2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Religion (19), Age Groups (10), Sex (3), Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force and Educational Characteristics (268) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details religion , age groups , sex , selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics for the population in private households in Edmundston
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 25.4 %
Selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics (268) Sex (3)
Total - Sex Male Female
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by marital statusFootnote 3 18,205 8,725 9,480
Married or living with a common-law partner 11,595 5,790 5,805
Married (and not separated) 8,375 4,185 4,190
Living common law 3,220 1,610 1,615
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 6,610 2,930 3,670
Single (never legally married) 3,770 2,050 1,720
Separated 720 410 305
Divorced 915 315 595
Widowed 1,210 155 1,050
Total - Census family statusFootnote 4 21,075 10,075 11,000
Married spouses 8,305 4,155 4,150
Common-law partners 3,220 1,605 1,610
Lone parents 830 200 630
Children in census families 4,995 2,590 2,405
Persons not in census familiesFootnote 5 3,720 1,520 2,195
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 6 20,880 9,995 10,885
Non-movers 18,760 9,060 9,700
Movers 2,120 930 1,185
Non-migrants 1,570 690 880
Migrants 550 245 305
Internal migrants 525 230 295
Intraprovincial migrants 370 165 205
Interprovincial migrants 160 70 95
External migrants 25 0 0
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 7 20,145 9,625 10,520
Non-movers 14,610 7,090 7,520
Movers 5,540 2,540 3,000
Non-migrants 3,765 1,695 2,070
Migrants 1,775 840 930
Internal migrants 1,655 770 890
Intraprovincial migrants 1,135 520 610
Interprovincial migrants 520 245 275
External migrants 120 80 45
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 8 21,070 10,075 11,000
English 880 405 475
French 19,925 9,495 10,425
Non-official language 135 85 50
English and French 130 80 45
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 9 21,075 10,075 11,000
English 705 325 375
French 20,210 9,655 10,555
Non-official language 40 25 0
English and French 75 40 40
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 10 21,075 10,075 10,995
English only 225 105 125
French only 8,560 3,885 4,680
English and French 12,275 6,075 6,200
Neither English nor French 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 11 11,725 6,065 5,660
English 840 510 335
French 10,210 5,200 5,015
Non-official language 0 0 0
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 0 0 0
English and French 660 345 310
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population by citizenshipFootnote 12 21,070 10,070 11,000
Canadian citizens 20,785 9,930 10,855
Canadian citizens only 20,550 9,815 10,735
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 235 120 120
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 13 290 145 145
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 14 21,070 10,070 11,000
Non-immigrantsFootnote 15 20,390 9,735 10,655
ImmigrantsFootnote 16 660 335 320
Before 1971 125 50 75
1971 to 1980 200 115 85
1981 to 1990 105 40 75
1991 to 2000 60 20 35
2001 to 2011Footnote 17 170 110 55
2001 to 2005 50 35 0
2006 to 2011Footnote 18 120 75 40
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 19 20 0 20
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationFootnote 20 660 335 325
Under 5 years 120 50 65
5 to 14 years 160 80 80
15 to 24 years 175 85 90
25 to 44 years 175 100 75
45 years and over 30 20 0
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 21 21,075 10,075 11,000
Non-immigrantsFootnote 22 20,390 9,735 10,650
Born in province of residence 18,005 8,770 9,235
Born outside province of residence 2,385 965 1,420
ImmigrantsFootnote 23 660 335 320
Americas 485 235 245
United States 465 220 240
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 15 15 0
Europe 85 60 30
United KingdomFootnote 24 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 30 20 0
Romania 40 35 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 40 20 15
Morocco 15 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 45 15 30
India 0 0 0
ChinaFootnote 25 0 0 0
Philippines 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamFootnote 26 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranFootnote 27 0 0 0
Korea, SouthFootnote 28 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 35 0 0
Oceania and otherFootnote 29 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthFootnote 30 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 31 25 0 20
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 32 21,070 10,070 11,000
First generationFootnote 33 725 350 380
Second generationFootnote 34 860 465 395
Third generation or moreFootnote 35 19,490 9,260 10,225
Total population in private households by visible minority 21,070 10,070 11,000
Total visible minority populationFootnote 36 150 100 45
South AsianFootnote 37 45 45 0
Chinese 0 0 0
Black 30 0 20
Filipino 15 0 0
Latin American 0 0 0
Arab 30 25 0
Southeast AsianFootnote 38 0 0 0
West AsianFootnote 39 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 40 0 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 41 0 0 0
Not a visible minorityFootnote 42 20,925 9,970 10,955
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 21,075 10,075 11,000
Aboriginal identityFootnote 43 410 205 210
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 44 240 130 110
Métis single identity 115 55 65
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 45 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 46 55 15 40
Non-Aboriginal identity 20,660 9,870 10,790
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 47 21,070 10,075 11,000
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 48 215 120 100
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 20,850 9,955 10,895
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 49 21,075 10,075 11,000
Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 50 695 330 370
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 51 595 280 315
Métis ancestry 105 55 55
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyFootnote 52 20,380 9,745 10,630
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 53 18,205 8,725 9,475
In the labour force 10,990 5,680 5,310
Employed 9,865 5,000 4,865
Unemployed 1,120 685 440
Not in the labour force 7,220 3,045 4,175
Participation rate 60.4 65.1 56.0
Employment rate 54.2 57.3 51.3
Unemployment rate 10.2 12.1 8.3
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerFootnote 54 10,990 5,680 5,310
Class of worker - not applicableFootnote 55 210 80 130
All classes of workerFootnote 56 10,775 5,600 5,180
Employee 10,080 5,180 4,900
Self-employedFootnote 57 700 420 280
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011Footnote 58 10,990 5,685 5,305
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 59 210 85 125
All occupationsFootnote 60 10,775 5,600 5,175
0 Management occupations 770 485 280
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 1,515 435 1,085
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 420 375 50
3 Health occupations 1,175 230 945
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 1,315 360 950
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 175 85 85
6 Sales and service occupations 2,680 1,090 1,590
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 1,765 1,730 30
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 230 205 30
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 740 610 130
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 61 10,985 5,680 5,305
Industry - not applicableFootnote 62 210 80 125
All industriesFootnote 63 10,775 5,600 5,180
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 380 315 65
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 0 0 0
22 Utilities 50 20 0
23 Construction 555 515 40
31-33 Manufacturing 1,440 1,140 300
41 Wholesale trade 225 150 75
44-45 Retail trade 1,500 745 750
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 530 430 100
51 Information and cultural industries 255 130 125
52 Finance and insurance 210 50 160
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 40 20 20
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 245 150 90
55 Management of companies and enterprises 0 0 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 235 145 90
61 Educational services 735 300 440
62 Health care and social assistance 2,060 415 1,650
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 180 110 70
72 Accommodation and food services 555 175 375
81 Other services (except public administration) 445 210 235
91 Public administration 1,135 575 565
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 64 12,645 6,085 6,565
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,205 1,040 1,160
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 65 3,385 1,755 1,630
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 66 7,055 3,290 3,765
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 67 2,205 1,345 860
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 2,255 955 1,295
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 68 530 150 375
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,065 835 1,230
Bachelor's degree 1,425 565 860
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 69 640 270 370
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 70 18,200 8,725 9,475
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 71 9,430 4,490 4,940
Education 810 260 555
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 135 55 80
Humanities 155 90 65
Social and behavioural sciences and law 445 150 300
Business, management and public administration 1,960 565 1,395
Physical and life sciences and technologies 125 85 40
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 180 130 50
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 2,085 1,990 95
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 325 290 35
Health and related fieldsFootnote 72 1,785 340 1,450
Personal, protective and transportation services 740 290 450
Other fields of studyFootnote 73 20 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceFootnote 74 18,205 8,725 9,475
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 9,430 4,490 4,940
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 8,775 4,235 4,540
Location of study inside Canada 8,530 4,070 4,455
Same as province or territory of residence 6,810 3,235 3,580
Another province or territory 1,720 840 880
Location of study outside Canada 245 165 80

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 4

Classification of persons according to whether or not they are members of a census family and the status they have in the census family (a census family is composed of a married couple or two persons living common law, with or without children, or of a lone parent living with at least one child in the same dwelling). A person can be a married spouse, a common-law partner, a lone parent, a child or a person not in a census family.

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Footnote 5

Persons not in census families may live with relatives (without forming a census family with them), they may live with non-relatives only or they may live alone.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 7

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 8

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 9

Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 10

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.

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Footnote 11

Population by language used most often at work.

Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 12

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 13

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 14

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 15

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 16

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 17

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 18

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 21

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 22

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 23

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 24

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 25

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 26

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 27

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 28

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 29

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 30

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 31

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 32

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 33

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 34

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 35

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 36

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 37

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 38

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 39

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 40

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 41

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 42

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 43

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 44

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 45

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 46

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 47

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 48

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 49

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the NHS.

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Footnote 50

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.'

Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 51

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 52

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 53

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 54

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 55

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 56

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 57

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 58

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011.

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Footnote 59

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 60

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 61

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 62

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 63

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 64

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 65

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 66

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 67

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 68

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 69

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 70

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.



For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.



For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 73

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 74

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.



Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.



For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011037.

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