2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Cultural, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (688), Mother tongue (4), Age Groups (8D) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics , mother tongue , age groups and sex for the population in Edmundston
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 1 = 25.4 %
Selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics (688) Mother tongue (4)
Total population in private households by mother tongueFootnote 2 English French English and French
Total population in private households by age group 21,075 880 19,930 125
0 to 4 years 930 45 880 0
5 to 9 years 965 40 925 0
10 to 14 years 980 0 955 0
15 to 19 years 1,070 15 1,035 0
20 to 24 years 985 60 910 0
25 to 29 years 1,060 65 990 0
30 to 34 years 1,190 25 1,160 0
35 to 39 years 1,275 80 1,160 0
40 to 44 years 1,360 75 1,285 0
45 to 49 years 1,730 75 1,590 0
50 to 54 years 2,175 60 2,085 0
55 to 59 years 1,925 85 1,835 0
60 to 64 years 1,925 100 1,795 0
65 to 69 years 1,350 35 1,310 0
70 to 74 years 795 20 770 0
75 to 79 years 620 30 580 0
80 to 84 years 450 25 415 0
85 years and over 290 30 255 0
Median ageFootnote 3 47.0 47.4 47.0 45.7
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by marital statusFootnote 4 18,205 785 17,165 120
Married or living with a common-law partner 11,595 535 10,890 60
Married (and not separated) 8,375 410 7,795 60
Living common law 3,220 125 3,095 0
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 6,610 250 6,275 55
Single (never legally married) 3,765 130 3,570 50
Separated 720 50 665 0
Divorced 915 20 885 0
Widowed 1,210 50 1,150 0
Total population in private households by first official language spoken 21,070 885 19,925 125
English 925 865 0 0
French 20,120 0 19,920 105
English and French 25 0 0 0
Neither English nor French 0 0 0 0
Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 5 21,070 880 19,925 125
English only 230 195 0 0
French only 8,560 0 8,495 0
English and French 12,275 670 11,420 120
Neither English nor French 0 0 0 0
Total population in private households by language spoken most often at home 21,070 885 19,925 125
Single responses 20,950 870 19,865 120
English 700 455 210 0
French 20,210 410 19,650 105
Non-official languages 40 0 0 0
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 6 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 7 35 0 0 0
Arabic 15 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0 0
Dutch 0 0 0 0
German 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0 0
Russian 0 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0 0
Other languagesFootnote 8 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 125 0 60 0
English and French 75 0 55 0
English and non-official language 0 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population in private households by other language spoken regularly at home 21,075 880 19,925 125
None 18,290 485 17,615 105
English 2,350 240 2,095 10
French 365 160 180 0
Non-official language 50 0 20 0
Aboriginal 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 45 0 20 0
English and French 0 0 0 0
English and non-official language 20 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenFootnote 9 310 0 170 0
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0
Cree languagesFootnote 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesFootnote 11 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 310 0 170 0
Italian 0 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0 0
Romanian 45 0 0 0
Spanish 135 0 125 0
Dutch 0 0 0 0
Flemish 0 0 0 0
German 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 0
Russian 0 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0 0
Arabic 80 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0 0
Fukien 0 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0 0
Bisayan languages 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 0 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 12 25 0 0 0
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 13 20,875 880 19,735 120
Non-movers 18,755 765 17,755 125
Movers 2,120 115 1,975 0
Non-migrants 1,570 75 1,475 0
Migrants 550 40 500 0
Internal migrants 525 40 485 0
Intraprovincial migrants 365 15 345 0
Interprovincial migrants 160 25 135 0
External migrants 25 0 0 0
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 14 20,145 835 19,050 125
Non-movers 14,605 535 13,910 115
Movers 5,535 305 5,135 10
Non-migrants 3,760 155 3,580 0
Migrants 1,775 145 1,555 0
Internal migrants 1,655 135 1,510 0
Intraprovincial migrants 1,140 80 1,050 0
Interprovincial migrants 520 55 460 0
External migrants 120 10 45 0
Total population by citizenshipFootnote 15 21,075 880 19,930 125
Canadian citizens 20,790 770 19,830 125
Canadian citizens only 20,550 735 19,655 120
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 235 35 170 0
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 16 290 110 100 0
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 17 21,070 885 19,930 125
Non-immigrantsFootnote 18 20,390 670 19,590 120
Born in province of residence 18,005 475 17,440 90
Born outside province of residence 2,385 195 2,155 0
ImmigrantsFootnote 19 660 190 335 0
Americas 485 185 285 0
United States 465 185 275 0
Jamaica 0 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0 0
Europe 90 0 40 0
United KingdomFootnote 20 0 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0 0
France 30 0 30 0
Romania 40 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0 0
Greece 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0 0
Africa 35 0 0 0
Morocco 20 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0 0
Asia 45 0 0 0
India 0 0 0 0
ChinaFootnote 21 0 0 0 0
Philippines 0 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 0
Viet NamFootnote 22 0 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 0
IranFootnote 23 0 0 0 0
Korea, SouthFootnote 24 0 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 30 0 0 0
Oceania and otherFootnote 25 0 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0 0
Other places of birthFootnote 26 0 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 27 25 20 0 0
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthFootnote 28 115 0 30 0
Americas 15 0 0 0
United States 10 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0 0
VenezuelaFootnote 29 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 0
Europe 60 0 0 0
France 0 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0 0
Romania 40 0 0 0
MoldovaFootnote 30 0 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 0
United KingdomFootnote 31 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0 0
Africa 20 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0 0
Asia 20 0 0 0
Philippines 0 0 0 0
ChinaFootnote 32 0 0 0 0
India 0 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0 0
IranFootnote 33 0 0 0 0
Korea, SouthFootnote 34 0 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0 0
Viet NamFootnote 35 0 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0 0
SyriaFootnote 36 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0 0
Oceania and otherFootnote 37 0 0 0 0
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 38 21,070 880 19,925 125
Non-immigrantsFootnote 39 20,390 670 19,590 120
ImmigrantsFootnote 40 655 190 330 0
Before 1971 125 15 95 0
1971 to 1980 200 85 105 0
1981 to 1990 110 20 80 0
1991 to 2000 60 35 15 0
2001 to 2011Footnote 41 165 35 35 0
2001 to 2005 50 30 0 0
2006 to 2011Footnote 42 115 0 25 0
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 43 25 20 0 0
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 44 21,070 880 19,925 125
First generationFootnote 45 730 220 370 0
Second generationFootnote 46 860 120 705 40
Third generation or moreFootnote 47 19,485 540 18,855 85
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 21,070 885 19,930 125
Aboriginal identityFootnote 48 410 50 360 0
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 49 240 35 205 0
Métis single identity 110 0 105 0
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 50 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 51 55 0 50 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 20,665 835 19,565 120
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 52 21,070 880 19,930 130
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 53 220 35 180 0
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 20,855 845 19,745 125
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 54 18,205 785 17,165 120
In the labour force 10,990 450 10,395 80
Employed 9,865 400 9,330 80
Unemployed 1,125 50 1,060 0
Not in the labour force 7,215 345 6,775 40
Participation rate 60.4 57.3 60.6 66.7
Employment rate 54.2 51.0 54.4 66.7
Unemployment rate 10.2 11.1 10.2 0.0
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker 10,985 445 10,395 80
Class of Worker- Not applicableFootnote 55 205 0 195 0
All Classes of WorkerFootnote 56 10,780 445 10,200 80
Employee 10,080 425 9,520 80
Self-employed 700 15 675 0
Self-employed (incorporated) 270 0 260 0
Without paid help 95 0 95 0
With paid help 175 0 165 0
Self-employed (unincorporated) 410 10 400 0
Without paid help 245 0 245 0
With paid help 165 0 160 0
Unpaid family worker 15 0 15 0
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011 10,990 445 10,395 85
Occupation - Not applicableFootnote 57 210 0 190 0
All occupationsFootnote 58 10,780 440 10,200 80
0 Management occupations 765 45 720 0
00 Senior management occupations 80 0 80 0
01-05 Specialized middle management occupations 215 30 180 0
06 Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services 335 0 330 0
07-09 Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities 145 0 140 0
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 1,515 55 1,455 0
11 Professional occupations in business and finance 175 0 170 0
12 Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations 775 15 750 0
13 Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations 30 0 30 0
14 Office support occupations 285 15 260 0
15 Distribution, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations 255 20 240 0
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 415 40 380 0
21 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 160 20 135 0
22 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 260 20 235 0
3 Health occupations 1,170 40 1,100 0
30 Professional occupations in nursing 370 0 360 0
31 Professional occupations in health (except nursing) 235 0 195 0
32 Technical occupations in health 235 0 225 0
34 Assisting occupations in support of health services 335 0 325 0
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 1,310 65 1,235 0
40 Professional occupations in education services 420 25 390 0
41 Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services 195 0 185 0
42 Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services 320 0 310 0
43 Occupations in front-line public protection services 110 0 110 0
44 Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations 270 0 245 0
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 175 0 165 0
51 Professional occupations in art and culture 55 0 40 0
52 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 125 0 125 0
6 Sales and service occupations 2,680 125 2,495 40
62 Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations 90 0 85 0
63 Service supervisors and specialized service occupations 320 15 300 0
64 Sales representatives and salespersons - wholesale and retail trade 510 15 475 0
65 Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations 575 70 510 0
66 Sales support occupations 405 0 385 0
67 Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c. 785 0 745 0
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 1,765 35 1,695 0
72 Industrial, electrical and construction trades 620 25 600 0
73 Maintenance and equipment operation trades 325 0 325 0
74 Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers 55 0 55 0
75 Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations 640 0 600 0
76 Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations 115 0 115 0
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 230 0 230 0
82 Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production 60 0 55 0
84 Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production 75 0 75 0
86 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers 100 0 100 0
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 735 15 720 0
92 Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators 120 0 115 0
94 Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers 255 0 250 0
95 Assemblers in manufacturing 70 0 70 0
96 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 300 10 290 0
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 59 10,985 445 10,395 85
Industry - not applicableFootnote 60 205 0 195 0
All industriesFootnote 61 10,775 440 10,200 80
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 380 0 365 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 0 0 0 0
22 Utilities 50 0 45 0
23 Construction 550 25 530 0
31-33 Manufacturing 1,435 65 1,375 0
41 Wholesale trade 230 25 200 0
44-45 Retail trade 1,500 20 1,440 25
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 535 20 485 0
51 Information and cultural industries 255 45 210 0
52 Finance and insurance 210 0 210 0
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 40 0 40 0
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 245 25 220 0
55 Management of companies and enterprises 0 0 0 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 235 0 200 0
61 Educational services 740 45 685 0
62 Health care and social assistance 2,060 70 1,960 0
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 180 0 180 0
72 Accommodation and food services 555 35 520 0
81 Other services (except public administration) 450 0 440 0
91 Public administration 1,135 40 1,095 0
Total employed population 15 years and over by place of work statusFootnote 62 9,865 395 9,335 80
Usual place of work 8,380 320 7,965 55
Work in CSD of residence 5,600 210 5,300 50
Work in a different CSD in CD of residence 2,310 55 2,250 0
Work in a different CSD and CD in province of residence 295 30 260 0
Work in a different province 175 0 155 0
Worked at home 515 35 480 0
Worked outside Canada 70 10 55 0
No fixed workplace address 905 30 840 0
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationFootnote 63 9,285 345 8,800 75
Car, truck or van - as a driver 8,220 295 7,810 55
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 350 0 335 0
Public transit 20 0 0 0
Walked 530 25 490 0
Bicycle 30 0 35 0
Other methods 130 0 120 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 64 11,720 460 11,100 95
English 840 210 595 0
French 10,210 175 9,930 60
Non-official language 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 0 0 0 0
English and French 660 70 570 0
English and non-official language 0 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by other language used regularly at workFootnote 65 11,720 460 11,105 100
None 6,560 215 6,255 60
English 4,620 120 4,460 15
French 540 125 390 0
Non-official language 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 0 0 0 0
English and French 0 0 0 0
English and non-official language 0 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 66 18,205 785 17,165 120
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,655 140 4,480 15
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 67 4,775 285 4,425 50
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 68 8,775 360 8,260 55
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 69 2,650 70 2,540 0
Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)Footnote 70 1,730 50 1,640 0
Registered Apprenticeship certificateFootnote 71 920 20 905 0
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 2,795 145 2,625 0
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 72 725 15 695 0
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,610 130 2,400 15
Bachelor's degree 1,730 80 1,620 0
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 270 10 250 0
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 180 0 135 0
Master's degree 340 0 325 0
Earned doctorateFootnote 73 90 0 75 0
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 74 8,775 360 8,260 55
Education 815 50 755 0
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 135 0 130 0
Humanities 155 15 140 0
Social and behavioural sciences and law 445 15 415 0
Business, management and public administration 1,960 80 1,875 0
Physical and life sciences and technologies 125 0 100 0
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 175 0 175 0
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 2,085 95 1,975 0
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 325 10 290 0
Health and related fieldsFootnote 75 1,785 50 1,675 0
Personal, protective and transportation services 740 25 715 0
Other fields of studyFootnote 76 25 0 20 0
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by location of studyFootnote 77 8,775 365 8,260 55
Inside Canada 8,530 315 8,140 55
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 25 0 25 0
Nova Scotia 125 0 110 0
New Brunswick 6,810 245 6,520 40
Quebec 1,295 35 1,235 0
Ontario 235 0 215 0
Manitoba 15 0 15 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0
Alberta 15 0 0 0
British Columbia 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 245 45 125 0
Total population in private households by visible minority 21,070 880 19,925 130
Total visible minority populationFootnote 78 145 0 85 0
South AsianFootnote 79 50 0 45 0
Chinese 0 0 0 0
Black 30 0 0 0
Filipino 20 0 0 0
Latin American 0 0 0 0
Arab 30 0 0 0
Southeast AsianFootnote 80 0 0 0 0
West AsianFootnote 81 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 82 0 0 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 83 0 0 0 0
Not a visible minorityFootnote 84 20,925 870 19,840 125
Total population in private households by selected ethnic origins (single and multiple responses)Footnote 85 21,075 885 19,925 125
Total population - Single responsesFootnote 86 14,525 405 13,925 65
Total population - Multiple responsesFootnote 87 6,545 480 6,005 60
Canadian - Total responses 16,220 425 15,725 70
Canadian - Single responses 10,690 160 10,505 25
Canadian - Multiple responses 5,525 265 5,220 40
English- Total responses 575 210 345 20
English - Single responses 70 65 0 0
English - Multiple responses 505 150 340 20
French - Total responses 8,295 320 7,925 50
French - Single responses 2,775 75 2,680 0
French - Multiple responses 5,520 245 5,250 25
Scottish - Total responses 305 85 210 0
Scottish - Single responses 80 0 60 0
Scottish - Multiple responses 225 80 150 0
Irish - Total responses 930 165 760 0
Irish - Single responses 185 25 155 0
Irish - Multiple responses 750 140 600 0
German - Total responses 80 50 35 0
German - Single responses 0 0 0 0
German - Multiple responses 75 45 30 0
Italian - Total responses 220 35 185 0
Italian - Single responses 50 0 50 0
Italian - Multiple responses 175 35 140 0
Chinese - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Chinese - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Chinese - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) - Total responses 600 55 540 0
First Nations (North American Indian) - Single responses 165 25 135 0
First Nations (North American Indian) - Multiple responses 430 30 400 0
Ukrainian - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
East Indian - Total responses 45 0 35 0
East Indian - Single responses 0 0 0 0
East Indian - Multiple responses 40 0 35 0
Dutch - Total responses 30 20 0 0
Dutch - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Dutch - Multiple responses 20 20 0 0
Polish- Total responses 0 0 0 0
Polish - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Polish - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Filipino- Total responses 20 0 0 0
Filipino - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Filipino - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Total responsesFootnote 88 0 0 0 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Single responsesFootnote 89 0 0 0 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Multiple responsesFootnote 90 0 0 0 0
Russian- Total responses 0 0 0 0
Russian - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Russian - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Welsh - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Welsh - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Welsh - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Norwegian - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Norwegian - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Norwegian - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Métis - Total responses 110 0 105 0
Métis - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Métis - Multiple responses 95 0 90 0
Portuguese - Total responses 20 0 0 0
Portuguese - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Portuguese - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
American - Total responses 490 110 380 0
American - Single responses 65 35 30 0
American - Multiple responses 425 75 345 0
Spanish - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Spanish - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Spanish - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Swedish - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Swedish - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Swedish - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Hungarian - Total responses 0 0 0 0
Hungarian - Single responses 0 0 0 0
Hungarian - Multiple responses 0 0 0 0
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overFootnote 91 18,205 790 17,165 120
Without income 620 25 575 0
With income 17,580 765 16,590 120
Under $5,000Footnote 92 1,060 70 970 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$5,000 to $9,999 1,905 75 1,790 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$10,000 to $14,999 1,745 75 1,655 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$15,000 to $19,999 2,315 130 2,160 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$20,000 to $29,999 2,955 120 2,835 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$30,000 to $39,999 2,525 95 2,400 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$40,000 to $49,999 1,815 75 1,725 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$50,000 to $59,999 1,020 40 960 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$60,000 to $79,999 1,580 60 1,485 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$80,000 to $99,999 330 10 325 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$100,000 and over 330 0 285 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$100,000 to $124,999 140 0 115 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$125,000 and over 185 0 170 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Median income $Footnote 93 25,562 21,722 25,718 33,127
Average income $Footnote 94 31,920 29,157 31,756 33,116
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overFootnote 95 18,205 790 17,165 120
Without after-tax income 625 25 580 0
With after-tax income 17,575 760 16,585 120
Under $5,000Footnote 96 1,130 70 1,040 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$5,000 to $9,999 1,890 85 1,770 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$10,000 to $14,999 1,810 85 1,705 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$15,000 to $19,999 2,535 135 2,370 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$20,000 to $29,999 3,675 135 3,515 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$30,000 to $39,999 2,915 95 2,790 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$40,000 to $49,999 1,470 60 1,365 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$50,000 to $59,999 1,240 50 1,180 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$60,000 to $79,999 595 20 565 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$80,000 to $99,999 165 20 140 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
$100,000 and over 155 0 135 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Median after-tax income $Footnote 97 23,777 20,555 23,809 28,980
Average after-tax income $Footnote 98 27,612 25,915 27,497 28,669
Total population aged 15 years and over by employment income statistics in 2010Footnote 99 18,205 790 17,170 120
With employment income 11,930 470 11,310 95
Median employment income $Footnote 100 26,184 22,139 26,277 31,773
Average employment income $Footnote 101 32,329 32,160 32,001 31,602
With wages and salaries 11,390 440 10,815 85
Median wages and salaries $Footnote 102 27,253 24,064 27,293 31,801
Average wages and salaries $Footnote 103 32,306 33,743 32,038 33,755
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010 10,990 445 10,395 80
Worked full year, full timeFootnote 104 5,875 250 5,580 30
All othersFootnote 105 5,115 200 4,810 50

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 2

Language groups are defined as follows: 'English' includes respondents who reported English only or English and one non-official language; 'French' includes respondents who reported French only or French and one non-official language; 'English and French' includes respondents who reported English and French, with or without one non-official language.

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'Total' category includes all groups mentioned as well as respondents who reported a non-official language as their only mother tongue.

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Footnote 3

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

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Footnote 4

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 5

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.

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Footnote 6

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal languages spoken most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 7

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal most often spoken at home (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 8

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the National Household Survey that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 9

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the NHS. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 10

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 11

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 12

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 13

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 14

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 15

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 16

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 17

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 18

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 19

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 20

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 21

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 24

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 25

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 26

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 27

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 28

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011.

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada.

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 29

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 30

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 31

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 32

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 33

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 34

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 35

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 36

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 37

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 38

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 39

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 40

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 41

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 42

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 43

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 44

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 45

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 46

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 47

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 48

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 49

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 50

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 51

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 52

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 53

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 54

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 55

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 56

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 57

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 58

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 59

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 60

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 61

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 62

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 63

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 64

Population by language used most often at work.

Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 65

Refers to the other language used regularly at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 66

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 67

'High school diploma or equivalent' refers to graduation from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 68

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas', 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 69

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 70

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 71

'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 72

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the National Household Survey (NHS). This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

For any other comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 73

'Earned doctorate.' This category refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.

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Footnote 74

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.

For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.

For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 75

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 76

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 77

'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution from which the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 78

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 79

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 80

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 81

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 82

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 83

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 84

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 85

The category 'Total population in private households by selected ethnic origin (single and multiple responses)' indicates the number of respondents who reported a specific ethnic origin, either as their only ethnic origin or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. The sum of all total responses for all ethnic origins is greater than the total population estimate due to the reporting of multiple origins.

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Footnote 86

A single ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only.

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Footnote 87

A multiple ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins.

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Footnote 88

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 89

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 90

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 91

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 92

Including loss.

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Footnote 93

For population with income.

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Footnote 94

For population with income.

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Footnote 95

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 96

Including loss.

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Footnote 97

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 98

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 99

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) with income in that group.

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings.

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Footnote 100

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 101

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 102

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 103

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 104

Worked 49 to 52 weeks mostly full time (30 hours or more per week).

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Footnote 105

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, persons who worked in 2011 only and persons who worked mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week) or in 48 weeks or less in 2010.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011047.

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