2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Cultural, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (730), First Official Language Spoken (4), Age Groups (8D) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics , first official language spoken , age groups and sex for the population in Edmundston
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 1 = 25.4 %
Selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics (730) First official language spoken (4)
Total population in private households by first official language spokenFootnote 2 English French English and French
Total population in private households by age group 21,075 930 20,120 20
0 to 4 years 930 40 885 0
5 to 9 years 960 35 925 0
10 to 14 years 980 15 960 0
15 to 19 years 1,070 25 1,040 0
20 to 24 years 980 65 920 0
25 to 29 years 1,065 55 1,005 0
30 to 34 years 1,190 30 1,160 0
35 to 39 years 1,275 85 1,185 0
40 to 44 years 1,365 80 1,280 0
45 to 49 years 1,735 80 1,650 0
50 to 54 years 2,170 65 2,110 0
55 to 59 years 1,925 85 1,840 0
60 to 64 years 1,925 110 1,805 0
65 to 69 years 1,350 45 1,305 0
70 to 74 years 795 20 775 0
75 to 79 years 620 25 590 0
80 to 84 years 450 30 425 0
85 years and over 290 30 255 0
Median ageFootnote 3 47.0 47.5 46.9 45.0
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by marital statusFootnote 4 18,205 830 17,355 0
Married or living with a common-law partner 11,600 570 11,010 0
Married (and not separated) 8,375 445 7,910 0
Living common law 3,225 125 3,095 0
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 6,610 260 6,345 0
Single (never legally married) 3,770 140 3,625 0
Separated 720 50 670 0
Divorced 915 20 890 0
Widowed 1,210 50 1,155 0
Total population in private households by mother tongue 21,075 930 20,120 20
Single responses 20,945 920 20,010 0
English 880 865 0 0
French 19,925 0 19,920 0
Non-official languages 140 50 80 0
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 6 125 45 65 0
Arabic 70 0 50 0
Bengali 0 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0 0
Dutch 0 0 0 0
German 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0 0
Romanian 40 0 0 0
Russian 0 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0 0
Other languagesFootnote 7 15 0 0 0
Multiple responses 130 0 110 0
English and French 125 0 110 0
English and non-official language 0 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 8 21,070 930 20,125 25
English only 230 230 0 0
French only 8,560 0 8,565 0
English and French 12,275 700 11,555 25
Neither English nor French 0 0 0 0
Total population in private households by language spoken most often at home 21,070 925 20,120 25
Single responses 20,950 895 20,045 0
English 700 495 210 0
French 20,210 400 19,810 0
Non-official languages 35 0 30 0
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 9 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 10 35 0 25 0
Arabic 10 0 10 0
Bengali 0 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0 0
Dutch 0 0 0 0
German 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0 0
Russian 0 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0 0
Other languagesFootnote 11 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 125 40 75 0
English and French 75 0 55 0
English and non-official language 0 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population in private households by other language spoken regularly at home 21,070 930 20,120 25
None 18,290 500 17,770 0
English 2,350 240 2,110 0
French 365 180 180 0
Non-official language 45 0 35 0
Aboriginal 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 50 0 40 0
English and French 0 0 0 0
English and non-official language 20 0 20 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenFootnote 12 310 50 250 0
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0
Cree languagesFootnote 13 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesFootnote 14 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 310 50 245 0
Italian 0 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0 0
Romanian 40 0 0 0
Spanish 140 0 125 0
Dutch 0 0 0 0
Flemish 0 0 0 0
German 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 0
Russian 0 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0 0
Arabic 80 0 70 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0 0
Fukien 0 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0 0
Bisayan languages 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 0 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 15 25 0 25 0
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 16 20,875 930 19,925 0
Non-movers 18,760 820 17,915 0
Movers 2,120 110 2,010 0
Non-migrants 1,570 70 1,495 0
Migrants 555 40 510 0
Internal migrants 525 35 490 0
Intraprovincial migrants 370 20 350 0
Interprovincial migrants 160 15 145 0
External migrants 25 0 25 0
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 17 20,145 885 19,240 0
Non-movers 14,605 565 14,035 0
Movers 5,535 320 5,205 0
Non-migrants 3,765 155 3,605 0
Migrants 1,775 160 1,600 0
Internal migrants 1,655 130 1,520 0
Intraprovincial migrants 1,135 85 1,050 0
Interprovincial migrants 515 45 475 0
External migrants 115 35 80 0
Total population by citizenshipFootnote 18 21,070 930 20,120 25
Canadian citizens 20,785 795 19,980 0
Canadian citizens only 20,550 755 19,785 0
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 235 40 195 0
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 19 285 135 145 0
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 20 21,075 930 20,120 20
Non-immigrantsFootnote 21 20,390 680 19,700 0
Born in province of residence 18,005 490 17,510 0
Born outside province of residence 2,385 190 2,195 0
ImmigrantsFootnote 22 660 230 415 0
Americas 485 185 295 0
United States 470 180 280 0
Jamaica 0 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 15 0 0 0
Europe 85 25 50 0
United KingdomFootnote 23 0 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0 0
France 30 0 35 0
Romania 40 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0 0
Greece 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0 0
Africa 35 0 30 0
Morocco 15 0 15 0
Algeria 0 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0 0
Asia 45 0 35 0
India 0 0 0 0
ChinaFootnote 24 0 0 0 0
Philippines 0 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 0
Viet NamFootnote 25 0 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 0
IranFootnote 26 0 0 0 0
Korea, SouthFootnote 27 0 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 30 0 30 0
Oceania and otherFootnote 28 0 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0 0
Other places of birthFootnote 29 0 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 30 25 20 0 0
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthFootnote 31 120 30 75 0
Americas 15 0 0 0
United States 15 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0 0
VenezuelaFootnote 32 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 0
Europe 60 20 30 0
France 0 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0 0
Romania 40 0 0 0
MoldovaFootnote 33 0 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 0
United KingdomFootnote 34 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0 0
Africa 20 0 25 0
Nigeria 0 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0 0
Asia 20 0 0 0
Philippines 0 0 0 0
ChinaFootnote 35 0 0 0 0
India 0 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0 0
IranFootnote 36 0 0 0 0
South KoreaFootnote 37 0 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0 0
Viet NamFootnote 38 0 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0 0
SyriaFootnote 39 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0 0
Oceania and otherFootnote 40 0 0 0 0
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 41 21,075 930 20,120 25
Non-immigrantsFootnote 42 20,390 680 19,705 0
ImmigrantsFootnote 43 655 235 415 0
Before 1971 125 20 105 0
1971 to 1980 200 80 115 0
1981 to 1990 110 20 85 0
1991 to 2000 60 45 15 0
2001 to 2011Footnote 44 165 65 95 0
2001 to 2005 50 30 15 0
2006 to 2011Footnote 45 115 35 75 0
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 46 20 20 0 0
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 47 21,075 930 20,120 20
First generationFootnote 48 725 260 450 0
Second generationFootnote 49 855 120 735 0
Third generation or moreFootnote 50 19,490 540 18,935 0
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 21,070 930 20,120 20
Aboriginal identityFootnote 51 410 45 365 0
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 52 240 40 200 0
Métis single identity 115 0 110 0
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 53 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 54 55 0 55 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 20,660 880 19,755 20
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 55 21,070 930 20,120 20
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 56 220 40 185 0
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 20,850 890 19,940 25
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 57 18,205 830 17,355 0
In the labour force 10,985 455 10,525 0
Employed 9,865 405 9,455 0
Unemployed 1,120 45 1,070 0
Not in the labour force 7,215 375 6,835 0
Participation rate 60.3 54.8 60.6 0.0
Employment rate 54.2 48.8 54.5 0.0
Unemployment rate 10.2 9.9 10.2 0.0
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker 10,990 455 10,520 0
Class of Worker - Not applicableFootnote 58 210 0 200 0
All Classes of WorkerFootnote 59 10,780 445 10,320 0
Employee 10,080 430 9,635 0
Self-employed 700 20 685 0
Self-employed (incorporated) 270 0 270 0
Without paid help 100 0 100 0
With paid help 170 0 170 0
Self-employed (unincorporated) 415 15 400 0
Without paid help 245 0 240 0
With paid help 165 0 155 0
Unpaid family worker 15 0 15 0
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011 10,985 450 10,520 0
Occupation - Not applicableFootnote 60 210 0 200 0
All occupationsFootnote 61 10,780 450 10,320 0
0 Management occupations 765 45 720 0
00 Senior management occupations 80 0 80 0
01-05 Specialized middle management occupations 215 30 180 0
06 Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services 330 0 325 0
07-09 Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities 145 0 135 0
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 1,520 55 1,465 0
11 Professional occupations in business and finance 170 0 175 0
12 Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations 770 15 750 0
13 Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations 30 0 30 0
14 Office support occupations 285 20 270 0
15 Distribution, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations 255 20 240 0
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 415 40 375 0
21 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 160 20 140 0
22 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 255 20 240 0
3 Health occupations 1,175 35 1,135 0
30 Professional occupations in nursing 365 0 360 0
31 Professional occupations in health (except nursing) 235 0 230 0
32 Technical occupations in health 235 0 225 0
34 Assisting occupations in support of health services 340 0 320 0
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 1,310 65 1,245 0
40 Professional occupations in education services 420 25 400 0
41 Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services 195 10 185 0
42 Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services 320 0 310 0
43 Occupations in front-line public protection services 110 0 110 0
44 Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations 270 0 245 0
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 175 0 165 0
51 Professional occupations in art and culture 50 0 40 0
52 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 120 0 125 0
6 Sales and service occupations 2,680 130 2,545 0
62 Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations 90 0 90 0
63 Service supervisors and specialized service occupations 315 15 300 0
64 Sales representatives and salespersons - wholesale and retail trade 510 15 495 0
65 Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations 575 70 505 0
66 Sales support occupations 405 0 395 0
67 Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c. 785 0 765 0
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 1,765 40 1,715 0
72 Industrial, electrical and construction trades 625 25 600 0
73 Maintenance and equipment operation trades 325 0 325 0
74 Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers 55 0 55 0
75 Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations 640 10 615 0
76 Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations 115 0 115 0
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 235 0 230 0
82 Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production 60 0 55 0
84 Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production 75 0 80 0
86 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers 100 0 95 0
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 740 15 720 0
92 Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators 120 0 115 0
94 Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers 255 0 245 0
95 Assemblers in manufacturing 70 0 70 0
96 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 295 10 290 0
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 62 10,990 455 10,520 0
Industry - not applicableFootnote 63 210 0 200 0
All industriesFootnote 64 10,775 450 10,325 0
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 380 20 360 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 0 0 0 0
22 Utilities 50 0 45 0
23 Construction 550 20 530 0
31-33 Manufacturing 1,440 65 1,375 0
41 Wholesale trade 225 30 200 0
44-45 Retail trade 1,500 25 1,470 0
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 535 20 505 0
51 Information and cultural industries 255 45 215 0
52 Finance and insurance 210 0 210 0
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 35 0 40 0
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 245 20 220 0
55 Management of companies and enterprises 0 0 0 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 235 0 220 0
61 Educational services 740 45 695 0
62 Health care and social assistance 2,060 65 1,995 0
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 175 0 175 0
72 Accommodation and food services 550 30 520 0
81 Other services (except public administration) 445 0 435 0
91 Public administration 1,140 40 1,095 0
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusFootnote 65 9,870 405 9,450 0
Usual place of work 8,380 320 8,065 0
Work in CSD of residence 5,600 215 5,385 0
Work in a different CSD in CD of residence 2,310 55 2,255 0
Work in a different CSD and CD in province of residence 295 35 260 0
Work in a different province 175 0 165 0
Worked at home 515 40 480 0
Worked outside Canada 70 20 55 0
No fixed workplace address 905 35 855 0
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationFootnote 66 9,280 350 8,920 0
Car, truck or van - as a driver 8,225 310 7,900 0
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 350 0 340 0
Public transit 25 0 0 0
Walked 525 20 505 0
Bicycle 35 0 30 0
Other methods 130 0 130 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 67 11,720 475 11,230 0
English 840 220 610 0
French 10,210 190 10,020 0
Non-official language 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 0 0 0 0
English and French 660 60 590 0
English and non-official language 0 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by other language used regularly at workFootnote 68 11,725 470 11,230 0
None 6,560 210 6,330 0
English 4,620 125 4,500 0
French 540 135 410 0
Non-official language 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 0 0 0 0
English and French 0 0 0 0
English and non-official language 0 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 69 18,205 835 17,350 0
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,650 155 4,495 0
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 70 4,775 295 4,470 0
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 71 8,775 385 8,385 0
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 72 2,655 80 2,565 0
Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)Footnote 73 1,730 60 1,660 0
Registered Apprenticeship certificateFootnote 74 920 20 905 0
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 2,795 160 2,630 0
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 75 725 10 710 0
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,610 130 2,480 0
Bachelor's degree 1,730 80 1,650 0
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 265 15 255 0
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 180 0 170 0
Master's degree 340 0 325 0
Earned doctorateFootnote 76 90 0 85 0
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 77 8,775 380 8,385 0
Education 810 45 770 0
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 135 0 125 0
Humanities 155 15 140 0
Social and behavioural sciences and law 445 30 415 0
Business, management and public administration 1,960 80 1,880 0
Physical and life sciences and technologies 130 0 120 0
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 175 0 175 0
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 2,085 100 1,975 0
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 325 10 315 0
Health and related fieldsFootnote 78 1,785 50 1,735 0
Personal, protective and transportation services 740 30 710 0
Other fields of studyFootnote 79 20 0 20 0
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by location of studyFootnote 80 8,775 385 8,385 0
Inside Canada 8,530 320 8,205 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 20 0 25 0
Nova Scotia 125 0 110 0
New Brunswick 6,810 255 6,550 0
Quebec 1,300 30 1,265 0
Ontario 240 20 220 0
Manitoba 15 0 10 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0
Alberta 10 0 0 0
British Columbia 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 245 60 180 0
Total population in private households by visible minority 21,075 930 20,125 25
Total visible minority populationFootnote 81 145 30 120 0
South AsianFootnote 82 45 0 45 0
Chinese 0 0 0 0
Black 30 0 25 0
Filipino 20 0 0 0
Latin American 0 0 0 0
Arab 30 0 20 0
Southeast AsianFootnote 83 0 0 0 0
West AsianFootnote 84 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 85 0 0 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 86 0 0 0 0
Not a visible minorityFootnote 87 20,925 900 20,000 0
Total population in private households by selected ethnic origins (single and multiple responses)Footnote 88 21,075 925 20,125 20
Total population - Single responsesFootnote 89 14,530 450 14,065 0
Total population - Multiple responsesFootnote 90 6,545 475 6,060 0
Canadian - Total responses 16,215 420 15,790 0
Canadian - Single responses 10,690 160 10,530 0
Canadian - Multiple responses 5,525 265 5,260 0
English- Total responses 575 210 355 0
English - Single responses 70 65 0 0
English - Multiple responses 510 145 355 0
French - Total responses 8,295 320 7,970 0
French - Single responses 2,775 70 2,705 0
French - Multiple responses 5,520 245 5,265 0
Scottish - Total responses 305 80 230 0
Scottish - Single responses 75 0 65 0
Scottish - Multiple responses 230 70 155 0
Irish - Total responses 930 165 765 0
Irish - Single responses 180 25 155 0
Irish - Multiple responses 750 140 605 0
German - Total responses 80 50 35 0
German - Single responses 0 0 0 0
German - Multiple responses 75 45 25 0
Italian - Total responses 225 35 185 0
Italian - Single responses 50 0 50 0
Italian - Multiple responses 175 35 140 0
Chinese - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Chinese - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Chinese - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) - Total responses 595 50 540 0
First Nations (North American Indian) - Single responses 165 25 145 0
First Nations (North American Indian) - Multiple responses 430 30 405 0
Ukrainian - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
East Indian - Total responses 45 0 35 0
East Indian - Single responses 0 0 0 0
East Indian - Multiple responses 35 0 30 0
Dutch - Total responses 25 15 0 0
Dutch - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Dutch - Multiple responses 20 20 0 0
Polish- Total responses 0 0 0 0
Polish - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Polish - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Filipino - Total responses 15 0 0 0
Filipino - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Filipino - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Total responsesFootnote 91 0 0 0 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Single responsesFootnote 92 0 0 0 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Multiple responsesFootnote 93 0 0 0 0
Russian- Total responses 0 0 0 0
Russian - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Russian - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Welsh - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Welsh - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Welsh - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Norwegian - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Norwegian - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Norwegian - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Métis - Total responses 105 0 105 0
Métis - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Métis - Multiple responses 95 0 95 0
Portuguese - Total responses 20 0 0 0
Portuguese - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Portuguese - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
American - Total responses 490 115 375 0
American - Single responses 65 35 30 0
American - Multiple responses 425 75 345 0
Spanish - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Spanish - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Spanish - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Swedish - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Swedish - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Swedish - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Hungarian - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Hungarian - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Hungarian - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overFootnote 94 18,205 830 17,355 0
Without income 625 45 580 0
With income 17,580 790 16,770 0
Under $5,000Footnote 95 1,060 70 985 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$5,000 to $9,999 1,905 90 1,810 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$10,000 to $14,999 1,745 80 1,665 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$15,000 to $19,999 2,315 125 2,185 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$20,000 to $29,999 2,955 120 2,835 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$30,000 to $39,999 2,530 95 2,430 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$40,000 to $49,999 1,820 65 1,750 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$50,000 to $59,999 1,020 45 960 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$60,000 to $79,999 1,580 65 1,515 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$80,000 to $99,999 335 10 330 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$100,000 and over 325 20 305 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$100,000 to $124,999 140 0 120 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$125,000 and over 185 0 180 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Median income $Footnote 96 25,562 21,111 25,760 0
Average income $Footnote 97 31,920 30,588 31,990 0
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overFootnote 98 18,200 830 17,350 0
Without after-tax income 630 40 585 0
With after-tax income 17,575 790 16,765 0
Under $5,000Footnote 99 1,130 65 1,055 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$5,000 to $9,999 1,890 95 1,785 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$10,000 to $14,999 1,810 85 1,720 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$15,000 to $19,999 2,535 140 2,400 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$20,000 to $29,999 3,675 140 3,530 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$30,000 to $39,999 2,915 85 2,830 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$40,000 to $49,999 1,470 70 1,390 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$50,000 to $59,999 1,240 50 1,195 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$60,000 to $79,999 590 25 565 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$80,000 to $99,999 165 25 145 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$100,000 and over 160 0 155 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Median after-tax income $Footnote 100 23,777 20,502 23,848 0
Average after-tax income $Footnote 101 27,612 26,862 27,651 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by employment income statistics in 2010Footnote 102 18,200 830 17,355 0
With employment income 11,930 480 11,425 0
Median employment income $Footnote 103 26,184 22,024 26,372 0
Average employment income $Footnote 104 32,329 32,500 32,333 0
With wages and salaries 11,390 450 10,925 0
Median wages and salaries $Footnote 105 27,253 23,258 27,383 0
Average wages and salaries $Footnote 106 32,306 32,727 32,282 0
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010 10,985 450 10,520 0
Worked full year, full timeFootnote 107 5,875 260 5,615 0
All othersFootnote 108 5,115 200 4,905 0

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 2

Those classified in the category 'Neither English nor French' appear only in the 'Total' category in this table.

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Footnote 3

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

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Footnote 4

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 5

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 6

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 7

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the National Household Survey that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 8

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.

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Footnote 9

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal languages spoken most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 10

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal most often spoken at home (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 11

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the National Household Survey that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 12

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the NHS. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 13

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 14

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 15

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 16

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 17

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 18

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 19

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 20

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 22

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 23

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 24

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 25

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 26

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 27

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 28

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 29

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 30

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 31

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011.

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada.

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 32

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 33

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 34

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 35

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 36

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 37

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 38

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 39

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 40

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 41

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 42

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 43

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 44

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 45

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 46

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 47

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 48

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 49

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 50

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 51

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 52

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 53

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 54

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 55

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 57

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 58

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 59

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 60

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 61

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 62

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 63

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 64

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 65

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 66

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 67

Population by language used most often at work.

Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the other language used regularly at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 69

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 70

'High school diploma or equivalent' refers to graduation from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 71

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas', 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 72

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 73

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 75

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the National Household Survey (NHS). This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

For any other comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 76

'Earned doctorate.' This category refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.

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Footnote 77

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.

For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.

For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution from which the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 82

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 83

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 84

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 85

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 86

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 87

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 88

The category 'Total population in private households by selected ethnic origin (single and multiple responses)' indicates the number of respondents who reported a specific ethnic origin, either as their only ethnic origin or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. The sum of all total responses for all ethnic origins is greater than the total population estimate due to the reporting of multiple origins.

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Footnote 89

A single ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only.

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Footnote 90

A multiple ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins.

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Footnote 91

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 92

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 93

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 94

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 95

Including loss.

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Footnote 96

For population with income.

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Footnote 97

For population with income.

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Footnote 98

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 99

Including loss.

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Footnote 100

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 101

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 102

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) with income in that group.

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings.

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Footnote 103

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 104

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 105

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 106

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 107

Worked 49 to 52 weeks mostly full time (30 hours or more per week).

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Footnote 108

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, persons who worked in 2011 only and persons who worked mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week) or in 48 weeks or less in 2010.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011043.

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