NHS Profile, Division No. 6, CDR, Alberta, 2011

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NHS data, Division No. 6, CDR, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Division No. 6, CDR
Alberta
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,293,840 647,790 646,050
Canadian citizens 1,177,495 591,795 585,700
Canadian citizens aged under 18 270,110 138,385 131,725
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 907,390 453,415 453,975
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 116,345 55,995 60,345
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,293,835 647,790 646,050
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 947,105 478,225 468,880
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 322,595 157,505 165,090
Before 1971 37,155 18,300 18,855
1971 to 1980 39,410 20,140 19,265
1981 to 1990 43,585 20,880 22,705
1991 to 2000 66,935 31,945 34,985
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 135,515 66,235 69,275
2001 to 2005 62,630 31,235 31,390
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 72,885 34,995 37,890
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 24,140 12,060 12,085
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 322,590 157,505 165,090
Under 5 years 31,770 16,025 15,745
5 to 14 years 57,110 29,430 27,680
15 to 24 years 68,265 31,990 36,270
25 to 44 years 136,450 66,540 69,915
45 years and over 28,995 13,520 15,475
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,293,840 647,790 646,050
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 947,105 478,225 468,875
Born in province of residence 581,325 292,355 288,965
Born outside province of residence 365,780 185,865 179,910
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 322,590 157,505 165,090
Americas 38,835 18,790 20,050
United States 13,450 5,965 7,480
Jamaica 2,185 1,040 1,145
Guyana 995 475 520
Haiti 395 185 210
Mexico 2,685 1,405 1,280
Trinidad and Tobago 1,340 580 760
Colombia 4,300 2,200 2,100
El Salvador 2,155 1,070 1,085
Peru 850 360 490
Chile 2,115 1,225 895
Other places of birth in Americas 8,365 4,275 4,085
Europe 80,940 40,425 40,520
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 28,340 14,555 13,790
Italy 3,740 1,940 1,800
Germany 7,315 3,425 3,885
Poland 6,680 3,060 3,620
Portugal 990 450 535
Netherlands 4,510 2,210 2,300
France 1,320 630 690
Romania 3,895 2,070 1,825
Russian Federation 3,475 1,560 1,915
Greece 805 410 395
Ukraine 2,485 1,095 1,390
Croatia 1,235 670 560
Hungary 2,145 1,175 970
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,025 1,010 1,015
Serbia 1,035 480 555
Ireland, Republic of 1,255 660 595
Other places of birth in Europe 9,695 5,015 4,685
Africa 27,240 14,395 12,850
Morocco 345 190 160
Algeria 475 245 230
Egypt 1,695 945 755
South Africa, Republic of 2,655 1,335 1,320
Nigeria 3,600 1,880 1,720
Ethiopia 3,550 1,870 1,680
Kenya 2,180 1,140 1,040
Other places of birth in Africa 12,730 6,795 5,935
Asia 171,590 81,885 89,700
India 31,640 15,775 15,860
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 29,765 13,795 15,970
Philippines 34,770 14,735 20,040
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 10,030 4,845 5,185
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 14,760 7,070 7,690
Pakistan 11,600 6,150 5,455
Sri Lanka 1,630 820 815
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 3,500 1,970 1,530
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 5,575 2,660 2,915
Lebanon 3,740 2,135 1,605
Taiwan 1,815 825 990
Iraq 2,375 1,350 1,025
Bangladesh 2,270 1,195 1,070
Afghanistan 2,390 1,215 1,175
Japan 1,505 515 995
Turkey 675 365 310
Other places of birth in Asia 13,555 6,470 7,085
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 3,985 2,010 1,970
Fiji 1,760 860 895
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 2,220 1,150 1,075
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 24,140 12,060 12,080
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 72,885 35,000 37,885
Americas 10,210 5,025 5,185
United States 2,765 1,290 1,480
Mexico 1,460 770 690
Cuba 185 105 80
Haiti 265 125 140
Jamaica 200 95 100
Brazil 570 260 310
Colombia 1,800 930 865
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 350 130 220
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 1,375 695 675
Other places of birth in Americas 1,230 615 615
Europe 10,575 5,450 5,130
France 335 160 180
Germany 520 275 245
Poland 550 235 310
Romania 955 475 485
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 300 185 115
Russian Federation 900 435 465
Ukraine 735 300 435
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 4,480 2,435 2,045
Other places of birth in Europe 1,800 955 850
Africa 7,810 4,055 3,760
Nigeria 2,130 1,065 1,060
Ethiopia 1,295 655 640
Mauritius 105 70 35
Somalia 170 110 60
Algeria 170 85 85
Egypt 440 235 200
Morocco 95 35 65
Tunisia 100 70 30
Cameroon 355 170 185
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 125 85 45
South Africa, Republic of 475 225 250
Other places of birth in Africa 2,355 1,240 1,110
Asia 43,545 20,130 23,415
Philippines 13,440 5,920 7,515
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 6,020 2,645 3,375
India 8,645 4,320 4,325
Pakistan 3,610 1,720 1,890
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,165 680 485
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,755 765 990
Sri Lanka 590 265 320
Iraq 580 280 300
Bangladesh 755 360 390
Lebanon 550 335 215
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,010 350 660
Taiwan 240 90 150
Afghanistan 410 205 200
Japan 550 195 350
Turkey 95 55 40
Israel 135 75 55
Nepal 430 215 215
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 455 130 325
United Arab Emirates 215 120 95
Saudi Arabia 335 200 135
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 95 30 65
Other places of birth in Asia 2,470 1,170 1,305
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 740 345 390
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,293,840 647,790 646,050
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 351,855 172,215 179,645
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 274,335 138,145 136,195
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 667,645 337,435 330,210
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,293,840 647,790 646,050
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 340,535 168,850 171,690
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 85,645 44,250 41,395
Chinese 75,690 36,645 39,045
Black 33,360 17,565 15,800
Filipino 50,285 22,290 27,995
Latin American 20,890 10,960 9,930
Arab 17,260 8,875 8,390
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 21,990 10,830 11,160
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 8,535 4,610 3,925
Korean 8,555 4,190 4,365
Japanese 5,490 2,395 3,095
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 3,000 1,450 1,545
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 9,830 4,790 5,035
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 953,300 478,940 474,365
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,293,840 647,790 646,050
North American Aboriginal origins 51,570 25,120 26,450
First Nations (North American Indian) 31,570 15,120 16,455
Inuit 585 305 270
Métis 21,120 10,495 10,625
Other North American origins 282,625 142,705 139,920
Acadian 1,910 1,045 870
American 25,300 12,155 13,145
Canadian 263,995 133,740 130,265
New Brunswicker 15 10 0
Newfoundlander 435 265 170
Nova Scotian 35 0 30
Ontarian 30 25 0
Québécois 385 260 125
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 180 100 80
European origins 852,875 425,735 427,135
British Isles origins 554,045 275,430 278,615
Channel Islander 50 30 15
Cornish 110 45 60
English 323,120 159,840 163,280
Irish 203,415 98,155 105,255
Manx 230 110 115
Scottish 245,495 120,745 124,750
Welsh 27,305 13,440 13,870
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 33,780 16,365 17,420
French origins 121,675 59,625 62,050
Alsatian 60 30 30
Breton 30 20 20
French 121,625 59,605 62,025
Western European origins (except French origins) 269,235 133,875 135,360
Austrian 13,280 6,645 6,635
Belgian 6,125 3,040 3,085
Dutch 57,105 28,760 28,345
Flemish 830 450 375
Frisian 235 125 105
German 206,765 102,385 104,380
Luxembourger 285 120 165
Swiss 7,590 3,730 3,865
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 120 55 65
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 98,925 46,645 52,275
Danish 19,740 9,595 10,145
Finnish 6,195 2,765 3,430
Icelandic 6,425 2,950 3,480
Norwegian 42,435 20,055 22,375
Swedish 29,270 13,485 15,785
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 3,960 1,850 2,115
Eastern European origins 199,355 97,825 101,530
Bulgarian 1,125 590 535
Byelorussian 1,000 490 510
Czech 7,125 3,585 3,540
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 2,670 1,060 1,605
Estonian 990 460 525
Hungarian 21,680 10,835 10,845
Latvian 1,145 560 580
Lithuanian 2,255 1,140 1,115
Moldovan 460 300 160
Polish 55,415 26,795 28,615
Romanian 11,390 5,435 5,955
Russian 36,960 18,005 18,950
Slovak 4,160 2,070 2,095
Ukrainian 89,475 44,040 45,440
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 580 235 335
Southern European origins 81,485 40,740 40,745
Albanian 990 535 450
Bosnian 1,710 925 790
Croatian 4,665 2,450 2,220
Cypriot 85 30 50
Greek 5,855 2,960 2,895
Italian 39,310 19,755 19,560
Kosovar 80 50 30
Macedonian 485 285 200
Maltese 490 210 285
Montenegrin 40 30 0
Portuguese 7,095 3,350 3,745
Serbian 2,870 1,490 1,380
Sicilian 115 40 75
Slovenian 1,380 750 630
Spanish 18,745 9,365 9,380
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 2,070 940 1,125
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 50 30 15
Other European origins 11,340 5,545 5,795
Basque 190 105 90
Jewish 7,895 3,750 4,140
Roma (Gypsy) 195 105 90
Slavic, n.o.s. 320 150 170
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 2,805 1,470 1,335
Caribbean origins 11,540 5,650 5,885
Antiguan 120 70 50
Bahamian 140 70 75
Barbadian 875 435 445
Bermudan 110 65 45
Carib 110 45 70
Cuban 775 410 370
Dominican 235 155 80
Grenadian 175 90 95
Haitian 790 365 420
Jamaican 5,100 2,515 2,585
Kittitian/Nevisian 30 0 15
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 20 0 20
Puerto Rican 135 60 70
St. Lucian 95 25 70
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,685 905 785
Vincentian/Grenadinian 220 115 105
West Indian, n.o.s. 970 400 570
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 735 295 440
Latin, Central and South American origins 25,470 12,890 12,585
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 650 330 320
Argentinian 700 330 365
Belizean 55 30 25
Bolivian 235 110 125
Brazilian 845 465 380
Chilean 2,835 1,485 1,355
Colombian 5,085 2,505 2,580
Costa Rican 315 140 180
Ecuadorian 435 160 275
Guatemalan 860 440 415
Guyanese 1,105 550 555
Hispanic 580 340 235
Honduran 255 135 120
Maya 180 85 95
Mexican 5,140 2,715 2,430
Nicaraguan 600 290 310
Panamanian 120 35 90
Paraguayan 25 10 15
Peruvian 865 425 435
Salvadorean 2,630 1,290 1,340
Uruguayan 100 65 35
Venezuelan 2,150 1,140 1,005
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 895 510 375
African origins 35,700 18,940 16,765
Central and West African origins 8,040 4,425 3,620
Akan 90 65 20
Angolan 200 105 90
Ashanti 25 0 0
Beninese 65 35 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 390 190 200
Chadian 135 65 70
Congolese 835 450 390
Gabonese 30 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 1,425 830 595
Guinean 65 30 40
Ibo 430 215 215
Ivorian 45 35 0
Liberian 30 20 0
Malian 35 30 0
Nigerian 3,370 1,880 1,490
Peulh 15 0 0
Senegalese 140 95 45
Sierra Leonean 80 30 50
Togolese 25 0 0
Yoruba 695 385 305
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 505 250 255
North African origins 7,885 4,150 3,735
Algerian 610 280 330
Berber 120 60 55
Coptic 65 30 30
Dinka 150 95 55
Egyptian 2,650 1,370 1,280
Libyan 410 215 200
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 505 240 265
Sudanese 3,260 1,775 1,480
Tunisian 300 195 105
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 30 20 0
Southern and East African origins 13,210 7,045 6,170
Afrikaner 95 60 40
Amhara 150 65 80
Bantu, n.o.s. 20 15 0
Burundian 50 25 20
Eritrean 1,665 850 810
Ethiopian 4,145 2,195 1,950
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 600 310 290
Malagasy 55 30 20
Mauritian 140 85 60
Oromo 165 100 65
Rwandan 195 115 85
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 1,490 830 655
South African 2,685 1,475 1,210
Tanzanian 440 210 230
Tigrian 70 40 30
Ugandan 355 190 165
Zambian 60 40 20
Zimbabwean 470 280 185
Zulu 40 15 20
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 1,115 560 560
Other African origins 7,605 3,890 3,715
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 650 315 335
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 6,980 3,585 3,395
Asian origins 289,715 141,950 147,765
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 33,945 18,015 15,930
Afghan 3,840 2,075 1,765
Arab, n.o.s. 3,520 1,735 1,785
Armenian 795 430 360
Assyrian 215 110 100
Azerbaijani 215 130 80
Georgian 170 85 75
Iranian 5,395 2,935 2,465
Iraqi 2,595 1,350 1,245
Israeli 365 190 175
Jordanian 255 135 120
Kazakh 220 110 115
Kurd 725 445 280
Kuwaiti 30 25 0
Lebanese 11,690 6,085 5,600
Palestinian 775 430 340
Pashtun 240 130 110
Saudi Arabian 245 145 100
Syrian 1,385 675 715
Tajik 80 40 45
Tatar 305 105 205
Turk 2,040 1,200 845
Uighur 120 50 65
Uzbek 85 45 40
Yemeni 290 195 95
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 1,030 540 495
South Asian origins 86,770 44,655 42,115
Bangladeshi 1,805 900 905
Bengali 610 335 275
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 67,365 34,530 32,840
Goan 320 155 165
Gujarati 130 65 60
Kashmiri 340 180 160
Nepali 980 535 445
Pakistani 10,575 5,540 5,035
Punjabi 4,680 2,415 2,265
Sinhalese 420 230 195
Sri Lankan 1,830 895 935
Tamil 340 155 185
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,295 715 585
East and Southeast Asian origins 171,230 80,610 90,620
Burmese 415 200 215
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,780 880 900
Chinese 86,590 41,920 44,670
Filipino 53,550 23,770 29,775
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 1,750 800 955
Japanese 6,765 2,945 3,820
Korean 8,935 4,355 4,580
Laotian 730 370 360
Malaysian 855 405 445
Mongolian 485 240 245
Singaporean 95 50 45
Taiwanese 710 335 380
Thai 825 295 525
Tibetan 355 185 170
Vietnamese 18,510 8,970 9,540
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 375 190 190
Other Asian origins 695 375 320
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 695 370 320
Oceania origins 6,015 3,125 2,890
Australian 3,220 1,695 1,515
New Zealander 1,215 655 565
Pacific Islands origins 1,700 820 885
Fijian 1,095 545 550
Hawaiian 205 95 110
Maori 260 110 150
Polynesian, n.o.s. 60 25 35
Samoan 25 20 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 90 30 60
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 1,293,835 647,790 646,050
Buddhist 23,520 10,825 12,695
Christian 729,355 345,545 383,805
Anglican 52,110 23,795 28,315
Baptist 22,315 10,355 11,960
Catholic 308,335 148,845 159,490
Christian Orthodox 18,680 9,320 9,360
Lutheran 30,675 14,230 16,440
Pentecostal 17,555 8,315 9,240
Presbyterian 15,875 7,000 8,875
United Church 89,790 40,430 49,360
Other Christian 174,020 83,250 90,770
Hindu 17,955 9,340 8,620
Jewish 6,460 3,165 3,290
Muslim 58,555 30,170 28,380
Sikh 30,660 15,710 14,950
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 1,450 695 750
Other religions 6,930 3,110 3,820
No religious affiliation 418,960 229,225 189,735
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,293,840 647,790 646,050
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 37,675 18,550 19,125
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 16,350 7,815 8,540
Métis single identity 19,495 9,900 9,590
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 290 160 135
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 225 110 110
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 1,315 560 755
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,256,160 629,240 626,920
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,293,835 647,790 646,050
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 14,030 6,465 7,570
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,279,805 641,320 638,485
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 1,293,840 647,790 646,050
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 51,570 25,120 26,450
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 31,570 15,120 16,455
Métis ancestry 21,120 10,495 10,625
Inuit ancestry 580 305 275
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 1,242,270 622,665 619,605
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 380,350 185,265 195,080
Aboriginal languages 1,785 720 1,070
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 550 255 300
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 470 160 315
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 55 20 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 415 190 220
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 325 110 215
Non-Aboriginal languages 378,630 184,575 194,060
Italian 9,610 4,800 4,810
Portuguese 3,985 1,975 2,005
Romanian 4,545 2,365 2,180
Spanish 42,070 20,790 21,285
Dutch 6,250 3,000 3,250
Flemish 95 45 45
German 21,955 10,670 11,285
Yiddish 155 85 70
Danish 1,370 670 695
Norwegian 650 370 280
Swedish 620 305 320
Afrikaans 1,715 870 845
Gaelic languages 270 140 130
Bosnian 1,270 645 630
Bulgarian 640 340 305
Croatian 2,415 1,275 1,140
Czech 1,675 840 840
Macedonian 160 100 50
Polish 9,100 4,295 4,810
Russian 11,420 5,435 5,985
Serbian 1,945 1,060 885
Serbo-Croatian 435 205 230
Slovak 1,355 715 635
Slovenian 310 140 165
Ukrainian 5,225 2,175 3,050
Latvian 175 125 50
Lithuanian 225 105 120
Greek 2,475 1,250 1,225
Armenian 315 155 160
Albanian 915 480 435
Estonian 95 55 35
Finnish 465 190 280
Hungarian 4,155 2,125 2,025
Turkish 1,380 790 595
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 895 505 385
Somali 1,100 595 505
Amharic 3,845 2,060 1,785
Arabic 19,705 10,470 9,235
Hebrew 1,280 615 665
Maltese 65 30 40
Tigrigna 1,270 660 615
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 525 260 270
Bengali 3,595 1,890 1,715
Gujarati 6,120 2,935 3,180
Hindi 20,945 10,680 10,270
Konkani 185 60 130
Marathi 755 390 365
Panjabi (Punjabi) 36,360 18,810 17,550
Sindhi 2,445 1,080 1,360
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,235 595 645
Urdu 16,230 8,555 7,675
Nepali 1,005 560 450
Kurdish 1,005 520 490
Pashto 1,235 680 555
Persian (Farsi) 7,355 4,065 3,290
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 835 430 405
Kannada 375 205 175
Malayalam 1,750 965 785
Tamil 1,905 955 950
Telugu 575 305 270
Japanese 3,680 1,650 2,030
Korean 8,035 3,860 4,170
Cantonese 25,625 12,200 13,425
Fukien 265 130 135
Hakka 120 70 55
Mandarin 16,800 7,870 8,935
Taiwanese 260 100 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 26,945 12,710 14,230
Lao 625 305 320
Thai 865 345 520
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,355 615 745
Vietnamese 17,090 8,280 8,805
Bisayan languages 1,365 575 790
Ilocano 1,815 710 1,105
Malay 1,165 555 615
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 40,300 17,005 23,295
Akan (Twi) 915 505 405
Lingala 350 230 115
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 140 85 50
Swahili 2,090 1,140 955
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 575 335 240
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,225 1,170 1,060
African languages, n.i.e. 2,175 1,180 995
Creoles 1,105 530 575
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 6,735 3,215 3,525
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 1,276,315 638,540 637,775
Non-movers 1,080,320 538,565 541,755
Movers 195,995 99,975 96,020
Non-migrants 131,540 67,320 64,220
Migrants 64,455 32,660 31,800
Internal migrants 45,520 23,420 22,100
Intraprovincial migrants 26,300 13,480 12,820
Interprovincial migrants 19,220 9,940 9,280
External migrants 18,935 9,235 9,705
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 1,206,655 602,180 604,475
Non-movers 646,515 318,295 328,215
Movers 560,140 283,880 276,255
Non-migrants 325,875 165,370 160,510
Migrants 234,265 118,515 115,750
Internal migrants 157,375 80,660 76,720
Intraprovincial migrants 78,040 39,695 38,345
Interprovincial migrants 79,335 40,970 38,370
External migrants 76,885 37,855 39,035
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 1,052,535 524,285 528,245
No certificate, diploma or degree 160,860 81,705 79,165
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 264,640 127,615 137,030
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 627,030 314,975 312,055
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 89,960 62,915 27,040
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 190,090 83,105 106,980
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 53,670 23,610 30,055
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 293,320 145,340 147,975
Bachelor's degree 202,755 97,625 105,135
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 90,560 47,720 42,840
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 762,975 381,865 381,110
No certificate, diploma or degree 70,040 37,500 32,540
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 165,620 80,590 85,025
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 527,310 263,770 263,545
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 69,830 49,515 20,310
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 157,315 69,320 87,995
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 42,850 19,030 23,820
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 257,320 125,900 131,420
Bachelor's degree 176,725 84,345 92,380
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 80,595 41,555 39,040
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 1,052,530 524,285 528,245
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 425,500 209,315 216,190
Education 41,920 9,235 32,685
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 20,405 8,745 11,655
Humanities 28,395 10,600 17,795
Social and behavioural sciences and law 60,675 21,825 38,850
Business, management and public administration 143,355 57,795 85,560
Physical and life sciences and technologies 31,570 17,700 13,870
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 27,330 17,470 9,860
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 154,995 136,400 18,595
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 11,895 6,515 5,385
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 81,130 15,800 65,325
Personal, protective and transportation services 25,310 12,870 12,435
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 50 0 30
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 1,052,530 524,290 528,245
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 425,500 209,315 216,190
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 627,030 314,975 312,055
Location of study inside Canada 492,465 247,480 244,985
Same as province or territory of residence 346,515 172,365 174,150
Another province or territory 145,950 75,115 70,840
Location of study outside Canada 134,570 67,500 67,070
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 832,095 440,500 391,595
Single responses 826,580 437,900 388,680
English 816,025 432,995 383,030
French 2,155 680 1,475
Non-official languages 8,400 4,230 4,175
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,765 930 835
Cantonese 1,350 600 750
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,235 735 500
Mandarin 465 275 185
Spanish 740 395 345
Korean 405 175 235
German 60 30 35
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 50 0 45
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 2,320 1,075 1,245
Multiple responses 5,515 2,595 2,915
English and French 1,115 470 645
English and non-official language 4,325 2,100 2,220
French and non-official language 25 0 20
English, French and non-official language 50 20 25
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 832,095 440,500 391,595
English 816,025 432,995 383,025
French 2,155 675 1,480
Non-official language 8,400 4,230 4,175
Aboriginal 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal 8,370 4,210 4,160
English and French 1,115 470 640
English and non-official language 4,325 2,105 2,225
French and non-official language 25 0 20
English, French and non-official language 55 20 25
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 1,052,535 524,290 528,245
In the labour force 780,785 418,520 362,260
Employed 735,285 394,975 340,310
Unemployed 45,500 23,550 21,955
Not in the labour force 271,755 105,770 165,985
Participation rate 74.2 79.8 68.6
Employment rate 69.9 75.3 64.4
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.6 6.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 780,780 418,520 362,260
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 11,175 4,960 6,220
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 769,605 413,565 356,040
Employee 679,690 356,500 323,190
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 89,915 57,065 32,855
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 780,780 418,520 362,260
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 11,175 4,960 6,220
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 769,605 413,560 356,045
0 Management occupations 91,955 59,730 32,220
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 143,730 42,975 100,760
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 87,890 68,185 19,710
3 Health occupations 42,810 7,910 34,905
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 75,955 25,050 50,910
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 19,310 8,225 11,085
6 Sales and service occupations 166,385 73,670 92,720
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 109,870 102,860 7,005
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 13,250 10,815 2,440
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 18,450 14,150 4,295
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 780,780 418,520 362,265
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 11,180 4,955 6,215
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 769,605 413,565 356,045
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 7,375 4,675 2,700
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 48,615 29,955 18,660
22 Utilities 8,930 5,590 3,335
23 Construction 68,765 58,315 10,455
31-33 Manufacturing 44,925 33,200 11,720
41 Wholesale trade 33,990 23,615 10,380
44-45 Retail trade 82,325 38,345 43,980
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 42,690 30,080 12,605
51 Information and cultural industries 16,830 9,205 7,625
52 Finance and insurance 28,785 11,745 17,045
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 16,790 9,370 7,415
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 87,490 51,135 36,350
55 Management of companies and enterprises 1,255 695 555
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 30,715 17,660 13,050
61 Educational services 47,365 14,825 32,545
62 Health care and social assistance 71,350 11,880 59,475
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 17,395 8,775 8,620
72 Accommodation and food services 45,770 20,490 25,280
81 Other services (except public administration) 34,450 14,920 19,530
91 Public administration 33,795 19,080 14,720
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 780,780 418,520 362,260
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 34,805 16,075 18,730
Worked in 2010 745,975 402,445 343,525
1 to 13 weeks 37,050 17,050 20,005
14 to 26 weeks 56,450 27,685 28,760
27 to 39 weeks 45,165 23,450 21,720
40 to 48 weeks 129,695 67,915 61,785
49 to 52 weeks 477,610 266,355 211,260
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.4 44.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 780,780 418,520 362,260
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 34,810 16,075 18,735
Worked in 2010 745,975 402,445 343,530
Worked full-time in 2010 610,305 357,620 252,685
Worked part-time in 2010 135,670 44,825 90,840
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 735,280 394,970 340,310
Worked at home 48,780 22,605 26,175
Worked outside Canada 3,170 2,435 740
No fixed workplace address 98,300 74,665 23,635
Worked at usual place 585,030 295,270 289,760
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 683,330 369,940 313,395
Car, truck or van - as a driver 493,800 283,055 210,745
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 36,830 12,775 24,055
Public transit 102,065 48,070 53,995
Walked 33,330 15,505 17,825
Bicycle 7,760 5,690 2,070
Other methods 9,555 4,850 4,705
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 683,330 369,940 313,395
Median commuting duration 25.2 25.6 20.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 683,330 369,935 313,395
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 200,285 129,690 70,600
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 357,310 178,550 178,760
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 125,735 61,695 64,035
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 500,100 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 474,005 ... ...
Major repairs needed 26,095 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 500,105 ... ...
1960 or before 55,105 ... ...
1961 to 1980 149,500 ... ...
1981 to 1990 69,605 ... ...
1991 to 2000 91,500 ... ...
2001 to 2005 70,570 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 63,825 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 500,105 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 110,760 ... ...
5 rooms 72,165 ... ...
6 rooms 73,605 ... ...
7 rooms 66,715 ... ...
8 or more rooms 176,860 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 500,100 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 53,535 ... ...
2 bedrooms 103,075 ... ...
3 bedrooms 189,250 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 154,250 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 500,105 ... ...
Owner 373,565 ... ...
Renter 126,240 ... ...
Band housing 300 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 500,105 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 98,790 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 401,310 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 500,100 ... ...
1 household maintainer 287,240 ... ...
2 household maintainers 197,505 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 15,355 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 500,105 ... ...
Under 25 years 18,460 ... ...
25 to 34 years 95,760 ... ...
35 to 44 years 107,945 ... ...
45 to 54 years 118,130 ... ...
55 to 64 years 84,625 ... ...
65 to 74 years 41,885 ... ...
75 years and over 33,295 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 500,105 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 490,625 ... ...
More than one person per room 9,475 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 500,105 ... ...
Suitable 475,385 ... ...
Not suitable 24,715 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 495,480 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 372,030 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 123,450 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 100,115 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 370,610 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 65.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 20.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,385 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,412 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 400,689 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 467,327 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 126,110 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 10.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,096 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,129 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 1,052,530 524,290 528,245
Without income 52,210 22,760 29,450
With income 1,000,320 501,525 498,795
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 101,675 46,190 55,490
$5,000 to $9,999 61,865 21,005 40,860
$10,000 to $14,999 69,680 27,180 42,500
$15,000 to $19,999 68,150 26,460 41,685
$20,000 to $29,999 114,865 47,750 67,105
$30,000 to $39,999 103,905 47,450 56,455
$40,000 to $49,999 99,015 47,915 51,095
$50,000 to $59,999 79,165 42,700 36,465
$60,000 to $79,999 111,565 64,400 47,160
$80,000 to $99,999 72,240 43,925 28,315
$100,000 and over 118,200 86,555 31,645
$100,000 to $124,999 45,325 30,380 14,945
$125,000 and over 72,875 56,175 16,700
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,026 47,049 30,223
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 56,388 71,447 41,247
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 1,052,530 524,290 528,245
Without after-tax income 52,330 22,785 29,545
With after-tax income 1,000,205 501,505 498,695
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 103,630 46,900 56,725
$5,000 to $9,999 62,550 21,080 41,475
$10,000 to $14,999 71,760 28,100 43,660
$15,000 to $19,999 74,190 28,960 45,235
$20,000 to $29,999 134,320 56,835 77,490
$30,000 to $39,999 132,750 63,125 69,630
$40,000 to $49,999 114,505 60,520 53,980
$50,000 to $59,999 82,000 46,235 35,765
$60,000 to $79,999 107,155 64,310 42,850
$80,000 to $99,999 48,430 32,305 16,125
$100,000 and over 68,905 53,135 15,760
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,041 40,883 27,931
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 45,667 56,370 34,903
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 94.1 96.3 90.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 81.8 84.4 77.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 78.7 81.1 74.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.2 3.3 3.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.9 6.6 7.5
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.3 3.3 3.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.1 2.0 2.2
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 5.9 3.7 9.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 1.7 1.3 2.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.3 0.9 2.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.0 0.7 1.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.0 0.1 2.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 0.9 0.7 1.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 19.0 21.1 15.4
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.0 78.9 84.6
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 3.4 3.7 3.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 419,680 245,810 173,875
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 57,928 64,831 50,112
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 77,446 90,035 59,647
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 354,445 ... ...
Median family income ($) 98,761 ... ...
Average family income ($) 131,034 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,300 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 105,815 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 124,440 ... ...
Median family income ($) 91,959 ... ...
Average family income ($) 122,080 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 78,615 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 98,479 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 174,500 ... ...
Median family income ($) 117,165 ... ...
Average family income ($) 153,504 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 99,365 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 122,864 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 43,260 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,571 ... ...
Average family income ($) 74,406 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,543 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 63,662 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 196,585 103,375 93,215
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 38,730 42,388 34,494
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 50,677 56,662 44,040
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,056 36,989 30,957
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 41,561 45,688 36,985
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 1,293,840 647,785 646,050
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 483,245 233,810 249,430
In bottom decile 105,040 51,970 53,065
In second decile 81,680 36,935 44,740
In third decile 91,160 44,080 47,085
In fourth decile 101,380 49,055 52,325
In fifth decile 103,985 51,765 52,220
In top half of the Canadian distribution 810,595 413,975 396,615
In sixth decile 116,790 59,175 57,615
In seventh decile 125,805 63,695 62,110
In eighth decile 138,615 70,280 68,330
In ninth decile 169,145 86,265 82,880
In top decile 260,245 134,565 125,680
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 500,100 ... ...
Under $5,000 14,105 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,390 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,895 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 13,615 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 27,195 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 33,160 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 33,605 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 35,155 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 66,980 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 59,545 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 56,830 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 41,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 102,405 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 500,100 ... ...
Under $5,000 14,610 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,465 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 10,040 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,415 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 30,860 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 40,375 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 43,670 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 42,720 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 79,960 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 63,130 ... ...
$100,000 and over 153,860 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 56,055 ... ...
$125,000 and over 97,810 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 500,100 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 83,057 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 112,790 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 71,404 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 91,333 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 122,745 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 44,863 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 58,877 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,714 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 47,702 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 377,360 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 99,119 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 130,326 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 84,789 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 105,524 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 1,291,990 646,825 645,165
Less than 18 years 290,270 148,735 141,535
Less than 6 years 102,715 53,420 49,295
18 to 64 years 882,680 443,220 439,460
65 years and over 119,045 54,865 64,175
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 135,905 64,765 71,140
Less than 18 years 37,335 18,855 18,480
Less than 6 years 13,490 6,620 6,875
18 to 64 years 89,215 43,125 46,090
65 years and over 9,350 2,785 6,560
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 10.5 10.0 11.0
Less than 18 years (%) 12.9 12.7 13.1
Less than 6 years (%) 13.1 12.4 13.9
18 to 64 years (%) 10.1 9.7 10.5
65 years and over (%) 7.9 5.1 10.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Division No. 6, CDR, Alberta (Code 4806) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 14, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Division No. 6, CDR, Alberta

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Census data, Division No. 6, CDR, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Division No. 6, CDR
Alberta
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 1,311,022 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 1,160,936  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 12.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 527,608 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 500,103 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 103.7 ... ...
Land area (square km) 12,645.88 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 1,311,020 655,105 655,925
0 to 4 years 86,955 44,845 42,110
5 to 9 years 77,405 39,420 37,985
10 to 14 years 77,100 39,535 37,575
15 to 19 years 81,905 42,120 39,785
15 years 16,210 8,260 7,945
16 years 16,330 8,485 7,845
17 years 16,145 8,285 7,865
18 years 16,540 8,565 7,975
19 years 16,680 8,535 8,150
20 to 24 years 89,250 45,145 44,110
25 to 29 years 105,190 52,530 52,655
30 to 34 years 104,550 52,160 52,390
35 to 39 years 102,320 51,175 51,145
40 to 44 years 101,185 51,235 49,945
45 to 49 years 104,240 52,150 52,090
50 to 54 years 102,475 51,690 50,785
55 to 59 years 83,375 42,330 41,045
60 to 64 years 63,555 31,815 31,740
65 to 69 years 41,505 20,325 21,185
70 to 74 years 30,430 14,205 16,225
75 to 79 years 24,730 11,295 13,440
80 to 84 years 18,760 7,865 10,900
85 years and over 16,090 5,270 10,825
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 36.6 36.2 37.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.6 81.1 82.1
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 1,069,555 531,305 538,255
Married or living with a common-law partner 634,460 318,445 316,015
Married (and not separated) 545,005 273,570 271,435
Living common law 89,455 44,875 44,580
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 435,100 212,860 222,235
Single (never legally married) 302,430 166,520 135,905
Separated 25,205 11,055 14,150
Divorced 66,095 26,875 39,220
Widowed 41,375 8,410 32,955
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 359,190 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 166,535 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 80,280 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 79,610 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 32,760 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 359,190 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 309,510 ... ...
Married couples 264,815 ... ...
Without children at home 106,660 ... ...
With children at home 158,155 ... ...
1 child 57,925 ... ...
2 children 70,725 ... ...
3 or more children 29,505 ... ...
Common-law couples 44,695 ... ...
Without children at home 29,550 ... ...
With children at home 15,140 ... ...
1 child 7,890 ... ...
2 children 5,175 ... ...
3 or more children 2,070 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 49,675 ... ...
Female parent 38,525 ... ...
1 child 22,965 ... ...
2 children 11,460 ... ...
3 or more children 4,100 ... ...
Male parent 11,155 ... ...
1 child 7,360 ... ...
2 children 3,000 ... ...
3 or more children 790 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 398,510 ... ...
Under six years of age 102,180 ... ...
6 to 14 years 137,045 ... ...
15 to 17 years 47,000 ... ...
18 to 24 years 78,020 ... ...
25 years and over 34,270 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,293,865 647,805 646,055
Number of persons not in census families 226,655 117,305 109,350
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 31,290 14,750 16,540
Living with non-relatives only 72,355 43,330 29,020
Living alone 123,015 59,225 63,780
Number of census family persons 1,067,205 530,495 536,710
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 120,605 55,810 64,795
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 37,835 10,905 26,935
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 6,655 1,460 5,190
Living with non-relatives only 2,505 1,245 1,260
Living alone 28,680 8,200 20,480
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 82,765 44,910 37,855
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 500,105 ... ...
Census-family households 347,270 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 309,320 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 272,320 ... ...
Without children 119,290 ... ...
With children 153,035 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 37,000 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 37,950 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 26,885 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 19,365 ... ...
Without children 7,400 ... ...
With children 11,965 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 7,525 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 11,060 ... ...
Non-census-family households 152,835 ... ...
One-person households 123,010 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 29,820 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 500,100 ... ...
Single-detached house 308,930 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 29,600 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 4,235 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 157,335 ... ...
Semi-detached house 30,640 ... ...
Row house 41,585 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 17,210 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 67,675 ... ...
Other single-attached house 230 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 500,105 ... ...
1 person 123,010 ... ...
2 persons 164,275 ... ...
3 persons 83,720 ... ...
4 persons 81,425 ... ...
5 persons 30,780 ... ...
6 or more persons 16,900 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,293,860 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,300,925 650,170 650,755
  Single responses  1,273,425 636,695 636,730
    English  942,080 475,640 466,440
    French  19,820 9,935 9,885
    Non-official languages  311,525 151,125 160,400
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 775 320 455
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  265 100 165
        Dene  20 10 10
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0
        Ojibway  70 25 50
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0
        Stoney  405 180 225
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 306,820 148,880 157,945
        African languages, n.i.e 1,870 1,005 865
        Afrikaans  940 475 460
        Akan (Twi)  485 270 215
        Albanian  1,025 550 475
        Amharic  3,070 1,545 1,525
        Arabic  13,685 7,410 6,275
        Armenian  250 120 125
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 440 230 215
        Bengali  3,140 1,615 1,520
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  30 15 15
        Bisayan languages  1,485 605 880
        Bosnian  825 410 415
        Bulgarian  825 415 405
        Burmese  205 95 105
        Cantonese  20,220 9,495 10,720
        Chinese, n.o.s.  27,075 12,870 14,205
        Creoles  465 245 220
        Croatian  2,000 990 1,010
        Czech  1,480 715 765
        Danish  1,140 590 545
        Dutch  5,080 2,550 2,530
        Estonian  95 50 45
        Finnish  395 145 255
        Flemish  115 55 55
        Fukien  205 95 115
        German  15,140 7,360 7,780
        Greek  1,530 775 760
        Gujarati  4,080 2,000 2,080
        Hakka  95 40 55
        Hebrew  420 215 210
        Hindi  5,205 2,645 2,560
        Hungarian  3,645 1,790 1,860
        Ilocano  1,620 685 935
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 820 440 380
        Italian  5,720 2,975 2,740
        Japanese  2,140 780 1,360
        Khmer (Cambodian)  825 395 435
        Korean  7,810 3,680 4,125
        Kurdish  690 400 290
        Lao  495 235 260
        Latvian  155 80 70
        Lingala  45 25 20
        Lithuanian  210 95 115
        Macedonian  140 70 65
        Malay  595 255 340
        Malayalam  1,115 575 540
        Maltese  35 15 15
        Mandarin  11,415 5,350 6,065
        Marathi  465 245 220
        Nepali  750 410 345
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 1,080 560 520
        Norwegian  470 205 260
        Oromo  600 330 270
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  29,190 14,725 14,460
        Pashto  1,170 585 580
        Persian (Farsi)  6,500 3,435 3,060
        Polish  8,060 3,815 4,240
        Portuguese  2,730 1,320 1,415
        Romanian  3,875 1,995 1,880
        Rundi (Kirundi)  80 40 40
        Russian  7,710 3,510 4,195
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  70 40 30
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 420 220 195
        Serbian  1,765 885 880
        Serbo-Croatian  505 240 260
        Shanghainese  80 30 50
        Sign languages, n.i.e 155 85 70
        Sindhi  1,630 775 850
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  850 425 430
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 290 135 155
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 80 40 40
        Slovak  1,130 570 560
        Slovenian  280 130 155
        Somali  1,070 530 540
        Spanish  23,125 11,400 11,720
        Swahili  560 275 285
        Swedish  325 135 190
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  27,090 11,555 15,535
        Taiwanese  175 80 95
        Tamil  1,305 695 605
        Telugu  510 260 250
        Thai  525 165 360
        Tibetan languages  320 160 160
        Tigrigna  1,250 670 580
        Turkish  1,010 590 420
        Ukrainian  3,905 1,725 2,175
        Urdu  12,575 6,460 6,115
        Vietnamese  12,550 5,915 6,630
        Yiddish  95 50 50
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 3,925 1,930 1,995
  Multiple responses          27,500 13,475 14,030
    English and French  3,130 1,505 1,625
    English and non-official language  22,725 11,140 11,590
    French and non-official language  1,080 570 510
    English, French and non-official language 560 260 300
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,300,925 650,170 650,755
  English only 1,179,665 595,735 583,930
  French only 1,075 485 595
  English and French 94,005 43,440 50,565
  Neither English nor French 26,175 10,515 15,660
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,300,925 650,170 650,755
  English 1,249,095 626,705 622,390
  French 19,905 10,055 9,845
  English and French 6,355 3,195 3,165
  Neither English nor French 25,570 10,215 15,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 23,080 11,650 11,430
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.8 1.8 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,300,925 650,170 650,755
  Single responses 1,248,560 624,415 624,145
    English 1,059,805 531,795 528,020
    French 7,675 3,840 3,835
    Non-official languages 181,075 88,780 92,295
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 335 170 165
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 45 20 30
        Dene 5 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 5 0 5
        Stoney 275 135 135
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 179,260 87,860 91,395
        African languages, n.i.e. 1,055 540 515
        Afrikaans 475 235 240
        Akan (Twi) 205 105 105
        Albanian 585 320 270
        Amharic 2,200 1,090 1,115
        Arabic 8,475 4,410 4,065
        Armenian 145 70 75
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65
        Bengali 2,280 1,150 1,130
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 15 10
        Bisayan languages 540 250 295
        Bosnian 455 230 230
        Bulgarian 480 245 235
        Burmese 165 80 85
        Cantonese 14,525 6,755 7,765
        Chinese, n.o.s. 17,910 8,590 9,325
        Creoles 220 110 110
        Croatian 700 350 355
        Czech 400 190 205
        Danish 75 40 35
        Dutch 685 320 360
        Estonian 20 10 5
        Finnish 60 25 30
        Flemish 5 5 0
        Fukien 45 20 30
        German 2,290 1,110 1,180
        Greek 455 225 230
        Gujarati 2,155 1,040 1,120
        Hakka 15 10 10
        Hebrew 225 110 110
        Hindi 2,850 1,435 1,410
        Hungarian 1,230 605 625
        Ilocano 590 275 320
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 420 225 195
        Italian 1,465 660 805
        Japanese 1,000 435 565
        Khmer (Cambodian) 465 215 245
        Korean 5,875 2,795 3,085
        Kurdish 470 260 210
        Lao 260 115 140
        Latvian 45 30 15
        Lingala 15 10 10
        Lithuanian 60 30 30
        Macedonian 60 30 30
        Malay 230 125 105
        Malayalam 610 310 300
        Maltese 5 0 0
        Mandarin 8,870 4,300 4,565
        Marathi 230 120 110
        Nepali 560 290 265
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 145 170
        Norwegian 165 85 80
        Oromo 445 230 215
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 22,675 11,340 11,345
        Pashto 765 380 385
        Persian (Farsi) 4,490 2,290 2,195
        Polish 3,475 1,670 1,805
        Portuguese 1,110 545 565
        Romanian 2,215 1,165 1,050
        Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 15
        Russian 4,910 2,400 2,515
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 15 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 260 125 135
        Serbian 1,045 515 535
        Serbo-Croatian 235 115 115
        Shanghainese 45 25 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 210 115 90
        Sindhi 700 315 385
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 440 225 220
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 220 100 120
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slovak 465 235 230
        Slovenian 45 20 25
        Somali 755 385 370
        Spanish 14,920 7,405 7,510
        Swahili 205 105 95
        Swedish 50 25 25
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15,140 7,220 7,915
        Taiwanese 70 35 40
        Tamil 745 395 350
        Telugu 260 135 125
        Thai 235 100 130
        Tibetan languages 230 120 115
        Tigrigna 905 465 435
        Turkish 590 320 275
        Ukrainian 540 245 300
        Urdu 8,895 4,530 4,370
        Vietnamese 9,135 4,350 4,780
        Yiddish 0 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,480 750 730
  Multiple responses         52,365 25,760 26,610
    English and French 1,810 915 895
    English and non-official language 49,290 24,215 25,075
    French and non-official language 490 245 245
    English, French and non-official language 775 390 390
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,300,925 650,170 650,755
  None 1,114,790 559,340 555,450
  Single responses  182,710 89,110 93,595
    English  77,465 38,815 38,655
    French  12,675 5,780 6,890
    Non-official languages  92,570 44,515 48,055
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 395 160 230
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  190 75 115
        Dene  5 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  40 15 25
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  150 65 85
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 90,115 43,390 46,725
        African languages, n.i.e 565 295 270
        Afrikaans  415 215 200
        Akan (Twi)  255 140 115
        Albanian  315 165 155
        Amharic  770 395 375
        Arabic  5,790 3,110 2,685
        Armenian  60 25 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 220 110 110
        Bengali  580 285 295
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  405 170 230
        Bosnian  245 120 125
        Bulgarian  220 105 115
        Burmese  60 30 30
        Cantonese  5,180 2,475 2,705
        Chinese, n.o.s.  5,570 2,685 2,885
        Creoles  290 145 145
        Croatian  830 390 435
        Czech  540 265 280
        Danish  410 200 215
        Dutch  1,585 750 840
        Estonian  25 10 15
        Finnish  120 50 75
        Flemish  30 15 10
        Fukien  80 35 40
        German  5,075 2,445 2,630
        Greek  940 455 485
        Gujarati  1,685 815 865
        Hakka  40 15 25
        Hebrew  295 155 140
        Hindi  3,235 1,665 1,570
        Hungarian  1,160 550 610
        Ilocano  480 210 265
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 225 125 100
        Italian  2,620 1,320 1,305
        Japanese  1,090 450 635
        Khmer (Cambodian)  225 110 120
        Korean  1,225 585 640
        Kurdish  155 85 70
        Lao  190 90 100
        Latvian  35 15 25
        Lingala  55 25 35
        Lithuanian  45 20 20
        Macedonian  35 15 15
        Malay  260 115 140
        Malayalam  365 190 175
        Maltese  10 5 5
        Mandarin  2,410 1,115 1,295
        Marathi  140 75 65
        Nepali  110 65 45
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 1,000 490 510
        Norwegian  120 55 70
        Oromo  120 60 55
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  4,840 2,530 2,315
        Pashto  195 95 105
        Persian (Farsi)  1,205 635 565
        Polish  2,570 1,235 1,340
        Portuguese  1,110 530 580
        Romanian  1,070 535 530
        Rundi (Kirundi)  35 15 20
        Russian  1,945 880 1,065
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 95 50 45
        Serbian  525 270 260
        Serbo-Croatian  130 65 65
        Shanghainese  30 10 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e 170 75 90
        Sindhi  765 360 400
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  280 135 145
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Slovak  325 165 165
        Slovenian  75 35 40
        Somali  335 175 165
        Spanish  9,330 4,580 4,745
        Swahili  460 240 215
        Swedish  185 80 105
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  8,235 3,100 5,125
        Taiwanese  65 30 30
        Tamil  420 225 200
        Telugu  190 95 90
        Thai  215 65 145
        Tibetan languages  55 25 30
        Tigrigna  375 205 175
        Turkish  285 160 125
        Ukrainian  990 445 540
        Urdu  2,845 1,485 1,365
        Vietnamese  2,725 1,285 1,445
        Yiddish  35 15 20
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,065 975 1,090
  Multiple responses          3,430 1,720 1,705
    English and French  500 255 240
    English and non-official language  1,440 735 700
    French and non-official language  1,470 715 755
    English, French and non-official language  20 10 10

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Division No. 6, CDR, Alberta (Code 4806) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 14, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Map: Division No. 6, Census division (Census Division), Alberta

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Geographic hierarchy: Division No. 6, CDR, Alberta (Census division)