NHS Profile, British Columbia, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

Select a table view
NHS data, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic British Columbia

(Province)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 4,324,455 2,125,625 2,198,830
Canadian citizens 3,975,530 1,963,890 2,011,645
Canadian citizens aged under 18 794,250 411,590 382,665
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 3,181,280 1,552,300 1,628,975
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 348,925 161,735 187,185
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 4,324,455 2,125,625 2,198,830
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 3,067,590 1,533,255 1,534,330
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 1,191,875 561,490 630,385
Before 1971 223,215 109,510 113,710
1971 to 1980 161,335 76,865 84,470
1981 to 1990 156,445 72,625 83,820
1991 to 2000 305,655 140,985 164,675
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 345,220 161,510 183,715
2001 to 2005 160,100 74,395 85,710
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 185,115 87,110 98,005
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 64,995 30,880 34,115
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 1,191,875 561,485 630,385
Under 5 years 108,990 54,755 54,235
5 to 14 years 201,815 103,905 97,920
15 to 24 years 268,750 121,580 147,170
25 to 44 years 476,835 218,305 258,530
45 years and over 135,480 62,940 72,540
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 4,324,455 2,125,625 2,198,830
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 3,067,585 1,533,255 1,534,330
Born in province of residence 2,106,255 1,059,575 1,046,675
Born outside province of residence 961,335 473,680 487,655
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 1,191,875 561,490 630,390
Americas 105,195 48,190 57,005
United States 57,975 26,730 31,250
Jamaica 2,870 1,315 1,555
Guyana 1,320 570 750
Haiti 540 245 295
Mexico 8,775 3,905 4,865
Trinidad and Tobago 2,800 1,305 1,500
Colombia 3,310 1,420 1,885
El Salvador 5,630 2,565 3,070
Peru 2,925 1,155 1,770
Chile 2,640 1,180 1,455
Other places of birth in Americas 16,405 7,785 8,620
Europe 322,795 159,085 163,710
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 130,730 63,185 67,545
Italy 15,980 8,620 7,365
Germany 35,100 17,155 17,945
Poland 14,625 6,955 7,670
Portugal 8,135 3,975 4,160
Netherlands 20,640 10,460 10,185
France 5,340 2,745 2,595
Romania 8,005 3,890 4,110
Russian Federation 8,795 3,930 4,865
Greece 3,350 1,875 1,475
Ukraine 7,055 3,340 3,715
Croatia 5,640 2,895 2,750
Hungary 5,955 3,190 2,765
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,215 2,125 2,095
Serbia 4,635 2,355 2,280
Ireland, Republic of 5,180 2,645 2,530
Other places of birth in Europe 39,410 19,745 19,660
Africa 37,270 18,585 18,685
Morocco 910 505 405
Algeria 485 310 180
Egypt 1,770 1,035 740
South Africa, Republic of 12,810 6,270 6,535
Nigeria 1,230 795 435
Ethiopia 1,645 780 865
Kenya 4,520 2,035 2,485
Other places of birth in Africa 13,905 6,860 7,045
Asia 696,700 321,170 375,530
India 143,340 69,730 73,610
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 167,530 75,680 91,850
Philippines 96,560 39,985 56,575
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 74,635 35,040 39,595
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 25,845 11,655 14,185
Pakistan 8,565 4,440 4,125
Sri Lanka 4,430 2,330 2,105
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 30,050 14,955 15,095
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 37,730 17,635 20,090
Lebanon 1,740 925 820
Taiwan 42,045 19,575 22,470
Iraq 3,430 1,850 1,580
Bangladesh 1,580 845 735
Afghanistan 3,520 1,770 1,755
Japan 12,355 3,880 8,475
Turkey 2,105 1,265 845
Other places of birth in Asia 41,230 19,620 21,615
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 29,915 14,460 15,450
Fiji 17,555 8,150 9,400
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 12,355 6,305 6,050
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 64,995 30,880 34,110
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 185,115 87,115 98,005
Americas 17,200 8,245 8,955
United States 8,680 4,240 4,440
Mexico 2,715 1,330 1,380
Cuba 285 170 115
Haiti 120 65 55
Jamaica 345 195 145
Brazil 995 410 585
Colombia 1,000 400 595
Guyana 75 35 40
Peru 680 250 430
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 230 90 140
Other places of birth in Americas 2,085 1,050 1,035
Europe 22,890 11,925 10,965
France 780 440 345
Germany 2,015 1,020 1,000
Poland 585 270 320
Romania 1,570 785 785
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 330 160 170
Russian Federation 2,445 1,060 1,385
Ukraine 1,005 435 575
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 8,960 5,060 3,905
Other places of birth in Europe 5,190 2,705 2,485
Africa 6,180 3,075 3,105
Nigeria 620 385 235
Ethiopia 425 175 250
Mauritius 220 110 105
Somalia 150 65 85
Algeria 135 50 90
Egypt 400 205 195
Morocco 265 120 145
Tunisia 85 30 50
Cameroon 30 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 140 70 75
South Africa, Republic of 1,590 795 795
Other places of birth in Africa 2,125 1,060 1,065
Asia 135,645 62,075 73,570
Philippines 27,785 12,495 15,295
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 38,595 17,005 21,595
India 25,835 12,660 13,180
Pakistan 1,800 890 905
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 6,690 3,260 3,430
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 10,110 4,625 5,485
Sri Lanka 1,125 610 515
Iraq 1,380 715 660
Bangladesh 420 235 190
Lebanon 350 190 155
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,700 525 1,175
Taiwan 5,700 2,705 2,990
Afghanistan 800 400 395
Japan 2,630 660 1,970
Turkey 865 505 355
Israel 465 200 265
Nepal 515 245 280
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,725 755 970
United Arab Emirates 255 115 145
Saudi Arabia 380 230 150
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 190 95 100
Other places of birth in Asia 6,335 2,965 3,370
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 3,200 1,790 1,410
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 4,324,455 2,125,625 2,198,830
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 1,272,685 600,735 671,955
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 1,013,330 504,990 508,345
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 2,038,435 1,019,900 1,018,540
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 4,324,455 2,125,625 2,198,830
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 1,180,870 565,965 614,905
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 313,440 157,135 156,300
Chinese 438,140 208,175 229,960
Black 33,260 17,365 15,895
Filipino 126,040 53,715 72,320
Latin American 35,465 16,985 18,480
Arab 14,090 8,010 6,080
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 51,970 25,055 26,920
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 38,960 19,420 19,540
Korean 53,770 25,325 28,440
Japanese 38,120 16,295 21,820
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 6,465 3,220 3,240
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 31,160 15,255 15,905
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 3,143,585 1,559,660 1,583,930
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 4,324,455 2,125,625 2,198,830
North American Aboriginal origins 267,085 128,880 138,205
First Nations (North American Indian) 202,535 97,810 104,725
Inuit 2,570 1,235 1,340
Métis 70,200 33,530 36,670
Other North American origins 884,490 440,920 443,570
Acadian 3,550 1,915 1,640
American 77,955 37,825 40,135
Canadian 826,335 412,215 414,125
New Brunswicker 25 0 15
Newfoundlander 1,510 890 615
Nova Scotian 175 95 80
Ontarian 105 45 55
Québécois 1,535 740 800
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 680 330 350
European origins 2,812,935 1,387,940 1,424,990
British Isles origins 1,905,680 936,940 968,745
Channel Islander 340 145 185
Cornish 600 340 260
English 1,199,955 585,225 614,730
Irish 643,465 304,795 338,675
Manx 1,460 695 765
Scottish 833,290 404,610 428,680
Welsh 107,780 50,860 56,920
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 107,930 52,010 55,920
French origins 369,420 176,170 193,250
Alsatian 235 80 160
Breton 170 40 135
French 369,100 176,090 193,010
Western European origins (except French origins) 797,120 390,605 406,515
Austrian 45,670 22,235 23,435
Belgian 19,050 9,425 9,630
Dutch 204,695 101,515 103,185
Flemish 2,240 1,110 1,130
Frisian 1,030 535 490
German 567,670 277,540 290,125
Luxembourger 715 335 375
Swiss 29,705 14,435 15,270
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 435 185 255
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 333,085 160,745 172,340
Danish 57,765 28,375 29,390
Finnish 31,610 15,480 16,130
Icelandic 22,600 10,890 11,705
Norwegian 134,425 65,250 69,175
Swedish 106,085 49,745 56,340
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 12,080 6,195 5,885
Eastern European origins 515,665 249,940 265,730
Bulgarian 3,195 1,615 1,580
Byelorussian 2,130 1,075 1,060
Czech 19,565 9,875 9,690
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 7,855 3,835 4,025
Estonian 3,855 1,695 2,165
Hungarian 51,025 25,215 25,815
Latvian 4,115 2,175 1,940
Lithuanian 5,740 2,665 3,065
Moldovan 735 415 320
Polish 133,510 64,215 69,290
Romanian 28,330 13,900 14,435
Russian 120,840 57,950 62,885
Slovak 9,950 4,745 5,205
Ukrainian 203,585 97,295 106,285
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 2,055 1,030 1,025
Southern European origins 303,165 150,005 153,165
Albanian 1,375 730 655
Bosnian 2,765 1,415 1,355
Croatian 19,855 10,095 9,760
Cypriot 295 160 130
Greek 20,075 10,320 9,760
Italian 150,660 75,670 74,985
Kosovar 325 180 140
Macedonian 940 435 500
Maltese 2,340 1,185 1,155
Montenegrin 380 180 200
Portuguese 36,545 18,170 18,375
Serbian 10,155 5,185 4,965
Sicilian 740 465 275
Slovenian 4,945 2,475 2,475
Spanish 60,175 27,120 33,055
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 9,020 4,625 4,395
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 245 85 155
Other European origins 45,605 23,495 22,110
Basque 710 400 310
Jewish 31,865 16,080 15,785
Roma (Gypsy) 1,030 455 575
Slavic, n.o.s. 940 485 455
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 11,375 6,235 5,140
Caribbean origins 20,035 10,225 9,810
Antiguan 170 100 70
Bahamian 270 135 130
Barbadian 1,395 680 715
Bermudan 255 105 150
Carib 200 125 80
Cuban 1,240 690 550
Dominican 475 195 280
Grenadian 240 120 125
Haitian 735 385 350
Jamaican 7,980 3,980 4,005
Kittitian/Nevisian 40 10 30
Martinican 40 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 485 260 225
St. Lucian 135 90 45
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 3,720 1,920 1,805
Vincentian/Grenadinian 320 205 110
West Indian, n.o.s. 1,835 895 940
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 1,270 680 590
Latin, Central and South American origins 52,725 25,605 27,120
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 1,895 835 1,060
Argentinian 1,360 590 770
Belizean 180 95 85
Bolivian 270 125 150
Brazilian 2,935 1,480 1,455
Chilean 4,875 2,270 2,605
Colombian 4,325 2,085 2,240
Costa Rican 640 245 400
Ecuadorian 710 330 375
Guatemalan 2,155 1,070 1,080
Guyanese 1,360 695 665
Hispanic 1,275 675 595
Honduran 1,135 510 620
Maya 710 395 315
Mexican 15,950 7,885 8,065
Nicaraguan 1,215 610 600
Panamanian 320 135 190
Paraguayan 735 435 300
Peruvian 3,025 1,310 1,715
Salvadorean 7,565 3,830 3,730
Uruguayan 300 160 135
Venezuelan 1,040 515 535
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 2,170 1,060 1,110
African origins 47,185 23,575 23,610
Central and West African origins 4,910 2,635 2,280
Akan 60 20 35
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 65 30 30
Beninese 15 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 130 80 55
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 680 305 370
Gabonese 20 0 0
Gambian 25 20 0
Ghanaian 1,095 550 545
Guinean 60 25 45
Ibo 175 70 105
Ivorian 15 0 15
Liberian 295 145 150
Malian 60 40 20
Nigerian 1,700 950 745
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 75 45 30
Sierra Leonean 65 40 25
Togolese 115 90 25
Yoruba 285 195 95
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 365 200 165
North African origins 7,115 3,790 3,320
Algerian 700 390 305
Berber 185 120 65
Coptic 85 35 55
Dinka 35 25 0
Egyptian 3,145 1,655 1,490
Libyan 420 225 190
Maure 65 25 40
Moroccan 1,360 715 645
Sudanese 910 485 425
Tunisian 325 160 160
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 145 90 55
Southern and East African origins 19,810 9,575 10,235
Afrikaner 635 305 330
Amhara 135 85 50
Bantu, n.o.s. 80 55 25
Burundian 155 85 65
Eritrean 1,110 550 555
Ethiopian 1,820 925 890
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 1,025 455 575
Malagasy 30 15 0
Mauritian 550 260 295
Oromo 105 45 55
Rwandan 215 105 105
Seychellois 30 15 15
Somali 1,230 610 620
South African 10,335 4,915 5,420
Tanzanian 510 220 290
Tigrian 90 65 20
Ugandan 580 285 295
Zambian 170 90 80
Zimbabwean 650 365 285
Zulu 85 30 55
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 1,245 610 635
Other African origins 16,200 8,050 8,145
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 1,790 945 845
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 14,505 7,165 7,345
Asian origins 1,122,445 535,825 586,620
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 77,140 39,545 37,595
Afghan 5,310 2,665 2,650
Arab, n.o.s. 5,565 3,180 2,380
Armenian 3,335 1,470 1,865
Assyrian 445 235 210
Azerbaijani 770 400 375
Georgian 495 285 215
Iranian 39,285 19,760 19,525
Iraqi 3,145 1,680 1,465
Israeli 1,190 580 605
Jordanian 525 300 225
Kazakh 270 100 165
Kurd 1,435 815 625
Kuwaiti 155 105 55
Lebanese 6,435 3,205 3,225
Palestinian 1,630 935 690
Pashtun 335 160 180
Saudi Arabian 1,485 895 585
Syrian 1,785 960 830
Tajik 410 210 195
Tatar 320 160 160
Turk 5,495 2,965 2,530
Uighur 115 50 70
Uzbek 275 125 145
Yemeni 200 125 80
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 1,575 800 770
South Asian origins 311,265 156,025 155,235
Bangladeshi 1,210 640 565
Bengali 615 330 285
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 274,065 137,090 136,970
Goan 275 150 120
Gujarati 560 245 315
Kashmiri 70 35 40
Nepali 1,255 570 685
Pakistani 9,770 5,180 4,590
Punjabi 24,240 12,115 12,125
Sinhalese 600 310 285
Sri Lankan 5,215 2,690 2,520
Tamil 1,260 640 615
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 4,460 2,275 2,185
East and Southeast Asian origins 739,415 342,840 396,575
Burmese 2,165 1,025 1,140
Cambodian (Khmer) 2,385 1,195 1,195
Chinese 464,800 220,435 244,365
Filipino 135,995 58,505 77,485
Hmong 200 120 80
Indonesian 5,545 2,690 2,855
Japanese 45,895 19,990 25,915
Korean 55,450 26,150 29,295
Laotian 2,010 970 1,040
Malaysian 4,350 1,980 2,370
Mongolian 1,345 605 740
Singaporean 935 460 475
Taiwanese 17,205 8,235 8,970
Thai 3,865 1,500 2,365
Tibetan 305 175 125
Vietnamese 35,850 16,965 18,885
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 1,335 625 710
Other Asian origins 2,150 970 1,180
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 2,150 970 1,185
Oceania origins 35,770 17,425 18,340
Australian 12,765 6,345 6,415
New Zealander 5,720 2,805 2,915
Pacific Islands origins 17,690 8,475 9,215
Fijian 13,905 6,760 7,145
Hawaiian 2,030 925 1,110
Maori 760 350 405
Polynesian, n.o.s. 400 180 225
Samoan 370 210 165
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 590 215 370
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 4,324,455 2,125,625 2,198,830
Buddhist 90,620 40,175 50,440
Christian 1,930,415 883,680 1,046,735
Anglican 213,975 94,330 119,645
Baptist 91,575 41,565 50,010
Catholic 650,360 303,300 347,060
Christian Orthodox 39,845 19,475 20,375
Lutheran 71,470 32,205 39,270
Pentecostal 58,300 26,590 31,710
Presbyterian 44,635 19,925 24,710
United Church 222,230 94,020 128,210
Other Christian 538,030 252,270 285,770
Hindu 45,795 22,945 22,845
Jewish 23,130 11,255 11,880
Muslim 79,310 39,780 39,530
Sikh 201,110 100,610 100,500
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 10,295 5,085 5,210
Other religions 35,500 14,680 20,820
No religious affiliation 1,908,285 1,007,420 900,865
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 4,324,455 2,125,625 2,198,830
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 232,290 113,080 119,215
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 155,020 75,400 79,620
Métis single identity 69,475 33,940 35,540
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 1,570 820 750
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 2,480 1,190 1,290
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 3,745 1,735 2,015
Non-Aboriginal identity 4,092,165 2,012,550 2,079,620
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,324,455 2,125,625 2,198,830
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 121,225 59,710 61,510
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 4,203,230 2,065,915 2,137,320
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 4,324,460 2,125,625 2,198,830
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 267,090 128,880 138,210
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 202,535 97,810 104,725
Métis ancestry 70,195 33,525 36,670
Inuit ancestry 2,570 1,235 1,340
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 4,057,370 1,996,745 2,060,620
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 1,361,445 643,770 717,675
Aboriginal languages 15,015 7,210 7,800
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 60 35 20
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 1,500 765 735
Mi'kmaq 15 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 245 115 135
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 1,920 945 970
Dene 115 65 55
Tlicho (Dogrib) 10 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 100 50 50
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 80 45
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 11,170 5,270 5,900
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,346,770 636,755 710,015
Italian 35,890 17,790 18,095
Portuguese 18,435 9,025 9,410
Romanian 8,630 4,255 4,375
Spanish 97,195 45,580 51,620
Dutch 27,485 13,020 14,455
Flemish 560 225 340
German 96,725 47,230 49,495
Yiddish 540 280 260
Danish 6,620 3,275 3,345
Norwegian 2,900 1,475 1,425
Swedish 4,295 1,950 2,345
Afrikaans 7,640 3,875 3,765
Gaelic languages 1,195 635 555
Bosnian 1,315 675 640
Bulgarian 2,050 1,055 990
Croatian 9,180 4,575 4,605
Czech 6,000 2,945 3,055
Macedonian 350 170 180
Polish 18,585 8,800 9,785
Russian 29,635 14,185 15,450
Serbian 8,260 4,165 4,095
Serbo-Croatian 1,495 650 840
Slovak 3,320 1,535 1,785
Slovenian 1,265 630 630
Ukrainian 11,410 4,735 6,675
Latvian 585 290 290
Lithuanian 375 175 200
Greek 8,070 4,180 3,885
Armenian 1,240 560 690
Albanian 1,375 725 645
Estonian 810 330 480
Finnish 3,755 1,655 2,095
Hungarian 10,040 4,995 5,045
Turkish 4,930 2,880 2,050
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 255 130 130
Somali 775 390 385
Amharic 1,570 790 775
Arabic 17,475 9,715 7,760
Hebrew 4,505 2,325 2,180
Maltese 215 85 130
Tigrigna 845 430 420
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 720 395 325
Bengali 2,540 1,395 1,155
Gujarati 9,325 4,375 4,955
Hindi 66,870 33,155 33,715
Konkani 345 160 185
Marathi 720 415 310
Panjabi (Punjabi) 213,315 106,655 106,655
Sindhi 2,470 1,055 1,415
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,225 1,125 1,100
Urdu 13,375 6,980 6,395
Nepali 1,110 540 565
Kurdish 1,515 850 660
Pashto 1,270 710 560
Persian (Farsi) 39,715 19,665 20,050
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,000 505 500
Kannada 400 180 220
Malayalam 2,145 1,150 990
Tamil 5,345 2,780 2,565
Telugu 860 445 410
Japanese 33,455 14,145 19,305
Korean 51,140 23,830 27,310
Cantonese 169,005 78,910 90,100
Fukien 2,560 1,165 1,395
Hakka 1,130 415 720
Mandarin 144,610 66,630 77,975
Taiwanese 8,945 4,120 4,820
Chinese, n.o.s. 114,225 53,310 60,915
Lao 1,600 755 840
Thai 3,630 1,425 2,200
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,425 695 730
Vietnamese 30,810 14,190 16,625
Bisayan languages 4,680 1,860 2,820
Ilocano 4,315 1,565 2,755
Malay 6,760 3,150 3,610
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 99,900 39,685 60,220
Akan (Twi) 525 245 280
Lingala 360 120 240
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 60 50
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 125 65 55
Swahili 3,245 1,685 1,565
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,070 495 575
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,440 765 675
African languages, n.i.e. 1,010 475 540
Creoles 1,520 745 770
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 20,175 9,160 11,015
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 4,282,105 2,104,330 2,177,775
Non-movers 3,665,455 1,800,290 1,865,170
Movers 616,645 304,040 312,605
Non-migrants 347,840 171,220 176,615
Migrants 268,810 132,820 135,990
Internal migrants 212,385 105,460 106,920
Intraprovincial migrants 167,280 82,875 84,410
Interprovincial migrants 45,105 22,590 22,515
External migrants 56,425 27,355 29,070
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 4,104,195 2,012,810 2,091,385
Non-movers 2,349,525 1,149,690 1,199,835
Movers 1,754,670 863,120 891,555
Non-migrants 888,335 437,165 451,165
Migrants 866,335 425,950 440,385
Internal migrants 653,285 323,600 329,690
Intraprovincial migrants 486,835 239,700 247,135
Interprovincial migrants 166,450 83,900 82,560
External migrants 213,050 102,360 110,695
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 3,646,840 1,775,440 1,871,395
No certificate, diploma or degree 607,655 305,040 302,620
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 1,009,400 475,670 533,735
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 2,029,785 994,740 1,035,045
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 387,455 262,245 125,210
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 628,115 260,580 367,535
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 208,245 86,995 121,250
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 805,965 384,920 421,045
Bachelor's degree 511,240 235,620 275,625
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 294,725 149,300 145,425
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 2,451,615 1,189,460 1,262,155
No certificate, diploma or degree 247,390 132,000 115,395
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 614,585 293,735 320,850
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 1,589,635 763,725 825,905
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 277,125 186,985 90,140
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 488,900 202,165 286,735
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 155,475 65,045 90,435
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 668,130 309,530 358,600
Bachelor's degree 424,725 192,435 232,290
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 243,405 117,095 126,310
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 3,646,840 1,775,445 1,871,400
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 1,617,055 780,705 836,350
Education 149,980 38,300 111,680
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 89,230 41,545 47,690
Humanities 120,340 48,435 71,900
Social and behavioural sciences and law 209,655 76,455 133,195
Business, management and public administration 412,335 159,065 253,270
Physical and life sciences and technologies 79,980 43,360 36,625
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 72,705 45,270 27,430
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 421,115 387,355 33,760
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 49,275 32,450 16,820
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 308,880 60,985 247,895
Personal, protective and transportation services 116,025 61,445 54,575
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 270 65 200
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 3,646,840 1,775,445 1,871,395
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,617,060 780,705 836,350
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 2,029,785 994,735 1,035,045
Location of study inside Canada 1,570,340 768,775 801,565
Same as province or territory of residence 1,205,290 582,610 622,680
Another province or territory 365,050 186,165 178,885
Location of study outside Canada 459,445 225,965 233,480
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 2,529,750 1,303,265 1,226,490
Single responses 2,499,155 1,288,360 1,210,800
English 2,416,850 1,246,930 1,169,920
French 5,390 1,550 3,845
Non-official languages 76,920 39,885 37,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,960 8,850 8,115
Cantonese 15,175 7,675 7,500
Panjabi (Punjabi) 17,440 9,365 8,070
Mandarin 10,905 5,920 4,985
Spanish 1,245 675 575
Korean 5,345 2,890 2,455
German 650 365 285
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 245 85 160
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 8,950 4,055 4,895
Multiple responses 30,595 14,905 15,685
English and French 3,060 1,295 1,765
English and non-official language 27,100 13,395 13,705
French and non-official language 40 35 0
English, French and non-official language 390 185 210
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 2,529,755 1,303,270 1,226,485
English 2,416,850 1,246,925 1,169,915
French 5,395 1,545 3,845
Non-official language 76,920 39,880 37,035
Aboriginal 185 60 130
Non-Aboriginal 76,735 39,825 36,910
English and French 3,060 1,295 1,765
English and non-official language 27,100 13,395 13,705
French and non-official language 40 35 0
English, French and non-official language 395 185 205
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 3,646,840 1,775,440 1,871,395
In the labour force 2,354,245 1,223,375 1,130,870
Employed 2,171,465 1,124,590 1,046,875
Unemployed 182,775 98,785 83,990
Not in the labour force 1,292,595 552,070 740,530
Participation rate 64.6 68.9 60.4
Employment rate 59.5 63.3 55.9
Unemployment rate 7.8 8.1 7.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 2,354,245 1,223,375 1,130,870
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 48,930 23,625 25,300
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 2,305,315 1,199,750 1,105,570
Employee 1,996,990 1,006,460 990,530
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 308,325 193,285 115,040
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 2,354,245 1,223,375 1,130,875
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 48,930 23,625 25,305
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 2,305,320 1,199,745 1,105,565
0 Management occupations 263,685 162,365 101,320
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 368,980 104,285 264,690
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 154,055 122,570 31,480
3 Health occupations 147,620 32,490 115,125
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 265,910 89,645 176,265
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 78,565 38,300 40,270
6 Sales and service occupations 554,345 233,065 321,285
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 337,140 317,385 19,755
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 60,295 45,155 15,135
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 74,720 54,470 20,250
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 2,354,245 1,223,375 1,130,870
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 48,930 23,625 25,300
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 2,305,315 1,199,750 1,105,570
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 61,210 40,810 20,405
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 25,450 21,175 4,275
22 Utilities 13,215 9,650 3,560
23 Construction 181,510 159,605 21,910
31-33 Manufacturing 148,810 108,480 40,335
41 Wholesale trade 90,560 61,730 28,820
44-45 Retail trade 266,265 121,750 144,515
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 118,675 89,155 29,520
51 Information and cultural industries 62,235 37,250 24,980
52 Finance and insurance 91,790 35,375 56,415
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 54,840 29,790 25,055
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 179,355 98,760 80,590
55 Management of companies and enterprises 2,440 1,320 1,120
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 98,890 55,745 43,145
61 Educational services 167,875 55,635 112,235
62 Health care and social assistance 249,030 47,020 202,010
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 56,915 29,750 27,175
72 Accommodation and food services 179,625 73,570 106,055
81 Other services (except public administration) 112,745 49,130 63,615
91 Public administration 143,875 74,040 69,840
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 2,354,245 1,223,375 1,130,870
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 124,235 58,550 65,690
Worked in 2010 2,230,005 1,164,825 1,065,180
1 to 13 weeks 124,680 60,060 64,620
14 to 26 weeks 189,705 94,100 95,605
27 to 39 weeks 158,720 81,050 77,675
40 to 48 weeks 419,080 214,175 204,900
49 to 52 weeks 1,337,820 715,445 622,375
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.9 44.3 43.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 2,354,245 1,223,375 1,130,875
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 124,235 58,550 65,695
Worked in 2010 2,230,005 1,164,830 1,065,185
Worked full-time in 2010 1,713,540 984,605 728,930
Worked part-time in 2010 516,465 180,220 336,250
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 2,171,470 1,124,590 1,046,880
Worked at home 174,000 84,015 89,990
Worked outside Canada 12,480 9,210 3,270
No fixed workplace address 304,465 225,840 78,620
Worked at usual place 1,680,525 805,525 875,000
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 1,984,985 1,031,365 953,620
Car, truck or van - as a driver 1,415,745 773,160 642,580
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 110,695 47,425 63,270
Public transit 250,450 107,645 142,810
Walked 132,205 57,000 75,205
Bicycle 42,260 26,595 15,665
Other methods 33,635 19,535 14,100
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 1,984,990 1,031,365 953,620
Median commuting duration 20.4 20.7 20.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 1,984,990 1,031,370 953,620
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 455,025 299,985 155,035
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 1,097,800 521,570 576,230
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 432,160 209,805 222,355
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 1,764,630 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 1,636,875 ... ...
Major repairs needed 127,760 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 1,764,630 ... ...
1960 or before 282,675 ... ...
1961 to 1980 551,655 ... ...
1981 to 1990 308,450 ... ...
1991 to 2000 329,780 ... ...
2001 to 2005 133,235 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 158,845 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 1,764,635 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 548,705 ... ...
5 rooms 259,775 ... ...
6 rooms 227,360 ... ...
7 rooms 190,065 ... ...
8 or more rooms 538,720 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 1,764,630 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 313,575 ... ...
2 bedrooms 472,285 ... ...
3 bedrooms 499,495 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 479,280 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 1,764,630 ... ...
Owner 1,234,710 ... ...
Renter 524,995 ... ...
Band housing 4,920 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 1,764,630 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 397,105 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 1,367,530 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 1,764,635 ... ...
1 household maintainer 1,038,910 ... ...
2 household maintainers 673,945 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 51,775 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 1,764,635 ... ...
Under 25 years 57,815 ... ...
25 to 34 years 235,955 ... ...
35 to 44 years 308,825 ... ...
45 to 54 years 396,785 ... ...
55 to 64 years 354,395 ... ...
65 to 74 years 220,365 ... ...
75 years and over 190,500 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 1,764,635 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 1,716,855 ... ...
More than one person per room 47,780 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 1,764,630 ... ...
Suitable 1,645,475 ... ...
Not suitable 119,150 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 1,717,195 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 1,197,730 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 519,470 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 412,810 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 1,202,000 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 57.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 23.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,023 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,228 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 448,835 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 543,635 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 519,855 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 45.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 903 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 989 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 3,646,835 1,775,440 1,871,400
Without income 182,580 79,765 102,810
With income 3,464,260 1,695,680 1,768,585
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 401,210 189,600 211,605
$5,000 to $9,999 244,705 86,215 158,495
$10,000 to $14,999 333,325 133,645 199,675
$15,000 to $19,999 332,735 129,525 203,205
$20,000 to $29,999 470,255 201,000 269,255
$30,000 to $39,999 404,860 186,285 218,575
$40,000 to $49,999 338,595 167,400 171,190
$50,000 to $59,999 253,215 143,765 109,445
$60,000 to $79,999 330,590 206,400 124,195
$80,000 to $99,999 169,190 112,525 56,670
$100,000 and over 185,580 139,305 46,275
$100,000 to $124,999 89,520 65,050 24,470
$125,000 and over 96,055 74,260 21,795
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,765 35,627 23,624
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,415 47,480 31,683
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 3,646,840 1,775,445 1,871,400
Without after-tax income 183,005 79,655 103,350
With after-tax income 3,463,840 1,695,785 1,768,050
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 408,880 192,130 216,755
$5,000 to $9,999 248,910 87,100 161,810
$10,000 to $14,999 340,505 136,555 203,950
$15,000 to $19,999 352,155 138,620 213,540
$20,000 to $29,999 539,910 234,280 305,635
$30,000 to $39,999 474,000 223,580 250,425
$40,000 to $49,999 367,825 198,960 168,865
$50,000 to $59,999 253,315 155,505 97,810
$60,000 to $79,999 285,615 185,755 99,855
$80,000 to $99,999 101,390 73,130 28,265
$100,000 and over 91,330 70,170 21,155
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,842 32,557 22,485
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,758 39,804 27,958
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.3 91.1 84.3
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.7 76.8 69.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 69.0 71.5 65.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.6 5.3 3.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.1 5.5 7.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.9 7.3 6.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.5 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.7 8.9 15.7
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.7 3.2 4.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.3 2.4 4.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.5 1.2 1.9
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.2 0.1 2.8
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.0 1.9 2.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.4 16.2 11.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.6 83.8 88.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.8 2.9 2.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 1,141,340 650,435 490,905
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 49,143 55,334 42,839
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 58,016 65,599 47,970
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 1,205,260 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,797 ... ...
Average family income ($) 91,967 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,915 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 78,580 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 474,725 ... ...
Median family income ($) 69,881 ... ...
Average family income ($) 85,632 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,765 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,795 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 523,695 ... ...
Median family income ($) 94,632 ... ...
Average family income ($) 110,555 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,510 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 93,921 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 162,760 ... ...
Median family income ($) 42,610 ... ...
Average family income ($) 53,115 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 40,646 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 47,588 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 702,335 341,165 361,170
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,747 30,579 25,619
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,592 39,650 33,704
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,958 28,095 24,408
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,639 33,705 29,689
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 4,324,455 2,125,625 2,198,830
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 2,144,675 1,021,605 1,123,075
In bottom decile 502,820 244,035 258,785
In second decile 442,810 199,845 242,970
In third decile 393,940 185,700 208,235
In fourth decile 402,095 194,225 207,875
In fifth decile 403,010 197,800 205,210
In top half of the Canadian distribution 2,179,780 1,104,025 1,075,755
In sixth decile 417,640 206,750 210,890
In seventh decile 425,225 214,220 211,005
In eighth decile 435,015 220,060 214,955
In ninth decile 454,680 232,865 221,820
In top decile 447,215 230,125 217,090
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 1,764,630 ... ...
Under $5,000 60,125 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 36,340 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 59,965 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 96,600 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 157,605 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 167,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 158,400 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 140,340 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 246,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 193,180 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 167,415 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 106,325 ... ...
$150,000 and over 174,385 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 1,764,630 ... ...
Under $5,000 61,920 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 36,850 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 60,930 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 99,895 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 175,205 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 192,775 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 181,910 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 162,470 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 272,640 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 192,785 ... ...
$100,000 and over 327,245 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 150,380 ... ...
$125,000 and over 176,870 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 1,764,630 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 60,333 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 77,378 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 54,379 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 66,264 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 497,215 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 31,236 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 40,265 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,847 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 34,612 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 1,267,420 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 75,770 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 91,938 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 67,931 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 78,681 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 4,245,795 2,086,025 2,159,770
Less than 18 years 823,410 427,045 396,365
Less than 6 years 257,305 131,425 125,875
18 to 64 years 2,789,715 1,362,385 1,427,330
65 years and over 632,670 296,585 336,080
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 696,850 327,240 369,615
Less than 18 years 157,250 81,600 75,645
Less than 6 years 47,725 24,395 23,330
18 to 64 years 451,375 211,765 239,605
65 years and over 88,235 33,870 54,365
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 16.4 15.7 17.1
Less than 18 years (%) 19.1 19.1 19.1
Less than 6 years (%) 18.5 18.6 18.5
18 to 64 years (%) 16.2 15.5 16.8
65 years and over (%) 13.9 11.4 16.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

For population with income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 142 referrer

Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 143 referrer

Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 144 referrer

Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 146 referrer

Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 147 referrer

Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 148 referrer

Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. British Columbia (Code 59) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

British Columbia

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 26.1%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Download current NHS table

  •  CSV (approx. 70 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 70 kb)

Download NHS data for a complete geographic level

Census data

Census data

Select a table view
Census data, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic British Columbia

(Province)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 4,400,057  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 4,113,487  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 7.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,945,365 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,764,637 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4.8 ... ...
Land area (square km) 922,509.29 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 4,400,055 2,156,600 2,243,455
0 to 4 years 219,665 112,885 106,775
5 to 9 years 218,915 112,200 106,715
10 to 14 years 238,780 122,465 116,315
15 to 19 years 275,165 141,670 133,500
15 years 53,725 27,620 26,110
16 years 54,885 28,475 26,410
17 years 55,400 28,510 26,885
18 years 55,380 28,425 26,955
19 years 55,785 28,640 27,140
20 to 24 years 279,825 142,290 137,535
25 to 29 years 288,780 143,475 145,305
30 to 34 years 275,985 135,220 140,755
35 to 39 years 280,870 135,455 145,415
40 to 44 years 313,765 151,430 162,335
45 to 49 years 350,600 170,580 180,020
50 to 54 years 354,610 172,060 182,550
55 to 59 years 323,335 157,455 165,880
60 to 64 years 291,040 142,645 148,395
65 to 69 years 210,900 103,785 107,115
70 to 74 years 160,715 77,350 83,360
75 to 79 years 127,480 60,720 66,760
80 to 84 years 96,945 42,745 54,200
85 years and over 92,675 32,150 60,520
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.9 41.1 42.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.6 83.9 85.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 3,722,695 1,809,045 1,913,650
Married or living with a common-law partner 2,154,575 1,074,965 1,079,610
Married (and not separated) 1,832,605 913,430 919,175
Living common law 321,965 161,530 160,435
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 1,568,120 734,075 834,040
Single (never legally married) 1,014,270 550,830 463,435
Separated 102,040 43,570 58,470
Divorced 246,515 98,130 148,385
Widowed 205,300 41,550 163,750
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 1,238,155 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 645,245 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 263,910 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 238,525 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 90,470 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 1,238,155 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 1,048,350 ... ...
Married couples 887,990 ... ...
Without children at home 422,310 ... ...
With children at home 465,680 ... ...
1 child 181,895 ... ...
2 children 205,505 ... ...
3 or more children 78,280 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,360 ... ...
Without children at home 105,425 ... ...
With children at home 54,935 ... ...
1 child 27,565 ... ...
2 children 19,145 ... ...
3 or more children 8,225 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 189,805 ... ...
Female parent 149,010 ... ...
1 child 90,235 ... ...
2 children 43,935 ... ...
3 or more children 14,835 ... ...
Male parent 40,795 ... ...
1 child 27,275 ... ...
2 children 10,510 ... ...
3 or more children 3,005 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 1,230,340 ... ...
Under six years of age 260,215 ... ...
6 to 14 years 409,250 ... ...
15 to 17 years 156,650 ... ...
18 to 24 years 255,855 ... ...
25 years and over 148,375 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 4,324,505 2,122,320 2,202,185
Number of persons not in census families 807,660 383,540 424,120
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 105,450 42,525 62,925
Living with non-relatives only 203,285 111,935 91,345
Living alone 498,920 229,075 269,850
Number of census family persons 3,516,850 1,738,780 1,778,070
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 643,410 302,320 341,095
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 211,820 65,460 146,365
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 32,900 7,490 25,410
Living with non-relatives only 13,560 6,770 6,790
Living alone 165,365 51,195 114,165
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 431,590 236,860 194,730
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 1,764,635 ... ...
Census-family households 1,183,075 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 1,041,470 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 898,030 ... ...
Without children 458,880 ... ...
With children 439,150 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 143,445 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 141,600 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 91,190 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 66,105 ... ...
Without children 23,805 ... ...
With children 42,300 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 25,085 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 50,415 ... ...
Non-census-family households 581,565 ... ...
One-person households 498,925 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 82,640 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 1,764,635 ... ...
Single-detached house 842,120 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 143,970 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 46,960 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 731,585 ... ...
Semi-detached house 52,825 ... ...
Row house 130,365 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 184,355 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 361,150 ... ...
Other single-attached house 2,885 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 1,764,640 ... ...
1 person 498,925 ... ...
2 persons 613,270 ... ...
3 persons 264,135 ... ...
4 persons 237,725 ... ...
5 persons 91,600 ... ...
6 or more persons 58,985 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 4,324,505 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 4,356,205 2,137,240 2,218,965
  Single responses  4,273,930 2,098,055 2,175,870
    English  3,062,435 1,526,350 1,536,085
    French  57,275 28,315 28,965
    Non-official languages  1,154,215 543,395 610,825
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 1,210 540 675
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  955 435 525
        Dene  70 35 35
        Innu/Montagnais  5 5 0
        Inuktitut  25 10 10
        Mi'kmaq  15 10 5
        Ojibway  140 50 90
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  5 5 5
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,137,420 535,395 602,025
        African languages, n.i.e 620 330 295
        Afrikaans  2,735 1,330 1,405
        Akan (Twi)  455 235 220
        Albanian  1,335 695 635
        Amharic  1,255 615 640
        Arabic  13,050 7,505 5,550
        Armenian  1,105 560 545
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 530 235 295
        Bengali  2,410 1,265 1,145
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  15 10 5
        Bisayan languages  3,870 1,445 2,430
        Bosnian  1,275 635 640
        Bulgarian  1,945 960 985
        Burmese  945 485 465
        Cantonese  133,245 61,790 71,455
        Chinese, n.o.s.  120,040 55,735 64,305
        Creoles  640 315 320
        Croatian  7,820 3,860 3,955
        Czech  5,610 2,800 2,810
        Danish  5,250 2,575 2,675
        Dutch  23,080 11,190 11,890
        Estonian  820 345 475
        Finnish  4,090 1,705 2,390
        Flemish  445 215 235
        Fukien  1,920 835 1,085
        German  73,625 35,140 38,485
        Greek  6,250 3,360 2,885
        Gujarati  6,595 3,060 3,540
        Hakka  1,110 475 630
        Hebrew  1,755 970 785
        Hindi  24,640 11,840 12,800
        Hungarian  9,855 4,915 4,940
        Ilocano  3,755 1,465 2,290
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 475 265 205
        Italian  24,060 12,180 11,880
        Japanese  19,665 6,840 12,825
        Khmer (Cambodian)  1,465 700 770
        Korean  48,975 22,350 26,625
        Kurdish  1,415 775 645
        Lao  1,155 550 600
        Latvian  615 305 310
        Lingala  35 20 20
        Lithuanian  435 190 245
        Macedonian  275 130 140
        Malay  3,535 1,590 1,950
        Malayalam  1,460 735 725
        Maltese  220 115 115
        Mandarin  94,055 43,630 50,425
        Marathi  430 220 210
        Nepali  805 430 375
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 470 250 220
        Norwegian  2,370 1,155 1,215
        Oromo  325 185 140
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  182,915 90,900 92,020
        Pashto  900 485 415
        Persian (Farsi)  36,045 18,265 17,775
        Polish  17,460 8,185 9,270
        Portuguese  14,605 6,990 7,615
        Romanian  8,330 4,110 4,220
        Rundi (Kirundi)  135 60 80
        Russian  22,650 10,300 12,350
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  80 40 45
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 690 345 340
        Serbian  6,655 3,425 3,225
        Serbo-Croatian  1,425 675 755
        Shanghainese  1,250 530 715
        Sign languages, n.i.e 645 335 310
        Sindhi  1,770 790 975
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  1,405 715 685
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 775 400 375
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 495 275 225
        Slovak  3,220 1,440 1,780
        Slovenian  1,225 590 640
        Somali  975 495 480
        Spanish  40,795 19,325 21,470
        Swahili  755 390 365
        Swedish  2,740 1,195 1,545
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  66,120 25,835 40,285
        Taiwanese  5,675 2,640 3,035
        Tamil  3,135 1,635 1,500
        Telugu  570 295 270
        Thai  2,410 730 1,680
        Tibetan languages  200 115 85
        Tigrigna  590 285 300
        Turkish  2,890 1,650 1,235
        Ukrainian  9,680 4,215 5,460
        Urdu  8,450 4,315 4,140
        Vietnamese  25,100 11,745 13,360
        Yiddish  350 185 170
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 15,585 7,455 8,130
  Multiple responses          82,280 39,185 43,095
    English and French  8,600 4,065 4,535
    English and non-official language  68,800 32,875 35,925
    French and non-official language  3,345 1,520 1,830
    English, French and non-official language 1,530 725 805
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 4,356,210 2,137,240 2,218,965
  English only 3,912,950 1,943,760 1,969,190
  French only 2,045 950 1,095
  English and French 296,645 132,940 163,705
  Neither English nor French 144,555 59,590 84,965
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 4,356,205 2,137,245 2,218,965
  English 4,143,245 2,044,365 2,098,885
  French 53,725 26,660 27,065
  English and French 16,935 7,710 9,220
  Neither English nor French 142,300 58,510 83,790
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 62,190 30,515 31,680
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.4 1.4 1.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 4,356,205 2,137,245 2,218,965
  Single responses 4,193,385 2,059,465 2,133,915
    English 3,506,595 1,733,775 1,772,820
    French 16,685 8,015 8,665
    Non-official languages 670,100 317,670 352,430
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 175 85 85
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 135 70 65
        Dene 15 5 5
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 5 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 15 10 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 665,750 315,485 350,265
        African languages, n.i.e. 190 80 105
        Afrikaans 1,385 685 690
        Akan (Twi) 120 60 60
        Albanian 700 345 350
        Amharic 555 245 310
        Arabic 7,640 4,065 3,575
        Armenian 490 250 240
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65
        Bengali 1,465 715 750
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 1,265 540 720
        Bosnian 705 370 340
        Bulgarian 1,085 530 555
        Burmese 585 315 270
        Cantonese 103,550 47,585 55,970
        Chinese, n.o.s. 81,270 37,740 43,525
        Creoles 315 145 165
        Croatian 2,540 1,200 1,340
        Czech 1,570 795 775
        Danish 325 160 170
        Dutch 2,230 1,055 1,175
        Estonian 110 40 70
        Finnish 795 350 445
        Flemish 50 25 20
        Fukien 690 310 380
        German 11,555 5,430 6,120
        Greek 2,105 1,015 1,095
        Gujarati 3,045 1,335 1,710
        Hakka 320 145 175
        Hebrew 780 395 390
        Hindi 12,390 5,900 6,490
        Hungarian 2,560 1,235 1,325
        Ilocano 1,190 530 660
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 180 85 85
        Italian 6,250 2,730 3,520
        Japanese 9,540 3,985 5,555
        Khmer (Cambodian) 750 370 385
        Korean 38,810 17,985 20,830
        Kurdish 945 490 460
        Lao 545 270 275
        Latvian 105 50 50
        Lingala 10 5 5
        Lithuanian 65 30 35
        Macedonian 140 70 70
        Malay 1,320 655 660
        Malayalam 690 350 340
        Maltese 15 10 5
        Mandarin 78,070 36,945 41,130
        Marathi 230 120 105
        Nepali 525 275 250
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75
        Norwegian 160 80 80
        Oromo 175 80 95
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 137,390 67,955 69,430
        Pashto 565 295 270
        Persian (Farsi) 24,750 12,095 12,655
        Polish 6,395 3,065 3,330
        Portuguese 5,195 2,405 2,785
        Romanian 4,155 2,050 2,105
        Rundi (Kirundi) 75 30 45
        Russian 12,205 5,880 6,320
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 10 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 465 230 235
        Serbian 4,020 2,020 2,000
        Serbo-Croatian 615 300 315
        Shanghainese 555 260 295
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 980 535 450
        Sindhi 675 295 385
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 295 300
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 620 315 300
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45
        Slovak 1,080 515 570
        Slovenian 165 70 100
        Somali 625 310 315
        Spanish 20,585 10,025 10,555
        Swahili 250 130 125
        Swedish 430 195 235
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 29,380 12,780 16,600
        Taiwanese 2,910 1,390 1,515
        Tamil 1,965 1,010 960
        Telugu 290 145 140
        Thai 845 375 475
        Tibetan languages 100 55 45
        Tigrigna 295 135 160
        Turkish 1,365 725 645
        Ukrainian 1,070 475 595
        Urdu 5,430 2,700 2,730
        Vietnamese 17,270 8,085 9,180
        Yiddish 10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 4,180 2,100 2,075
  Multiple responses         162,820 77,775 85,050
    English and French 4,700 2,240 2,460
    English and non-official language 155,065 74,155 80,905
    French and non-official language 930 435 495
    English, French and non-official language 2,130 940 1,185
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 4,356,205 2,137,240 2,218,965
  None 3,740,260 1,844,645 1,895,615
  Single responses  604,495 287,270 317,220
    English  249,765 122,305 127,455
    French  38,175 17,315 20,865
    Non-official languages  316,550 147,655 168,900
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 845 400 445
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  705 335 365
        Dene  30 15 20
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  20 10 5
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 5
        Ojibway  80 35 45
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  5 0 5
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 305,355 142,340 163,020
        African languages, n.i.e 310 165 140
        Afrikaans  1,340 650 690
        Akan (Twi)  260 130 125
        Albanian  405 200 205
        Amharic  460 220 245
        Arabic  3,845 2,280 1,570
        Armenian  320 160 165
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 215 95 125
        Bengali  570 285 285
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 5 0
        Bisayan languages  920 345 575
        Bosnian  395 190 205
        Bulgarian  495 215 275
        Burmese  235 110 130
        Cantonese  29,240 13,945 15,290
        Chinese, n.o.s.  20,595 9,830 10,760
        Creoles  490 250 235
        Croatian  3,195 1,585 1,615
        Czech  1,940 900 1,045
        Danish  1,705 765 940
        Dutch  6,930 3,130 3,805
        Estonian  235 100 135
        Finnish  1,290 550 740
        Flemish  125 50 70
        Fukien  670 295 380
        German  23,905 10,935 12,970
        Greek  3,310 1,730 1,580
        Gujarati  3,185 1,485 1,705
        Hakka  315 135 175
        Hebrew  1,090 575 515
        Hindi  12,695 6,190 6,505
        Hungarian  2,950 1,405 1,545
        Ilocano  945 360 590
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 175 90 85
        Italian  9,605 4,715 4,890
        Japanese  9,050 3,635 5,415
        Khmer (Cambodian)  365 170 195
        Korean  6,890 3,125 3,765
        Kurdish  270 160 110
        Lao  410 200 210
        Latvian  120 45 75
        Lingala  65 25 40
        Lithuanian  115 55 60
        Macedonian  60 25 35
        Malay  1,450 645 805
        Malayalam  520 260 260
        Maltese  80 30 50
        Mandarin  17,925 8,150 9,775
        Marathi  125 65 65
        Nepali  155 80 75
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 295 155 135
        Norwegian  715 330 380
        Oromo  65 45 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  34,010 17,040 16,970
        Pashto  235 120 120
        Persian (Farsi)  7,025 3,725 3,300
        Polish  5,450 2,475 2,975
        Portuguese  5,640 2,625 3,010
        Romanian  2,410 1,135 1,270
        Rundi (Kirundi)  40 25 25
        Russian  6,140 2,715 3,425
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  30 15 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 160 85 70
        Serbian  1,855 955 905
        Serbo-Croatian  435 190 245
        Shanghainese  485 215 265
        Sign languages, n.i.e 865 345 520
        Sindhi  930 400 530
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  570 285 290
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 65 35 30
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 150 75 75
        Slovak  1,035 400 635
        Slovenian  345 155 190
        Somali  365 190 175
        Spanish  20,930 10,065 10,865
        Swahili  580 280 300
        Swedish  1,220 535 680
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  24,810 9,040 15,775
        Taiwanese  2,675 1,275 1,395
        Tamil  910 480 430
        Telugu  195 100 95
        Thai  1,110 370 740
        Tibetan languages  45 30 25
        Tigrigna  175 85 90
        Turkish  1,020 575 445
        Ukrainian  1,930 830 1,100
        Urdu  2,425 1,260 1,170
        Vietnamese  5,945 2,880 3,060
        Yiddish  90 35 50
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 10,345 4,910 5,435
  Multiple responses          11,455 5,320 6,130
    English and French  1,090 495 595
    English and non-official language  4,540 2,185 2,350
    French and non-official language  5,760 2,610 3,145
    English, French and non-official language  70 30 40

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. British Columbia (Code 59) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

British Columbia

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Download current census table

  •  CSV (approx. 50 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 50 kb)

Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: British Columbia (Province)

  • Canada
    • British Columbia (Province)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: British Columbia

2011 NHS