NHS Profile, New Brunswick, 2011

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NHS data, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic New Brunswick

(Province)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 735,835 359,485 376,345
Canadian citizens 722,470 353,115 369,360
Canadian citizens aged under 18 138,285 70,935 67,345
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 584,185 282,180 302,010
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 13,365 6,370 6,990
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 735,830 359,490 376,345
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 704,235 344,280 359,950
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 28,465 13,660 14,810
Before 1971 6,970 3,110 3,865
1971 to 1980 5,340 2,545 2,795
1981 to 1990 2,835 1,270 1,560
1991 to 2000 3,030 1,450 1,575
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,290 5,285 5,005
2001 to 2005 3,140 1,625 1,510
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,150 3,655 3,495
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 3,135 1,550 1,585
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 28,465 13,655 14,810
Under 5 years 4,580 2,050 2,530
5 to 14 years 6,255 2,860 3,395
15 to 24 years 5,905 2,745 3,165
25 to 44 years 9,765 4,920 4,840
45 years and over 1,965 1,080 880
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 735,835 359,490 376,345
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 704,235 344,285 359,955
Born in province of residence 588,580 287,655 300,920
Born outside province of residence 115,655 56,625 59,030
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 28,465 13,655 14,810
Americas 10,200 4,645 5,555
United States 8,225 3,655 4,570
Jamaica 60 20 40
Guyana 95 60 30
Haiti 230 160 65
Mexico 170 90 85
Trinidad and Tobago 120 60 60
Colombia 400 155 245
El Salvador 35 25 0
Peru 35 0 25
Chile 50 0 30
Other places of birth in Americas 785 395 395
Europe 10,260 5,085 5,175
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 5,260 2,440 2,820
Italy 230 125 100
Germany 1,650 830 820
Poland 145 65 80
Portugal 90 45 45
Netherlands 815 435 380
France 410 220 190
Romania 270 140 130
Russian Federation 70 55 15
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 130 50 80
Croatia 80 40 35
Hungary 95 45 50
Bosnia and Herzegovina 105 50 55
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 150 80 70
Other places of birth in Europe 740 435 310
Africa 1,610 855 750
Morocco 120 85 35
Algeria 50 30 20
Egypt 155 80 80
South Africa, Republic of 155 85 70
Nigeria 40 30 15
Ethiopia 70 35 30
Kenya 70 30 40
Other places of birth in Africa 940 480 460
Asia 6,230 2,985 3,245
India 800 425 375
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,050 445 610
Philippines 705 220 485
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 100 50 50
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 430 195 230
Pakistan 170 95 75
Sri Lanka 25 15 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 230 120 110
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,620 820 805
Lebanon 230 135 95
Taiwan 40 0 25
Iraq 20 0 0
Bangladesh 90 40 55
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 45 10 30
Turkey 20 15 0
Other places of birth in Asia 620 340 275
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 170 85 85
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 170 90 85
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 3,130 1,550 1,580
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 7,155 3,655 3,495
Americas 1,490 835 655
United States 835 455 380
Mexico 70 35 35
Cuba 70 45 30
Haiti 175 135 40
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 175 85 90
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 40 20 0
Other places of birth in Americas 105 50 60
Europe 1,455 780 670
France 130 75 55
Germany 210 115 100
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 115 55 55
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 20 0 0
Russian Federation 15 0 0
Ukraine 50 35 15
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 680 340 340
Other places of birth in Europe 235 135 105
Africa 925 440 490
Nigeria 25 0 0
Ethiopia 60 35 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 35 10 25
Morocco 70 55 0
Tunisia 50 20 25
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 105 65 40
South Africa, Republic of 75 40 40
Other places of birth in Africa 475 180 295
Asia 3,270 1,590 1,685
Philippines 375 135 240
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 440 165 275
India 105 45 60
Pakistan 25 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 120 70 55
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,410 730 680
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 80 35 45
Lebanon 60 40 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 285 130 155
Taiwan 20 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 25 25 0
Nepal 25 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 230 135 85
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 735,835 359,490 376,345
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 33,310 16,080 17,235
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 43,450 21,295 22,160
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 659,070 322,115 336,955
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 735,835 359,490 376,350
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 17,135 8,650 8,480
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 2,445 1,310 1,135
Chinese 2,540 1,230 1,310
Black 4,870 2,595 2,275
Filipino 1,100 415 685
Latin American 1,160 530 630
Arab 1,380 850 525
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 730 360 370
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 305 170 140
Korean 1,855 905 950
Japanese 305 105 200
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 85 25 60
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 360 160 195
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 718,705 350,835 367,870
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 735,835 359,485 376,345
North American Aboriginal origins 37,900 18,095 19,805
First Nations (North American Indian) 32,365 15,405 16,960
Inuit 820 440 380
Métis 5,230 2,485 2,740
Other North American origins 394,995 192,985 202,005
Acadian 32,005 15,505 16,495
American 6,550 3,085 3,465
Canadian 370,235 180,925 189,310
New Brunswicker 230 105 125
Newfoundlander 485 240 250
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 15 15 0
Québécois 935 510 425
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 100 20 80
European origins 489,980 238,715 251,260
British Isles origins 353,140 170,205 182,935
Channel Islander 160 65 95
Cornish 30 25 0
English 190,610 91,720 98,890
Irish 159,200 75,325 83,870
Manx 25 0 0
Scottish 146,230 69,560 76,675
Welsh 11,115 5,605 5,510
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 10,480 4,755 5,730
French origins 199,965 96,805 103,160
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 55 35 15
French 199,930 96,780 103,150
Western European origins (except French origins) 50,720 24,515 26,210
Austrian 805 460 340
Belgian 1,125 535 585
Dutch 16,370 7,750 8,615
Flemish 135 45 85
Frisian 60 45 0
German 34,865 17,000 17,870
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 1,040 465 580
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 10,405 5,240 5,165
Danish 3,800 1,725 2,075
Finnish 710 360 355
Icelandic 320 180 145
Norwegian 2,865 1,565 1,295
Swedish 2,640 1,370 1,270
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 500 270 230
Eastern European origins 10,840 5,345 5,490
Bulgarian 90 15 75
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 350 155 195
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 220 115 105
Estonian 110 45 75
Hungarian 1,020 480 535
Latvian 130 50 75
Lithuanian 255 125 130
Moldovan 35 0 35
Polish 4,040 2,020 2,015
Romanian 870 485 390
Russian 1,760 820 945
Slovak 325 165 160
Ukrainian 3,030 1,540 1,490
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 12,245 5,895 6,350
Albanian 115 70 45
Bosnian 100 55 45
Croatian 330 150 175
Cypriot 20 0 0
Greek 725 415 310
Italian 7,195 3,500 3,695
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 75 30 40
Maltese 80 50 30
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,360 630 735
Serbian 110 50 55
Sicilian 65 0 60
Slovenian 100 70 30
Spanish 2,115 945 1,170
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 205 65 140
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,875 980 890
Basque 55 30 25
Jewish 1,185 645 545
Roma (Gypsy) 40 0 35
Slavic, n.o.s. 40 35 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 565 280 290
Caribbean origins 1,620 890 725
Antiguan 30 0 0
Bahamian 15 10 0
Barbadian 75 45 30
Bermudan 125 65 60
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 100 60 40
Dominican 25 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 300 190 110
Jamaican 310 135 180
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 25 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 160 0 65
St. Lucian 20 0 10
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 295 200 95
Vincentian/Grenadinian 10 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 95 35 55
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 70 20 45
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,650 735 920
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 150 55 95
Argentinian 35 0 0
Belizean 20 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 90 60 35
Chilean 145 45 95
Colombian 370 150 220
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 20 0 0
Guatemalan 20 10 0
Guyanese 95 45 55
Hispanic 125 40 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 45 40 0
Mexican 420 205 220
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 65 15 50
Salvadorean 50 30 20
Uruguayan 25 0 0
Venezuelan 50 30 20
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 4,430 2,265 2,165
Central and West African origins 910 500 415
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 70 50 0
Burkinabe 45 30 20
Cameroonian 40 40 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 205 115 90
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 25 15 0
Guinean 70 0 55
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 40 25 0
Liberian 155 70 90
Malian 50 0 40
Nigerian 60 40 25
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 65 0 45
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 35 15 20
Yoruba 40 35 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 80 50 0
North African origins 815 450 365
Algerian 145 80 60
Berber 35 30 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 315 165 150
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 150 100 50
Sudanese 55 20 35
Tunisian 115 60 55
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 30 0 0
Southern and East African origins 780 420 365
Afrikaner 20 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 50 0 0
Burundian 80 65 20
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 100 50 40
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 20 10 0
Mauritian 40 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 200 115 85
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 200 85 115
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 15 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 35 15 20
Other African origins 2,055 1,000 1,060
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 295 135 165
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,760 865 900
Asian origins 14,530 7,545 6,990
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 4,610 2,650 1,960
Afghan 65 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 500 290 220
Armenian 75 50 30
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 450 220 220
Iraqi 35 35 0
Israeli 25 25 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 40 0 35
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 2,645 1,515 1,135
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 225 145 80
Syrian 265 135 125
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 280 190 90
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 65 60 10
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 55 20 30
South Asian origins 3,090 1,650 1,440
Bangladeshi 85 40 45
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,605 1,400 1,200
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 135 65 75
Pakistani 200 110 90
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 30 15 15
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 140 70 75
East and Southeast Asian origins 6,940 3,295 3,645
Burmese 15 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 25 20 0
Chinese 2,945 1,440 1,505
Filipino 1,155 450 705
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 395 165 235
Korean 1,865 920 950
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 75 75 0
Mongolian 80 50 30
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 40 0 30
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 525 270 260
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 60 35 25
Other Asian origins 45 30 15
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 45 30 15
Oceania origins 435 190 245
Australian 320 140 180
New Zealander 85 40 40
Pacific Islands origins 30 10 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 735,835 359,490 376,345
Buddhist 975 440 530
Christian 616,910 294,225 322,680
Anglican 51,365 23,890 27,475
Baptist 70,990 33,245 37,740
Catholic 366,115 176,830 189,290
Christian Orthodox 980 535 445
Lutheran 1,080 460 625
Pentecostal 18,435 8,630 9,805
Presbyterian 7,770 3,945 3,825
United Church 54,270 24,860 29,405
Other Christian 45,910 21,835 24,075
Hindu 820 375 445
Jewish 620 325 295
Muslim 2,640 1,460 1,185
Sikh 20 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 525 300 225
Other religions 1,895 790 1,105
No religious affiliation 111,435 61,565 49,870
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 735,835 359,490 376,345
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 22,620 11,035 11,580
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 16,120 7,730 8,385
Métis single identity 4,850 2,475 2,380
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 485 260 230
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 150 60 90
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 1,020 515 500
Non-Aboriginal identity 713,215 348,450 364,760
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 735,835 359,490 376,345
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 11,865 5,830 6,035
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 723,975 353,660 370,310
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 735,835 359,485 376,345
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 37,900 18,095 19,810
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 32,365 15,405 16,960
Métis ancestry 5,225 2,490 2,740
Inuit ancestry 815 440 375
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 697,935 341,395 356,540
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 26,570 12,735 13,835
Aboriginal languages 3,135 1,500 1,635
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 2,375 1,140 1,240
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 750 360 390
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,450 11,245 12,210
Italian 960 485 475
Portuguese 275 135 145
Romanian 385 220 165
Spanish 5,655 2,425 3,230
Dutch 1,065 520 550
Flemish 25 0 0
German 3,285 1,870 1,420
Yiddish 15 0 0
Danish 190 65 125
Norwegian 85 30 55
Swedish 115 35 75
Afrikaans 120 70 50
Gaelic languages 125 30 95
Bosnian 80 40 35
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 130 65 60
Czech 70 45 25
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 225 115 115
Russian 575 370 205
Serbian 85 45 40
Serbo-Croatian 60 20 45
Slovak 60 45 10
Slovenian 20 0 0
Ukrainian 160 60 95
Latvian 35 0 20
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 105 50 55
Armenian 25 10 0
Albanian 65 35 35
Estonian 15 0 0
Finnish 65 35 30
Hungarian 150 80 75
Turkish 80 25 55
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 15 15 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 1,650 910 740
Hebrew 150 110 40
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 220 105 115
Gujarati 120 45 80
Hindi 470 260 210
Konkani 15 0 0
Marathi 75 20 60
Panjabi (Punjabi) 115 75 40
Sindhi 40 30 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 0
Urdu 315 170 140
Nepali 140 65 70
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 20 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 375 195 185
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 35 25 0
Malayalam 105 55 50
Tamil 125 70 55
Telugu 180 95 80
Japanese 345 125 225
Korean 1,880 955 925
Cantonese 205 65 135
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 465 215 250
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,185 605 580
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 60 0 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 435 210 225
Bisayan languages 70 30 40
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 35 20 15
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 875 285 585
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 70 40 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 0 20
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 120 75 45
Swahili 300 155 145
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 75 50 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 235 125 115
African languages, n.i.e. 25 0 0
Creoles 440 240 210
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,420 525 895
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 728,985 356,200 372,780
Non-movers 649,895 317,615 332,275
Movers 79,085 38,585 40,505
Non-migrants 45,390 22,120 23,270
Migrants 33,695 16,460 17,240
Internal migrants 31,400 15,390 16,010
Intraprovincial migrants 21,920 10,720 11,200
Interprovincial migrants 9,480 4,670 4,810
External migrants 2,300 1,070 1,230
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 699,340 340,775 358,565
Non-movers 469,865 229,840 240,025
Movers 229,475 110,940 118,535
Non-migrants 119,645 57,080 62,565
Migrants 109,830 53,860 55,970
Internal migrants 100,645 49,165 51,475
Intraprovincial migrants 64,510 30,625 33,885
Interprovincial migrants 36,135 18,540 17,595
External migrants 9,190 4,700 4,495
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 622,435 301,865 320,575
No certificate, diploma or degree 154,890 78,965 75,925
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 167,820 79,500 88,320
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 299,725 143,395 156,325
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 69,775 46,080 23,695
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 116,465 48,835 67,635
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 17,880 6,540 11,340
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 95,605 41,945 53,655
Bachelor's degree 66,435 27,595 38,835
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 29,170 14,350 14,820
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 418,835 203,460 215,370
No certificate, diploma or degree 70,180 37,840 32,340
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 111,465 53,500 57,965
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 237,190 112,120 125,070
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 52,465 34,425 18,040
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 92,945 39,365 53,585
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 12,915 4,810 8,100
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 78,860 33,520 45,345
Bachelor's degree 55,175 22,720 32,455
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 23,685 10,800 12,890
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 622,440 301,865 320,570
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 322,715 158,470 164,240
Education 27,760 7,070 20,690
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,195 2,885 3,305
Humanities 13,215 5,585 7,625
Social and behavioural sciences and law 19,570 6,020 13,550
Business, management and public administration 67,930 20,315 47,620
Physical and life sciences and technologies 7,390 3,715 3,680
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 10,925 6,735 4,190
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 69,105 65,595 3,505
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 6,930 5,210 1,715
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 46,420 7,345 39,080
Personal, protective and transportation services 24,115 12,890 11,225
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 165 30 140
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 622,440 301,865 320,570
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 322,710 158,470 164,240
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 299,725 143,400 156,330
Location of study inside Canada 285,795 135,865 149,930
Same as province or territory of residence 227,505 106,910 120,585
Another province or territory 58,290 28,950 29,340
Location of study outside Canada 13,930 7,535 6,400
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 428,790 221,775 207,010
Single responses 412,010 213,790 198,220
English 317,310 167,995 149,315
French 93,970 45,405 48,565
Non-official languages 730 390 335
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 50 15
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 50 35 0
Korean 65 35 30
German 15 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 520 250 265
Multiple responses 16,775 7,985 8,795
English and French 16,400 7,805 8,595
English and non-official language 300 145 155
French and non-official language 15 0 0
English, French and non-official language 70 35 40
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 428,790 221,775 207,015
English 317,315 167,995 149,315
French 93,970 45,405 48,565
Non-official language 725 390 340
Aboriginal 345 185 160
Non-Aboriginal 380 205 175
English and French 16,400 7,800 8,595
English and non-official language 300 145 155
French and non-official language 15 0 0
English, French and non-official language 70 35 40
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 622,440 301,865 320,575
In the labour force 395,425 205,170 190,250
Employed 351,935 178,895 173,035
Unemployed 43,485 26,275 17,210
Not in the labour force 227,015 96,700 130,320
Participation rate 63.5 68.0 59.3
Employment rate 56.5 59.3 54.0
Unemployment rate 11.0 12.8 9.0
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 395,420 205,170 190,250
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 6,350 3,080 3,270
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 389,070 202,090 186,985
Employee 359,560 183,765 175,800
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 29,510 18,325 11,185
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 395,425 205,170 190,250
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 6,350 3,080 3,265
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 389,075 202,090 186,980
0 Management occupations 35,930 22,090 13,840
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 55,670 14,815 40,855
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 21,290 16,845 4,445
3 Health occupations 28,720 4,850 23,875
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 48,780 16,355 32,425
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 7,285 3,210 4,070
6 Sales and service occupations 94,655 37,460 57,195
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 64,555 61,870 2,680
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 13,660 11,705 1,965
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 18,520 12,890 5,635
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 395,420 205,170 190,250
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 6,350 3,080 3,270
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 389,070 202,085 186,980
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 15,480 11,995 3,485
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 4,860 4,215 650
22 Utilities 4,005 3,060 940
23 Construction 29,340 26,745 2,595
31-33 Manufacturing 33,325 24,255 9,070
41 Wholesale trade 12,230 8,515 3,720
44-45 Retail trade 46,285 20,940 25,345
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 19,240 14,085 5,150
51 Information and cultural industries 7,475 3,965 3,510
52 Finance and insurance 13,065 4,125 8,940
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,200 2,565 1,640
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 16,205 9,250 6,955
55 Management of companies and enterprises 250 80 170
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 19,025 10,380 8,645
61 Educational services 27,045 8,760 18,285
62 Health care and social assistance 49,660 8,255 41,405
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 6,170 3,165 3,010
72 Accommodation and food services 23,805 7,735 16,065
81 Other services (except public administration) 17,895 8,665 9,225
91 Public administration 39,515 21,340 18,175
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 395,425 205,170 190,255
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 15,640 7,075 8,565
Worked in 2010 379,780 198,095 181,685
1 to 13 weeks 20,935 10,545 10,390
14 to 26 weeks 43,845 24,330 19,515
27 to 39 weeks 26,935 14,310 12,625
40 to 48 weeks 47,450 24,260 23,190
49 to 52 weeks 240,610 124,650 115,965
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.3 43.2 43.6
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 395,420 205,170 190,255
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 15,640 7,075 8,565
Worked in 2010 379,785 198,095 181,690
Worked full-time in 2010 314,890 176,210 138,680
Worked part-time in 2010 64,890 21,885 43,010
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 351,935 178,895 173,040
Worked at home 18,620 8,935 9,690
Worked outside Canada 1,310 910 400
No fixed workplace address 42,545 32,270 10,275
Worked at usual place 289,460 136,780 152,680
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 332,005 169,050 162,950
Car, truck or van - as a driver 272,600 143,395 129,205
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 28,620 11,110 17,515
Public transit 7,330 3,300 4,030
Walked 17,615 7,905 9,710
Bicycle 1,615 1,075 540
Other methods 4,220 2,265 1,955
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 332,005 169,050 162,950
Median commuting duration 15.4 15.6 15.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 332,005 169,050 162,955
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 72,295 47,435 24,855
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 200,790 93,065 107,730
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 58,915 28,550 30,365
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 314,035 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 283,385 ... ...
Major repairs needed 30,650 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 314,035 ... ...
1960 or before 83,775 ... ...
1961 to 1980 98,750 ... ...
1981 to 1990 49,900 ... ...
1991 to 2000 38,280 ... ...
2001 to 2005 21,175 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 22,150 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 314,035 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 62,100 ... ...
5 rooms 55,855 ... ...
6 rooms 53,380 ... ...
7 rooms 44,410 ... ...
8 or more rooms 98,290 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 314,030 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 27,925 ... ...
2 bedrooms 84,050 ... ...
3 bedrooms 127,340 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 74,720 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 314,035 ... ...
Owner 237,570 ... ...
Renter 74,670 ... ...
Band housing 1,795 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 314,035 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 9,225 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 304,805 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 314,035 ... ...
1 household maintainer 188,300 ... ...
2 household maintainers 121,530 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 4,205 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 314,035 ... ...
Under 25 years 11,160 ... ...
25 to 34 years 39,880 ... ...
35 to 44 years 52,410 ... ...
45 to 54 years 68,380 ... ...
55 to 64 years 65,620 ... ...
65 to 74 years 42,155 ... ...
75 years and over 34,430 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 314,030 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 312,305 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,730 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 314,030 ... ...
Suitable 304,405 ... ...
Not suitable 9,630 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 309,160 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 250,725 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 58,430 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 48,225 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 235,250 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 53.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 12.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 666 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 797 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 139,537 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 153,484 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 74,215 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 15.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 648 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 650 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 622,435 301,865 320,575
Without income 26,555 11,085 15,470
With income 595,880 290,780 305,100
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 50,610 22,885 27,725
$5,000 to $9,999 53,265 18,255 35,010
$10,000 to $14,999 56,780 19,915 36,870
$15,000 to $19,999 67,580 25,605 41,975
$20,000 to $29,999 101,475 45,280 56,190
$30,000 to $39,999 82,575 43,300 39,275
$40,000 to $49,999 59,315 35,015 24,300
$50,000 to $59,999 39,125 24,565 14,555
$60,000 to $79,999 48,240 28,375 19,865
$80,000 to $99,999 18,730 13,145 5,585
$100,000 and over 18,185 14,430 3,755
$100,000 to $124,999 9,415 7,375 2,045
$125,000 and over 8,770 7,060 1,710
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 26,582 32,859 21,649
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,110 40,520 28,001
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 622,440 301,865 320,570
Without after-tax income 26,750 11,075 15,670
With after-tax income 595,685 290,785 304,900
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 51,815 23,120 28,695
$5,000 to $9,999 54,610 18,440 36,170
$10,000 to $14,999 59,065 20,755 38,310
$15,000 to $19,999 74,520 29,055 45,470
$20,000 to $29,999 121,795 57,480 64,320
$30,000 to $39,999 92,225 51,115 41,105
$40,000 to $49,999 57,745 35,620 22,130
$50,000 to $59,999 36,295 21,195 15,105
$60,000 to $79,999 31,150 21,005 10,145
$80,000 to $99,999 8,915 6,870 2,045
$100,000 and over 7,540 6,135 1,405
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 24,458 29,435 20,477
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,168 34,000 24,560
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 83.5 86.8 78.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 71.2 74.2 67.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 68.3 70.6 65.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.9 3.6 2.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.5 2.3 2.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.1 8.9 7.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.4 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 16.5 13.2 21.1
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.7 4.2 5.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.4 3.2 6.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 4.0 4.1 3.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.9 1.6 2.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.5 16.1 12.3
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.5 83.9 87.7
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.0 1.1 0.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 213,485 115,800 97,685
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 41,615 46,571 36,491
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 48,769 54,874 41,532
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 223,085 ... ...
Median family income ($) 65,384 ... ...
Average family income ($) 76,465 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 57,867 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 65,162 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 96,005 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,576 ... ...
Average family income ($) 69,516 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,548 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 59,229 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 88,180 ... ...
Median family income ($) 86,415 ... ...
Average family income ($) 96,294 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 74,875 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 81,078 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 31,485 ... ...
Median family income ($) 36,886 ... ...
Average family income ($) 43,922 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 35,308 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 39,676 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 108,235 49,320 58,915
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 23,360 27,308 21,036
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,190 33,400 27,502
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 21,935 24,682 20,418
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,226 28,395 24,410
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 735,835 359,490 376,345
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 427,080 201,550 225,530
In bottom decile 77,415 35,385 42,025
In second decile 94,695 40,925 53,770
In third decile 87,725 42,260 45,465
In fourth decile 85,000 42,315 42,690
In fifth decile 82,245 40,670 41,575
In top half of the Canadian distribution 308,755 157,935 150,820
In sixth decile 77,705 39,360 38,340
In seventh decile 71,350 35,940 35,410
In eighth decile 66,085 33,845 32,240
In ninth decile 56,260 29,105 27,155
In top decile 37,360 19,690 17,665
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 314,030 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,530 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,810 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 10,215 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,975 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 34,195 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 34,570 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 31,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,420 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 46,335 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 33,270 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,830 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,430 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,135 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 314,030 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,610 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,850 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 10,685 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 23,070 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 38,270 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 40,375 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 37,810 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 32,205 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 50,595 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 29,765 ... ...
$100,000 and over 34,790 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,595 ... ...
$125,000 and over 15,190 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 314,030 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 52,835 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 64,725 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 47,354 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 55,329 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 81,550 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 24,213 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 31,620 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 22,647 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 27,383 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 232,480 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 65,328 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 76,337 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 57,858 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,131 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 727,865 355,535 372,330
Less than 18 years 138,175 70,740 67,430
Less than 6 years 42,865 21,650 21,210
18 to 64 years 475,755 232,970 242,785
65 years and over 113,940 51,825 62,115
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 124,880 54,775 70,105
Less than 18 years 29,175 14,920 14,260
Less than 6 years 9,730 4,875 4,855
18 to 64 years 73,050 31,905 41,140
65 years and over 22,660 7,950 14,705
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.2 15.4 18.8
Less than 18 years (%) 21.1 21.1 21.1
Less than 6 years (%) 22.7 22.5 22.9
18 to 64 years (%) 15.4 13.7 16.9
65 years and over (%) 19.9 15.3 23.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. New Brunswick (Code 13) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 15, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

New Brunswick

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic New Brunswick

(Province)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 751,171 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 729,997 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 2.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 348,465 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 314,007 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 10.5 ... ...
Land area (square km) 71,377.18 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 751,170 366,440 384,730
0 to 4 years 36,525 18,575 17,955
5 to 9 years 36,660 18,600 18,060
10 to 14 years 40,390 20,780 19,610
15 to 19 years 45,845 23,585 22,265
15 years 8,705 4,485 4,220
16 years 9,030 4,660 4,365
17 years 9,270 4,730 4,540
18 years 9,450 4,900 4,550
19 years 9,395 4,815 4,585
20 to 24 years 44,585 22,735 21,850
25 to 29 years 41,725 20,535 21,190
30 to 34 years 43,700 21,160 22,540
35 to 39 years 48,120 23,380 24,740
40 to 44 years 51,275 25,010 26,265
45 to 49 years 61,905 30,250 31,650
50 to 54 years 62,795 30,675 32,115
55 to 59 years 59,340 28,940 30,400
60 to 64 years 54,665 26,940 27,725
65 to 69 years 39,110 19,410 19,695
70 to 74 years 29,255 14,060 15,190
75 to 79 years 22,480 10,020 12,460
80 to 84 years 16,335 6,535 9,795
85 years and over 16,465 5,240 11,225
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 43.7 42.8 44.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.9 84.2 85.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 637,590 308,485 329,110
Married or living with a common-law partner 382,310 191,050 191,260
Married (and not separated) 310,310 155,115 155,195
Living common law 72,000 35,935 36,070
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 255,285 117,440 137,850
Single (never legally married) 159,760 86,220 73,545
Separated 21,035 9,180 11,855
Divorced 32,930 14,060 18,870
Widowed 41,560 7,985 33,575
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 224,590 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 125,615 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 49,255 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 37,365 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 12,360 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 224,590 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 188,400 ... ...
Married couples 152,455 ... ...
Without children at home 82,075 ... ...
With children at home 70,380 ... ...
1 child 31,060 ... ...
2 children 29,455 ... ...
3 or more children 9,860 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,950 ... ...
Without children at home 20,155 ... ...
With children at home 15,790 ... ...
1 child 8,430 ... ...
2 children 5,455 ... ...
3 or more children 1,905 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 36,185 ... ...
Female parent 28,735 ... ...
1 child 18,065 ... ...
2 children 8,040 ... ...
3 or more children 2,640 ... ...
Male parent 7,450 ... ...
1 child 5,320 ... ...
2 children 1,725 ... ...
3 or more children 410 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 200,700 ... ...
Under six years of age 43,455 ... ...
6 to 14 years 69,295 ... ...
15 to 17 years 26,050 ... ...
18 to 24 years 38,950 ... ...
25 years and over 22,950 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 735,715 359,500 376,215
Number of persons not in census families 122,025 56,500 65,525
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 13,885 5,930 7,955
Living with non-relatives only 26,435 14,440 11,995
Living alone 81,705 36,135 45,570
Number of census family persons 613,695 303,000 310,690
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 114,255 52,430 61,830
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 37,740 11,275 26,460
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,920 1,330 3,590
Living with non-relatives only 2,545 1,205 1,340
Living alone 30,270 8,745 21,530
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 76,515 41,150 35,365
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 314,005 ... ...
Census-family households 220,100 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 204,380 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 175,630 ... ...
Without children 95,030 ... ...
With children 80,600 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 28,745 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 15,720 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 11,310 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 7,120 ... ...
Without children 3,555 ... ...
With children 3,565 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,190 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 4,410 ... ...
Non-census-family households 93,910 ... ...
One-person households 81,700 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 12,205 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 314,005 ... ...
Single-detached house 220,180 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 3,990 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 14,000 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 75,845 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,815 ... ...
Row house 7,835 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 14,110 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 42,040 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,050 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 314,005 ... ...
1 person 81,700 ... ...
2 persons 123,375 ... ...
3 persons 51,805 ... ...
4 persons 40,245 ... ...
5 persons 12,310 ... ...
6 or more persons 4,570 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 735,720 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 739,900 361,415 378,480
  Single responses  731,855 357,560 374,295
    English  479,930 234,735 245,195
    French  233,530 113,495 120,035
    Non-official languages  18,395 9,330 9,065
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 2,135 1,030 1,110
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  2,115 1,020 1,095
        Ojibway  0 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 5
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,520 7,920 7,595
        African languages, n.i.e 30 20 10
        Afrikaans  70 30 35
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 5
        Albanian  15 10 10
        Amharic  45 20 25
        Arabic  1,325 830 495
        Armenian  15 10 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Bengali  180 95 80
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  10 5 5
        Bisayan languages  65 20 45
        Bosnian  40 20 20
        Bulgarian  20 5 10
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  225 120 105
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,190 605 585
        Creoles  70 40 35
        Croatian  75 35 40
        Czech  45 25 20
        Danish  145 50 95
        Dutch  925 500 425
        Estonian  20 10 10
        Finnish  50 25 25
        Flemish  30 10 20
        Fukien  0 0 5
        German  1,805 860 945
        Greek  140 85 55
        Gujarati  45 25 20
        Hakka  5 5 0
        Hebrew  25 20 10
        Hindi  250 130 115
        Hungarian  155 75 80
        Ilocano  15 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Italian  440 240 205
        Japanese  115 30 85
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 5 5
        Korean  1,810 915 890
        Kurdish  15 5 5
        Lao  5 0 0
        Latvian  20 10 10
        Lingala  15 5 5
        Lithuanian  15 5 5
        Macedonian  15 10 5
        Malay  45 25 20
        Malayalam  40 20 20
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  405 190 215
        Marathi  35 15 15
        Nepali  100 50 50
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 135 85 55
        Norwegian  45 25 15
        Oromo  30 15 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  95 55 45
        Pashto  5 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  450 245 205
        Polish  255 125 130
        Portuguese  220 110 115
        Romanian  420 225 200
        Rundi (Kirundi)  40 20 20
        Russian  355 175 180
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  35 20 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  120 60 55
        Serbo-Croatian  45 15 25
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 95 55 40
        Sindhi  10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 25 15 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  20 10 15
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  5 5 0
        Spanish  1,135 545 585
        Swahili  140 80 55
        Swedish  45 20 30
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  585 205 380
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  90 55 35
        Telugu  45 25 20
        Thai  65 15 55
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 10 5
        Turkish  65 40 25
        Ukrainian  135 65 70
        Urdu  205 105 95
        Vietnamese  285 145 140
        Yiddish  25 20 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 740 385 360
  Multiple responses          8,040 3,860 4,185
    English and French  6,580 3,140 3,445
    English and non-official language  1,120 540 575
    French and non-official language  250 125 125
    English, French and non-official language 95 50 40
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 739,900 361,420 378,480
  English only 426,675 212,750 213,925
  French only 66,375 31,205 35,170
  English and French 245,890 117,020 128,870
  Neither English nor French 960 445 515
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 739,900 361,420 378,480
  English 502,040 245,760 256,285
  French 234,410 114,040 120,370
  English and French 2,575 1,225 1,350
  Neither English nor French 865 395 475
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 235,700 114,655 121,040
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 31.9 31.7 32.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 739,895 361,420 378,475
  Single responses 731,310 357,340 373,970
    English 512,110 250,355 261,760
    French 209,885 102,240 107,650
    Non-official languages 9,310 4,750 4,565
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 1,025 515 515
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 1,025 515 510
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,000 4,085 3,915
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 50 25 30
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 5
        Albanian 5 0 5
        Amharic 15 5 10
        Arabic 730 430 295
        Armenian 0 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
        Bengali 105 55 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 20 10 5
        Bosnian 15 10 10
        Bulgarian 10 5 5
        Burmese 5 5 0
        Cantonese 130 70 65
        Chinese, n.o.s. 845 445 400
        Creoles 35 15 15
        Croatian 25 10 15
        Czech 10 5 5
        Danish 10 10 5
        Dutch 180 90 95
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 15 10 5
        Flemish 5 5 0
        Fukien 10 0 0
        German 490 235 250
        Greek 35 15 20
        Gujarati 25 10 15
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 20 15 5
        Hindi 125 65 65
        Hungarian 25 10 15
        Ilocano 5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Italian 90 40 50
        Japanese 35 10 25
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 1,580 805 770
        Kurdish 5 5 5
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 5 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 0 5
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 25 15 10
        Malayalam 10 5 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 325 160 165
        Marathi 10 0 5
        Nepali 85 45 45
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Norwegian 5 5 0
        Oromo 5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 40 20 25
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 320 170 145
        Polish 65 30 35
        Portuguese 75 30 40
        Romanian 265 135 130
        Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 15
        Russian 220 110 105
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 90 50 45
        Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 165 100 60
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 5
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 595 280 315
        Swahili 70 35 30
        Swedish 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 280 130 150
        Taiwanese 0 0 5
        Tamil 35 20 15
        Telugu 20 10 10
        Thai 15 0 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 30 15 15
        Ukrainian 35 15 20
        Urdu 120 55 65
        Vietnamese 235 125 110
        Yiddish 20 15 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 280 150 125
  Multiple responses         8,585 4,075 4,510
    English and French 6,235 2,910 3,325
    English and non-official language 2,020 995 1,025
    French and non-official language 175 90 90
    English, French and non-official language 160 85 75
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 739,895 361,420 378,480
  None 656,325 321,935 334,390
  Single responses  82,780 39,115 43,665
    English  47,560 22,885 24,670
    French  28,410 12,880 15,535
    Non-official languages  6,810 3,350 3,465
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 845 375 465
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  825 370 455
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,280 2,665 2,610
        African languages, n.i.e 25 15 5
        Afrikaans  20 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 5
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  10 10 5
        Arabic  450 275 180
        Armenian  5 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 50 30 20
        Bengali  50 25 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 5
        Bisayan languages  15 5 10
        Bosnian  15 5 10
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  70 35 35
        Chinese, n.o.s.  245 120 125
        Creoles  70 30 35
        Croatian  25 10 15
        Czech  20 10 10
        Danish  55 20 35
        Dutch  310 165 145
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  30 10 15
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  680 330 345
        Greek  65 45 20
        Gujarati  15 10 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  35 20 10
        Hindi  130 65 60
        Hungarian  50 25 25
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Italian  190 95 95
        Japanese  110 50 55
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  150 80 70
        Kurdish  0 5 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  30 15 15
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  15 10 5
        Malayalam  15 10 5
        Maltese  5 5 5
        Mandarin  95 40 55
        Marathi  15 5 10
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 95 55 40
        Norwegian  20 10 10
        Oromo  20 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  40 25 15
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  95 45 45
        Polish  75 40 45
        Portuguese  75 40 35
        Romanian  100 60 40
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  105 60 50
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  25 20 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  15 10 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 115 50 65
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  10 0 0
        Spanish  705 335 365
        Swahili  80 35 45
        Swedish  30 10 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  220 65 155
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  45 25 20
        Telugu  25 15 10
        Thai  35 10 25
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  20 10 10
        Ukrainian  35 20 15
        Urdu  60 35 25
        Vietnamese  50 25 25
        Yiddish  10 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 695 310 385
  Multiple responses          790 370 420
    English and French  130 60 65
    English and non-official language  250 130 120
    French and non-official language  400 175 230
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. New Brunswick (Code 13) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 15, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: New Brunswick (Province)

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Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data