2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Sociocultural, Education and Labour Characteristics (322), Sex (3) and Income Status in 2010 (6) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details selected demographic, sociocultural, education and labour characteristics , sex and income status in 2010 for the population in private households in Edmundston
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 1 = 25.4 %
Selected demographic, sociocultural, education and labour characteristics (322) Income status in 2010 (6)
Total - Income status in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measureFootnote 2 Population for the income status based on after-tax low-income measure Low-income population Prevalence of low income % Other population Concept not applicableFootnote 3
Total - Age groupsFootnote 4 21,075 20,870 4,010 19.2 16,855 205
Under 15 years 2,870 2,830 675 23.9 2,155 35
15 to 24 years 2,055 2,025 315 15.6 1,710 30
25 to 54 years 8,795 8,695 1,240 14.3 7,455 100
25 to 34 years 2,255 2,240 340 15.2 1,900 20
35 to 44 years 2,635 2,600 375 14.4 2,225 35
45 to 54 years 3,910 3,860 520 13.5 3,340 50
55 to 64 years 3,850 3,840 870 22.7 2,970 10
65 years and over 3,500 3,480 915 26.3 2,560 25
65 to 74 years 2,140 2,125 610 28.7 1,515 20
75 years and over 1,360 1,355 305 22.5 1,050 0
Population in private households by marital statusFootnote 5 21,075 20,865 4,015 19.2 16,855 205
Married or living with a common-law partner 11,595 11,480 1,340 11.7 10,140 120
Married (and not separated) 8,375 8,310 825 9.9 7,485 65
Living common law 3,225 3,170 510 16.1 2,660 55
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 9,475 9,390 2,670 28.4 6,710 90
Single (never legally married) 6,635 6,565 1,570 23.9 4,995 70
Separated 715 710 315 44.4 395 0
Divorced 915 905 340 37.6 565 0
Widowed 1,210 1,200 450 37.5 755 0
Persons in economic families by family structure and presence and age of childrenFootnote 6 17,635 17,450 2,630 15.1 14,820 185
Couple family 15,600 15,435 1,800 11.7 13,635 165
Couple only 6,305 6,240 815 13.1 5,425 65
Couple with children 9,110 9,005 965 10.7 8,040 100
With children under 18 years 6,565 6,475 845 13.1 5,635 90
Without children under 6 years 3,905 3,845 400 10.4 3,440 60
With children under 6 years 2,665 2,630 440 16.7 2,190 30
Couple with other relatives only 185 185 0 0.0 175 0
Lone-parent family 1,780 1,765 745 42.2 1,020 15
Female-parent family 1,400 1,390 660 47.5 730 15
Female-parent family with no other relatives 1,390 1,375 645 46.9 730 15
With children under 18 years 930 920 535 58.2 385 10
Without children under 6 years 565 555 290 52.3 265 10
With children under 6 years 365 365 250 68.5 115 0
Male-parent family 380 375 85 22.7 290 0
Male-parent family with no other relatives 380 380 85 22.4 295 0
With children under 18 years 200 195 75 38.5 120 0
Without children under 6 years 200 200 80 40.0 120 0
With children under 6 years 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Other economic familyFootnote 7 250 250 85 34.0 165 0
Persons not in economic families aged 15 years and overFootnote 8 3,440 3,415 1,385 40.6 2,035 25
Less than 65 years 2,170 2,160 735 34.0 1,425 15
65 years and over 1,270 1,260 650 51.6 605 10
Total children in economic familiesFootnote 9 5,090 5,030 905 18.0 4,130 60
Under 6 years 1,100 1,085 260 24.0 825 15
6 to 14 years 1,765 1,735 415 23.9 1,320 25
15 to 17 years 630 620 75 12.1 545 10
18 to 24 years 940 935 75 8.0 855 10
25 years and over 655 655 75 11.5 580 0
Total - Household living arrangementsFootnote 10 21,075 20,865 4,015 19.2 16,855 205
Total persons in households with at least one census family 17,655 17,470 2,555 14.6 14,915 185
Married spouses, common-law partners 11,525 11,410 1,335 11.7 10,075 115
Lone parents 825 820 325 39.6 500 10
Children in families with two parents present 3,870 3,820 420 11.0 3,400 50
Children in families with one parent present 1,130 1,120 470 42.0 650 10
Persons not in census families, living with relativesFootnote 11 120 120 0 0.0 105 0
Persons not in census families, living with non-relatives only 185 190 0 0.0 180 0
Total persons in non-census family households 3,415 3,390 1,455 42.9 1,935 25
Living with relativesFootnote 12 165 160 80 50.0 85 0
Living with non-relatives only 300 300 60 20.0 235 0
Living alone 2,955 2,930 1,315 44.9 1,615 25
Total population in private households by citizenshipFootnote 13 21,070 20,865 4,010 19.2 16,855 210
Canadian citizens 20,785 20,585 3,975 19.3 16,610 200
Canadian citizens aged under 18 3,495 3,440 760 22.1 2,685 50
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 17,290 17,145 3,220 18.8 13,925 150
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 14 285 280 35 12.5 245 10
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 15 21,075 20,865 4,015 19.2 16,855 205
Non-immigrantsFootnote 16 20,390 20,200 3,920 19.4 16,280 190
ImmigrantsFootnote 17 660 650 75 11.5 575 10
Before 1971 130 125 0 0.0 115 0
1971 to 1980 195 200 15 7.5 180 0
1981 to 1990 110 105 45 42.9 65 0
1991 to 2000 60 60 0 0.0 55 0
2001 to 2011Footnote 18 165 165 0 0.0 160 0
2001 to 2005 50 50 0 0.0 50 0
2006 to 2011Footnote 19 115 115 0 0.0 110 0
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 20 20 20 15 75.0 0 0
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationFootnote 21 660 650 75 11.5 575 10
Under 5 years 120 120 0 0.0 105 0
5 to 14 years 160 160 40 25.0 115 0
15 to 24 years 175 170 0 0.0 165 10
25 to 44 years 175 175 20 11.4 155 0
45 years and over 25 30 0 0.0 25 0
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 22 21,075 20,865 4,010 19.2 16,855 205
Non-immigrantsFootnote 23 20,390 20,195 3,920 19.4 16,280 195
Born in province of residence 18,000 17,825 3,505 19.7 14,315 180
Born outside province of residence 2,385 2,375 410 17.3 1,965 15
ImmigrantsFootnote 24 660 650 75 11.5 575 10
Americas 485 475 60 12.6 410 10
United States 470 460 60 13.0 400 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Peru 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Chile 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 15 15 0 0.0 0 0
Europe 85 90 0 0.0 80 0
United KingdomFootnote 25 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Italy 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Germany 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Poland 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
France 30 30 0 0.0 25 0
Romania 40 40 0 0.0 40 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Greece 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Africa 35 35 0 0.0 35 0
Morocco 15 15 0 0.0 15 0
Algeria 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Asia 50 50 0 0.0 40 0
India 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
ChinaFootnote 26 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Philippines 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Viet NamFootnote 27 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
IranFootnote 28 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Korea, SouthFootnote 29 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 30 30 0 0.0 30 0
Oceania and otherFootnote 30 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Other places of birthFootnote 31 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 32 25 20 20 100.0 0 0
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 33 21,075 20,865 4,010 19.2 16,855 210
First generationFootnote 34 730 710 90 12.7 625 15
Second generationFootnote 35 855 850 145 17.1 705 10
Third generation or moreFootnote 36 19,485 19,310 3,780 19.6 15,525 180
Total population in private households by visible minorityFootnote 37 21,070 20,865 4,015 19.2 16,855 210
Total visible minority populationFootnote 38 145 145 50 34.5 95 0
South AsianFootnote 39 50 50 0 0.0 10 0
Chinese 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Black 30 30 0 0.0 30 0
Filipino 20 20 0 0.0 0 0
Latin American 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Arab 30 35 0 0.0 30 0
Southeast AsianFootnote 40 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
West AsianFootnote 41 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 42 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 43 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Not a visible minorityFootnote 44 20,925 20,720 3,965 19.1 16,755 205
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 21,070 20,865 4,010 19.2 16,855 210
Aboriginal identityFootnote 45 410 255 105 41.2 150 155
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 46 240 100 40 40.0 60 140
Métis single identity 115 115 60 52.2 60 0
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 47 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 48 55 40 0 0.0 35 15
Non-Aboriginal identity 20,660 20,610 3,905 18.9 16,700 50
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 49 21,070 20,870 4,015 19.2 16,850 205
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 50 220 80 0 0.0 60 140
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 20,855 20,785 3,995 19.2 16,790 65
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 51 21,075 20,865 4,010 19.2 16,855 205
Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 52 695 550 185 33.6 370 145
First Nations (North American Indian) ancestryFootnote 53 595 455 150 33.0 305 145
Métis ancestry 105 110 45 40.9 60 0
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyFootnote 54 20,375 20,315 3,830 18.9 16,480 60
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 55 21,075 20,870 4,010 19.2 16,855 205
English 880 835 180 21.6 660 45
French 19,925 19,760 3,820 19.3 15,940 160
Non-official language 140 140 0 0.0 135 0
Aboriginal 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 140 140 0 0.0 135 0
English and French 125 125 0 0.0 110 0
English and non-official language 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Total - First official language spokenFootnote 56 21,070 20,865 4,015 19.2 16,855 205
English 930 885 185 20.9 695 45
French 20,125 19,960 3,825 19.2 16,140 165
English and French 20 20 0 0.0 0 0
Neither English nor French 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 57 20,875 20,675 3,955 19.1 16,715 205
Non-movers 18,755 18,580 3,295 17.7 15,285 175
Movers 2,120 2,095 665 31.7 1,430 30
Non-migrants 1,565 1,540 535 34.7 1,005 25
Migrants 550 550 125 22.7 420 0
Internal migrants 525 525 125 23.8 400 0
Intraprovincial migrants 365 370 100 27.0 270 0
Interprovincial migrants 160 155 25 16.1 130 0
External migrants 25 25 0 0.0 25 0
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 58 20,140 19,950 3,800 19.0 16,155 195
Non-movers 14,610 14,460 2,365 16.4 12,095 140
Movers 5,540 5,485 1,430 26.1 4,055 50
Non-migrants 3,760 3,730 1,035 27.7 2,695 35
Migrants 1,775 1,760 395 22.4 1,360 15
Internal migrants 1,655 1,640 390 23.8 1,250 20
Intraprovincial migrants 1,135 1,135 275 24.2 860 10
Interprovincial migrants 520 510 120 23.5 390 15
External migrants 120 115 0 0.0 115 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 59 18,205 18,040 3,335 18.5 14,700 170
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,655 4,610 1,650 35.8 2,960 45
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 60 4,775 4,730 785 16.6 3,940 45
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 61 8,775 8,695 895 10.3 7,795 75
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 62 2,655 2,620 450 17.2 2,170 30
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 2,795 2,760 285 10.3 2,470 35
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 63 725 715 50 7.0 670 0
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,605 2,600 115 4.4 2,490 10
Bachelor's degree 1,730 1,730 95 5.5 1,630 0
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 64 880 875 20 2.3 855 0
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 65 12,645 12,535 2,105 16.8 10,430 115
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,205 2,190 810 37.0 1,380 20
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 66 3,385 3,355 570 17.0 2,790 30
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 67 7,050 6,990 730 10.4 6,260 60
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 68 2,205 2,185 350 16.0 1,830 25
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 2,255 2,220 235 10.6 1,990 35
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 69 525 525 40 7.6 480 0
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,065 2,060 105 5.1 1,960 0
Bachelor's degree 1,425 1,420 85 6.0 1,335 0
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 70 640 640 15 2.3 620 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 71 18,205 18,035 3,335 18.5 14,700 165
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 72 9,425 9,340 2,440 26.1 6,905 85
Education 810 805 80 9.9 730 0
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 135 135 20 14.8 120 0
Humanities 155 145 25 17.2 125 0
Social and behavioural sciences and law 445 440 40 9.1 395 10
Business, management and public administration 1,955 1,945 175 9.0 1,770 15
Physical and life sciences and technologies 130 130 0 0.0 120 0
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 175 175 0 0.0 165 0
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 2,085 2,065 315 15.3 1,750 20
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 330 320 0 0.0 315 10
Health and related fieldsFootnote 73 1,790 1,780 75 4.2 1,705 10
Personal, protective and transportation services 740 730 135 18.5 595 10
Other fields of studyFootnote 74 25 25 0 0.0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceFootnote 75 18,205 18,035 3,335 18.5 14,700 170
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 9,430 9,340 2,440 26.1 6,905 90
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 8,775 8,695 895 10.3 7,795 80
Location of study inside Canada 8,530 8,455 885 10.5 7,570 75
Same as province or territory of residence 6,810 6,740 740 11.0 6,000 70
Another province or territory 1,720 1,710 145 8.5 1,570 10
Location of study outside Canada 245 240 10 4.2 230 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 76 18,200 18,040 3,335 18.5 14,705 165
In the labour force 10,985 10,870 1,155 10.6 9,715 120
Employed 9,865 9,770 920 9.4 8,845 100
Unemployed 1,125 1,100 230 20.9 870 20
Not in the labour force 7,220 7,170 2,185 30.5 4,985 50
Participation rate 60.4 60.3 34.6 not applicable ... 66.1 72.7
Employment rate 54.2 54.2 27.6 not applicable ... 60.1 60.6
Unemployment rate 10.2 10.1 19.9 not applicable ... 9.0 16.7
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by class of workerFootnote 77 18,205 18,035 3,335 18.5 14,700 170
Class of worker - not applicableFootnote 78 6,485 6,430 2,145 33.4 4,285 50
All classes of workerFootnote 79 11,725 11,605 1,190 10.3 10,420 115
Employee 10,985 10,870 1,075 9.9 9,790 110
Self-employedFootnote 80 740 735 110 15.0 630 0
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011Footnote 81 18,205 18,040 3,335 18.5 14,700 165
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 82 6,485 6,430 2,150 33.4 4,280 55
All occupationsFootnote 83 11,720 11,605 1,190 10.3 10,420 115
0 Management occupations 795 785 60 7.6 725 10
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 1,575 1,560 100 6.4 1,465 15
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 460 460 0 0.0 445 0
3 Health occupations 1,240 1,230 85 6.9 1,145 10
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 1,445 1,435 110 7.7 1,320 10
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 220 225 20 8.9 200 0
6 Sales and service occupations 2,940 2,895 505 17.4 2,395 40
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 1,935 1,920 215 11.2 1,710 15
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 345 330 40 12.1 290 10
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 765 765 40 5.2 725 0
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 84 18,205 18,035 3,335 18.5 14,705 170
Industry - not applicableFootnote 85 6,485 6,425 2,145 33.4 4,285 50
All industriesFootnote 86 11,725 11,610 1,190 10.2 10,420 115
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 445 445 45 10.1 395 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
22 Utilities 50 50 0 0.0 50 0
23 Construction 670 670 60 9.0 605 0
31-33 Manufacturing 1,495 1,490 95 6.4 1,390 0
41 Wholesale trade 245 250 15 6.0 230 0
44-45 Retail trade 1,635 1,615 195 12.1 1,425 15
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 550 550 45 8.2 510 0
51 Information and cultural industries 290 295 40 13.6 250 0
52 Finance and insurance 225 225 0 0.0 215 0
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 45 50 0 0.0 40 0
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 285 285 35 12.3 250 0
55 Management of companies and enterprises 0 0 0 not applicable ... 0 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 265 255 50 19.6 205 10
61 Educational services 825 820 45 5.5 780 0
62 Health care and social assistance 2,190 2,175 210 9.7 1,965 10
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 215 200 15 7.5 185 15
72 Accommodation and food services 635 625 180 28.8 440 10
81 Other services (except public administration) 470 465 100 21.5 370 0
91 Public administration 1,185 1,140 30 2.6 1,110 45
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010Footnote 87 18,200 18,040 3,335 18.5 14,700 165
Did not work in 2010Footnote 88 6,890 6,830 2,280 33.4 4,550 60
Worked in 2010 11,315 11,210 1,060 9.5 10,150 105
1 to 13 weeks 740 735 125 17.0 615 10
14 to 26 weeks 1,410 1,390 180 12.9 1,205 20
27 to 39 weeks 760 755 100 13.2 650 10
40 to 48 weeks 1,665 1,660 190 11.4 1,470 0
49 to 52 weeks 6,735 6,660 460 6.9 6,205 70
Average weeks worked in 2010 42.5 42.5 38.1 not applicable ... 42.9 42.6
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010Footnote 89 18,205 18,035 3,335 18.5 14,700 170
Did not work in 2010Footnote 90 6,890 6,830 2,275 33.3 4,550 60
Worked in 2010 11,315 11,205 1,060 9.5 10,150 105
Worked full-time in 2010 9,275 9,170 735 8.0 8,435 105
Worked part-time in 2010 2,040 2,035 320 15.7 1,715 0

Symbol(s)

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 2

Low income can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT).

For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household.

All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status.

Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006.

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Footnote 3

The low-income concepts are not applied in the territories and in certain areas based on census subdivision type (such as Indian reserves). The existence of substantial in-kind transfers (such as band housing) and sizeable barter economies or consumption from own production (such as product from hunting or fishing) could have made the interpretation of low-income rates more difficult.

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Footnote 4

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 5

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 6

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families.

Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person.

Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person.

Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

This category includes economic families where the reference person does not have a spouse or partner, nor a child in the family, only other relatives.

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Footnote 8

Economic family status - Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not the persons are members of an economic family.

Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 9

Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Persons in the economic family other than the economic family reference person are classified as the married spouse or the common-law partner of the reference person, children of the reference person (including grandchildren), or other economic family members (including foster children). Children of the reference person may be of any age or marital status.

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 10

Household living arrangements
Part A - Short definition
Refers to the classification of persons as members of a family household or of a non-family household, and whether they are family persons or persons not in a census family.
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the classification of persons as members of a family household or of a non-family household, that is, whether or not they are living in a household that contains at least one census family, and whether they are members of a census family or not in a census family. Persons not in census families are further classified as living with relatives, living with non-relatives (only) or living alone.

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Footnote 11

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 12

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 13

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 14

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 15

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 16

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 17

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 18

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 19

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 20

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 21

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 22

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 23

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 24

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 25

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 26

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 27

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 28

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 29

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 30

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 31

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 32

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 33

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 34

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 35

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 36

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 37

Visible minority
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups:  South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

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Footnote 38

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 39

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 40

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 41

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 42

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 43

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 44

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 45

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 46

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.


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Footnote 47

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 48

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 49

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 50

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian. 'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 51

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the NHS.

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Footnote 52

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.'

Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 53

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 54

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 55

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 56

First official language spoken
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to a variable specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act.

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Footnote 57

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 58

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 59

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 60

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 61

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 62

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 63

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 64

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 65

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 66

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 67

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 68

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 69

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 70

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 71

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.



For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.



For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 72

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 73

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 74

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 75

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 76

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 77

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 78

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 79

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 80

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 81

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011.

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Footnote 82

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 83

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 84

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 85

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 88

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 89

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 90

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011043.

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