote 26 430 200 225
Pakistan 170 95 75
Sri Lanka 25 15 0
IranFootnote 27 235 120 110
Korea, SouthFootnote 28 1,620 815 800
Lebanon 230 140 95
Taiwan 40 0 25
Iraq 20 0 0
Bangladesh 90 40 55
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 45 15 30
Turkey 20 15 0
Other places of birth in Asia 615 340 275
Oceania and otherFootnote 29 170 85 85
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthFootnote 30 170 85 80
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 31 3,135 1,550 1,585
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 32 735,835 359,490 376,345
First generationFootnote 33 33,310 16,080 17,235
Second generationFootnote 34 43,450 21,295 22,160
Third generation or moreFootnote 35 659,075 322,115 336,950
Total population in private households by visible minority 735,835 359,485 376,345
Total visible minority populationFootnote 36 17,130 8,655 8,480
South AsianFootnote 37 2,445 1,310 1,135
Chinese 2,540 1,230 1,315
Black 4,870 2,595 2,275
Filipino 1,100 415 690
Latin American 1,160 530 630
Arab 1,375 850 525
Southeast AsianFootnote 38 730 360 370
West AsianFootnote 39 305 170 135
Korean 1,855 905 945
Japanese 300 105 200
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 40 85 25 60
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 41 355 160 200
Not a visible minorityFootnote 42 718,700 350,835 367,870
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 735,835 359,490 376,345
Aboriginal identityFootnote 43 22,620 11,040 11,580
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 44 16,120 7,730 8,390
Métis single identity 4,850 2,470 2,380
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 485 255 225
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 45 150 60 90
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 46 1,020 515 500
Non-Aboriginal identity 713,215 348,450 364,765
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 47 735,835 359,490 376,345
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 48 11,865 5,825 6,035
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 723,970 353,660 370,310
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 49 735,835 359,490 376,345
Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 50 37,900 18,090 19,810
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 51 32,365 15,405 16,960
Métis ancestry 5,225 2,485 2,740
Inuit ancestry 820 440 380
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyFootnote 52 697,935 341,395 356,540
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 53 622,435 301,865 320,575
In the labour force 395,420 205,165 190,255
Employed 351,935 178,900 173,040
Unemployed 43,485 26,275 17,210
Not in the labour force 227,015 96,700 130,320
Participation rate 63.5 68.0 59.3
Employment rate 56.5 59.3 54.0
Unemployment rate 11.0 12.8 9.0
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerFootnote 54 395,420 205,165 190,255
Class of worker - not applicableFootnote 55 6,350 3,080 3,270
All classes of workerFootnote 56 389,070 202,085 186,985
Employee 359,560 183,765 175,800
Self-employedFootnote 57 29,505 18,330 11,185
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011Footnote 58 395,420 205,170 190,250
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 59 6,350 3,085 3,265
All occupationsFootnote 60 389,070 202,085 186,985
0 Management occupations 35,930 22,090 13,840
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 55,670 14,820 40,855
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 21,290 16,845 4,445
3 Health occupations 28,725 4,850 23,870
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 48,780 16,355 32,425
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 7,280 3,210 4,070
6 Sales and service occupations 94,660 37,465 57,190
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 64,555 61,870 2,685
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 13,660 11,700 1,965
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 18,520 12,885 5,630
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 61 395,420 205,170 190,255
Industry - not applicableFootnote 62 6,350 3,080 3,270
All industriesFootnote 63 389,070 202,085 186,985
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 15,480 11,995 3,490
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 4,860 4,215 645
22 Utilities 4,000 3,060 940
23 Construction 29,345 26,750 2,595
31-33 Manufacturing 33,325 24,255 9,065
41 Wholesale trade 12,235 8,515 3,715
44-45 Retail trade 46,285 20,935 25,345
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 19,240 14,085 5,150
51 Information and cultural industries 7,470 3,965 3,510
52 Finance and insurance 13,065 4,125 8,940
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,205 2,560 1,640
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 16,200 9,250 6,950
55 Management of companies and enterprises 250 80 170
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 19,025 10,380 8,645
61 Educational services 27,050 8,760 18,290
62 Health care and social assistance 49,660 8,255 41,405
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 6,170 3,165 3,010
72 Accommodation and food services 23,800 7,730 16,070
81 Other services (except public administration) 17,895 8,665 9,225
91 Public administration 39,515 21,340 18,175
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 64 418,835 203,460 215,370
No certificate, diploma or degree 70,180 37,835 32,340
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 65 111,465 53,505 57,965
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 66 237,185 112,120 125,070
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 67 52,465 34,425 18,040
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 92,950 39,365 53,585
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 68 12,915 4,810 8,105
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 78,865 33,515 45,345
Bachelor's degree 55,175 22,725 32,455
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 69 23,685 10,800 12,890
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 70 622,435 301,865 320,570
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 71 322,715 158,465 164,240
Education 27,760 7,070 20,685
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,190 2,890 3,305
Humanities 13,215 5,585 7,625
Social and behavioural sciences and law 19,570 6,020 13,550
Business, management and public administration 67,935 20,315 47,620
Physical and life sciences and technologies 7,390 3,715 3,675
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 10,930 6,735 4,195
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 69,105 65,595 3,505
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 6,930 5,215 1,715
Health and related fieldsFootnote 72 46,425 7,350 39,080
Personal, protective and transportation services 24,115 12,895 11,225
Other fields of studyFootnote 73 165 30 140
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceFootnote 74 622,440 301,865 320,575
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 322,710 158,465 164,245
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 299,725 143,395 156,325
Location of study inside Canada 285,795 135,870 149,930
Same as province or territory of residence 227,500 106,910 120,590
Another province or territory 58,295 28,955 29,340
Location of study outside Canada 13,930 7,530 6,395

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 4

Classification of persons according to whether or not they are members of a census family and the status they have in the census family (a census family is composed of a married couple or two persons living common law, with or without children, or of a lone parent living with at least one child in the same dwelling). A person can be a married spouse, a common-law partner, a lone parent, a child or a person not in a census family.

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Footnote 5

Persons not in census families may live with relatives (without forming a census family with them), they may live with non-relatives only or they may live alone.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 7

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 8

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 9

Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 10

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.

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Footnote 11

Population by language used most often at work.

Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 12

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 13

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 14

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 15

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 16

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 17

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 18

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 21

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 22

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 23

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 24

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 25

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 26

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 27

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 28

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 29

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 30

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 31

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 32

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 33

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 34

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 35

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 36

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 37

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 38

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 39

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 40

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 41

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 42

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 43

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 44

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 45

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 46

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 47

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 48

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 49

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the NHS.

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Footnote 50

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.'

Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 51

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 52

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 53

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 54

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 55

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 56

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 57

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 58

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011.

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Footnote 59

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 60

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 61

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 62

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 63

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 64

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 65

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 66

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 67

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 68

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 69

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 70

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.



For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.



For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 73

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 74

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.



Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.



For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011037.

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