2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Cultural, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (730), First Official Language Spoken (4), Age Groups (8D) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics , first official language spoken , age groups and sex for the population in New Brunswick / Nouveau-Brunswick
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 1 = 28.6 %
Selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics (730) First official language spoken (4)
Total population in private households by first official language spokenFootnote 2 English French English and French
Total population in private households by age group 735,835 503,050 230,715 1,430
0 to 4 years 36,495 26,150 9,920 250
5 to 9 years 36,645 26,870 9,675 55
10 to 14 years 40,260 30,035 10,085 120
15 to 19 years 45,620 33,715 11,740 145
20 to 24 years 43,590 30,830 12,655 95
25 to 29 years 41,465 28,510 12,865 75
30 to 34 years 43,175 28,885 14,190 80
35 to 39 years 47,795 32,850 14,820 85
40 to 44 years 50,815 34,960 15,715 105
45 to 49 years 61,265 41,635 19,425 120
50 to 54 years 62,030 40,490 21,445 65
55 to 59 years 58,540 37,160 21,270 65
60 to 64 years 53,760 34,720 18,965 50
65 to 69 years 38,495 24,535 13,895 55
70 to 74 years 28,420 19,355 9,010 30
75 to 79 years 21,960 14,700 7,180 20
80 to 84 years 14,190 9,675 4,490 15
85 years and over 11,330 7,955 3,370 0
Median ageFootnote 3 43.3 42.0 46.0 27.7
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by marital statusFootnote 4 622,435 419,995 201,030 1,010
Married or living with a common-law partner 380,815 255,040 124,980 555
Married (and not separated) 309,100 214,350 94,060 455
Living common law 71,715 40,695 30,920 100
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 241,620 164,960 76,055 455
Single (never legally married) 153,635 104,950 48,290 360
Separated 19,720 12,675 6,995 25
Divorced 32,190 23,110 9,030 25
Widowed 36,070 24,215 11,745 40
Total population in private households by mother tongue 735,835 503,050 230,715 1,435
Single responses 731,055 500,185 229,545 695
English 484,185 484,035 145 0
French 230,195 1,570 228,620 0
Non-official languages 16,680 14,575 780 700
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 5 2,090 2,070 0 15
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 2,080 2,060 0 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 6 11,775 10,195 530 605
Arabic 1,170 745 260 130
Bengali 170 145 0 0
Cantonese 145 120 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,135 970 0 0
Creoles 85 50 15 0
Dutch 765 715 0 40
German 1,565 1,490 0 60
Greek 65 60 0 0
Gujarati 55 50 0 0
Hindi 195 190 0 0
Hungarian 145 135 0 0
Italian 355 310 0 15
Korean 1,725 1,585 0 70
Mandarin 400 360 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 45 45 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 325 305 0 0
Polish 220 195 0 0
Portuguese 170 140 0 25
Romanian 340 220 45 45
Russian 310 280 0 20
Serbian 75 75 0 0
Spanish 1,070 835 110 100
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 510 500 0 0
Tamil 65 60 0 0
Ukrainian 100 95 0 0
Urdu 210 210 0 0
Vietnamese 370 305 20 40
Other languagesFootnote 7 2,810 2,305 245 80
Multiple responses 4,780 2,870 1,175 735
English and French 3,475 1,745 1,010 720
English and non-official language 1,100 1,105 0 0
French and non-official language 165 10 155 0
English, French and non-official language 35 0 0 0
Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 8 735,835 503,055 230,720 1,435
English only 424,875 424,875 0 0
French only 64,930 0 64,925 0
English and French 245,260 78,075 165,750 1,430
Neither English nor French 770 95 40 0
Total population in private households by language spoken most often at home 735,835 503,055 230,720 1,435
Single responses 730,915 500,890 228,720 675
English 511,925 489,000 22,920 0
French 210,610 5,165 205,445 0
Non-official languages 8,385 6,725 350 675
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 9 955 930 0 15
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 955 930 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 10 6,355 5,070 255 580
Arabic 680 460 60 120
Bengali 95 75 0 0
Cantonese 70 55 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 805 660 0 0
Creoles 250 110 0 0
Dutch 100 70 0 35
German 355 280 0 55
Greek 0 0 0 0
Gujarati 85 75 0 0
Hindi 100 95 0 0
Hungarian 10 0 0 0
Italian 75 50 0 0
Korean 1,450 1,305 0 65
Mandarin 350 305 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 135 115 0 0
Polish 70 55 0 0
Portuguese 70 40 0 30
Romanian 165 70 0 45
Russian 205 180 0 20
Serbian 70 70 0 0
Spanish 630 465 45 95
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 150 145 0 0
Tamil 30 30 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 0
Urdu 100 100 0 0
Vietnamese 275 220 0 40
Other languagesFootnote 11 1,075 725 90 85
Multiple responses 4,920 2,160 2,000 755
English and French 2,960 490 1,760 710
English and non-official language 1,690 1,655 25 0
French and non-official language 205 0 205 0
English, French and non-official language 70 15 0 45
Total population in private households by other language spoken regularly at home 735,835 503,050 230,720 1,430
None 652,820 476,055 175,245 985
English 49,375 6,715 42,345 240
French 27,100 14,610 12,375 105
Non-official language 5,965 5,410 510 35
Aboriginal 1,195 1,190 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 4,770 4,220 500 35
English and French 110 25 20 65
English and non-official language 240 45 200 0
French and non-official language 225 195 30 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenFootnote 12 26,570 21,455 3,735 750
Aboriginal languages 3,135 3,105 10 15
Algonquin 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0
Cree languagesFootnote 13 10 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 2,370 2,340 0 15
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesFootnote 14 750 750 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,450 18,365 3,725 740
Italian 960 735 165 45
Portuguese 275 195 55 30
Romanian 385 255 60 45
Spanish 5,655 3,365 2,095 165
Dutch 1,065 970 55 50
Flemish 20 20 0 0
German 3,285 2,895 275 105
Yiddish 15 10 0 0
Danish 190 175 0 0
Norwegian 85 85 0 0
Swedish 115 110 0 0
Afrikaans 120 105 0 0
Gaelic languages 125 120 0 0
Bosnian 80 80 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 0
Croatian 130 125 0 0
Czech 70 50 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0 0
Polish 225 205 0 0
Russian 570 515 30 20
Serbian 85 85 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 60 45 0 0
Slovak 60 60 0 0
Slovenian 20 20 0 0
Ukrainian 160 140 0 0
Latvian 40 35 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0
Greek 105 100 0 0
Armenian 25 0 0 0
Albanian 65 65 0 0
Estonian 20 15 0 0
Finnish 65 60 0 0
Hungarian 155 130 0 0
Turkish 80 80 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 0
Oromo 20 10 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0 0
Arabic 1,650 1,085 395 135
Hebrew 150 150 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
Bengali 215 195 0 0
Gujarati 125 120 0 0
Hindi 470 460 0 0
Konkani 15 20 0 0
Marathi 75 75 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 110 110 0 0
Sindhi 35 40 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 15 0 0
Urdu 315 310 0 0
Nepali 145 100 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0 0
Pashto 15 20 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 380 365 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
Kannada 35 35 0 0
Malayalam 105 105 0 0
Tamil 125 120 0 0
Telugu 175 175 0 0
Japanese 345 320 0 0
Korean 1,885 1,705 35 65
Cantonese 200 180 0 0
Fukien 0 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 465 420 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,185 1,005 25 0
Lao 0 0 0 0
Thai 60 60 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 435 365 20 40
Bisayan languages 70 70 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0
Malay 35 35 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 875 865 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0
Lingala 65 0 45 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 125 45 75 0
Swahili 300 160 90 25
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 75 20 40 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 0
African languages, n.i.e. 30 0 0 0
Creoles 445 165 255 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 15 1,415 1,015 280 0
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 16 728,980 498,260 228,790 1,345
Non-movers 649,895 440,675 207,745 1,110
Movers 79,090 57,585 21,040 230
Non-migrants 45,390 33,655 11,525 135
Migrants 33,700 23,930 9,520 95
Internal migrants 31,400 22,125 9,200 45
Intraprovincial migrants 21,915 14,890 6,995 30
Interprovincial migrants 9,480 7,240 2,210 15
External migrants 2,295 1,810 320 50
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 17 699,340 476,900 220,795 1,185
Non-movers 469,865 310,760 158,405 580
Movers 229,475 166,145 62,390 605
Non-migrants 119,645 87,475 31,990 130
Migrants 109,830 78,670 30,395 475
Internal migrants 100,640 71,130 29,295 195
Intraprovincial migrants 64,510 42,900 21,535 65
Interprovincial migrants 36,135 28,230 7,765 130
External migrants 9,190 7,535 1,095 280
Total population by citizenshipFootnote 18 735,835 503,055 230,720 1,430
Canadian citizens 722,470 491,890 229,235 1,075
Canadian citizens only 716,955 487,545 228,185 955
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 5,515 4,340 1,045 125
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 19 13,365 11,165 1,480 355
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 20 735,835 503,055 230,720 1,430
Non-immigrantsFootnote 21 704,235 476,065 227,175 805
Born in province of residence 588,575 382,265 205,480 690
Born outside province of residence 115,660 93,800 21,700 110
ImmigrantsFootnote 22 28,465 24,400 3,125 595
Americas 10,200 8,240 1,825 115
United States 8,225 6,790 1,415 0
Jamaica 55 60 0 0
Guyana 90 90 0 0
Haiti 230 0 195 0
Mexico 175 155 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 115 120 0 0
Colombia 400 320 50 0
El Salvador 35 30 0 0
Peru 35 25 0 0
Chile 50 40 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 790 605 135 45
Europe 10,260 9,455 565 220
United KingdomFootnote 23 5,260 5,250 0 0
Italy 235 195 0 15
Germany 1,650 1,530 60 55
Poland 145 135 0 0
Portugal 95 75 0 0
Netherlands 815 770 0 35
France 415 55 350 0
Romania 270 180 45 40
Russian Federation 65 45 0 0
Greece 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 130 125 0 0
Croatia 80 80 0 0
Hungary 95 90 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 110 105 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 150 145 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 740 660 65 10
Africa 1,605 875 565 125
Morocco 120 25 95 0
Algeria 50 0 25 25
Egypt 160 120 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 155 150 0 0
Nigeria 45 40 0 0
Ethiopia 70 30 0 0
Kenya 70 55 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 940 450 390 65
Asia 6,230 5,660 175 140
India 795 785 0 0
ChinaFootnote 24 1,050 875 55 0
Philippines 705 700 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 105 90 0 0
Viet NamFootnote 25 425 370 15 0
Pakistan 170 165 0 0
Sri Lanka 25 25 0 0
IranFootnote 26 235 225 0 0
Korea, SouthFootnote 27 1,620 1,495 0 55
Lebanon 235 155 35 35
Taiwan 40 35 0 0
Iraq 20 0 0 0
Bangladesh 95 95 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0
Japan 45 45 0 0
Turkey 20 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 620 530 40 0
Oceania and otherFootnote 28 170 170 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0 0
Other places of birthFootnote 29 170 170 0 0
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 30 3,135 2,580 415 35
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthFootnote 31 7,150 5,800 830 290
Americas 1,490 1,195 220 60
United States 830 780 45 0
Mexico 70 65 0 0
Cuba 70 65 0 0
Haiti 175 0 155 0
Jamaica 0 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0 0
Colombia 170 160 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0 0
VenezuelaFootnote 32 35 30 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 105 85 0 0
Europe 1,455 1,215 170 60
France 130 0 130 0
Germany 205 180 0 25
Poland 0 0 0 0
Romania 110 85 0 0
MoldovaFootnote 33 20 20 0 0
Russian Federation 15 0 0 0
Ukraine 50 50 0 0
United KingdomFootnote 34 680 680 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 235 185 20 25
Africa 925 445 365 85
Nigeria 25 20 0 0
Ethiopia 60 20 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0 0
Egypt 35 25 0 0
Morocco 70 0 50 0
Tunisia 50 0 30 20
Cameroon 0 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 105 35 35 0
South Africa, Republic of 75 70 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 480 250 180 40
Asia 3,275 2,940 80 85
Philippines 375 375 0 0
ChinaFootnote 35 445 350 0 0
India 110 110 0 0
Pakistan 25 20 0 0
IranFootnote 36 125 115 0 0
South KoreaFootnote 37 1,405 1,290 0 50
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0 0
Bangladesh 80 85 0 0
Lebanon 55 20 30 0
Viet NamFootnote 38 280 255 0 0
Taiwan 20 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0 0
Israel 30 25 0 0
Nepal 20 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0 0
SyriaFootnote 39 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 225 205 0 0
Oceania and otherFootnote 40 0 0 0 0
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 41 735,835 503,055 230,720 1,430
Non-immigrantsFootnote 42 704,235 476,065 227,175 805
ImmigrantsFootnote 43 28,465 24,405 3,125 595
Before 1971 6,970 6,400 500 50
1971 to 1980 5,340 4,380 915 0
1981 to 1990 2,835 2,450 325 50
1991 to 2000 3,025 2,695 220 80
2001 to 2011Footnote 44 10,290 8,480 1,165 405
2001 to 2005 3,140 2,685 335 120
2006 to 2011Footnote 45 7,155 5,795 830 285
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 46 3,135 2,580 415 35
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 47 735,835 503,050 230,715 1,430
First generationFootnote 48 33,315 28,560 3,670 630
Second generationFootnote 49 43,450 37,950 5,240 140
Third generation or moreFootnote 50 659,070 436,545 221,805 660
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 735,835 503,055 230,720 1,430
Aboriginal identityFootnote 51 22,620 17,645 4,930 35
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 52 16,120 14,135 1,945 30
Métis single identity 4,850 2,235 2,610 0
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 485 445 40 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 53 150 135 20 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 54 1,020 705 315 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 713,215 485,410 225,790 1,395
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 55 735,835 503,050 230,720 1,435
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 56 11,865 10,710 1,125 20
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 723,970 492,340 229,595 1,415
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 57 622,435 419,995 201,025 1,005
In the labour force 395,420 268,155 126,385 740
Employed 351,935 240,530 110,695 575
Unemployed 43,485 27,625 15,690 165
Not in the labour force 227,015 151,845 74,645 265
Participation rate 63.5 63.8 62.9 73.6
Employment rate 56.5 57.3 55.1 57.2
Unemployment rate 11.0 10.3 12.4 22.3
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker 395,420 268,155 126,385 740
Class of Worker - Not applicableFootnote 58 6,350 4,510 1,770 65
All Classes of WorkerFootnote 59 389,070 263,640 124,620 675
Employee 359,565 243,100 115,775 580
Self-employed 29,505 20,545 8,840 95
Self-employed (incorporated) 10,340 7,130 3,150 45
Without paid help 3,080 2,040 1,005 35
With paid help 7,260 5,090 2,145 0
Self-employed (unincorporated) 18,505 12,900 5,555 35
Without paid help 12,720 9,015 3,665 30
With paid help 5,795 3,885 1,890 0
Unpaid family worker 660 515 135 0
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011 395,420 268,155 126,385 740
Occupation - Not applicableFootnote 60 6,350 4,510 1,765 70
All occupationsFootnote 61 389,070 263,645 124,615 675
0 Management occupations 35,930 26,060 9,740 110
00 Senior management occupations 3,545 2,285 1,245 0
01-05 Specialized middle management occupations 12,765 9,335 3,375 45
06 Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services 12,400 9,010 3,350 25
07-09 Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities 7,225 5,425 1,770 25
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 55,670 37,780 17,775 110
11 Professional occupations in business and finance 8,075 5,590 2,450 30
12 Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations 19,520 12,220 7,265 30
13 Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations 3,805 2,830 950 0
14 Office support occupations 16,880 11,630 5,225 25
15 Distribution, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations 7,390 5,505 1,885 0
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 21,290 15,870 5,385 35
21 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 9,045 6,905 2,110 30
22 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 12,245 8,960 3,275 0
3 Health occupations 28,720 18,245 10,450 30
30 Professional occupations in nursing 8,360 5,270 3,085 0
31 Professional occupations in health (except nursing) 4,625 3,050 1,560 0
32 Technical occupations in health 8,270 5,585 2,675 0
34 Assisting occupations in support of health services 7,470 4,345 3,125 0
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 48,780 33,650 15,030 90
40 Professional occupations in education services 15,515 10,570 4,895 45
41 Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services 9,055 5,975 3,060 20
42 Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services 7,795 5,225 2,550 20
43 Occupations in front-line public protection services 5,950 4,575 1,375 0
44 Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations 10,470 7,310 3,150 0
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 7,280 4,965 2,260 60
51 Professional occupations in art and culture 2,500 1,655 825 20
52 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 4,780 3,310 1,435 40
6 Sales and service occupations 94,655 66,615 27,810 155
62 Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations 6,960 5,355 1,595 0
63 Service supervisors and specialized service occupations 12,990 9,120 3,820 0
64 Sales representatives and salespersons - wholesale and retail trade 16,655 11,665 4,965 25
65 Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations 21,650 15,355 6,265 25
66 Sales support occupations 15,050 10,400 4,605 30
67 Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c. 21,355 14,720 6,560 35
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 64,555 42,020 22,480 50
72 Industrial, electrical and construction trades 22,580 14,380 8,190 0
73 Maintenance and equipment operation trades 12,225 8,185 4,020 0
74 Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers 5,050 3,630 1,410 0
75 Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations 17,790 11,575 6,195 0
76 Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations 6,915 4,255 2,660 0
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 13,660 7,945 5,690 15
82 Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production 5,670 2,945 2,725 0
84 Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production 4,575 2,615 1,945 0
86 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers 3,410 2,380 1,025 0
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 18,520 10,490 8,005 20
92 Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators 3,505 2,585 920 0
94 Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers 6,415 3,720 2,700 0
95 Assemblers in manufacturing 1,830 1,020 810 0
96 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 6,765 3,170 3,570 20
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 62 395,420 268,150 126,385 740
Industry - not applicableFootnote 63 6,350 4,510 1,770 65
All industriesFootnote 64 389,070 263,645 124,620 675
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 15,480 9,070 6,375 30
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 4,865 2,920 1,935 0
22 Utilities 4,005 3,230 765 0
23 Construction 29,340 19,090 10,235 15
31-33 Manufacturing 33,325 19,805 13,480 30
41 Wholesale trade 12,235 8,710 3,495 25
44-45 Retail trade 46,290 32,730 13,465 80
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 19,240 14,280 4,935 30
51 Information and cultural industries 7,475 5,270 2,180 25
52 Finance and insurance 13,070 8,550 4,485 35
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,200 3,285 905 0
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 16,205 12,275 3,870 55
55 Management of companies and enterprises 250 200 50 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 19,025 15,080 3,905 25
61 Educational services 27,045 17,905 9,065 75
62 Health care and social assistance 49,655 31,310 18,285 60
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 6,170 4,350 1,755 65
72 Accommodation and food services 23,800 17,235 6,455 50
81 Other services (except public administration) 17,895 12,030 5,830 15
91 Public administration 39,515 26,315 13,155 40
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusFootnote 65 351,935 240,525 110,695 575
Usual place of work 289,460 197,040 91,850 455
Work in CSD of residence 128,490 92,330 35,865 190
Work in a different CSD in CD of residence 101,790 58,070 43,545 175
Work in a different CSD and CD in province of residence 54,575 43,595 10,890 90
Work in a different province 4,605 3,045 1,555 0
Worked at home 18,620 13,130 5,415 60
Worked outside Canada 1,310 980 330 0
No fixed workplace address 42,550 29,380 13,100 60
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationFootnote 66 332,000 226,415 104,945 520
Car, truck or van - as a driver 272,600 182,980 89,145 395
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 28,620 20,855 7,685 65
Public transit 7,330 5,950 1,365 0
Walked 17,615 12,540 5,035 40
Bicycle 1,610 1,250 355 0
Other methods 4,220 2,840 1,365 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 67 428,790 291,120 136,790 715
English 317,315 282,485 34,395 365
French 93,970 4,120 89,720 125
Non-official language 730 620 0 15
Aboriginal 350 340 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 380 280 0 0
English and French 16,395 3,565 12,635 195
English and non-official language 300 285 0 0
French and non-official language 10 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 75 35 30 0
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by other language used regularly at workFootnote 68 428,790 291,120 136,795 715
None 338,185 267,080 70,505 480
English 45,620 3,220 42,360 40
French 43,255 19,280 23,835 135
Non-official language 1,565 1,440 65 35
Aboriginal 515 510 0 10
Non-Aboriginal 1,050 930 65 35
English and French 0 0 0 0
English and non-official language 40 20 20 0
French and non-official language 120 80 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 69 622,435 420,000 201,025 1,005
No certificate, diploma or degree 154,895 90,470 64,005 255
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 70 167,820 124,410 43,145 175
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 71 299,725 205,115 93,880 580
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 72 69,775 45,710 24,000 55
Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)Footnote 73 38,940 24,710 14,195 35
Registered Apprenticeship certificateFootnote 74 30,835 21,000 9,805 25
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 116,470 81,040 35,280 110
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 75 17,880 11,660 6,135 55
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 95,600 66,700 28,465 355
Bachelor's degree 66,435 46,170 20,020 190
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 8,485 5,620 2,815 40
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 2,690 1,845 825 0
Master's degree 14,705 10,590 4,055 50
Earned doctorateFootnote 76 3,280 2,475 755 55
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 77 299,725 205,115 93,880 580
Education 27,760 18,545 9,165 30
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,195 4,535 1,635 15
Humanities 13,210 10,735 2,385 70
Social and behavioural sciences and law 19,570 14,100 5,385 60
Business, management and public administration 67,935 45,480 22,325 115
Physical and life sciences and technologies 7,395 5,640 1,735 0
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 10,930 8,195 2,680 50
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 69,105 47,205 21,770 110
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 6,925 5,150 1,770 0
Health and related fieldsFootnote 78 46,420 30,185 16,130 80
Personal, protective and transportation services 24,115 15,290 8,795 20
Other fields of studyFootnote 79 165 55 105 0
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by location of studyFootnote 80 299,725 205,115 93,880 575
Inside Canada 285,795 192,945 92,520 315
Newfoundland and Labrador 3,155 3,070 90 0
Prince Edward Island 3,735 3,295 435 0
Nova Scotia 18,300 16,585 1,695 20
New Brunswick 227,500 148,510 78,775 210
Quebec 10,590 3,020 7,525 40
Ontario 16,825 13,590 3,225 15
Manitoba 765 580 185 0
Saskatchewan 680 525 160 0
Alberta 2,650 2,375 270 0
British Columbia 1,560 1,385 150 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 15 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 13,930 12,170 1,360 265
Total population in private households by visible minority 735,835 503,055 230,720 1,435
Total visible minority populationFootnote 81 17,135 14,285 1,980 415
South AsianFootnote 82 2,445 2,250 115 15
Chinese 2,540 2,160 175 15
Black 4,870 3,695 1,085 70
Filipino 1,100 1,075 10 0
Latin American 1,160 945 135 65
Arab 1,375 910 325 115
Southeast AsianFootnote 83 725 605 55 45
West AsianFootnote 84 305 295 0 0
Korean 1,850 1,690 25 70
Japanese 300 270 15 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 85 90 70 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 86 355 330 0 20
Not a visible minorityFootnote 87 718,700 488,770 228,740 1,015
Total population in private households by selected ethnic origins (single and multiple responses)Footnote 88 735,835 503,055 230,720 1,435
Total population - Single responsesFootnote 89 383,840 237,600 144,955 755
Total population - Multiple responsesFootnote 90 351,995 265,450 85,765 680
Canadian - Total responses 370,235 209,745 160,060 360
Canadian - Single responses 202,775 108,580 94,000 150
Canadian - Multiple responses 167,470 101,170 66,060 205
English- Total responses 190,605 180,810 9,590 205
English - Single responses 41,095 40,475 620 0
English - Multiple responses 149,510 140,340 8,970 195
French - Total responses 199,930 90,455 109,005 445
French - Single responses 44,945 9,035 35,865 35
French - Multiple responses 154,985 81,420 73,145 410
Scottish - Total responses 146,230 140,990 5,080 130
Scottish - Single responses 22,305 21,735 565 0
Scottish - Multiple responses 123,925 119,255 4,510 125
Irish - Total responses 159,200 147,290 11,720 185
Irish - Single responses 25,215 23,450 1,740 20
Irish - Multiple responses 133,980 123,840 9,975 170
German - Total responses 34,865 33,345 1,370 130
German - Single responses 3,755 3,585 135 30
German - Multiple responses 31,110 29,760 1,230 100
Italian - Total responses 7,195 5,975 1,160 50
Italian - Single responses 1,150 905 210 20
Italian - Multiple responses 6,045 5,070 950 35
Chinese - Total responses 2,950 2,545 170 45
Chinese - Single responses 2,015 1,765 50 20
Chinese - Multiple responses 930 780 120 0
First Nations (North American Indian) - Total responses 32,365 24,180 8,130 55
First Nations (North American Indian) - Single responses 8,800 7,665 1,110 10
First Nations (North American Indian) - Multiple responses 23,565 16,510 7,015 45
Ukrainian - Total responses 3,030 2,985 30 0
Ukrainian - Single responses 500 495 0 0
Ukrainian - Multiple responses 2,535 2,485 30 0
East Indian - Total responses 2,605 2,395 165 0
East Indian - Single responses 1,270 1,175 55 0
East Indian - Multiple responses 1,335 1,225 115 0
Dutch - Total responses 16,365 15,880 425 65
Dutch - Single responses 2,455 2,340 70 40
Dutch - Multiple responses 13,915 13,535 360 25
Polish- Total responses 4,040 3,810 205 0
Polish - Single responses 550 520 0 0
Polish - Multiple responses 3,490 3,290 190 0
Filipino - Total responses 1,155 1,115 30 0
Filipino - Single responses 750 735 0 0
Filipino - Multiple responses 400 380 20 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Total responsesFootnote 91 10,485 10,130 330 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Single responsesFootnote 92 2,390 2,335 0 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Multiple responsesFootnote 93 8,095 7,795 275 0
Russian- Total responses 1,765 1,695 50 25
Russian - Single responses 170 170 0 0
Russian - Multiple responses 1,590 1,520 50 15
Welsh - Total responses 11,115 11,020 80 20
Welsh - Single responses 1,375 1,375 0 0
Welsh - Multiple responses 9,740 9,645 80 20
Norwegian - Total responses 2,865 2,795 35 0
Norwegian - Single responses 350 350 0 0
Norwegian - Multiple responses 2,515 2,450 35 0
Métis - Total responses 5,225 2,905 2,300 0
Métis - Single responses 700 235 465 0
Métis - Multiple responses 4,525 2,670 1,835 0
Portuguese - Total responses 1,360 1,110 225 25
Portuguese - Single responses 215 140 60 0
Portuguese - Multiple responses 1,145 970 170 0
American - Total responses 6,550 5,395 1,135 0
American - Single responses 560 490 70 0
American - Multiple responses 5,990 4,905 1,065 0
Spanish - Total responses 2,115 1,770 305 35
Spanish - Single responses 240 170 55 0
Spanish - Multiple responses 1,875 1,595 255 20
Swedish - Total responses 2,640 2,550 85 0
Swedish - Single responses 240 240 0 0
Swedish - Multiple responses 2,400 2,315 85 0
Hungarian - Total responses 1,015 920 95 0
Hungarian - Single responses 225 205 0 0
Hungarian - Multiple responses 795 715 80 0
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overFootnote 94 622,435 420,000 201,030 1,005
Without income 26,555 19,620 6,790 100
With income 595,880 400,380 194,240 910
Under $5,000Footnote 95 50,610 36,850 13,520 175
$5,000 to $9,999 53,270 35,285 17,820 95
$10,000 to $14,999 56,780 37,605 19,010 95
$15,000 to $19,999 67,580 43,470 23,995 80
$20,000 to $29,999 101,475 65,820 35,460 140
$30,000 to $39,999 82,575 54,080 28,400 65
$40,000 to $49,999 59,315 39,945 19,295 45
$50,000 to $59,999 39,125 27,085 11,990 50
$60,000 to $79,999 48,235 33,030 15,105 105
$80,000 to $99,999 18,730 13,335 5,365 25
$100,000 and over 18,185 13,880 4,275 35
$100,000 to $124,999 9,420 7,080 2,320 15
$125,000 and over 8,770 6,800 1,955 20
Median income $Footnote 96 26,582 26,762 26,315 20,066
Average income $Footnote 97 34,110 34,778 32,776 31,811
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overFootnote 98 622,440 420,000 201,030 1,005
Without after-tax income 26,750 19,745 6,860 100
With after-tax income 595,685 400,250 194,170 905
Under $5,000Footnote 99 51,815 37,660 13,920 175
$5,000 to $9,999 54,610 36,465 17,985 100
$10,000 to $14,999 59,070 39,185 19,715 90
$15,000 to $19,999 74,525 47,590 26,810 90
$20,000 to $29,999 121,795 78,160 43,410 155
$30,000 to $39,999 92,220 61,845 30,295 50
$40,000 to $49,999 57,745 39,675 17,990 75
$50,000 to $59,999 36,295 24,665 11,565 65
$60,000 to $79,999 31,150 22,340 8,735 75
$80,000 to $99,999 8,920 6,845 2,050 30
$100,000 and over 7,535 5,825 1,700 0
Median after-tax income $Footnote 100 24,458 24,720 24,112 19,752
Average after-tax income $Footnote 101 29,168 29,674 28,157 27,466
Total population aged 15 years and over by employment income statistics in 2010Footnote 102 622,435 420,000 201,030 1,010
With employment income 419,120 283,865 134,460 665
Median employment income $Footnote 103 26,939 27,359 26,083 20,155
Average employment income $Footnote 104 34,549 35,188 33,223 32,402
With wages and salaries 397,525 268,935 127,855 600
Median wages and salaries $Footnote 105 27,794 28,324 26,839 20,908
Average wages and salaries $Footnote 106 34,923 35,644 33,424 33,456
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010 395,425 268,155 126,385 745
Worked full year, full timeFootnote 107 215,590 151,690 63,530 325
All othersFootnote 108 179,825 116,465 62,855 415

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 2

Those classified in the category 'Neither English nor French' appear only in the 'Total' category in this table.

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Footnote 3

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

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Footnote 4

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 5

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 6

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 7

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the National Household Survey that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 8

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.

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Footnote 9

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal languages spoken most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 10

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal most often spoken at home (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 11

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the National Household Survey that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 12

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the NHS. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 13

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 14

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 15

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 16

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 17

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 18

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 19

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 20

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 22

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 23

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 24

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 25

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 26

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 27

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 28

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 29

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 30

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 31

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011.

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada.

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 32

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 33

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 34

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 35

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 36

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 37

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 38

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 39

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 40

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 41

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 42

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 43

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 44

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 45

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 46

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 47

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 48

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 49

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 50

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 51

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 52

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 53

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 54

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 55

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 56

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 57

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 58

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 59

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 60

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 61

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 62

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 63

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 64

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 65

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 66

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 67

Population by language used most often at work.

Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the other language used regularly at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 69

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 70

'High school diploma or equivalent' refers to graduation from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 71

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas', 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 72

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 73

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 75

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the National Household Survey (NHS). This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

For any other comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 76

'Earned doctorate.' This category refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.

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Footnote 77

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.

For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.

For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution from which the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 82

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 83

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 84

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 85

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 86

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 87

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 88

The category 'Total population in private households by selected ethnic origin (single and multiple responses)' indicates the number of respondents who reported a specific ethnic origin, either as their only ethnic origin or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. The sum of all total responses for all ethnic origins is greater than the total population estimate due to the reporting of multiple origins.

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Footnote 89

A single ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only.

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Footnote 90

A multiple ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins.

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Footnote 91

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 92

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 93

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 94

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 95

Including loss.

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Footnote 96

For population with income.

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Footnote 97

For population with income.

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Footnote 98

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 99

Including loss.

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Footnote 100

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 101

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 102

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) with income in that group.

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings.

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Footnote 103

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 104

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 105

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 106

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 107

Worked 49 to 52 weeks mostly full time (30 hours or more per week).

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Footnote 108

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, persons who worked in 2011 only and persons who worked mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week) or in 48 weeks or less in 2010.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011043.

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